Guide to the Business School Capstone Project - Types & Examples
- What is an MBA Capstone Project?
An MBA capstone project is the final step in many MBA programs. It’s here that MBA students put all that they’ve learned into practice by analyzing a meaningful and strategic business question. Often, this involves hands-on work within an existing company, but not always: MBA capstone projects can take the form of startup business plans and business simulations, too.
No matter their format or focus, each capstone project is likely to be the most intensive, and possibly the most rewarding, feature of an MBA candidate’s journey.
A capstone project is not the same as a thesis project, although they do share some qualities. Thesis projects are focused on theory and research, and based on the type of situations one would face in academia. Often taking the form of a large research paper, thesis projects can last the entire final year of an academic program, and some students may even begin before that, with the ultimate goal of contributing new knowledge to the canon of business research.
MBA capstone projects, by contrast, are more practical and similar to situations one would face in the business world. Here, students work in teams to answer strategic business questions. MBA capstones are hands-on immersions with real-world consequences, and they can have a major impact on an MBA graduate’s program experience, as well as their career.
To see some examples of MBA capstone projects, and to get a walkthrough of the general process, read on.
Stages of an MBA Capstone Project
Most MBA capstone projects take place during a program’s final year and can last anywhere from four weeks to a full semester. They often include some form of instruction (whether through prerequisite courses or scheduled advising) along with practical application.
While MBA capstone programs will vary in format from program to program, they generally include the following stages:
- Topic Selection
- Preliminary Research
- Project Execution
- Written Report
- Final Presentation
It’s not necessarily over after the final presentation, either: some capstone projects carry over beyond the MBA program, leading to successful startup businesses, offers of employment, or investment opportunities.
Choosing a Capstone Topic
Many MBA programs provide some structured options for choosing a capstone topic. This can mean students are allowed to select from a list of possible partnership opportunities; it can also mean that faculty advisors will work with students to find a topic that meets the student’s strengths, weaknesses, and goals. But in other programs, MBA students are given more freedom to choose both their topic and their partner organization.
In their capstone project, MBA students should select a topic where they can answer a meaningful and strategic business question: one that’s complex enough to warrant significant time and energy, but also realistic enough as to be achievable. These are not theoretical questions, though; each one is tailored to a specific real-world business.
Some examples of MBA capstone topics include:
- What are the short-term outcomes of a mutual fund’s impact-investing initiative?
- How do the diversity and inclusion efforts of multinational companies adapt to non-Western office environments?
- What is the market feasibility of a startup’s application in target demographics?
- How can a recently downsized organization recover employee morale while keeping the budget balanced?
It’s critical for the capstone topic to be specifically relevant to the partner company or organization. To this end, MBA students should heavily research the company’s strengths, weaknesses, and objectives before selecting their topic.
Similarly, MBA students should turn that lens on themselves, too: what problems do they want to explore in their business careers, what causes do they find interesting, and how can their own unique skill set be best put to use?
How an MBA Capstone is Graded
Some programs provide MBA candidates with a rubric for how their capstone will be graded, while others do not. Most capstones are graded through their ability to demonstrate key business skills (theoretical, practical, applied, and reflective) across functional areas (finance, human resources, marketing, and operations).
The final presentation is also a factor, as this is where the candidate demonstrates what they learned, or didn’t, through the course of the capstone.
It’s rare that an MBA candidate will fail their capstone project. After all, they’ve made it through practically an entire MBA program up until then. Even if the project is a failure from a business point of view, an MBA candidate will likely still be able to effectively analyze where and why the project failed, and what lessons can be learned from that failure going forward.
Examples of MBA Capstone Projects
Ucla anderson school of management capstone project.
The MBA program at UCLA Anderson School of Management offers three capstone options: the Global Access Program (GAP), the Business Creation Option (BCO), and Anderson Student Asset Management (ASAM).
In the GAP, students partner with high-growth global companies in a market-entry consulting project. Working in five- to six-person teams, students bid on partnership opportunities, perform five to six months of research, then travel internationally to the partner organization. Combining interviews, meetings, and research, the students develop effective strategic business plans to advance the organization’s growth, and present it to the organization’s executives, potential investors, and industry professionals.
Along the way, students are advised by faculty members who have directed, invested in, and provided consulting services to leading companies worldwide. In the last 20 years, over 3,000 students have completed the GAP, impacting 738 companies across 23 countries.
For students with an entrepreneurship focus, the BCO offers them the chance to launch a company. After taking two prerequisite courses to prepare their business plans, students will work in teams across two academic quarters. Through extensive research, development, and implementation, students will put strategies for every aspect of their business into practice. In three years, the BCO has had 47 teams and launched 24 companies.
The ASAM program is for current and aspiring quants who want experience as successful long-term portfolio managers. Guided by a faculty advisor and oversight committee, students in the ASAM program will select an optimal mix of equity, fixed income, and cash investments. Each four-member team manages approximately $200,000. Students will rotate work roles between that of an executive board member, strategy lead, risk manager, and programmer.
Carnegie Mellon University Tepper School of Business Capstone Project
The MBA program at Carnegie Mellon University Tepper School of Business offers students three different forms of capstone program: Global Study; Strategic Management of the Enterprise; and Management Game.
In the Global Study capstone, MBA students will take a four-week study abroad course in either Mainland China and Hong Kong or Germany. Previous topics of study have included bank lending in China; entrepreneurship in Asia; European economic integration; and operations management in Europe. Each class is complemented with tours of local companies and meetings with local business leaders. Upon completion of the international experience, students return to Tepper to give a final presentation.
The Strategic Management of the Enterprise capstone is an experiential learning course where students are matched with one of several consulting projects to solve business problems faced by partner companies. This is a more traditional capstone program, focused on the practical application of business skills learned through the MBA curriculum. Past clients have included Walmart, P&G, and Ameriprise.
Tepper’s Management Game capstone is an applied management experience. Student teams run a computer-simulated multinational manufacturing company for three years, acting as its executive committee. Taking place at the end of the MBA program’s curriculum, the Management Game capstone focuses on the unstructured nature of business problems and prods students to use all the functional skills they’ve learned so far. External-facing exercises include interaction with industry partners and are related to each student’s career choices.
Uniquely, the Management Game capstone is graded by external professionals on the merit of the results students deliver; students have the chance to receive direct feedback from corporate partners throughout the process.
Matt Zbrog is a writer and freelancer who has been living abroad since 2016. His nonfiction has been published by Euromaidan Press, Cirrus Gallery, and Our Thursday. Both his writing and his experience abroad are shaped by seeking out alternative lifestyles and counterculture movements, especially in developing nations. You can follow his travels through Eastern Europe and Central Asia on Instagram at @weirdviewmirror . He’s recently finished his second novel, and is in no hurry to publish it.
- 1 AACSB-Accredited Online MBA Programs 1">
- 2 ACBSP-Accredited Online MBA Programs 1">
- 3 Flexible MBA Programs 1">
- 4 IACBE-Accredited Online MBA Programs 1">
- 5 MBA in General Management 1">
- 6 One-Year Online MBA Programs 1">
- 7 Online Dual-Degree MBA Programs 1">
- 1 Do Online MBA Programs Require Residency or Campus Visitation?
- 2 How Do I Get into Business School?
- 3 How Do I Secure an MBA Internship?
- 4 How Long Does it Take to Complete an MBA Program?
- 5 How Many Credits Do Online MBA Programs Require?
- 6 Is Attending Business School Worth It?
- 7 What Are MBA Yield Comparisons, Connotations, and Stakeholders? (MBA Admissions Yield, Part One)
Online mba programs ranked by affordability (2022-2023).
Earning an MBA can be expensive. These online programs ranked by affordability can be a viable alternative to more expensive programs while still receiving an excellent education and providing the flexibility working professionals need to balance work, family, and higher education demands.
The Push to Reopen Business Schools – The Covid-19 Revolt MBA Students May Soon Regret
When the Kellogg School of Management at Northwestern University decided to defend against Covid-19 in February 2021 by limiting classes with an in-person or hybrid in-person/remote configuration to only 16 percent of the courses offered by the school, MBA students swiftly and vigorously pushed back.
UNC’s Kenan-Flagler: Two Views, One Business School
In the nascent years of online MBA programs, there was a clear hierarchy: on-campus programs were considered the premier option, while online programs were considered second-rate. That hierarchy doesn’t exist anymore.
The New Harvard Business School Online and the Future of Education
Dr. Joshua Kim, the director of digital learning initiatives at Dartmouth College’s Center for the Advancement of Learning (DCAL), wrote “the rebranding of HBX to Harvard Business School Online is a signal that online education has well and truly arrived. For those of us in the online education game, Harvard Business School rebranding to embrace online is a great development.”
Femme-BAs: How the Foster School of Business Wins with Women
Many business schools still have demographics in the student body and faculty that seem pulled from the previous century. In Foster’s eyes, however, the concepts of diversity and inclusion aren’t a sidebar but rather they’re core tenets of what it means to be an innovative and contemporary business school.
Why Older Professionals Enroll in MBA Programs
In some cases, age comes with benefits. And when applying for an MBA program, work experience matters a lot. Acceptance rates at top business schools can be higher for older professionals.
Femme-BAs: How Rutgers Business School Wins with Women
Experts agree that moving toward gender equality is not only the right thing to do but it’s the smart thing to do. So shouldn’t MBA programs—where women frequently make up less than 38 percent of the student body—be focused on achieving it?
- Essay Writing
- Extended Essays
- IB Internal Assessment
- Theory of Knowledge
- Research Writing
- Literature Review
- Assignment Help
- Capstone Projects
- College Application
- Online Class
Capstone Project: Definition, Types, Structure, and Examples
by Antony W
September 5, 2021
If you're reading this, chances are that you're in your final year of school and the words "capstone project" have come up somewhere in your first or second semester.
You're probably looking for a quick score on the topic - what it's about, a project template, or even a sample. If so, you're in the right place.
Before we get into it, you' need to know that you're in the hands of consummate capstone project experts.
Help for Assessment is composed of scholars at all levels of academic achievement including Masters and Ph.D., all inspired and motivated to help students like you achieve their academic goals. The expertise and experience we have spans years. Even better, this combined academic expertise is placed at your disposal. If your capstone research project is already giving you goosebumps, we will do it for you from scratch including the project proposal, research, write up, and final review before submission.
Remember, you can trust Help for Assessment to complete your capstone project successfully and earn you top grades. All you have to do is order the service here on our service page.
In the meantime, let us explore the definition of the capstone project, types of projects for students, and a sample capstone project.
What Is a Capstone Project?
A capstone project in college is a final independent project undertaken in a program of study designed to assess the skills, knowledge, and expertise acquired by the student.
As the name suggests, it is the capstone or crowning achievement of academic life and the last class taken before graduation. It gives you the final credits required to pass the course, which is why every student must take the project.
Since it is designed to assess knowledge and skills gained in a particular discipline, capstone projects vary from school to school and discipline to discipline.
Such a project might involve something as simple as research on a topic, an evaluation of a new technique or method, development of a health program, research into a historical figure or event, or even composing a skit or theatre presentation.
No matter what kind of project you choose to undertake, the result is the same. You get to showcase your understanding of the coursework material learned and display your readiness to enter the professional world to start your career. It is a rewarding experience if done right, but can mess up your final year and possibly your graduation if you manage to mess it up.
Do you know that a successful capstone project also helps to land you lucrative jobs? That’s right, capstone projects are one of the ways potential employers find out just how learned, resourceful, and talented you are. Think of it as a kind of thesis.
Capstone projects are also called culminating projects, experience, senior exhibition, or other similar names. The project is usually self-directed, and most students find it a challenge to even come up with the right capstone project topic.
Capstone Project Vs. Thesis
A capstone project and a thesis are both very similar in that they represent a final effort from the student just before graduation.
They are done in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the course being undertaken. The comprehensive approach and assessment involved are very similar, and sometimes the structure and methodology might overlap.
Both also have to be reviewed and approved by the institution and will remain in the public domain after publishing.
However, there are some important differences.
- A thesis is purely academic while a capstone project focuses more on the practical preparation of the student for the real world/job market.
- A thesis is guided by a research question resulting in the addition of new knowledge to the field, while a capstone project is guided by the practical importance of the project to the field.
- A thesis involves academic research and analysis, while a capstone project can be anything including a dance or film.
- A thesis is expected to be original and authentic, while a capstone project will have more loose requirements. You can borrow another person’s capstone project ideas , so long as you demonstrate your own advancement in the field.
- A capstone project will usually only have a brief write-up or report, while a thesis generates a detailed, extensive writeup.
- The final presentation of a thesis, called a defense, is meant to prove and show that you have mastered the subject. You are supposed to be a mini-expert in the field. A capstone project presentation comes off as a kind of exhibition where you showcase your project without having to defend it.
Types of Capstone Projects
Capstone projects vary not just in the type of project, also in the level at which they are done.
There are projects for juniors and seniors in college as well as for postgraduate students.
Here are some examples of the forms of projects depending on the academic level.
- In-depth research projects.
- Developing the concept of a product, tool, or service.
Capstone projects can be conducted either individually or in a group.
However, the key thing is to make sure that the project proposal has been reviewed and approved by the instructor/panel/institution in charge before proceeding.
Senior Capstone Project
Senior projects are so called because they are done by high school students in their senior year.
Just like other projects, they represent a culmination of the coursework with an interdisciplinary application of knowledge and skills gained so far.
The project usually takes the better part of the final academic year and will have different parts to it, depending on the type of project chosen.
It will also require a presentation where the student(s) explain and describe the project to an audience, including their classmates.
Sample Capstone Project Outline
The write up for a project consists of several parts. However, even before starting the write-up, you need to do a few things:
- Come up with an idea for your project. What will be your subject matter, topic, or premise?
- Find sources for the project and review them beforehand to ensure that they will be of help to you.
- Come up with a step-by-step methodology for your project.
Using this information, you will then write a capstone project proposal for your project. It informs your instructor or review panel exactly what you intend to present so that they can approve or reject it.
Once approved, you can go on to the next stage. The final write-up has the following parts.
- A title page.
- Project outline.
- A description/abstract.
- Rationale/relevance/reason for doing the project.
- Objectives of the project.
- Research and analysis.
- Evaluation of results and findings.
- Conclusion and future work/suggestions.
- Bibliography/works cited/reference list.
Note that the project is carried out in stages. Once approved, you will need to be submitting weekly or monthly status reports to your supervisor. After the project report is submitted, you will also have to make a presentation about the whole project.
This brief outline is only meant to be a rough guide. We have a much more detailed article detailing how you can do your capstone project, including a project template.
Capstone Project Examples
Help for Assessment has extensive experience when it comes to capstone projects of all kinds.
Whether it’s a high school project, a college capstone, or a senior capstone project, you can trust us to carry it out successfully for you.
As proof, you can check out various capstone project samples here . (hyperlink to be inserted.)
Get Help With Your Capstone Project
Capstone projects in every level of school are a make or break it deal. Given that they complete the graduation credits required, it makes sense to leave this important part of your coursework to experts.
We are proud to offer you a guide on how to write a capstone project here . If you need help, you can take advantage of our capstone project writing service at affordable, student-friendly rates with amazing discounts.
Check it out here and make your order to experience excellence, peace of mind, and success thanks to our stellar services.
About the author
Antony W is a professional writer and coach at Help for Assessment. He spends countless hours every day researching and writing great content filled with expert advice on how to write engaging essays, research papers, and assignments.
- Skip to primary navigation
- Skip to main content
- Skip to primary sidebar
- Skip to footer
Because high quality education can be affordable
5 Capstone Topics on Business Administration
Finding the best business capstone project ideas can be a challenge. Students who are in search of business administration topics for a capstone often face problems related to the lack of unexplored content. Given the number of Ph.D. candidates, it is not surprising that students find it hard to come up with something that has not been researched before.
In this article, we’ll provide five business capstone project examples in more detail. Each topic can be customized in dozens of ways according to your own experience and areas of specialization. We’ll also cover the ins-and-outs of capstone papers and how you can successfully demonstrate your skills and knowledge to make your paper a success.
What Is a Capstone Project?
For most students, a capstone project is the last step in completing an MBA program. This is where you take everything you have learned during your coursework and put it into a practice by doing a thorough written analysis on a business administrative topic or question. The focus and format may vary, but your capstone project is vital to your degree and will possibly be the most intensive feature of your educational journey.
What Is the Difference Between a Capstone and a Thesis?
While thesis and capstone projects share many similarities, they are not the same thing and most programs distinguish between these two undertakings. A thesis is more focused on research and theory, while a capstone answers strategic, real-world business questions.
During your MBA program, it is likely you have taken part in some internship or practicum components that offered hands-on experience in a real business environment. The capstone is designed to build on this real-world experience by encouraging you to come up with practical and creative solutions to actual problems experienced in the world of business.
The purpose of the project is so you can demonstrate all you have learned by bringing it all together in a comprehensive written format.
Your thesis is a bit different in that a takes the form of an extensive research paper based on theory and research. It is more academic in nature and can last the entire final year of your program.
The goal of your thesis is to contribute new knowledge to the vast amounts of business research already in place.
What Are the Different Steps Of a Capstone?
The capstone takes place in your business administration program’s final year and can typically take anywhere between four weeks to a whole semester. Usually, there will be some type of instruction, such as a course or meeting with an advisor. Plus, in many cases, you will be working hands-on to execute a project regarding the topic you select.
Capstone projects vary depending on the school and the program, but in general, the following stages are usually included:
- Selecting a topic
- Researching the topic
- Executing the project
- Writing about the project
- Presenting the project
How Important Is the Capstone Project?
It’s worth noting that the capstone project is vitally important. Beyond the final presentation, it’s entirely possible that your project could carry over to things like investment opportunities, successful startups, or offers of employment.
How Is a Capstone Graded?
The evaluation methods used to grade business administration capstone projects vary among different schools and programs. In some cases, students will get a rubric, so they know what to expect. The rubric typically includes instructions to include specific functional aspects and content from management literature. The grade may also be based on grammar and formatting guidelines. If you have any questions, you should feel free to contact your advisor. Don’t be afraid to clarify any aspects of the instructions you do not understand.
See also: How Do I Find the Best Online MBA for Me?
What if I Fail My Capstone?
Failing your capstone project means you would no longer be eligible for your degree. However, at most schools, It’s extremely rare for a student to fail their capstone. Typically, an advisor would work with you so you can revise the project. Ultimately, not trying hard enough would obviously result in a need to repeat the course.
Even if the project fails from a business standpoint, you will probably still be able to analyze what went wrong and explain how it could be remedied going forward.
What Qualities Make For a Good Capstone Project Idea?
Before you start looking at project topics for business administration, it can help to understand what qualities are needed for a good MBA capstone idea. Otherwise, you run the risk of selecting something dull or overdone. Great business management research topics should be:
- Unique: Let’s face it. Some topics are way overdone. If you select something that has already been explored too much, you are simply copying solutions that others have defined previously. If you can’t find a unique topic, at least look at it from a novel angle.
- Engaging: Choose a topic that is captivating and stimulating not only for yourself but for other business professionals. The problem needs to be authentic, and the solution should create a tangible and palpable benefit in your field.
- Challenging: The overall goal of your capstone is to demonstrate the skills and knowledge you have learned through your business administration program. Therefore, the project should be ambitious enough to display your understanding of everything you have assimilated through your instruction.
- Focused: You should hone in on a narrowly defined topic rather than something too broad. If you go with a topic that is too general, you may not end up with a capstone that is specific or captivating enough to convey your knowledge.
- Realistic: The time and resources you have to complete your capstone project will be limited. Be sure to select a topic that will realistically be achievable with what you have to work with.
Writing Tips for Capstone Projects
Here are a few simple writing tips that can help you as you begin your capstone project
Research Topics in Business Administration
Start researching as soon as possible by gathering as much information as you can. Choose updated information and make sure your sources are credible.
See also: 50+ Free/Freemium Online and Mobile Research Tools: Collaboration, Brainstorming, Notetaking, Annotation, File Storage
Once you have selected your management capstone project idea, make sure you get your professor to approve it.
Write out a step-by-step plan for completing your capstone project, complete with deadlines and milestones to keep yourself on track. This will help you avoid rushing at the last minute.
Complete the First Draft
Give yourself plenty of time to complete the first draft and outline your topic. Enlist the help of a proofreader or a fellow student to look for errors.
While your business management capstone project is indeed the culmination of all the efforts you have put into your program, it should also be personally satisfying to you. Breathe and let yourself be present so you can enjoy the process.
In summary, here are a few dos and don’ts when it comes to working on your capstone project :
Five Excellent Business Management Capstone Project Ideas
In this next section, we present five topic ideas for your final capstone. Each of these topics can act as a starting point to begin your project. Thanks to the versatility of the choices, it is safe to say that most, if not all, prospective entrepreneurs will find something that sparks their curiosity. You will also notice that each of the administration capstone topics below can be further broken down into dozens of sub-questions worthy of extensive research.
Globalization in Business
Importance of cultural awareness, growing role of technology, why countless start-ups fail in the united states, salary negotiation with entry level roles.
The term globalization entered the business sphere a few decades ago and has not stopped growing ever since. The recent trade war between the United States and China, which employed countless tariffs, is a perfect testament to this. Even with over 7,200 miles between these two regions, both countries found a way to impact each others’ markets. Thus, globalization has undoubtedly reached a point where consumer goods and services are facing very lenient laws of cross-border operations. A capstone topic in this area would be a great starting point because students can subsequently modify it however they please to avoid plagiarizing.
According to Forbes , corporate culture is one of the key influencers of employees’ performance levels, motivation, and workplace atmosphere. Unfortunately, a lot of large organizations lack the necessary cultural awareness. Some historical examples include conglomerates such as Best Buy, eBay, and even Google. Trying to expand to areas where their services are not commonly used cost all of those brands millions of dollars. Thus, choosing to research such patterns and finding an innovative question to answer here can be another excellent business administration capstone topic.
Other than globalization, the implementation of technology is probably the only other trend that has such an aggressive track record. Just consider, for example, how Amazon was able to enter the market dominated by eBay and completely overtake it relatively quickly. While they have been in business since the 90s, it took just a few years for them to become the industry leader based on their inventions of Prime services such as the next-day delivery. Therefore, focusing the capstone topic around technology in business would be a great chance to explore patterns such as the one mentioned above.
According to the U.S. Small Business Administration Office of Advocacy , approximately one-third of all companies make it to the 10-year mark of existence. The list of reasons that cause this is extremely long and includes everything from an apparent lack of planning to overly zealous expansions. Students who may want to have their own business one day should certainly look into this area. Doing so can help them learn the ins and outs of starting a new venture and some of the most common mistakes that should be avoided.
Finally, one of the most under-explored topics for all college majors goes back to salary negotiations for recent graduates. Since business administration students can effectively tie their capstone course to this topic, they have a perfect chance to explore it thoroughly. Some great points to analyze would include proper ways to approach professional negotiations, why many individuals do not negotiate at all, and what leverage newly graduated folks have. Besides securing a solid topic, choosing salary negotiation will be perfect for anyone interested in maximizing their earnings early on.
Final Thoughts—Presenting Your Project
In most instances, your capstone will conclude with some sort of presentation. This may be done with a group of peers, faculty members, or both. The purpose of the presentation is so you can showcase your hard work. Your audience will also raise questions and offer some suggestions or critique your work.
Often, the presentations themselves will be open to the public, and if students have been performing work within a specific organization, shareholders from that organization might attend. Most students don’t just read verbatim. Most use visual tools like PowerPoint to supplement their findings.
If you are nervous about your presentation, be sure to give yourself plenty of time to practice and perfect everything so you can feel confident when the big day arrives.
Lastly, be proud of all you have accomplished and bask in the knowledge of a job well done. Hopefully, it will be the first of many successful business presentations and a fantastic finish to your business administration program.
25 Most Affordable Online Master’s of Business Administration Degrees
35 Best Affordable Online Business Administration Degree Programs (Bachelor’s)
50 Most Entrepreneurial Schools in America
Choose An Online School
Make sure there's no plagiarism in your paper
Write your essays better and faster with free samples
Generate citations for your paper free of charge
125 Best Capstone Project Ideas for Students
Updated 01 Feb 2023
What is the hardest part of writing a top-notch capstone project? You are going to face many pitfalls and difficulties as you are writing this academic paper but the hardest trial is awaiting you at the very beginning. Pushing yourself to start the work is the hardest part, and one of the most responsible steps here is to choose a good topic that will help to show your full potential. Choosing weak topics can lead to failure. Therefore, we have prepared a list of the best capstone project ideas to help you make the right choice! Need help writing a law essay? Hire our law essay writing service and get help from the best.
How To Choose Topic For Capstone Project?
The choice of a topic is a big and responsible step in writing any academic capstone project, so it is important not to make a fatal mistake. If you also feel stuck, we have a few effective tips to help you get started. A capstone project can be a tricky type of paper so you may need to find out how to buy assignments online .
First of all, keep in mind that the right topic will help you write an outstanding capstone paper and get a deserved high grade. Good topic ideas will give you a possibility to demonstrate the skills and knowledge you’ve gained through the course, so you should approach this step carefully. Then you should remember that a good theme should be valuable, relevant, and interesting (most importantly for you). Your theme should be specific. You can choose narrative speech topics on our site. Choosing a too broad one is not a good idea because it also has to be manageable. Finally, your theme should present a REAL problem, and your goal will be to develop solutions for it and support them with strong arguments.
Here are the main steps you should take to choose great topic ideas:
- Brainstorm to generate some interesting ideas or look for some examples online;
- Study relevant literature to see what researches were already conducted on your ideas and what information is available;
- Choose the most engaging idea to narrow your focus;
- Consult with your adviser.
Need more writing assistance?
Connect with our top writers and receive a paper sample crafted to your needs.
Ideas Of Capstone Project Topics For Students
If you are just about to start your own capstone project, we suggest you take a look at our list of top high school senior capstone project examples to help you find a good topic ideas example.
You can be interested: The 125 Descriptive Speech Topics : The Easiest Way Writing a Descriptive Essay
Best Capstone Engineering Project Ideas
- Gear based quick return mechanism
- Motorized chain mechanism
- Remote control car
- A robotic arm controlled with android
- Pedal-powered water purifier
- Development of electric hybrid motorcycle
- Solar panels and their directional control
- Red traffic light detector system
- Use of solar energy in our everyday life
- Advantages and disadvantages of electric energy
Nursing Capstone Project Ideas
- Medical emergencies: a review of the best critical care practices
- Nursing Shortage
- Concept and evidence-based practices for nurse leaders
- Best practices for healthcare workers to deal with critical care patients and emergencies
- Nurse Anesthesia
- The role of nurse practitioner in primary care
- Point-of-care testing
- Patient-focused approach
- Pain management
- Asthma care and education for nurses
If you need help with any of these themes, you can turn to our service.
Information Technology Capstone Project Ideas
- Systems of object recognition
- Effective plans for IT emergency recovery
- Top practices for managing records and documents
- Stock management software systems
- Networking security issues
- All system for business decision-making purpose
- Intelligent systems of voice recognition
- Best practices for software quality assurance
- Challenges in computer security
Computer Science Capstone Project Ideas
- The best programming languages
- Image processing
- Cybersecurity: Designing a safe mobile app
- Designing an automated registration software
- The use of stock prediction with neural networks
- Designing a web-based survey system
- Use of smartphone interface for e-medical record and management systems
- Developing an automated system for market-based analysis
- Detection and classification of bacteria using an image
- The use of game theory for analyzing the algorithmst
MBA Capstone Project Ideas
- Define effective algorithms for determining consumer buying behavior
- Benefits of e-learning for professional certification
- Deep analysis of (choose a company) marketing strategies
- Compare and suggest branding strategies for customer engagement
- Analyze and compare retail product display ratio within the most successful US companies
- Definition of brand management and analysis of the best strategies
- Develop a marketing strategy and execution plan
- Analyze effective content marketing strategies that use social media
- Best practices for total quality administration
- Conduct an analysis of customer engagement for a chose company
Read also: 70 Best Sociology Research Topics
Accounting Capstone Project Ideas
- Efficient accounting systems for fixed assets and equipment
- Development of major accounting theories
- The role of ethical decision making
- Leases related accounting theories
- Accounting for sales and income
- Taxes related accounting theories
- Proprietorship accounting
- Financial stamen applications
- Income-related accounting theories
- Accounting theories for applied management
Management Capstone Project Ideas
- Evaluation of free clinic process
- The role of project management in effective political campaigns
- The practice of ethical thinking in administration
- Modern strategies for rate of return and capital investment
- The importance of conflict administration for big companies
- Development of an effective corporate strategy
- Problem thinking approach in business
- How does capital structure affects corporate strategy?
- Project management in promotion campaigns
- The importance of relationships with suppliers
Education Capstone Project Ideas
- Adapting project-based learning in schools
- Challenges and perspectives of education
- The effectiveness of co-teaching
- Social-emotional learning: strategies and standards
- Smartboard activities for students’ engagement
- Mindfulness practices for elementary students: meaning and strategies
- Challenges in the communication of students and teachers
- Virtual classroom: benefits and ways of adopting it at schools
- Advantages and disadvantages of e-learning
- Academic use of technology and social media in the classrooms
Marketing Capstone Project Ideas
- How does national culture help countries to promote exports?
- Channel development strategies
- Importance of customer relationship administration
- How to increase brand awareness?
- Effective administration techniques for e-commerce store
- The influence of toll-free phones on customers’ response to a promotion
- Modern trends in online marketing
- The effectiveness of online advertising
- How do loyalty programs influence customers?
- Green marketing: definition and major strategies
Hopefully, our list of sample ideas for capstone ideas helped you find inspiration for starting your own capstone project! Keep in mind the tips we gave you for choosing a suitable idea, and you will succeed!
What if you can’t complete your capstone paper ? Sometimes, even if you have chosen a brilliant capstone project idea, this does not mean that you are doomed to succeed. This is a complex task that not everyone can handle. However, we have a solution! EduBirdie.com helps students keep up with all of their academic assignments and get the highest grades with ease. Why choose EduBirdie.com? Because we have numerous benefits for you:
- Excellent quality;
- Only native speaking writers;
- Support 24/7;
- Pocket-friendly prices;
- 100% original papers;
- All types of assignments available including essay, research paper, dissertation proposal, capstone projects, and many others.
Submitting an A-worthy capstone project is simple with us, so, if you have faced any issues with writing your capstone papers, do not hesitate and use our writing service at EduBirdie.com!
Was this helpful?
Thanks for your feedback.
Written by Julius Sim
As an experienced Data Analyst, Julius never stops analyzing things, which makes him a good writer who provides his share of analytical skills. As a responsible person with a strong civil position, he likes writing about social issues, healthy lifestyle, culture, volunteering, and education. Using his experience of being a leader in numerous student clubs, Julius likes sharing helpful tips to assist students and educators alike.
Related Blog Posts
100 education capstone project ideas to get you inspired.
A capstone project is one of the most important projects for all students. The final assignment is the summit of all of their hard work throughout ...
Our Best Picks Of Capstone Project Ideas for Information Technology
A capstone project, capstone experience, senior exhibition, or culminating project is an essential academic assignment for students. This culminati...
Receive regular updates, discounts, study guides and more
You have subscribed to EduBirdie news.
Thanks for subscribing!
Check your inbox to verify your email.
- Monash Online
Monash Business School
- Future students Future students
- MBA programs MBA programs
- Executive education Executive education
- Current students Current students
- Our research
- Departments and research centres Departments and research centres
- Networks of Excellence Networks of Excellence
- Impact Labs
- About us About us
- Our people Our people
- Our events Our events
- Digital Lab Digital Lab
- Energy Lab Energy Lab
- Green Lab Green Lab
- Opportunity Tech Lab Opportunity Tech Lab
- Our projects
- Publications and working papers
- Apps and tools
- Connect with us Connect with us
- Monash Business and Sustainability Network Monash Business and Sustainability Network
- Our researchers
- Research staff Research staff
- Publications Publications
- Graduate research students and supervisors Graduate research students and supervisors
- Previous PhD Candidates and Placements Previous PhD Candidates and Placements
- Work with us Work with us
- Graduate research program
- PhD programs
- How to apply How to apply
- About the PhD program About the PhD program
- Research expertise Research expertise
- Scholarships and fees Scholarships and fees
- Professional development and support programs Professional development and support programs
- Graduate research pathways Graduate research pathways
- Joint research awards Joint research awards
- Master of Philosophy Master of Philosophy
- Pacific Action for Climate Transitions (PACT)
- Impact Labs Impact Labs
- Industry & alumni
- Alumni Alumni
- Partnerships, Alliances and Advisory Boards
- Partnerships and alliances Partnerships and alliances
- Advisory Boards Advisory Boards
- Global Education Partners Global Education Partners
- Thrive Global Thrive Global
- Woodside Monash Energy Partnership Woodside Monash Energy Partnership
- Engage with our students Engage with our students
- Latest news Latest news
- Impact thought leadership Impact thought leadership
- International Women's Day 2023 International Women's Day 2023
- Impact publication Impact publication
- Upcoming events Upcoming events
- Webinar series Webinar series
- Our story Our story
- Rankings and accreditations Rankings and accreditations
- Principles for Responsible Management Education Principles for Responsible Management Education
- Equity, diversity and social inclusion Equity, diversity and social inclusion
It is the University’s expectation that only those who are well and not presenting with COVID-19 symptoms attend a Monash campus or location. View our latest updates .
- Skip to content
- Skip to navigation
Industry consulting projects
Getting involved in an industry consulting project is a great way to give your studies a practical focus, while earning credit at the same time.
Industry consulting projects involve teams of up to 5 students from various business degree specialisations working with industry partners to solve real business problems which mirrors the kind of work graduates would be doing as business consultants in their professional careers. Projects are diverse and may include:
- Financial tasks such as analysing resourcing, funding, risk, compliance and governance, tax management and business law
- Marketing, both internal and external, business development, strategic planning and communications
- Relationship building with your host organisation and external suppliers and contacts
- Human resources and people management, drafting of policies and OH&S
- Researching, gathering data and making recommendations and presentations to the host organisation
Students work directly with each organisation and are supported by an academic supervisor to complete their project.
Consulting project units run in all semesters throughout the year.
Consulting project units.
The workload for most projects will be equivalent to 20 days for a 6 credit point unit and 30 days for a 12 credit point unit, though this may vary slightly according to the team, project and organisation.
- BEX3350/3351 Consulting project
- BEX3450/3451 Consulting project
- BEX5006 - Consulting project
- BEX5112 - Consulting project
Monash works with a variety of host organisations and we are always working to onboard new hosts with exciting new projects.
Organisations who have previously hosted include:
- Australia Myanmar Institute
- Food Next Door
- Innovation Youth Centre
- Melbourne Maritime Heritage Network
Work with students from other faculties
Projects are sometimes offered for students from different faculties to work together. Click on the link to go to the relevant project page for more information on the project and how to apply.
- Monash Industry Team Initiative (MITI)
- Monash Food Innovation Project
2023 Application dates
*Winter, Summer A and Term 1 - Monash sourced Industry Consulting Project units are not offered in these periods.*
How to apply view, step 1 - eligibility.
It is your responsibility to ensure that you have available credit points in your course to fit your IE unit. IE units can usually be taken in place of elective or capstone units, or a combination of both.
We encourage you to use the Monash University handbook from the year you started your course and MonPlan for guidance.
Step 2 - Prepare your IE application and supporting document
You will need to provide your updated resume. Please save the file as a Word document and name the file as: First Name - Last Name - Student ID - Resume.doc
Career Connect can provide you with assistance on writing your resume in workshops and online assistance.
We will use your responses to the Placement Proposal questions below to assess your application and shortlist you. Your responses may also be shared with the host organisation. You’ll notice that the questions may ask for different things depending on whether you are applying for a placement or a project so be mindful you respond to the right part. Please see the questions below with some information on what we need to know:
Please consider the sort of organisation you would like to consult for (eg. not-for-profit or community organisation, small to medium enterprise, Big 4) and problems you would like to solve (eg. revenue generation, improving communications, policy and governance)
You will need to provide information on key areas for development and improvement that this consulting project will provide and how these specific skills will apply to your future career (e.g. technical skills, communication skills, teamwork). You could also think about how this experience will help you secure your next role or dream job.
In this section you should be able to provide us with at least two personal and professional goals which will be supported by the consulting project. You might want to think about your personal growth areas or personality traits which could be improved (eg, being more outgoing and speaking up or, for more outgoing types, letting others be heard and encouraging quieter team members to share their thoughts). Be sure to include at least one of each to answer completely and dot points are fine.
In this section you will need to describe how the consulting project will relate to your course or major. Given that consulting projects are team based, your group may all have different majors so think about what your background could bring. You could also include valuable insights from your work or volunteer experience.
Step 3 - Submit your application
- Once you have completed the required documents, you can begin your online application.
- To submit your application log into your Monash student placement portal (InPlace) and submit an online WIL placement application. For assistance with your online application, see the step-by-step guide .
- Your Placement proposal: Upload your responses to the proposal questions. This will be used to assess your application and match you with the most suitable consulting project.
- Please complete all information requested in the online application form, including the unit you are planning to enrol in.
- Please ensure you upload the document listed in Step 2 . Please note: You will need to upload your resume and complete your proposal questions at the same time. See the step-by-step guide for more details.
- You may apply for an onshore unit and an offshore unit, however, applying for more than one opportunity will NOT improve your chance of a successful outcome.
- If you apply for more than one opportunity, one application will be considered and the other application in the same teaching period will be automatically rejected.
Step 4 - Application assessment
What to expect:
- After your application has been submitted, we will send you an application acknowledgement email.
- Your eligibility will be assessed and your application will be checked to ensure we have all the information we need. We’ll contact you if we need further information.
- If you progress to stage two, you will be asked to complete an online video interview as part of the application – to prepare for this, please use the Career Connect Interview Stream tool to access IE application practice interview questions.
- Once matching begins, we will reach out via email to confirm that you are still interested and available to undertake a project. This is to ensure that if your situation changes, you do not disadvantage your group by withdrawing at a later stage. If you confirm that you are still interested and available, the IE team will proceed with matching you to a group.
- The IE Team will then work to find the project which best aligns to the information you have provided in the placement proposal whilst also mixing you up with students from other backgrounds. Due to the volume of applications, this may take a few weeks but we will keep you updated.
- Finally, the IE Team will confirm your project and invite you to a compulsory Induction Session where you meet your teammates, host organisation representative and project supervisor.
Please remember that this is a very competitive process and if you do not respond to communications from the IE Team, you will not be considered for a consulting project.
Step 5 - Outcome advice, placement agreements and enrolment
After the IE Team has completed matching, we’ll get in touch to let you know the final outcome of your application. This may be as late as O-week depending on when you submitted your application and the type of project you are applying for.
We’ll send you a confirmation email with a Placement Agreement attached. You will need to sign and return the Placement Agreement via InPlace to finalise the application process and accept the placement. Once the signed agreement is received your enrolment will be processed and you’ll need to confirm it in WES.
Step 6 - Moodle unit assessment and information
You’ll get access to the relevant Moodle site where you’ll find all the information about your assessment.
In order for you to understand what to expect during your consulting project, you are required to attend an Induction Session, which will cover important information regarding assessment and very useful workplace information.
You will receive details of the session in your placement confirmation email.
Frequently asked questions View
Is this a credit bearing unit.
Yes. Depending on the unit you choose, it will be worth 6, 12 or 24 credit points.
Can this unit be done instead of a capstone unit?
This unit is listed as part of the capstone suite of units for those courses that require this type of capstone. Specialist degrees will have a specific mandatory capstone.
Do consulting projects run in every teaching period?
Yes, consulting projects normally run in Summer A, Summer B, Semester 1, Winter and Semester 2 throughout the year, with the exception of Winter 2020.
Can I apply for both a placement and a consulting project?
No, it is not possible to apply for both units in the same teaching period. However, if you have enough space in your course you could do a placement in one teaching period and a consulting project in another.
Can I choose my project or see the list of projects before applying?
Unfortunately no. Each teaching period is different with different clients and projects becoming available throughout the year. Some projects also contain confidential and proprietary information so cannot be shared until student groups are confirmed.
How does the IE Team decide which project group I go into?
The IE Team uses your proposal questions and video interview responses to understand your preferences as well as your major and unit to match you to a group and project that is available in your teaching period. This is why it is important to put a lot of effort into your application.
Will I always be placed on a project specifically related to my major?
No. The IE team will consider your major however consulting projects are designed to be relevant to all students from Business and Commerce degrees. The IE Team also aim to mix students from different majors to ensure that the client gets a full range of skills and students can learn from their peers who think differently. Finally, it will also depend on what the IE Team have available in that teaching period.
Does everyone who applies get accepted?
Like placements, consulting project applications are a competitive process and success is based on your proposal questions, video interview and projects available. That being said, we have traditionally received fewer project applications which has made it more likely that students will be successful.
Why do organisations decide to host consulting projects?
There are a number of reasons that host organisations choose to host consulting projects. In some cases, they may not have the required expertise or resources to solve a problem, or they may need a group of students to discover and explain to them what the problem really is. In other cases, they may want an external perspective from someone outside of the organisation who can bring fresh ideas and insights.
Will the assessments be marked individually or as a group?
Project units include a mix of both individual and group assessments.
How often will I meet with my academic supervisor?
For most projects, these meetings usually occur weekly although you are able to contact your supervisor between meetings.
When will I first meet my client and group?
Once the IE Team confirms that you have been successful, you will attend an induction session where you will meet your group and a representative from your host organisation. You will also meet your academic supervisor who will take you through the assessments and how best to succeed in the unit.
Past consulting project examples View
While projects change every semester, below are some examples of projects students have completed in the past.
Deductible Gift Recipient (DGR) application
The organisation is a start-up not-for-profit with an aim to improve employment and life outcomes for young people, especially those in Melbourne's growth corridors which are often lacking in support services. It has planned a suite of programs that encourage young people to take initiative with appropriate support and guidance.
The organisation is currently volunteer run and while it has substantial notional support and goodwill, and is bidding for government grant funding, it currently has no regular or recurrent funding. Key to attracting new funding is the acquisition of Deductible Gift Recipient (DGR) status, which usually requires approval from the Australian Tax Office (ATO). DGR status allows for donations to the organisation to be used as an income tax deduction by donors and introduces additional tax benefits to the organisation’s employees.
The host organisation is a medium sized manufacturer who has identified a gap in the market to sell their existing product in smaller quantities to smaller businesses. Larger manufacturers in their industry have dismissed this market as unprofitable in the past.
The project would begin with a competitor analysis, then a market survey and meetings with industry to establish demand for the new product and identify target market contacts. A business plan will then be developed including a budget profit and loss over time and an analysis of the logistics of operation, and marketing plan to cover pricing, target markets and advertising possibilities. Finally the team will deliver their recommendations to the host on whether or not this idea is profitable.
The organisation is an independent media company with a focus on community service promotion. They are self-funded however revenue is falling and they have proactively identified a need to build capital to sustain the business. Their vision is to grow into a true knowledge hub, using platforms of podcasts, radio, TV, online, e-news, conferences, training, workshops and a website portal.
The project will involve building a cohesive communications strategy that serves this transition. This communication strategy should include the analysis of the host’s target audiences, key messaging and recommended channels to ensure continuous, relevant and timely communications to all our stakeholders. The strategy will also identify target markets and market segments, analyse the current audience and clarify the value proposition of the organisation, and the most cost-effective and sustainable products and services that connect with the target market.
Social media evaluation
The host is a registered charity managed by a community based board of directors. Their vision is to preserve and publicly display memorabilia and to work with youth developing knowledge in the maritime history area.
The aim of this project is to iInvestigate the advantages of social media in promoting and developing the host’s vision, develop an understanding of the current capability of the organisation and identify their target audience. Furthermore, the team will identify the best Social Media opportunities available to promote the host’s activity with a view to building interest and membership, identify where grants may be available to support Social Media Development and finally share recommendations on a system to monitor the effectiveness of Social Media use.
Sunny, a double degree in Commerce and Global Studies student, shares the benefits of undertaking a consulting project through the Monash Business School.
Get in touch
Have questions about internships eligibility, specific opportunities or the application process? Contact us via Monash Connect.
Best capstone project examples by expert writers
Our brilliance can only be proven if you see our capstone project examples with your own eyes.
Figure out the cost of the service supported by rock-solid guarantees.
We write from scratch, check project originality with Copyleaks & Copyscape, and prove it with originality reports.
You cooperate with a topic-relevant expert who holds a PhD or MA degree and has 4+ years of writing experience.
Get week-after-week assistance with your assignments from the same expert in accordance with the project’s timeline.
Your experience with us is a secret, and the expert gets money after you accept the work. In trouble, a refund is made.
Our capstone project writers
- Experts with research experience
- PhD/MA degree holders
- At list 4 years in writing
Useful Information About Capstone Project Sample
How to Perfectly Use a Capstone Project Sample
You might have one of the best sample projects with you but fail to capitalize on this simply because you do not know how to use it. One of the main reasons for using a sample project is so that you can have an idea of what is needed in your project. So the first thing you need to learn from the sample you have is the writing format used to create that sample. Each project has its own designated format and failure to follow the appropriate format may result in submitting a poor quality project which is something you want to avoid by all means. You should, therefore, use the sample to learn on the format you use and make sure to follow that format when writing your project.
Capstone Project Sample
Vitamin B12 is also referred to as cobalamin and it identifies a water-soluble vitamin utilized within the normal neurological function together with the development of the red blood cells. B12 is also identified as a cofactor within two metabolic pathways as it is utilized within the conversion of homocysteine together with methionine and within the conversion of methylmalonic acid (MMA) to succinyl-CoA (Alemras et al. 2007). The main sources of B12 include animal products such as meat, poultry, fish, and milk; fortified foods including breakfast cereal together with B12 supplements. The recommended allowance does not incorporate a tolerable upper intake limit, as there is limited research on the toxicity capacity and limited data supporting the stipulation of an upper limit. Vitamin B12 is vital as it comprises an important element in DNA synthesis and individual neurological functioning. This necessitates the continuous intake of the vitamin to enhance the prevention of possible hematologic and neuropsychiatric disorders upon lack of continued intake of the vitamin.
Through the analysis of the American and European intake of the vitamin, the intake levels identified to meet the stipulated recommended daily allowance. However, keenness has to be observed regarding the absorption levels to ensure that individuals meet the required levels. This is particularly vital for vegetarians, as they do not consume animal products, which create the bulk of Vitamin B12 sources. In addition, individuals under any form of medication, gastrointestinal patients, individuals over 50 years of age and anyone experiencing poor bouts of health remain at risk of having low levels of Vitamin B12 within their systems. Lack of vitamin B12 is influenced by poor adherence of the dietary stipulations leads to the identification of vitamin B12 deficiency among individuals.
Vitamin D is regarded as a unique hormone as it may be produced within the skin through increased exposure to sunlight. Vitamin D is identified in two main forms: D2 and D3. Vitamin D2 is obtained through the UV irradiation of the yeast sterol ergosterol, which is naturally identified within sun-exposed mushrooms. Vitamin D3 synthesis process occurs within the skin and is identified within several oil-rich fish including salmon, mackerel, and herring. It is also available in synthesized form from the cholesterol precursor 7-dehydrocholesterol, which is identified within the skin and may be obtained from lanolin. Vitamin D2 and D3 are utilized in the food fortification process and also within vitamin D supplements. The ingested vitamin D is integrated within chylomicrons that are consequently absorbed within the lymphatic system through the blood. Vitamin D ingested through the skin or diet remains biologically inert, which necessitates hydroxylation within the liver through the use of the vitamin D-25-hydroxylase to 25 (OH) D (3, 8). This necessitates further hydroxylation of 25 (OH) D within the kidneys through the use of 25 (OH)-1-OHase (CYP27B1) to develop a biologically active form of vitamin D 1, 25 (OH)2 D. This enhances the interaction processes with vitamin D nuclear receptor in existence within the small intestine, kidneys together with other tissues within the body. 1, 25 (OH) 2 D influences the absorption of intestinal calcium. This identifies vitamin D as a vital element in the absorption of calcium and phosphorous as a lack of the vitamin would identify 10 to 15% absorption of dietary calcium and 60% absorption of phosphorus. This identifies that vitamin D sufficiency influences calcium and phosphorous absorption by up to 30-40% and 80% respectively. Through increased interactions between 1, 25 (OH) 2 D and the vitamin B receptor within the osteoblast enhance the stimulation of the expression of receptor activator of a nuclear factor-kB ligand. This enhances the interaction with the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB aimed at inducing immature monocytes to develop into mature osteoclasts that influence the dissolution of the matrix leading to increased production of calcium together with other minerals from the skeleton. The above identifies that the vitamin D receptor remains present within the majority of the tissues and cells within the body thus providing 1, 25 (OH) 2 D with a myriad of biological functions including the inhibition of cellular proliferation and the inducing of terminal differentiation, the inhibition of renin production and the stimulation of macrophage cathelicidin production. The above seeks to identify that vitamin D is vital within the body as it enhances the regulation of cell growth, bone formation, immune function, increased muscle strength, hair growth, fighting off infections and the reduction of risk of autoimmune diseases.
Background and Significance of the Problem
Vitamin B12 deficiency can influence the identification of numerous hematologic and neuropsychiatric disorders, which may, however, be reversed upon the identification of early diagnosis and immediate treatment. However, the exact prevalence levels of vitamin B12 within the general population remain unknown. However, the incidence is identified as increasing with age. A study conducted by Packer et al. (2007) identified that 15% of adults who were older than 65 years projected high deficiencies of vitamin B12. Continued ubiquitous utilization of gastric acid-blocking agents influences the identified decreased levels of vitamin B12, which influence the increased levels of vitamin B12 deficiency realized. Through the analysis of the increasing use of the gents coupled with an increasingly aging population among the developed nations, the actual prevalence of vitamin B12 may be identified higher in comparison to the provided statistics. The common symptoms of B12 deficiency include neuropathic (paresthesia, numbness, and weakness), myelopathic (abnormal gait), cerebral (dementia, depression, memory loss) and in dire cases, the deficiency is identified as hematologic whereby the patient suffers from severe anemia. In addition, vitamin B12 deficiency has been linked to indirect cardiovascular effects. Vitamin B12 deficiency may enhance the production of hyperhomocysteinemia, which identifies a risk factor for atherosclerotic disease. Folic acid supplementation is provided to influence the reduction of homocysteine levels as an avenue utilized in the prevention of coronary artery disease. However, there has been limited emphasis on the role of vitamin B12 deficiency in the development of cardiovascular disease. This possibility is increasingly vital in the consideration of vitamin replacement therapy as folic acid supplementation may hide a growing vitamin B12 deficiency, which will influence the progression of the experienced neurologic disease. This necessitates the determination of vitamin B12 deficiency prior to the initiation of folic acid therapy.
In the human body system, two enzyme reactions remain dependent upon vitamin B12. The first reaction involves the conversion of methylmalonic acid into succinyl-CoA through the utilization of B12 as a cofactor. This identifies that vitamin B12 deficiency may influence the identification of increased levels of serum methylmalonic acid. The second reaction involves the conversion of homocysteine to methionine through the utilization of vitamin B12 together with folic acid as the cofactors. In this reaction, the identification of a deficiency in vitamin B12 or folic acid may influence the identification of increased levels of homocysteine. This necessitates the development of an intricate understanding of vitamin B12’s absorption cycle to provide a better analysis of the potential causes of deficiency. The existence of the acidic environment within the stomach influences the breakdown of B12 identified within the food. Through the release of the intrinsic factor by the parietal cells within the stomach, vitamin B12 remains bound to the duodenum. The intrinsic factor influences the absorption of vitamin B12 within the terminal ileum. There also exists an alternate system of vitamin B12 absorption that does not require the intrinsic factor as influences the binding of vitamin B12 upon absorption to transcobalamin II, which is consequently transported throughout the body. Therefore, interruption of either step places an individual at a high risk of developing a deficiency.
Vitamin D deficiency is characterized by the identification of inadequate provision of minerals to the skeleton. In children, vitamin D deficiency influences the development of rickets, which involves the widening at the end of the long bones, rachitic rosary together with other deformations within the skeleton including outward and inward deformities of the lower limbs leading to the identification of bowed legs and knocked-knees. Among adults, vitamin D deficiency leads to the identification of a mineralization defect within the skeleton leading to the development of osteomalacia. In addition, vitamin D deficiency among adults initiates the mobilization of calcium from the skeleton leading to the development of porotic bone. The identification of a change within the production of vitamin D3 may influence the identification of a vitamin D deficient state. Additionally, the identification of any alterations within the 1, 25 (OH) 2 D within its receptor may influence the identification of vitamin D3 deficiency, which is characterized by metabolic bone disease together with the manifestation of a myriad of biochemical abnormalities. As previously identified vitamin D deficiency influences the identification of a decrease in the levels of ionized calcium within the blood, which influences the identification of an increase in the production and secretion capacity of PTH. PTH influences the mobilization of calcium the skeleton, which enhances the conservation of renal loss of calcium leading to the identification of an increase in the renal excretion of phosphorus. This leads to the identification of normal fasting serum calcium with low-normal serum phosphorous.
Statement of the Problem
Increased deficiency levels of vitamin B12 and vitamin D3 levels within the body necessitate the integration of further research and analysis regarding the importance of conducting regular check up on the existent levels among individuals.
Statement of the Purpose
This study seeks to provide a conclusive analysis regarding the importance of checking the levels of vitamin B12 and vitamin D3 levels within the body. This will be enhanced through the integration of a conclusive analysis of the deficiency levels identified through the analysis of the healthy and unhealthy levels required within the body. This study will incorporate analysis from previous research conducted by several authors within the field, who have provided an analysis of the diagnosis, causes of deficiency and the most preferred follow-up procedure that may be incorporated. The study will incorporate a literature review section, which will provide an analysis of the importance of checking vitamin B12 and vitamin D3 as conducted by other researchers within the field. This is vital for the study as it will enhance the provision of a wide array of data that will provide conclusive analysis from the past, present and future efforts that may be integrated to limit the levels of deficiency experienced. The study will also incorporate a methodology section, which will outline the data collection methods to be utilized within the study, which provide great relevance and enhance the achievement of the study objectives. This will be followed through the integration of the findings and discussion section, which will provide an analysis of the study and enhance the development of the study recommendations and conclusion.
Review of Literature
The diagnosis of B12 has over time developed its basis upon the analysis of low serum vitamin B12 levels, which are identified at less than 200pg per mL together with the analysis of the available clinical evidence pertaining to the disease. However, the majority of studies identify that older patients present more of neuropsychiatric disease in the absence of hematologic findings. In addition, the provision of measurements of metabolites including methylmalonic acid and homocysteine are identified more sensitive to the diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency in comparison to the individual measurement of serum B12 levels. A recent study conducted on 406 patients with vitamin B12 deficiency indicated that 98.4% had elevated serum methylmalonic acid levels with 95.9% identified as having elevated serum homocysteine levels. Only one patient from the 406 had indicated normal levels of both metabolites, which raised the sensitivity level to 99.8% at the period when the methylmalonic acid and homocysteine levels are utilized during the diagnosis. Twenty-eight percent of the patients within the study exhibited normal hematocrit levels with 17% identifying normal mean corpuscular volumes. In a study conducted by Lin et al. (2011) regarding patients with known pernicious anemia who had not been provided with the necessary maintenance levels of vitamin B12 injections for a period spanning several months to years, they exhibited an increase in methylmalonic acid together with decreased levels of hematocrit. The findings from the study identify that methylmalonic acid and homocysteine levels may be utilized as early markers for tissue vitamin B12 prior to the identification of hematologic indications.
Continued utilization of methylmalonic acid and homocysteine levels within the diagnosis of vitamin B12 deficiency has enhanced the provision of varied results. In the event that increased homocysteine or methylmalonic acid levels or through the normalization of the metabolites in response to replacement therapy, they are utilized as diagnostic criteria for vitamin B12 deficiency. The majority of the patients subjected to the process accounting for 50% have identified high levels of serum vitamin B12. This espouses that the utilization of a low serum vitamin B12 level as the main diagnosis may eliminate half of the patients with actual tissue B12 deficiency.
Causes of Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Factors influencing the identification of vitamin B12 deficiency are incorporated into three main categories: nutritional deficiency, malabsorption syndromes together with other gastrointestinal causes.
The main dietary sources for vitamin B12 include meat and dairy products. In a typical diet, an individual derives 5 to 15 mcg of vitamin B12 on a daily basis, which is identified higher than the recommended daily dosage stipulated at 2 mcg. This identifies that the majority of individuals maintain a high vitamin B12 reserve, which has the capability of lasting two to five years. However, nutritional deficiency may be identified within certain populations. For instance, elderly patients who regularly take up tea and toast diets and consume high levels of alcohol are identified as having a higher risk for vitamin B12 deficiency. In addition, the dietary stipulations followed by strict vegetarians place them at high risk of experiencing stipulated deficiency levels.
The main disorder identified within this category is the pernicious anemia, which refers to an autoimmune disease that affects the gastric parietal cells. Therefore, any form of destruction identified among these cells limits the effective production of intrinsic factor, which limits the absorption levels identified regarding vitamin B12. Laboratory evidence incorporated regarding parietal cell antibodies is identified at 85% to 90% sensitive regarding the diagnosis of pernicious anemia. However, the majority of tests identify that the presence of parietal cell antibodies remains nonspecific and occurring within other autoimmune states. The intrinsic factor antibody is identified as being 50% sensitive but is identified as being highly specific for the diagnosis of pernicious anemia. In addition, a Schilling test may be utilized in the development of a distinction among intrinsic factor-related malabsorption in the diagnosis process of pernicious anemia. Schilling test results have been used over time to enhance the determination process regarding whether the patient requires parenteral or oral vitamin B12 supplementation. However, the development of this distinction is rendered unnecessary as the majority of the recent evidence espouses towards the utilization of a B12 absorption pathway that remains independent of intrinsic factors. In addition, several studies have identified that oral replacement is identified equal in efficacy to intramuscular therapy. However, several studies espouse that successful treatment may also be realized through the utilization of oral replacement therapy. This has enhanced the development of several questions regarding the utility of the Schilling test as it is regarded as complicated to perform. This has rendered the identification of vitamin B12 difficult together with increased complexities within the results interpretation process for patients suffering from renal insufficiency. The process of food-bound malabsorption is identified when vitamin B12 bound to protein within food is incapable of being cleaved and released. This is influenced by the integration of any process that provides some level of interference with gastric acid production that may lead to the identification of certain levels of impairment. Atrophic gastritis together with hypochlorhydria is regarded as a major cause among the elderly. In addition, subtotal gastrectomy may influence the identification of vitamin B12 deficiency. Widespread and prolonged use of histamine H2-receptor blockers together with proton pump inhibitors for ulcer disease influence irregular breakdown of vitamin B12 from food leading to increased malabsorption and consequent depletion of B12 levels within the body.
Recent studies espouse that long-term utilization of omeprazole may influence the identification of decreased levels of serum vitamin B12 levels. However, more studies require to be incorporated to enhance the identification of the incidence and prevalence of vitamin B12 deficiency through increased screening for subclinical BB12 deficiency should be enhanced among patients who have experienced long-term acid-suppression therapy.
Patients who have exhibited vitamin B12 deficiency together with chronic gastrointestinal symptoms including dyspepsia, recurrent peptic ulcers or diarrhea necessitate the integration of an evaluation process regarding several factions including Whipple’s disease, which refers to a bacterial infection that limits the absorption levels identified within the body. In addition, the patient may be tested for Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, which influences the development of peptic ulcers and diarrhea. In addition, patients who have had a history of intestinal surgery, strictures or blind lops may identify high levels of bacterial overgrowth, which may limit the provision of the necessary amounts of vitamin B12 within the small bowel together with increased manifestation of tapeworms and other intestinal parasites. In addition, congenital transport-protein deficiency may influence the lack of vitamin B12 leading to the identification of increased deficiency levels.
Vitamin D deficiency
Vitamin D deficiency among adults is described as being endemic. There has been an increasing number in children and adolescents who are identified as being vitamin D deficient. Historically, vitamin D deficiency has been defined as a 25 (OH)D of less than 20 ng/ml. Therefore, vitamin D insufficiency is defined as 25(OH) of 21-29 ng/ml. Through the analysis of the provided definitions, several estimates identify that 20-100% of the American and European elderly men and women within the community exhibit high vitamin D deficiency levels. Vitamin deficiency is identified commonly in Australia, the Middle East, India, Africa, and South America. The deficiency levels are also identified high in the United States as 50% of the Hispanic and African-American adolescents together with 8% of white preadolescent girls exhibited 25 (OH)D below 20 ng/ml. Additionally, 42% of African-American girls and women within the ages of 15 and 49 years identified a blood level of 25 (OH) D below 15 ng/ml. Pregnant and lactating women consuming prenatal vitamins together with calcium supplements with vitamin D are identified as being at high risk for vitamin D deficiency.
Causes of Vitamin D Deficiency
The main source of vitamin D for children and adults remains as increased exposure to sunlight. This is vital as limited foods contain vitamin D. This identifies the main cause for vitamin D deficiency as limited exposure to sunlight. In addition, wearing sunscreen with sun protection limits the level of vitamin D synthesis on the skin by up to 95%. This identifies that individuals with a darker skin tone are provided with natural sun protection hence, they require three to five times longer identifying the same levels of vitamin D as individuals with white skin tone.
There exists an inverse correlation between serum 25 (OH) D and the body mass index (BMI) greater than 20k/m2, which identifies that obese individuals experience vitamin D deficiency. Patients identifying one of the fat malabsorption syndromes together with bariatric patients are identified as challenged in the absorption of fat-soluble vitamin D together with patients with nephrotic syndrome lose 25 (OH) D and remain bound to vitamin D-binding protein within the urine. In addition, patients administering a wide range of medication including anticonvulsant together with antiviral drugs are identified at higher risk as the drugs influence the catabolism of 25 (OH)D and 1,25 (OH)2D. Patients with chronic granuloma-forming disorders including some lymphomas and primary hyperparathyroidism identify high levels of a metabolism at 25 (OH) D to 1, 25 (OH) 2 D are identified at high risk of vitamin D deficiency.
References Almeras, L., Eyles, D., Benech, P. (2007). Developmental vitamin D deficiency alters brain protein expression in the adult rat: implications for neuropsychiatric disorders. Proteomics,7(5):769-80. Andres, E., Loukili, N., Noel, E., (2004). Vitamin B12 (cobalamin) deficiency in elderly patients. Can Med Assoc J, 171(3):251-259. Andres, E., Vidal-Alaball, J., Federici, L. (2007).Clinical aspects of cobalamin deficiency in elderly patients. Epidemiology, causes, clinical manifestations, and treatment with a special focus on oral cobalamin therapy. Eur J Intern Med, 18:456-462. Bodnar, M., Simhan, N., Powers, W. (2007). High prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency in black and white pregnant women residing in the northern United States and their neonates. J Nutr, 137(2):447-52. Duerksen, R., Fallows, G., Bernstein, N. (2006). Vitamin B12 malabsorption in patients with limited ileal resection. Nutrition, 22:1210-1213. Féron, F., Burne, H., Brown, J. (2005). Developmental vitamin D3 deficiency alters the adult rat brain. Brain Res Bull, 65(2):141-8. Hvas, M., Nexo, E. (2005). Holotranscobalamin – a first choice assay for diagnosing early vitamin B deficiency? J Intern Med, 2005; 257(3):287-298. Headstrom, D., Rulyak, J., & Lee, SD. (2008). Prevalence of and risk factors for vitamin B12 deficiency in patients with Crohn’s disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis, 14(2):217-223. Kwong, C., Carr, D., & Dhalla, A. (2005). Oral vitamin B12 therapy in the primary care setting: a qualitative and quantitative study of patient perspectives. BMC Fam Pract, 6 (8). Ladhani S, Srinivasan L, Buchanan C, Allgrove J. (2004). Presentation of vitamin D deficiency. Arch Dis Child, 89(8):781-4. Pajecki, D., Dalcanalle, L., & Souza de Oliveira. (2007). Follow-up of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass patients at 5 or more years postoperatively. Obesity Surgery, 17:601-607. Rucker D, Allan JA, Fick GH, Hanley DA. (2002). Vitamin D insufficiency in a population of healthy western Canadians. CMAJ, 166(12):1517-24. Roth De, Martz P, Yeo R. (2005). Are national vitamin D guidelines sufficient to maintain adequate blood levels in children? Can J Public Health, 96(6):443-9. Ting, Z, Szeto, C, & Chan, H. (2006). Risk factors of vitamin B12 deficiency in patients receiving metformin. Arch Intern Med, 166:1975-1979. Vidal-Alaball J, Butler CC, Cannings-John, R. (2005). Oral vitamin B12 versus intramuscular vitamin B12 for vitamin B12 deficiency. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, 20;(3): CD004655.
What You Should Expect from a Capstone Project Example
Once you have acquired a capstone project example, you should certainly use it as your guide and not your source of information. The example is supposed to act as a blueprint and so you should use in that way. Now there are those who just duplicate the content in the project example and expect to be awarded good grades for their projects. That cannot happen especially so if the professor responsible for marking your projects knows your writing standards, he will certainly recognize that the project you submitted is not actually yours. You should, therefore, learn how to plan your content in the project by using the example and not use it the data in the example.
Here you can watch our capstone project presentation sample. You can order any kind of presentation and we will do it for you in the best way!
The Advantages of a Capstone Paper Sample
The Advantages of Getting Help of Capstone Writing Services
To ensure that your project is unique and original, you should never copy the content in the sample paper. Stick to the tips highlighted above here and you will certainly be in a position to submit a project that is of high quality by simply using the available project samples. Another option for writing a great capstone project is capstone writing services. The benefits of using professional capstone writing services are that you will get 100% unique and error-free paper. So if you want to get a paper that out of ordinary and fully customized expert writing assistance is what you need. We have a team of highly qualified and talented writers who have been working in this industry for years and they ready to provide you with help at the highest standards! The following are some of the advantages of using our capstone writing services:
- Our writers are highly experienced in providing all forms of capstone project help
- We guarantee 100% original writing only
- We offer a wide range of writing services at affordable rates
- We work within your deadline, no matter how tight is it
- The full satisfaction of the final draft is guaranteed
Up-to-date Business Capstone Project Ideas
CapstoneWriting / Business Capstone Project
Before graduating, students need to deal with a set of important graduation papers. The business capstone project is an imperative piece for students. This is one of the final papers for graduate scholars. Even being a part of the education process, this piece requires a professional accomplishment actually. You need to demonstrate your impressive intellectual abilities and knowledge to perform a strong paper. Moreover, you must come up with interesting ideas for your final document. The Capstone project is an example of an academic test. Once performing a great article, you verify your great knowledge and experience. There are strict requirements for familiar types of paper. Still, you need to pay attention to every one of them. In any case, proper format and structure matter. They assure an excellent final piece delivery. You also need to pay lots of effort when performing content. It must be of proper quality content. Since this is an official document, you need to pay attention to your writing style as well. It is always preferable to discover the topic you are interested in analyzing. What is more, coming up with interesting business capstone ideas is essential. It makes the entire process more focused and properly organized. The help with business capstone projects is always aimed at revealing your personal talents, knowledge, and skills. Thus, it can never be written with mistakes or illogical parts. If you lack ideas for a paper, you should reach the expert online assistance, and order business capstone project help today, with a discount on the first order.
How to Deal with Business Capstone Ideas?
Before starting your complex writing process, check first what is a capstone project in business. You need to know what task you are dealing with. Besides, be aware of the paper’s requirements in advance. This is a preferable assignment for every scholar. You need to know the proper structure and format of the assigned paper. Expert writers define a Capstone business project as a final task for students. This piece helps demonstrate student’s skills and knowledge. This is an analytical project. Mostly, it requires a deep analysis of one of the important business-related topics. There are many vital issues you can analyze in your report. It takes time to come up with proper ideas for your work. Besides, business topics can often change a lot. There are many new trends appearing in the industry every year. Every familiar project is practically a research piece. To prepare requested business analytics capstone project ideas, you need to learn the main writing guides first. This written piece is always a complex work. It reveals a certain topic or idea. You do not simply provide theoretical data. You perform research work and reveal your findings. Since this is an analytical report, the sources must be selected carefully. You need to provide a requested amount of up-to-date, relevant sources. Never skip the formatting part. A proper formatting style is requested. When you have assigned formatting, always follow the style’s requirements. The capstone project is an obligatory paper. Thus, it needs to be performed perfectly.
The List of Business Capstone Project Ideas for Students
The top modern issues in business can become the main subject of your final paper. You can check the following ideas and use them when selecting a topic for your academic document:
- The worldwide success of Apple: how marketing campaigns improve product visibility.
- The modern solutions for marketers: how to write effective sale letters.
- The pros and cons of using provocative language in marketing materials.
- How marketing efforts can help companies to improve their popularity among customers.
- The benefits of smartphone use for owners of modern businesses.
- The biggest issue for the cybersecurity sphere: online commerce threats.
- The improvement of your business with the implementation of tools based on artificial intelligence technology.
- The improvement of team performance with gamification: the most effective solutions.
- Modern commerce in the era of digital transformation.
- The expert website for owners of companies: benefits and additional possibilities.
You can find a bunch of other business capstone project ideas. It is easy to get the best ideas once using the Internet. When you are well-aware of the latest trends in the industry, you can come up with your own ideas easily. In fact, your education can be very beneficial to you. With good knowledge of your discipline, you can provide outstanding ideas and topics. Our expert writers can provide numerous business management capstone project ideas for your paper. It is typical for them to come up with strong and appealing ideas, for academic assignments.
Main Points of a Business Capstone Project
Every business capstone project is a final paper for scholars. This is an open opportunity for students to improve their final grades. Besides, with this analytical piece, you can demonstrate how you have mastered the abilities gained during a study course.
The worthy business capstone project is categorized by the following features:
- Significance of an assigned topic;
- Properly defined core issues;
- Accurately analyzed main ideas;
- Strong arguments and evidence;
- Original content and findings.
A requested task is based on one of the central subjects for business. Mostly, writers pay attention to the latest tendencies in the industry. Consequently, every writer tends to analyze the most significant issues for modern business society. You often need to research numerous ideas before figuring out the core ones. It makes the writing process quite problematic for modern scholars. If you care about the quality of the provided papers, you should check for expert online assistance. In such a case, you can find a devoted online helper in a few clicks. This is a winning strategy for many students these days.
What Is Business Capstone: Ask for Business Capstone Project Help
When you keep asking yourself what is a business capstone assignment, you surely need business capstone project help. In fact, online writing assistance is always beneficial. This is your best chance to get a perfectly completed task online. Moreover, you can do it without worrying about the final paper. Simply, you always get guaranteed excellent papers eventually. The top quality of completed assignments and timely delivery are our top assurances. We always satisfy even the most demanded clients. For graduate students, our assistance can be quite crucial. Our experts know how to perform remarkable Capstone business projects. They know the best ideas for the assignment and the most effective ways to perform it perfectly. Moreover, they always assure excellent original content and the most appealing findings.
- EN Action Another action
- Course Match
What is a capstone project? And why is it important?
By Stephanie L
Sponsored by York University
What is a capstone project?
The capstone project has become an integral part of the university degree curriculum. It can take many various forms, but its purpose remains the same. The capstone project is a unique opportunity to carry out independent group research in order to devise an innovative solution for a real-world problem. While a project of this scope and scale can be challenging, it can also be very rewarding.
The capstone project is usually the final assignment and plays a vital role in preparing students for the world of work thanks to its practical applications and ability to help hone students’ professional knowledge and skills.
At York University in Toronto, Canada, things are a little different. In 2019, the university revised the traditional capstone project and created C4: Cross-Campus Capstone Classroom . While it still possesses the fundamentals of the traditional capstone project, C4 is a new, year-long initiative that brings students together from various degree programmes to work in interdisciplinary teams with faculty and project partners on real-world challenges pitched by non-profit organisations, start-ups and businesses to create social impact.
TopUniversities spoke to Megan Tran and Javeria Mirza, two students at York University, to find out about their capstone project and why they feel it has played an important role in not just their academic development, but their professional development as well.
What is the Purpose of a Capstone Project?
1. it prepares you for the working world.
The capstone project is designed to consolidate final-year students’ learning with valuable hands-on experience to help develop them into well-prepared and well-rounded graduates.
Students work together in small groups to come up with innovative solutions for real-life problems, all while gaining valuable insights into the demands and responsibilities of the working world. This gives students a chance to bring their leadership and management skills alive and understand the consequences of their decisions in a ‘safe space’.
C4 gives students an insight into global affairs, international relations as well as social corporate responsibility and sustainability.
Final-year bachelor’s in international studies student Megan and master’s in political science student Javeria were two of the eight interdisciplinary students, from the Faculty of Environmental Studies, the Lassonde School of Engineering, Glendon College, and the Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies at York University who worked together on the ‘Solar Floatie’ project.
“As a group, we were all interested in using technology and design-thinking for good. Our collective passion for social impact brought us together as a team. CooperLab at York University led by Professor Thomas Cooper was already spearheading the idea of an inflatable solar collector,” said Javeria.
“But how we went about developing the technology and what we wanted to use it for was up to us,” added Megan.
“ The Solar Floatie was born when the engineering side of the solar collector project was merged with the anthropology side and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) framework to propose a sustainable implementation model,” explained Javeria.
2. It helps build your CV and help you stand out as a candidate
Undertaking a capstone project demonstrates to prospective employers that you’re more than just a potential candidate with the necessary academic qualifications. It shows your dedication to an issue which demands time and effort, as well as strict professionalism, work ethic and experience working in a practical, hands-on setting.
3. It offers valuable practical experience – something many graduates do not have
As a graduate, the reality of securing a job can be difficult as many roles demand practical experience. Many graduates are conceptually strong and suitable candidates, but a lack of applied knowledge in practical settings can make it challenging to demonstrate such experience and skills on their CV or in an interview.
The capstone project is a great solution and is something which both Megan and Javeria felt helped bridge that critical gap and has given them a competitive advantage as young professionals.
“It gave me an opportunity to learn outside a traditional academic setting and allowed me to explore my interest in sustainability and passion for social impact,” said Megan. “Since being a part of this project, I’ve been involved with a variety of organisations carrying out work that align with these passions.”
Javeria echoes Megan’s sentiments.
She said: “Bridging the lessons learnt during the capstone project such as the value of continuously learning, taking initiative, and working effectively with people from diverse disciplinary backgrounds has been invaluable in both my UN work and my graduate studies.”
4. It hones on specific skills that are highly valued by employers
The capstone project encompasses a real-life working culture which aims to instil a set of specific skills that are both highly valued by employers and will ultimately serve students well into their careers.
York University’s C4 focuses on the development of a wide range of skills, including creative, critical, and strategic thinking, effective communication, teamwork, problem solving and research analysis through diverse learning approaches and perspectives. Students deepen their sense of social and ethical responsibilities as they learn to mobilise their knowledge across disciplines and work effectively in interdisciplinary teams while engaging professionally with their peers and professors.
Lead image: Solar Floatie project team members work on assembling the solar energy collector, under Professor Thomas Cooper’s direction. Credit: York University
This article was originally published in March 2021 . It was last updated in December 2022
Want more content like this Register for free site membership to get regular updates and your own personal content feed.
As the Head of Sponsored Content for TopUniversities.com and TopMBA.com (until September 2021), Stephanie created and published a wide range of articles for universities and business schools across the world. She attended the University of Portsmouth where she earned a BA in English Language and an MA in Communication and Applied Linguistics.
+ 2 others saved this article
+ 3 others saved this article
Share this Page
Get assisted by higher education experts
Our expert teams can help start your academic journey by guiding you through the application process.
Related Articles Last year
Q&A: What can you expect from a master’s in artificial intelligence?
Top Universities in New York City: Columbia or NYU?
What is interdisciplinary learning and why is it important?
Accounting vs finance: Which should you study?
The world's top 100 universities
Rankings and accreditations: what they mean and what you need to know
Most shared last year.
Which type of engineering should you study?
What Can You Do With an Economics Degree?
Future Skills You’ll Need In Your Career By 2030
9 Skills You'll Need to Succeed In a Post-Coronavirus Business World
What Can You Do With a Psychology Degree?
Most read last year.
What Can You Do With a Biology Degree?
10 of the best degrees to graduate with in 2019
- Find your perfect University program with our matching tool
- Meet and apply to universities
- Connect with peers
Covid updates. The bivalent COVID-19 booster is required for on-campus presence.
The Capstone is a culminating academic project experience that is completed within the confines of a semester-length course. Several Master of Liberal Arts (ALM) fields either require a capstone or offer the option to pursue one. In addition to the information below, review Guide to the ALM Capstone Project website.
Types of Capstones
We offer two forms of capstone: Capstone Course (faculty directed) and Capstone Independent Project (student directed).
Capstone Course–Faculty Directed
For the ALM fields of anthropology, biotechnology, creative writing and literature, cybersecurity, data science, English, government, history, information management systems, international relations, management, math for teaching, psychology, religion, and software engineering, capstones are courses designed by faculty members who bring together, in a structured syllabus, all the key learning outcomes of the field of study.
Our cybersecurity, data science, and management capstones ordinarily have a real-world industry partner as the client for your capstone research.
While our creative writing capstone allows for ample room to work on individual artistic projects, but with the added benefit of weekly engagement with peers and the instructor–a supportive writer’s community.
Every effort is made to offer the same precapstone/capstone topics each year (e.g., human development, policy analysis, and social justice); however, topics are subject to change annually.
Good academic standing. You must be good academic standing to register for the capstone. If not, you’ll need to complete additional courses to bring your GPA up to the 3.0 minimum prior to registration. For detailed course description information, including specific registration requirements, such as credit minimums and academic standing requirements, use the Degree Course Search .
Tip: Register on the first day of degree-candidate registration to obtain a seat in these limited-enrollment courses.
The ALM fields of anthropology, biotechnology, creative writing and literature, cybersecurity, data science, English, government, history, international relations, management, psychology, and religion have a required precapstone course that must be completed with a grade of B- or higher.
Mandatory Sequencing of Precapstones/Capstones. You enroll in the precapstone and capstone courses in back-to-back semesters (fall/spring), with the same instructor, and in your final academic year.
Due to heavy workload demands, all your other degree requirements must be fulfilled prior to capstone registration. The capstone must be taken alone as your one-and-only remaining degree requirement. You cannot register in any other courses along with the capstone.
It is critical that you draw upon your entire ALM training to produce a project worthy of a Harvard degree by committing to full-time study in the capstone.
Attempts . You have a maximum of two attempts at the precapstone course to earn the required grade of B- or higher. If after two attempts, you have not fulfilled the requirement (a WD grade is considered an attempt), your degree candidacy will expire. If by not passing the precapstone you fall into poor academic standing, you will need to take additional degree-applicable courses to return to good standing before enrolling in the precapstone for your second and final time.
The second attempt policy is only available if your five-year, degree-completion deadline allows for more time. If you attempt to complete the precapstone in your final year and don’t pass (including a WD grade), your candidacy will automatically expire.
For detailed course description information, visit the Degree Course Search .
Capstone Independent Project–Student Directed
For global development practice, digital media design, journalism, museum studies, and sustainability, capstones are client-based or independent research projects focused on a current issue or problem that has become compelling for you during your course of study. The project represents your academic passion and professional interest. You complete the research individually (journalism) or in a classroom setting with fellow candidates (all other fields).
Journalism candidates should scroll down to Journalism Capstone. The following applies to:
- Global Development Practice
- Digital media design
- Museum studies
Registration in the capstone for the above fields has the following prerequisites: (1) your specific research project must be approved several months in advance (prior to enrolling in the precapstone tutorial), (2) you must successfully complete the precapstone tutorial, and (3) the capstone must be your final, one-and-only remaining degree requirement. You cannot register for any other courses along with the capstone.
There are two major steps to obtain project approval.
Step one: obtain advice right away. Once admitted to the program, meet with your research advisor early and often about your initial capstone research interests. He or she can provide support as well as course selection advice as you develop preliminary ideas. Please note that while every effort is made to support your capstone interest, guidance is not available for all possible projects. Therefore, revision or a change of capstone topic may be necessary.
- For museum studies your capstone will have a main focus on (1) business of museums, (2) collections care, (3) exhibition design, (4) museum education, or (5) technology. Whatever focus you choose, you must have at least two courses completed in that area before enrolling in the precapstone tutorial. If not, your enrollment will not be approved.
- Due to the highly technical nature of their projects, digital media students must meet with their research advisor, Dr. Hongming Wang, to discuss their capstone topics according to the following schedule. Between January 2 and February 15 for summer precapstone and between May 1 and July for the fall precapstone. Appointments can be scheduled through the Degree Candidate Portal.
- Step two: register for the noncredit tutorial. The semester before capstone registration (no earlier), you are required to (1) enroll in the noncredit Precapstone tutorial, (2) visit the Guide to the ALM Capstone Project website to read through the tutorial guidelines, and (3) submit your prework by the required deadline (see below in bold).
Prework demonstrates that you have done enough prior reading and research on your topic to begin the capstone proposal process. Registration in the tutorial is limited to degree candidates who submit quality prework. If your prework is not approved, you will need to spend time revising in order to re-submit for the next offering of the tutorial, if your five-year, degree-completion deadline allows.
Once registered in the noncredit tutorial, you will receive guidance and mentoring while you iterate on your individual capstone proposal until the document reaches a satisfactory quality. The tutorial is not a course in the traditional sense. You work independently on your proposal with your research advisor by submitting multiple proposal drafts and scheduling individual appointments (ordinarily, during the hours of 9-5). You need to make self-directed progress on the proposal without special prompting from the research advisor. While the tutorial is noncredit, your due diligence throughout the semester is required.
If you do not have a proposal that is close to being approved by the semester’s withdrawal deadline, you’ll need to withdraw from the tutorial, delay capstone registration, and re-take the capstone proposal tutorial again in a future semester, if your five-year, degree-completion deadline allows.
- For the fall capstone, you complete the proposal tutorial during the prior summer term: Register for the Summer Precapstone tutorial March 1. Submit the first draft of the preproposal between March 1 and May 15 . Actively participate in the tutorial during the summer and end the term with an approved proposal. Register and complete capstone in fall.
- For the spring capstone, you complete the proposal tutorial during the prior fall term: Register for the Fall Precapstone tutorial when registration opens in mid-July. Submit the first draft of the preproposal between July 18 and August 1 . Actively participate in the tutorial during the fall and end the term with an approved proposal. Register and complete the capstone in spring.
- For the summer capstone, you complete the proposal tutorial during the prior spring: Register for the spring Precapstone tutorial when registration open in early November. Submit the first draft of the preproposal between November 7 and January 2 . Actively participate in the Capstone Proposal Tutorial during the spring and end the term with an approved proposal. Register and complete capstone in summer. This sequence (spring tutorial, summer capstone) is required for international students who need a student visa.
Please note that not all fields offer a capstone each term. Refer to your field’s Degree Course Search for the schedule.
If your capstone will involve the use of human subjects (e.g., subject interviews, surveys, observations), review the Human Subjects section on the Guide to the ALM Capstone Project website to learn Harvard University’s Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval process.
The course, JOUR E-599 , entails a portfolio of several related stories that are completed over the course of one semester. You apply knowledge and skills obtained in the program to complete a significant journalism project under the direction of a professional in the field. Over the course of the capstone semester, you’ll conduct an in-depth investigation of a single topic and emerge with a portfolio of new work suitable for publishing, posting, or broadcasting.
You can register for the capstone once you complete 36 credits, and you work independently to complete the project within a semester timeframe. The capstone can be, and often is, completed at a distance.
To begin the capstone approval process, you schedule an appointment with your research advisor, June Erlick, ( [email protected]) , to discuss your capstone ideas.
While every effort is made to support your capstone interest, guidance is not available for all possible projects. Therefore, revisions or a change of capstone topic may be necessary before it is approved. As in all traditional journalism, projects must take a fair and balanced view by bringing in differing points of view. Projects should not be one-sided or take an advocacy stance.
Once a topic is approved, you submit the first draft of your capstone proposal (visit the Guide to the ALM Capstone Project website to read the Crafting the Capstone Proposal specific guidelines). Ms. Erlick supports you through the fine tuning of the proposal and works with the Journalism program office to identify a capstone director.
A capstone director is a journalism instructor or professional in the field who has expertise relevant to your capstone topic. The final decision about who will serve as director is made by the Journalism program office; however, you are welcome to request a particular instructor. However, we ask that you not contact an instructor directly prior to capstone approval.
You are expected to work independently on your project with support and direction from the director. The capstone director will meet with you several times over the semester to answer questions, discuss your progress, read drafts, and offer feedback. The director also grades the final project.
- Fall capstone: Meet to discuss capstone ideas by May 1. Submit first draft of capstone proposal by June 1.
- Spring capstone: Meet to discuss capstone ideas by September 1. Submit first draft of capstone proposal by October 1.
- Summer capstone: Meet to discuss capstone ideas by February 1. Submit first draft of capstone proposal by March 1
Final Capstone Grade
You need to earn a grade of B- or higher to earn degree credit for the capstone. If you earn a grade below a B– (including a WD), you will need to petition the Administrative Board for permission to enroll in the capstone for one final time. The petition process is only available if your five-year, degree-completion deadline allows for more time. Your candidacy will automatically expire if you do not successfully complete the capstone requirement by your required deadline.
If approved for a second attempt, you may be required to repeat the precapstone course or the non-credit precapstone tutorial. Please note that you cannot choose a different precapstone/capstone sequence to gain additional (more than two) attempts at fulfilling the capstone requirement for your degree.
If by not passing the capstone you fall into poor academic standing, you’ll need to take additional degree-applicable courses to return to good standing before enrolling in the capstone for your second and final time. This is only an option if your five-year, degree-completion deadline allows for more time to take additional courses.
The Board only reviews cases in which extenuating circumstances prevented the successful completion of the capstone.
Harvard Division of Continuing Education
A division of Harvard University dedicated to bringing rigorous programs and innovative online teaching capabilities to distance learners, working professionals, high school students, college students, and those seeking higher learning in retirement.
For All Online Programs
On Campus, need or have Visa
For All Campus Programs
What is a Capstone Project in College?
The capstone project in college is the apogee, or completion marker, of a student’s coursework leading to the culmination of their program with a degree in their chosen field of study.
The original definition of a capstone focuses on the actual stone placed at the top of a wall or building, marking the successful completion of the structure. It is a significant and celebrated piece of architecture, considered to be the most important of an entire construction project.
Similarly, Southern New Hampshire University (SNHU) Associate Dean of Criminal Justice and Social Sciences Dr. Jeff Czarnec called the academic capstone project, whether in an undergraduate or graduate program, “the apex of all a student’s work done throughout their college career.”
There is an expectation that they have all the necessary skills and knowledge coming into the capstone course to be successful. “At this point, students have managed to pass all their course work leading up to the capstone,” said Dr. Thomas MacCarty , associate dean of social sciences programs at SNHU. “It is the culmination of everything that has happened to them as students.”
Students have the opportunity to pick a research topic that is of interest to them and run with it. “After having to write research papers in all of their courses prior to [the capstone], the task is not one to dread, but to enjoy. It is their time to shine as students and to enjoy the journey,” MacCarty said.
The capstone is much more important than a requirement and three credits. It can serve as an opportunity to demonstrate knowledge mastery and creative thinking, which may help a graduate stand out from others vying for the same job.
What is Involved in a Capstone Project?
“Students are expected to be ready to enter the world as professionals in their field upon completion of the capstone course,” said MacCarty.
As in many other university courses, the capstone is research-based; the difference being that the student chooses the topic early on, allowing them more freedom to conduct research on their own, unlike in other courses which are more guided. Capstone topics align with the specific discipline of program study. In the social sciences realm, “our focus is on human behavior and cognition, which may be different from a capstone course in business or STEM,” MacCarty said.
In a nutshell, a rough outline of a capstone, according to Czarnec, looks something like this:
- Select a topic and have it approved by the instructor
- Evaluate relevance to the proposal
- Perform necessary research
- Present results in the agreed upon fashion
Are Capstone Projects Difficult?
“Not necessarily,” said Czarnec. “It does force you to be efficient and very specific to topic. No fluff. Straight forward. Razor sharp. The capstone is more of an opportunity to catch your breath, retrace and pull up what you have learned in a more stress-free environment. It helps validate students as learners.”
Depending upon the major and course requirements, there may be opportunities to match students with outside contacts, not only to assist with the capstone project research and problem statement, but to also provide a networking community.
“Not every research project is, nor should they be, the same,” Czarnec said. “Everyone has a different approach.”
What is the Difference Between a Thesis and a Capstone Project?
A capstone is similar to a thesis in that the starting point involves strengths that one needs for a thesis or dissertation work. A student needs to think about the skeletal structure of research and form their theory, hypothesis, and problem statement.
“While a capstone is certainly a scholarly piece of work and does share some aspects of a thesis,” said MacCarty. “The time and detail that is required of a master’s thesis is greater.”
A capstone paper may be 25 pages, where a thesis could be 100 or more, and is a more demanding research paper. If an undergraduate student chooses to further their education and enter into a doctoral program, the capstone project could be an invaluable tool in preparing for a thesis.
It’s All About Student Success
According to Czarnec, capstones of all programs are leading students to the end game. The goal is to develop well-rounded thinkers who can pull their work together in a coherent, articulate, well-organized fashion, while considering the demands of the profession or vocation in which they are interested.
The focus and intent of a capstone should be to create an effective device to assess and measure all that the students have learned throughout their program in an aggregate fashion so they can demonstrate their life-long vocational skills in a nice, neat package. “My goal is for students to leave the program confident about their skills and abilities,” said Czarnec.
According to MacCarty, capstone courses should be structured to support student success in fulfilling program requirements and allow them the opportunity to showcase their academic abilities and skills gained throughout their degree program.
Laurie Smith '14 is a writer, editor and communications specialist. Connect with her on LinkedIn .
Explore more content like this article
What is Experiential Learning? Discover How You Can Learn by Doing
What Are SMART Goals: Examples for Students and Work
Should I Transfer Colleges?
About southern new hampshire university.
SNHU is a nonprofit, accredited university with a mission to make high-quality education more accessible and affordable for everyone.
Founded in 1932, and online since 1995, we’ve helped countless students reach their goals with flexible, career-focused programs . Our 300-acre campus in Manchester, NH is home to over 3,000 students, and we serve over 135,000 students online. Visit our about SNHU page to learn more about our mission, accreditations, leadership team, national recognitions and awards.
MBA Capstone & Thesis | 2022 Guide
Learn about our editorial process .
Updated November 17, 2022
OnlineMBA.com is an advertising-supported site. Featured or trusted partner programs and all school search, finder, or match results are for schools that compensate us. This compensation does not influence our school rankings, resource guides, or other editorially-independent information published on this site.
Are you ready to discover your college program?
Typically serving as the culminating experience in an MBA program, a capstone or thesis project bridges academic study and professional practice, applying the skills gained from an MBA to real-world business management and research. Thesis projects commonly take a more academic, research-based approach, while capstones focus on the practical side of business, often requiring students to identify and solve problems at real companies.
Capstones require students to synthesize everything they've learned from their MBA programs, serving as their best opportunity to demonstrate understanding of business principles and practices. Andrew Gold, an associate professor of management at Saint Leo University in Florida, puts it plainly: "The capstone is probably the single most important class in the entire program."
This page offers a general guide to MBA capstone and thesis projects. Below, find an overview of the key differences between the two types of projects, typical steps to research and writing, capstone project examples, and answers to common questions -- all accompanied by expert advice from an MBA faculty member.
What's the Difference Between a Capstone and a Thesis?
While a capstone and thesis serve similar functions, most MBA programs distinguish between the two projects. MBAs typically include practicum/internship components, enabling students to gain hands-on experience in professional business environments. Capstones build on this experience, requiring students to develop practical solutions to real-world business problems.
As Gold explains, "The [capstone] is intended to demonstrate that you understand and can apply what you have learned about the various disciplines in the business school and use some creativity to put together comprehensive analyses of complicated, real-life problems."
A thesis generally takes a more academic approach, requiring students to answer a question to contribute new knowledge to the field through a comprehensive research paper. Programs with an academic focus, preparing graduates for research and academic positions, might opt for a thesis over a capstone.
Online MBA Programs for You
Grow your career, leadership, and business acumen with an accredited online MBA program.
The MBA Capstone
Broadly, MBA capstones require students to synthesize major program principles to address contemporary business issues, serving to assess overall knowledge and individual skill. As Gold explains, "In addition to demonstrating students' abilities to analyze complex problems, the [capstone] typically shows evidence of creative thinking, critical thinking, and the ability to examine a problem from a variety of functional perspectives." The following sections detail typical capstone components and processes.
The MBA Capstone Process
The MBA Capstone Format
Choosing Your Capstone Topic
Example Topics for Capstone Projects
Business plan for a startup venture, analysis of emerging technology threats, reorganization after corporate downsizing, gamification of sustainability behavior, feasibility and market analysis for a new app.
Completing Your MBA Capstone
- Collapse All
How to Research for Your Capstone
Capstone research often involves a literature review of existing information on a topic, along with original research into the company itself. To address a business problem, students must understand both the general nature of the problem and its specific impact on an organization.
Gold recommends students familiarize themselves with their capstone topics before contacting their organizations with questions: "Get as much information as possible from publicly available sources. Prepare questions in advance."
When conducting interviews, strive for courtesy and professionalism. "Understand that the people you speak with in the company are doing this outside their normal job routine, so make it as easy as possible for them to help you with the least amount of effort on their part," Gold adds. "Be specific with your requests and be very professional."
How to Outline Your Capstone
After conducting initial research, students should create an outline to organize their ideas and prepare to write their capstone papers. Exact organizational strategies vary depending on capstone subject, but most papers begin with an introduction to the company and/or business issue before moving into a more in-depth problem statement. The paper then states capstone goals and objectives, and it describes methods and strategies, a management plan, and a strategy for evaluating the effectiveness of the project.
Gold offers some practical advice for students: "Start with a high-level list of bullet points that will carve out each of the different sections of the project. Then start to narrow down each of the sections. Much of the outline will develop as you start to proceed with the project and there are a variety of templates online that you can also use as a guide."
How to Write Your Capstone
Gold recommends students begin their writing with high-level questions: "What is it that you are trying to answer? Avoid very simple yes/no-type questions, and instead ask questions like, 'How might we' or 'How can we,' that imply more complicated answers. As you hone in your question/topic for your project, then start to think about how you would go about answering the question."
Given that most capstone projects aim to propose solutions to business problems, students should ensure they clearly define the business problem, their strategies for addressing it, and their methods for evaluating strategy effectiveness. Capstone writing should always adopt a professional tone, suitable for academic or business communications, and students can work with faculty to ensure their work meets professional standards.
Capstone Project Workflow Tips
Make realistic goals, divide work into stages, delegate tasks efficiently, use past work as a guide, seek assistance when necessary.
Presenting Your MBA Capstone
How Is an MBA Capstone Graded?
The MBA Thesis
An MBA thesis functions similarly to a capstone in some regards, but the two projects maintain notable differences. While capstones address practical business problems, thesis projects draw on original research to contribute new knowledge to the field of business. This section outlines major components of an MBA thesis.
The MBA Thesis Format
Choosing Your Thesis Topic
Completing Your MBA Thesis
Presenting Your MBA Thesis
How is an MBA Thesis Graded?
Frequently Asked Questions About MBA Capstone
What is an mba capstone project, what are different types of mba capstones, is a capstone course hard, how long does an mba capstone project take, what is a great company for an mba capstone analysis project, what happens if you fail your capstone, is a capstone the same as a thesis, what is the difference between a dissertation and a capstone, is a thesis required for an mba, how long is an mba thesis, meet andrew gold.
Andrew Gold , Ph.D., is an associate professor of management at Saint Leo University in Florida and an adjunct associate professor at the University of North Carolina, teaching managing innovation processes and performance in the online MBA program . He received his bachelor's degree in finance in 1992 from Ohio State University's Fisher College of Business, with a focus on international finance and investments. He received his doctorate in 2002 from the University of North Carolina's Kenan-Flagler Business School, with a focus on strategy and innovation management.
Search programs by concentration.
View schools and degrees from across the country. Find the right program to advance your career.
- Current Students
- Friends & Neighbors
- The BEO Capstone
- BEO Concentration
- BEO Concentration FAQs and Tips
- Business Pathways @ Brown
- Graduate Research
- Plagiarism checker Do The Check
- Academic editing Ask For Help
- Samples database View Samples Base
How To Write A Capstone Project Outline: Steps and Example
18 Dec 2021
📑Types of Capstone Projects
✍️Choosing a Topic
📃Capstone Project Outline
📌Mistakes to Avoid
Working on a capstone project requires a lot of effort. To write this assignment successfully, the first stage of the process is to develop an outline for this type of paper. With the capstone project outline, students can write the right structure for their paper. Are you unaware of how to write it or just need a clear example or a capstone project template with proper formats? Or do you want to learn what to include in the outline? You've come to the right place. This piece will teach you everything you need to know about these outlines.
What Is Capstone Project?
It is a vital part of most courses in universities. You may have heard of it from the older students. The form of it can vary, but the main ideas are always similar. Generally, it is research conducted by a defined group of students to find and come up with a solution for some actual issues that happened in the world. It is crucial to take this seriously, as such a unique chance to have all the tools and supervision of the best professors on the way to finding a proposal for the issue is rare. Of course, it is time-consuming and stressful, but the reward part after the proposal is sent is priceless.
This research is always the last task of the course, so the student has the opportunity to gather all the knowledge during the course and apply it to the capstone project writing. The main aim is to prepare future specialists for finding practical solutions for the real world.
In simple terms, what is the capstone project ? This is a type of paper used to showcase the level of the skills you have developed since the beginning of the study. This type is also referred to as a capstone project. It's a significant task that must be carried out with a high level of skill and proficiency. But what is its importance? Completing this paper is an essential part of your education program because it shows that you are a professional.
Need help with capstone project?
Get your paper written by a professional writer
Types of Capstone Projects
As mentioned before, they can be different as well as requirements. There are ones for junior students and senior students, and postgraduate students. Depending on the degree, there are such types of research:
- Developing the concept of a product, tool, or service
- In-depth projects
As they vary, they can be conducted individually or in a group. The main thing is that the instructor has to review the final capstone project proposal at the finishing stage.
Choosing a Topic
The best advice is to pick an area you are genuinely interested in. Otherwise, there is no point in research. The process is long, and the demands are high. There is some general advice on how to choose the theme for the research project format.
- Avoid broad subjects that objectively cannot be managed in a given time. If your theme appears too wide, you will have hardship covering all the necessary issues.
- Moreover, beware of too narrow subjects, as you may have difficulty finding relevant published articles and inspirations from other research made earlier.
- Choose themes that are suitable to your classroom background or career goals.
- Do primary research before deciding, as it is the only way to understand how the problem was covered and whether there are any solutions.
- Do not pick only one theme. Have at least a few paper project ideas to be flexible when obstacles appear.
- Be sure that the area of research meets the guidelines of the course. It is better to ask beforehand than change everything at the last minute.
Should you find the task of picking the theme too challenging, there's a way out of this trouble. You can always buy capstone project online and save time and effort while getting an excellent result. Using services of trusted platforms guarantees you high-quality and timely delivery.
Detect plagiarism in your paper for free
How to create a capstone project outline.
When you begin working on this format, it's important to keep in mind that the nature and formats of the written paper may vary depending on the faculty, the topic, and the goals for the writing papers. You can buy it online or find a written template to save some time, especially since a lot of effort is required. Starting from the contents, you need to create a capstone paper outline to help you structure your content according to your instructor's rules.
Without any doubt, a capstone study will simplify everything for you. Considering the importance of it, you must learn how to write it or use outline templates. So, how do you go about it? Take note of the following steps.
- Research how to write it, including developing the structure and the types of outlines used for tasks like this. If you have previous experience creating designs and know what would best suit this project, you may skip this step.
- Decide on a number format to use in the study. If you are given a specific form, make sure you follow it. But if the instructor specifies no format, choose whatever works best for you. Furthermore, make sure that the design you have picked is suitable for readers.
- Next, select the preferable model. You can research how to create project outline templates online.
- Set up the structure for the headings and subheadings in the sample capstone project outline template. The number of titles and subheadings will depend on the nature of your paper.
- Split the headings and subheadings further. However, remember that you can make changes later on.
- Identify the content you intend to put into each section and fill it with texts, figures, and other illustrations. Don't forget to use citation styles and appropriate formatting. Your instructor may choose to provide the instructions for your project using different formats.
- When you are done, read it once more and try to make sure that each fragment is meaningful. You may also decide to rewrite incomplete pieces and find any logical mistakes.
- Finally, review for grammatical errors, fix them and check for plagiarism.
If you intend to take an easy route to all the steps listed above, you may get an example of the study summary and follow it. According to experts, the best approach to writing your culmination study is by starting with a list of papers you wrote, a list of studies you have undertaken, and an article you have published or assisted in.
For most universities, you will be required to write the title and intro page. If the case warrants it, you may need to rewrite these pages a few times. The title must be catchy, and the intro urges readers to go deeper into the text. The introduction should shift from specific to general terms. It should also focus on the research, topic, and possible methodology adopted in the paper. Before starting, check whether the presentation format will be needed. You could gather information during the research project and add points from existing materials step by step. Remember, that it is an important part and you better be prepared.
If you require a detailed plan to complete your outline, write out all the elements on the subject. When designing, keep in mind that you may meet or write some sections before others. However, the most significant thing is finishing the entire paper and taking specific steps like presentation preparation to make it possible. When all the outline sections have been properly written, it's time to start your project. You may ask someone to review your progress before proceeding with the entire paper.
Build your thesis statement
This is AI-powered online tool that lets you create a thesis statement about any topic you need.
- Simple interface
- Works with any type of paper
- Absolutely free
- Unlimited attempts
Example Of A Capstone Project Outline
It's almost impossible to come up with an example or templates that would be useful for every student in every school. There are just too many elements to take note of simultaneously. However, we can do our best by including some of the most common factors that you would find in any paper.
When compiling an outline, you can include the following chapters:
- A brief overview. Your resume should not be more than a few sentences, and it serves as the intro of the papers.
- Research that was useful in creating the paper. Here, you can mention the historical background of the subject in question. You may also add a table or list to illustrate your paper further.
- The executive summary of your study. The executive summary of your research shows the study's goal, how it's done, and everything you need to accomplish the capstone project.
- Essential details and information from your instructor.
- Description of the task. You should give a detailed breakdown of your paper and the steps you took to accomplish it.
- The summary or presentation.
These are examples of any culmination study contents. Still, the system can vary depending on the topic in question. Make sure that you carry out research and write down inquiries from your instructor to find out the outline that will be most useful for your project.
Mistakes to Avoid in a Capstone Project Outline
Coming up with an executive summary for this type of paper is a lot of work. As a result, people tend to make simple mistakes that greatly affect the quality of their work. However, many of these mistakes are avoidable, especially if you had examined the materials given like outline templates or academic project ideas existing on the subject. Apply academic thinking, find the information on the writing process as well as format requirements, pay attention to elements required for an assignment, check the research problem and the research question properly.
If you intend to make a summary, you need to look out for the following mistakes:
Avoid topics that require a lot of calculation. You may have difficulties coming up with the best type. You may find it difficult to make a reasonable strategy. When presenting these cases, the additional emphasis on numbers will bore listeners and prevent them from keeping up with what you say.
Beware of reuse, repetitions, and self-plagiarism. This means that you should note what you have included previously. Adding too many related headings may lead to self-plagiarism later in the project.
Never underestimate the meaning of capstone projects. It's common for many students to play down the importance of this type of project. As a result, they end up handling everything haphazardly. This type of action would greatly influence the quality of the final writing.
When writing, avoid using long sentences. Understandably, you may be intent on clearly stating your points most of the time. Nevertheless, long sentences will only make it tougher. Do your best to go straight to the end. This type of project doesn't require a lot of talks, discussion, or emphasis. The only things you need to display are your academic skills and proper sentences.
When you are done, take your time to proofread and edit the final result. Make sure that you never skip this stage. Proofreading will reveal any hidden mistakes that may ruin the overall quality.
Create a summary of your text
Many students find it difficult to write their project because it requires a big one. Some may even give up initially because they doubt their abilities. But this shouldn't be the case. If you can't handle any aspect of your project yourself, it may be worth hiring capstone writing services to help out. They will approach the creation of your outline from a professional angle.
The benefit of hiring this service provider is the level of success they guarantee. Professional hands will handle your project. They can prepare a top-class project for you with all the essential details within the shortest time possible.
This type of project is one of the introductory assignments college students will do before finishing their education. Considering the importance of a capstone study, the design must be created smoothly. The system can be confusing because there are different types of capstone studies. However, with the help of PapersOwl and understandable requirements for this kind of paper, it's possible to achieve something reasonable.
Was this article helpful?
Thanks for your feedback.
I am Dr. Paulus, an experienced academic writer. I am efficient, hardworking, and very flexible. As a student, I majored in History and Management but will be more than happy to work on any other subject. I write everything from scratch and do a unique research for every project.
Readers also enjoyed
The best 150 capstone project topic ideas.
Capstone Project Writing Guides 183 likes
What Is A Capstone Project?
Capstone Project Writing Guides 99 likes
WHY WAIT? PLACE AN ORDER RIGHT NOW!
Simply fill out the form, click the button, and have no worries!
- Essay Database >
- Essay Examples >
- Essays Topics >
- Essay on Business
Good Capstone Project On What Is Business?
Type of paper: Capstone Project
Topic: Business , Commerce , Profit , Sociology , Entity , Marketing , Company , Community
ORDER PAPER LIKE THIS
Business covers a broad range of commercial, industrial or professional activities ("What is a 'Business'," n.d.). The business, as an organized entity, can be for profit or not ("What is a 'Business'"). There are limitless activities commercial or social enterprises can engage in for operation. These could include product and/or service planning, development, promotion, distribution and/or marketing. Further, operating in given market conditions require, for a business, to be organized in specific ways. The word "business" can also refer to specific activities an organized entity performs in one or more given areas, usually referred to as "line of business". Thus, business, for current purposes, refers to organized entity or activities in one or more areas. For commercial, for-profit entities, examples are numerous. Google is, for one, a global, for profit business. Offering products and services based on search engine marketing and advertising, Google is a commercial entity designed around product innovation and human capital and is aimed at commercial profit. The company has, like many companies in recent decades, multiple social roles beyond immediate profit purposes falling under what is commonly referred to as Corporate Social Responsibility. Doctors Without Borders, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF), is an example of non-for-profit, humanitarian business. MSF helps war afflicted and/or natural disaster hit communities recover from wide scale crises by offering medical assistance and healthcare. The organization is, indeed, a very early example of companies, increasingly known as social enterprises. Funded by unconventional means (e.g. donations, federal assistance and, most recently, crowd funding), MSF adds humanitarian and social values for communities but also avoids more profiteering practices of for-profit enterprises. This line of business is, if anything, becoming more broadly adopted and is becoming a more favorable and sustainable business practice.
What is a 'Business'. (n.d.). Investopedia. Retrieved from http://www.investopedia.com/terms/b/business.asp
Cite this page
Share with friends using:
Finished papers: 674
This paper is created by writer with
If you want your paper to be:
Well-researched, fact-checked, and accurate
Original, fresh, based on current data
Eloquently written and immaculately formatted
275 words = 1 page double-spaced
Password recovery email has been sent to [email protected]
Use your new password to log in
You are not register!
Now you can download documents directly to your device!
Check your email! An email with your password has already been sent to you! Now you can download documents directly to your device.
Short on a deadline?
Don't waste time. Get help with 11% off using code - GETWOWED
No, thanks! I'm fine with missing my deadline
Ohio State nav bar
- Find People
- Search Ohio State
- Specialized Master in Business - Analytics
- Analytics Management Capstone
Specialized Master in Business Analytics Analytics Management Capstone
The Pre-Capstone and Analytics Management Capstone courses are an experiential learning opportunity integrated throughout the SMB-A curriculum, which exposes you to leading organizations' real-world analytics challenges. You'll realize the full potential of the analytical skills acquired throughout the program, gain experience managing a small team and showcase your business expertise to a professional audience.
Connecting analytics with business
Unlike most other graduate analytics programs, Ohio State's SMB-A program is taught within the Fisher College of Business. The connection Fisher provides between business and analytics means you'll gain highly desirable real-world experience solving problems companies are facing today. No matter what stage your career is at or the analytics experience level, we tailor the program and capstone experience to you. It's time to advance your leadership skills and analytical expertise so you can reach your goals. View the three steps of the Analytics Management Capstone below.
View the SMB-A Capstone Webinar
STEP 1: SELECT YOUR REAL-WORLD PROJECT
Identify a real value-adding consulting project in diverse sectors of interest to you (technology, healthcare, operations, supply chain, education, finance, government, research, retail, etc.) , where data can inform practice. Companies all over the world and in diverse sectors choose Fisher students to take on significant problems they face.
Working professional SMB-A students (part-time or full-time) typically choose a project with analytical work related to their current employer. It's an excellent way to capitalize on existing contextual knowledge and understanding of the analysis's relevance and potential impact. It's also a great way to impress leadership at your current organization.
Being a school of business at a renowned university has its benefits. Students without a project/current employer can work with a SMB-A program director to tap into Fisher sourced-projects for clients who expect the same quality of deliverables and positive teamwork that they would receive from their own employees.
Examples of Past Projects
Sample of participating organizations.
As an SMB-A student, you'll benefit from the unique combination of a tight-knit graduate program at one of the largest universities in the country. Ohio State's Fisher College of Business has a wide range of organizations that work with our SMB-A and MBA graduate students on analytics projects.
ARE YOU AN ORGANIZATION LOOKING TO PARTICIPATE?
Having analytical work completed by Fisher College of Business students is a great way to contribute while also benefitting your organization. Fisher has numerous project opportunities in both the undergraduate and graduate analytics curricula that can fit your needs and interest. Accepted projects typically require organizations to provide data relevant to the context. They will also require time allocated to dialogue between the originating organization and the student/team to ensure a contextual understanding of the data set's task and nature. To facilitate the best match between your project and student availability, please complete this form .
Connect with Fisher about analytics projects
STEP 2: LEVERAGE YOUR ANALYTICS MICRO-TEAM
As part of your capstone experience, you and another SMB-A student manage a small analytics team in a real-world setting, which occurs in a spring Pre-Capstone course.
ABOUT THE PRE-CAPSTONE:
The Pre-Capstone is a data and methods preparatory curriculum in advance of the summer term. This curriculum continues discussions of problem structuring, begun in the Fall. It includes a 10-week Micro-Team experience where SMB-A students manage and collaborate with a junior analyst and advisory faculty member. By its design, and exposure to additional analytics tools, the Pre-Cap ensures you'll be well-prepared for successful independent Capstone work in the Summer term. A typical team is as follows:
* The number of assigned Fisher undergrad students matches the number of SMB-A students on the micro-team (1-1, 2-2, 3-3).
SOME BENEFITS OF THE MICRO-TEAM EXPERIENCE:
- Demonstrate skills gained in coursework as a project lead
- Establish tasks and timelines
- Coordinate any required NDAs
- Apply descriptive/predictive/prescriptive analysis
- Reporting and presentation work that builds leadership
STEP 3: PUT THEORY INTO PRACTICE
To help guide initial thoughts and the ultimate development of the project and its deliverables, SMB-A students and their teams will make use of several frameworks. Examples include the OUtCoMES Cycle, Systems-Oriented A3, and the Management Analytics Decision-Tree. These resources, and more, are introduced and utilized during 1-hour advisory sessions every two weeks during the autumn and spring semesters, which lead into the summer when you will move to two 1-hour advisory sessions every week for seven weeks. Below is a quick look at the Management Analytics Capstone timeline. The capstone is an integral part of the SMB-A program structure and curriculum .
Project Planning Resource Examples
An iterative process used to structure otherwise unstructured or poorly structured real-world problems. The approach identifies core performance objectives, critical levers, and salient limitations on managerial decision-making. Used with analytical tactics, the approach provides actionable prescriptions to practice. Learn more about The OUtCoMES Cycle.
To support documentation throughout the OUtCoMES Cycle and assist in the final capstone presentation, students and their teams complete both a preliminary A3 for early feedback on project plans and a final A3 as part of your final project report. No matter your analytics experience level, Fisher teaches proven real-world business-analytics techniques and provides high-value resources to support your development and career growth.
To help you think about the analytical tools and tactics that might prove useful in each stage of your project journey, the International Institute for Analytics provides a decision-tree framework. This framework can guide you in selecting analytical approaches from descriptive, to predictive and through prescriptive stages of your work. In the SMB-A program, you'll gain an understanding of multiple vantage points through which data is considered, extracted, and scrutinized to empower you as a decisive business leader capable of leading analytics teams.
Next, explore the SMB-A program structure
Open Sidebar Nav Related Links
- Program Structure
- Blended Learning Delivery
- Faculty & Research
- The OUtCoMES Cycle
- Applying and Deadlines
- Testimonials / Career
©2023 Fisher College of Business
2100 Neil Avenue, Columbus, Ohio 43210
If you have a disability and experience difficulty accessing this site, please contact us for assistance .
Examples of MBA Capstone Projects UCLA Anderson School of Management Capstone Project The MBA program at UCLA Anderson School of Management offers three capstone options: the Global Access Program (GAP), the Business Creation Option (BCO), and Anderson Student Asset Management (ASAM).
Check the topics for the capstone project examples below to pick one. Decide how deeply you will research the topic and define how wide or narrow the sphere of your investigation will be. Cybersecurity: Threats and Elimination Ways Data Mining in Commerce: Its Role and Perspectives Programming Languages Evolution Social Media Usage: How Safe It Is?
BSN Nursing Capstone Project Idea Examples Cardiac skills among teens Role of anesthesia nurses in palliative care. Review of nursing roles. HPV community awareness and vaccination. Prevention and management of dementia. The role of probiotics in preventing diarrhea caused by antibiotics.
Capstone projects vary not just in the type of project, also in the level at which they are done. There are projects for juniors and seniors in college as well as for postgraduate students. Here are some examples of the forms of projects depending on the academic level. In-depth research projects.
capstone examples QGT1 Business Management Capstone Written Project QGT1 - Capstone Project Show all 17 studylists... Lecture notes Date Rating year Ratings Practice materials Date Rating year Ratings Coursework Date Rating year Ratings Assignments Date Rating year Ratings Show 8 more documents Show all 24 documents... Essays Date Rating year
For most students, a capstone project is the last step in completing an MBA program. This is where you take everything you have learned during your coursework and put it into a practice by doing a thorough written analysis on a business administrative topic or question.
Best Capstone Engineering Project Ideas Mechanical: Gear based quick return mechanism Motorized chain mechanism Remote control car A robotic arm controlled with android Pedal-powered water purifier Electrical engineering: Development of electric hybrid motorcycle Solar panels and their directional control Red traffic light detector system
Projects are diverse and may include: Financial tasks such as analysing resourcing, funding, risk, compliance and governance, tax management and business law. Marketing, both internal and external, business development, strategic planning and communications. Relationship building with your host organisation and external suppliers and contacts.
Capstone Project Examples and Topic Ideas CapstoneWriting / Capstone Project Examples All samples Level High School College University Masters Categories Design, Analysis, and Critical Evaluation of Research Academic level: College Discipline: Statistics Paper format: APA Pages: 3 Order Similar View Sample starting at just $14/page
Best capstone project examples by expert writers Our brilliance can only be proven if you see our capstone project examples with your own eyes. Samples Discover our prices Figure out the cost of the service supported by rock-solid guarantees. All clients passed Turnitin
GRADUATE BUSINESS CAPSTONE HANDBOOK (MGT695C) School of Business and Management . National University. 11255 North Torrey Pines Road . La Jolla, CA 92037-1011. July 1, 2014 _____ The Project Handbook is periodically updated and corrected. Your feedback and comments will help improve this process.
The Capstone project is an example of an academic test. Once performing a great article, you verify your great knowledge and experience. There are strict requirements for familiar types of paper. Still, you need to pay attention to every one of them. In any case, proper format and structure matter. They assure an excellent final piece delivery.
Undertaking a capstone project demonstrates to prospective employers that you're more than just a potential candidate with the necessary academic qualifications. It shows your dedication to an issue which demands time and effort, as well as strict professionalism, work ethic and experience working in a practical, hands-on setting. 3.
For museum studies your capstone will have a main focus on (1) business of museums, (2) collections care, (3) exhibition design, (4) museum education, or (5) technology. Whatever focus you choose, you must have at least two courses completed in that area before enrolling in the precapstone tutorial. If not, your enrollment will not be approved.
Capstone Project Examples. All Capstone Business Projects should be completed in a total-organization framework that considers the impact on other departments and on a company's position and competitive . strength in the marketplace. The following are examples typical of past OEMBA Capstone Business Projects:
The capstone project in college is the apogee, or completion marker, of a student's coursework leading to the culmination of their program with a degree in their chosen field of study. The original definition of a capstone focuses on the actual stone placed at the top of a wall or building, marking the successful completion of the structure.
While a capstone and thesis serve similar functions, most MBA programs distinguish between the two projects. MBAs typically include practicum/internship components, enabling students to gain hands-on experience in professional business environments. Capstones build on this experience, requiring students to develop practical solutions to real ...
BEO Capstone Project Examples: Academic Year 2015/ 2016 This year, BEO will partner with 20 local organizations to provide capstone projects to students. Click here for capstone projects for academic year 2017/18 Click here for capstone projects for academic year 2016/17 Click here for capstone projects for academic year 2015/16
Set up the structure for the headings and subheadings in the sample capstone project outline template. The number of titles and subheadings will depend on the nature of your paper. Split the headings and subheadings further. However, remember that you can make changes later on.
Type of paper: Capstone Project Topic: Business, Commerce, Profit, Sociology, Entity, Marketing, Company, Community Pages: 1 Words: 300 Published: 03/08/2023 ORDER PAPER LIKE THIS Business covers a broad range of commercial, industrial or professional activities ("What is a 'Business'," n.d.).
The Pre-Capstone and Analytics Management Capstone courses are an experiential learning opportunity integrated throughout the SMB-A curriculum, which exposes you to leading organizations' real-world analytics challenges. You'll realize the full potential of the analytical skills acquired throughout the program, gain experience managing a small team and showcase your business expertise to a ...