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Art Class Curator
Hands-on and Minds-curious Art Learning
Yes! Art Is About Being Whole: A Memoir , my new book, is officially live!
Art printables, worksheets, and powerpoints.
Inside: A collection of printable art worksheets, PowerPoints, and lesson plans to use in art class. (Most of them are FREE!)
Art class should be about more than just making art! Art lessons should introduce students to a variety of works of art and allow them to explore the process, the history, and their own personal connections to the artworks they encounter.
Keeping a class full of students engaged while looking at art takes practice, confidence, inventive activities , and a variety of approaches. But most of us weren’t taught how to talk about art with kids . That’s why I’ve gathered some of my best printable art worksheets and downloads in one place! Most of these art lesson plans can be used for any grade level and there’s enough variety to keep elementary, middle, and high school students interested and intrigued.
Free Printable Art Worksheets
My favorite go-to art lessons come from the Art Appreciation Worksheet Bundle .
It’s as easy as 1, 2, 3! 1. Pick an artwork 2. Print one of the Art Appreciation Worksheets 3. Watch with joy as your students connect with and interpret art
The bundle includes 25 printable art worksheets, but everyone who signs up for Your Weekly Art Break , my email newsletter full of art inspiration, gets six FREE art appreciation worksheets . Fill out the form below to receive your free art worksheets and weekly art inspiration.
Art Appreciation Worksheets
In this free bundle of art worksheets, you receive six ready-to-use art worksheets with looking activities designed to work with almost any work of art.
Below, you’ll find a collection of the Art Class Curator posts that include art printables and downloads. These brains-on art activities will jump-start students’ critical thinking skills and breath new life into their art projects . All of these art lesson plans are all free unless otherwise marked. Most are printable PDFs, but the ones containing PowerPoints are marked.
Free Elements and Principles Printable Pack
This pack of printables was designed to work in a variety of ways in your classroom when teaching the elements and principles of art. You can print and hang in your classroom as posters/anchor charts or you can cut each element and principle of art in its own individual card to use as a lesson manipulative. Click here to download the Elements and Principles Printable Pack.
Elements & Principles Printable Pack
The Elements & Principles of Art are the foundation of every artwork, but teaching them can be a bore. Wake your students up and engage them with full color artworks, easy to understand definitions, and thought-provoking higher level thinking questions. This versatile resource can be hung in the classroom or used as an art manipulative.
Art Appreciation Printables
- Free Art Appreciation Printable Worksheet Bundle
- Art Appreciation Worksheet Bundle 25-Pack
- I am… Dorothea Lange: Exploring Empathy
- Character Analysis Art Activity: Twitter Perspectives
- Haikus about Art
- I See, I Think, I Wonder
- “I Feel” Word Wheel: Learning Emotional Literacy in Art Education
Art Appreciation Activities & Art Appreciation Lessons
- Art Description and Drawing Activity
- Virtual Art Museum Field Trip
- Complete the Picture: An Easy Art Appreciation Game for Kids
- Interpreting the Power of the Kongo Nkisi N’Kondi
Artworks Worksheets & Artworks Activities
- Art, Horror, and The Sublime: Symbolism in Pablo Picasso’s Guernica
- Kollwitz & Cassatt: Two Views of Motherhood in Art
- Rosa Rolanda Jigsaw Art Learning Activity
- Elements of Art Examples & Definitions
- Principles of Design Examples & Definitions
- Frida Kahlo’s The Two Fridas Art Discussion Lesson
- Art Analysis Activity for John Gast’s American Progress
- Art Around the World in 30 Days – China
- Masterpiece Monday: Manifest Destiny Art
Art Criticism Printables
Art criticism worksheets.
- SPARK: 5 Art Criticism Steps for Inspired Art Connections and Conversations
- Art History Student Study Guide Worksheets
Art Criticism Activities
- 82 Questions to Ask About Art
- Photograph Analysis Learning Activities
Art Criticism Lessons
- 4 Steps of Art Criticism Lesson
- What is Art? – Aesthetics Lesson Bundle
- Classical Sculpture Analysis Lesson
- Decoding Style: How to Teach Students to Read an Artwork
Puzzles About Art Printables
Teaching students about art and aesthetics is a great way to make them think about art in a new way. Aesthetics puzzles ignite exciting, meaningful classroom art discussions and flex students’ philosophical and critical thinking skills.
- Puzzles About Art: The Chimpanzee Painter
- Puzzles About Art: Call it Driftwood
More Art Printables
You can find more art lesson plans in the Art Class Curator store and on Teachers Pay Teachers . Sign up for Your Weekly Art Break to get six free art art worksheets and weekly art inspiration delivered to your inbox!
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*free bundle of art appreciation worksheets*.
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Free Elements of Art Worksheets for Middle or High School Art
These Free Elements of Art activities are the perfect way to support student learning, whether it be middle school, high school or homeschool art students. Students complete activities to demonstrate their knowledge of the Element of Color, Line, Shape, Value, Texture, Space and Form.
I want to take a moment to say thank you for everything you do for your students, whether it's at a large public high school or middle school, or a small homeschool group. You are making a difference in their lives by introducing them to the arts!
Click on the image below to download your free resources! Enjoy!
Elements of Art Worksheet
Don’t just write definitions of the elements of art, color the words with what each means instead. visual learning to the rescue.
Why Learn about the Elements of Art?
The seven Elements of Art help students think and talk in more detail about their art. By considering the Line, Shape, Form, Space, Color, Value and Texture in your work, they are able to analyze each category so they can understand them better. After all, if someone says, “I like your drawing because it has so much color and texture in it”, isn’t that a whole lot more helpful than if someone just says, “That’s a nice drawing”? Here are some simplified definitions of each Element of Art. LINE: One point moving around in space. SHAPE: A shape that looks flat, or two-dimensional. FORM: Something that appears to be three-dimensional. SPACE: When something has a sense of depth. COLOR: Made of three properties: hue, value, and intensity. VALUE: The lightness or darkness of colors. TEXTURE: The way things feel, or look as if they might feel, if touched.
Join “The Daily Draw” below to download this template!
For more ideas, check out my elements of art ebook.
How about an ebook then that is full of art projects that already have one or more of the Elements built right in? If so, you might be interested in this ebook that is designed to work with my Recycled Art Journal system (making art on half sheets of drawing paper) but can easily work on full sizes as well. There are 38 ideas with step-by-step tutorials inside!
More Helpful Resources
Easy How to Draw a Cupcake Tutorial Video and Cupcake Coloring Page
Easy How to Draw a Basket Weave Tutorial
Easy How to Draw a Christmas Stocking Tutorial and Stocking Coloring Page
Easy How to Draw The Flash Tutorial and The Flash Coloring Page
Easy How to Draw King Tut Tutorial and King Tut Coloring Page
Easy How to Draw a Balloon Dog Tutorial and Balloon Dog Tutorial
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3 Helpful Elements and Principles Downloads
How to teach the Elements and Principles of Art continues to be a hot discussion topic among art teachers. Some of us feel they are the building blocks of solid lesson planning and should be featured prominently. Others feel that they come naturally to students and can merely be referenced in passing.
Some of us love the traditional E’s and P’s but just can’t get on board with the Contemporary Elements. For others, it’s the opposite. Whatever your stance is on the Elements and Principles, we support you! It’s important you do what works best for you and your students.
Therefore, we’ve created some helpful downloads that can be used in a variety of ways in your classroom. Pass them out as reference guides for your students, hang them in your classroom, or use them for your own lesson-planning purposes.
Traditional Elements and Principles
Download your copy of Traditional Elements.
Download your copy of Traditional Principles.
Contemporary Elements (aka Postmodern Principles)
In addition to the traditional Elements and Principles, over the last few years there has been a growing and changing list of Contemporary Elements (or Postmodern Principles). Many teachers have been using these at the secondary level. Although the list is continuously in flux, we have compiled the seven most common ideas in the field for you in an additional download. These ideas would be great to include as vocabulary or to use as themes in your classroom. They are a great way to expand your students’ art language beyond the typical elements and principles definitions.
Download your copy of Contemporary Elements.
If you’re interested in reading more on this topic, check out these articles:
- New Ideas in Art: Time as an Element
- New Ideas in Art: Perspective
- New Ideas in Art: Text as an Element
- New Ideas in Art: Destruction
And, if you’re looking for even more ways to bring new ideas into your art curriculum, check out the course Designing Your Art Curriculum where you’ll dive deep into different teaching philosophies to find the one that best suits your students and your teaching style.
How do you incorporate the Elements and Principles in your art room?
Do you use Contemporary Elements/Postmodern Principles in your curriculum?
Magazine articles and podcasts are opinions of professional education contributors and do not necessarily represent the position of the Art of Education University (AOEU) or its academic offerings. Contributors use terms in the way they are most often talked about in the scope of their educational experiences.
Tracy Hare, a middle school art educator, is a former AOEU Writer. She strives to deepen students’ 21st-century skills by encouraging them to practice critical thinking and creative problem-solving skills.
5 Strategies to Overcome Chronic Absenteeism and 4 Effective Systems for Art Room Catchup
Building Student Resiliency Skills: 9 Ways to Nurture the Ability to Thrive in Adversity
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6 Secrets You Need to Know About Your Generation Alpha Art Students
Make a Mark Studios
Elements of Art Video Series with Free Guided Note Sheets
Looking for a helpful resource to teach the elements of art to your wonderful student artist? Check out this elements of art video series with matching guided notes sheets for students to complete with each video. If you use these FREE resources, please be sure to follow Make a Mark Studios on Facebook . Thanks in advance!
If you’d like to save time by purchasing all 7 worksheets in 1 quick download, click below or go to my TpT listing …
Free download of LINE guided notes sheet
Free download of SHAPE guided notes sheet
FREE download of VALUE guided notes sheet
Free Download of COLOR Guided Note Sheets
FREE download of TEXTURE guided notes sheet
FREE download of SPACE guided note sheet
FREE download of FORM guided notes sheet
Thanks for checking this out! If you interested in more FREE resources from Make a Mark Studios, check out our library for art teachers here. – Stephanie V.
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WI State Standards:
- AA Cr10h Investigate: Engage in critical thinking, problem solving, and research through elements and principles of art and design studio practices and processes. (aesthetics / problem solving)
- AA Cr11h Plan: Formulate original concepts by practice, experimentation, and revision. (planning/experimentation)
- AA Cr12h Make: Create works of art that introduce students to media, care of tools, and basic craftsmanship skills. (skills)
what will you learn?
The elements and principles of design are the building blocks used to create a work of art.
Elements of Art are the visual "tools" that artists use to create an art work - they are what makes up an image or an art object: line, shape/form, value, color, space, and texture.
Principles of Design are the ways artists use the Elements of Art in an artwork - this is "what we do with the Elements" - how we arrange them, how we balance them, what is being emphasized, etc. The principles are: balance, contrast, repetition, emphasis, and unity.
elements of art
Elements of Art are the visual "tools" that artists use to create an art work
Artists manipulate these elements, mix them in with principles of design and compose a piece of art. Not every work has every last one of these elements contained within it, but there are always at least two present.
For example, a sculptor, by default, has to have both form and space in a sculpture, because these elements are three-dimensional. They can also be made to appear in two-dimensional works through the use of perspective and shading.
There are six Elements of Art:
- Shape / Form
principles of design
Principles of Design are the ways artists use and arrange the Elements of Art in a composition.
The Principles of design is what we do to the elements of art. How we apply the Principles of design determines how successful we are in creating a work of art.
About me Mind Map
formative assignments (practice)
Line Repetition Design
Drawing with lines
Lines & Emotions
Focal point line drawing
Hand study 1
Hand study 2
Form construction & shading
White on Black
Layers and holes
semester 1 evaluation
focus on value
focus on coloring skills
Color wheel practice
Practice color scheme
Color scheme designs
Color scheme triptych
obscure color wheel
color scheme painting
color scheme portrait
1 point perspective
1 pt. perspective
Post in perspective
1 pt grid plan
Name in perspective
Room in perspective
Buildings in 1 pt. perspective
2 point perspective
2 pt perspective
2 pt grid plan
3 point perspective
3 pt perspective
city block with a story
semester 2 evaluation
focus on 3 elements
1. All assignments must be completed on or before the due date. 2. Unfinished artwork is graded as such. 3. If you are absent, it is your responsibility to make up all work. You can sign out art supplies if needed. 4. If your project requires extra time to be completed, you have to make arrangements with me prior the due date. This is your responsibility. 5. Each project has a rubric with specific requirements and guidelines. Follow them. 6. Unless an assignment specifically requires copying, it will be interpreted in the same manner as plagiarism. 7. You are also graded for your in-class studio work.
1. Food, drinks, candy, gum are not allowed in the Art rooms. A bottle of WATER is permitted in room 206 (only). 2. Cell phones are not allowed at any time. Phones should be turned off and put away. 3. Be in the room before the bell rings. Dropping your stuff and leaving does not qualify you as being on time. 4. Sit at your assigned seat unless I give you OK to move. That means you do not walk around the room during the class. 5. Talk quietly with students at your table. Do not talk during the instructional time. 6. Draw, paint, etc. on your artwork only! 7. Use materials from your tote-tray only... don't go into other people's trays. 8. You can bring your work home anytime. You are responsible for having it back next day. 9. If you must swear, please do it elsewhere... Thanks. 10. You are responsible for cleaning your work area and the tools that you used. 11. If you are in the Graphics lab, use the printers for the current ART assignments only!!! 12. Encourage your fellow classmates in a positive way... treat them fairly and nicely. This room should be a fun and comfortable place for everyone.
Essential standards for Art teacher's reference.
Elements of Art Worksheet: Download 10 Free Worksheets
Table of contents, elements of art worksheet.
Elements of Art Worksheet is a vibrant tapestry woven with various fundamental components known as the “Elements of Art.” These elements serve as the building blocks of artistic creation, guiding the way artists perceive, communicate, and express their ideas. From the foundational strokes to the final brushstrokes, understanding these elements is crucial for both novice creators and seasoned artists.
Introduction to Art Elements
Artistic creation is a symphony composed of various elements, each contributing its distinct note to the masterpiece. The Elements of Art encompass line, shape, form, space, texture, color, value, emphasis, balance, rhythm, pattern, harmony, and unity. These elements serve as the alphabet of art, enabling artists to construct visual language.
The humble line, the simplest yet most powerful element, is the starting point in any artistic endeavor. It defines shapes, directs the eye, and conveys emotion. From straight to curvilinear, lines play a pivotal role in art, allowing artists to create depth, movement, and character in their works.
Lines are the foundational elements in art, setting the stage for creativity. They’re not just marks on a canvas; they define shapes and guide the viewer’s gaze through a piece. Artists use various types of lines—straight, curved, thick, or thin—to convey different emotions and energies in their work. A single line can express movement, create boundaries, or even evoke certain feelings. Think of lines as the artist’s starting point—a way to outline their ideas and give form to their imagination.
Exploring Shape and Form
Elements of Art Worksheet shows Shapes, the basic building blocks of art. It offers structure and contour to artistic compositions. Meanwhile, form adds depth and volume, transforming 2D artworks into three-dimensional creations that resonate with the audience.
Shapes are the building blocks of art. They’re the outlines that give structure and form to an artwork. From basic circles and squares to more complex shapes, they define the edges and boundaries of objects within a composition. On the other hand, form is about taking these shapes and giving them depth and volume, making flat images feel three-dimensional. By playing with light, shadow, and perspective, artists breathe life into their creations, making them leap off the canvas.
Space and Texture
The concept of space in Elements of Elements of Art WorksheetArt Worksheet is not merely the absence of matter but a canvas where artists play with depth and perspective. Texture, on the other hand, adds richness and tactility, engaging the viewer’s senses.
Space isn’t just empty; it’s a canvas in itself. Artists use it to create depth and perspective, making some elements appear closer while others recede into the background. It’s like crafting a world within the confines of the artwork. Texture, in contrast, adds a tactile quality, inviting the viewer to feel the piece. It’s the roughness of a stone, the softness of a petal—adding a sensory dimension to the visual experience.
Color Theory in Art
Color, the emotional language of art, holds immense power in conveying moods, emotions, and symbolism. Understanding the color wheel and the psychology behind different hues is fundamental for artists to evoke desired responses in their audience.
Colors are the emotional language of art. Understanding the color wheel and the psychology behind different hues is key. Each color carries its own emotional weight, from the vibrancy of red to the calmness of blue. Artists use this emotional power to convey moods, create atmospheres, and even symbolize concepts within their work.
Value and Tone in Art
Value, the scale of lightness and darkness, shapes the depth and atmosphere in artworks. It is complemented by tone, which brings harmony and balance to compositions.
Value, the scale of lightness and darkness, isn’t just about black and white; it’s the spectrum that shapes depth and mood. Tone, on the other hand, is about finding the right balance in these shades, creating harmony and depth within an artwork.
Emphasis and Balance
Emphasizing elements creates focal points, guiding the viewer’s gaze through the artwork. Achieving balance in compositions ensures a harmonious visual experience.
Emphasis is like the spotlight in a performance—it draws attention to specific elements in the artwork, guiding the viewer’s eye. Achieving balance ensures that the composition feels harmonious and complete, with no one element overpowering the others.
Rhythm and Pattern in Art
Rhythm, akin to music, sets the pace and movement in artistic pieces, while patterns add visual interest and coherence.
Rhythm gives artworks a sense of movement and flow. It’s like the beat in music, setting the pace for how the eye moves across the piece. Patterns, on the other hand, add visual interest and coherence, bringing a sense of order and repetition that can be soothing or dynamic, depending on the artist’s intent.
Harmony and Unity
Creating harmony in art elements results in a coherent and pleasing visual experience. Unity brings together various elements, transforming them into a cohesive whole.
Harmony in art means creating a visual experience that feels unified and coherent. It’s about bringing all the elements together in a way that feels pleasing to the eye. Unity ties everything together, turning individual elements into a cohesive whole that resonates with the viewer.
The Role of Art Elements in Various Art Forms
The elements of art transcend mediums, playing vital roles in paintings, sculptures, design, and various other art forms.
These elements aren’t confined to just one type of art. Whether it’s a painting, sculpture, design, or any other form, these fundamental elements play a vital role. They’re the language every artist speaks, regardless of the medium they choose to express themselves.
Elements of Art Worksheet: Download Now (10 Worksheets)
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Teaching via Elements of Art Worksheet
For aspiring artists, learning these elements involves practical exercises and effective teaching strategies to grasp their significance.
Teaching Elements of Art Worksheet involves a creative journey, guiding students through the language of art. It begins by introducing the basic building blocks: lines, shapes, forms, space, texture, colors, values, and more. The focus is on demonstrating how these elements work together, allowing students to experiment and understand their significance in creating art. Teachers often use hands-on activities, visual examples, and discussions to help students grasp these concepts, encouraging them to explore their creativity within the framework of these fundamental elements.
Utilizing Elements of Art Worksheet in Personal Artwork
Implementing these elements in personal creations enhances artistry, lending depth and meaning to the artist’s vision.
For artists, harnessing art elements is like wielding a toolkit of creative possibilities. They use lines to define, shapes to structure, and colors to evoke emotions. Each element is a brushstroke on the canvas of their imagination. Artists experiment with these elements to convey their unique perspectives, making deliberate choices in how they use space, texture, and form to tell their stories. The art elements serve as the vocabulary through which artists communicate their ideas, ensuring that each piece reflects their personal style and vision.
Real-Life Applications of Art Elements
Beyond the canvas, art elements find application in advertising, branding, and various aspects of daily life, influencing perceptions and emotions.
Art elements aren’t confined to galleries or studios; they’re omnipresent in our daily lives. From the architecture of buildings to the design of everyday objects, art elements play a crucial role. Consider how lines and shapes define the structures we live in, or how colors and textures influence our preferences and emotions in fashion and interior design. Art elements also underpin digital interfaces, advertising, and branding, shaping our visual experiences and impacting our perceptions without us even realizing it.
Challenges and Pitfalls in Understanding Art Elements
Misconceptions and hurdles in comprehending these elements are common. Overcoming these barriers is key to mastering the language of art.
Understanding Elements of Art Worksheet can pose challenges, especially for beginners. One common hurdle is grasping the abstract nature of these concepts. For some, comprehending how lines, shapes, or colors translate into artistic expression can be daunting. Moreover, balancing these elements within a composition, ensuring harmony and visual appeal, can be a struggle. Artists may also face the challenge of breaking traditional norms and exploring unconventional uses of these elements, which demands courage and experimentation. However, these challenges offer opportunities for growth and innovation, pushing artists to expand their creative boundaries.
Elements of Art Worksheet Learn Now!
The Elements of Art Worksheet serve as the cornerstone of artistic expression, offering a palette for creators to communicate and resonate with their audience. Understanding these elements empowers artists to breathe life and meaning into their creations. Find more worksheets at this link .
Kids can alsi be introduced to abstract art and abstract art techniques by knowing main fundamentals.
Why are the elements of art crucial in artistic creation?
Elements of Art Worksheet serve as the foundational tools that artists use to express their ideas and emotions. They provide the framework for creative expression, allowing artists to communicate and evoke specific feelings or concepts within their work. Whether it’s the use of lines to convey movement or the manipulation of color to set the mood, these elements form the language through which artists bring their visions to life. Without these elements, artistic creation lacks structure, depth, and the ability to effectively communicate with the audience.
How can one teach the elements of art effectively?
Teaching art elements effectively involves a hands-on and comprehensive approach. It’s essential to engage students in practical exercises that allow them to experiment with each element. Using visual aids, demonstrations, and examples from various artists helps in illustrating how these elements are employed in different artworks. Encouraging discussions and analysis of famous pieces or cultural artworks helps students understand how art elements function across various styles and periods. Providing a balance between theoretical knowledge and practical application nurtures a deeper understanding of these elements.
Do art elements apply universally across different cultures?
Art elements possess a universal language that transcends cultural boundaries. While artistic styles and preferences may vary across cultures, the fundamental principles of art elements remain consistent. Lines, shapes, colors, and textures are utilized in diverse ways by artists from different cultures, reflecting their unique perspectives and cultural influences. However, the basic concepts of these elements remain constant, offering a common ground for artistic expression and understanding across various cultural contexts.
What role do art elements play in modern design and branding?
Art elements are fundamental in modern design and branding. They form the basis for creating visually appealing and effective designs. Lines, shapes, and colors are strategically employed to convey brand messages and create visual identities. Consistency in using these elements helps in establishing brand recognition. In digital and graphic design, elements like space, rhythm, and balance are crucial for creating engaging user experiences. The thoughtful use of these elements in modern design and branding influences consumer perceptions and shapes their interactions with products and brands.
Are there any common misconceptions about art elements?
One common misconception is that art elements have strict rules or formulas that artists must follow. While there are principles and guidelines, there’s ample room for creative interpretation and innovation. Another misconception is overlooking the interconnectedness of these elements. Sometimes, artists may focus too heavily on one element, neglecting its relationship with others, which can impact the overall composition. Understanding how these elements work together is essential for creating compelling and harmonious art.
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Elements of Art Worksheets: 7 Activities and Handouts
This worksheet bundle covers all 7 elements of art . This is a great way to teach the building blocks of art and lead into the principles of design. Ideal art activities and lessons for elementary art, middle, or high school art.
This printable pack has information on the front and activities on the back perfect for early finishers, sub plans, distance learning, or introduction to projects in elementary art, middle school art, and high school art classes. Google Slide versions have just been uploaded! Plus instructions on how to use the line, shape, and text box tools to digitally fill these out.
This worksheet pack covers all seven of the elements of art:
- Color (with colour spelling included)
The front of each worksheet includes pictures and information about each element of art. Each worksheet is designed in black and white and color versions. The pack includes colour and grey spellings in addition to color and gray.
The back of the worksheet is full of activities for the students to complete to help reinforce the information covered on the front. In addition, a lesson plan and instructions have been included for virtual learning purposes.
These worksheets are completely made by me.
- Do you love the look of these worksheets? Check out my digitally designed principles of design worksheets here.
- Check out my hand drawn elements of art worksheets here.
- I also have a set of hand drawn principles of design worksheets here.
- Need even more elements of art and principles of design resources? Check out my elements poster pack and principles poster pack.
✳Check out my other products here.
7 Elements of Art Worksheets, Activities, and Printable Posters
12 Principles of Design Worksheets: Digital Art, Graphic Design Classes
Elements of Art and Principles of Design Art Worksheets & Activities
Figure Proportions Printable Posters and Handouts
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Elements of Art Escape Room: Visual Art Digital Escape Room 360 for Art
- Google Apps™
- Internet Activities
- Easel Activity
What educators are saying
Also included in.
This Escape into Art digital escape room is a full 360° escape room that introduces your students to The Elements of art in a fun and engaging way. Students must solve clues for the seven elements of art and a final hidden clue!
By clicking on the play button in the center of the gallery the digital escape room opens. The start icon inside the escape is the setup for the game and gives the student instructions for the escape. There is eight clues and eight locks total.
- Line: Line definitions click and drag clue
- Shape: Kandinsky's "Color Triangle" puzzle
- Value: Video with quiz clue
- Color: Sort color schemes and unscramble quote
- Texture: Watch video then follow a link to open this lock
- Form: Crossword puzzle clue
- Space: Label painting with ways to create space,
- Hidden clue: Solve the riddle to unlock the final lock!
Why teach a digital escape room in the Visual Arts Classroom?
- Great for introducing students to the Elements of Art
- Reflect on what students have learned using the digital reflection sheet.
- The perfect way to start any art class at the secondary level.
- Reinforces logic and reasoning skills
- Student notes and assignment sheet provided as a TPT EASEL activity.
- Step-by-step teacher instructions with answer key is provided
- Promotes team building, cooperative learning, and deductive reasoning
Digital Escape Room Tip for Teachers:
There are many times when students will need to rely on reading instructions to get them to the next step. They will want you to give them the answers, but all the information is there for them to discover. Breaking students into teams really helps keep kids engaged and allows them to collaborate making this kind of activity even more fun. You will need to open both the PDF and the Easel Activity to access the link to the escape/instructions, as well as assign the digital notes sheet in Easel if you want the answers.
CLICK HERE to test that this escape room and the websites inside will work on your school computers. BE SURE TO CHECK ON A STUDENT'S COMPUTER
©2021 A Space to Create. Published Jun 21, 2020 . All rights reserved. Concept, Game Play, and Environment background created by Sabrina Wingren. You may not modify, copy, distribute, transmit, display, reproduce, publish, license, create derivative works from, transfer, sell or profit in any way from the use of this escape room without permission. This includes sites such as outschool where you are teaching a lesson for profit.
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The 7 Elements of Art
Every time you create an artwork there are 7 elements, or components, that your artworks consists of. More often than not we just take these elements for granted, or don't even give them a second thought.
They are however critical to the success of your artwork. By keeping them in mind as plan and create your artwork, you will end up with a much better artwork.
One that will be easier to look at as the person's eye will flow through your artwork more fluently. You will have control over how their eye moves through your painting - you will be able to lead them through the painting.
This is just one of the benefits of knowing the 7 elements of art. Let's dive right in by looking at what these 7 elements are:
What are the 7 Elements of Art?
The seven elements of art are line, shape, form, space, value, color and texture. These elements are the essential components, or building blocks, of any artwork. Any good artwork should consist of these 7 ingredients.
Element 1 - Line
Line is the most basic element of art. Without line the other elements couldn’t exist so let's start here and then we will gradually go more advanced.
A line can be thought of as a moving dot. If the dots overlap, it’s a solid line, if they don’t it’s a dotted line. A line has a beginning and an end and by its existence, creates an edge.
If a line joins up it forms an outline (also called a contour). An outline creates a shape.
Lines can be:
Long or short
Thick or thin A thick line gives emphasis and advances while a thin line recedes.
Straight Straight lines on the other hand are more mechanistic and dynamic and rarely found in nature.
Curved Curved lines change direction gently with no sharp angles and suggest comfort and ease to the viewer. Curved lines most often relate to the natural world.
Zigzag Zigzag lines alter direction fast and create feelings of unrest, turmoil and movement.
Diagonal Diagonal lines, give movement and dynamism to a composition.
Horizontal Horizontal lines create the feeling of stability and calm.
Vertical Vertical lines give the impression of height and strength and often have a spiritual connotation.
Imaginary Lines can be imaginary or implied; for example line of sight can be a very strong albeit invisible line along which the viewer’s eye travels. Also a pointing finger can send the viewers eye on a journey through the painting.
Three Dimensional Lines alone can also be used to create a three dimensional effect, (depth, in a 2-dimensional artwork. Hatching lines (straight or curved) are used to turn shape into form using value as seen the works of the masters like Rembrandt.
In summary lines can:
- Describe 2-dimensional shapes and 3-dimensional forms
- Create feelings of movement and emotion
- Create value and thereby show the direction of light
- Change 2-dimensional shapes into 3-dimensional forms with value
- Depict texture
Element 2 - Shape
When a line meets up to enclose a space, a shape is formed.
Shapes can be:
Geometric or organic.
Shapes are 2-dimensional, i.e. they have height and width but no depth e.g. a square. The best way to remember the shape element is to think of an outline.
Positive or Negative Shapes
The object you draw on your page is a shape enclosed in a frame. This frame may be a box you drew to designate the edges of your drawing area or the edge of the page if you didn’t draw a box. The object you draw is the positive shape. The rest of the space in your box (or if you didn’t draw a box then the rest of the page) is called negative shape.
Element 3 - Form
Form is the next step up from shape as we now add depth to it to create a three dimensional form.
A square (shape) vs a cube, a triangle vs a cone etc. etc. Form encloses volume i.e. height, width as well as depth.
In drawing and painting form can only be implied because they are 2-dimesional (flat) media. Artists must use tricks to fool the viewer’s eye so as to create the illusion of the third dimension i.e. depth. This is known as Trompe l’oeil and is achieved using tools like value (shading), colour and contour lines.
Here you can see how shading has been used to create the illusion of 3-dimensional objects on a flat wall:
Like shapes, forms can be geometric or organic.
Organic forms are common in nature while geometric forms are more characteristic of architecture and man-made items. Nature however also uses geometric forms on occasion. Examples are crystals and honeycombs.
Element 4 - Space
Space is what lies between, around or within an object.
To show space in a 2-dimensional medium the artist must use techniques to create the illusion of space between items that are in reality on a flat surface.
How do artists create this feeling of space between objects?
When an object is drawn or painted on top of another object the viewer’s eye interprets this as one object being in front of another implying there must be a space between them.
Objects higher up in the picture plane will seem to the viewer’s eye to be further away than objects placed low down in the picture frame.
Smaller objects look as if they are further away than larger objects. Notice how much smaller the house is in relation to the flowers.
The further away an object, the less detail is visible to the viewer. By purposely reducing the amount of detail in an object it will appear further away than an object with greater detail.
Colour and Value
Objects in the distance usually appear cooler (bluer) and lighter in colour. Close up objects appear warmer and darker in value.
Can be used to create the feeling of depth on a 2-dimensional surface. The most commonly used perspective types are linear and 2-point perspective.
Space can be either positive or negative in the same way as shapes can.
Negative space is all around the object, which is the (positive space) subject of the painting.
Negative space is very important and an artist must plan the negative space as carefully as the main subject.
Is there enough negative space to give the subject room to “breathe” or does it appear boxed in?
Negative space can be cut to a minimum or eliminated entirely for a very close up and intimate focus on the subject.
It can be greater on one side than the other, or greater at the top or bottom.
All choices which will affect how the viewer sees the overall composition.
Element 5 - Value
Value is how light or dark something is.
There is a scale of light and dark from pure white through to pitch black. The value of a colour depends on how light or dark it is compared to the value scale.
Getting the values right is more important than getting the colours right in painting. Value is what makes it possible to show 3-dimensional forms in a 2-dimensional surface.
By increasing differences in value, contrast is increased as well. A highlight will look brighter when surrounded by a dark value. Decreasing contrast will make objects visually recede into the picture plane and draw less attention.
The focal point of a painting is where you want to add the most contrast as this high contrast automatically draws the viewer’s eye.
If a painting is done on the lower (darker) edge of the value scale it is called a “low key” painting. Low key paintings give rise to a heavy, mysterious, dramatic, sometimes brooding feeling in the viewer.
By contrast “high key” paintings take their range of values from the upper end of the value scale and create emotions of lightness, quickness, spirituality etc.
Most paintings however use the full range of values from light to dark.
Value is what artists use to portray light and form. The further from the light the darker the value.
How value changes determines the form of an object.
If there’s a gradual transition in value it conveys to the viewer that the surface is gently rounded. This is called a soft edge.
If however there is a rapid transition between values it means there is an edge. This is called a hard edge.
Value is also used to create shadows which show light direction and anchor the object, preventing it from appearing as though it is floating.
Element 6 - Colour
Colour is created when light is reflected into the viewer’s eye.
In art, colours are arranged on a colour wheel. The colour wheel was developed by Isaac Newton who took the colour spectrum and bent it into a circle.
The colour wheel shows primary colours, (colours that can’t be mixed), secondary colours (made by mixing two primaries) and tertiary colours (made by mixing a primary and secondary colour).
Colour theory helps the artist to mix desired colours from primary colours. It’s only a theory and can’t be proven but it is nevertheless useful to the artist. Colour theory is based on the colour wheel, colour value and on which colours work well together - also called colour schemes.
There are various colour schemes which define the primaries. The most common is the Red, Yellow, Blue model. Another popular scheme uses Cyan, Magenta and Yellow as the primaries. There are several other and each works well in different situations.
Colour is described by its hue – red, green etc. (Hue the name we give a colour.)
A colour has intensity called chroma, also known as saturation, brightness or purity. The more pure the colour is (less of other colours mixed in), the more intense or saturated it is. In painting only small amounts of saturated colours are usually used as accents. Too much saturated colour can give a garish result. The chroma of a colour is not the same as its value.
Colours also have value. Value is how light or dark the colour is, as discussed in Element 5 above. Each colour falls on the value scale from light to dark. Yellow would be near the top (light end) of the scale while purple would be found near the bottom end. To change the value of a colour you follow the Colour Mixing Rules .
Art supply stores sell interactive colour wheels which are essential to the artist working with colour. I recommend this Color Wheel .
Element 7 - Texture
Actual texture is the way an object feels to the touch.
Drawing or painting texture on a 2–dimensional, flat surface is a challenge for artists. The artist must instead convey the illusion of the actual texture to the viewer on the flat surface.
How this is done is by the careful use of value and specific marks / brush strokes which then mimic the actual texture.
Every textured surface reflects light in a very particular way. Think of the difference in texture between a chrome ball and a concrete ball. The artist, through careful observation and the use of light and dark values, recreates this actual texture visually on the picture plane.
You can follow our tutorial in Drawing Weathered Textures to get a feel for how this is done.
It is possible to create actual 3D texture on a flat surface by the addition of texturing compounds which create a raised surface. Impasto paste is one way or you could even add sand etc. to the paint. Even thick paint will leave the texture of the brush marks for the viewer to see.
You can follow our tutorial on Texture Painting Techniques to see how you can add texture to your canvas.
It is also possible to create patterns by the repetition of shapes that creates 2D texture. This is often used in Op Art. (Optical Art).
I think you will agree that you have been using many of the seven elements throughout your artworks without even realising it.
Now that you are however aware of these elements, you can look out for them as well as look out for ways to incorporate more of them into your artworks.
This will add extra depth, dimension, texture and interest to your artworks, taking them to a whole new level.
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Elements of Art
The elements of art are the fundamental components used by artists when creating a work of art. These elements, often referred to as the building blocks of art, include line, shape, value, colour, space, texture, and form. Artists use all of these elements together help create the composition of an artwork, to express meaning and to create the impression of a scene or subject.
In this guide, discover what the elements of art are and how you can use them to create successful compositions.
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Line is one of the most basic elements of art and it can be used to create many different effects. Lines can be straight, curved, angular or organic and they may be thick or thin. They can also denote direction, such as horizontal or diagonal. Lines can also be used to suggest movement, value, depth and texture within a piece of art.
An artwork can be created with just line alone, look at line art drawings, where artists use pens or pencils alongside the hatching or cross hatching techniques to create the impression of light and shadow in different subjects.
Shapes are two-dimensional forms that are defined by an outline or border. They can be geometric such as squares, circles and triangles, or organic like free-form shapes. Artists use shapes to represent a subject, for example, drawing the shape of a leaf in a landscape piece.
Complex shapes draw more attention from the viewer than simple shapes and large shapes draw more attention than smaller shapes, due to the inherent visual weight these types of characteristics have. William Morris repeated shapes and design motifs in his designs to create his famous patterns . The shapes all appear complex, organic and representational .
Value is the lightness or darkness of a colour used in an artwork. Light and dark values create depth and perspective and also emphasise certain elements within a composition. Value is created by mixing black or white with a colour.
Denman Ross created the value scale in 1907. In the Denman Ross value scale, 1 represents white and 9 represents black. Using a value scale can help artists determine relative values in their reference, which can aid them in mixing. For example, it can tell artists how much black or white to mix into their colours to match it to the colours in their reference.
Chiaroscuro is the technique of using highly contrasting light and dark values in an artwork. Oil painters such as Caravaggio and Rembrandt used this technique in their oil paintings to create drama, atmosphere and focal points.
Colour is an important element of art which helps to bring life to an artwork. Colour is the way in which humans perceive wavelengths of light and is further categorised by hue, saturation and luminance.
Primary colours such as red, blue and can be mixed to create secondary and tertiary colours. In art, these primary and secondary colours correspond to particular pigments which can be mixed to create new tones and hues.
Colours evoke different feelings in people and they can be used to help express an artist’s emotional state. Colour theory is the study of the applications of colour in art and is an important concept to understand when creating artworks, as it can help artists to become faster and more accurate at colour mixing and help artists create colour harmony with intent in their designs.
Artists may also choose to use a colour scheme in their artwork to bring unity to a painting. Monet used colour schemes extensively in his paintings. The split complementary scheme in the ‘Banks of the Seine at Jenfosse’ creates variety , whilst unifying different sections of the painting.
Space is the area around, within and between shapes that creates a sense of depth within an artwork. Positive space is defined as the space in artworks occupied by subject or objects, while negative space is the area around and between the subjects. Negative space could include the background, or sky for instance, however this can depend on the context of the artwork. You can see how Escher uses positive and negative space cleverly in his artwork ‘Metamorphosis II’. The repeated elements of the insects on the left morph into appearing as negative space between the fish in the middle, then transform into bird shapes on the right hand side of the artwork. Escher played with using similar shapes and consistent values to create a transformation of occupied space in this artwork.
Depending on how the artist has chosen to position and space elements within an artwork, feelings of harmony , unity and tension can be created. When subjects and objects are placed within close proximity of one another, it can create a sense of tension but also a sense of unity . However, when subjects and objects are more evenly space, the composition will appear more balanced .
Texture refers to the surface quality of an object or material that can be seen and felt. It can make a painting look more three-dimensional or realistic and it also helps to create a sense of depth, movement and rhythm .
Sculptures have inherent texture to them, with paint, artists can add additives to paint to enhance texture. For example, by adding cold wax to oil paint, it will thicken the mixture and make the paint retain brushstrokes on the canvas.
Form is a three-dimensional object that has mass and volume. It occupies space and it can be viewed from any angle. Sculptures are considered to have three dimensional form, while subjects within a painting can have the appearance of form. Forms can be organic or geometric, simple or complex and either abstract or representational. When using media to create two dimensional artworks, such as pencil or paint, artists can create the impression of form by using shape, colour and values to give the illusion of three dimensionality.
Examples: Elements of art
Vincent van Gogh used the elements of art in interesting and unique ways to create novel, symbolic and eye catching compositions. For example, he used the complementary colour scheme of purple and yellow in his famous painting ‘The Starry Night’ to create contrast and dynamism. Additionally, the use of repeated, textured brush strokes creates a sense of movement and rhythm. The brushstrokes appear as lines moving and swirling in the sky, which adds to the sense of atmosphere in the piece.
Gustav Klimt use different elements to create harmony and variety in his artworks. For example, in his painting ‘The Kiss’, he repeats geometric, simple shapes across the clothing of the figures, creating subtle contrast and variety by introducing blocks of colour. The repeated elements unify the design and create rhythm.
Principles of design
The principles of design are the effects that can be created by arranging visual elements in such a way to create a successful composition . These include balance, contrast, emphasis , repetition , variety, proportion , scale , movement, pattern, rhythm and unity.
Balance can be achieved through a symmetrical or an asymmetrical composition ; artists use this by arranging their elements in such a way that it feels harmonious and unified. For example, the artist could repeat a similar shape on one side of the canvas to match a shape on the other. This symmetry offers balance to the composition.
Artists can create the effect of contrast by using elements that are dissimilar to one another together. For example, colours on opposite ends of the colour wheel contrast with each other, because they are dissimilar in hue. By placing orange next to blue, the two colours contrast against and therefore emphasise each other.
Formal analysis is the process of looking at and examining the elements, principles and techniques used in an artwork. By observing an artwork and breaking it down into its component parts, one can gain deeper understanding of how the elements interact with each other to create a unique composition. Viewers can also elicit important information about the context of the artwork, such as the style of the artist , the date it may have been created and the meaning behind the work. This can help to identify which techniques were used to create the artwork and why.
For instance, Impressionist artists such as Monet used looser shapes to represent subjects, compared to Renaissance artists , with more textured brush strokes and more vivid colours. This is a style that was common during the 19th century. By doing a formal analysis of a painting like this, the viewer could glean information such as the century that the painting might have been from and the intent behind representing the subject in this manner.
Visual weight of elements
The visual weight of an element is determined by its size, shape, colour and value. Larger shapes or darker colours tend to have more visual weight than smaller shapes or lighter colours. This is because they appear to be more dominant on the canvas and draw the eye’s attention more.
For example, in a portrait piece, the artist might use dark tones to emphasise certain features of the subject’s face. This would draw viewer’s attention to these points on the canvas and create focus.
The importance of the elements of art
The elements of art are the building blocks of any artwork. By understanding and using each element effectively, an artist can create compositions that have clarity and purpose. Study how to use them in combination with one another, to create visual effects such as balance or contrast. The visual weight of elements is also important in creating focus and emphasis on particular points of the composition.
Formal analysis is a great tool for understanding the elements of art and how they interact together in a piece. Viewers can understand the style and context of artwork by looking at how the visual elements created it.
Overall, the elements of art are important components in creating a successful artwork. Knowing how to use them effectively will help any artist in creating compositions that have impact and meaning.
Elements of Art Worksheet
a mark or stroke usually made with a drawing tool the range from light to dark the outline of an object drawn with a continuous line the look or feel of an object using many different elements of art the focus or the main idea repeating elements of art how the elements work together three colours used to make all other colours colours made when mixing 2 or more primary colours colours opposite one another on the colour wheel yellow, red and all the colours inbetween blue, green and all the colours in between
science crossword molecules and atoms
Eleanor and Park
Elements of Art
Force, Motion and Simple Machines
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