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PhD: Full Form, Eligibility, Admission 2024, Fees, Syllabus, Entrance Exam, Scope

PhD or Doctor of Philosophy is the highest academic degree programme, mostly in every field of study. PhD curriculum covers extensive research and expertise, and research papers within a specific subject or even in an interdisciplinary subject. PhD or Doctor of Philosophy is requires at least a postgraduate degree programme, such as M.A , MSc , MTech or the students must have a great research paper with a recommendation. PhD course details vary depending on the discipline, university and guide. The guide in PhD plays a major role in suggestions and recommending the study material as well as helping them with new ideas.

Latest: Top Ph.d Colleges in India

Don't Miss: UGC NET Previous Year Question Papers

What is a Full Form of PhD?

Highlights - ph.d (doctor of philosophy), phd fees structure.

  • Why Choose PhD?

PhD Eligibility Criteria

Skill required for phd degree, phd admission process, phd entrance exams, phd syllabus/subjects, phd specializations, what after phd, career opportunities after phd, salary after phd degree, top private phd colleges in india, top government phd colleges in india.

PhD course requires a high level of dedication, intellectual rigour, and perseverance. Graduates with a PhD or Doctor of Philosophy are recognised as experts in their preferred field, and it opens doors to multiple fields, such as academia, research institutions, and government-funded research programmes. Students who have completed PhD degree programmes are called “Doctors” and can use Dr. as a prefix before their name. In this article, we will discuss, PhD course details, such as PhD course duration, PhD course eligibility, PhD subjects, PhD course duration, PhD eligibility criteria, PhD admission process.

PhD full form is Doctor of Philosophy is a doctoral degree programme with a duration of three to six years. PhD degree can be pursued in almost any field such as English, Maths, Physics Linguistics, and Comparative Literature. Students can also pursue Ph.D. in interdisciplinary subjects, and they need to make a good research paper to apply directly to various universities.

PhD course fees differ from one university to another and generally depend on the institute, and specialisation. Before enrolling in any particular university, candidates should check the PhD admission process, PhD eligibility criteria and PhD course fees. Students who get the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) will not pay the fees whereas they will get the scholarship for pursuing PhD degree. JRF for the Humanities, Social Science and Science subjects is Rs. 25,000 for the initial two years and Rs. 28,000 for the remaining tenure which is SRF (Senior Research Fellowship).

Why Choose PhD ?

A PhD degree offers a wide range of career opportunities for strengthening knowledge and expertise. PhD degree provides knowledge in a chosen field of study. Ph.D allows students to become experts in their niche, by providing various skills, such as critical thinking, problem-solving, and analytical skills. PhD can open doors for various careers and employment options in multiple fields, such as academia, research, and government agencies, with good salary packages. Choosing a PhD can provide students with a lot of scope and also lifelong learning, intellectual growth, and a unique avenue for personal and professional growth.

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Students who want to pursue a PhD programme should have the required eligibility criteria. The detailed eligibility criteria for pursuing a PhD are given below.

  • Students who have a master's degree are eligible for admission into the Ph.D. programmes.
  • Students have to qualify for the national level examinations like National Eligibility Test for Lectureship (NET) conducted by NTA .
  • Final admission is offered on the basis of the interview and research proposal.
  • If candidates want to pursue PhD in the field of Engineering and Technology, he/she has to qualify for GATE, GATE, UGC-NET, and CSIR-UGC-NET with good marks. Also, for admission to Ph.D. Engineering, candidates should complete their degree in M.Tech/M.E in any branch of engineering .

PhD or Doctor of Philosophy degree in India requires students to develop a lot of skills to succeed academically. Skills might vary depending on the chosen specialisation. In the table below, we have mentioned some of the essential skills required for a Ph.D. degree.

Admissions in some universities are offered on the basis of students' merit in the entrance examination although few universities provide admission based on the research proposal and the interview process.

  • PhD admission process is available both online and offline.
  • If a candidate is applying to a university, he/she should download the application form online from the official website of the university.
  • Applicants need to fill out the UGC NET or other entrance examination forms and appear for it.
  • They should have a research proposal based on which universities can shortlist the candidates.
  • After qualifying the examinations, candidates can appear for the interview round and pursue the PhD degree programme.

UGC NET: University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test or UGC NET is a national-level entrance test conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA). UGC NET is conducted by NTA, twice a year for admission in doctoral programmes.

CSIR UGC NET : CSIR UGC Test for JRF and Eligibility for Lectureship or CSIR UGC NET is a national-level entrance examination conducted by National Testing Agency (NTA) for admission to Ph.D. degree programmes.

PhD subjects and syllabus can vary from one university to another along with the specialisation. PhD subjects will be different based on the area of the study, as it depends on the research proposal, the guide and the students. Based on the mentioned factors, further study will be done although the first two semesters will be similar for the main subject. In the table below, we have mentioned the PhD English syllabus of Presidency University.

In the table below, we have mentioned the syllabus for PhD Mathematics of Manonmaniam Sundaranar University.

There are various specialisations an individual can opt for PhD course programme. Some of the PhD specialisations are popular among those who are interested in entering higher education. Naming few of them are:

  • PhD in Management
  • PhD in Physics
  • PhD in Computer Science
  • PhD in Economics
  • PhD in Mathematics
  • PhD Microbiology

After completing a PhD degree programme students have a wide range of career options. Many graduates choose academia and become professors or research associates at universities and colleges. Professor teach, write research papers, and journals, and mentor students. Some graduates enter various industries such as technology, healthcare, or finance, contributing to innovation and problem-solving. Government agencies and non-profit organisations also seek PhD holders for policy analysis, consulting, and advocacy roles.

In this section, we have mentioned the careers that can be pursued after completing PhD degree programme.

University Professor/ Lecturer : After pursuing PhD, graduates can become university professors or lecturers. They teach and conduct research in their respective fields and are responsible for mentoring students, curriculum development, and publishing research papers.

Research Scientist : Research scientists are professionals who work in various sectors, including academia, technology, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, and government research institutions. They research, write the thesis and publish the findings in the journals.

Consultant/Advisor: Consultants or advisors conduct market research and solve complex problems and provide solutions to clients. They provide expert advice to their clients and join major financial companies such as McKinsey, Boston Consulting Group, and Deloitte.

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PhD salary depends on various factors such as the specialisations and college reputation, work experience, experience in the particular field, location of work, and skill sets. Below, we have mentioned the PhD salary.

In India, there are a number of private colleges that offer PhD degrees. Private universities are significantly more expensive than public universities. Some of the top private PhD colleges and the PhD fees are mentioned in the table below:

Government-run college is less expensive than private college and are well known for their high academic standards throughout India. The following are some of the best government PhD colleges and also PhD fees:

Frequently Asked Question (FAQs)

Candidates should have a master’s degree in any discipline to get an admission to Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy).

Yes, candidates have to appear for the national level examination or the entrance examination conducted by the particular university/college.

Ph.D. holder has the opportunity to become researcher, scientist, professor, journalist, independent consultant, human services worker, editor, critic, lecturer etc. A Ph.D. holder can also apply for a job in the finance sector, public sector etc.

There is a chance for Ph.D. graduates to work in other countries. If you are a Ph.D. graduate, any company will take you as right now Ph.D.is the highest level of academic degree anyone can earn so for the companies, you are the expert in the subject.

The duration of Ph.D. is usually between 2 to 7 years depending on the field you are researching.

The prominent universities which offer a degree in Ph.D. are Amity University, Noida, Tata institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, Institute of Genetic Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, KCG college of Technology, Chennai, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi, Chennai Mathematical Institute, Indian Statistical Institute (ISI).

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Questions related to Ph.D

Hello Deepa

PhD in visual arts is designed for those who are interested in exploring the intrinsic areas of visual arts. Printing technology ,graphics, sculpture, paintings, digital art. Aesthetics , animations , bra ding, information design, U. Anc other related subjects.

PhD in visual arts is a two years Course.

Eligibility for the Course is to have master's degrees in visual arts or rested subject.

Colleges offering phD in visual arts are

Assam university

Bharat ratn Dr ambedkar university Delhi

Banasthali vidyapeeth , Tonk , Rajasthan

Bhupal nibke university,  Udaipur

Deen Dayal upadhyay , gorakhpur university

IIS university , Rajasthan

JNU , New delhi

For details you may refer the link given below


The opening dates for PhD applications in history can vary greatly depending on the institution and country. Typically, PhD applications for history programs open several months in advance of the academic year for which you are applying.

To know more about PhD in History, click on the below link.


Hello aspirant

Graduates who have obtained master's degree in psycology are eligible for pursuing phD in clinical psycology . However mental health is also equivalent to psycology so if you have master's degree in mental  Health , you can go for phD in clinical psycology Course.  You must also clear the relevant entrance exam such as UGC NET and also get a valid aggregate score as per the requirements.

The Course is of three years duration. Fees for the  entire duration is 59,550 to 3.65 lakh.

Average salary for the psychologists is 3.7 lpa

The salary increases with experience .

For details you may visit the link given below


There is no way to pursue phD without getting master's degree .

There are many universities which offer master's Course through online mode . So first get post graduation done and after getting a valid score in master's Course,  you can pursue phD .

Eligibility criteria for pursuing  phD

The candidate Must have obtained master's degree in relevant subject with minimum 55% marks from any government recognized university.

If you do phD in  pharmacy , you will be able to do research work in pharmacy field .

After phD in pharmacy you may get salary upto 15 lakh per annum.

Dear aspirant !!

Hope you are doing well !

Yes it is possible,you can do . Yes one can pursue more than one undergraduate degree in different subjects one after one . Complete bachelor degree in a subject then take admission for bachelor degree in a different subject.

Hope this helps !!

Thanking you !!

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Welding Engineer Job Description: A Welding Engineer work involves managing welding projects and supervising welding teams. He or she is responsible for reviewing welding procedures, processes and documentation. A career as Welding Engineer involves conducting failure analyses and causes on welding issues. 

Transportation Planner

A career as Transportation Planner requires technical application of science and technology in engineering, particularly the concepts, equipment and technologies involved in the production of products and services. In fields like land use, infrastructure review, ecological standards and street design, he or she considers issues of health, environment and performance. A Transportation Planner assigns resources for implementing and designing programmes. He or she is responsible for assessing needs, preparing plans and forecasts and compliance with regulations.

Environmental Engineer

Individuals who opt for a career as an environmental engineer are construction professionals who utilise the skills and knowledge of biology, soil science, chemistry and the concept of engineering to design and develop projects that serve as solutions to various environmental problems. 

Safety Manager

A Safety Manager is a professional responsible for employee’s safety at work. He or she plans, implements and oversees the company’s employee safety. A Safety Manager ensures compliance and adherence to Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) guidelines.

Conservation Architect

A Conservation Architect is a professional responsible for conserving and restoring buildings or monuments having a historic value. He or she applies techniques to document and stabilise the object’s state without any further damage. A Conservation Architect restores the monuments and heritage buildings to bring them back to their original state.

Structural Engineer

A Structural Engineer designs buildings, bridges, and other related structures. He or she analyzes the structures and makes sure the structures are strong enough to be used by the people. A career as a Structural Engineer requires working in the construction process. It comes under the civil engineering discipline. A Structure Engineer creates structural models with the help of computer-aided design software. 

Highway Engineer

Highway Engineer Job Description:  A Highway Engineer is a civil engineer who specialises in planning and building thousands of miles of roads that support connectivity and allow transportation across the country. He or she ensures that traffic management schemes are effectively planned concerning economic sustainability and successful implementation.

Field Surveyor

Are you searching for a Field Surveyor Job Description? A Field Surveyor is a professional responsible for conducting field surveys for various places or geographical conditions. He or she collects the required data and information as per the instructions given by senior officials. 

Orthotist and Prosthetist

Orthotists and Prosthetists are professionals who provide aid to patients with disabilities. They fix them to artificial limbs (prosthetics) and help them to regain stability. There are times when people lose their limbs in an accident. In some other occasions, they are born without a limb or orthopaedic impairment. Orthotists and prosthetists play a crucial role in their lives with fixing them to assistive devices and provide mobility.


A career in pathology in India is filled with several responsibilities as it is a medical branch and affects human lives. The demand for pathologists has been increasing over the past few years as people are getting more aware of different diseases. Not only that, but an increase in population and lifestyle changes have also contributed to the increase in a pathologist’s demand. The pathology careers provide an extremely huge number of opportunities and if you want to be a part of the medical field you can consider being a pathologist. If you want to know more about a career in pathology in India then continue reading this article.

Veterinary Doctor

Speech therapist, gynaecologist.

Gynaecology can be defined as the study of the female body. The job outlook for gynaecology is excellent since there is evergreen demand for one because of their responsibility of dealing with not only women’s health but also fertility and pregnancy issues. Although most women prefer to have a women obstetrician gynaecologist as their doctor, men also explore a career as a gynaecologist and there are ample amounts of male doctors in the field who are gynaecologists and aid women during delivery and childbirth. 


The audiologist career involves audiology professionals who are responsible to treat hearing loss and proactively preventing the relevant damage. Individuals who opt for a career as an audiologist use various testing strategies with the aim to determine if someone has a normal sensitivity to sounds or not. After the identification of hearing loss, a hearing doctor is required to determine which sections of the hearing are affected, to what extent they are affected, and where the wound causing the hearing loss is found. As soon as the hearing loss is identified, the patients are provided with recommendations for interventions and rehabilitation such as hearing aids, cochlear implants, and appropriate medical referrals. While audiology is a branch of science that studies and researches hearing, balance, and related disorders.

An oncologist is a specialised doctor responsible for providing medical care to patients diagnosed with cancer. He or she uses several therapies to control the cancer and its effect on the human body such as chemotherapy, immunotherapy, radiation therapy and biopsy. An oncologist designs a treatment plan based on a pathology report after diagnosing the type of cancer and where it is spreading inside the body.

Are you searching for an ‘Anatomist job description’? An Anatomist is a research professional who applies the laws of biological science to determine the ability of bodies of various living organisms including animals and humans to regenerate the damaged or destroyed organs. If you want to know what does an anatomist do, then read the entire article, where we will answer all your questions.

For an individual who opts for a career as an actor, the primary responsibility is to completely speak to the character he or she is playing and to persuade the crowd that the character is genuine by connecting with them and bringing them into the story. This applies to significant roles and littler parts, as all roles join to make an effective creation. Here in this article, we will discuss how to become an actor in India, actor exams, actor salary in India, and actor jobs. 

Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats create and direct original routines for themselves, in addition to developing interpretations of existing routines. The work of circus acrobats can be seen in a variety of performance settings, including circus, reality shows, sports events like the Olympics, movies and commercials. Individuals who opt for a career as acrobats must be prepared to face rejections and intermittent periods of work. The creativity of acrobats may extend to other aspects of the performance. For example, acrobats in the circus may work with gym trainers, celebrities or collaborate with other professionals to enhance such performance elements as costume and or maybe at the teaching end of the career.

Video Game Designer

Career as a video game designer is filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. A video game designer is someone who is involved in the process of creating a game from day one. He or she is responsible for fulfilling duties like designing the character of the game, the several levels involved, plot, art and similar other elements. Individuals who opt for a career as a video game designer may also write the codes for the game using different programming languages.

Depending on the video game designer job description and experience they may also have to lead a team and do the early testing of the game in order to suggest changes and find loopholes.

Radio Jockey

Radio Jockey is an exciting, promising career and a great challenge for music lovers. If you are really interested in a career as radio jockey, then it is very important for an RJ to have an automatic, fun, and friendly personality. If you want to get a job done in this field, a strong command of the language and a good voice are always good things. Apart from this, in order to be a good radio jockey, you will also listen to good radio jockeys so that you can understand their style and later make your own by practicing.

A career as radio jockey has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. If you want to know more about a career as radio jockey, and how to become a radio jockey then continue reading the article.


The word “choreography" actually comes from Greek words that mean “dance writing." Individuals who opt for a career as a choreographer create and direct original dances, in addition to developing interpretations of existing dances. A Choreographer dances and utilises his or her creativity in other aspects of dance performance. For example, he or she may work with the music director to select music or collaborate with other famous choreographers to enhance such performance elements as lighting, costume and set design.

Social Media Manager

A career as social media manager involves implementing the company’s or brand’s marketing plan across all social media channels. Social media managers help in building or improving a brand’s or a company’s website traffic, build brand awareness, create and implement marketing and brand strategy. Social media managers are key to important social communication as well.


Photography is considered both a science and an art, an artistic means of expression in which the camera replaces the pen. In a career as a photographer, an individual is hired to capture the moments of public and private events, such as press conferences or weddings, or may also work inside a studio, where people go to get their picture clicked. Photography is divided into many streams each generating numerous career opportunities in photography. With the boom in advertising, media, and the fashion industry, photography has emerged as a lucrative and thrilling career option for many Indian youths.

An individual who is pursuing a career as a producer is responsible for managing the business aspects of production. They are involved in each aspect of production from its inception to deception. Famous movie producers review the script, recommend changes and visualise the story. 

They are responsible for overseeing the finance involved in the project and distributing the film for broadcasting on various platforms. A career as a producer is quite fulfilling as well as exhaustive in terms of playing different roles in order for a production to be successful. Famous movie producers are responsible for hiring creative and technical personnel on contract basis.

Copy Writer

In a career as a copywriter, one has to consult with the client and understand the brief well. A career as a copywriter has a lot to offer to deserving candidates. Several new mediums of advertising are opening therefore making it a lucrative career choice. Students can pursue various copywriter courses such as Journalism , Advertising , Marketing Management . Here, we have discussed how to become a freelance copywriter, copywriter career path, how to become a copywriter in India, and copywriting career outlook. 

In a career as a vlogger, one generally works for himself or herself. However, once an individual has gained viewership there are several brands and companies that approach them for paid collaboration. It is one of those fields where an individual can earn well while following his or her passion. 

Ever since internet costs got reduced the viewership for these types of content has increased on a large scale. Therefore, a career as a vlogger has a lot to offer. If you want to know more about the Vlogger eligibility, roles and responsibilities then continue reading the article. 

For publishing books, newspapers, magazines and digital material, editorial and commercial strategies are set by publishers. Individuals in publishing career paths make choices about the markets their businesses will reach and the type of content that their audience will be served. Individuals in book publisher careers collaborate with editorial staff, designers, authors, and freelance contributors who develop and manage the creation of content.

Careers in journalism are filled with excitement as well as responsibilities. One cannot afford to miss out on the details. As it is the small details that provide insights into a story. Depending on those insights a journalist goes about writing a news article. A journalism career can be stressful at times but if you are someone who is passionate about it then it is the right choice for you. If you want to know more about the media field and journalist career then continue reading this article.

Individuals in the editor career path is an unsung hero of the news industry who polishes the language of the news stories provided by stringers, reporters, copywriters and content writers and also news agencies. Individuals who opt for a career as an editor make it more persuasive, concise and clear for readers. In this article, we will discuss the details of the editor's career path such as how to become an editor in India, editor salary in India and editor skills and qualities.

Individuals who opt for a career as a reporter may often be at work on national holidays and festivities. He or she pitches various story ideas and covers news stories in risky situations. Students can pursue a BMC (Bachelor of Mass Communication) , B.M.M. (Bachelor of Mass Media) , or  MAJMC (MA in Journalism and Mass Communication) to become a reporter. While we sit at home reporters travel to locations to collect information that carries a news value.  

Corporate Executive

Are you searching for a Corporate Executive job description? A Corporate Executive role comes with administrative duties. He or she provides support to the leadership of the organisation. A Corporate Executive fulfils the business purpose and ensures its financial stability. In this article, we are going to discuss how to become corporate executive.

Multimedia Specialist

A multimedia specialist is a media professional who creates, audio, videos, graphic image files, computer animations for multimedia applications. He or she is responsible for planning, producing, and maintaining websites and applications. 

Quality Controller

A quality controller plays a crucial role in an organisation. He or she is responsible for performing quality checks on manufactured products. He or she identifies the defects in a product and rejects the product. 

A quality controller records detailed information about products with defects and sends it to the supervisor or plant manager to take necessary actions to improve the production process.

Production Manager

A QA Lead is in charge of the QA Team. The role of QA Lead comes with the responsibility of assessing services and products in order to determine that he or she meets the quality standards. He or she develops, implements and manages test plans. 

Process Development Engineer

The Process Development Engineers design, implement, manufacture, mine, and other production systems using technical knowledge and expertise in the industry. They use computer modeling software to test technologies and machinery. An individual who is opting career as Process Development Engineer is responsible for developing cost-effective and efficient processes. They also monitor the production process and ensure it functions smoothly and efficiently.

AWS Solution Architect

An AWS Solution Architect is someone who specializes in developing and implementing cloud computing systems. He or she has a good understanding of the various aspects of cloud computing and can confidently deploy and manage their systems. He or she troubleshoots the issues and evaluates the risk from the third party. 

Azure Administrator

An Azure Administrator is a professional responsible for implementing, monitoring, and maintaining Azure Solutions. He or she manages cloud infrastructure service instances and various cloud servers as well as sets up public and private cloud systems. 

Computer Programmer

Careers in computer programming primarily refer to the systematic act of writing code and moreover include wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech enthusiasts. Computer programming careers involve the use of designs created by software developers and engineers and transforming them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word-processing applications and browsers.

Information Security Manager

Individuals in the information security manager career path involves in overseeing and controlling all aspects of computer security. The IT security manager job description includes planning and carrying out security measures to protect the business data and information from corruption, theft, unauthorised access, and deliberate attack 

ITSM Manager

Automation test engineer.

An Automation Test Engineer job involves executing automated test scripts. He or she identifies the project’s problems and troubleshoots them. The role involves documenting the defect using management tools. He or she works with the application team in order to resolve any issues arising during the testing process. 

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  • What is The Full Form of PhD?


PhD Full Form - Doctor of Philosophy

The term Ph.D. stands for Doctor of Philosophy. It is a doctoral degree that can be obtained after finishing three years. However, the candidates can also complete the course within a time span of about 5 to 6 years. The full form of Ph.D. is Doctor of Philosophy. In some countries, It is also called Ph.D., DPhil, or DPhil.

Earlier candidates could finish the course having Ph.D. full form through the distance mode. However, a circular issued by UGC in 2017 has stated that a Ph.D. degree obtained through distance education will no longer be recognized.

Some of the Popular Ph.D. Courses

Though most courses offered by the degree having full form Ph.D. are known to provide excellent employment opportunities, however, the chances of getting a job further increase if you choose an accessible course. Some of the specializations that can help you in finding a good job are Ph.D. in Humanities, Ph.D. in Arts, Ph.D. in English, Ph.D. in Economics, Ph.D. in Zoology, Ph.D. in Chemistry, etc.

Skills Required for Completing the Ph.D. Courses

A candidate aspiring for a course that has the full meaning of a Ph.D. should have some unique skills to gain success in the field. Some of these qualities are inquisitiveness, good researching capabilities, dedication, hard-working nature, and excellent writing ability. While some traits are inborn, others can be obtained through the course. Proper nurturing of the qualities helps the candidates become successful in their lives.

Eligibility Criteria of Candidates Wanting to Pursue the Ph.D. Courses

Candidates wishing to pursue the course having Ph.D. full form and meaning should meet the eligibility criteria to be successful. The following section will give an idea about the eligibility of candidates wanting to complete the course:

The candidate needs to have a master's degree in the same course or field.

Some colleges also want the candidate to have completed an MPhil to pursue a Ph.D.

Apart from these, some colleges might have separate criteria.

The candidates have to fulfill these in order to study in the college.

Dos and Don’ts During the Ph.D. Course

If the candidates want to pursue the course having a Ph.D. full form, then they will have to follow some Dos and Don’ts during their college days. These are-

Avoid contact with unknown people.

Attend the classes regularly.

Listen attentively to the teachers.

Read the instructions properly before using any equipment.

Benefits of a PhD 

Getting a Ph.D. can benefit you in a lot of ways. No matter what field you are in, a Ph.D. candidate is preferred more than a Non-PhD candidate almost every time. That is why you should pursue Ph.D. in your respective field. Below are some benefits of a Ph.D.

Career Boost

One of the significant benefits of getting a Ph.D. is the increase in the number of employment opportunities. Once you have obtained a Ph.D., there will be a high chance for you to get a job. Moreover, a Ph.D. ensures higher pay and status no matter what field or company you are working in. You can also gain more experience in your field with a Ph.D. course and even start teaching in colleges and universities.  


A Ph.D. degree comes with prestige and recognition. Ph.D. is considered one of the prestigious and recognized degrees in every field. Since these degrees are a little tough to obtain, you will be acknowledged in society once you have completed the course. 

Improved Professional Network  

When you are pursuing your Ph.D., you will get to interact and talk with some of the best teachers and experts in the field. This way, you can broaden your professional network and collaborate with your peers and researchers. 


The most significant benefit of a Ph.D. is the knowledge that you gain throughout the course. A Ph.D. course allows you to explore more about your field of interest and gain all the knowledge about it. You can use your knowledge and understanding in solving problems that concern your field or profession. 

Higher Salary  

As you gain more knowledge in your field with a Ph.D., your compensation or remuneration will be much higher than non-PhD candidates. Having a Ph.D. degree means you have extensive knowledge in your respective area of interest, which makes you a preferred candidate for most companies.

Gain Marketable Skills  

When you pursue a Ph.D. course, you must have problem-solving skills and critical thinking ability. You can polish these skills throughout the course and improve your chances of getting a job too. Almost every company is looking for employees who can tackle complex problems with ease. So, the employer will prefer you over others if you have a Ph.D. degree in the respective area. 

It is clear from the above that the course having the full meaning of a Ph.D. is one of the best courses for a candidate. However, to be successful, the candidate has to study hard during the exams. However, there is no poverty of opportunities for a candidate pursuing the course. So aspirants hoping for a good career can easily opt for the course

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FAQs on What is The Full Form of PhD?

1. What is the Duration of a Ph.D. Course?

Normally a Ph.D. course extends for about 3 years. The candidates have to submit their thesis or journal within a maximum time period of five to six years. The time is taken to complete the course also depends on the research topic chosen by a candidate.

2. Is a Master's Degree Required for Pursuing a Ph.D. Program?

Candidates aspiring to pursue a Ph.D. program in any Indian university are required to complete their Master’s degree in the respective field of study. But candidates can get admission to a Ph.D. program in the US universities right after completion of their undergraduate courses.

3. How much stipend do Ph.D. students get in India?

In India, Ph.D. students are eligible to receive a stipend of 25000INR per month during the initial two years. For the next three years of the Ph.D. course, students are eligible to receive a stipend of 28000 INR per month.

4. How can I learn Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy?

You can learn Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy from Vedantu’s online learning platform. We provide you with the best platform to learn the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy and who is important. You don’t have to pay any registration fees to Vedantu in order to learn this concept. Apart from the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy, you can learn various other full forms from our educational platform. Here, you will find all the acronyms along with their detailed meanings, including NEET, IIT, MBBS, NCERT, and much more. To start learning with Vedantu, you can either visit our website or download the Vedantu app from the play store or the app store, whichever is more convenient for you.

5. Is it necessary to learn the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy?

Yes, it is necessary to learn the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy. If you are going into the medical field, learning about the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy will be quite important for you. Once you have done your graduation and obtained your master’s degree, you can go for your Ph.D. in the respective field. So, if you are pursuing a Ph.D., you should know the full form along with its meaning. You can learn the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy from Vedantu’s website or mobile application.

6. Why should you learn the Ph.D.? Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy? 

Learning the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy is quite necessary if you are pursuing a Ph.D. program after your graduation or masters. You can learn the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy from Vedantu’s website and understand why it is important for the course. Moreover, by learning the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy, you can understand the meaning and importance of a Ph.D. degree. It will help you gain more knowledge about the Ph.D. course you want to pursue. You should learn the Ph.D. Full-Form - Doctor of Philosophy as it is a term that you come across oftentimes in your life.

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PhD Full Form, All You Need to Know About Ph.D.

PHD Full Form, All You Need to Know About PHD

PhD Full Form

PhD stands for “Doctor of Philosophy”. It is an advanced academic degree that signifies the highest level of expertise and achievement in a particular field of study. While the title “Doctor of Philosophy” may sound philosophical, it is not limited to the study of philosophy but encompasses a wide range of academic disciplines. In this article, we will unveil the full form of a PhD and explore the significance of this advanced academic degree.

Ph.D. Full Form in Hindi

पीएचडी का मतलब “डॉक्टर ऑफ फिलॉसफी” है। यह एक उन्नत शैक्षणिक डिग्री है जो अध्ययन के किसी विशेष क्षेत्र में उच्चतम स्तर की विशेषज्ञता और उपलब्धि का प्रतीक है।

The Origin of the PhD

The term “Doctor of Philosophy” has its roots in the medieval universities of Europe, where it was used to refer to scholars who pursued a rigorous course of study and research. Over time, the concept of a PhD evolved, and it became associated with the highest level of academic attainment.

Key Characteristics of a PhD

  • Research Focus : A PhD program is primarily research-oriented, requiring students to conduct original research in their chosen field of study. This research contributes to the body of knowledge in the discipline.
  • Thesis or Dissertation : One of the central components of a PhD program is the completion of a doctoral thesis or dissertation. This is a substantial research project that demonstrates the candidate’s ability to make a significant contribution to their field.
  • Expertise and Specialization : PhD candidates become experts in their chosen area of specialization, gaining in-depth knowledge and critical thinking skills.
  • Duration : The duration of a PhD program varies by country and discipline but typically spans three to five years of full-time study.
  • Academic Rigor : PhD programs are academically rigorous, requiring candidates to engage in critical analysis, literature reviews, and scholarly writing.

The PhD Journey

The journey to earning a PhD is challenging and demanding, involving several stages:

  • Coursework : In the initial phase, students may complete coursework in their field to build a strong foundation of knowledge.
  • Research Proposal : PhD candidates must develop a research proposal outlining their intended research project, including its significance and methodology.
  • Research and Data Collection : The heart of a PhD program involves conducting research, collecting data, and analyzing findings. This phase may require fieldwork, laboratory experiments, surveys, or other research methods.
  • Thesis Writing : Candidates write a doctoral thesis or dissertation based on their research findings. This document is a substantial, original contribution to the field and is subjected to peer review.
  • Oral Defense : After completing the thesis, candidates defend their research in an oral examination, often called a viva voce or thesis defense. This involves presenting and defending their work before a panel of experts.
  • Publication : Many PhD candidates seek to publish their research in academic journals, further contributing to the scholarly community.

Global Recognition and Career Impact

Earning a PhD is a significant achievement with global recognition. It opens doors to various career opportunities, including:

  • Academic Roles : Many PhD holders become university professors or researchers, imparting knowledge and contributing to academic advancements.
  • Research and Development : PhD graduates often find employment in research and development roles in industries, government agencies, and non-profit organizations.
  • Consulting : Consulting firms value the expertise and problem-solving skills of PhD holders.
  • Policy Analysis : PhD graduates can work as policy analysts, influencing and shaping public policy.
  • Entrepreneurship : Some PhD holders launch their businesses or startups, leveraging their expertise and research.

Conclusion – PhD Full Form

In conclusion, PhD, which stands for “Doctor of Philosophy,” represents the pinnacle of academic achievement and expertise in a specific field of study. It is characterized by a rigorous research focus, the completion of a substantial thesis or dissertation, and a commitment to advancing knowledge in the chosen discipline. Earning a PhD is a challenging yet rewarding journey that opens doors to a wide range of career opportunities and allows individuals to make significant contributions to their fields. As the pursuit of knowledge continues to evolve, the PhD remains a symbol of intellectual rigor and a catalyst for innovation and discovery in the academic world.

phd ka full name

PhD Full Form – FAQs

Ans. PhD stands for “Doctor of Philosophy.”

Ans. पीएचडी का मतलब “डॉक्टर ऑफ फिलॉसफी” है।

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Shubham Mittal is a renowned current affairs writer and expert in government exam preparation, inspiring readers with insightful articles and guiding aspirants with his expertise.

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PhD Course - Doctor of Philosophy

  • Admission Process
  • Popular Colleges
  • PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) Course

PhD course, or Doctor of Philosophy course, is a doctorate-level course that can take 3–6 years to complete, but can be completed in 5–6 years. The course can cover a variety of subjects, including law, engineering, migration studies, medicine, anthropology, and physics. To get admission to a PhD course , candidates must hold a master's degree. Further, PhD entrance exams like the CSIR UGC NET, UGC-NET, JNUEE, and others are used in India to grant admission to PhD courses. Among the top PhD colleges that offer admission to the course are IIT Kanpur, Jadavpur University, Chandigarh University, IIT BHU, Jawaharlal Nehru University, IIT Gandhinagar, and others.

PhD syllabuses vary depending on the subject chosen by the candidate for research; however, the every PhD syllabus is designed to encourage students to conduct research. PhD subjects include the Formulation and Investigation of multiple theses, including Western Philosophy, Modern Philosophy, Indian Philosophical Studies, etc. as well as guaranteeing the safe and well-resourced completion of projects and the development of theses from research. 

Candidates could previously pursue PhD courses through distance education; however, a UGC circular issued in 2017 stated that a PhD course pursued through distance education would no longer be recognised. PhD fellowships are usually granted to candidates who have passed entrance exams such as GATE, JEST, UGC NET, and others while pursuing their PhD. Furthermore, academic institutions such as IGNOU and Delhi University (DU) provide fellowships to PhD students who are enrolled full-time. Candidates may pursue a PhD course in any field of interest. PhD candidates must choose one or more topics, conduct extensive research on them, and respond to any questions that arise. 

PhD candidates conduct original research and write original theses on a given topic. In addition to their research, students participate in extracurricular activities, attend seminars, and give presentations. Candidates with a PhD have more career options in fields such as Research, Education, Literature, Civil Service, Politics, Communications, Human Resources, Advertising, and so on.

PhD graduates in the academic sector, can pursue PhD jobs such as Research Assistants, Assistant Professors, and Scientific Writers/Editors.  PhD candidates are employed by a variety of industries, including Academic Institutions/Universities, both privately funded and government institutions. They can also work in government offices as Policy Analysts or Data Scientists. Lastly, candidates can expect to earn a PhD salary ranging between INR 8 - 10 LPA.

Table of Contents

Phd latest updates 2024, phd (doctor of philosophy) course details: highlights, what is the difference between phd and doctorate, why choose a phd degree, phd course entrance exams, phd admission process in india, direct phd admission process without entrance exam, types of phd programs, top phd (doctor of philosophy) courses in different streams, types of phd research scholars, phd fee in india, phd syllabus & subjects, phd course structure, top ranked phd colleges in india, top private phd colleges in india, top government phd colleges in india, phd scholarships offered, sponsored phd programs, career options after phd (doctor of philosophy) degree, what is an online phd (doctor of philosophy) degree, faqs about phd.

Here are the most latest updates about PhD:

  • The GATE 2024 Exam will take place on February 3, 4, 10, and 11, 2024. 
  • JEE Main Result 2024 for Session 1 will be released on February 12, 2024.
  • Furthermore, the JEE Main Session 2 exam will be held between April 1 and April 15, 2024, with the results announced on April 25, 2024. 
  • The WBJEE exam date for 2024 has been announced. WBJEE 2024 will be held on April 28, 2024, as a pen-and-paper test. 
  • The first phase of the AEEE exam is over. The AEEE phase 1 results will be available by February 10. 
  • The second phase of AEEE 2024 is scheduled for May 10–14, 2024. 
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham will accept the AEEE application form 2024 for Phase 2 until the end of April 2024. 
  • The OJEE application form 2024 has been released, and the deadline for submitting it is March 15, 2024.

The major highlights of the PhD course are listed in the table below. 

A PhD is not the same as a Doctorate. They, on the other hand, confuse people. The difference between PhD and Doctorate is tabulated below.

Pursuing a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) offers numerous advantages for students interested in a specific field. 

  • It allows them to explore their subject in-depth and expand their knowledge. 
  • PhD students have the freedom to dedicate ample time to their research projects without feeling rushed or pressured for immediate results. 
  • One of the main motivations for pursuing a PhD is to enhance employment prospects, as it opens up career opportunities that may not be accessible with just a bachelor's or master's degree. These opportunities often require specialized research skills and extensive experience. 
  • Furthermore, a PhD is often a prerequisite for those aspiring to work in academia as lecturers or university researchers. 
  • If you have a genuine passion for research, a PhD can be a highly rewarding pursuit, providing a sense of enjoyment and fulfillment. However, it's important to have a clear vision of your post-PhD plans. 
  • If you seek a new challenge that fosters personal growth, a PhD offers a unique and highly committed educational experience with significant rewards.

PhD programmes are highly competitive, and many students apply. Because a PhD qualification is a highly valued qualification that is not offered by many colleges, students compete fiercely for admission. Colleges use an entrance exam as a screening process to ensure fairness in the decision-making process. The following are some of the most popular PhD entrance exams:

  • IISc PhD Entrance Exam
  • JNU Entrance Examination
  • BHU – Research Entrance Test
  • NIPER PhD Entrance Exam    
  • AIIMS PhD Entrance Exam  

The eligibility criteria for the aforementioned entrance exams vary because they are entirely dependent on the conduction body. As each college or subject has its own governing body, the format of the entrance exams varies depending on the specialization. Some general guidelines for PhD entrance examinations are listed below:

  • There will be logical, reasoning, and knowledge-based questions on the exam. The test will be conducted both online and offline
  • The papers will be objective, and if there are any subjective questions, they will be asked to assess argument and reasoning skills
  • A university's/conduction body's syllabus, mode of examination, and question pattern may change.

PhD admissions are mostly chosen through entrance exams. There are a few universities, however, where admission is also based on merit. A candidate must be eligible for the course in order to apply for PhD admissions. PhD admission requires a Master's degree or an MPhil with an aggregate of at least 55% from any recognised university in the country or a foreign university. Candidates with an MTech or ME degree are also eligible to apply.  

To be able to apply for PhD admission 2024, candidates must meet the eligibility criteria.

PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) Eligibility Criteria

Candidates are only eligible to pursue a PhD if they have completed a master's degree in a related course/field/stream to which they are interested in getting a PhD. Some colleges seek candidates to have completed an MPhil before enrolling in a PhD course.

Other than that, many colleges state that candidates who have passed the UGC NET are eligible for PhD programmes offered by them. Candidates wishing to pursue a PhD in Engineering must have a valid GATE score.

PhD Eligibility Criteria Category-Wise

Some of the basic eligibility for PhD admission are mentioned below:

  • Students must have a done Master’s degree (MSc/MTech/MPhil/MA/MBA) in a relevant subject, in order to study a PhD Course
  • The student should have scored at least 55% marks or equivalent grade points in the PG course that he studied in any government-recognized institute. In case the candidate belongs to a reserved category (SC/ST/OBC), he/ she will be offered relaxation in minimum marks of either 5% or 10%, depending on the category
  • University/college mandated PhD entrance examination needs to be cleared by the candidate to ensure a seat for pursuing a PhD
  • In some university/colleges candidates that have work experience in the field of research are preferred highly and are given more preference

However, the following are a few examples of category-wise eligibility requirements for PhD candidates:

PhD Eligibility for Government/Semi-Government Fellowship Recipients: Full-Time Research Scholars

PhD scholars in this category are eligible for financial assistance through government/semi-government fellowship programmes

PhD Eligibility for Institute research Scholars with Teaching Assistance

PhD scholars in this category are offered Institute Teaching Assistantships as specified by the MHRD

PhD Eligibility for Self-financed Candidates (Indian/ Foreign)

  • Indian self-financed: Indian candidates who self-fund their education are given seats in doctoral programmes offered by institutions based on their performance and experience. Such candidates participate in the regular admissions process for PhD courses in order to be offered admission to the institute's PhD programmes, but the institute does not provide them with any financial support
  • Foreign self-financed: Only after they receive the required "no objection certificate" from MHRD, the Indian government, and other required approvals from India's Ministry of External Affairs, are foreign self-financed candidates offered admission through the embassy of their home nation.

PhD Eligibility for Candidate Sponsors

These PhD candidates are supported to conduct full-time research at the relevant institution by (recognised) Research and Development organisations.

PhD Eligibility for Candidates for Study Leaves

For a period of less than three years, government organisations, businesses, and educational institutions grant study leaves to applicants who fall into this category so they can conduct research at the designated institution. For admission as a PhD scholar in this category, the candidate's institute or employer must provide a letter of leave.

PhD Eligibility for ICCR Awardees

If they have been given a scholarship by their government, foreign candidates who are supported by their respective governments are given a seat in a PhD programme under the Indian Council of Cultural Relations (ICCR) award holders' category.

PhD Eligibility for Part-time Scholars in Research

The following categories are available for applicants at an institute seeking admission as part-time research scholars:

  • Research Assistants
  • Institute staff/ Faculty
  • Project Staff
  • External Sponsored Candidates

Steps to apply for PhD Admission 2024

PhD Admission 2024 is majorly based on entrance exam. The UGC NET, which is administered twice a year, is one of several entrance exams used for PhD admission. Admission to Central universities is available. JRF-GATE, the IISC PhD Entrance Exam, the VMOU PhD, the IPU PhD, and the IGNOU PhD are additional PhD entrance exams. A few universities also have entrance exams specifically designed for PhD courses. Applicants may also sit for entrance examinations like the GATE, NET, and CSIR NET to be considered for PhD admissions in India.

To apply for PhD or research course, applicants must complete the following steps:

Step 1: Go to the official website of the college or university, review all of the information about the PhD course it offers, and select the field of study you want to pursue.

Step 2: Candidates must keep a look out for any admission updates or visit the university's official website to complete their application for admission to the course of their choice.

Step 3: Candidates must then complete and submit their PhD application forms in accordance with the educational institution's timeline. Applicants must also submit all required paperwork and the application fee on time in order to be considered for PhD admission.

Step 4: Some colleges and universities may require a research proposal in addition to the application form. The application is submitted to the educational institution's research unit, which reviews it along with the research proposal.

Step 5: Following the review of the PhD application, the majority of colleges and universities shortlist the names of candidates who must appear for the entrance exam and other admissions processes that are held to select applicants for admission to the PhD course they offer.

Step 6: Candidates are assigned supervisors or guides for their PhD research after being admitted to PhD course based on their performance in the admission rounds.

Skills Required for PhD Graduate

PhD graduates must possess a set of skills essential for success in their careers, extending beyond their research proficiency. These skills are crucial for thriving in the workplace after completing their research. These skills include:

  • Proficiency in quantitative analysis
  • Strong research abilities
  • Sharp analytical skills
  • Capacity to handle high-pressure situations
  • Effective interpersonal skills

In most colleges and universities, PhD admissions are decided by merit. A written 10+2 exam, a series of in-person interviews, and/or a qualifying exam relevant to the programme will determine which candidates are accepted into the PhD programme. Under such circumstances, candidates are usually selected on the basis of their academic standing and their results on a prior relevant exam.

In India, there are three basic types of PhD programmes. They are full-time PhDs, part-time PhDs, and online PhDs.

Students can check out below some popular PhD courses that they can pursue in different streams:

Popular PhD Course in Humanities

PhD in humanities consists of courses that critically examine human thought and culture. These courses usually deal with the effect of art, music, literature, the arts, and philosophy on the world we live in. Students pursuing a PhD in Humanities course must focus more on abstract questions rather than on technical skills. 

The students pursuing a PhD degree in Arts would learn and research in depth about the development of ideas and concepts, behavioural patterns and the challenges faced, functioning of a society, human interactions and relationships, etc. Students can check online some of the popular PhD courses in Humanities and Arts mentioned below: 

  • PhD in Humanities
  • PhD Economics
  • PhD Geography
  • PhD in Social Work
  • PhD in English
  • PhD in Public and Economic Policy
  • PhD in Humanities & Social Sciences
  • PhD in Psychology
  • PhD in Arts
  • PhD in International Relations and Politics
  • PhD in Physiology
  • PhD in Public Policy

Popular PhD Course in Science

PhD Science is a doctorate level course with a duration of 3 to 5 years during which students from MSc or MTech background can learn more about this field. It involves candidates to research any one of the PhD subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, etc. 

At the end of the course, the student will have to submit the research thesis to earn a PhD Science degree. Students can check out some of the popular online PhD courses in Science mentioned below: 

  • PhD in Chemistry
  • PhD in Clinical Research
  • PhD in Science
  • PhD in Bioscience
  • PhD in Bioinformatics
  • PhD Biotechnology
  • PhD in Mathematical and Computational Sciences
  • PhD in Environmental Science and Engineering
  • PhD Zoology
  • PhD in Physics
  • Phd in Mathematics
  • PhD in Zoology  

Popular PhD Courses in Commerce

PhD in Commerce is a doctorate course with a minimum duration of two years with certain universities requiring the candidates to complete the course within five years of time along with the thesis or research paper. There are some universities that provide part-time PhD in commerce. 

The PhD in Commerce subjects provides a greater insight in the field of commerce and accounting, finance, forecasting, management and budgeting. These courses are better suited for someone with a commerce or business background. The course provides better quality education to the students so they can serve the needs of business and industry management. Two such popular PhD courses are mentioned below: 

  • PhD in Commerce Management
  • PhD in Accounting and Financial Management  

Popular PhD Courses in Engineering

If you want to focus on research-based education in the field of technology then a PhD in engineering and technology is one of the best options. It involves the development of new cutting-edge technologies or research methods that can create an impact on the world. It can also be a program that focuses on the student's own desired focus, such as on learning a very specific area of engineering or technology. 

Ph.D. in Engineering and Technology is a 5-year course. Candidates who wish to pursue a PhD in engineering and technology must have a masters degree or equivalent to this degree from a recognized university. Some popular PhD Course in Engineering are mentioned below:

  • PhD in Engineering
  • PhD in Genetic Engineering
  • PhD in Civil Engineering
  • PhD in Engineering and Technology
  • PhD Electronics & Communication Engineering
  • PhD Computer Science Engineering
  • PhD in Electronics and Communication Engineering
  • PhD in Information Technology
  • PhD in Production Engineering
  • PhD in Chemical Engineering
  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering  

Popular PhD Course in Business & Management

PhD in Business and Management is a doctorate level course that includes the activities associated with a company, such as managing, leading, monitoring, organizing and strategizing. The duration of PhD in Business Management is usually 3-years. Some popular PhD degree in Business & Management are mentioned below: 

  • PhD Business Administration
  • PhD in Management
  • PhD in Aviation Management
  • PhD in Logistics and Supply Chain Management
  • PhD in Accounting and Financial Management
  • PhD in Marketing/ Brand Management
  • PhD in Commerce
  • PhD in Commerce and Management  

Popular PhD Degree in Law

PhD in law allows the students to enhance their understanding of the legal studies. The students are taught an overview of the subject, the nuances to proceed with the cases and how to go around while studying a case, and the outlook required while looking into its details. 

PhD in Law is a 3-year full-time doctorate programme in the field of Law. PhD in law provides students with the required training which helps them pave their way in gaining exposure in their field. Some popular PhD Course in Law are mentioned below:

  • PhD in Constitutional Law
  • PhD in Law and Governance
  • PhD in Legal Studies  

Popular PhD Degree in Teaching & Education

  • PhD in Education
  • PhD in Teaching  

There are 2 types of research scholars in PhD:

Full Time Research Scholars

The details about full time research scholars is given below:

Part Time Research Scholars

Individuals who seek admission under the part time research scholars at an institute are offered admission under the categories mentione below:

  • External Sponsored Category
  • Institute Staff/ Faculty

In India, the average PhD course fee varies from INR 50 and 6LPA, with candidates typically able to pay the fees annually. However, the PhD course fee is set by the college to which students wish to apply. PhD fees vary depending on factors such as college location, facilities, faculty, and infrastructure. PhD programmes allow students to apply for scholarships from private companies, colleges, and non-governmental organisations. These scholarships benefit students by reducing their financial burdens and encouraging them to pursue their research. 

PhD syllabus will be determined by the subject chosen by the student. It is worth noting that the PhD programme is available in nearly all major disciplines, including Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics, Bio-Sciences, Clinical Research, Zoology, Applied Sciences, Economics, Social Work, Literature, Arts, Psychology, and Social Sciences.

The student will have approximately 3-5 years to complete their PhD programme. The student will be required to submit an original research thesis on a specific topic at the end of the programme.

Topics for the research paper could include:

  • Introduction to the Topic 
  • Research Design 
  • Research Foundation 
  • Quality Standards 
  • Structure and Size

For your ease, we have included PhD syllabuses for a few subjects.

PhD Syllabus for Science Specialisation

The following is the PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in Science. The programme lasts between three and five years. The syllabus is divided into semesters, and the PhD subjects covered are listed below. Each year is divided into two semesters.

PhD Syllabus for Management Studies Specialization

PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in management studies course is mentioned below. The given PhD syllabus is semester-wise with the PhD subjects mentioned below. 

PhD Syllabus for Engineering and Technology Specialization

PhD Syllabus in engineering and technology is given below. The PhD course is for 5 years. The given PhD subjects are topic wise:

PhD in Legal Studies Syllabus

The Syllabus of PhD in legal studies is given below. The course is for 3 years. The given PhD subjects are coursewise:

PhD in Philosophy Syllabus

PhD syllabus in Philosophy course is given below. The course is for 3 years to 6 years. The given syllabus is paper-wise. There are 4 papers including elective exams with the PhD subjects mentioned below:

PhD in English Literature Syllabus

PhD Syllabus or Doctor of Philosophy syllabus in English literature course is given below. The duration of this PhD course is for 3 years to 5 years. The PhD subjects covered in this course are mentioned below. 

PhD in Economics Syllabus

PhD Syllabus of Economics course is given below.  There are a total of 4 papers with the elective exam. All of the papers along with various PhD subjects are mentioned below. 

The steps that candidates must take when pursuing a PhD course in order to be awarded a PhD degree are as follows:

  • When candidates are accepted into PhD programmes at educational institutions, they must submit a research proposal as well as a research topic.
  • Then, candidates are assigned a research supervisor or guide.
  • Following this, the Research Programme Coordinator/Guide/Supervisor informs candidates about the Course Work, evaluation methodology, and teaching schedule.
  • Most educational institutions require aspirants to submit six-month progress reports for their research projects.
  • Furthermore, as a Research Student, you must give at least two seminar presentations during your tenure as a Research Scholar and submit a Certificate in the prescribed format to the Research Unit.
  • Before submitting their PhD thesis, PhD students must first publish at least one research paper in a peer-reviewed/refereed journal and then submit a Certificate in the prescribed format to the Research Unit.
  • Before aspirants submit their thesis, their supervisor or guide will host a Pre-submission Seminar. This seminar will be open to everyone. As part of this seminar, candidates will submit a report with suggestions for improvement, and the supervisor will ensure that all of these suggestions are incorporated into their final thesis.
  • Candidates must then incorporate all of the changes and provide a summary of their thesis to their supervisor or guide at least 45 days before submitting the thesis.
  • Finally, candidates must submit their thesis in both hard and soft copy. This thesis will be reviewed by external experts. If an expert suggests any changes to the research paper submitted by the candidate, he or she must resubmit a modified thesis.
  • Then, a viva-voce is held, in which candidates can openly defend their thesis and present their points of view to a panel of experts.
  • Candidates who complete all of these steps to perfection will only receive a PhD degree.

Here are some of the top PhD colleges, along with their average fees, listed below:

Note: The fees listed above are subject to change.

There are various private colleges as well from where you can pursue your PhD. Some of the best private PhD colleges along with their PhD fees are given in the table below: 

Given below are some of the best PhD colleges in India to pursue your doctorate. The PhD fees for the particular college are also mentioned in the table below: 

PhD students can apply for several types of PhD scholarships, including:

PhD Scholarships in India for Students

In India, there are numerous scholarships available for Indian students pursuing a PhD, offering financial assistance to ease the burden of funding their studies. Here are some notable scholarships:

  • Prime Minister Fellowship for Doctoral Research: This fellowship, supervised by the Central Government, provides financial support to meritorious students pursuing PhD courses. Recipients receive a monthly stipend of INR 70K.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Memorial Fund Scholarships: These merit-based scholarships support students pursuing doctoral programs in various fields such as Science, Sociology, and Philosophy, after completing their post-graduation. The scholarship is granted for a duration of 2 years and is available to candidates below the age of 35.
  • ICHR Junior Research Fellowships (JRF): Provided by the Indian Council of Historical Research, this scholarship is for students pursuing a PhD in Historical studies. It involves an entrance exam followed by an interview, and recipients typically receive a monthly amount ranging from INR 16.5 K to INR 17.6K for a period of 2 years.
  • Maulana Azad National Fellowship: This fellowship, offered by the Ministry of Minority Affairs, supports financially disadvantaged students pursuing research or doctorate courses. Eligible candidates must have a family income below INR 6 LPA and have completed their post-graduation. Scholars receive INR 28K per month for a duration of 5 years.
  • NCERT Doctoral Fellowship for PhD: National Council of Educational Research and Training offers this fellowship to meritorious students to cover expenses such as tuition fees, accommodation, books, and other charges. Eligibility criteria include qualifying entrance tests like the NET exam and being below the age of 35. The fellowship is provided for a duration of 3 years, with a monthly amount ranging from INR 23K - 25K.

Students who want to be funded during their doctoral studies must pass the NET exam. Passing the NET Exam ensures a stipend from the Government of India, regardless of the university. After passing the NEET, the student receives INR 31K from the Central Government.

The following are some of the best PhD scholarships in India for students pursuing Doctor of Philosophy degrees:

PhD Philosophy graduates have a wide range of career options and higher-paying jobs as a result of the knowledge and experience they gained during their studies. Graduates of the PhD Philosophy programme can find work in a variety of fields, including research, education, literature, law, civil service, science analytics, and politics. Communications, publishing, and so on.

The most common PhD Philosophy job profiles pursued by graduates are research scientist and philosophy professor. PhD Philosophy graduates have job opportunities in both the private and public sectors. Top recruiters include IIT Patna, Mathworks, Archaeological Survey of India, Nalanda University, Election Commission of India, CNN, BBC, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, and others. These top companies hire such professionals and pay them an average salary of INR 10-20 LPA.

Some of the major job profiles associated with the course, along with the average salary, are as follows:

Note: The salary mentioned above is subject to change.

PhD Top Recruiters

Some of the top recruiters of PhDs in India are listed below.

  • Research Institutions: Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)   
  •  IT Industry: Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Infosys, and Wipro  
  • Pharmaceutical Companies: Sun Pharmaceutical Industries, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories, and Cipla   
  • Financial Institutions: Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), and National Stock Exchange (NSE)  
  • Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs): NGOs working in areas like education, healthcare, environment, and social development may employ PhDs for research, program management, and advocacy positions

In India, the average salary for a PhD graduate is between INR 5 and 10 LPA. This figure, however, may differ depending on a number of parameters, including a job description, years of experience, and the city of employment. A PhD graduate's pay is determined by a number of factors, some of which are within the student's control. Participating in internships and accumulating work experience may increase the probability of being paid more. 

Below is an approximate PhD salary range for various job profiles after completing a PhD degree:

Online PhD degree is an advanced academic degree that can be earned online. It can be offered in full-time or part-time modes. Online PhD programs are flexible and convenient, especially for working professionals. They can help students gain advanced knowledge and specialized expertise to further their career. 

Online PhD programs typically require at least two years of study, and many set a completion deadline of 7-9 years. Students typically need to complete coursework, pass qualifying examinations, and write and defend an original dissertation. Online PhD programs can be more affordable than traditional PhD programs. Students can complete an online PhD in as little as three years, while traditional PhD programs can take up to eight years to complete. 

Some online doctoral programs offer a choice of two learning tracks. Students can take their time with the standard track, or speed through the program content with the accelerated option.

Furthermore, an online PhD is less expensive than a traditional PhD.

Popular Courses

Can you be rejected from a phd programme.

PhD applications are frequently rejected for a variety of reasons. This is not the desired outcome after all of your efforts. However, rejection is a normal part of the PhD application process.

Can I pursue a PhD after completing my 12th grade?

To be eligible for a PhD programme, applicants must have a master's degree. Candidates may pursue a PhD programme in any discipline. In a PhD programme, students must choose a topic or subject, conduct extensive research on it, and respond to any questions that arise.  

How can I get a PhD?

7 Steps to earn a PhD are listed below:

  • Get a Bachelor's Degree
  • Get a Master of Education degree
  • Find whether a PhD or EdD is right for you
  • Take the entrance exam and apply to Doctoral Programmes
  • Finish the Doctorate Degree Programme Coursework
  • Conclude and defend a dissertation

Is a PhD considered a doctor or not?

A doctoral degree (PhD) is obtained after obtaining a master's degree. A PhD confers the right to use the title doctor.  

What is the duration of a PhD programme?

A PhD programme typically takes four to seven years, but this can vary depending on a number of factors. In certain disciplines, such as psychology, engineering, education, and mathematics, a PhD, or doctorate degree, is the highest level of degree you can obtain.  

What career options are available after earning a PhD?

A PhD holder can work as a researcher, scientist, professor, journalist, independent consultant, human services worker, editor, critic, lecturer, and so on. A PhD holder can also apply for jobs in the finance, government, and other sectors.

Which are the best universities for pursuing a PhD?

Amity University in Noida and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai are two prominent universities that offer PhD degrees. Some of the other universities are:

  • Indian Institute of Science
  • Bangalore Institute of Genetic Engineering, Badu (Kolkata)
  • Chennai's KCG College of Technology
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi
  • Kolkata Institute of Technical and Professional Studies
  • New Delhi's Jamia Millia Islamia University
  • Indian Statistical Institute 
  • Chennai Mathematical Institute

What does a PhD entail?

PhD graduates may be able to work in other countries. If you have a PhD, any company will hire you because the PhD is currently the highest level of academic degree anyone can earn, and the companies see you as an expert in the subject.  

Is it possible to get a PhD without a master's degree?

Yes, a PhD can be obtained without first earning a master's degree. A number of universities provide direct entry into PhD programmes for students with an undergraduate or bachelor's degree. In some cases, specific schools or programmes may prefer master's degree holders.

How many hours per day do you commit to your PhD?

As a general rule, a full-time PhD will require 35 hours of work per week - the equivalent of a full-time, 9-5 job.

Is a PhD more challenging than a doctorate?

It is not simpler to earn a PhD than a doctorate. Both require effort and are different. It would be best to do some research on the subject you want to study. A doctorate degree examines an existing body of knowledge and theories developed by this knowledge, whereas a PhD requires years of original research.  

Do PhD students receive funding?

The fact that you get paid for pursuing a PhD is one of its biggest benefits. A PhD stipend is a monthly payment made to students to help with living expenses, research costs, and housing costs. The cost that is covered by a PhD stipend varies depending on the organisation and degree.  

What are the advantages of a PhD?

Having a PhD is a huge advantage. Don't let others baffle you. PhDs earn more money than non-PhDs and are in high demand. Trained professionals who understand how to create information rather than simply repackage it are desperately needed. Entrepreneurship and innovation are at record highs.  

What is the most difficult aspect of a PhD?

Every PhD student will agree that the most difficult aspect of the degree is staying motivated. You begin a PhD because you are interested in a particular subject.  

What is the minimum eligibility for Ph.D course?

The minimum eligibility for admission to a Ph. D course will be a Master's/ M. Phil Degree from any accredited Indian or Foreign University in the relevant field.

What if you fail your PhD?

If you are not awarded a PhD, you may be awarded an MPhil instead. For this to happen, your work must be deemed worthy of an MPhil, as a Master's degree is still considered an advanced postgraduate research degree.

Is it worthwhile to pursue a PhD in anything?

A PhD can be detrimental to your finances, leave you in debt, and leave you with no clear path to success in certain fields. PhDs, on the other hand, earn more and have lower unemployment rates. A PhD also provides you with a world-class mind, a global network, and a skill set that can take you pretty much anywhere.  

What does a PhD degree stand for?

A PhD degree stands for Doctor of Philosophy, which is regarded as the highest academic course level.

What are the requirements for PhD admission?

The requirements to get into a PhD program are a bachelor’s degree with at least a second-class grade and a master’s degree with high academic grades.

Which university is known as the best university in India?

Indian Institute of Technology Bombay University is known for best university and No.1 University in India.

Is there any age limit to do a PhD course?

There is no specific age limit for PhD courses. It can be pursued at any age but the candidate should satisfy the eligibility criteria.

How many years does it take to complete PhD?

 A doctorate or PhD degree generally lasts for 3 years. Candidates pursuing the program are given a maximum time of 5 to 6 years to complete their research. However, the duration of the PhD courses varies institute wise as well.

What jobs can a PhD get you?

PhD can get you jobs in universities, labs, government sectors, research institutes, and many more.

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Ph.D (Doctor of Philosophy): Course Details, Eligibility, Duration, Fees

Sakshi Chaudhary

Updated on - Jan 5, 2024

PhD is a doctoral program that deals with a variety of research methods and specializations including English, Microbiology, Psychology, and more. PhD duration in India is 3-5 years which depends on the coursework completion by the student. Ph.D. graduates primarily work as Consultants, Researchers, Professors, and R&D Industry Experts.

Table of Contents

About phd course, who should pursue phd course , phd eligibility criteria, phd admission process, phd entrance exam, phd fees structure, integrated phd, phd courses, categories of phd candidates, top phd colleges in india, phd in india, syllabus and subjects for phd, phd course comparison, salary of a phd graduate, career options after doctor of philosophy course, phd scholarships, skills that make you the best phd graduate, phd course details.

PhD full form is Doctor of Philosophy, which is a high-level academic program that involves in-depth study and research in a specific field of study. The average PhD fee is in the range of INR 30,000–3 LPA .

PhD course duration is 3-5 years . The PhD syllabus includes core subjects such as research methodology, understanding of literature review, and other related topics.

PhD Admission requires students to have a 50-55% aggregate in postgraduation and qualifying entrance exams such as CSIR NET, GATE, UGC NET , etc. The PhD job scope is vast, where graduates are involved in developing new technologies or products, working on research projects with universities or organizations, etc.

Why Choose PhD Course?

PhD is one of the most prestigious degrees that a student can pursue. With the recent focus by the government to encourage research education in the country, a PhD degree is considered the most viable option.

Why Choose PhD?

To gain a deeper insight into "Why to choose a PhD," below are a few points listed:

  • A PhD degree offers various career opportunities in research, academia, or other specialized areas of work.
  • There has been an increase of 13.7% in enrollment in PhD from the previous year.
  • The advancement of technology has made it easier for students to access research resources and collaborate with researchers from other countries.
  • The Indian government has taken several initiatives to support and promote PhD courses in India such as MERU, IMPRINT, Prime Minister Research Fellowship, Global Initiative of Academic Networks, etc.

Read More:   PhD Jobs and scope

Before deciding whether to pursue a PhD course, it is important to understand the alignment between individual expectations and course offerings. Below is a general overview of aspirants that can pursue the PhD course:  

  • A PhD qualification is for those who have a strong academic background and an interest in a career in academia or research, pursuing a PhD program is a wise choice.
  • Individuals who enjoy the process of exploring new ideas, theories, and concepts in their field of study are well-suited for a PhD degree.
  • Those who are interested in a career in teaching, research, or consulting in their field of study should consider pursuing a doctor of philosophy course.

The basic PhD eligibility criteria is common for most of the colleges. Given below are the PhD requirements enlisted as common criteria by various colleges for admission to PhD program:

  • Candidates who have completed their postgraduation from an accredited university with a minimum of 50-55%  aggregate marks are eligible to apply for PhD course.
  •  A candidate is required to clear cutoffs for entrance exams such as UGC NET, GATE, CSIR NET, BHU RET, etc as per the college requirement.
  • Some universities may also require relevant work experience in the field of research to which the candidate is applying.
  • There is no upper age limit to enroll in the course.

The admissions to the PhD course can be done through both online  and  offline  methods. PhD admission in India is also available from the website or by directly visiting the college's admissions office. 

Admission Process for PhD

Listed below is the PhD admission process in general:

  • PhD registration can be carried out through online and offline methods.
  • Students need to visit the website college to check for entrance exams.
  • If any entrance exam is conducted, the candidate needs to qualify. 
  • Once the merit list is published, candidates need to sit for a counseling session.
  • Upload the necessary documents   and pay the PhD admission fees.

Read More:   PhD Admission

PhD full form is Doctor of Philosophy and it is one of the prestigious courses to pursue to enhance skills and develop expertise. PhD admission is based on entrance exams held at the national, state, or institute level. Below mentioned is the list of PhD entrance exam :

  • BARC PhD Admission Test
  • ICMR Junior Research Fellowships
  • DBT Biotechnology Eligibility Test
  • BINC Examination
  • BITS PhD Entrance Examination

State-level PhD Entrance Exams

Some entrance exams are conducted at state levels which can grant a candidate wishing to pursue PhD degree at the university of their choice. Here is a list regarding the information on PhD entrance exam state-wise :

A Quick Glance at the PhD Entrance Exams

The PhD eligibility criteria of the above-mentioned entrance exams are entirely dependent on the conduction body; hence it varies. While the format of the entrance exams varies on the specialization, as each college or subject has its own governing body.

Below listed are some of the general guidelines for the PhD entrance exam:

  • The exam pattern includes logical, reasoning, and knowledge-based questions. The mode of the test will be both online and offline.
  • The paper is MCQ based.
  • The exam is divided into common and subject-specific sections.
  • The syllabus, mode of examination, and question pattern may change according to a university/conduction body.
  • There is no negative marketing.

PhD Entrance Exam Syllabus

PhD exam syllabus helps the candidates to prepare for the exam by delivering the necessary knowledge and information about the exam pattern. The syllabus varies according to the PhD specialisation chosen by the student such as Management, Commerce, Education , etc. Below given is the common syllabus for the common paper:

  • Research Methodology
  • Indian Logic
  • Logical Reasoning
  • Mathematics
  • Verbal Reasoning
  • People Development & Environment

Read More on PhD Entrance Exam Syllabus

The average PhD fees ranges from INR 30,000 - 3 LPA . The PhD course fees, however, vary as per the institute concerned according to its prestige, infrastructure, faculty, etc. Below is a list of colleges with respective fee structures:

Traditional academic study and professional practice are both combined as part of a form of a doctoral program known as an integrated PhD.

Integrated PhD programs frequently combine coursework, research, and professional experience to allow students the opportunity to get a thorough understanding of their topic.  Below mentioned are details of the Integrated PhD course:

PhD full form is Doctor of Philosophy and the course duration is between 3 - 5 years, depending on the specialization students decide to pursue. In India, the PhD course provides excellent exposure to multiple opportunities and qualifies them to work in their respective research areas either in India or abroad.

Listed below are some of the top PhD specialization:

  • PhD in Economics
  • PhD in Computer Science
  • PhD in Philosophy
  • PhD in Psychology
  • PhD in English

Other popular PhD course specializations are listed below:

Doctor of Philosophy courses are highly valued by employers and are essential for careers in academia and research. A student can pursue a PhD degree in various streams according to their experience, interest and, future scope.

Below is a list of the various streams in which PhD degree is available:

PhD Courses in Science 

PhD course in the Science stream aims to prepare students for careers in academia or industry, where they can apply their scientific knowledge and research skills to solve real-world problems with specialization in chemistry, botany, bioscience, etc.

Below is a list of the subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD degree in Science:

  • PhD in Mathematics
  • PhD in Chemistry
  • PhD in Physics
  • PhD in Biotechnology
  • PhD in Zoology
  • PhD in Clinical Research
  • PhD in Bioinformatics
  • PhD in Applied Sciences
  • PhD in Mathematical and Computational Sciences
  • PhD in Bioscience
  • PhD in Basic and Applied Science
  • PhD in Environmental Science and Technology
  • PhD in Botany
  • PhD in Applied Chemistry and Polymer Technology

PhD Courses in Humanities and Social Science

Doctor of Philosophy course in Humanities and Social Science aims to develop the student's ability to conduct original research and to produce new insights into the social and cultural aspects of life. Below is a list of the subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD degree in Humanities and Social Science:

  • PhD in Political Science
  • PhD in English
  • PhD in Psychology
  • PhD in Sociology
  • PhD in History
  • PhD in Geography
  • PhD in Social Work
  • PhD in Public Policy
  • PhD in International Relations and Policies
  • PhD in Arts 
  • PhD in Humanities and Social Science
  • PhD in Public and Economic Policy
  • PhD in Life Science

PhD Courses in Engineering

The PhD course in Engineering aims to develop the student's ability to create innovative solutions to complex engineering problems with specializations such as civil engineering, genetic engineering, etc.

Below is a list of the subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD degree in Engineering:

  • PhD in Engineering
  • PhD in Production Engineering 
  • PhD in Information Technology
  • PhD in Chemical Engineering 
  • PhD in Quantitative Techniques
  • PhD in Ceramic Engineering
  • PhD in Computer Science Engineering
  • PhD in Civil Engineering
  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering
  • PhD in Genetic Engineering
  • PhD in Aeronautical and Automobile Engineering
  • PhD in Marine Biotechnology

PhD Courses in Commerce

PhD programs in commerce are designed to equip students for careers in academia or research, where they can use their knowledge of research, analysis, and innovation to solve challenging problems in the fields of business and commerce.

Below is a list of the subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD degree in Commerce:

  • PhD in Commerce
  • PhD in Finance
  • PhD in Statistics
  • PhD in Accountancy
  • PhD in Commerce Management
  • PhD in Business Economics
  • PhD in Commerce and Management
  • PhD in Accounting and Financial Management

PhD Courses in Business Management

The PhD programs in Business Management seek to develop highly qualified researchers who can contribute significantly to the business community, academia, and society by tackling the complex problems and difficulties that face organizations and economies around the globe.

Below is a list of subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD course in Business Management:

  • PhD in HR Management
  • PhD in Marketing
  • PhD in Logistics and Supply Chain Management
  • PhD in Management
  • PhD in Operations Management
  • PhD in Organisational Behaviour
  • PhD in Business Administration
  • PhD in Renewable Energy
  • PhD in Aviation Management
  • PhD in Disaster Management

PhD Courses in Law

The goal of the PhD in law programme is to give students advanced training in legal analysis and study techniques. Below is a list of the subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD course in Law:

  • PhD in Legal Studies
  • PhD in Law and Governance
  • PhD in Constitutional Law
  • Doctor of Law

PhD Courses in Medicine

The Doctor of Philosophy course in medicine is designed to challenge students to think critically about medical issues and to develop the ability to analyze complex medical problems. The subject areas include radiology, pathology, neuroscience , and among others.

Below is a list of the subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD degree in Medicine:

  • PhD in Physiotherapy
  • PhD in Medicine
  • PhD in Physiology
  • PhD in Radiology
  • PhD in Hospital Administration
  • PhD in Medical Physics 
  • PhD in Immunology
  • PhD in Pathology
  • PhD in Neurosciences
  • PhD in Paramedical 
  • Doctor of Medicine in Homoeopathy
  • Doctor of Medicine in Forensic Medicine
  • Doctor of Medicine in Cardiology
  • Doctor of Medicine in Biochemistry

PhD Courses in Pharmacy

The PhD courses in Pharmacy's objective is to create highly qualified and knowledgeable individuals who can apply their knowledge in the workplace and make significant contributions to the field of pharmacy through study and teaching.

Below is a list of the subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD degree in Pharmacy:

  • PhD in Pharmaceutical Science
  • PhD in Pharmacology
  • PhD in Pharmaceutics 
  • PhD in Medical Chemistry
  • PhD in Pharmaceutical Chemistry

PhD Courses in Agriculture

The PhD courses in Agriculture seek to create creative answers to the current problems in agriculture, such as food security, climate change, and resource sustainability.

Below is a list of the subject areas in which a student can pursue PhD course in Agriculture:

  • PhD in Horticulture
  • PhD in Agronomy
  • PhD in Agricultural Economics
  • PhD in Plant Pathology

There are various categories of students who pursue PhD. Below is a list of PhD Candidates: 

  • Full-Time Research Scholars: A full-time search A scholar is someone who is enrolled in a PhD programme and is devoting their full time to completing the degree requirements.
  • Part-Time Research Scholars:  Applicants interested in working as part-time science staff at the institute can apply in one of the following categories:
  • External Sponsored Candidates
  • Self-Financed: Candidates in this category go through the normal admissions process but do not receive any financial assistance from universities.
  • Sponsored: The candidates are awarded based on their merit and offered full sponsorship by Research & Development organizations to conduct research. 
  • Govt. /Semi Govt. Fellowship Scheme:  The candidates are granted a fellowship by the government and hence get financial assistance through the government. 
  • Study Leave Candidates: The candidates are granted three years of leave by the government/research institutes/companies to conduct research at specific institutes.
  • ICCR Awardees:  Indian Council of Cultural Relations awardees, are sponsored by their respective state governments. 

Below is the list of the 10 best PhD Colleges in India:

Top PhD Colleges in Chennai

The following are the top PhD colleges in Chennai:

Top PhD Colleges in Mumbai

The following are the top PhD colleges in Mumbai:

Top PhD Colleges in Hyderabad

The following are the top PhD colleges in Hyderabad:

Top PhD Colleges in Bangalore

The top PhD colleges in Bangalore are as follows:

Top PhD Colleges in Delhi

The following are the best PhD colleges in Delhi:

Top PhD Colleges in Kolkata

The best PhD colleges in Kolkata are listed below:

Top PhD Government Colleges

Several government-funded colleges offer PhD in various courses across various streams. The PhD fees in India in government colleges range between INR 10,000-72,000 PA . Here is a tabular list of the top PhD government colleges in India:

Top PhD Private Colleges

Prestigious private institutes are spread all across India offering PhD courses. Below is a table of the top private colleges offering PhD in India:

The number of PhD applicants and students in India has been steadily increasing, indicating a positive growth trend for pursuing a PhD. Below mentioned are PhD course details of top colleges in India:

IIT Bombay PhD

IIT Bombay is one of India's best institutions to pursue a PhD. There are 35 programs in total, and applicants can specialize in any of them. Admission to the PhD programs is through a rigorous selection process that includes clearing the required cut-off for the entrance exam and clearing an interview.

Below is the table for PhD admission process:

IIT Bombay PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More:   IIT Bombay PhD

IIT Delhi PhD

Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi is one of the twenty-three IITs created to be centers of excellence for research, training, and development in science, engineering, and technology in India. IIT Delhi offers over 25 specialization options for PhD degree.

IIT Delhi PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More:   IIT Delhi PhD

IIT Madras PhD

IIT Madras is considered one of the premier institutes for the Doctor of Philosophy degree in India. The admission process is highly competitive, and candidates need to have an excellent academic record and research experience to be considered for admission.

IIT Madras PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More:  IIT Madras PhD

IIT Indore PhD

The highly regarded PhD course at IIT Indore offers students a great platform to explore their research interests and grow as successful researchers in their discipline. Additionally, the institute offers few PhD candidates financial aid in the form of research assistantships and other fellowships.

IIT Indore PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More:  IIT Indore PhD

IISC Bangalore PhD

One of India's top research universities, IISc Bangalore, offers a highly regarded PhD program in a variety of subjects, including engineering, science, humanities, and social sciences.

The PhD programs at IISc Bangalore are created to give students the chance to cooperate with business partners and some of the top researchers in their respective domains. Below is the table for PhD admission process:

IISc Bangalore PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More:  IISC Bangalore PhD

The Doctor of Philosophy courses offered by IGNOU are well-organized, and adaptable, and give students the assistance and resources they need to thrive in their chosen academic or research fields. A variety of online and offline delivery methods are used to provide the courses.

IGNOU PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More:  IGNOU PhD

Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University provides a range of PhD programs in fields like law, business, engineering, and the humanities. The college also offers students to apply for PhD scholarships such as the Earn and Learn Scheme, EBC, Maulana Azad National Fellowship, and Merit Scholarship of the University.

Read More: BAMU PhD

Amity University PhD

Amity University, Noida is a well-known institute with campuses throughout India. Without a doubt, pursuing a doctoral program here is something to think about. The university offers over 70 different doctoral programs. 

Amity University PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More:  Amity University PhD

JNU, or Nehru University, is one of India's best universities, particularly for studies where students have the chance to work with experts from different countries and conduct interdisciplinary research.  A variety of integrated courses are also available through JNU, including MPhil-PhD, MTech-PhD , and MSc-PhD . 

JNU PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More: JNU PhD

Delhi University or DU is one of the best colleges in Delhi, as well as in overall India. The university is renowned for its research and teaching excellence, and its faculty members are highly qualified and experienced

DU PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More: DU PhD

Gujarat Technical University or GTU offers various range of PG and Doctoral Programs to students with research and teaching opportunities, such as seminars and workshops, which can help students gain a deeper understanding of their chosen field.

GTU PhD courses are offered in various specializations as mentioned below:

Read More: GTU PhD

The course and subjects for a PhD degree depend on the specialization aspirants decide to pursue.  Listed below are some common PhD subjects that students, regardless of their chosen stream, will get a chance to study: 

  • Ethics of Interviewing for a Research Course
  • How to Write a Research Proposal
  • Introduction to Social Media as a Research Tool

Read More: PhD Syllabus and Subjects

PhD full form is Doctor of Philosophy, it is one of the highest degrees a student can pursue. PhD duration is 3-5 years and throughout the tenure, the aim is to develop an in-depth understanding of students related to theories, research techniques, and most recent developments in their field of study. There are also other courses for students that offer similar career opportunities to students.

MPhil vs PhD

The table below shows the difference between MPhil and PhD:

The table below shows the difference between MBA and PhD:

The table below shows the difference PhD and MD:

PhD graduate salary is influenced by various factors such as experience, skills, industry outlook, etc. According to Glassdoor, a PhD graduate's average salary is INR 6 LPA in India. The individual can increase their compensation by working on the above factors and keep on learning as per the job dynamics.

Read More:   PhD Salary

A Doctor of Philosophy graduate has a broad spectrum of lucrative employability opportunities in a wide variety of industries and areas of employment, such as:

  • Learning Counsel
  • Research Scientist

PhD full form is Doctor of Philosophy and the aim of the course is to enhance the research in the country for which the government has taken various initiatives in the field of education and research to provide scholarships to students.

Below is a list of some of the PhD Scholarship: 

  • National Fellowship for ST students
  • National Fellowship (NF) for OBC students
  • UGC NET Fellowship
  • Maulana Azad National Fellowship
  • ICSSR Research Fellowship
  • Two fellowships instituted by Research Center on Rural Problem
  • Two fellowships instituted by VasantraoNaik Research Centre
  • Earn and Learn Scheme
  • University Scholar Fellowship, Shetkari & Shetmajur Palya Scholar Fellowship

Read More: PhD Scholarships

PhD graduates need to have skills to help them succeed in their professional lives. After they have completed their research, aspirants will need these skills to ensure that they succeed in their workplace. Some of these skills include:

  • Quantitative Analysis Skills
  • Research Skills
  • Analytical Skills
  • The Ability to Work Under Pressure
  • Interpersonal Skills

Top PhD [Doctor of Philosophy] Colleges

phd ka full name

Chennai,Tamil Nadu

phd ka full name

IISc Bangalore


phd ka full name


phd ka full name

Delhi,Delhi NCR

phd ka full name

Kanpur,Uttar Pradesh

phd ka full name

IIT Kharagpur

Kharagpur,West Bengal

phd ka full name

IIT Roorkee


phd ka full name

IIT Guwahati


PhD Fee Structure

Is PhD a good career choice?

Yes PhD is a good choice for candiates who wants to work in research, academia, or other specialized areas of work.

What are the jobs after PhD in India?

After completing PhD graduates can work as consultants, researchers, professors, and R&D industry experts in India.

What are the PhD benefits in India?

A PhD program is a great opportunity to advance your education and job opportunities in India with increasing government focus to encourage researches in India in coming time. Having a PhD can have a variety of advantages, including expanding your access to higher-level research opportunities and raising your income potential.

What is a PhD Fellowship?

A PhD Fellowship is a type of grant awarded to individuals who are pursuing a doctoral degree. The fellowship often pays for tuition, fees, and a living allowance, freeing up students to concentrate on their research and studies without having to worry about money.

What is the full form of PhD?

PhD full form is Doctor of Philosophy.

What is PhD age limit in India?

There is no upper age limit to enrol in PhD in India.

Is GATE mandatory for PhD after MTech?

After obtaining an MTech, GATE scores are practically necessary for admission to doctoral programs, notably at IITs and NITs. Also some of the Indian universities and institutions conduct their own PhD entrance exam for admission.

Can I do PhD after graduation?

For direct admission to a PhD degree, students must have finished a four-year undergraduate programme, as recently notified by UGC.

See Various PhD Colleges in India

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Meaning In Hindi

  • Full Form »
  • Ph.D full form: (पीएचडी क्या...... »

Ph.D full form: (पीएचडी क्या है, कैसे करें, योग्यता, प्रक्रिया) PHD full form in Hindi

अपने नाम में Dr (Doctor) लगाने वाला हर व्यक्ति रोगों का इलाज करने वाला चिकित्सक यानी डॉक्टर नहीं हो सकता है बल्कि Ph.D किया हुवा व्यक्ति भी अपने नाम में Dr. लगा सकते हैं और लगाते भी हैं। Ph.D किसी विषय में दिए जाने वाली उच्चतम सबसे प्रचलित डिग्री है। यह डिग्री किसी विषय के अध्ययन के निश्चित पाठ्यक्रम के बाद प्रदान की जाती है। चूंकि Ph.D एक अर्जित research डिग्री है, इसलिए छात्रों को original research करना चाहिए जो ज्ञान की सीमाओं को विस्तृत कर सके।

PHD full form in Hindi

दरअसल Ph.D एक अकादमिक डिग्री है जो धारक को अपने चुने हुए विषय को विश्वविद्यालय स्तर पर पढ़ाने की योग्यता प्रदान करती है।  एक Ph.D धारक doctorate उपाधि का प्रयोग करता है, यानी वह अपने नाम के आगे ‘Dr.’ लगाता है। 

Ph.D क्याहै , Ph.D का फुल फॉर्म ( Ph.D full form in Hindi ) क्या है, इसे प्राप्त करने की प्रक्रिया क्या है, Ph.D की डिग्री पाने पर आपके लिए करियर के कौन से रास्ते खुल जाते हैं – इन विषयों के बारे में जानने के लिए इस article को अंत तक पढ़ते रहिये।  

Ph.D full form: What is Ph.D? (Ph.D क्या है) | PHD ka full form

English में Ph.D का full form है: Doctor of Philosophy

Hindi में Ph.D का full form है: डॉक्टर ऑफ़ फिलॉसोफी 

Ph.D के नाम में Philosophy शब्द ज़रूर आता है पर Ph.D का विषय सिर्फ Philosophy तक ही सीमित नहीं है। एक छात्र किसी भी अकादमिक विषय में यह डिग्री हासिल कर सकता है। यहाँ Philosophy शब्द यूनानी शब्द ‘Philosophia’ से लिया गया है जिसका शाब्दिक अर्थ ‘love of wisdom ’ है।  

आशान शब्दों में कहूँ तो Ph.D विश्वविद्यालय द्वारा दी जाने वाली सबसे उच्चतम शैक्षणिक डिग्री है जिसे प्राप्त कर कोई भी क्षात्र कॉलेज प्रोफेसर या शोधकर्ता के रूप में कैरियर बना सकता है।

परन्तु जैसा की मैंने बताया यह सबसे उच्चतम डिग्री है इसलिए इसे प्राप्त करना भी काफी कठिन है यानि काफी परिश्रम की आवश्यकता होती है।

Ph.D करने के लिए क्षात्र को किसी एक चुने हुवे विषय को पढना होता है, उसमे एक्सपर्ट बनना पड़ता है या यू कहिये की उस विषय में महारत हासिल करनी होती है।

  • पढ़ें : UPSC full form in Hindi

How does one get a Ph.D in India? (भारत में कोई Ph.D कैसे प्राप्त कर सकता है?)

Ph.D की डिग्री हासिल करने के लिए सबसे पहले आपको किसी भी विषय में master’s degree लेनी होगी। MA, MCom, MSc,  MBA, MPhil, PGDM, PGPM  – चाहे कोई भी master’s degree हो, पर इसके बिना आप भारत में Ph.D के लिए apply नहीं कर पाएंगे। आप अपने विशेषज्ञता क्षेत्र (specialized field) में Ph.D  कर सकते हैं, यानी जिस क्षेत्र में आपने master’s degree की है।

इससे पहले की हम Ph.D में भर्ती होने की प्रक्रिया पर बात करें, आइए कुछ ऐसे विश्वविद्यालयों पर एक नज़र डालते हैं जो Ph.D की डिग्री प्रदान करते हैं। 

  • University of Calcutta
  • Jadavpur University, Kolkata
  • University of Delhi 
  • IGNOU Delhi
  • SRM University Chennai 
  • AIIMS Delhi 
  • Christ University, Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Management (IIM)
  • Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIIT)
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)
  • IISc Bangalore 
  • ICT Mumbai 

भारत में और भी कई कॉलेज और विश्वविद्यालय  हैं जो Ph.D प्रदान करते हैं। 

  • पढ़ें : SSC full form in Hindi

Qualifications to apply for Ph.D (Ph.D के लिए आवेदन करने की योग्यता):

  • उम्मीदवारों के लिए full time स्नातक डिग्री होना अनिवार्य है। 
  • उम्मीदवार को सरकार द्वारा मान्यता प्राप्त विश्वविद्यालय से full-time master’s degree (MA, MCom, MSc,  MBA, MPhil, PGDM, PGPM) हासिल करनी होगी। आम तौर से correspondence पर master’s degree करने वाले उम्मीदवारों को आवेदन करने की अनुमति नहीं दी जाती है। 
  • Master’s degree में कम से कम 55% अंक प्राप्त करना या समकक्ष grade points प्राप्त करना आवश्यक है। SC/ST/OBC को marks में छूट मिलती है। 
  • उम्मीदवार को SLET/NET/JRF परीक्षा उत्तीर्ण होनी चाहिए। National Testing Agency (NTA) NET/JRF परीक्षा का संचालन करती है, जो एक भारतीय विश्वविद्यालय में Ph.D कार्यक्रम में नामांकन के लिए छात्र की योग्यता निर्धारित करती है।
  • कभी-कभी उम्मीदवारों को Ph.D कार्यक्रम में प्रवेश प्राप्त करने के लिए विश्वविद्यालय / कॉलेज द्वारा अनिवार्य Ph.D entrance examination उत्तीर्ण करने की आवश्यकता होती है।
  • कुछ भारतीय विश्वविद्यालयों/कॉलेजों को प्रासंगिक कार्य अनुभव (relevant work experience) की आवश्यकता होती है।

Ph.D. admission procedure (Ph.D की प्रवेश प्रक्रिया):

  • आप ऑनलाइन या ऑफलाइन  तरीके से  आवेदन कर सकते हैं ।
  • विश्वविद्यालय/कॉलेज की वेबसाइट पर ऑनलाइन Ph.D admission form भरें। भरने से पहले, विश्वविद्यालय/कॉलेज की वेबसाइट पर जाकर eligibility criteria की अच्छे से जांच कर लें। यदि आप eligibility criteria को fulfil नहीं करते हैं तो आपका admission form reject हो जाएगा। 
  • ऑनलाइन admission form को पूरा भरने के बाद, सभी आवश्यक दस्तावेजों को भेज दें। 
  • इन सब औपचारिकताओं के बाद आपको कॉलेज/विश्वविद्यालय के entrance test में हिस्सा लेना होगा। 
  • Entrance test में पास होने पर आपको interview के लिए बुलाया जायेगा। आपका Ph.D admissionआपके entrance test और interview, दोनों के प्रदर्शन पर निर्भर करता है। 
  • सभी राउंड पास कर लेने पर आपको विश्वविद्यालय/कॉलेज में आपके चुने हुए विषय पर एक पद दिया जाएगा। 

Some of the Ph.D entrance tests in India are named below (भारत में कुछ Ph.D प्रवेश परीक्षाओं के नाम नीचे दिए गए हैं):

  • AIIMS Ph.D Entrance Exam
  • BHU Research Entrance Test
  • IISc Ph.D Entrance Exam

ऐसे अनेक प्रवेश परीक्षाएं हैं जिनके द्वारा Ph.D उम्मीदवारों की विश्वविद्यालय/कॉलेज में भर्ती की जाती है। 

Career options after earning a Ph.D. (Ph.D. अर्जित करने के बाद करियर options):

विश्वविद्यालय में पढ़ाने की योग्यता प्राप्त करने के साथ-साथ एक Ph.D. धारक medical research centers; public sector and science communication; chemical research centers and laboratories; accountancy, data science or consultancy; construction, environmental protection, mineral surveying; pharmaceuticals, genomics or clinical care; management consultancy, finance or aeronautics जैसे विभागों में नौकरी प्राप्त कर सकता है।

ये भी पढ़ें:

  • MSP full form in Hindi
  • GDP full form in Hindi

Ph.D full form ni Hindi: Conclusion

मानता हूँ की पीएचडी करने में टाइम और मेहनत दोनों लगता है पर यह एक सर्वोच्च डिग्री है इस बात को आपको भूलना नहीं चाहिए। आप अपने चुनिंदे विषय में अच्छे से जानकारी प्राप्त करके Ph.D की डिग्री ले सकते हैं। परन्तु Ph.D करने के लिए आपको इसके बारे में सारी महत्वपूर्ण जानकारी होनी ही चाहिए।

इस लेख में मैंने आपको Ph.D की सारी महत्वपूर्ण जानकारी देने की कोसिस किया है जैसे  Ph.D kya hai ,  Ph.D ka full form  ( Ph.D full form in Hindi ),  Ph.D कैसे करें, पीएचडी करने के लिए योग्यता, प्रक्रिया की जानकारी आदि।

अंत में मैं आप से यही कहना चाहूँगा की अगर आपको  Ph.D full form ,   what is Ph.D in Hindi  वाली यह लेख पसंद आया हो तो इसे सोशल मीडिया पे शेयर जरुर करें। अगर आप कुछ कहना या पूछना चाहते हैं तो निचे कमेंट कर सकते हैं।

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PhD kaise kare: जानिए स्टेप बाय स्टेप गाइड

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  • Updated on  
  • मई 17, 2023

Ph.D. रीसर्च के आधार पर की जाने वाली डिग्री है। जिसमे विद्यार्थी अपनी पसंद के मुताबिक़ विषय चुनकर उसपर विस्तार से ज्ञान हासिल कर सारी जानकारी को एक जगह एकत्रित करता है जिसे थीसिस कहा जाता है। इसका मकसद यह रहता की आगे उस विषय पर जान्ने के लिए उस थीसिस का इस्तमाल किया जा सकता है और विषय पर जानकारी ली जा सकती है। एक Ph.D. होल्डर ज़्यादातर प्रोफेसर , असिस्टेंट प्रोफेसर , लेखक आदि के रूप में अपने भविष्य को आकार देते है । लेकिन स्कोप बेहद है। PhD kaise kare इसके लिए योग्यता, आवेदन प्रक्रिया, टॉप यूनिवर्सिटीज आदि के बारे में इस ब्लॉग में विस्तार से बताया गया है।

This Blog Includes:

Phd क्या है, phd क्यों करें, प्रोफेशनल डॉक्टरेटस, उच्च डॉक्टरेटस, न्यू रूट phd, टॉप पीएचडी कोर्सेज, phd होल्डर की ज़िम्मेदारीयां, phd kaise kare स्टेप बाय स्टेप गाइड, phd के लिए दुनिया की टॉप यूनिवर्सिटीज़, टॉप भारतीय यूनिवर्सिटीज़ , पीएचडी की फीस, phd के लिए योग्यता , आवेदन प्रक्रिया, phd के लिए एंट्रेंस एग्जाम, phd के लिए छात्रवृत्तियां, phd के बाद करियर और सैलरी.

PhD की फुल फॉर्म Doctor of Philosophy है। PhD विश्वविद्यालयों द्वारा प्रदान की जाने वाली विद्या-संबंधी डिग्री में सबसे ऊंची डिग्री मानी जाती हैं । PhD साथ-साथ एक पोस्ट ग्रेजुएट कि डॉक्टरेट डिग्री हैं जिसकी पूर्ती के बाद PhD करने वाले के नाम से पहले डॉ लग जाता हैं। वो विद्यार्थी जो अपने पसंद के विषय में महारथ हासिल करना चाहतें हैं। पीएचडी को चुनते हैं जिसमें उन्हें उस विषय पर रीसर्च कर उसकी बेहतर जानकारी होना और उस पर लिखना शामिल होता हैं। एक पीएचडी होल्डर अपना करियर किसी भी तरह से शुरू कर सकता हैं। मूलतः विद्यार्थीओ का पीएचडी करने का उद्देश्य प्रोफेसर बनना या रिसर्चर बनना होता हैं। 

PhD शिक्षा प्रणाली का एक महत्पूर्व अंग हैं। PhD का मूल उद्देश्य ही नई खोज को जन्म देना और अलग अलग विषयो के बारे में गहरायी से ज्ञान अर्जित कर उसे सब तक पहुँचाना हैं। नई स्किल्स को उभारना और विकसित करना, नई चीज़ो को जान पाना और समझ पाना इसकी असल परिभाषा हैं। तो अगर आप वे व्यक्ति हैं जो किसी विषय कि गहराई में जाने में दिलचस्पी रखता हैं तो पीएचडी आपके लिए हैं।

PhD के प्रकार

एक समय था जब PhD कि महत्वता को कम बढ़ावा दिया जाता था या कह लीजिये कि PhD कम प्रचलित हुआ करती थी। लेकिन समय के साथ PhD होल्डर्स के लिए कई द्वार खुले और PhD कि महत्वता बढ़गयी। अब PhD सिर्फ ज्ञान अर्जित करने स्त्रोत नहीं हैं। कई नौकरिया और प्रोफेशंस PhD होल्डर्स को ही प्राथमिकता देते हैं जोकि PhD होल्डर्स के करियर को बेहतरी कि और ले जाता हैं और नए विकल्प प्रदान करता हैं। Ph.D. कैसे करें, के इस ब्लॉग में PhD के कुछ प्रकार विस्तार में दिए गए हैं: 

एक प्रोफेशनल डॉक्टरेट का मूल उद्देश्य वास्तविक समस्याओं पर रिसर्च कर उसे लागू करना हैं। जटिल परिस्तिथ्यो का उपाय निकालना और उसको डिज़ाइन करना ताकि प्रोफेशनल कार्यो में विपदा आने पर उसका निवारण हो सके। वो प्रोफेशन कोई भी हो सकता हैं। लेकिन किन कार्यो से उस समस्या का उपाय निकलेगा ये रिसर्च करके ही मालूम चल सकता हैं। इस प्रकार के PhD कोर्स को इंजीनियरिंग, मेडिसिन जैसे विषयों पर रिसर्च करने के लिए विद्यार्थियों द्वारा चुना जाता है। PhD के इस प्रकार को उन विद्यार्थियों द्वारा चुना जाता है, जो डिग्री पूरी करने के बाद एक विशेष प्रोफेशनल करियर विकल्प को चुनना चाहते हैं।

उच्च डॉक्टरेट एक प्रकार हैं जिसमे स्कॉलर्स को औपचारिक रूप से सार्वजनिक मान्यता दी जाती हैं। वो PhD होल्डर्स जिन्होंने अपने विषय में सामाजिक तौर पर एक अलग छाप छोड़ी हैं उन्हें ये डिग्री देकर सम्मानित किया जाता हैं। इस प्रकार की डिग्री के लिए कैंडिडेट को इंटरनल और एक्सटर्नल एग्ज़ामीनर कमिटी की सिफ़ारिश पर विशेष ग्रांट्स की आवश्यकता होती है। Ph.D. के इस प्रकार में Doctor of Divinity (DD), Doctor of Literature/ Letters (DLit/D’Litt/LitD/LittD), Doctor of Science (DS/SD/DSc/ScD), Doctor of Civil Law (DCL), Doctor of Music (DMus/MusD) और Doctor of Law (LLD) जैसे कई पुरस्कार शामिल हैं।

PhD के इस प्रकार में एडमिशन लेने के लिए विद्यार्थियों को PhD शुरू करने से एक वर्ष पहले MRes यानी एक साल रिसर्च में मास्टर डिग्री लेना अनिवार्य है। इस कोर्स में पढ़ाए गए सभी आयामों को प्रैक्टिकल अनुभव और इंडिपेंडेंट रिसर्च के साथ मिलाकर परिणाम पर आया जाता हैं।। विद्यार्थियों के पास एजुकेशन, मीडिया, एडवांस IT, भाषाओ और बिज़नेस जैसे क्षेत्र में रिसर्च करने के लिए विस्तृत तरीके और बेहतर स्किल्स कि ज़रूरत होती है।

कई बार कुछ कारण वर्श ऑफलाइन PhD करना और क्लास लेना मुमकिन नहीं हो पाता हैं। ऐसे विद्यार्थियों के लिए ऑनलाइन PhD एक अच्छा विकल्प हैं। जैसा कि आप नाम से समझ पा रहे होंगे इस कोर्स में आपको यूनिवर्सिटी जाकर अपनी डिग्री पूरी करना अनिवार्य नहीं हैं। दुनिया कि वो आबादी जो काम करती हैं और डॉक्टरेट डिग्री चाहती हैं वो इस विकल्प के माध्यम से डिग्री पा सकते हैं। नीचे कुछ PhD कोर्सेज़ की लिस्ट दी गई है:

टॉप पीएचडी कोर्सेज की लिस्ट नीचे दी गई है:

साइंस स्ट्रीम में बेस्ट पीएचडी कोर्स

  • PhD in physics
  • PhD in Chemistry
  • PhD in Mathematics
  • PhD in Bioscience
  • PhD in Clinical Research
  • PhD in Biotechnology
  • PhD in zoology
  • PhD in Bioinformatics
  • PhD in Environmental Science and Engineering

ह्यूमैनिटी में बेस्ट पीएचडी कोर्स

  • PhD Economics
  • PhD in Humanity
  • PhD in Geography
  • PhD in English
  • PhD in Psychology
  • PhD in Physiology
  • PhD in Arts
  • PhD in social work
  • PhD in Public Policy

इंजीनियरिंग में बेस्ट पीएचडी कोर्स

  • PhD in Civil Engineering
  • PhD in Engineering and Technology
  • PhD Computer Science Engineering
  • PhD in Information Technology
  • PhD in Chemical Engineering
  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering
  • PhD in Electronics and Communication Engineering

बिजनेस और मैनेजमेंट में बेस्ट पीएचडी कोर्स

  • PhD in Business Administration
  • PhD in Management
  • PhD in Commerce
  • PhD in Marketing/Brand Management
  • PhD in Accounting and Financial Management

मेडिकल में बेस्ट पीएचडी कोर्स

  • PhD in Paramedical
  • Doctorate of Medicine (Cardiology)
  • PhD in Medicine
  • PhD in Radiology
  • PhD in Medical Physics
  • PhD in Pathology
  • PhD in Neuroscience
  • Doctor of Medicine in Homeopathy

PhD होल्डर की ज़िम्मेदारीयां विस्तार से नीचे दिए टेबल में दी गयीं हैं:

PhD kaise kare के लिए step-by-step guide नीचे दिया गया है:

  • Step 1: कैंडिडेट को 12 साल की बुनियादी शिक्षा ( कक्षा 1st -12th ) पूरी होना अनिवार्य हैं।
  • Step 2: PhD करने के लिए किसी भी विषय से बैचलर डिग्री में पास होना अनिवार्य हैं।
  • Step 3: आपको कम से कम 50%-55% के साथ मास्टर डिग्री में पास होना ज़रूरी है। मास्टर डिग्री में पास होने के बाद ही आप PhD के लिए योग्य साबित होते हैं। 
  • Step 4:   मास्टर डिग्री के बाद PhD में एडमिशन लेने के लिए आपको UGC-NET, TIFR,JRF-GATE या स्टेट लेवल के एंट्रेंस एग्ज़ाम पास करने होंगे।
  • Step 4: एंट्रेंस एग्ज़ाम पास करने के बाद आप अपनी पसंद और कोर्स के अनुसार PhD के लिए अप्लाई कर सकते हैं।
  • Step 5: अधिकतर PhD कॉलेजेस में एडमिशन लेने के लिए व्यक्तिगत इंटरव्यू आयोजित किया जाता है। वह क्लियर करने के बाद ही आपको PhD में एडमिशन मिलता है।

PhD kaise kare और कहाँ से करें के लिए दुनिया की टॉप यूनिवर्सिटीज़ की लिस्ट नीचे दी गई है:

PhD kaise kare और कहाँ से करें के लिए टॉप भारतीय यूनिवर्सिटीज़ की लिस्ट नीचे दी गई है:

  • दिल्ली विश्वविद्यालय
  • JNU, दिल्ली
  • बनारस हिन्दू यूनिवर्सिटी
  • महाऋषि दयानन्द यूनिवर्सिटी
  • अन्नामलाई यूनिवर्सिटी
  • एडम्स यूनिवर्सिटी
  • अलाहबाद स्टेट यूनिवर्सिटी
  • बनस्थली विद्यापीठ
  • डॉ बी.आर.आंबेडकर यूनिवर्सिटी ऑफ़ सोशल साइंस
  • जैन यूनिवर्सिटी
  • गुरु घासीदास विश्वविद्यालय
  • अरुणाचल यूनिवर्सिटी ऑफ़ स्टडीज़

किसी भी कॉलेज में पीएचडी की फीस बहुत से फैक्टर्स पर निर्भर करती है। सरकारी कॉलेज में PhD की फीस लगभग ₹20,000 से ₹60,000 तक हो सकती है। जबकि प्राइवेट कॉलेज में ₹30,000 से ₹1,50,000 तक हो सकती है।

  • आईआईटी बॉम्बे (IIT B) – लगभग ₹60,000
  • आईआईटी दिल्ली – लगभग ₹45,000
  • आईआईटी कानपुर – लगभग ₹65,000
  • यूनिवर्सिटी ऑफ दिल्ली – लगभग ₹10,000
  • आईआईटी मद्रास – लगभग ₹20,000

योग्यताओ से अर्थ है , वो बातें जो PhD करने से पहले आपको रखनी होंगी ध्यान में। जिनकी पूर्ती ना होने पर आप PhD में एडमिशन नहीं ले पाएंगे। विश्विद्यालयों की बात करें तो सभी विश्विद्यालयों का माप दंड एक सा नहीं होता। सामान्य तौर पर हर यूनिवर्सिटी में निम्नलिखित योग्यताओ का होना आवश्यक है।

  • PhD कोर्स में अप्लाई करने के लिए विद्यार्थीयों को 10+2 में कम से कम 50% अंकों के साथ पास होना आवश्यक है।
  • PhD के लिए आपको संबंधित कोर्स में मास्टर डिग्री कम से कम 50%-55% अंकों के साथ पास करनी ज़रूरी है।
  • भारत में PhD कोर्स में एडमिशन लेने के लिए आपको UGC-NET , TIFR, JRF-GATE या स्टेट लेवल के एंट्रेंस परीक्षा पास करने होंगे।
  • विदेश में PhD करने के लिए कोई विशेष एंट्रेंस परीक्षा नहीं है, हालाँकि कुछ यूनिवर्सिटीज़ द्वारा एंट्रेंस परीक्षा संचालित करवाई भी जाती है।
  • इंटरनेशनल विद्यार्थियों को भी PhD में एडमिशन लेने के लिए एक रिसर्च प्रपोज़ल,  रिसर्च इंटरेस्ट एंड मेथोडोलॉजी की आवश्यकता होती है।  जिससे आपके रिसर्च में आपकी दिलचस्पी और कार्य की गंभीरता का माप दंड लगाया जाएगा।
  • आपकी अंग्रेजी में कुशलता को मापने के लिए एक अच्छा IELTS/ TOEFL स्कोर महत्व रखता है।
  • स्टेटमेंट ऑफ़ पर्पस यह एक लिखित स्टेटमेंट होती है जो आपके व्यक्तित्व को दर्शाती है।
  • अंग्रेजी में निबंध
  • लेटर ऑफ़ रिकमेन्डेशन या LOR s
  • अपडेटेड प्रोफेशनल रज़ूमे

किसी भी कोर्स में प्रवेश के लिए हर यूनिवर्सिटी की एक निर्धारित आवेदन प्रक्रिया होती है। सभी छात्रों का एडमिशन इसी प्रक्रिया के आधार पर होता हैं और जो इस प्रक्रिया को सफलता से पूर्ण कर लेते हैं उनका एडमिशन हो जाता हैं। भारत में आने वाली यूनिवर्सिटीज़ की आवेदन प्रक्रिया और विदेश में आने वाली यूनिवर्सिटीज़ की आवेदन प्रक्रिया में अंतर हैं। आइए इन्हे विस्तार से समझते हैं।

विदेश के विश्वविद्यालयों में प्रवेश के लिए आवेदन प्रक्रिया इस प्रकार है–

  • आपकी आवेदन प्रक्रिया का फर्स्ट स्टेप सही कोर्स चुनना है, जिसके लिए आप  AI Course Finder की सहायता लेकर अपने पसंदीदा कोर्सेज को शॉर्टलिस्ट कर सकते हैं। 
  • एक्सपर्ट्स से कॉन्टैक्ट के पश्चात वे कॉमन डैशबोर्ड प्लेटफॉर्म के माध्यम से कई विश्वविद्यालयों की आपकी आवेदन प्रक्रिया शुरू करेंगे। 
  • अगला कदम अपने सभी दस्तावेजों जैसे SOP , निबंध, सर्टिफिकेट्स और  LOR  और आवश्यक टेस्ट स्कोर जैसे IELTS ,  TOEFL ,  SAT ,  ACT  आदि को इकट्ठा करना और सुव्यवस्थित करना है। 
  • यदि आपने अभी तक अपनी  IELTS ,  TOEFL ,  PTE , आदि परीक्षा के लिए तैयारी नहीं की है, जो निश्चित रूप से विदेश में अध्ययन करने का एक महत्वपूर्ण कारक है, तो आप  Leverage Live कक्षाओं में शामिल हो सकते हैं। ये कक्षाएं आपको अपने टेस्ट में उच्च स्कोर प्राप्त करने का एक महत्त्वपूर्ण कारक साबित हो सकती हैं।
  • आपका एप्लीकेशन और सभी आवश्यक दस्तावेज जमा करने के बाद, एक्सपर्ट्स आवास,  छात्र वीजा और छात्रवृत्ति / छात्र लोन के लिए आवेदन प्रक्रिया शुरू करेंगे । 
  • अब आपके प्रस्ताव पत्र की प्रतीक्षा करने का समय है जिसमें लगभग 4-6 सप्ताह या उससे अधिक समय लग सकता है। ऑफर लेटर आने के बाद उसे स्वीकार करके आवश्यक सेमेस्टर शुल्क का भुगतान करना आपकी आवेदन प्रक्रिया का अंतिम चरण है। 

भारत के विश्वविद्यालयों में आवेदन प्रक्रिया, इस प्रकार है–

  • सबसे पहले अपनी चुनी हुई यूनिवर्सिटी की ऑफिशियल वेबसाइट में जाकर रजिस्ट्रेशन करें।
  • यूनिवर्सिटी की वेबसाइट में रजिस्ट्रेशन के बाद आपको एक यूजर नेम और पासवर्ड प्राप्त होगा।
  • फिर वेबसाइट में साइन इन के बाद अपने चुने हुए कोर्स का चयन करें जिसे आप करना चाहते हैं।
  • अब शैक्षिक योग्यता, वर्ग आदि के साथ आवेदन फॉर्म भरें।
  • इसके बाद आवेदन फॉर्म जमा करें और आवश्यक आवेदन शुल्क का भुगतान करें। 
  • यदि एडमिशन, प्रवेश परीक्षा पर आधारित है तो पहले प्रवेश परीक्षा के लिए रजिस्ट्रेशन करें और फिर रिजल्ट के बाद काउंसलिंग की प्रतीक्षा करें। प्रवेश परीक्षा के अंको के आधार पर आपका चयन किया जाएगा और लिस्ट जारी की जाएगी।

PhD के लिए आवश्यक दस्तावेज

PhD kaise kare के लिए आवश्यक दस्तावेज नीचे दिए गए हैं:

  • आपका शैक्षणिक रिकॉर्ड (12th,बैचलर डिग्री,मास्टर डिग्री)
  • अंग्रेजी में कुशलता का प्रमाण पत्र ( मुख्य रूप से IELTS/ TOEFL स्कोर )
  • लेटर ऑफ़ रिकमेन्डेशन या LOR s
  • स्टेटमेंट ऑफ़ पर्पस यह एक लिखित स्टेटमेंट होती है जो आपके व्यक्तित्व को दर्शाती है।
  • अपडेटेड प्रोफेशनल रिज्यूमे

पीएचडी के लिए एंट्रेंस एग्जाम की लिस्ट नीचे दी गई है:

  • JNU Entrance Examination
  • AIIMS PhD Entrance Exam

PhD kaise kare इसके लिए आप नीचे दी गई टॉप स्कॉलरशिप के लिए अप्लाई कर सकते हैं :

PhD के बाद आप प्रोफेस्सर के अलावा राइटर, रिसर्चर, बैंक इन्वेस्टर आदि क्षेत्रों में भी अपना करियर बना सकते हैं। आपकी सैलरी में आपके स्किल्स और एक्सपीरियंस के अनुसार उतार-चढ़ाव आते हैं। PhD के बाद कुछ प्रसिद्ध जॉब प्रोफाइल और उनकी सैलरी glassdoor.co.in के अनुसार नीचे दी गई है:

जी नहीं, PhD करने के लिए कोई age limit नहीं होती।

-आपका शैक्षणिक रिकॉर्ड (12th,बैचलर डिग्री,मास्टर डिग्री) -अंग्रेजी में कुशलता का प्रमाण पत्र ( मुख्य रूप से IELTS/ TOEFL स्कोर ) -लेटर ऑफ़ रिकमेन्डेशन या LOR s – स्टेटमेंट ऑफ़ पर्पस यह एक लिखित स्टेटमेंट होती है जो आपके व्यक्तित्व को दर्शाती है। -अंग्रेजी में निबंध -अपडेटेड प्रोफेशनल रज़ूमे

जी, हाँ भारत में PhD के लिए UGC-NET, स्टेट लेवल या यूनिवर्सिटी लेवल के एंट्रेंस एग्ज़ाम पास करना आवश्यक है। 

PhD  Admission 2021: नई शिक्षा नीति के तहत फैसला किया गया है कि  PhD  कोर्स में एडमिशन के लिए अभ्यर्थियों का  NET  क्वालीफाई करना जरूरी है.

-केमिस्ट्री में  P hD- केमिकल रिसर्च सेंटर्स एंड लेबोरेटरीज में एनालिस्ट -जियोलॉजी में  p hd- जियोलॉजिकल सेंटर्स में हेड ऑफ़ सर्विस -न्यूट्रीशन में phd- साइंटिफिक एडवाइजर -बायोकेमिस्ट्री में  p hd- पेटेंट लॉयर -लॉ में  p hd- गवर्नमेंट सेक्टर्स में एडवाइजरी पोजीशन्स -इंग्लिश लिटरेचर में  p hd- कॉलेज प्रोफेसर आदि।

Phd में आप अपनी मर्ज़ी से विषय का चुनाव कर सकते है। यह आप पर निर्भर करता है। कुछ प्रमुख phd के विषय निम्नलिखित हैं। हिंदी , अंग्रेजी , होम साइंस , एग्रीकल्चर , इतिहास , फाइन आर्ट्स , सर्जरी , जियोलॉजी , जियोग्राफी , अकॉउंटिंग , बायोमिस्ट्री , फार्मेसी आदि।

हमें उम्मीद है कि इस ब्लॉग में आपको PhD kaise kare के बारे में सभी जानकारी मिल गई होगी। यदि आप भी विदेश में पढ़ना चाहते है तो हमारे Leverage Edu के एक्सपर्ट्स से 1800572000 पर कांटेक्ट कर आज ही 30 मिनट्स का फ्री सेशन बुक कीजिय।

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हिमानी महर्षि

A writer with more than 3 years of experience in various fields of communication, I takes great pleasure in helping students and their parents by addressing their queries regarding their journey to study abroad via blogs, News and Quora.

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Academia Insider

How to use the PhD title and all the little doctorate “rules”

There are many conventions in the academic world that can make it difficult to navigate the PhD title. The PhD title is awarded to those who have completed a doctoral degree but, not many people know how to use it once they have it.

This article will go through everything you need to know about using the PhD title and when you can start using it.

The “rules” are relatively simple and can be broken as they are not officially set in stone – other than when you can officially call yourself a doctor.

There is no one correct answer but it may be misleading if you use the PhD title incorrectly. Here are the recommendations for effective communication.

It very much depends on the setting. Here are some examples of how I would use my PhD titles awarded to me after my PhD degree.

How do you Write PhD correctly after a name? Is it ph d or phd?

It can be confusing to know exactly how to write PhD after your name. Which bits are capitalised? Is there a ‘.’ In the middle?

When writing a name with a PhD after it, the correct way to do so is to use “PhD” or “Ph.D. or Ph.D”

Depending on the preference of the individual, either form can be used.

However, if the individual has a business card that states their degree in full, then the more formal “Doctor of Philosophy” should be used.

It is important to note that using “PhD” without any periods is incorrect; this abbreviation should only be used in informal contexts such as emails or text messages. I tend to use PhD in my YouTube videos and some people have pointed out that this is incorrect…

Following the individual’s preferred format will ensure that their name and credentials are properly represented.

Should you use Dr as well as PhD?

Some people like to use Dr and PhD in their official titles. There are a couple of important points that you need to know about markers and academic titles.

  • A person can have more than one marker in their name. For example my full title is Dr Andrew Stapleton, PhD, MChem.
  • The doctor title at the front can be used as a variant to the PhD at the end.

It can be a little bit ambiguous if I was to use Dr Andrew Stapleton, PhD as there are two markers. This could mean that I have two PhD’s, it could mean that I have a PhD and a medical doctorate, or it could just be that I want to use both the doctor and the PhD tags for the one degree.

However, in my experience, I still like to use the doctor title at the front and the PhD tag at the end of my name for official purposes.

Academics would rarely use the PhD suffix in everyday communication. They would much rather just use the doctor title.

What is the proper title for a PhD?

The proper title for a PhD is Doctor of Philosophy. However, some teachers and professors like to be referred to without their official title.

If you are not sure about how your professor, lecturer, or friend with a PhD wishes to be officially addressed you can ask them.

Most of the time, I like to refer to my colleagues with their doctor title for official purposes, but I do not include the PhD at the end of their name. That is much better suited to a business card.

Your lecture may wish to be referred to as:

  • Dr [last name]
  • Dr [first name]

Asking them in the early stages of your relationship is the best way to work out which one they prefer.

If in doubt, always go for the more formal name and nomenclature.

When can you start to use your PhD title after your doctorate?

When you have earned your PhD, you can start using your title immediately. Although, it can be a little bit confusing as to when you have actually passed your PhD. Is it when you have submitted your dissertation? Is it when you have received the comments back?

The University of Adelaide says that you can use it from your conferral date:

Students can be conferred on one of five dates during the year and for PhD students the conferral date will be the first available following the completion of all the academic requirements of your degree, including final thesis lodgement and the disbursement of any outstanding financial obligations to the University.

I started using my PhD title as soon as my confirmation letter arrived at my house. It was the first letter from the University that referred to me as Dr Stapleton. It was incredibly excited.

Generally, it is acceptable to use the title “Dr.” both professionally and socially but socially, people very rarely use it – at least in Australia. But you should never use it if you are a PhD student, PhD candidate or enrolled in a PhD program without a previous PhD qualification. 

I do use it in professional settings but it always makes me feel a little bit awkward.

However, there may be some restrictions for certain settings. For example, if have a research degree resulting in a doctor title and you are working in a medical setting – some institutions do not like you to use Dr as it can confuse patients into thinking that you have a medical degree. 

Instead, they ask that you use the PhD tag at the end of your name rather than the doctoral title for official and professional communications.

What is the correct way to write PhD?

When writing about someone’s PhD, the correct way is to write the term in full and capitalize each letter.

This should be done for all academic degrees, not just PhDs.

For example, it would be “Doctor of Philosophy” or “PhD” instead of “Ph.D.”, “Dr.”, or “DPhil”.

Additionally, it is common to mention the field of study in which the degree was earned if known, such as “Doctor of Philosophy in Mathematics”. It is also good practice to include the institution that granted the degree if it is a recognized one.

When writing about someone’s PhD, use proper capitalization and include relevant information like field of study and institution if known to ensure accuracy.

How do you put a PhD in a title?

Putting a PhD in a title is not as complicated as it may sound.

Generally speaking, the proper way to list a PhD in an academic or professional setting is by writing “Dr.” before the name, followed by the person’s full name and the appropriate abbreviations for their degree.

For example, if John Smith has earned a doctorate in psychology, his credentials would be listed as “Dr. John Smith, Ph.D.”

In some cases, such as when addressing someone formally in speech or on a business card, it may also be acceptable to list their credentials as “John Smith, Ph.D.”

Depending on context and personal preference, some people may also choose to list their higher degrees after their names by writing out the entire degree instead of just its abbreviation.

For example, John Smith could choose to write his full title as “John Smith, Doctor of Psychology”

However, I have not seen this in real academic life.

Should the font size of Ph.D. be the same as someone’s name?

The question of whether the font size of a Ph.D. should be the same as someone’s name is an interesting one.

On one hand, it could be argued that the Ph.D. deserves to be highlighted and therefore should be given a larger font size than someone’s name to denote its importance.

On the other, it could be argued that this would not be necessary or appropriate, and that treating everyone equally regardless of their title or degree is more important.

It depends on context and usage – if both names appear in the same document then they should likely have the same font size; however, if one appears in a formal setting such as a diploma or certificate, then it may make sense to give it a larger font size than someone’s name to emphasize its importance and significance.

Ph.Ds (or PhDs) are an important academic achievement and should be respected accordingly but without going overboard by giving them overly large fonts sizes which can take away from rather than add to their importance.

Wrapping up – doctoral title rules

this article has been over everything you need to know that using the PhD title properly and effectively.

The doctor title can be used in place of the PhD and for incredibly formal communications, such as a business email or card, you can use both.

However, sometimes using both can cause confusion as to whether or not there is a reason first using both the doctor and PhD tags. Nonetheless, many people still use both.

phd ka full name

Dr Andrew Stapleton has a Masters and PhD in Chemistry from the UK and Australia. He has many years of research experience and has worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow and Associate at a number of Universities. Although having secured funding for his own research, he left academia to help others with his YouTube channel all about the inner workings of academia and how to make it work for you.

Thank you for visiting Academia Insider.

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phd ka full name

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PhD Full Form – What is a PhD?

The full form of Ph.D is Doctor of Philosophy and is an advanced degree that is awarded to individuals who have demonstrated a high level of expertise in a specific field of study. The full form of PhD is “Doctor of Philosophy,” which refers to the origins of the degree as a program of study in philosophy. However, today, PhD programs are offered in a wide range of fields, including sciences, humanities, social sciences, and professional disciplines such as business and law.

To obtain a PhD, individuals must complete a significant amount of coursework, pass comprehensive exams, and complete original research in the form of a dissertation or thesis. This research is typically conducted under the supervision of a faculty member and must make a substantial and original contribution to the field of study.

The meaning of the degree is that the individual is expected to have a thorough understanding of their field of study and to be able to conduct independent research. Individuals who hold a PhD degree are considered experts in their field and are able to contribute to the advancement of knowledge through research and teaching.

History of the PhD Degree

  • The origins of the PhD degree can be traced back to the medieval universities of Europe, where the Doctor of Philosophy (Philosophiae Doctor, or PhD) was established as a higher degree in the field of philosophy.
  • The first PhDs were awarded in the early 19th century in Germany, and the degree quickly spread to other European countries and the United States.
  • Initially, the PhD was primarily awarded in the field of philosophy, but over time it expanded to include other disciplines, such as the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities.
  • The development of research-based PhD programs in the 20th century established the degree as a requirement for a career in academia and research.
  • The growth of PhD programs in the second half of the 20th century led to an increase in the number of PhD graduates and a diversification of career opportunities for PhD holders.
  • Today, PhD programs are offered in a wide range of fields, and the degree is considered a terminal degree in many academic and professional disciplines.

Requirements for a Ph.D in India

  • Hold a Master’s degree or equivalent in a related field from a recognized university.
  • Clear a national-level entrance test such as UGC-NET or CSIR-NET or a university-level entrance test.
  • Complete coursework, which typically includes core courses, electives, and seminars.
  • Pass comprehensive exams, which test the candidate’s knowledge in the subject area and readiness for independent research.
  • Conduct original research, typically under the supervision of a faculty member, which results in a dissertation or thesis.
  • Defend the dissertation or thesis in front of a committee of faculty members.
  • Meet any other program-specific requirements as set by the university or academic institution.

Different Fields and Types of PhD

Phds are offered in a wide range of fields, including:.

  • Sciences such as biology, physics, chemistry, and computer science
  • Humanities such as history, literature, and philosophy
  • Social Sciences such as economics, sociology, psychology, and political science
  • Professional fields such as business, law, education, and engineering 

Additionally, there are different types of Ph.D. programs, including:

  • Traditional Ph.D.: This is the most common type of Ph.D. program. It typically involves completing coursework, passing comprehensive exams, and conducting original research that results in a dissertation or thesis.
  • Professional Doctorate: This type of Ph.D. is more applied in nature and is often offered in professional fields such as business, law, and education. It typically involves coursework, a professional project, and a dissertation.
  • Online Ph.D.: This type of Ph.D. is conducted entirely online and is becoming increasingly popular. It typically involves coursework, a dissertation, or a thesis and may involve some on-campus visits. 
  • Interdisciplinary Ph.D.: This type of Ph.D. allows students to study across multiple disciplines and provides a broader perspective on a specific research area.

The Process of Earning a PhD

The process of earning a PhD can vary depending on the field and program, but generally, it involves the following steps:

  • Application and Admissions: Applying to a PhD program typically involves submitting transcripts, letters of recommendation, a statement of purpose, and test scores such as GRE or TOEFL. After the application is reviewed, the applicant may be invited for an interview before being accepted into the program.
  • Coursework: After being accepted into a program, students typically begin by completing coursework, which typically includes core courses, electives, and seminars. The coursework is designed to provide students with a comprehensive understanding of the field and to prepare them for independent research.
  • Comprehensive Exams: After completing coursework, students typically take comprehensive exams, which test their knowledge in the subject area and readiness for independent research.
  • Research Proposal: After passing comprehensive exams, students typically develop and present a research proposal, which outlines the topic, research questions, and methods for their dissertation or thesis.
  • Research and Data Collection: After the proposal is approved, students begin conducting original research, typically under the supervision of a faculty member. This may involve collecting data, analyzing data, and writing up results.
  • Writing and Defending the Dissertation/Thesis: After completing research, students write and defend their dissertation or thesis in front of a committee of faculty members. The dissertation or thesis is a detailed document that presents the research findings and conclusions.
  • Graduation: After successfully defending the dissertation or thesis, students graduate with a PhD degree.

Career Opportunities with a PhD

  • Academia: Many PhD graduates choose to pursue a career in academia, either as a professor at a college or university or as a researcher at a research institution. These positions typically involve teaching, conducting research, and publishing scholarly work.
  • Research: PhD graduates can also find employment as researchers in government, private industry, or non-profit organizations. These positions may involve conducting basic or applied research in a specific field and may include laboratory work, data analysis, and report writing.
  • Industry: Some PhD graduates choose to work in industry, typically in roles such as research and development, consulting, or management. These positions may involve applying research findings to solve real-world problems or working on product development.
  • Entrepreneurship: A PhD degree can also open opportunities to start your own business or venture.
  • Public service: PhD graduates can also pursue careers in public services, such as working in government agencies, non-profit organizations, or international organizations. These positions may involve policy analysis, program evaluation, or research.
  • Science Communication: Many PhD graduates are also interested in science communication and may work in journalism, science policy, science education, or science outreach.

It’s important to note that the above career opportunities are general and may vary depending on the field and program. Additionally, some PhD graduates may choose to pursue multiple career paths over the course of their professional lives.

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How to Correctly Use the Titles Dr. & PhD With a Name

How to Reference a Person With a PhD

How to Reference a Person With a PhD

When someone has earned a Doctor of Philosophy, or Ph.D., degree, that person is subsequently referred to as “doctor” in formal speech. The same is true of a person who is a medical doctor, psychologist, dentist or veterinarian. In formal speech, that person should be referred to as “doctor.” However, the rules are different in written form when addressing someone who is called “doctor” in formal speech. In written form, the titles “Dr.” and “Ph.D.” are not interchangeable.

Determine the Type of Doctor

First, you should identify what type of doctor you are addressing. Doctors of medicine and psychology, doctors of dentistry and doctors of veterinary medicine must be addressed differently in comparison to academic doctors who have earned a Doctor of Philosophy doctoral degree. Be advised that there are different types of doctoral degrees. A Doctor of Philosophy degree is just one kind of doctoral degree. There’s also, for example, a Doctor of Education doctoral degree and a Doctor of Psychology doctoral degree. The titles associated with the various doctoral degrees are not interchangeable. Only a person who has earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree should be addressed as Ph.D.

Addressing a Doctor in Writing

Place the title of “Dr.” before the name of a person who is a doctor of medicine or psychology, doctor of dentistry, or doctor of veterinary medicine. For example Dr. George Ross. Always write the word “doctor” in its abbreviated form when it goes before the person’s name. Never write, for example, Doctor George Ross. Do not combine the title of “Dr.” with any other title even if the person could appropriately be addressed by a different title. Never write, for example, “Dr. George Ross, Ph.D.,” even if the person is a medical doctor who has also earned a Doctor of Philosophy degree. Pick one title. Do not use the “Dr.” title when referring to someone who is solely an academic doctor.

Put a comma followed by the title “Ph.D.” after the name of a person who has earned a Doctor of Philosophy doctoral degree. For example Stacey Childs, Ph.D. Do not combine the title of “Ph.D.” with any other title even if the person could appropriately be addressed by a different title. For instance, even if the person being addressed is a doctor of medicine who has also earned a Ph.D., never write, for example, Dr. Stacey Childs, Ph.D. Pick one title. Do not use the “Ph.D.” title when referring to someone who not earned a Doctor of Philosophy doctoral degree.

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Maya Austen began freelance writing in 2009. She has written for many online publications on a wide variety of topics ranging from physical fitness to amateur astronomy. She's also an author and e-book publisher. Austen has a Bachelor of Arts in communications from the New England Institute of Art and currently lives in Boston, Mass.


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