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Plan, Prepare & Make the Best Career Choices

Land Pollution Essay

As the global population continues to grow, the pressure we're putting on our planet's finite resources also grows. With more people comes more development, which often leads to more pollution. Here are some sample essays on land pollution.

100 Words Essay On Land Pollution

Land pollution, also known as soil pollution, is the contamination of soil by solid or liquid waste. This occurs when the waste from industries, homes, farms, and other sources is not disposed of properly. It can cause a number of environmental problems, including water pollution and air pollution. Every little bit counts, so please do your part to help fight land pollution.

Land Pollution Essay

There are steps we can take to combat land pollution. Governments and organisations need to invest in renewable energy sources and green technology. Consumers need to be more mindful about their consumption habits. And everyone needs to do their part in raising awareness about this important issue.

200 Words Essay On Land Pollution

Land pollution is a huge environmental issue that requires global efforts to resolve.

Reducing Land Pollution

There are some simple things everyone can do to make a difference. Starting at home, you can make a conscious effort to reduce the amount of waste you produce. This means recycling and composting as much as possible, and choosing environmentally friendly products.

When it comes to land pollution, you have the power to take the right steps in curbing its effects. It starts with reducing the amount of waste you generate, and seeking out sustainable solutions. Reduce your consumption of non-degradable materials like plastics, Styrofoam, and glass. Try using more eco-friendly items such as bamboo straws or beeswax wraps instead. Not to mention, this will also reduce the number of trash items that end up in landfills each year.

The next time you look out your window and see a barren wasteland of brown soil, consider planting some vegetation – it will not only help reduce land pollution, but it will make the area more visually appealing too! You can get involved in your community by supporting campaigns to clean up local waterways and parks, and by pressuring your government to strengthen environmental laws.

500 Words Essay On Land Pollution

When you think about land pollution, what comes to mind? Plastic bags caught in trees? The vast open-pit mines that scar the earth? Factory smokestacks billowing pollutants into the sky? All of these images are correct, and they only begin to scratch the surface of the problem.

One type of pollution that is often overlooked is land pollution. This is the contamination of land by waste, chemicals, and other pollutants. The impact of land pollution can be devastating, and it's important to understand the different ways we can combat it.

Causes of Land Pollution

The main causes of land pollution are careless waste disposal, agricultural runoff, industrial accidents, and oil spills.

Careless waste disposal | Careless waste disposal is one of the causes of land pollution. When people don't dispose of their trash properly, it often winds up in our waterways and oceans. This garbage then decomposes and releases harmful toxins into the environment.

Agricultural runoff | Agricultural runoff is also a major cause of land pollution. Fertilisers and pesticides used in farming often end up in our soil and water supplies. These chemicals can contaminate our food and water, and can be toxic to both humans and animals.

Industrial accidents | Industrial accidents are another major contributor to land pollution. When factories and chemical plants dump their waste illegally, it can seep into our soil and water supplies. This hazardous material can be extremely damaging to the environment and can be toxic to both humans and animals.

Oil spills | Oil spills are perhaps the most well-known type of land pollution. When large quantities of oil are spilled into our waterways, it can contaminate the water, kill wildlife, and damage the local ecosystem.

The effects of land pollution are wide-ranging and can be devastating. Toxic runoff can contaminate waterways and soil, leading to serious health risks for people and animals. Deforestation can strip away crucial habitats, while mining and drilling can cause irreparable damage to the earth.

How to Reduce Land Pollution

If you’re looking to reduce land pollution, there are several steps you can take.

You can compost food scraps and leaves to help turn them into valuable soil nutrients that plants need to grow. Composting not only reduces the amount of plastic and other materials going into landfills—it also helps add nutrients back into the soil that was deprived from farming practices.

Shop local whenever you can. Visit a farmer’s market for fruits and vegetables rather than buying them from large grocery stores. This helps support local farmers who may be using less damaging farming practices than large industrial farms, and reduces the amount of packaging waste generated by long-distance transport of food products.

Sustainable Solutions for Land Pollution

Instead of throwing away electronic waste, donate them to organisations that shred and recycle them responsibly.

Switch to reusable bags when you're out shopping.

When it comes to gardening, opt for native plants and grasses that are suited for your area's climate—they require less water and maintenance than exotic plants.

Introducing vegetation helps to reduce soil erosion which can help to improve land fertility. Additionally, trees prevent soil erosion by stabilising soils with their roots, especially in areas susceptible to natural disasters like landslides or flooding. Do your bit to protect our lands so that we have a better future.

Explore Career Options (By Industry)

  • Construction
  • Entertainment
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  • Information Technology

Bio Medical Engineer

The field of biomedical engineering opens up a universe of expert chances. An Individual in the biomedical engineering career path work in the field of engineering as well as medicine, in order to find out solutions to common problems of the two fields. The biomedical engineering job opportunities are to collaborate with doctors and researchers to develop medical systems, equipment, or devices that can solve clinical problems. Here we will be discussing jobs after biomedical engineering, how to get a job in biomedical engineering, biomedical engineering scope, and salary. 

Data Administrator

Database professionals use software to store and organise data such as financial information, and customer shipping records. Individuals who opt for a career as data administrators ensure that data is available for users and secured from unauthorised sales. DB administrators may work in various types of industries. It may involve computer systems design, service firms, insurance companies, banks and hospitals.

Cartographer

How fascinating it is to represent the whole world on just a piece of paper or a sphere. With the help of maps, we are able to represent the real world on a much smaller scale. Individuals who opt for a career as a cartographer are those who make maps. But, cartography is not just limited to maps, it is about a mixture of art , science , and technology. As a cartographer, not only you will create maps but use various geodetic surveys and remote sensing systems to measure, analyse, and create different maps for political, cultural or educational purposes.

Operations Manager

Individuals in the operations manager jobs are responsible for ensuring the efficiency of each department to acquire its optimal goal. They plan the use of resources and distribution of materials. The operations manager's job description includes managing budgets, negotiating contracts, and performing administrative tasks.

Remote Sensing Technician

Individuals who opt for a career as a remote sensing technician possess unique personalities. Remote sensing analysts seem to be rational human beings, they are strong, independent, persistent, sincere, realistic and resourceful. Some of them are analytical as well, which means they are intelligent, introspective and inquisitive. 

Remote sensing scientists use remote sensing technology to support scientists in fields such as community planning, flight planning or the management of natural resources. Analysing data collected from aircraft, satellites or ground-based platforms using statistical analysis software, image analysis software or Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is a significant part of their work. Do you want to learn how to become remote sensing technician? There's no need to be concerned; we've devised a simple remote sensing technician career path for you. Scroll through the pages and read.

GIS officer work on various GIS software to conduct a study and gather spatial and non-spatial information. GIS experts update the GIS data and maintain it. The databases include aerial or satellite imagery, latitudinal and longitudinal coordinates, and manually digitized images of maps. In a career as GIS expert, one is responsible for creating online and mobile maps.

Database Architect

If you are intrigued by the programming world and are interested in developing communications networks then a career as database architect may be a good option for you. Data architect roles and responsibilities include building design models for data communication networks. Wide Area Networks (WANs), local area networks (LANs), and intranets are included in the database networks. It is expected that database architects will have in-depth knowledge of a company's business to develop a network to fulfil the requirements of the organisation. Stay tuned as we look at the larger picture and give you more information on what is db architecture, why you should pursue database architecture, what to expect from such a degree and what your job opportunities will be after graduation. Here, we will be discussing how to become a data architect. Students can visit NIT Trichy , IIT Kharagpur , JMI New Delhi . 

Ethical Hacker

A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startup owns its cyberspace on the world wide web. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path try to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he or she succeeds in it then he or she gets its illegal authority. Individuals in the ethical hacker career path then steal information or delete the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization.

Budget Analyst

Budget analysis, in a nutshell, entails thoroughly analyzing the details of a financial budget. The budget analysis aims to better understand and manage revenue. Budget analysts assist in the achievement of financial targets, the preservation of profitability, and the pursuit of long-term growth for a business. Budget analysts generally have a bachelor's degree in accounting, finance, economics, or a closely related field. Knowledge of Financial Management is of prime importance in this career.

Investment Banker

An Investment Banking career involves the invention and generation of capital for other organizations, governments, and other entities. Individuals who opt for a career as Investment Bankers are the head of a team dedicated to raising capital by issuing bonds. Investment bankers are termed as the experts who have their fingers on the pulse of the current financial and investing climate. Students can pursue various Investment Banker courses, such as Banking and Insurance , and  Economics to opt for an Investment Banking career path.

Treasury analyst career path is often regarded as certified treasury specialist in some business situations, is a finance expert who specifically manages a company or organisation's long-term and short-term financial targets. Treasurer synonym could be a financial officer, which is one of the reputed positions in the corporate world. In a large company, the corporate treasury jobs hold power over the financial decision-making of the total investment and development strategy of the organisation.

Product Manager

A Product Manager is a professional responsible for product planning and marketing. He or she manages the product throughout the Product Life Cycle, gathering and prioritising the product. A product manager job description includes defining the product vision and working closely with team members of other departments to deliver winning products.  

Underwriter

An underwriter is a person who assesses and evaluates the risk of insurance in his or her field like mortgage, loan, health policy, investment, and so on and so forth. The underwriter career path does involve risks as analysing the risks means finding out if there is a way for the insurance underwriter jobs to recover the money from its clients. If the risk turns out to be too much for the company then in the future it is an underwriter who will be held accountable for it. Therefore, one must carry out his or her job with a lot of attention and diligence.

Data Analyst

The invention of the database has given fresh breath to the people involved in the data analytics career path. Analysis refers to splitting up a whole into its individual components for individual analysis. Data analysis is a method through which raw data are processed and transformed into information that would be beneficial for user strategic thinking.

Data are collected and examined to respond to questions, evaluate hypotheses or contradict theories. It is a tool for analyzing, transforming, modeling, and arranging data with useful knowledge, to assist in decision-making and methods, encompassing various strategies, and is used in different fields of business, research, and social science.

Finance Executive

A career as a Finance Executive requires one to be responsible for monitoring an organisation's income, investments and expenses to create and evaluate financial reports. His or her role involves performing audits, invoices, and budget preparations. He or she manages accounting activities, bank reconciliations, and payable and receivable accounts.  

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Construction Manager

Individuals who opt for a career as construction managers have a senior-level management role offered in construction firms. Responsibilities in the construction management career path are assigning tasks to workers, inspecting their work, and coordinating with other professionals including architects, subcontractors, and building services engineers.

Carpenters are typically construction workers. They stay involved in performing many types of construction activities. It includes cutting, fitting and assembling wood.  Carpenters may help in building constructions, bridges, big ships and boats. Here, in the article, we will discuss carpenter career path, carpenter salary, how to become a carpenter, carpenter job outlook.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Naval Architect

A Naval Architect is a professional who designs, produces and repairs safe and sea-worthy surfaces or underwater structures. A Naval Architect stays involved in creating and designing ships, ferries, submarines and yachts with implementation of various principles such as gravity, ideal hull form, buoyancy and stability. 

Welding Engineer

Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Field Surveyor

Are you searching for a Field Surveyor Job Description? A Field Surveyor is a professional responsible for conducting field surveys for various places or geographical conditions. He or she collects the required data and information as per the instructions given by senior officials. 

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.

Veterinary Doctor

A veterinary doctor is a medical professional with a degree in veterinary science. The veterinary science qualification is the minimum requirement to become a veterinary doctor. There are numerous veterinary science courses offered by various institutes. He or she is employed at zoos to ensure they are provided with good health facilities and medical care to improve their life expectancy.

Pathologist

A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Gynaecologist

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

Audiologist

The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

Dental Surgeon

A Dental Surgeon is a professional who possesses specialisation in advanced dental procedures and aesthetics. Dental surgeon duties and responsibilities may include fitting dental prosthetics such as crowns, caps, bridges, veneers, dentures and implants following apicoectomy and other surgical procedures.

Optometrist

Individuals in the optometrist career path can work as postsecondary teachers, occupational amd industrial safety programs, consultant in the eye care industry or do research in optometry colleges. Individuals in the optometrist career path can also set up their own private clinics and work independently. In an overpopulated country like India, the demand for optometrist is very high and is expected to rise further in the coming years. In India, the population to optometrist ratio is two lakh to one, whereas it is ten thousand to one in developed countries like the US. 

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Talent Agent

The career as a Talent Agent is filled with responsibilities. A Talent Agent is someone who is involved in the pre-production process of the film. It is a very busy job for a Talent Agent but as and when an individual gains experience and progresses in the career he or she can have people assisting him or her in work. Depending on one’s responsibilities, number of clients and experience he or she may also have to lead a team and work with juniors under him or her in a talent agency. In order to know more about the job of a talent agent continue reading the article.

If you want to know more about talent agent meaning, how to become a Talent Agent, or Talent Agent job description then continue reading this article.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.

Choreographer

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Careers in videography are art that can be defined as a creative and interpretive process that culminates in the authorship of an original work of art rather than a simple recording of a simple event. It would be wrong to portrait it as a subcategory of photography, rather photography is one of the crafts used in videographer jobs in addition to technical skills like organization, management, interpretation, and image-manipulation techniques. Students pursue Visual Media , Film, Television, Digital Video Production to opt for a videographer career path. The visual impacts of a film are driven by the creative decisions taken in videography jobs. Individuals who opt for a career as a videographer are involved in the entire lifecycle of a film and production. 

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A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

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In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

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Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

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A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

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Production Manager Job Description: A Production Manager is responsible for ensuring smooth running of manufacturing processes in an efficient manner. He or she plans and organises production schedules. The role of Production Manager involves estimation, negotiation on budget and timescales with the clients and managers. 

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Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

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Essay on Land Pollution – 10 Lines, Short and Long Essay For Kids

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Key Points To Remember When Writing An Essay On Land Pollution For Lower Primary Classes

10 lines on land pollution in english for kids, a paragraph on land pollution for children, short essay on land pollution for kids, long essay on land pollution in english for kids, what will your child learn from land pollution essay.

The inevitable cost of human negligence can be seen in land and ocean pollution. All the waste we generate has to go somewhere, and it often ends up mostly in the soil. This article will show you how to write an essay for classes 1, 2 and 3 on land pollution. Pollution comprises human litter and the chemical waste released into the ground through industrial activity and agriculture. As a topic, a land pollution essay in English is one of the most significant things children can write about. They must learn the facts and express them compellingly so that the narrative influences the readers.

Here are important tips to keep in mind before writing a land pollution essay:

  • Essays about land pollution need to be informative; therefore, start by collecting important information about the problem.
  • Split long-form essays into what land pollution is, the causes, effects and remedies in the respective order.
  • Include a message about raising awareness and how individual responsibility matters.

Children in the lower grades are not asked to write more than a few lines on land pollution. One-line essays for classes 1 and 2 are ideal for such write-ups. Here is an example:

  • Any contamination of the soil and ground caused by human activity is called land pollution.
  • Various activities, such as waste disposal, industrial activity, mining, and agriculture, contribute to land pollution.
  • Land pollution is harmful to the environment and ecosystems.
  • Chemicals seeped into the soil through land pollution make their way into our food and cause diseases.
  • The use of pesticides and artificial fertilisers in agriculture affects plants and animals.
  • Land pollution in cities is mostly caused by dumping non-biodegradable waste.
  • Pollutant gas, released by automobiles and industries, comes down as acid rain and pollutes the land.
  • Deforestation and climate change also lead to accelerated land pollution.
  • Strict laws need to be implemented to protect the earth from further pollution.
  • More importantly, individuals need to take responsibility and pollute less.

A short paragraph needs to capture the idea of land pollution in only a few sentences. Here is an example:

Land pollution has been a growing concern for many decades. As the human population increases, so does human activity, resulting in waste contaminating the land. While land pollution is directly caused by dumping waste, agriculture, and mining, indirect means include air pollution, global warming, and climate change. Uncontrolled land pollution has detrimental effects on the environment and human health. Land pollution is already a cause of several human and animal diseases. More awareness and strict laws are essential to control it.

Children can write a short essay on land pollution once they are confident in writing a paragraph. Here is an example of a short land pollution essay:

Approximately 71% of the earth’s surface is covered by water, and only 29% is dry land, which houses the whole of the human civilisation, all of the forests, plants, and animals. Human activity such as industrialisation, transportation, agriculture, etc., releases tremendous amounts of waste materials to land. Because of inefficient management, most of the trash produced by people in the cities ends up in landfills while only some of it is recycled. The consequence of all of this is land pollution.

Land pollution encompasses both the litter and chemical waste produced by human activity, seeping into the soil and accumulating over time. The effect of land pollution is that the natural environment is contaminated, affecting plants and animals. Land pollution leads to diseases as polluting chemicals such as heavy metals get absorbed in food grown on degraded land. The overall consequence of land pollution is land degradation and disease for humans, plants and animals. Awareness regarding the dangers of land pollution needs to be raised so it can be controlled for the betterment of the future.

Long essays on this topic can dive deeper into the concepts of land pollution. Here is an example of a long essay on land pollution for class 3:

Environmentalists have raised alarms about pollution and its effects for decades. Human activity in every form generates waste that cannot be recycled completely. The consequence of it is that our surroundings are polluted. Land pollution is the deterioration of the land and soil on the earth’s crust which has a detrimental effect on nature, including humans.

Land pollution is caused by human activities starting from the generation of waste produced in cities. Every day thousands of tons of non-biodegradable waste in the form of plastic is produced in the cities. The plastic waste is often mixed with metal, wood, and organic matter. It is usually uneconomical to separate the constituents for recycling; hence large portions of the waste are dumped into landfills around the city. As land gets filled with trash, deforestation becomes the next option to acquire more land to fill up with trash. Eventually, harmful chemicals from these landfills seep into the groundwater and come back to people. Land pollution is also caused by other activities such as agriculture and mining.

Land pollution is hazardous to all kinds of life, including plants, animals, and humans. Chemical substances that leech into the soil accumulate in the food chain. Eventually, when humans consume these contaminated foods, the pollutants enter the human body and cause diseases. Land pollution also harms entire ecosystems, killing plants and animals.

Land pollution can be reduced by being more mindful of our daily habits as each person contributes to the bigger picture. Using less plastic and more biodegradable materials, buying organic food rather than industrial produce, and leaving behind a smaller carbon footprint can help reduce land pollution. Raising awareness in the community and educational institutions is also critical in creating a mass movement to reduce waste. Campaigning for stricter laws that reduce pollution and protect the environment is also essential to bring about a change. The biggest factor that can make a difference is taking up individual responsibility to live a life with less waste.

What Are The Causes Of Land Pollution?

There are three major sources of land pollution:

1. Solid Waste  

Solid waste is mostly the waste products generated as trash in the cities by people every day. It includes plastic waste such as covers and containers, electronic waste from discarded appliances, and other non-biodegradable waste products.

2. Industrial Chemicals  

Chemicals in industrial waste and sewage in the city carry harmful substances that settle in the soil, which are further spread by rain and water.

3. Agricultural Activities  

The use of pesticides, fertilisers, and equipment that generate a lot of chemical and solid waste is another reason for land pollution.

What Are The Effects of Land Pollution?

Here are the effects of land pollution:

  • Toxic materials collect at different places around the cities and leech harmful chemicals into the soil.
  • Non-biodegradable waste that is openly disposed contaminates soil and water.
  • The physical breakdown of plastic creates microscopic plastic particles that enter the systems of plants, animals, and humans.
  • Land pollution contaminates the food grown on farms and animal meat.
  • Land pollution leads to the collapse of fragile ecosystems.

Ways To Reduce And Prevent Land Pollution

Here are some ways to reduce land pollution:

  • Use biodegradable materials such as paper and cloth instead of plastic.
  • Dispose of waste by segregating them into dry and wet waste.
  • Dispose of plastic waste at collection centres for waste recycling.
  • Reuse items such as carry bags and containers for different purposes.
  • Avoid using one-time plastic priducts.
  • Buy organically grown produce.

The essay on land pollution is an important topic for children as it teaches them to reflect upon the need of the hour and gives them essential knowledge about this crucial subject. They can craft their essays on the topic with the information presented above.

Land pollution is an alarming problem that is only growing by the day, and children must learn about it to act fast to reduce its effects. Essays on land pollution are a chance for children to familiarise themselves with the topic.

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  • Essay on Land Pollution

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An Introduction

Land pollution is one of the most common types of pollution which we are facing right now. Land pollution takes place anytime and due to different scenarios. Even the acts of nature such as hurricanes and floods can lead to land pollution. One of the main reasons for the contamination of the land is by the urban and rural areas as they do the soil's poor management. Likewise, depending on the site at which the land has been contaminated, the pollution may be low, or it could be at a high threat level. Today with different land pollution paragraphs, we will be trying to explain the importance of decreasing land pollution and steps to keep land pollution low. 

Land Pollution Essay for English Exam

The essay on land pollution should be taken seriously as land pollution can have a detrimental impact on animal and human health and both water and air quality. Compounds that are used in the environment can easily cause decay in several ways. Even the use of fertilizers for crops, pesticides and insecticides can harm the land on which it has been sprayed over. 

Another big problem that leads to land pollution is soil erosion, which is caused by deforestation and trees' cutting. As a result, the amount of land left for farmers for farming and other agricultural operations gets reduced. In 2016, 75 billion tons of soil in the world was lost due to various human-made issues and deforestation. Moreover, the importance of keeping the soil intact to the ground is because 95 percent of the food which humans consume is produced in soil across the globe. Thus, making land pollution an even more significant concern for the food industry. 

Land Pollution Paragraph and Key Points

Agriculture and household runoff.

One of the major reasons for Land pollution is untreated waste generated by Households and Agriculture. The waste is not segregated into dry and waste hence its breakdown becomes difficult and it adds to the Land Pollution. The dry waste includes plastics, textile, glass etc which cannot be decomposed and recycled.

Whereas, the wet waste includes vegetable peel off, dry leaves, hair, stale food that are items that could be recycled through composting. If we do not segregate our waste into dry and wet waste they all go into one single bin and are buried inside Earth. This leads to seepage of such items into Land that results in pollution.

The use of digital devices for work and education purposes has increased manifold in the last few years. Where do you think all the e-waste goes? The laptops, mobiles, tablets that we use increases land pollution when it is not properly discarded. 

Hazardous Waste

Hazardous waste includes light bulbs, batteries, fertilizers, pesticides, paints that runoff and pollute the land and water resources. 

Mining  

What are the causes of land pollution? Well, the first one we can think of is mining. Humans have been mining for more than 200 years, and since its beginning, the ever risk of subsidence or the collapse of top layers is growing at a rapid pace. In those areas where the mining has been done extensively, the land has already been collapsed several times, leading to loss of life and property. One of the hardest collapses ever recorded happened in England when the coal mine collapsed, and tons of soil erosion took place, wiping the whole school, which had to face the first impact of the massive overflow. 

Nuclear Waste

This type of waste is produced in nuclear power plants where scientists use nuclear reactors to form electricity in massive amounts. In addition to this, once the electricity is created, the process which uses the reactors leaves radioactive waste that can't be dumped like your regular household waste. One of the common radioactive wastes is plutonium, which needs to be disposed of in the ground covered from all sides by steel silos so that no radioactive waves can escape to the nearby land. Also, this waste takes thousands of years before it can finally stop radiating radiation. Nevada is the desert In the US, used as a nuclear waste facility for the US government. This causes some of the adverse effects of land pollution, making it inhabitable for animals and the human community.

Examples of Land Pollution

In this essay on land pollution for students and children, we have already explained different land pollution methods. One of the latest examples of land pollution that caused heavy damage to wildlife is Goa's forest's deforestation for the construction of railway lines to support the factories and coal mining. 

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FAQs on Essay on Land Pollution

1. Does writing a 500 words essay on land pollution be sufficient enough?

Land pollution is a vast topic, and it covers various aspects of pollution. This ranges from pollution being spread on the land by the factories to the pollution of human waste. One can use reports to write up the land pollution essay to make it look more attractive, and they present it with pictures to look pleasing to the eyes. However, there is no use of all this data and photos if the essay's quality is not up to the mark. Thus, if you are writing an article about land pollution, you need to make it more concise and stick to the topic. Even 500 words are enough for an essay on land pollution, but you need to make those 500 words count.

2. Do animals contribute to land pollution in any way possible?

No, animals in no way are causing land pollution whatsoever. Many people might think they do excrete out waste material, but that too is a biodegradable waste, meaning it can quickly decompose in the land and leaves no mark on the ground. On the other hand, the machines and the factories that humans have built produce waste that can't be decomposed easily, making the waste material stay on the land for years to come. As a result, humans and their machines are the main culprits of land pollution. Before the invention of the steam engine, there was zero to minimum land pollution on earth, and now in the 21 st century, it is one of the biggest concerns we have for this planet.

3. How can we deal with land pollution?

We have to adopt the strategy of the 3Rs- Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Reduce the existing consumption, reuse items without throwing them away after first use and recycle them at an industrial scale. 

Small efforts from our side like carrying a cloth bag while shopping, throwing waste in dustbins only, segregating waste into dry and wet waste, composting in our homes, schools, and communities will help reduce Land Pollution.

4. Why is land pollution harmful?

Land pollution is not only harmful to the land but also for water bodies and the organisms that live inside it. When the untreated waste seeps into land it pollutes the soil, affects the agricultural crops, and enters our food chains. When the pollution on land enters the sea, it affects marine organisms when they swallow microplastics. It affects the overall health of human beings when we eat seafood.

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Essay on Land Pollution : Causes, Effects & Solutions

February 2, 2021 by Study Mentor 2 Comments

We are very familiar with various types of pollution . We know a lot about air pollution , water pollution , noise pollution etc.

This is because these are the types of pollution that we face on a daily basis. We see the effects of these types of pollution in front of us. It is basic human tendency to believe what we see.

But there are other types of pollution that we ought to be aware of. One of this has to be land pollution. It is less heard of and people aren’t exactly aware of its existence.

What is land Pollution, what are the causes, what are the effects, what can we do about it, are just some of the questions that we have to ponder over when we think of it.

Table of Contents

What is Land pollution?

In simpler terms, land pollution could be broadly defined as the contamination and deterioration of land quality by various factors.

The top layer of soil is the only layer capable of sustaining vegetation and plant life. Due to various natural and man-made factors, this top layer of the soil gets corroded and polluted.

What makes the top layer capable of sustaining plant life is the nutrients present in the layer. These nutrients compliment and support plant life.

So when the top most layer of our lands corrode, plants are left malnourished and they wither away very easily. Land pollution is as old as others forms of pollution, or we may say they are even older.

Since the time man began to use land for cultivation in an agrarian economy, the lands began to be exploited in uneven ways.

At earlier times, exploitation was not large scale and even if it was, sustainability was not an issue.

In today’s world of unlimited progress and steady development, manhandling and destruction of lands is limitless and causes one think of when there would be a full stop to it, or would there ever be one.

Unregulated and unprecedented use of irrigation techniques are one of the main reasons of land pollution. It is quite evident that the degree of land pollution greatly increased after the Industrial Revolution.

On one hand, rampant industrialization throws open many opportunities and helps overcome unemployment.

At the same time the economic sphere of the country is bound to run on fast wheels due to industrialization. But the side effects of urbanization, a result of rapid industrialization cannot be overlooked either.

Causes of land pollution

Just like many other forms of pollution, land pollution can also be attributed to pollutants, substances and contaminants that harm the environment.

Effluents from factories, industries and residential areas, when not properly segregated and managed, find their ways into the soil, depositing tonnes of chemical waste into the earth.

These substances pollute the top layer, depriving it of essential nutrients required by vegetation to sustain.

Deforestation is a major issue in today’s world. Forests are being cut down mercilessly as we see many concrete structures replacing these woods.

This is done to accommodate large factories and residential blocks that humans build for commercial purposes. Deforestation completely alters the land structure.

The forest areas that once filled the green cover are now messed up in dry and fragile lands, receiving very less or scanty rainfall and turning to arid zones.

Once the fertile lands are converted to barren landscapes for the purpose of constructing buildings, it is totally an irreversible process wherein the occupied land can never be made fertile and nutrient rich again.

Nuclear plants are used to generate electricity, and it is a non-conventional source of energy . Though it does help reduce the exhaustion of conventional fuels, it has its own share of disadvantages.

Since nuclear plants work on nuclear reactors generating large amounts of energy, they tend to produce waste in huge amounts.

Effects of land pollution

The unchecked use of plastics does terrible destruction to the land. When we sip water in plastic bottles or dispose plastic cans after sipping juice or soft drinks from them, we don’t realize what damage we have caused to the land that we are part of.

Plastic is without doubt non-bio degradable. It takes many millions of years for plastic contents to settle inside the earth’s inner regions and well before that, it all lies strewn on the surface, unattended to and really of no good use.

Plastic bags in the form of carry bags and covers lie strewn on streets and in the midst of garbage piles. When the same plastic enters a cow’s intestine, it does good harm to the cow, literally choking its digestive tracts.

Not just that, the milk produced from such cows would also be expected to be kind of artificial milk that contains the toxicities of plastic and other such harmful substances. This is the worst scenario and outcome of land pollution.

Nuclear radioactive wastes are harmful, they contain radioactive material and they have to be dumped underground, away from humans.

This form of dumping takes away the radioactive dump away from human interaction but on the other hand pollutes the land from within.

Water pollution also affects the ground, since waste water containing harmful chemicals eventually seep into the earth. This again pollutes the top layer of soil.

Land pollution ruins the soil, on which crops could have been planted. Not just man made reasons, even nature can sometimes contribute to land pollution.

In the event of a flood, tonnes of silt are deposited by excess water turning fertile lands into saline areas. It is impossible to grow crops on saline lands.

Mining is one of the key reasons of land pollution.

Since humans dig humongous holes in the ground for mining, there is always a threat of a land slide or surrounding areas caving in with no proper support for the land to stay erect and strong.

This endangers human life on a large scale as entire villages could be victims of a landslide or soil loosening could bring down huge establishments of huts and not-so-strong village houses.

Some of the human activities completely change the land structure. This could spell trouble for the atmosphere as it can cause drastic climatic changes.

As more waste is produced, more lands are identified that could be converted into even beds for landfills. Landfills change the aesthetic properties of the region.

In short, they are converted into garbage dumping zones. As the land is deprived of its ability to produce crops, life is greatly affected as it could lead to famines and starvation on a wide scale.

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Solutions to land pollution

One of the basic things that we can do to prevent further pollution of the land is to spread awareness about it.

We must try to convince people to use less plastic packaged items, which would ultimately end up in garbage landfills. We must promote the use of more biodegradable materials and thus, do our part in saving the planet.

These days, paper bags are encouraged in place of plastic carry bags. The reason is paper can be recycled, if not, it can be easily converted into its bio-degradable form.

Rather than let the earth rot and contaminate with non-bio degradable constituents, we can thus find alternatives to toxic elements on earth.

Plastics and plastic items should be totally banned from cities as they are of no good use.

There can be suggestive alternatives that could well be implemented on a large scale to initiate a change in the right direction.

Also, garbage segregation at collection points, at homes plays a good role in proper waste management and disposal methods.

If we are able to segregate wet and dry wastes, the collecting units would be easily helped in taking the right garbage out to the right place for dumping and disposal. Non- decomposable wastes or dry wastes could be treated separately.

We should be conscious about clean surroundings and take responsibility to act with care.

Throwing waste bits here and there, messing the streets with leftovers, etc. could only indicate a bad sign of our own ill-thinking and reflect our poor hygiene practices.

We should teach the next generations to care for a green earth by first setting up an example ourselves. We should always lead by example.

Land pollution is actually a composite of much pollution locked in one nutshell. It may be a combined outcome of water and soil pollution, soil and air pollution, or for that matter, land contamination alone too.

Polluting our surroundings with whatever seems unwanted to human life has been the norm since ages and now a threshold has been reached, wherein actions have to be taken to correct all our wrong doings.

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Essay on Pollution for Students and Children

500+ words essay on pollution.

Pollution is a term which even kids are aware of these days. It has become so common that almost everyone acknowledges the fact that pollution is rising continuously. The term ‘pollution’ means the manifestation of any unsolicited foreign substance in something. When we talk about pollution on earth, we refer to the contamination that is happening of the natural resources by various pollutants . All this is mainly caused by human activities which harm the environment in ways more than one. Therefore, an urgent need has arisen to tackle this issue straightaway. That is to say, pollution is damaging our earth severely and we need to realize its effects and prevent this damage. In this essay on pollution, we will see what are the effects of pollution and how to reduce it.

essay on pollution

Effects of Pollution

Pollution affects the quality of life more than one can imagine. It works in mysterious ways, sometimes which cannot be seen by the naked eye. However, it is very much present in the environment. For instance, you might not be able to see the natural gases present in the air, but they are still there. Similarly, the pollutants which are messing up the air and increasing the levels of carbon dioxide is very dangerous for humans. Increased level of carbon dioxide will lead to global warming .

Further, the water is polluted in the name of industrial development, religious practices and more will cause a shortage of drinking water. Without water, human life is not possible. Moreover, the way waste is dumped on the land eventually ends up in the soil and turns toxic. If land pollution keeps on happening at this rate, we won’t have fertile soil to grow our crops on. Therefore, serious measures must be taken to reduce pollution to the core.

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Types of Pollution

  • Air Pollution
  • Water Pollution
  • Soil Pollution

How to Reduce Pollution?

After learning the harmful effects of pollution, one must get on the task of preventing or reducing pollution as soon as possible. To reduce air pollution, people should take public transport or carpool to reduce vehicular smoke. While it may be hard, avoiding firecrackers at festivals and celebrations can also cut down on air and noise pollution. Above all, we must adopt the habit of recycling. All the used plastic ends up in the oceans and land, which pollutes them.

land pollution school essay

So, remember to not dispose of them off after use, rather reuse them as long as you can. We must also encourage everyone to plant more trees which will absorb the harmful gases and make the air cleaner. When talking on a bigger level, the government must limit the usage of fertilizers to maintain the soil’s fertility. In addition, industries must be banned from dumping their waste into oceans and rivers, causing water pollution.

To sum it up, all types of pollution is hazardous and comes with grave consequences. Everyone must take a step towards change ranging from individuals to the industries. As tackling this problem calls for a joint effort, so we must join hands now. Moreover, the innocent lives of animals are being lost because of such human activities. So, all of us must take a stand and become a voice for the unheard in order to make this earth pollution-free.

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FAQs on Pollution

Q.1 What are the effects of pollution?

A.1 Pollution essentially affects the quality of human life. It degrades almost everything from the water we drink to the air we breathe. It damages the natural resources needed for a healthy life.

Q.2 How can one reduce pollution?

A.2 We must take individual steps to reduce pollution. People should decompose their waster mindfully, they should plant more trees. Further, one must always recycle what they can and make the earth greener.

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Essay on Land Pollution for Students in English | 500 Words Essay

December 20, 2020 by Sandeep

Essay on Land pollution: The contamination of land due to continuous deposits of solid and liquid waste materials entering the soil and underground water resources is broadly defined as land pollution. It is caused by hazardous chemical substances, floods, hurricanes and dumping of garbage. To control land pollution, we should opt for reusing, recycling and reducing garbage substances.

Essay on Land Pollution 500 Words in English

Below we have provided Land Pollution Essay in English, suitable for class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10.

We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect. – Aldo Leopold

Human beings have always put their comfort in front of mother nature. We have been selfish and always tend to take care of our needs. In an aim to lead a carefree life on this planet, people are responsible for several pollution’s – Air, water, noise and the most fatal of them all; land. Land pollution is the deterioration of land resources as a result of various human activities. It is a giant danger to the environment and all life forms on earth. Land pollutants exist in all three forms; solid, liquid and gas.

Causes of Land Pollution

There are numerous factors that cause land pollution to arise. Due to the increasing population , urbanisation is on the rise and so are the number of households. These households are responsible for generating waste. Waste is of two types; biodegradable and non-biodegradable. Biodegradable waste is the waste that is organic in nature and can be broken down by microorganisms into simpler molecules. It includes waste like leftover food, wood, paper, etc. On the other hand, non-biodegradable waste is waste that is not organic, and that cannot be broken down into simpler parts by bacteria.

Plastic cans and containers, electronic items, metals, etc. all come under this category. It is the non-biodegradable waste that is difficult to dispose off. This waste is simply dumped onto land. Areas where garbage and trash are dumped, are known as landfills. It is a site for discarding unwanted materials. When these landfills get full, the garbage in them is burned in order to create more space. This activity results not only in land pollution but further contributes to increasing air pollution as well. Forests, which are an exhaustible natural resource , are being cut at a rapid rate.

The trees hold essential soil in their roots. But when they are cleared, the quality of the soil, as well as the land, is degraded. Man clears these green stretches for his own purpose, including mining, construction, etc. The soil even further worsens because of the usage of artificial insecticides and pesticides used by farmers and agricultural workers. Industries also add to the damage by disposing off chemical waste onto barren lands. Mining is another commercial activity that involves digging deep into the soil, along with heavy machinery and equipment. Acid rain caused due to air pollutants further pollutes the land. When the contaminated rain falls on the earth, it damages the soil properties and even effects underground water.

Effects of Land Pollution

Land pollution can prove to be hazardous and fatal to life in more than one way. Areas that have garbage accumulated near them are a breeding ground for various rodents and illnesses. Humans living near these spaces are prone to respiratory diseases and cancers. The housing near these dumps are available at lower rates, but they make it next to impossible for humans to inhibit such surroundings. As a result of this, the resourcefulness of land is reduced.

Land pollution can further lead to skin allergies for people who come in contact with toxic materials or parts. The soil near these landfills gets extremely contaminated and also effects the vegetables and fruits growing in them. When people eat this harmful food, they become sick as a result of the land pollution caused. Increase in land pollution involving the clearing of forest areas has brought the ecosystem in an imbalance.

Prevention of Land Pollution

Adopting a few small habits can go a long way in curbing land pollution. There should be a reduction in the usage of chemical insecticides and pesticides. Use more of natural manure to grow the crops. Bio-fertilizers can also be made use of. Instead of using harmful chemicals to keep notorious rodents away, farmers can introduce the rodent’s enemy in that particular area to protect the harvest. Planting more trees or reforestation is another method that can be adopted. Trees help to bring back the vital nutrients required in soil and also prevent floods from happening.

It further increases biodiversity and protects from soil erosion. Thus, restoring land fertility. Industries, households and other institutions should make it a point to treat their waste before disposing it off. Reducing the chemical component and toxicity level of the waste content can be a fair start.  In some countries, there are strict procedures that need to be followed by factories in the treatment of waste disposal. If these laws are not followed, hefty fines and penalties are imposed on the faulting party. This helps to curb land pollution.

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Essay on Land Pollution for Children and Students

Table of Contents

Land pollution is a major problem these days, especially in the urban regions. The consequences of this type of pollution are no less fatal than other types of pollution such as air pollution and water pollution. Land pollution is increasing day by day. It is caused due to solid wastes which are increasing because of the growing number of industries.

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Long and Short Essay on Land Pollution in English

Here are essays on Land Pollution of varying lengths to help you with the topic in your exam. You can select any land pollution essay as per your need:

Land Pollution Essay 1 (200 words)

Land pollution is a big threat to the environment. It is growing by the day owing to the increasing population as well as the rise in the industries around. Due to the increase in population and the growth of urbanization forests are being cut at a rapid pace to accommodate people. Forests are being turned into industrial and residential areas. Deforestation causes land pollution as it degrades the soil quality. Increase in population has also given rise to the household waste which again leads to land pollution.

The increase in the number of industries has added to the industrial and chemical waste. This type of waste is extremely hard to dispose and it contributes to the worst type of land pollution. Mining activities also cause harm to the land and cause pollution. The waste material that does not get disposed off easily decays over time and begins to produce foul smell. It does not only lead to land pollution but also contributes to air pollution and is a cause of various illnesses.

Land pollution and various other types of pollution are not just a problem in India but a global issue. The government of different countries must look into this matter seriously. People must also work on their level to bring it down.

Land Pollution Essay 2 (300 words)

Introduction

Land pollution is considered to be one of the worst kinds of pollution. This is because it gives way to various other types of pollution thereby degrading the environment immensely.

Reasons of Land Pollution

Land pollution is caused due to various reasons; here is a look at the various causes of pollution:

  • Solid Waste

The solid wastes generated at home, hospitals, schools and markets such as plastic containers, cans, plastic, electronic goods, etc fall under this category. While some of these are biodegradable others are non-biodegradable and are hard to dispose. It is the non-biodegradable waste that causes major land pollution.

  • Deforestation

Forests are being cut at a rapid pace to fulfil various human needs. Trees are essential for the soil as they help it retain various essential nutrients. Cutting trees for the purpose of mining, urbanisation and other reasons degrades the soil and is considered to be a kind of land pollution.

Chemical waste is hard to dispose of. Both liquid and solid waste derived from insecticides, pesticides and fertilizers are either thrown in landfills or other places. It spoils the soil and creates yet another type of land pollution.

  • Agricultural Activities

A number of high end agricultural techniques are being used by the farmers these days to ensure higher yield of crops. Over usage of these techniques such as excessive use of pesticides and insecticides causes dripping on the ground and degrades the soil. Fruits and vegetables grown here are also not considered healthy. It is considered to be a type of land pollution.

Land pollution is giving rise to numerous diseases and making it difficult to lead a healthy life. The government must take measures to control it and we must also contribute whatever we can in this direction.

Land Pollution Essay 3 (400 words)

Land pollution is caused because of solid wastes. The problem is growing by the day because of the growing amount of waste products and lack of proper waste disposal options. Waste products from factories and households are disposed off in open spaces thereby causing land pollution.

Consequences of Land Pollution

The growing pollution is a cause of concern. It is causing irreparable harm to the environment as well as the living beings. The various harmful consequences of land pollution are listed as follows:

  • Waste products accumulated in an area for a few days get contaminated and create foul smell. Passing by such areas can be extremely difficult due to this reason. Living in areas with dumping grounds nearby seems next to impossible. People fear incurring diseases caused due to land pollution. Besides, the foul smell that these areas exhibit constantly are a big put off.
  • The price of the land in localities located near garbage dumping grounds is comparatively lower because the area is not considered worth inhabiting. Despite the low rates, people do not prefer renting or purchasing property here.
  • Toxic materials that contaminate land can interfere with the respiratory system of the human beings as well as animals. This is also the cause of various respiratory diseases that are proving to be fatal for the mankind.
  • Landfills are often burned to get rid of the waste products and lower the land pollution. However, this ends up in air pollution which is equally bad for the environment and life around.
  • Land pollution can cause skin allergies and other skin problems if people come in direct contact with the waste materials that cause it.
  • Land pollution is also a cause of various kinds of cancers.
  • Land filled with toxic materials is a breeding ground for mosquitoes, flies, rats, rodents and other such creatures. The diseases transmitted due to these tiny creatures are known to all. Various kinds of fevers and illnesses are on a rise due to these.
  • Land pollution caused due to over usage of pesticides and other chemicals contaminates the agricultural land.
  • Vegetables and fruits grown on soil that is contaminated cause various kinds of diseases.

There is no doubt about the fact that in an attempt to make our life more comfortable we are ruining the environment. It is time we must work towards bringing down land pollution to lead a healthier and happier life.

Land Pollution Essay 4 (500 words)

Land Pollution is caused due to various human activities and also because of natural factors. Some of the reasons of land pollution include over usage of pesticides, lack of options to dispose industrial and agricultural waste, deforestation, growing urbanization, acid rains and mining. All these factors degrade the soil and hamper the agricultural activities. They are also a cause of various illnesses in animals and human beings.

Ways to Curb Land Pollution

Land pollution is on an all time rise and so are its harmful consequences. While the government and other organizations are working at their level to bring it down, you can also contribute towards lowering the same by making a few small changes in your daily life. Here are some of the ways in which you can curb land pollution:

  • Make use of biodegradable products instead of non-biodegradable products wherever possible. This is because it is easier to dispose of biodegradable waste.
  • Have food that is grown without the use of pesticides. Such food products are marked pesticide or fertilizer free so you can easily distinguish these from the others. This will encourage farmers to avoid the usage of pesticides.
  • If you have space it is a good idea to grow organic vegetables and fruits at home.
  • A lot of paper, ribbons and other materials are wasted on packaging these days. It is suggested to go for products that have little packaging.
  • Avoid the usage of poly bags. The government has banned the use of these bags in many states however people still use these. Poly bags are hard to dispose off and contribute to a lot of land pollution.
  • It is also suggested not to use plastic utensils and other plastic items. This is because plastic in any form is difficult to dispose of.
  • Use paper or cloth bags when you go for shopping. It is advised to do so as these are reusable. Cloth bags have an edge over the paper ones as these can be washed and reused numerous times.
  • Segregate trash by disposing of the wet and dry waste separately in two different dustbins. The Indian government has already started this campaign and distributed green and blue dustbins for the segregation of the waste products. A number of green and blue dustbins have also been planted in various areas in different cities across the country.
  • Do not waste paper; limit its usage. Avoid using it wherever possible. Numerous trees are cut each year to generate paper. Cutting of trees is also a cause of land pollution. It is a good idea to go digital.
  • Use cloth or reusable dusters and brooms instead of paper wipes or tissues.

Don’t just practice all these yourself but also spread awareness about these ideas by sharing them with your friends and relatives.

Land pollution, just as various other forms of pollution, is a threat to the environment. It is degrading the quality of life on earth. It is time we must all join hands and contribute our bit towards reducing the same.

Land Pollution Essay 5 (600 words)

It is rightly said, “A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself”. Land pollution has an adverse effect on the living beings as well as on the environment as a whole. It is one of the main causes of the growing number of illnesses around.

Causes of Land Pollution

Land pollution is caused owing to various factors. These factors are both natural as well as those induced by man. Here is a look at the various reasons for the same:

  • Industrial Waste

One of the biggest causes of land pollution is the industrial waste. Lack of proper options to dispose of the industrial waste which is generated in vast quantity leads to land pollution. The chemical and toxic waste is thrown in large dumping grounds that breed mosquitoes, flies, rats and rodents. It gives way to various illnesses as well as air pollution.

Mining is essential for the extraction of minerals and metals that are used in various day to day products. It causes mass destruction of trees and plants and degrades the land. The digging of soil and use of heavy machinery to carry out the process of mining causes land pollution.

While it is essential to use pesticides for growing crops and it is alright to do so however over usage of the same can be harmful. This is because in addition to killing the organisms that hamper the growth of plants these medicinal sprays also kill the microorganisms that are useful for plant growth. Besides, over usage of pesticides and other chemical products contaminates the soil and degrades it. It causes land pollution and the place no longer remains fit for agriculture.

  • Cutting of Trees

We all know that trees play a vital role in maintaining biodiversity which is essential for creating ecological balance. They also help in enhancing the soil fertility and increasing soil aeration. However, unfortunately forests are being cut at a rapid pace. This exposes the soil to direct sunlight which is harmful in many ways. It makes the land barren by extracting all the water and also kills microorganisms that are useful for the soil. The damage caused to the soil is counted as land pollution.

Acid rain that is caused due to chemical pollutants present in the atmosphere also degrades the soil to a large extent and causes land pollution. It also contaminates the water present underground.

Segregation of Waste Products

As stated above lack of options to dispose the industrial wastes and household garbage properly leads to the worst sort of land pollution. We can reduce the harmful effect of land pollution if we segregate the waste products based on their type. These are classified into three categories – Organic, Reusable and Recyclable wastes. This is mostly done manually. However, it is a tedious task. We can contribute our bit towards it by separating the dry waste from the wet waste. It is suggested to keep separate dustbins for these types of wastes and dispose them of accordingly.

Recently, the Modi government carried out a campaign for disposing of the wet waste in the green dustbins and dry waste in the blue dustbins. Thousands of green and blue dustbins were distributed in Delhi, Chandigarh and various other cities across India. Several others were planted in different areas with the aim to ease the waste segregation process.

We often complain that the government is not taking proper measures to bring down the land pollution. But are we doing our bit to lower the same? No! On the contrary we are only adding to it, knowingly or unknowingly. It is high time we must take it as our duty to lower the pollution level by making whatever effort we can at an individual level.|

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Land Pollution: Causes, Effects, And Solutions For The Future

Land Pollution

Land pollution is a serious problem that impacts humans, animals, and the earth. Without taking measures now to reduce pollution levels, permanent changes to the land can occur. The adverse changes to the environment due to land pollution are subtle, but the problem is much bigger than it appears.

Even though most people have a general understanding of pollution , they may not realize the significance of land pollution. Here is a look at land pollution, its causes, its impact, and solutions to the problem.

What Is Land Pollution?

The basic definition of land pollution is the destruction and contamination of the land through the direct and indirect actions of humans. The pollution results in changes to the land, such as soil erosion. Some of the changes are irreversible, while others are not.

The effects of land pollution do not necessarily appear overnight. It is the result of long-term destruction from human activities. For instance, the damage from chemicals from an oil spill can take months or even years to be fully realized.

Causes of Land Pollution

There are several known causes of land pollution. Of those, there are six factors that contribute more than others.

1. Deforestation and soil erosion

When forests are cleared for development and to meet the demand for wood supply, the soil is loosened in the process. Without the protection of the trees, the land becomes barren over time and starts to erode.

2. Agricultural chemicals

Part of the farming process often involves the use of harmful pesticides and insecticides to protect crops. However, the chemicals can cause the land to become barren. The once-fertile soil is then more susceptible to environmental elements, such as the wind.

3. Industrialization

The Industrial Revolution may have resulted in significant positive changes to the economy and society, but it also led to significant pollution of the land. Through unsafe disposal practices for chemicals used in manufacturing, poor regulation, and the overwhelming number of industries and factories that are polluting the land daily, industrialization has become one of the main contributors to the pollution problem.

The mining process can lead to the creation of large open spaces beneath the surface of the earth. This can result in the land caving in, which compromises the integrity of the land. Mining also results in harmful chemicals, such as uranium, being disturbed and released into the environment.

5. Landfills

The garbage found at landfills is filled with toxins that eventually seep into the earth. During rains, the toxins are washed into other areas and the pollution is spread. As the population grows, the amount of garbage filling landfills also grows.

6. Human sewage

Untreated human waste can produce toxic gases that can seep into the ground. As with air pollution, the soil quality is negatively impacted, and land nearby can be contaminated. In addition to this, the probability of human illnesses occurring increases.

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Soil Pollution – Causes, Effects and What To Do About It?

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Essay on Land Pollution

Students are often asked to write an essay on Land Pollution in their schools and colleges. And if you’re also looking for the same, we have created 100-word, 250-word, and 500-word essays on the topic.

Let’s take a look…

100 Words Essay on Land Pollution

Introduction.

Land pollution refers to the degradation of earth’s surface caused by human activities. It involves the contamination of soil, reducing its quality and productivity.

Causes of Land Pollution

Land Pollution is primarily caused by improper waste disposal, deforestation, industrialization, and urbanization. These activities introduce harmful substances into the soil.

Effects of Land Pollution

Land pollution affects the natural balance of the environment. It harms the habitats of animals, causes health problems in humans, and reduces soil fertility.

To prevent land pollution, we need to practice responsible waste disposal, promote reforestation, and regulate industrial activities. Every individual’s effort counts in preserving our environment.

Also check:

  • 10 Lines on Land Pollution
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250 Words Essay on Land Pollution

Land pollution, a critical environmental concern, is the degradation of Earth’s terrestrial surface through the misuse of resources and improper disposal of waste. It encompasses all the changes in the land resources that make them unfit for their natural use.

The primary cause of land pollution is human activity. Industrialization, urbanization, and modern agricultural practices contribute significantly to land pollution. Industrial waste, deforestation, use of pesticides and fertilizers, and improper waste disposal are some of the key contributors.

Land pollution has severe implications on both the environment and human health. It leads to a loss of biodiversity, affecting various species’ habitats and food chains. Soil fertility is compromised, impacting agricultural productivity. Moreover, land pollution can contaminate groundwater, posing health risks to humans and wildlife.

Prevention and Control Measures

Preventing and controlling land pollution requires a multi-faceted approach. It involves promoting sustainable practices, such as recycling and waste management. Strict enforcement of environmental regulations is necessary, along with encouraging greener industrial practices. Raising public awareness about the consequences of land pollution is also crucial.

To preserve our planet for future generations, it is imperative to address land pollution. This involves understanding its causes and effects, and implementing effective prevention and control measures. By doing so, we can maintain the health of our planet and its inhabitants.

500 Words Essay on Land Pollution

Land pollution refers to the degradation of the Earth’s surface caused by human activities and their misuse of resources. It involves the contamination and destruction of land surfaces, often directly or indirectly as a result of human activities and their misuse of land resources.

The main cause of land pollution is the anthropogenic factor, including deforestation, industrialization, urbanization, and inefficient waste disposal. Deforestation for agriculture or logging results in the removal of the top layer of soil, which is rich in nutrients, leading to land degradation. Industrialization has led to the creation of numerous by-products that are disposed of inappropriately, contaminating the land. Urbanization and the construction of cities have resulted in the alteration and destruction of previously untouched habitats.

Another significant contributor to land pollution is the improper management of waste. This includes both solid waste from households and hazardous waste from industrial processes. When not disposed of correctly, these waste materials can contaminate the soil and groundwater, posing risks to human health and the environment.

Impacts of Land Pollution

The impacts of land pollution are wide-ranging and damaging. It affects biodiversity, leading to a decrease in species richness and abundance. It also causes a decline in soil fertility, affecting agricultural productivity and food security.

Land pollution also poses significant risks to human health. The contamination of land can lead to the contamination of food sources, as harmful substances can be absorbed by plants and consumed by humans. Moreover, hazardous waste can seep into groundwater, contaminating water sources and posing serious health risks when consumed.

Solutions to Land Pollution

Addressing land pollution requires a multifaceted approach. Firstly, there must be a shift towards sustainable land use practices, such as reforestation and organic farming, which can help to restore soil fertility and biodiversity.

Secondly, waste management practices must be improved. This includes the promotion of recycling and composting, which can reduce the amount of waste going to landfills, and the proper disposal of hazardous waste to prevent contamination of land and water resources.

Lastly, there needs to be increased public awareness and education about the causes and impacts of land pollution. This can encourage individuals to make more sustainable choices and put pressure on industries and governments to implement more sustainable practices.

Land pollution is a significant environmental issue that poses serious threats to biodiversity, human health, and food security. It is primarily caused by human activities, particularly deforestation, industrialization, urbanization, and improper waste disposal. Addressing this issue requires a shift towards more sustainable land use and waste management practices, as well as increased public awareness and education. The future of our planet depends on our ability to protect and preserve our land resources for generations to come.

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  • Jul 13, 2023

Essay On Land Pollution In English For School Students And Children

Land Pollution: A Looming Environmental Crisis

Land pollution, also known as soil pollution or land degradation, has become a significant environmental concern that poses serious threats to ecosystems, human health, and sustainable development. It refers to the degradation and contamination of the Earth's land surfaces, primarily caused by human activities. From industrial waste to improper disposal of chemicals and deforestation, land pollution has far-reaching consequences that demand urgent attention and effective solutions.

One of the major causes of land pollution is industrial activities. Industries produce vast amounts of waste, including toxic chemicals, heavy metals, and hazardous materials, which are often disposed of improperly. These pollutants find their way into the soil, contaminating it and posing risks to soil fertility, plant life, and ultimately, human health. Industrial processes, such as mining and manufacturing, can also result in land degradation, altering the natural landscape and disrupting ecosystems.

Improper waste management practices contribute significantly to land pollution. The indiscriminate dumping of solid waste, including plastics, electronic waste, and construction debris, leads to the accumulation of non-biodegradable materials in the soil. These materials take years to decompose, adversely affecting soil quality and inhibiting the growth of plants and microorganisms. Landfills, if not properly designed and managed, can also release harmful substances into the surrounding soil and groundwater, further exacerbating land pollution.

Deforestation and improper land use practices also contribute to land pollution. Clearing forests for agriculture, urbanization, or infrastructure development leads to soil erosion, loss of biodiversity, and disruption of natural habitats. Without the protection and stabilizing effects of vegetation, soil becomes susceptible to erosion by wind and water, resulting in the loss of fertile topsoil and further degradation of land quality. Unsustainable agricultural practices, such as excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, can also contaminate the soil, affecting its productivity and long-term viability.

The consequences of land pollution are diverse and far-reaching. Soil contamination hampers agricultural productivity, leading to decreased crop yields and food scarcity. Contaminated soil can also pose health risks to humans and animals when toxic substances enter the food chain. Moreover, land pollution disrupts ecosystems and threatens biodiversity, as it degrades habitats and reduces the ability of plants and animals to survive and thrive. The loss of fertile soil and degradation of land quality also hamper sustainable development, affecting livelihoods, economic growth, and the overall well-being of communities.

Addressing land pollution requires collective efforts and comprehensive strategies. Implementing effective waste management practices is crucial, including recycling, proper disposal of hazardous materials, and reducing waste generation through sustainable production and consumption patterns. Promoting sustainable land use practices, such as afforestation, reforestation, and responsible agriculture, can help restore and preserve soil health. Investing in soil remediation and restoration techniques is essential in mitigating the effects of land pollution and reclaiming degraded land for productive use.

Furthermore, raising awareness and promoting environmental education are vital in fostering a sense of responsibility and encouraging individuals, communities, and industries to adopt sustainable practices. Governments, policymakers, and international organizations play a crucial role in implementing and enforcing regulations that promote sustainable land management, waste reduction, and pollution control.

In conclusion, land pollution poses a significant threat to ecosystems, human health, and sustainable development. Industrial activities, improper waste management, deforestation, and unsustainable land use practices contribute to the degradation and contamination of land surfaces. The consequences of land pollution are far-reaching, impacting agricultural productivity, biodiversity, and overall well-being. Addressing land pollution requires a multi-faceted approach, including sustainable waste management, responsible land use practices, and environmental education. By adopting sustainable practices and taking proactive measures to mitigate land pollution, we can protect our precious land resources and ensure a healthier and more sustainable future.

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Spatial Variations of the Activity of 137 Cs and the Contents of Heavy Metals and Petroleum Products in the Polluted Soils of the City of Elektrostal

  • DEGRADATION, REHABILITATION, AND CONSERVATION OF SOILS
  • Open access
  • Published: 15 June 2022
  • Volume 55 , pages 840–848, ( 2022 )

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  • D. N. Lipatov 1 ,
  • V. A. Varachenkov 1 ,
  • D. V. Manakhov 1 ,
  • M. M. Karpukhin 1 &
  • S. V. Mamikhin 1  

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The levels of specific activity of 137 Cs and the contents of mobile forms (1 M ammonium acetate extraction) of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Ni, Co, Cr, Pb) and petroleum products were studied in the upper soil horizon of urban landscapes of the city of Elektrostal under conditions of local radioactive and chemical contamination were studied. In the soils within a short radius (0–100 m) around the heavy engineering plant, the specific activity of 137 Cs and the contents of mobile forms of Pb, Cu, and Zn were increased. The lognormal distribution law of 137 Cs was found in the upper (0–10 cm) soil layer; five years after the radiation accident, the specific activity of 137 Cs varied from 6 to 4238 Bq/kg. The coefficients of variation increased with an increase in the degree of soil contamination in the following sequence: Co < Ni < petroleum products < Cr < 137 Cs < Zn < Pb < Cu ranging from 50 to 435%. Statistically significant direct correlation was found between the specific activity of 137 Cs and the contents of mobile forms of Pb, Cu, and Zn in the upper horizon of urban soils, and this fact indicated the spatial conjugacy of local spots of radioactive and polymetallic contamination in the studied area. It was shown that the specific activity of 137 Cs, as well as the content of heavy metals and petroleum products in the upper layer (0–10 cm) of the soils disturbed in the course of decontamination, earthwork and reclamation is reduced.

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INTRODUCTION

Contaminants migrate and accumulate in urban ecosystems under the impact of both natural and technogenic factors. The processes of technogenic migration of 137 Cs are most pronounced in radioactively contaminated territories. It was found in urboecological studies that the intensity of sedimentation of aerosol particles containing radionuclides and heavy metals is determined by the types of the surfaces of roofs, walls, roads, lawns, and parks and by their position within the urban wind field [ 12 , 26 ]. Traffic in the cities results in significant transport of dust and associated contaminants and radionuclides [ 15 , 24 ]. During decontamination measures in the areas of Chernobyl radioactive trace, not only the decrease in the level of contamination but also the possibility of secondary radioactive contamination because of the transportation of contaminated soil particles by wind or water, or anthropogenic transfer of transferring of ground were observed [ 5 , 6 ]. Rainstorm runoff and hydrological transport of dissolved and colloidal forms of 137 Cs can result in the accumulation of this radionuclide in meso- and microdepressions, where sedimentation takes place [ 10 , 16 ]. Different spatial distribution patterns of 137 Cs in soils of particular urban landscapes were found in the city of Ozersk near the nuclear fuel cycle works [ 17 ]. Natural character of 137 Cs migration in soils of Moscow forest-parks and a decrease in its specific activity in industrial areas have been revealed [ 10 ]. Determination of the mean level and parameters of spatial variations of 137 Cs in soils is one of primary tasks of radioecological monitoring of cities, including both unpolluted (background) and contaminated territories.

Emissions and discharges from numerous sources of contamination can cause the accumulation of a wide range of toxicants in urban soils: heavy metals (HMs), oil products (OPs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), and other chemical substances. Soil contamination by several groups of toxicants is often observed in urban landscapes [ 20 , 23 ] because of the common contamination source or close pathways of the migration of different contaminants. A comprehensive analysis of contamination of urban soils by radionuclides and heavy metals has been performed in some studies [ 21 , 25 ]. The determination of possible spatial interrelationships between radioactive and chemical contaminations in urban soils is an important problem in urban ecology.

A radiation accident took place in the Elektrostal heavy engineering works (EHEW) in April 2013: a capacious source of 137 Cs entered the smelt furnace, and emission of radioactive aerosols from the aerating duct into the urban environment took place. The activity of molten source was estimated at about 1000–7000 Ci [ 14 ]. The area of contamination in the territory of the plant reached 7500 m 2 . However, radioactive aerosols affected a much larger area around the EHEW, including Krasnaya and Pervomaiskaya streets, and reached Lenin Prospect.

Geochemical evaluation of contamination of the upper soil horizon in the city of Elektrostal was carried out in 1989–1991. This survey indicated the anomalies of concentrations of wolfram, nickel, molybdenum, chromium, and other heavy metals related to accumulation of alloying constituent and impurities of non-ferrous metals in the emissions of steelmaking works [ 19 ].

The aim of our work was to determine the levels of specific activity of 137 Cs, concentrations of mobile forms of heavy metals (Zn, Cu, Ni, Co, Cr, and Pb) and oil products in the upper soil horizons in different urban landscapes of the city of Elektrostal under the conditions of local radioactive and chemical contamination.

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D. N. Lipatov, V. A. Varachenkov, D. V. Manakhov, M. M. Karpukhin & S. V. Mamikhin

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Lipatov, D.N., Varachenkov, V.A., Manakhov, D.V. et al. Spatial Variations of the Activity of 137 Cs and the Contents of Heavy Metals and Petroleum Products in the Polluted Soils of the City of Elektrostal. Eurasian Soil Sc. 55 , 840–848 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229322060072

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Published : 15 June 2022

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DOI : https://doi.org/10.1134/S1064229322060072

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land pollution school essay

A Reminder About Catharsis: Oedipus Rex by Rimas Tuminas, A Co-production of the Vakhtangov Theatre and the National Theatre of Greece

The Russian-language press thoroughly covered Oedipus Rex by Rimas Tuminas after it opened in the ancient Greek city of Epidaurus (29 July 2016), and after its Russian premiere at the Vakhtangov Theatre in Moscow on the day of the company’s 95th anniversary (13 November 2016). Almost a similar “boom” in newspaper publications occurred in November 2013 after the opening of Eugene Onegin at the Vakhtangov; it seems that almost every Moscow periodical with an arts section published an article dedicated to this production.

Most recently the critics’ attention was once again drawn to Oedipus; the Vakhtangov Theatre revived this play—the last production by Tuminas in the 2016-7 season—to open its new season on 6 September 2017. Apparently, the life of this production is still very dynamic; from one performance to another, Oedipus changes tangibly and still has a strong impact on the audience, including those who saw it a number of times. The life of this production is worth remembering, discussing, and covering in the press, today and in the future. The goal of this article is modest: to share some of the impressions of a witness and participant of the creative process, from the emergence of the concept of Oedipus Rex to its performances in Russia.  

In fact, there were two productions of Oedipus Rex by Tuminas in 2016. The first one opened in July in ancient Epidaurus, and played there only twice, in compliance with the rules of the Summer Festival in Greece, then once in September, at the Odeon of Herodes Atticus in Athens (the second performance had to be cancelled because of the heavy rain). That Oedipus remained in Greece, preserved only in a video made by the National Theatre of Greece: it was shot on the day of the first premiere—29 July—with multiple cameras and edited by Greek filmmakers. This production might be revived in the future if the decision is made to show it again on the open stage of an ancient theatre, be it in Greece, Italy, Israel, or some other country. Within the orchestra of the theatre in Epidaurus, the production can be performed only twice: there have been almost no exceptions to this rule throughout the history of the Summer Festival in Greece. Perhaps the only exception was the legendary production of The Birds by Aristophanes directed by Karolos Koun: it was performed several times—in Epidaurus, and within the orchestra of the Odeon of Herodes Atticus in Athens—because of its exceptional importance to the theatre culture of Greece.

The second Oedipus was created specifically for the stage of the Vakhtangov Theatre in the fall of 2016, prior to the Moscow premiere. It was this production that the Moscow and St. Petersburg audiences saw. Lots of things were added to the first Oedipus which opened in Epidaurus. Firstly, never before had a Russian theatre company opened a production within the ancient orchestra in order to perform the premiere there, in Greece, in front of an audience of thousands. Before 2016, the most notable performance by Russian actors on the stage of an ancient theatre was the Russian production of The Oresteia directed by Peter Stein which toured Epidaurus in 1994. However, The Oresteia was produced within the framework of the Chekhov International Festival at the Theatre of the Russian Army in Moscow; the ancient theatre space was not its essential element, but only an episode of its existence.

Secondly, never before had a production with Russian actors featured a Greek chorus. In the past, slightly different things happened; in 1961, in the Mayakovsky Theatre’s production of Medea directed by Nikolai Okhlopkov on the stage of Tchaikovsky Concert Hall, the role of Medea was several times performed by Greek actress Aspasia Papathanasiou, who came to Moscow specifically for that purpose. The current production of The Bacchae at the Electrotheatre Stanislavsky in Moscow is performed by Russian actors with the participation of the Greek director, Theodoros Terzopoulos, who in the final scene performs a Greek lament song.

Oedipus at the Ancient Theatre of Epidaurus, Greece . Photo: Vahktangov Theatre.

The idea to invite a Greek chorus to participate in the production and to make Oedipus a joint project of the Vakhtangov Theatre and the National Theatre of Greece emerged immediately, during the initial discussions of the production in the winter of 2016. Of course, it certainly helped that 2016 was the year of Russia in Greece, and Greece in Russia. However, the main reason for bringing the Greeks and Russians together was different; Greek culture is the only one to be endowed with practical knowledge about the chorus in drama, and theatre in Russia or Lithuania has no source from which to draw this knowledge.

European drama actors started to perform within ancient orchestras as early as the late nineteenth century. The Comédie-Française actors were the first to try their hand at performing in an ancient Roman theatre at Orange in the South of France. Then, in 1911, at the arena of Circus Schumann in Berlin, Max Reinhardt produced his famous Oedipus, featuring a chorus of several hundred people. Later, in Italy and Greece they would hold festivals on ancient stages. However, regular work with the chorus within the orchestra started no earlier than in 1938 when celebrated Greek director Dimitris Rontiris, assistant and student of Max Reinhardt, was the first in Greece to direct a production in Epidaurus with actors of the Royal Theatre, which became the National Theatre of Greece. Performances by Greek actors in Epidaurus and Athens happened more and more often, and in 1954 they grew into a regular Summer Festival, where Greek companies would annually present ancient plays, and every year the chorus would perform within the orchestra.

Actually, what is the chorus? What is this group of 12 people who are collectively referring to themselves as “I,” not “we,” who are constantly present on stage—from time to time reacting to the actions of solo actors—and who in the breaks between episodes perform collective parts, sometimes taking the form of recitatives, songs, or even ecstatic exclamations?

That has been thoroughly discussed by the 20 th century scholars; however, in the National Theatre of Greece there is a practical concept of the chorus, drawn from ancient texts and tested in practice multiple times. The concept is passed from one director to another; actors are also familiar with it.  I learned about it from director and composer Thodoris Abazis, deputy artistic director of the theatre and creator of the choral parts in Oedipus Rex.

The chorus, according to this concept (and the chorus, in accordance with ancient rules, consisted of 12 or 15 people), is the audience, the members of which are allowed to go to the orchestra and act in compliance with the tradition, embodied in the text of the drama: to comment, evaluate, agree or disagree, answer, or actively react to every element of action. That is why the chorus’s conventional location during the work of solo actors is close to the seats of the audience, often along the orchestra’s curve, becoming, so to say, the first row of the auditorium. That is how the union of the chorus and the audience was marked.

The Greek Chorus. Photo: Valery Myasnikov.

The chorus’s words sound like statements, anticipating the audience’s reaction; the chorus “orchestrates” the audience’s mood and emotional experience, directing and amplifying them, plotting the vector of the their emotions, and harmonizing (i.e. putting into words and music) strong feelings, inspired by the action. In order to perform their parts between the episodes, the choreuts enter the orchestra, thus breaking away from the audience and facing it. Now the chorus talks to the audience directly, contemplating in front of it through songs and, of course, appealing to gods; in ancient times tragedy was performed only during sacred rituals, therefore the sacred images of gods (Dionysus, in the first place) were placed near the orchestra.

Of course, some skeptics might have reservations about this interpretation of the chorus as an audience member acting on stage. For instance, in the works of Euripides the majority of choruses are women whose origin is far from aristocratic (as well as in The Choephori by Aeschylus); it is hard to imagine that the Council of 500 in Athens, as well as other male audience members, could have been able to identify with these women. However, the fact that this concept is understood by the actors, accepted by the audience, and may be applied in practice in a variety of ways, has been proved many times by the productions of Greek companies on ancient stages.

In Oedipus the chorus, according to Sophocles, consists of male citizens of Thebes, feeling all the hardships of the terrible pestilence which befell the city. Therefore, in the production by Tuminas, during their first entrance they trudge, exhausted and holding onto each other; someone falls to the ground, breaking this sad row, but others instantly help him to get up, because the Thebans are used to such fainting.

For the costumes Tuminas drew on the aesthetic of “gangster” world, as if borrowed from the movies about the 1930s Chicago: black suits, waistcoats, white shirts, and fedora hats. All the choreuts are undoubtedly devoid of any gloss not only because there is pestilence in the city; for them these costumes are, so to say, casual. They are used to wearing them in everyday life.

“Chicago” as the aesthetic reference point for the chorus is a sudden insight of Tuminas which has proven itself totally right. First of all, the Greeks—bearded and emotional in a southern way—look very colorful in these costumes. Secondly, the aesthetic is justified by action; the chorus consists of Oedipus’s confidants, witnesses of all of his conversations, interrogations, meetings, as well as Oedipus himself—played by Victor Dobronravov. The King’s hot temper, fury, demands for absolute submission, and readiness to begin shouting at any minute to start a fight or sentence someone to death, sometimes resembles the “kings” of gangster world. However, the chorus can never serve as an instrument for the hero to realize his intentions; that is impossible in ancient tragedy.

Thus, on the one hand, the chorus is a part of Oedipus’s world; Coryphaeus, the character created by Vitalys Semenovs, is his constant confidant, often rather bold and straightforward. However, the concept of the chorus as a part of the bulk of the audience was also realized in the production; this was especially noticeable at the opening in Epidaurus.

When Oedipus appeared in his royal attire, the choreuts, shocked, would fall on the ground and listen to their king, sitting with their backs to the audience and forming a semicircle (similar to the semicircle of the orchestra), as if the first row of the auditorium had been transferred onto the stage. Prior to the final episode, the choreuts exited the stage, went towards the audience, and sat just a step from the first row, right on the stone floor of the theatre, following the curve of the orchestra, with small gaps between one another, to watch the final scenes.

Lyudmila Maksakova as Iokasta. Photo: Valery Myasnikov.

In the Moscow production of Oedipus this aspect of the chorus’s existence was less noticeable. Raised stage and portal arch divide the stage from the auditorium, therefore when the chorus falls on the floor in order to listen to the king’s solemn address to the city, this mise-en-scène no longer gives the audience a chance to feel the visual and emotional proximity to the chorus as fully as it did in Epidaurus. Prior to the final episode, the chorus went backstage, and not to the auditorium. This is the only way it could happen, because on the black box stage the laws for tragedy are different than on the open stage; here the action has to be more autonomous, wholesome, and condensed.

However, recalling the open and free interaction between the performers of the tragedy and its viewers in the ancient, open-air theatre, Tuminas begins the production at the Vakhtangov with house lights on. When the chorus enters the stage, some actors sit on the chairs, placed on the left and right along the wings, and look intently and curiously at the audience, as if making it clear that the portal arch is fully transparent and permeable, so that the look from the stage enters the auditorium as freely as the returned gaze. And when the lights in the house slowly dim, the actors continue hypnotizing the audience, appealing to its members as if they were “the citizens of Thebes,” so the members of the audience have a role in the production anyway.

Still, given the circumstances of the black box stage, instead of visually bringing together the chorus and the audience, the creators of the production put more effort into emotionally gripping the audience through the action of the chorus, which descends very easily from the stage to perform from the auditorium. We should admit that at the Vakhtangov Theatre this worked even better than within the orchestra in Epidaurus.

The strong emotional impact of the chorus in Oedipus is first of all determined by the fact that very powerful Greek actors have participated in it from the very beginning. It is not a secret that in Greek theatre culture, as once in the ancient world, the choreuts were never placed on the same level with solo actors; at that time the tragic contests (and awards) were only for solo actors and never for the chorus.

When in the National Theatre of Greece there was a casting call for the chorus of Oedipus, there were over 150 candidates for only 11 places. Eventually, the majority of the chorus participants could have been promoted to principal roles because of their maturity, high professional reputation, and enviable resume. However, they were motivated only by their enthusiasm for this joint Russian-Greek production, the Vakhtangov Theatre, and, of course, the director, Tuminas. (By the way, 4 of the 11 actors even spoke Russian because of their connection with Russian theatre schools). Many theatre people in Greece admitted that this was by far the strongest performance of the chorus in a tragedy that they could remember.

Rehearsal of Oedipus at the Vakhtangov Theatre, Moscow. Photo: Vahktangov Theatre.

The first time that the Russian actors could feel the impact of the choral parts in all its strength, was in Moscow, at the very beginning of the rehearsals on the small stage of the Vakhtangov Theatre in spring 2016, when Thodoris Abazis arrived and played a record that the chorus made during the rehearsals in Athens. And when in July joint rehearsals of the chorus and actors at the arena of the summer stadium in Athens started (where the National Theatre of Greece normally rehearses before opening a production on the open stage), Liudmila Maksakova said, half joking and half serious, “No doubt they will surpass us!”

Thodoris Abazis, who wrote the chorus’s parts, created a complex combination of declamation, recitation, melo-declamation, and singing (unisonant and part-singing) without using musical instruments or a sound record. This combination is based on the pace, set, first of all, by breathing. The impact of a rhythmic sound, in which one can distinctly hear the energetic and powerful breathing of a group, turned out to be very impressive; the phonetics and melodics of the Greek language helped a lot. The composer, similarly to the director, interpreted the tragedy as the place where all kinds of emotions manifested themselves: not only fear, sadness, and anxiety, but also joy, enlightenment, and triumph. The promise of the unilateral exultation is heard in the third choral song, in which the choreuts, praising Oedipus, are waiting for the prompt revealing of his birth; they have no doubts that he was born to one of the immortals.

That is how the genuinely Greek chorus of Oedipus Rex was born, the first Greek chorus in Russian theatre whose presence in the tragedy was instantly perceived by the Russian audience as a necessary, naturally legitimate, and integral element of the stage action—from the very first performances in Moscow.

Starting the rehearsals in Moscow, Tuminas suggested that the Vakhtangov actors should create interactions between one another through fight and exchange of “blows”—in words, gestures, and the state of mind—hence the particular emotional tension and overexcitement of almost every dialogue in Oedipus.

As early as in the first monologue of the Priest (Evgeny Kosyrev), when there is a plea to Oedipus to save Thebes, we can distinctly hear the notes of reproach addressed to Oedipus—where are you and why haven’t you yet done anything? And the first line of Oedipus after coming to the Priest: “Known, ah, known too well…” also reveals dissatisfaction and irritation. Anger, headiness, and propensity towards conflict have led him to kill his own father, to feud with the prophet Teiresias, and later with Creon.

As the famous saying of the ancient Greek philosopher Heraclitus goes, “Character is destiny.” It probably means that, when man goes through the crucible of life, when the mind isn’t fast enough to follow statements and actions, then character takes over man (which also means passions, imposed by nature). Character sends the strongest life impulses; it leads man through life, thus mapping the line of fate. Victor Dobronravov captures this characteristic feature of Oedipus very precisely; an angry and heady temper has got the hold of his soul and adds belligerence to every conversation. That is how Sophocles saw Oedipus and that is the basis of his character in the production by Tuminas.

That is why, whenever Oedipus enters the stage (as he does in every episode), there is a collision, confrontation, or fight. His first opponent is the blind prophet Teiresias, who doesn’t want to reveal the truth about Oedipus instilled by Apollo. In this production, the role of Teiresias belongs to Evgeny Knyazev. I noticed that in the majority of performances of Oedipus Rex (in Epidaurus, Athens, Moscow, and St. Petersburg) the first applause of the audience is heard exactly after the first episode, when the confrontation between Oedipus and Teiresias reaches the boiling point; Oedipus is ready to stomp the rebellious prophet to death, in response drawing his ire, and is especially fearsome because the gods side with him. In fact, in Epidaurus it is uncommon to applaud before the end of the show. However, the audience inevitably applauded after the episode with Oedipus and Teiresias, and again after every episode, and after several appearances of the chorus.

The farther from Epidaurus, the more the character of Teiresias, created by Evgeny Knyazev, is filled with cunning, irony with a smirk, and pinch of madness—often present in depitions of prophets. This prophet managed to confuse everyone. At first he said that he was going to keep mum, and then suddenly he declared Oedipus the main culprit; at first he declared that he wanted to leave soon, and then, getting angry with Oedipus, delivered a long monologue in which one could hear either prophecy or condemnation. Eventually, he went away with a smirk, leaving Oedipus alone with the news, which may have come either from Apollo or from an insane old man.

The next confrontation is between Oedipus and Creon. The role of Creon is performed by Eldar Tramov, a young actor of the Vakhtangov Theatre studio. Tuminas is the first director to see in Creon not as a grown man or as a revered old man, but as a young man—a peer of Oedipus or someone even younger. Thus the potential for conflict has been maximized, as collision between peers, whose positions in the royal house are relatively equal, with fewer moderating forces than struggles between people with big age differences.

At the beginning of the play, Tramov’s Creon is the total opposite of Oedipus; he is lenient, weak-willed, enthusiastic, affectionate towards everybody and everything, and in adoration of his place in the royal house next to his sister Jocasta. Without lifting a finger, Creon can rule the city and enjoy the benefits of the royal house, and therefore is quite self-sufficient. That is how he looks when we first see him, on his way from Delphi, in the prologue. Here we can sense the brewing confrontation between him and Oedipus, which is not obvious but implied. Creon is laid-back and self-assured (Tuminas gave Tramov a clue that in Delphi they had already promised Creon that he would soon ascend to the throne); Oedipus is irritated by Creon’s mannerisms and even by the sheer presence of his wife’s brother. Like many kings, Oedipus suspects that his brother-in-law covets the throne.

In the second episode, Tramov conveys a sharp change in the manner of Creon’s behavior. It seems that for the first time the royal son does not look laid-back anymore, but rather fears that he is going to lose not only his position, but his life. He both believes and does not believe that he can die. Here he looks a bit like a holy fool; by hook or by crook he is holding onto his life, looking for support from everyone around him (the chorus, the audience) so that they could also persuade Oedipus that Creon is good and not guilty.

In the second to last episode, there is another collision, this time between the messenger from Corinth and the herdsman from Thebes. In Epidaurus and Athens, the Corinthian was performed by Valery Ushakov, and the Theban by Artur Ivanov; in Moscow, the cast of Oedipus was joined by Oleg Forostenko (the Corinthian) and Ruben Simonov (the Theban). I do not remember any other production where the director managed to reveal the war between the two messengers of Sophocles so convincingly, or where the actors conveyed it so impressively. The Theban wants to hide the truth about the baby with broken ankles, which the Corinthian is trying to reveal. The Theban knows that the truth will bring woe, the Corinthian is, on the contrary, positive that the truth will bring happiness to everyone and an award to him. The Theban has forever blamed himself for not being able to kill the baby (when asked why, he shouts in despair: “Through pity…”); the Corinthian, on the contrary, has always been happy as a result of his giving the baby to the house of the Corinthian king and deserving an award.

Only one character of the tragedy remains outside the battle: Jocasta, the wife and mother of Oedipus, a character created by Lyudmila Maksakova. When she first appears on stage (in the second and longest episode), Jocasta tries not to wage war, but to make peace between Oedipus and Creon.

In a conversation, Tuminas confessed that it is Jocasta who is the main character of his story. Jocasta is depicted as a strong and wise woman, mother, queen and patroness of the royal house, and the closest friend and advisor to her young husband and her young brother. Indeed, it is in Jocasta that Oedipus and Creon find strength and confidence; it is she who is the pillar of the kingdom.

Jocasta, in this production, is never happy, for she has suffered the utmost hardships which can befall a woman: the loss of a newborn child, the loss of her husband, the fatal disbelief in the justice of gods, and the suffering that from that disbelief. Only once does she utter an exclamation which sounds like an expression of happiness, when she hears that Polybus (whom Oedipus considered his father) died, which means that the prophecy about patricide failed. Yet even this exclamation is mixed with bitterness, for what can be joyful in the fact that the gods lie? Their lies put into question the very existence of truth in the human world. The conversation with the Corinthian herdsman has led her (earlier than Oedipus, because she is wiser) to the discovery of the terrible incestuous relationship—her marriage to a young husband which gave her temporary hope. This discovery was followed by the verdict—“Put to death!”—which she pronounced to herself. In listening to the ending of the herdsman’s monologue and bidding farewell to Oedipus by promising to be “silent evermore,” she immediately enforced the verdict without hesitation.

The composer for the production, Faustas Latenas, composed a splendid musical theme for Jocasta. It has beauty and yearning for flight, but at the same time, deep sadness and hopelessness, as if a man inhaled, flapped his wings and started towards the sky, but this was instantly followed by an exhale, accompanied by the understanding that the wings refused to fly, for there was not enough strength. One more flap—again no strength. Once in the performance this melody is performed by Oedipus; at the end of the chorus’s part following the second episode, he paces the stage, playing the saxophone, and the chorus picks up the tune. This happens right after a statement by the chorus that both in the royal house and Thebes there is disbelief in gods: “Apollo is forsook and faith grows cold.” Soon we will learn from Jocasta that it is Oedipus who is restless because he anticipates woe. Jocasta’s theme serves as the musical symbol of this premonition and becomes the theme for Oedipus, and the leitmotif of the entire production.  

Rehearsal of Oedipus at the Vahktangov Theatre, Moscow. Photo: Vahktangov Theatre.

Before singing along with Oedipus, the chorus members put on military helmets, covering their faces. The chorus’s helmets and their action of singing with Oedipus’s saxophone were both introduced specifically for the Moscow production. Helmets replace masks, behind which the choreuts seem to be hiding from their own disbelief and shame, from their own unwillingness to stay in the chorus and sing, addressing the gods, who, according to the kings, lie. A few seconds before the saxophone, the chorus angrily reproaches the tyrants for their pride in front of the gods, and the choreuts are almost ready to dissolve and leave the stage in order not to praise the proud men—a witty reaction by Tuminas to the line: “If sin like this to honor can aspire, why dance I still and lead the sacred choir?”. Then they sadly get back together, and in order not to become proud men themselves, put on their helmet-masks and start singing along with the tune played by Oedipus. The choreuts see disbelief in themselves; through them the whole city is filled with the mood of despair, anticipation of woe, shame, and a desire to hide from the gaze of heaven. The beautiful tune of Latenas reminds more of a former beauty of a life which will never return.

The music and sounds created by Latenas deserve special mention; they play an important part in the success of Oedipus Rex. It was noted long ago that Tuminas’s productions are musical, and musicality is their inner, essential feature. Director Tuminas and composer Latenas share this musicality of thinking; their long-term co-creation in theatre is not accidental. In Oedipus, as in their previous productions, all their meaningful accents are musical, the periods of stage action are similar to musical phrases, the dynamic of action is picked up by music, and the dramatic turning points are accentuated with the intrusion of a sound composition. Almost every sound on stage becomes an element of the show’s monolithic musical palette.

Two musical themes define Oedipus : first, the aforementioned theme for Jocasta, and second, the theme of the loud, “beastly” breathing of fate, taking an active part in the life of Oedipus and the members of his household.

The set designer of the production, Adomas Jacovskis, created an impressive physical embodiment of “the machine of fate,” a topic thoroughly covered by critics and journalists. It is a giant cylinder with small square holes along its surface, relating to a huge clock mechanism, a mammoth music box, or probably an execution machine that will crush flat everyone who is doomed to lie under it. The “beastly” breathing and heartbeat of this machine was shaped by Latenas into a powerful musical and rhythmic theme—exhaling smoke, restlessly swinging and at the end rolling towards the auditorium and almost reaching the footlights—which is heard more and more often as the show approaches its conclusion.

The image of an object of fate that rolls over the people is highly characteristic of the artistic world of Tuminas and Jacovskis. In 1997, in The Masquerade of the Small Theatre of Vilnius, the image of a growing snowball was introduced. It was supposed to crush the main character at the end. In 1998 in Oedipus in Vilnius that very “machine of fate” was also in action—a cylindrical pipe with square holes, but of a slightly different shape and smaller size than what was needed for the orchestra of Epidaurus and stage of the Vakhtangov Theatre, which are much larger spaces. In 2001, in Vilnius, at the National Theatre of Lithuania, Inspector General opened, in which a giant “church” with a small cupola flew over the stage. It was made in a simplified manner and therefore resembled blind pagan dolls; it was swiping away every trouble the people stirred, and moved towards them as a giant ghost, but they still failed to notice it.

Therefore, Oedipus Rex, from the scenographic point of view, is on one hand a reminiscence of the productions by Tuminas and Jacovskis from the turn of the twenty-first century. On the other hand, “the machine of fate,” embodied by a pipe, rolling towards the actors and audience, is an impressive symbol of doom in our time, as well as an object that fits into both the open stage and the black box stage.

In both Epidaurus and Athens, the technical conditions of the stages did not allow for the giant pipe “roll over” the first row of the audience, so that the whole auditorium could feel the doom heavily hanging over it. However, this worked marvelously on the Vakhtangov stage. Therefore, the ending of Oedipus became famous and already left a mark in the history of contemporary theatre: two girls in white dresses—Oedipus’s daughters, Antigone and Ismene—are trying to escape the terrifying roll, running towards the footlights and attempt to roll it in the direction of the backdrop, but it advances anyway. When the girls run away in fear, “the machine of fate” goes fully into effect; it freely rolls over the audience, swings, emanates smoke, breathes loudly, and one could hear a giant heart beating, which sounds either like a threat or like the guarantee of life.

This ending is the result of a wise insight that Tuminas had during the final rehearsals. According to the initial concept, the production was supposed to end with the famous moralizing speculation of Sophocles’s chorus:

Look ye, countrymen and Thebans, this is Oedipus the great, He who knew the Sphinx’s riddle and was mightiest in our state. Who of all our townsmen gazed not on his fame with envious eyes? Now, in what a sea of troubles sunk and overwhelmed he lies! Therefore wait to see life’s ending ere thou count one mortal blest; Wait till free from pain and sorrow he has gained his final rest.

During the rehearsals in Athens two last lines of this chorus part were edited out; eventually, before the very departure for Epidaurus, this whole chorus part was edited out. Our age does not accept direct moralizing, and Tuminas decided that a visual and sound image would do a much better job for the ending; the subsequent performances fully proved that. The last words before the ending of the Vakhtangov Oedipus are the king’s words about his daughters, addressed to Creon:

O leave them not to wander poor, unwed, Thy kin, nor let them share my low estate. O pity them so young…

The “machine of fate” brought Oedipus to stage twice: in the first episode, when he, solemnly put his hand on a staff and gave a loud promise to spare the city of abomination, and in the last episode, when Oedipus, broken by woe and turned into an old man, with both hands on the staff as his only support, delivered his farewell monologue before exile. Victor Dobronravov splendidly conveyed this change in Oedipus through the means of acting: from the stately king in full attire at the beginning (who seemed huge), to the frail old man in a canvas robe at the end. It seems that he has downsized two times, lost body volume, slumped and “shrunk” because of the hardships befalling him.

This very “machine of fate” brought towards the backdrop the characters who held onto it with one hand, as on a rack: Oedipus before the final monologue and the member of Oedipus’s household telling what happened in the house after Oedipus discovered Jocasta who had hanged herself.

Viktor Dobronravov as Oedipus. Photo: Valery Myasnikov.

Maksim Sevrinovsky, an actor of the Vakhtangov Theatre studio, plays Sophocles’ Messenger, interpreted by Tuminas as a member of Oedipus’s household. Normally, directors bring the Messenger to stage precisely at the moment when the audience needs to be told how Jocasta hanged herself and Oedipus stabbed out his eyes. In this production, the Messenger, who delivers the monologue at the end, appears at the very beginning of the show as a silent character. As the majority of Thebans, he is fatally ill, his face is covered with a bandage; he is a reminder of the pestilence that befell the city and is inevitably getting to the royal house. Sevrinovsky’s monologue, permeated with the feeling of horror caused by current events, is handled through the physical conveying of visual images that were witnessed by the Messenger; in describing how Jocasta hanged herself, he tightens the band near his neck; in speaking about the blinding of Oedipus he uses powerful and energetic gestures to show how Oedipus stabbed himself in the eyes multiple times. Closer to the ending of the monologue he removes the bandage and reveals huge, blind eyes in black caves. We can hear the loud, intermittent breathing of a man, who is inhaling for the last time before his death. This is an impressive precursor to the final monologue of blinded Oedipus.

Tuminas, as it is customary, introduced a number of characters, who were not among the original dramatis personae. Those include the Soldier (Pavel Yudin, actor of the Vakhtangov Theatre studio) and the Lady with the Wings (Ekaterina Simonova), who both live on the stage from the first moments of the production.

The Soldier is the instrument of Oedipus’s vindictive plans and threats: his endlessly faithful dog; the guard of his house, tirelessly running in circles (this running around the orchestra marked the beginning of the performance in Epidaurus); a threat to the enemies of Oedipus and participant in his bullying of Creon (Oedipus jokingly crowns the Soldier with Creon’s golden wreath when he wants to execute his brother in law); and eventually, the king’s most loyal subject, crying more than others, when the entire truth about Oedipus is revealed.

The director and actress created the character of the Lady with the Wings, inspired by the image of the Sphinx, which was defeated by Oedipus. According to the myth, Oedipus solved her riddle, thus facing deflecting threats from Thebes, and the Sphinx ended her life by jumping off a cliff. Tuminas, true to his manner of posing non-conventional questions to traditional tales (“and what if it did not happen this way…”), made an assumption that Sphinx had not died, instead becoming a captive and servant in Oedipus’s house, always accompanying the queen, Jocasta. As a result, they came up with an image of a girl with huge wings: raven-haired, with deep black eyes, and beautiful in a strange, exquisite way. She flaps her wings—at times black, at times white—but it is understood that she will never take off again. Because of that, her beauty is combined with sadness, as in Jocasta’s musical theme. Ekaterina Simonova’s movements are smooth and harmonious, as a ritual dance, but she often bends down in a gesture of submission, folding her wings behind the back. Here we see the image of power and beauty, going beyond all human capabilities, and yet defeated by man, living joylessly like the rest of the people in Oedipus’s house.

In Oedipus of the Small Theatre in Vilnius (1998) there was also a winged maiden. However, she was more like a small white angel and her image was more ironic than filled with sadness caused by beauty in captivity. Generally, in the Lithuanian production there was much more irony, laughter, and more props; they had a big figure of a tiger, and the manner of communication between the characters was closer to prose than to poetry.

The Lithuanian production had success, and performed in Russia, too, where it played at the Baltic House festival. This makes it especially interesting to compare the two versions of Oedipus in Vilnius and Moscow.

Firstly, the scenography of the Moscow production was “cleaner” and more reserved. Secondly (and perhaps most importantly), in Oedipus at the Vakhtangov there was much less irony than in the Lithuanian version; its structure has become simpler, it is now much more serious, in the tradition of classical tragedy.

Of course, even in this version there were moments when the director and actors found humor appropriate. For instance, for some reason Creon is late on his way back from Delphi, and the audience feels some kind of a funny fear—how long is the delay going to be? (They do not have to wait for long.) During the second episode, Creon, maddened by anticipation of execution, which Oedipus threatened him with, suddenly and desperately bursts into singing a popular Greek song about love “Eim’ aetos choris ftera / Choris agapi kai chara” (“I am an eagle without wings/ without love and joy”). Or the moment, when the chorus, condemning the tyrants and flying into a rage caused by righteous anger, suddenly leaves the stage, refusing to continue its performance. After hearing that, the audience in Epidaurus burst into laughter, because for a moment it seemed that the performance, which had sold 7000 tickets, could be suddenly interrupted before the ending.

These moments, however, do not distract from the most important thing: creators of the production managed to achieve the incredible seriousness and acuteness of tragedy—a seriousness unheard of and forgotten these days. In the era of the “post-” (postmodernism, postdramatism, postculture, metatheatre, etc.), it sometimes seems impossible to hold the audience’s attention without tricks, jokes, and laughs. The ancient tragedy of Oedipus, with its themes of human dignity, responsibility for crime, crisis of belief in the divine, helplessness of royal power in the face of conscience, frightening discoveries of truth about oneself, and heroism in self-knowledge, arouses compassion and fear, as Aristotle would put it, in an auditorium with 1100 seats.

Evgeny Knyazev as Tiresias. Photo: Valery Myasnikov.

Of course, a lot in the Moscow Oedipus was determined by the venue of the first performance in Epidaurus. The Moscow audience might get a sense that all the Vakhtangov actors play “with memory” of the magical land named the Argolis, with its sea, mixed with healing springs, the best oranges and olives in Greece, and with the thousands of audience members in the ancient theatre at twilight during the premiere. The Moscow Oedipus resonates far beyond the Vakhtangov theatre. The words of the actors leave the stage and go above beyond the walls, balconies, and gallery, in the direction of the place dedicated to the cult of Asclepius and Apollo, connected in our mind with material and spiritual catharsis. They play with memory of the most beautiful theatre in the world—the first theatre with an ideally round orchestra, erected in the sanctuary of Asclepius, it seems, specifically for the purpose of healing through visual harmony and magical energy.

And I will remember how, at the beginning of the performance in ancient Epidaurus, two laughing girls in white dresses were running against the background of the black forest—how, accompanied by the rumbling theme of fate, huge shadows of birds, carried on high poles by the choreuts, were flying above the ground and branches of trees—how the grove surrounding the theatre in Epidaurus, was alive with sound, because Tuminas and Latenas made a witty decision to put the speakers close to the trees behind the orchestra—and finally, how at the very end of Oedipus a complete blackout occurred. The only light reaching the people, was coming from the stars in the night skies: therefore all the thousands of people in the audience—in those several seconds of silence before the final applause—raised their heads up to the sky.

English translation by Anna Shulgat.

Dmitry Trubotchkin (Moscow, Russia) is Doctor of Sciences in Art Studies; Head of Department at the State Institute for Art Studies; Vice-rector and Chair of Art Studies and Humanities at the Higher School of Performing Arts; Professor of Theatre Studies at the Russian Institute of Theatre Arts (GITIS). He has published extensively (in Russian, English and Italian) and presented at conferences around the world on European classical theatre and on contemporary Russian theatre. His most recent monographs, in Russian, include: Ancient Greek Theatre (Moscow, 2016); Rimas Tuminas: Moscow Productions (Moscow, 2015).

European Stages, vol. 10, no. 1 (Fall 2017)

Editorial Board:

Marvin Carlson, Senior Editor, Founder

Krystyna Illakowicz, Co-Editor

Dominika Laster, Co-Editor

Kalina Stefanova, Co-Editor

Editorial Staff:

Taylor Culbert, Managing Editor

Nick Benacerraf, Editorial Assistant

Advisory Board:

Joshua Abrams Christopher Balme Maria Delgado Allen Kuharsky Bryce Lease Jennifer Parker-Starbuck Magda Romańska Laurence Senelick Daniele Vianello Phyllis Zatlin

Table of Contents:

  • The 2017 Avignon Festival: July 6 – 26, Witnessing Loss, Displacement, and Tears by Philippa Wehle
  • A Reminder About Catharsis: Oedipus Rex by Rimas Tuminas, A Co-Production of the Vakhtangov Theatre and the National Theatre of Greece by Dmitry Trubochkin
  • The Kunstenfestivaldesarts 2017 in Brussels by Manuel Garcia Martinez
  • A Female Psychodrama as Kitchen Sink Drama: Long Live Regina! in Budapest by Gabriella Schuller
  • Madrid’s Theatre Takes Inspiration from the Greeks by Maria Delgado
  • A (Self)Ironic Portrait of the Artist as a Present-Day Man by Maria Zărnescu
  • Throw The Baby Away With the Bath Water?: Lila, The Child Monster of The B*easts by Shastri Akella
  • Report from Switzerland by Marvin Carlson
  • A Cruel Theatricality: An Essay on Kjersti Horn’s Staging of the Kaos er Nabo Til Gud ( Chaos is the Neighbour of God ) by Eylem Ejder
  • Szabolcs Hajdu & the Theatre of Midlife Crisis: Self-Ironic Auto-Bio Aesthetics on Hungarian Stages by Herczog Noémi
  • Love Will Tear Us Apart (Again): Katie Mitchell Directs Genet’s Maids by Tom Cornford
  • 24th Edition of Sibiu International Theatre Festival: Spectacular and Memorable by Emiliya Ilieva
  • Almagro International Theatre Festival: Blending the Local, the National and the International by Maria Delgado
  • Jess Thom’s Not I & the Accessibility of Silence by Zoe Rose Kriegler-Wenk
  • Theatertreffen 2017: Days of Loops and Fog by Lily Kelting
  • War Remembered Onstage at Reims Stages Europe: Festival Report by Dominic Glynn

www.EuropeanStages.org

[email protected]

Martin E. Segal Theatre Center:

Frank Hentschker, Executive Director

Marvin Carlson, Director of Publications

Rebecca Sheahan, Managing Director

©2016 by Martin E. Segal Theatre Center

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  • Environmental Chemistry

Land Pollution

What is land pollution.

The degradation of the earth’s land surfaces, both above and below ground level, is referred to as land pollution.

Land pollution occurs when trash, compost, and other toxins are dumped on the land, contaminating or polluting it. Land pollution is caused by human activities such as littering and waste washed ashore from boats, oil rigs, and sewage treatment plants.

The degradation of the earth’s land surfaces, both above and below ground level, is referred to as land pollution. The accumulation of solid and liquid waste products, which contaminate groundwater and soil, is the cause. The greater the permeability of the soil, the greater the risk of land contamination.

Table of Contents

  • Recommended Video

Land Pollution Causes

  • Land Pollution Efects

Solutions to Land Pollution

Frequently asked questions – faqs, recommended videos, pollution of the taj mahal.

land pollution school essay

Air and Water Pollution

land pollution school essay

Soil pollution is a form of land pollution in which the soil’s upper layer is harmed. Overuse of chemical fertilizers, soil degradation caused by running water, and other pest control measures contribute to the loss of agricultural land, forest cover, and grazing pastures, among other things.

Various Causes of Land Pollution are listed below.

  • Agricultural Activities – As animal production grows, it becomes decoupled from crop production, causing normal nutrient cycles between plants, soil, and animals to be severely disrupted, resulting in the widespread use of synthetic herbicides, insecticides, bactericides, and fertilizers, all of which contribute to pollution.
  • Mining Activities – Mining has the potential to pollute the air and water supply, damage biodiversity and ecosystems, and permanently alter natural landscapes. Mining harms the ecosystem by destroying habitats, causing soil erosion, and polluting surface water, groundwater, and soil.
  • Urbanization – Intensive urbanization will exacerbate poverty by preventing local municipalities from providing services to all residents. Increased air pollution from concentrated energy usage has a direct effect on human health. Lead levels in urban air are elevated as a result of automobile emissions.
  • Nuclear Waste – The soil is also contaminated by radioactive waste from nuclear research stations and nuclear power plants, as well as radioactive fallout from nuclear explosions. Since radioactive materials have a long half-life, they can survive in the soil for long periods of time.

Land Pollution Effects

Land pollution can harm the human body in a variety of ways. Toxic waste and contaminants can be ingested by people. Disposal of hazardous radioactive wastes also contributes to land contamination. Chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, heart disease, and even brain damage are all long-term health consequences.

Various Effects of Land Pollution are listed below.

  • Climate Change – Land contamination, such as that caused by mining, farming, and factories, may allow harmful chemicals to enter the soil and water. These chemicals have the potential to kill animals and plants, destroying the food chain. Landfills emit methane, a greenhouse gas that contributes to global warming.
  • Acid Rain – Forests, especially those at higher elevations, are also harmed by acid rain and fog. Acid deposits deplete vital nutrients like calcium and allow aluminum to be released into the soil, making it difficult for trees to absorb water. Acids also damage the leaves and needles of trees.
  • Deterioration of fields – A chain reaction occurs as a result of soil contamination. It alters soil biodiversity, decreases soil organic matter, and reduces soil’s filtering ability. It also contaminates water contained in the soil and groundwater, resulting in nutrient imbalances in the soil.
  • Respiratory health problems – Air pollution can irritate your airways, causing shortness of breath, coughing, wheezing, asthma attacks, and chest pain. Lung cancer, heart attacks, strokes, and, in the worst-case scenario, premature death are all risks associated with air pollution exposure.

To reduce land emissions, reduce, reuse, and recycle. It is essential to practice reforestation and afforestation. Organic fertilizers, an integrated pest control method, and crop rotation can all be used by farmers. One of the most important ways to help minimize landfill waste, protect natural resources , preserve wildlife, reduce noise, reduce energy use, and slow global warming is to incorporate recycling habits into your everyday life.

Reforestation avoids river and lake silting by reducing surface erosion and preserving the fertile topsoil. It prevents the soil surface from sealing and cuts down on the amount of rainwater that runs off. When compared to petroleum-based plastics, biodegradable plastics produce significantly less waste. As biodegradable plastics degrade, they decompose into nontoxic, harmless components. Just 32% of the greenhouse gases released by petroleum-based plastics are produced by them.

What is the prevention of land pollution?

One can reuse products like fabric, plastic bags, and glass in your home rather than throwing them away to minimize solid waste emissions on soil. Recycling helps to minimize the amount of solid waste that ends up in landfills while also helping to save natural resources.

What are sources of land pollution?

Land contamination is caused by human activities such as littering and waste washed ashore from vessels, oil platforms, and sewage treatment plants. Land contamination occurs when trash, waste, and other pollutants are dumped on the land, contaminating or polluting it.

What are the effects of land pollution on animals?

Chemicals such as arsenic, mercury, chromium, lead, and ammonia, among others, can contaminate water and land-based flora. Animals and humans are poisoned by it. One of the major causes of lungs and respiratory disorders is air pollution caused by land pollution.

What are the effects of pollution?

Pollution can cause mudslides, poison soils and rivers, and even destroy plants and animals. Pollution causes damage to humans on a daily basis. Long-term air pollution exposure, for example, can cause chronic respiratory disease, lung cancer, and other illnesses.

What is land pollution and its causes?

Related topics.

  • Atmospheric pollution
  • Soil Pollution
  • Causes of soil pollution
  • Effects of Land Pollution
  • Environmental Pollution

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    30,614 Land Pollution Causes Soil pollution is a form of land pollution in which the soil's upper layer is harmed. Overuse of chemical fertilizers, soil degradation caused by running water, and other pest control measures contribute to the loss of agricultural land, forest cover, and grazing pastures, among other things.