152 Brilliant Divorce Essay Topics & Examples

For those who are studying law or social sciences, writing about divorce is a common task. Separation is a complicated issue that can arise from many different situations and lead to adverse outcomes. In this article we gathered an ultimate list of topics about divorce and gathered some tips to when working on the paper.

141 Divorce Essay Topics

Divorce is a sensitive topic, comprising many sociological, psychological, legal, and other nuances worth exploring. On this page, you’ll find thought-provoking divorce topics on various aspects of this problem, such as its impact on children or its legal and cultural perspectives. Read our divorce essay topics and research questions to understand this issue better.

💔 TOP 7 Divorce Topics

🏆 best divorce essay topics, 🤔 the causes of divorce essay topics, 👍 thought-provoking divorce topics to discuss, 🎓 interesting divorce research topics, ❓ research questions about divorce.

  • Divorce and Single-Parent Families
  • Causes and Effects of Divorce
  • Juvenile Delinquents and Parental Divorce: What Is the Connection?
  • Personal Essay on Sociological Imagination, Divorce, & Marriage
  • The Impact of Divorce on Children’s Psychological Wellbeing
  • Reasons for High Divorce Rates
  • Negative Effects of Divorce on Children
  • Divorce as a Controversial Topic Divorce is one of the most disputed questions related to family life, along with abortions, same-sex couples’ marriage, and adoption.
  • Divorce and Its Impact on Children’s Wellbeing Marriage and divorce are distinct events that affect the daily lives of children. This essay aims to review literature sources that discuss the impact of divorce on children.
  • Divorce Among Challenges Facing Families Today This essay shows that divorce has detrimental effects on families and explains the challenges and their potential effect on family members during and after the divorce.
  • Positive and Negative Effects of Divorce After a divorce, couples, and children endure numerous psychological, behavioral, and academic effects that analyses in the article.
  • Cheating as the Cause of Divorce Family life is associated with a variety of unique difficulties that can arise throughout the partnership. There are periods in the family called crisis periods.
  • The Impacts of Divorce on Family Relationships The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of divorce and separation on family relationships. The researcher will apply qualitative research approach to analyze data.
  • Marriage and Divorce Rates Decline in Qatar This paper discusses the decline in the rate of marriages and divorces in Qatar in recent years, analyzes the reasons, explores the cultural and traditional attitudes.
  • Effects of Divorce on Children This paper investigates the causes of divorce and also looks into the adverse effects that a divorce has on children, especially, teenagers.
  • How Divorce Affects Children Divorce and the years of distress that follow could potentially cause psychological trauma for children that affects their lives for many years to come.
  • Parental Divorce and Consequences for Children Divorces are a common occurrence in the modern world, and most people are accustomed to the idea of a separated family.
  • Effects of Divorce and Poverty in Families In the event of a divorce children are tremendously affected and in most cases attention is not given to them the way it should.
  • Consequences of Divorce of Parents for Children Divorces represent a sensitive topic in the US, and it is scientifically interesting to research how these events affect children.
  • Reasons and Implications of Divorce The institution of marriage is unique to human society, with every race and culture having its unique customs and practices.
  • Factors Promoting Higher Divorce Rates The paper analyzes reasons that would make couples consider divorce as the only solution whenever the marriage is riddled with challenges.
  • The Impact of Divorce and Separation on Family Relationships Divorce and separation has become a tradition in the contemporary world. Spouses barely finish 10 years in marriage before they start having misunderstandings.
  • Family Issue: Impact of the Divorce on the Children The purpose of this paper is to provide a summary of a research article about the topic of divorce and its impact on children.
  • Effects of Divorce on Adolescents The reality of divorce leaves the adolescents in an awkward position that negatively affects their development. The following paper explores the impacts of divorce on teenagers.
  • Discussion of Marriage and Divorce Impact Marriage can provide evidence economic benefits to both parties; divorce, on the other hand, can be costly, that’s why the paper examines the economics of marriage and divorce.
  • Divorce Law in the United Kingdom There exists dissimilarity between valid, voidable and void marriages under English Act. A valid marriage would be terminated legally.
  • Reasons of Divorce Analysis The reasons of divorce may be various. Some of them are rather banal, like material troubles or pestering. The others may be shocking and depend only on the fantasy of the spouses.
  • Sociological Effects of Divorce on Children Children significantly suffer from the divorce of their parents, and the effects include depression, the feeling of worry, criminal behavior, social isolation, and others.
  • Parental Divorce: Influence on Children Divorce may affect a child’s development by making them engage in risk-taking behaviors, experience divorce-related stress, and significantly lower their self-esteem.
  • Divorce Influence on Children’s Social Development Children with divorced parents perform worse academically than children with married parents. However, not every child reacts the same way to their parents getting divorced.
  • Is Infidelity a Leading Cause of Divorce According to Statistics?
  • How Does Poor Communication Contribute to Marital Dissolution?
  • The Role of Financial Strain in Divorce.
  • Cultural and Religious Differences: The Influence of Divergent Values on Marital Harmony.
  • The Consequences of Unrealistic Expectations in Marriage.
  • The Link between the Lack of Intimacy and Marital Dissatisfaction.
  • Substance Abuse and Addiction: Examining Substance-Related Causes of Divorce.
  • The Role of Incompatibility and Personality Clashes in Marriages.
  • Work-Life Imbalance: The Impact of Demanding Careers on Marital Stability.
  • What Are the Effects of Parenting Styles Clash on Marital Harmony?
  • The Challenges and Effects of Long-Distance Relationships on Divorce Rates.
  • Cultural Pressure and Arranged Marriages: How Societal Expectations Affect Marital Outcomes.
  • The Impact of Psychological Conditions on Marital Dissolution.
  • The Shifts in Life Goals and Their Influence on Marriage.
  • Social Media and Technology: Investigating the Role of Digital Interactions in Divorce.
  • How Does the Absence of Empathy Contribute to Marital Breakdown?
  • Early Marriages and Divorce: The Relationship Between Age and Marital Stability.
  • The Emotional Strain of Fertility Challenges and Divorce Rates.
  • The Influence of Traditional Expectations on Marital Satisfaction.
  • Jealousy and Insecurity: The Impact of Trust Issues on Marriage.
  • Unrealistic Media Portrayals of Love: How Media Shapes Relationship Expectations.
  • The Influence of In-Laws on Marital Harmony.
  • The Impact of Different Child-Rearing Beliefs on Children.
  • Lack of Conflict Resolution Skills: The Importance of Effective Problem Solving.
  • The Consequences of Emotional Disconnection and Neglect.
  • The Intersection of Abuse and Marital Dissolution.
  • Political and Social Beliefs: How Do Political Differences Affect Marital Relationships.
  • External Stressors: The Impact of Work, Health, and Life Events on Marriage.
  • How Do Busy Lifestyles od Spouses Contribute to Relationship Strain?
  • Educational Disparities: Exploring the Link Between Education Levels and Divorce.
  • Divorce in Islam in Contrast with Christianity In contrast with Christianity, Islam permits divorce, as marriage is not considered sacral but rather an earthbound contract between two individuals that can be canceled.
  • Gender Stratification and Divorce Trends Gender stratification can be examined through numerous sociological theories, which explain changes in divorce trends.
  • Divorce and Child’s Mental Health in the UK The given project is devoted to the investigation of children’s mental health and factors that might impact it, specifically, parents’ divorce.
  • Divorce Activities and Family Psychology After reviewing the results of the study, the researcher came up with several recommendations regarding before- and post-divorce activities.
  • Divorce Issues: Causes and Effects on Children Simply put, a divorce is the lawful dissolving of a matrimonial relationship, comprising of any ceremonial breakup between a husband and his wife based on constituted customs.
  • Perfect Family Myths on Divorce and Parenting This paper discussed four myths about family. These myths target the issue of divorce, family structure, and the responsibilities of parents.
  • Divorce: Rates and Effects on Teenagers This paper aims at investigating the cause of divorce, examining the effects of divorce on teenagers as well as giving recommendations for the action.
  • Divorce Law History in the USA Many aspects stand for grounds for divorces, but once they emerge, specific laws and regulations should be implemented to help people dissolve their marriages.
  • Divorce Effects on Children’s Behavior Adults need to study and understand the impact of divorce to help children cope with stress, regulate their behavior, and avoid potential negative consequences.
  • Expansion of Medicaid and Minimum Wage Increment to Alleviate Divorce A breakdown of how two public policies, namely, Medicaid expansion and minimum wage increment, can be used to alleviate divorce forms the basis of the paper.
  • Marriage and Divorce in the Modern World Marriage is a social institution and it defines parenthood. Families are often affected by divorce both ideologically and financially.
  • The Problem of Divorce Divorce is a reality that affects millions of individuals and families worldwide. In certain situations, it can be a necessary step to escape from an unhealthy or abusive relationship, but some believe that divorce is too easy to obtain and contributes to the breakdown of traditional family structures. This paper…
  • Parental Divorce’s Negative Impact on Children Children from divorced families have more behavioral problems, and marital upheavals leading up to parental divorce threaten future learning ability.
  • Marriage Issues and Divorce Rates in America One needs to look at the modern institution of marriage in America in order to explain the problem of divorce in the current social situation.
  • Divorce and Female Vulnerability in American Society One of the issues to be addressed related to marriage and divorce is enhancing gender equality in marriage exit through introducing new policies.
  • Divorce Rates and Causes of Their Rising The purpose of this research was to identify and present the main causes of the increase in divorce rates that have been observed across the US in recent decades.
  • Legal Process of Divorce as an Elaborate Legal Process Childless short-term marriages result in a less complex time-consuming divorce than long-term marriages with weighty property entanglements.
  • Mediation and Its Role in the Divorce Process As one of the methods of ADL (alternative dispute resolution), mediation allows people to resolve the issue without litigation, so they have more power over the process.
  • Divorce from the Biblical Laws’ Point of View The Bible consistently asserts that marriage is an enduring responsibility, however, some of its passages rescue a couple from the lifetime covenant of marriage.
  • Adolescent Adjustment to Parental Divorce The primary research question is what factors determine adolescents’ adjustment after they experience divorce and how it affects their socio-emotional skills.
  • Marital Success Factors vs. Gottman’s Predictors of Divorce People who are starting a family strive to satisfy a complex of needs—for love, children, experiencing common joys, understanding, and communication.
  • Child Custody Evaluations in Divorce Proceedings The guidelines to be considered are those of visitation and relocation, the children competency to state and choose their preferred parent to stay with upon the divorce procedure.
  • Marriage and Divorce: Poverty Among Divorced Women This paper aims at looking into the possible connection between divorce and poverty among women given that many women are employed and are financially independent.
  • Divorce and Family Disorganization in the UAE To understand the problems of UAE families well, we need to look at how modernity affects families in these places.
  • Six-Year Follow-up of Preventive Interventions for Children of Divorce The article written by a number of researchers deals with the behavior of adolescents whose parents have been divorced.
  • Increase of Divorce Rates in America In every developed country, the rate at which couples divorce has climbed, although not necessarily steadily, from whatever point in modern history one may choose.
  • Outcomes of Divorce on Children: Infants to Adults Divorce is no doubt a horrifying tragedy for children of whichever age to face. Regardless of the cause for the divorce, may it be an abusive situation, children suffers greatly.
  • Family Relationships and Divorce Psychology The paper dwells on the problems that may arise throughout the divorce process. The researcher discusses the consequences of divorce and compares the outcomes for boys and girls.
  • Divorce as a Family Affair and Its Consequences Divorce is not necessarily the best option to solve problems within a family, but if it is inevitable, one should be ready for it, both mentally and physically.
  • Divorce Impact on Child-Rearing Styles The impact of divorce or separation on child-rearing styles can be different, depending on sex, age, education level, relationships with the child, and social background.
  • Cohabitation and Divorce Across Nations and Generations
  • Divorce Laws and Divorce Rate in the U.S.
  • The Relation Between Premarital Cohabitation and Divorce
  • Relationships With Parents and Effects of Divorce
  • Does Divorce Cause Low Self-Esteem in Children
  • Death and Divorce: The Long-Term Consequences of Parental Loss on Adolescents
  • Marriage, Divorce, and Interstate Risk Sharing
  • The Divorce and Its Effects on the Family and Women‘s Rights
  • Social Psychological Risk Factor for Divorce Is Communication
  • Psychological and Emotional Aspects of Divorce
  • Divorce Laws and the Structure of the American Family
  • Exploring How Parental Divorce Before the Age of Six
  • Culture, Ethics, and the Issues of Divorce and Adultery
  • Factors Responsible for the Probability of Divorce
  • The Divorce Rate Within the Christian Community
  • Reasons Behind the High Divorce Rate for African American Women
  • Epistemological and Psychological Views of Divorce
  • Short and Long-Term Effects of Divorce on Children
  • Children, Adolescents, and Divorce Effects
  • The Physical and Social Costs of Divorce on a Mother
  • Divorce Has Major and Long-Lasting Effects on Children
  • Does Divorce Affect Children Negatively?
  • Does Divorce Cause Low Self-Esteem in Children?
  • Does Divorce Create Long-Term Negative Effects for Children?
  • How Does Divorce Affect a Child’s Behaviour?
  • Should Reform in Law Make It Harder for a Divorce?
  • What Is the True Meaning of Divorce?
  • What Are the Causes for Rising Cases of Divorce?
  • What Is the Reason for Divorce?
  • What Are the Types of Divorce?
  • What Are the Five Stages of Divorce?
  • Is Divorce an Option in Marriage?
  • Who Suffers the Most in a Divorce?
  • How Long Does a Divorce Take?
  • Is It Okay to Marry a Divorced Man?
  • Should Divorce Be Easier or Harder?
  • What Can People Do Instead of Divorce?
  • Who Decides What You Get in a Divorce?
  • What Is the Most Important Stage of Divorce?
  • How Do You Tell Your Husband You Want a Divorce?
  • How Long Does It Take To Recover From Divorce?
  • What Is the Average Length of Marriage Before the Divorce?
  • What Are the Disadvantages of Divorce?
  • What Are the Positive Effects of Divorce?
  • Is It Better to Divorce or Separate?
  • Why Does the Wife Get Half in a Divorce?
  • What Are Some Common Feelings Experienced by Adults After a Divorce?
  • How Should a Woman Prepare for Divorce?
  • Why Should People Avoid Divorce?
  • Can Divorce Be Positive for Kids?
  • How Do You Know if It’s Time for a Divorce?

Cite this post

  • Chicago (N-B)
  • Chicago (A-D)

StudyCorgi. (2022, January 16). 141 Divorce Essay Topics. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/divorce-essay-topics/

"141 Divorce Essay Topics." StudyCorgi , 16 Jan. 2022, studycorgi.com/ideas/divorce-essay-topics/.

StudyCorgi . (2022) '141 Divorce Essay Topics'. 16 January.

1. StudyCorgi . "141 Divorce Essay Topics." January 16, 2022. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/divorce-essay-topics/.


StudyCorgi . "141 Divorce Essay Topics." January 16, 2022. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/divorce-essay-topics/.

StudyCorgi . 2022. "141 Divorce Essay Topics." January 16, 2022. https://studycorgi.com/ideas/divorce-essay-topics/.

These essay examples and topics on Divorce were carefully selected by the StudyCorgi editorial team. They meet our highest standards in terms of grammar, punctuation, style, and fact accuracy. Please ensure you properly reference the materials if you’re using them to write your assignment.

This essay topic collection was updated on January 22, 2024 .

My Paper Done

  • Services Paper editing services Paper proofreading Business papers Philosophy papers Write my paper Term papers for sale Term paper help Academic term papers Buy research papers College writing services Paper writing help Student papers Original term papers Research paper help Nursing papers for sale Psychology papers Economics papers Medical papers Blog

research topics on marriage and divorce

250 Outstanding Marriage and Family Research Topics

Marriage and Family Research Topics

Looking for the best marriage and family research topics for your sociology paper? With the changing dynamics of family and marriage, there is always scope for more research. This leaves you with endless options for a suitable title for your paper. To make the process simpler, here is a list of the best topics on marriage and family to help you narrow down the choices. It is good to remember that some of these topics may evoke conflicting emotions and opinions. therefore, they are best handled with sensitivity and objectivity. They present ample scope for classroom discussion and debates. However, pick a topic that also presents sufficient scope for research to showcase your understanding of the subject and writing skills as well. 

Trending Marriage and Family Research Topics

Here is a list of some of the most commonly used topics on marriage and family that will help you get ample supporting data and content.

  • The evolution of the concept of marriage
  • The changing role of spouses in a modern marriage
  • Changes in the values around marriage and family over the last decade.
  • The effect of social media on marriages
  • Types of marriages in Nigeria
  • Cultural differences and its effect on the sociology of marriages
  • The influence of media on marriage and family
  • Change in marriages in your country
  • Does gen X think that marriage is an outdated concept
  • The sociology of inter-racial marriages
  • A traditional role that men could perform better than women and vice versa.
  • The social benefits of a marriage
  • The financial benefits of a marriage
  • How does mental health affect marriages?
  • The important role of stress in modern marriages.
  • Getting married but not choosing to have children. The benefits and risks.
  • How long should a couple know each other before getting married?
  • Should gender roles within a marriage be maintained strictly? What are the benefits and risks?
  • Does society benefit from prioritizing marriage
  • Living with an unmarried partner or marriage. Which has a higher level of relationship satisfaction?
  • Your thoughts on an egalitarian marriage
  • Marriage is a public performance in the age of social media. Your understanding of this statement.
  • Is financial instability one of the most common reasons for not getting married.
  • The steady decline in marriage among individuals without a college degree.
  • Marriage rate for women with good education is higher.
  • People who want children should get married. Your thoughts on this.
  • The common causes for decline in marriage rate in modern society
  • The concept of arranged marriages across the world.
  • The role of matrimonial sites in modern marriages.
  • Are dating apps a reliable option to meet a suitable partner for marriage?
  • Is marriage rate affected by ethnicity?
  • The effect of substance abuse on a marriage
  • Physical acts of aggression in a marriage. When does one go too far?
  • Financial independence of women and its effects on marriage.
  • Increasing rate of infidelity in marriages. What are the common causes?

Best Research Topics on Family

Here is a list of some of the best family research topics that explore the changing dynamics on family structures in the recent times.

  • How can you define the term ‘family’?
  • Family background determines your rate of success in career and life. Comment.
  • What are the consequences of divorce on children?
  • Overcoming trauma of a dysfunctional family
  • Is it possible to always live up to family expectations?
  • The effects of parental neglect on children.
  • How to minimize negative effect of divorce on a family
  • War veterans and their families. Do they really need help?
  • Family and its impact on teenage delinquency
  • Stages of grief in children after the loss of a family member
  • Stages of grief in an adult after the loss of a family member
  • How should families cope with the loss of a family member?
  • The increasing problem of work-life balance and its impact on families
  • Joint family versus a nuclear family
  • Family members who should have a say in the upbringing of a child
  • Fostering children and the issues that arise
  • Substance abuse within a family. How to save yourself and the rest of your family?
  • Sexual abuse within a family. Strategies to escape it.
  • Family violence in the last decade. Has it increased?
  • The effect of setting very high expectations for members of the family.
  • Family values: Should they be strict or flexible?
  • Different types of relationships within a family.
  • Putting life together after a natural disaster.
  • Accepting children from a previous marriage into your family.
  • How to meet a crisis as a family
  • The issue of gender discrimination within a family.
  • Gender roles and expectations of the family
  • Coping with unpleasant secrets of your family
  • The pressure of inheriting a family business and the impact on children and younger members of the family.
  • Balancing between family support and allowing young adults to live their lives on their own.
  • How involved should the family be in one’s career?
  • The absence of love within a family
  • Helping a family member in distress.
  • Unwanted activities that modern families engage in
  • Accepting the transition of children into adult lives.

Family Life Education Topics for Research

Among the many family and marriage topics for discussion, family life education is an important concept that presents a huge scope for research.

  • The objectives of family life education
  • The importance of family life education
  • The primary principles of family life education
  • The practices of family life education and their importance in effective outreach.
  • How family life education can improve moral codes in young adults
  • The importance of family life education in developing a good personality in adolescents
  • Complementing parent education with family life education.
  • How family life education can fill the gap when parents abdicate responsibilities.
  • The three behavioural needs for family planning.
  • Importance of setting priorities when planning a family.
  • Resources that teen parents need for effective parenting.
  • Tools to build resilience in teen parents
  • Family life education and psychology
  • Family life education and social work.
  • The 10 contents of family life education.
  • Family life education is one of the most flexible fields of sociology. Your comments.
  • Family life education to help problem teens cope in college or school.
  • The role of family life education in decision making among family members.
  • Write in detail about a decision making model that youth can benefit from when it comes to family planning decisions.
  • Skill application in family planning.
  • Parenting classes: A modern trend or a necessity for new parents?
  • Identifying personal attitude and belief in teen parenting.
  • How family life education contributes to overall well being and growth of a family.
  • Assessing knowledge levels of adolescent girls with respect to issues in family life education.
  • The key areas of study of family life education.
  • Differences in rural and urban approach to family life education.
  • How to set up an effective intervention plan when dealing with family life education crisis
  • The challenges of parents with adolescent parents.
  • Using family life education to teach teens about balancing between responsibility and freedom.
  • Critical interests of preschool children
  • Stimulating growth and development of preschool children.
  • The right time to plan for a second child.
  • Adjusting to the ‘Empty Nest Syndrome’.
  • Importance of family life education in reproductive health.
  • Population education versus family life education.

Sociology of Family Research Topics

Family structures are an important part of studying sociology. Here are trending sociology research topics on family to help you ace your papers.

  • Unconventional family structures in the modern world.
  • Child behaviour and the impact of parents on it.
  • Child abuse and its long term effects
  • The impact of cross-racial adoption
  • The challenges of cross-racial adoption
  • Differences in family structures across ethnic groups and races
  • How single parenting impacts the life of children.
  • The impact on children when couples live apart.
  • The impact on family structure when couples live apart.
  • Family and its involvement in community
  • The role of the community in changing family structures.
  • Different household structures within families
  • The earner-carer family model
  • The need for dual earner couples
  • The evolution of household structures within families
  • The importance of dividing household labour within a family.
  • What is family demography?
  • Effective ways of dealing with family conflicts
  • What is maternalism?
  • The changing approach to filial responsibility
  • Effective family migration planning
  • The challenges faced by immigrant families.
  • Examples of matriarchal family structures across the globe.
  • The changing roles of a woman in a family.
  • The changing roles of a man in a family.
  • Effective ways to manage money within a family
  • The important parental roles in deciding the outcomes for children.
  • Sibling relationships at different ages.
  • Dealing with stepfamilies.
  • Challenges faced by stepmothers and how to overcome them?
  • Challenges faced by stepfathers and how to overcome them?
  • The concept of sibling ties.
  • Causes for increase in female householders
  • Deteriorating economic circumstances of men and the impact on family structures.
  • Cohabitation and a decline in marriage.

Popular Research Topics on Gay Marriage

With the legalization of same sex marriage in many countries while some still remain in conflict, there are several gay marriage topics that you can write about.

  • Should the government have a say in marital decisions?
  • Why is gay marriage illegal in some countries?
  • The importance of legalizing same sex marriages.
  • The social challenges faced by same sex couples.
  • How to help a member of the family who has come out of the closet.
  • Accepting same sex marriage with a family.
  • How to support family members who belong the LGBTQ community?
  • The effect of same gender parents on the social life of a child.
  • Challenges faced by gay couples with adoption.
  • Can gay couples provide the same parenting structure as straight couples?
  • Common marriage and family issues for gay people.
  • Differences between a heterosexual marriage and same sex marriage.
  • Do same gender couples make fit partners? The common consensus.
  • The limitations imposed by the law on same sex couples.
  • The importance of marriage for gay couples
  • Divorce among gay couples. Is it harder to get professional assistance?
  • Legalising same sex marriage and the impact on psychological well-being.
  • Impact of same sex marriage on the society.
  • Are changing contours of family making it easier to accept gay and lesbian marriages?
  • Legal decisions affecting children of same sex parents.
  • Anticipatory minority as a stressor among same sex couples.
  • Civil Union versus same sex marriage.
  • Defining household structures in same sex homes.
  • Potential differences in the political attitude between heterosexual and homosexual couples.
  • Child development and homosexual parenthood.
  • The differences in social challenges of a gay marriage and lesbian marriage.
  • Emotion work in gay, lesbian and heterosexual relationships.
  • Same sex civil partnership and its impact of health.
  • How same sex marriage impacts the understanding of same sex relationship.
  • A sociological perspective on the legal recognition of same sex marriages.
  • Perspectives of gay and lesbian marriages across the globe.
  • Czech lesbian activism. Explain some of the significant events.
  • Safety concerns for same sex couples in the society.
  • The psychology of children of same sex couples.
  • Domestic violence in same sex marriages.

Marriage and Family Therapy Research Topics

Whether it is research paper on relationships, marriage or family structure, therapy and counselling plays an important role in today’s world. Here are some topics that are trending and relevant.

  • Stress and its impact on family or marriage counselling.
  • Qualities of a good family therapist.
  • The role of pre-marriage counselling in strengthening relationships.
  • Techniques of family therapy
  • The key concepts of family therapy
  • Objectives of marriage and family therapy
  • Living with a family member who has mental health issues
  • Providing family support to members with mental health issues.
  • Importance of family therapy in the sociology of family.
  • The emergence of family therapy as an identifiable field of psychology.
  • Family therapy and its importance in social work.
  • Child guidance and mental health
  • Family systems model of therapy.
  • Improving communication patterns within family through counselling.
  • The concept of function and purpose of symptoms.
  • The circular causation model of family therapy.
  • Recognizing structural characteristics of families through therapy
  • The increasing need for family and marriage therapy.
  • How family therapy can help cope with members who are addicted to substances.
  • Family therapy and child sexual abuse.
  • Family therapy versus marriage counselling.
  • Non systemic postmodernist models of family therapy.
  • The challenges faced by family therapists.
  • Factors that limit the scope of family therapy.
  • History of professional marriage and family therapy.
  • The evolving treatment of gender in family therapy.
  • The evolving treatment of sexual orientation in family therapy.
  • The perspective of family and marriage therapy among various ethnic groups.
  • The need for counselling for children of divorce.
  • Family therapy to help deal with loss of family members.
  • Family therapy to cope with terminally ill family members.
  • Significant models of family therapy in the modern world.
  • Important research papers on family therapy.
  • The pioneers of family and marriage counselling.
  • Changes in psychiatry and its role in the development of family therapy.
  • The contributions of Harry Stack Sullivan to family therapy.
  • Factors that contribute the positive mental health among family members.
  • The impact of cultural systems on the understanding of family dynamics.
  • Family therapy and its integration into family medicine.
  • Common treatment protocols in family therapy.

Divorce Topics For Research Paper

Because of the social and emotional impact that it has, divorce is among the most important marriage topics for discussion.

  • Study of abusive and toxic relationships within a family.
  • The causes for increasing divorce rates.
  • Perception of divorce among different ethnicities.
  • The impact of culture on the perception of divorce.
  • Marriage counselling as an effective way of preventing divorce
  • The trauma of child custody battles
  • The impact of child custody battles on the child.
  • The social perspective of divorced couples.
  • Raising children as a divorced couple.
  • A study on family violence
  • The changing perspective of marriage among children of divorce.
  • The impact of divorce on the social lives of children.
  • Sociological consequences of divorce.
  • Changing patterns and trends of divorce
  • Is divorce a social problem?
  • The negative consequences of divorce
  • The positive consequences of divorce
  • The economical consequences of divorce
  • How divorce impacts your social circle.
  • The impact of increasing divorce rates on society.
  • Ideological considerations of divorce
  • The process of marital breakdown.

Family Law Topics for Research

Here is a list of family law topics that have a good scope for data collection so that you can present an impressive paper.

  • Shared residence orders versus single residence orders.
  • The need for reform and alteration in family laws in your country.
  • Relationships, family and the law
  • Reform in the cohabitation law.
  • The Children Act of 1989 and its importance in Family Law.
  • Extending civil marriage availability to same sex couples. Write your views for and against this topic.
  • Laws regarding non-conjugal relationships.
  • The role of family law in determining the boundaries of marriage.
  • Child relocation and the laws associated with it
  • Divorce decisions based on the Principles of Fairness
  • The matrimonial cause act of 1973. Discuss its importance and the evolution.
  • Discuss three family laws that may be irrelevant in the modern world.
  • Why is it necessary to establish family laws?
  • The Piglowska versus Piglowski case of 1999 and its impact on divorce law decisions.
  • The role of religion on divorce laws.
  • Providing legal support to make victims of domestic abuse.
  • Why are child protection laws important?
  • The legal aspects of family welfare and social work.
  • Intervention of the State or authorities in families where children are abused or neglected.
  • Termination of parental rights in case of neglect or abuse. Is it the right approach?
  • Family laws about inheritance.
  • The changing laws of adoption.
  • A comparison of family laws in the West and the East.
  • Are family laws more liberal in the West?
  • Is the concept of alimony redundant in today’s world?
  • The need for legal validation of relationships.
  • Should women receive child support even if they are financially stable?
  • Is it correct for one parent to withhold visitation rights of the other?
  • Challenges faced by family lawyers.

Family Bible Study Topics of Research

Religion is a primary construct in the family structure. Here are some best rated family bible study topics that you can choose from:

  • Family bible study and its role in establishing values with a family.
  • How to use family bible study to improve the personality of adolescents.
  • The role of family bible study in increasing bonding between family members.
  • Is family bible study necessary in the modern world?
  • How the church positively influences the family structure.
  • Some family theories and concepts from the bible that are relevant even today?
  • Some outdated concepts of family that are mentioned in the bible that do not fit into modern society.
  • How family bible study impacts marriages and relationships.
  • Family bible study and why it is important for children to start young.
  • Family bible study and its role in improving behaviour of family members.
  • Interesting ideas to make family bible study relevant and interesting.

It is common for students to often get busy with other subjects and not find ample time to either shortlist the topics or write the research paper . In such scenarios it is best to take help from a reliable writing service like ours. Whether it is topic selection or writing help with the essay, we can offer it all. Don’t be afraid to get research paper help from our professional writers! Our team is experienced in handling an array of writing works for students of different educational backgrounds. We offer plagiarism free and well written submissions that suit every budget. For any help with a research paper about marriage and family, get in touch with our professional writers today. Contact us with a “ do my research paper for me ” request for quality assistance. Get high quality and affordable papers written by experts in the field to increase your grades and present an informative and interesting paper on the subject.  

sociology research topics

Leave a Reply Cancel reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment.

Terms & Conditions Loyalty Program Privacy Policy Money-Back Policy

Copyright © 2013-2024 MyPaperDone.com

You are using an outdated browser. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.

The Gottman Institute

A research-based approach to relationships

Marriage and Couples

Home » Our Mission » Research » Marriage and Couples

The infographic below highlights some of Dr. John Gottman’s most notable research findings on marriage and couple relationships. For a more in-depth review of the three phases of Gottman’s research with marriage and couples, continue reading.

Research findings from Dr. John Gottman.

Phase 1: The Discovery of Reliable Patterns of Interaction Discriminating the “Masters” From the “Disasters” of Relationships

In 1976, Dr. Robert Levenson and Dr. John Gottman teamed up to combine the study of emotion with psycho-physiological measurement and a video-recall method that gave us rating dial measures (still applying game theory) of how people felt during conflict. This was the new way of getting the “talk table” numbers. The research also became longitudinal. They made no predictions in the first study, but they were interested in a measure of “physiological linkage,” because a prior study showed that the skin conductance of two nurses was correlated only if they disliked one another. They thought that might be linked to negative affect in couples. Indeed it was.

They were also amazed that in their first study with 30 couples they were able to “predict” the change in marital satisfaction almost perfectly with their physiological measures. The results revealed that the more physiologically aroused couples were (in all channels, including heart rate, skin conductance, gross motor activity, and blood velocity), the more their marriages deteriorated in happiness over a three-year period, even controlling the initial level of marital satisfaction.

The rating dial and their observational coding of the interaction also “predicted” changes in relationship satisfaction. Such large correlations in the data were unprecedented. Furthermore, Gottman and Levenson had preceded the conflict conversation with a reunion conversation (in which couples talked about the events of their day before the conflict discussion), and they had followed the conflict discussion with a positive topic. Gottman and Levenson were amazed to discover that harsh startup by women in the conflict discussion was predictable by the male partner’s disinterest or irritability in the events of the day discussion. They found that the quality of the couple’s friendship, especially as maintained by men, was critical in understanding conflict. Furthermore, the ability to rebound from, or “repair” , conflict to the positive conversation became a marker of emotion regulation ability of couples.

Both Levenson and Gottman had discovered Dr. Paul Ekman and Dr. Wallace Friesen’s Facial Affect Coding System (FACS), and Gottman subsequently developed the Specific Affect Coding System (SPAFF) , which was an integration of FACS and earlier systems in the Gottman lab.

The SPAFF became the main system that Gottman used to code couples’ interaction. At first, it took 25 hours to code 15 minutes of interaction, but later Gottman was able to get the same coding done in just 45 minutes, with no loss of reliability. Gottman also began applying time-series analysis to the analysis of interaction data. He wrote, Time-Series Analysis: A Comprehensive Introduction for Social Scientists , a book on time-series analysis to explain these methods to psychologists, and developed some new methods for analyzing dominance and bi-directionality with James Ringland.

Phase 2: Prediction and the Replication of the Prediction

Soon after, Gottman and Levenson received their first grant together and began attempting to replicate their observations from the first study. The subsequent studies they conducted in their labs with colleagues eventually spanned the entire life course — with the longest of the studies following couples for 20 years, in Levenson’s Berkeley lab.

The Gottman lab at the University of Illinois also studied the linkages between marital interaction, parenting, and children’s social development with Dr. Lynn Katz, and later at the University of Washington involved studying these linkages with infants with Dr. Alyson Shapiro. Gottman developed the concept of “meta-emotion” , which is how people feel about emotion (such as specific emotions like anger), emotional expression, and emotional understanding in general. Meta-emotion mismatches between parents in that study predicted divorce with 80% accuracy.

Gottman and Levenson discovered that couples interaction had enormous stability over time (about 80% stability in conflict discussions separated by 3 years). They also discovered that most relationship problems (69%) never get resolved but are “perpetual problems” based on personality differences between partners.

In seven longitudinal studies, one with violent couples (with Neil Jacobson), the predictions replicated. Gottman could predict whether a couple would divorce with an average of over 90% accuracy, across studies using the ratio of positive to negative SPAFF codes, the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (Criticism, Defensiveness, Contempt, and Stonewalling), physiology, the rating dial, and an interview they devised, the Oral History Interview , as coded by Kim Buehlman’s coding system.

Gottman could predict whether or not their stable couples would be happy or unhappy using measures of positive affect during conflict. With Dr. Jim Coan, he discovered that positive affect was used not randomly, but to physiologically soothe the partner. Gottman also discovered that in heterosexual relationships, men accepting influence from their wives was predictive of happy and stable marriages. Bob Levenson also discovered that humor was physiologically soothing and that empathy had a physiological substrate (in research with Dr. Anna Ruef), using the rating dial.

Phase 3: Theory Building, Understanding, and Prevention & Intervention

The third phase of Gottman’s research program was devoted to trying to understand the empirical predictions, and thus building and then testing theory. Ultimately, Gottman aimed to build a theory that was testable or disconfirmable.

Testing theory in the psychological field requires clinical interventions. In 1996, the Gottman lab returned to intervention research with Dr. Julie Schwartz Gottman. John and Julie Gottman designed both proximal and distal change studies. In a proximal change study, one intervenes briefly with interventions designed only to make the second of two conflict discussions less divorce-prone. In one of these studies, they discovered that a 20-minute break, in which couples stopped talking and just read magazines (as their heart rates returned to baseline), dramatically changed the discussion, so that people had access to their sense of humor and affection.

Together with Julie, John Gottman started building the Sound Relationship House Theory . That theory became the basis of the design of clinical interventions for couples in John Gottman’s book,  The Marriage Clinic , and Julie Gottman’s book,  The Marriage Clinic Casebook . In August of 1996, they founded The Gottman Institute to continue to develop evidence-based approaches to improving couples therapy outcomes.

Read more about The Gottman Institute’s mission here .

research topics on marriage and divorce

Numbers, Facts and Trends Shaping Your World

Read our research on:

Full Topic List

Regions & Countries


  • Our Methods
  • Short Reads
  • Tools & Resources

Read Our Research On:


Public has mixed views on the modern american family.

Americans are more pessimistic than optimistic about the institution of marriage and the family. At the same time, the public is fairly accepting of diverse family arrangements, though some are seen as more acceptable than others.

The Modern American Family

Key trends in marriage and family life in the United States.

Facts on Foreign Students in the U.S.

The U.S. has more foreign students enrolled in its colleges and universities than any other country in the world. Explore data about foreign students in the U.S. higher education system.

Key facts about race and marriage, 50 years after Loving v. Virginia

Intermarriage has increased steadily since the 1967 Loving v. Virginia ruling. Here are more key findings about interracial and interethnic marriage and families.

Among U.S. cohabiters, 18% have a partner of a different race or ethnicity

A half-century after the Supreme Court legalized interracial marriage in the United States, 18% of all cohabiting adults have a partner of a different race or ethnicity – similar to the share of U.S. newlyweds who have a spouse of a different race or ethnicity (17%).

The rise of multiracial and multiethnic babies in the U.S.

One-in-seven U.S. infants were multiracial or multiethnic in 2015, nearly triple the share in 1980.

In U.S. metro areas, huge variation in intermarriage rates

One-in-six newlyweds (17%) were married to someone of a different race or ethnicity in 2015, representing a more than fivefold increase from 3% in 1967.

Shared religious beliefs in marriage important to some, but not all, married Americans

Many married adults point to several factors as bigger keys to a successful marriage than shared religious beliefs.

One-in-Five U.S. Adults Were Raised in Interfaith Homes

Roughly one-in-five U.S. adults were raised with a mixed religious background, according to a new Pew Research Center study.

From multiracial children to gender identity, what some demographers are studying now

The nation’s largest annual demography conference, the Population Association of America meeting, featured new research on topics including couples who live in separate homes, children of multiracial couples, transgender Americans, immigration law enforcement and how climate change affects migration.


Research teams.

1615 L St. NW, Suite 800 Washington, DC 20036 USA (+1) 202-419-4300 | Main (+1) 202-857-8562 | Fax (+1) 202-419-4372 |  Media Inquiries

Research Topics

  • Age & Generations
  • Coronavirus (COVID-19)
  • Economy & Work
  • Family & Relationships
  • Gender & LGBTQ
  • Immigration & Migration
  • International Affairs
  • Internet & Technology
  • Methodological Research
  • News Habits & Media
  • Non-U.S. Governments
  • Other Topics
  • Politics & Policy
  • Race & Ethnicity
  • Email Newsletters

ABOUT PEW RESEARCH CENTER  Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. It is a subsidiary of  The Pew Charitable Trusts .

Copyright 2024 Pew Research Center

  • Bibliography
  • More Referencing guides Blog Automated transliteration Relevant bibliographies by topics
  • Automated transliteration
  • Relevant bibliographies by topics
  • Referencing guides

Dissertations / Theses on the topic 'Marriage and divorce'

Create a spot-on reference in apa, mla, chicago, harvard, and other styles.

Consult the top 50 dissertations / theses for your research on the topic 'Marriage and divorce.'

Next to every source in the list of references, there is an 'Add to bibliography' button. Press on it, and we will generate automatically the bibliographic reference to the chosen work in the citation style you need: APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago, Vancouver, etc.

You can also download the full text of the academic publication as pdf and read online its abstract whenever available in the metadata.

Browse dissertations / theses on a wide variety of disciplines and organise your bibliography correctly.

Moats, Michelle Marie. "The effects of parental marriage, divorce and conlfict on college students' attitudes toward marriage and divorce." Oxford, Ohio : Miami University, 2004. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc%5Fnum=miami1089665548.

Popovich, Mike C. "A five session seminar to help people contemplating divorce." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 2005. http://www.tren.com.

Carpenter, Lindsay Rae. "Influences of childhood parental divorce on adult children's perceptions of marriage and divorce." Oxford, Ohio : Miami University, 2009. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc%5Fnum=miami1260490952.

Manjikian, Sevak. "Islamic Law in Canada: Marriage and Divorce." Thesis, McGill University, 2007. http://digitool.Library.McGill.CA:80/R/?func=dbin-jump-full&object_id=102836.

Cianca, James. "Marriage-divorce-remarriage New Testament exception clauses /." Online full text .pdf document, available to Fuller patrons only, 1986. http://www.tren.com.

Goode, Stephen. "Children and divorce : a study of Divorce Court supervision orders." Thesis, University of Nottingham, 1988. http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/13332/.

Jones, Brian. "A biblical theology of marriage, divorce, and remarriage." Online full text .pdf document, available to Fuller patrons only, 2002. http://www.tren.com.

Dillon, Hollie Nicole. "Family Violence and Divorce: Effects on Marriage Expectations." Digital Commons @ East Tennessee State University, 2005. https://dc.etsu.edu/etd/998.

Taghvatalab, Golnaz. "The Economics of Marriage and Divorce in Iran." Diss., Virginia Tech, 2012. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/77981.

Nyokunda, Omeonga Josephine. "Indissolubilite catholique et coutumes africaines : discussion sur le mariage traditionnel africain /." Bern ; New York : Peter Lang, 2008. http://bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991/F?func=service&doc_library=BVB01&doc_number=016495766&line_number=0001&func_code=DB_RECORDS&service_type=MEDIA.

Gotcher, Billy Mack. "A pastor's guide on divorce and remarriage." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN) Access this title online, 2005. http://www.tren.com.

Bernard, Julia M. "Divorce Mediation." Digital Commons @ East Tennessee State University, 2019. https://dc.etsu.edu/etsu-works/5798.

Fisher, Hayley Claire. "Essays in the economics of marriage, cohabitation and divorce." Thesis, University of Cambridge, 2011. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.609754.

Tasker, Fiona Lorraine. "Adolescents' attitudes to marriage and relationships following parental divorce." Thesis, University of Cambridge, 1990. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/272964.

Issaka, Fulera. "Negotiating marriage and divorce in Accra : Muslim women's experiences." Master's thesis, University of Cape Town, 2012. http://hdl.handle.net/11427/12058.

Young, Coral. "Women and marriage the housing consequences of opting out /." Connect to full text, 1993. http://hdl.handle.net/2123/398.

Disque, J. Graham. "Coping with Divorce." Digital Commons @ East Tennessee State University, 1998. https://dc.etsu.edu/etsu-works/2845.

Yoo, Hong Sun. "A biblical approach to Christian marriage and the broken family." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 1998. http://www.tren.com.

DeVinney, Joel. "Mixed marriages and divorce in Ezra, Nehemiah, and Malachi." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 1999. http://www.tren.com.

Sylvester, Edward. "The U.S.-Saudi partnership is this marriage headed for divorce?" Thesis, Monterey, Calif. : Naval Postgraduate School, 2008. http://edocs.nps.edu/npspubs/scholarly/theses/2008/Sept/08Sep%5FSylvester.pdf.

Adelstein, Shirley. "Single mothers and marriage promotion considering the consequences of divorce /." Connect to Electronic Thesis (CONTENTdm), 2009. http://worldcat.org/oclc/449187309/viewonline.

Heynis, Jessica Ann. "Law and disorder : a contractual view of marriage and divorce." Thesis, University of Cambridge, 2005. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.614707.

Edelstein, Mark. "Marriage Dissolution in the Active Duty Air Force." ScholarWorks, 2017. http://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/dissertations/4214.

Berg, Adri van den. "Land right, marriage left : women's management of insecurity in North Cameroon /." Leiden : CNWS publications, 1997. http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb375112006.

D'Amour, David C. "What God has joined together-." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 1994. http://www.tren.com.

Harper, Ronald. "An exegetical analysis of Matthew 19:3-12." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 1997. http://www.tren.com.

Shafer, Kevin M. "Gender Differences in Remarriage: Marriage Formation and Assortative Mating After Divorce." Columbus, Ohio : Ohio State University, 2009. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view.cgi?acc%5Fnum=osu1247497348.

Saidi, A. "Marriage and divorce in urban Mamluk society in the fifteenth century." Thesis, University of Cambridge, 2001. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.499474.

Coudert, Frederic René. "Marriage and divorce laws in Europe : a study in comparative legislation /." Littleton : (Colo.) : F. B. Rothman, 1993. http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb37441423v.

Kollm, Stephanie. "Divorce and the American novel the shifting definition of modern marriage /." Click here for download, 2009. http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1827193691&sid=1&Fmt=2&clientId=3260&RQT=309&VName=PQD.

Naidoo, Suraya. "Attitudes and perceptions of marriage and divorce among Indian Muslim students." Thesis, Rhodes University, 2001. http://hdl.handle.net/10962/d1003077.

Jorgensen, Gerald Thomas. "Impact of culture on marriage a psychological perspective and canonical implications /." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 1998. http://www.tren.com.

Nevill, Marjorie. "Women and marriage breakdown in England, 1832-1857." Thesis, University of Essex, 1989. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.236462.

Oïffer-Bomsel, Alicia. "Etude des aspects doctrinaux du mariage catholique après le concile de Trente et des litiges matrimoniaux en Andalousie fiançailles, nullité de mariage et divorce, XVIe-XVIIe siècle : l'intervention de l'Eglise à travers les officialités /." Villeneuve-d'Ascq : Presses universitaires du Septentrion, 2001. http://books.google.com/books?id=WfPYAAAAMAAJ.

Phee, Bob E. S. "A study of the problems of Chinese Christian marriages in Singapore." Online full text .pdf document, available to Fuller patrons only, 2000. http://www.tren.com.

Williams, Aurielle C. "Black American Adult Children of Divorce." ScholarWorks, 2020. https://scholarworks.waldenu.edu/dissertations/7847.

Smirensky, Alvian N. "Matrimonial legislation in imperial Russia, 1700-1918." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 1995. http://www.tren.com.

Roszel, Stephen A. "The dissolution of marriage in favor of the faith according to the 1973 norms, Ut notem est." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 1990. http://www.tren.com.

Finney, Sarah D. "Parental Divorce and LDS Young Adult Attitudes Toward Marriage and Family Life." Diss., CLICK HERE for online access, 1998. http://patriot.lib.byu.edu/u?/MTAF,7953.

Kayhan, Elbirlik Leyla. "Negotiating Matrimony: Marriage, Divorce, and Property Allocation Practices in Istanbul, 1755-1840." Thesis, Harvard University, 2013. http://dissertations.umi.com/gsas.harvard:10864.

Mraja, Mohamed Suleiman. "[Islamic] impacts on marriage and divorce among the Digo of southern Kenya." Würzburg Ergon-Verl, 2006. http://d-nb.info/984433643/04.

Bulanda, Jennifer Roebuck. "MARRIAGE IN LATER LIFE: THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MARITAL QUALITY, HEALTH, AND DIVORCE." Bowling Green State University / OhioLINK, 2006. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=bgsu1150401607.

Moyse, Cordelia Ann. "Reform of marriage and divorce law in England and Wales, 1909-1937." Thesis, University of Cambridge, 1996. https://www.repository.cam.ac.uk/handle/1810/251606.

Moody, Joanna. "Representations of the wife in the Sidney circle, 1593-1621 : the Countesse of Pembrokes Arcadia to the Countesse of Mountgomeries Urania." Thesis, University of York, 1997. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.337154.

Berrington, Ann. "Partnership formation and dissolution in Britain : evidence from the 1958 birth cohort." Thesis, University of Southampton, 1999. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.266523.

Tumin, Dmitry. "Multiple Marital Dissolutions and Midlife Health." The Ohio State University, 2011. http://rave.ohiolink.edu/etdc/view?acc_num=osu1296507240.

Hamer, Colin G. "Marital imagery in the Bible : an exploration of the cross-domain mapping of Genesis 2:24 and its significance for the understanding of New Testament divorce and remarriage teaching." Thesis, University of Chester, 2015. http://hdl.handle.net/10034/607240.

Buckley, Timothy Joseph. "What is binding? An examination of the bond of marriage in face of the pastoral crisis of broken marriages in the Catholic Church in England and Wales." Thesis, Heythrop College (University of London), 1996. http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.363007.

Mihai, Vasile. "Divorce and remarriage in the Orthodox Church." Theological Research Exchange Network (TREN), 1999. http://www.tren.com.

Schneller, Debora P. "After the Breakup: Adult Perceptions and Expectations of Post-Divorce Intimate Relationships." Diss., Virginia Tech, 2001. http://hdl.handle.net/10919/26268.

  • Parenting & Family Parenting Family Pregnancy
  • Courses Marriage Save My Marriage Pre Marriage
  • Quizzes Relationship Quizzes Love Quizzes Couples Quiz
  • Find a Therapist

3 Key Child’s Role in Divorced Families You Should Know About

Rafael Hebert

Divorce is a challenging period for families, and children often find themselves adapting to new dynamics in various ways. Within the context of divorce, children commonly take on distinct roles to cope with the changes and maintain some semblance of stability.

Depending on whether parents project on their child their relationship turbulence or surround the kids with love and care, children may be driven to act differently and choose various attitudes to ongoing circumstances. So, let’s take a look at the key child’s role in divorced families.

3 roles children often play within divorced families 

When parents go through a divorce, children often take on certain roles to cope with the changes in their family dynamics. Understanding these roles can help in supporting their emotional well-being and addressing the effects of divorce on children’s behavior.

Here are 3 prominent roles children often play in divorced families for you to watch out for and prevent any undesirable outcomes: 

1. Balance keeper

When parents in the marriage termination process are controlled by their emotions, mostly when life in the family home feels like a rollercoaster of arguments and calm before the storm, there should be at least one person who keeps the balance in the family. 

And when parents malfunction with this duty, there is only a child who takes on this role . This is a frequent case when parents’ fighting affects teenagers and their behavior, but kids of any other age may choose a similar position, too. 

Divorced parents’ effect on children can be profound, leading them to take on roles they are not ready for.

Studies show college students with divorced parents are more likely to face verbal aggression and violence from their partners during conflict resolution. Additionally, children of divorced parents tend to have lower scores on self-concept and social relations.

Review how your child may act when they select to be a balance keeper in your family:

Keeps away from conflict

These children become adept at diffusing tension and avoiding conflict within the family environment. It may seem to you that you have learned how to process the divorce, but, in fact, it is your kid who mitigates arguments and helps everyone to make it through . 

Children’s emotional response to divorce often involves them stepping in to maintain peace. Whether they use manipulation or cooperative strategies, the final aim of similar children is to keep the household in peace and quiet.

You may be pleased with the idea that your kids have such skills, but remember that children of divorced parents often suffer physically and mentally without showing it and have serious side effects after all.

Stay silent

One of the most vivid psychological effects of divorce on toddlers and kids of other age groups is getting quiet in front of their parents. To mitigate potential conflicts, they often choose to remain silent, opting not to voice their own opinions or concerns.

It can result in some of the interests and needs of the children being ignored and neglected . Plus, the fact that they don’t say anything equals the truth that your kids see and feel everything going on in your family. 

And keeping everything to themselves will make them feel anxious and stressed about the divorce and many other things in the future.

Research indicates that following the separation of their parents, children may regress, display anxiety and depressive symptoms, become more irritable, demanding, and non-compliant, and experience problems in social relationships and school performance.

The responsible one

Balance keepers often take on additional responsibilities, acting as mediators or caregivers to maintain equilibrium within the household. 

You may not even notice how your kids grow up because they have no other choice. They will take up some of your routine duties just to keep you and your partner from arguing over them .

Similar effects of divorce on children’s mental health have both sides of a coin. With your children becoming more independent and confident, they lose part of their childhood and worry about adult issues. 

Although being a balance keeper is not the worst possible role your child may select, it may have negative long-lasting side effects on their mental and physical health. This often implies children losing their opportunities and neglecting their best interests for the sake of their parents . 

So, a similar position on the part of your kids should be addressed properly by their parents and relevant specialists.

2. Seeker of distance

A child’s role in a divorced family can vary significantly, and one common role is that of the seeker of distance. Children suffer and get tired of divorce much more than their parents, even if you don’t notice it much. 

The process of separation with the children involved is often a lengthy and troublesome one that lays a burden on everyone involved . 

Frequently, kids choose distancing and self-isolation to protect themselves from any negative emotional effects of divorce on a child. Here are some red flags that your child is a seeker of distance in divorce, and you need to react quickly not to let them drift away too far:

Minimizes communication

Children assuming this role tend to minimize their communication with family members, withdrawing emotionally from the upheaval. A distance seeker chooses not to interact much with other family members to decrease the possibility of conflicts and any turbulent occurrences and save themselves from extra stress as a result .

In the outcomes, kids of divorce get distant from their families, lose emotional connection with their parents, and are left by themselves with their problems and concerns. Depression and its negative impact on mental health are the most widespread long-term effects of divorce on children in similar cases.

Chooses a side

Another way of distancing co-parenting after divorce is to take sides in family conflict. Children may feel compelled to align themselves with one parent or side of the family, seeking distance from the other parent’s sphere of influence .

In the aftermath, the reputation and connection with another side of the family will be seriously damaged or lost.

Distancing may take place in other forms, like seeking solace in solitude. These children may retreat into personal spaces or hobbies to escape the turmoil surrounding them. 

Yet, this is not the worst option, by all means, which allows kids to concentrate on self-development and protect themselves from divorce-related issues and family turbulence .

In any case, distancing throughout the marriage termination may help children protect themselves from the strong impact of divorce-related turbulence on mental and physical health. 

But a side effect in the form of ruined relationships with the closest family member is the high price to pay for relative peace and quiet.

3. Going on as usual

In many cases, kids choose the position that allows them to minimize or completely ignore the impact of parents fighting on their children. A child’s role in divorce can often involve them living their life as if nothing drastic is happening to their family. 

Either with support or on their own, they take the changes and challenges as normal happenings, prioritize their own wellness, and care about their lives instead . 

Depending on the surrounding circumstances and support granted, such a role may enable kids to live through the end of their parents’ marriage with the minimum possible negative impact. A child’s role in divorce might include the following behaviors:

Takes care of things alone

In many situations, the mixture of kids and divorce results in children becoming more independent and resilient. Taking care of tasks independently, they exhibit a sense of self-reliance, shouldering responsibilities that may otherwise fall to parental figures .

A child’s role in divorce sometimes involves feeling satisfied with dealing with their personal concerns and daily challenges on their own. They leave parents to deal with their divorce-related issues and try not to burden the adults with kids’ issues, not to get things crisscrossed and more complicated.

Yet, this results in worsened relationships and children getting too overwhelmed with their own concerns and troubles they are still not ready to deal with.

Maintains routines

Children often acknowledge and accept the fact that they need to put up with growing up with divorced parents so that they choose to stick to their own routines and not lose the sense of stability in their lives. 

A child’s role in divorce can include maintaining usual habits and activities, which grants them the feeling that they still have something steady and unbroken in their life , despite the family turmoil they are going through together with their parents.

Although this strategy allows children to stay mentally and physically stable, they may break apart one day, risking suffering from strong negative side effects in the end.

Gets the necessary support

While maintaining their routines, children also recognize the importance of seeking necessary support, whether from friends, extended family, or counseling services, to manage the challenges of divorce. 

It is the wisest and most deeply responsible step for children in the course of marriage termination, allowing their dears to back them in cases of extra tension and stress and helping them choose the most beneficial way of survival through their parents’ divorce. 

A child’s role in divorce often involves understanding when and how to seek this support.

A similar approach allows for diminishing the negative effects of divorce on children in the most efficient way. This is not the role only kids may select, but the parents and any other close people who care about their wellness may help them choose and maintain it .

Going on as usual throughout the parents’ divorce may only have a positive effect if children are supported and monitored by their close people and relevant specialists. 

Otherwise, there may be underwater stones that will emerge one day as long-term side effects and hidden concerns and significantly spoil the lives of kids after divorce.

Watch this TED Talk where Herve G Wery talks about the importance of loving your children even through tough times like divorcee:

Wrapping up 

The roles children assume in divorced families reflect their unique coping mechanisms and responses to the upheaval in their lives. Whether acting as balance keepers, seekers of distance, or champions of normalcy, each role highlights the resilience and adaptability of children amidst significant familial changes.

Understanding a child’s role in divorce can aid parents and caregivers in providing the necessary support and guidance to help children manage the complexities of divorce with strength and resilience.

Share this article on

Rafael Hebert

Rafael Hebert is an experienced writer at OnlineDivorceNY.com , specializing in such topics as infidelity in marriage and divorce. His works can be seen on popular blogs like Divorce Magazine and SAS For Women. Having a background in relationship Read more counseling, Rafael is dedicated to helping individuals with emotional issues surrounding infidelity and educating them on their divorce options. In his free time, Rafael enjoys watching documentaries and visiting film festivals in different states. Read less

Want to have a happier, healthier marriage?

If you feel disconnected or frustrated about the state of your marriage but want to avoid separation and/or divorce, the marriage.com course meant for married couples is an excellent resource to help you overcome the most challenging aspects of being married.

Take Course

Learn More On This Topic

Does Living With in-Laws Affect Your Marriage? 10 Ways to Deal


By editorial team, relationship & marriage advice.

Learning To Forgive: 6 Steps to Forgiveness In Relationships


Friendships After Marriage

Approved By Mert Şeker, Psychologist

10 Tips on How to Manage Long-Distance Relationships

Marriage Preparation

By shellie r. warren.

5 Benefits of Premarriage Counseling

Pre Marriage

You may also like.

A Step-by-Step Guide to Fix and Save a Broken Marriage

Save Your Marriage

Approved by angela welch, marriage & family therapist.

Treading Carefully: Getting Back Together After Separation

Approved By Jeannie Sytsma, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate

10 Things You Must Know Before Separating From Your Husband

By Marriage.com Editorial Team, Relationship & Marriage Advice

How to Rekindle a Marriage After Separation: 13 Helpful Ways

Approved By Shannon McHugh, Psychologist

How to Have a Trial Separation in the Same House

Recent Articles

How to Get out of a Bad Marriage With No Money: 12 Ways

By Draven Porter

10 Things to Do When Divorce Dilemma Arises

By Noah Williams

Popular topics on marriage help.

research topics on marriage and divorce

What this BYU professor told the United Nations about why marriage and family matters

Brian willoughby spoke to a family-focused u.n. coalition in new york city on the international day of families.

Brian Willoughby, a School of Family Life professor at Brigham Young University, speaks during the United Nations’ “The Family & the Future of Humanity” event on Wednesday, May 15, 2024, in New York City.

Brian Willoughby once interviewed a young woman named Liz as part of a longitudinal study.

She was 19 when the study started, working on her undergraduate degree at an American university. She’d grown up with two married parents, ample financial resources and abundant emotional support; and she was engaged to a young man she’d met at her church. Liz appeared well on her way to replicating her parents’ marital and family success, Willoughby said.

But several years later, when he met with her again for the study, Liz’s life looked different than he expected. Her engagement had ended, largely due to her desire to leave the religious faith of her family; she’d had one serious relationship since then, but was single at the time of her second interview; and she was more cynical when she spoke about marriage.

“Marriage had become a dream that may or may not eventually come, but she was not going to dwell or wait for it,” Willoughby said. “She explained to me her current belief that for many young adults, marriage created ‘a lot of problems and issues.’”

Willoughby, a School of Family Life professor at Brigham Young University, shared Liz’s story during the United Nations’ “ The Family and the Future of Humanity ” event on Wednesday, May 15, in New York City.

Held on the International Day of Families and on the 30th anniversary of the International Year of the Family, the event was organized by the Permanent Mission of the Republic of Belarus to the United Nations and by the Center for Family and Human Rights .

The event also involved the Group of Friends of the Family: a coalition of U.N. member states “that reaffirm that the family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State,” according to the Uniting Nations for a Family Friendly World website.

As of 2023 , the group had 26 member states, including Belarus, Egypt and Uganda.

During its May 15 meeting, the Group of Friends of the Family convened to discuss a variety of issues facing families today, including declining marriage rates, attitudes about abortion and the diminishment of motherhood.

They invited a variety of experts to share their knowledge, including Willoughby. Other speakers included Stefano Gennarini, vice president for legal studies at the Center for Family and Human Rights; Kimberly Ells, a BYU graduate and author of “The Invincible Family: Why the Global Campaign to Crush Motherhood and Fatherhood Can’t Win”; and pro-life activist Christina Bennett.

Their presentations supported what leaders of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints have long taught about the importance of marriage and family.

research topics on marriage and divorce

For instance, in May 2023, President Dallin H. Oaks and his wife, Sister Kristen M. Oaks , spoke to young adults ages 18 to 30 in a worldwide devotional . Marriage is central to the purpose of mortal life and what follows, President Oaks, first counselor in the Church’s First Presidency, said at the devotional.

Those who intentionally postpone marriage represent opportunities lost and blessings postponed, he continued, including delays in important personal growth that occurs through that relationship, decreased opportunities to work together in building the kingdom of God and fewer children born.

“Just remember, a loving Heavenly Father has a plan for His young adults, and part of that plan is marriage and children,” President Oaks said.

Speaking during October 2015 general conference , the late Elder Robert D. Hales of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, also addressed this topic. Many young adults like the idea of marriage but are reluctant to take that step, he said, and a growing number don’t want children.

“Speaking plainly, please don’t date all through your 20s just to ‘have a good time,’ thus delaying marriage in favor of other interests and activities,” Elder Hales said. “Why? Because dating and marriage aren’t final destinations. They are the gateway to where you ultimately want to go.”

And during October 2007 general conference , Relief Society General President Julie B. Beck said, “Whereas in many cultures in the world children are ‘becoming less valued,’ in the culture of the gospel we still believe in having children. ... Faithful daughters of God desire children.”

Benefits of marriage to individuals

During his May 15 U.N. presentation, Willoughby said that for many young adults, marriage is “nice if it happens, but certainly not needed or necessary.”

But the problem with this type of attitude is that marriage and family plays an important role in the likelihood of health, happiness and love, he said.

For his book, “The Millennial Marriage,” he investigated the health and well-being of young married couples around the U.S. Drawing on a large national dataset, he found that married millennials are:

  • 16% more likely to report higher life satisfaction than those who never marry.
  • 13% more likely to report satisfaction with their overall physical health.
  • 11% more likely to be optimistic about their personal future.

research topics on marriage and divorce

Married millennials also reported greater satisfaction with their careers, social lives, personal finances, family lives and local communities, Willoughby said. And his data showed that these effects were stronger for younger couples than for older couples.

Willoughby said other academics might argue that these types of findings are due to “selection effects” — happier and better-adjusted people are more likely to marry. But even when accounting for selection effects, research still shows that married people are overall happier than unmarried people, he said.

That doesn’t mean marriage is a “magical or mystical” relationship in which well-being is simply granted to couples and families, Willoughby clarified.

Rather, “marriage, when approached with the right mindset and skills, tends to fundamentally change who we are,” he said, because its “sacrificial and virtuous” approach to life is focused on the happiness of others rather than of self.

Despite all the benefits of marriage, marriage rates around the world have markedly decreased, Willoughby said. He presented a variety of data showing that, in the U.S., marriages have dropped almost 41% since 1970; in South Korea, they’ve dropped 47% since 1980; and in Portugal, they’ve dropped 20% over the last 15 years.

Besides marriage rates, there’s dwindling interest in romantic relationships at all, Willoughby said. The Monitoring the Future dataset shows that the percentage of high school students who have never been on a single date by high school graduation has increased by 320% over the last 30 years — meaning that now, almost half of all graduating high school students report that they’ve never dated.

“Too many of our young adults … remain pro-marriage but are rarely proactively [marrying],” Willoughby said. “They would like to be married, but are increasingly making personal choices that prioritize careers, hobbies and personal happiness over marriage and families.”

research topics on marriage and divorce

Benefits of marriage to children

The benefits of marriage go beyond the personal, Willoughby said, because it’s the ideal situation for raising children.

“Marriage remains a pillar of our modern world,” Willoughby said. “When it comes to stability, it forms the bedrock on which the socialization and healthy development of children most readily relies upon.”

For decades, social scientists have found that children are healthier and develop into more capable adults in the context of families with stable marriages, he continued. More recently, he said researchers in Norway found that children living with married parents were less likely to report significant health problems during the COVID-19 pandemic than children living with single parents.

Additionally, married parents are on average more likely to be engaged and active in their child’s life and more likely to invest financially in education and extracurricular activities, Willoughby said.

“This link between child well-being and marriage is consistent, strong and impossible to ignore,” he said, adding, “While we may not know what future challenges exist for families or will exist for families, we do know that children with married parents will be more likely to weather the coming storms, whatever they may be.”

Raising marriage rates

To counter trends of decreasing marriage rates, Willoughby said governments, organizations and the media must send the message that marriage matters. Especially important is the implementation of pro-family and pro-marriage policies that encourage family formation and childbearing.

“While marriage is not the magic answer to poverty, starvation or crime, it is a key indicator of the health of our society and the welfare of the rising generation,” Willoughby said. “We need more people and governments around the world spreading the message that marriage is not only important but is likely the best path towards success, happiness and health in life.”

Michelle Drouin Ph.D.

In a Sexless Marriage, Who’s to Blame?

Engaging in sex is a choice, and it’s not biology alone that influences you..

Posted February 4, 2022 | Reviewed by Davia Sills

  • The Fundamentals of Sex
  • Find a sex therapist near me
  • Millions of people worldwide are in sexless marriages.
  • Men and women with sex problems in their relationship report similar issues, mostly related to sexual desire.
  • Sexless marriages are not a single person's fault; rather, couple dynamics are often to blame.

One of my favorite psychology concepts involves American President Calvin Coolidge. The story goes that his wife was visiting a farm one day and saw a rooster mating with vigor. She urged the farmer to tell her husband about it, to which President Coolidge is rumored to have replied, “Same hen each time?”

The term “Coolidge effect” has been used henceforth to describe renewed sexual interest in a novel partner after sex with an existing partner. This effect, studied mostly in males but also relevant to female sexuality , is attributed to the effects of novelty on the dopamine -rich mesolimbic pathway, our so-called reward pathway. When we have a pleasurable experience, dopamine travels within neurons along this pathway, triggering positive feelings. Novelty activates the pathway, but so do things like chocolate and cocaine.

And sex. That’s right: The same part of the brain that lights up when someone takes cocaine is activated after copulation. Considering this, it might be surprising that sexless marriages occur. If sex lights up so many positive parts of the brain, why do they happen in the first place?

The sexless marriage

Although it’s not a topic people tend to discuss openly, many people worldwide are in sexless or nearly sexless marriages. Research estimates that about 15 percent of men and women report no or little sex with their partner in the past month and in the past year. Digital behavior markers support this claim. A TEDx talk titled “No-Sex Marriage ” has 30 million views. The phrase “sexless marriage” returns 11.6 million Google hits. And Google Trends shows that “sexless marriage” has been searched pretty consistently since 2004, with the top related query being “sexless marriage divorce .”

All of this to say, if you’re currently in a sexless marriage, you’re not alone. And if you think that’s a problem, you’re also not alone. But when sex dies down in a relationship, who’s to blame? The popular myth is that women refuse men’s sexual advances. But the answer is not so straightforward, and the explanation has roots in both biology and psychology.

The biology and psychology of sexlessness

Here, President Coolidge’s question might give some insight. Over time, as someone habituates to their sexual partner, more stimulus may be necessary to get the same reaction. The novelty of our partner subsides; in this way, familiarity may be the enemy of desire and time the culprit of sexlessness.

If we accept this as true, then sexual desire among couples should go down over time, and men and women should experience similar peaks and troughs—but the data tells a different story. The first part of this statement has some support: A study involving mostly married adults in middle and old age found that over the course of a decade, interest in and quality of sex diminished, and sexual frequency went down from 2.53 to 1.8 times every six months. But this same study showed that women’s interest in sex declined more than men’s. The same trend is found among newlyweds: In one study of mixed-sex couples, women’s sexual desire for their husband went down about 10 percent over five years, but men’s desire for their wife remained the same.

Sexual desire discrepancies

These differences between men and women in sexual desire— sexual desire discrepancy —might lead you to believe that sexless marriages have a biological basis. Attributable at least somewhat to greater levels of testosterone , men are less likely than women to report distressingly low sex drives (15 percent versus 30 percent, respectively), and a review of the literature finds that men have more intense sexual desires, want more sex, and have more sexual fantasies than women. More women than men also report sexual dysfunction (43 percent versus 31 percent, respectively). This may be one reason why women are depicted as sexual gatekeepers in heterosexual relationships.

But this gatekeeper role for women doesn’t play out in real life. Men may initiate sex more frequently, but there are actually no differences between men and women in how often they refuse sex. Moreover, when long-term couples have sexual problems, men and women are equally likely to cite the same issues, ranging from sexual initiation to amount of foreplay. In other words, a sexless marriage cannot be attributed to men’s versus women’s biology alone.

research topics on marriage and divorce

This may be why the European Society for Sexual Medicine’s 2020 position statement is unequivocal: Although sexual desire has biological underpinnings, the initiation of sex and responses to sexual overtures have little to do with individuals and have much more to do with couple dynamics. Furthermore, when we categorize one person in a couple as having a low sex drive, we are ignoring the gamut of interactions that might be affecting their interest in sex. Consider, for example, how much—or how little—you’re attracted to your partner when you’re in an argument or are focusing on work or a child-rearing issue. Psychological distractions can make us turn away from romance and toward other issues occupying our headspace.

How to tackle a sexless marriage

Getting into someone’s headspace may be the key to unlocking the solution to a sexless marriage. You don’t need to change someone’s biology or even their sexual desire. Whether you’re old or young, man or woman, engaging in sex is a choice, and it’s not biology alone that determines your decision. In this sense, couple dynamics are likely both the cause and solution to the problem.

Want more physical intimacy ? Communication is key. Research tells us that people don’t like being forced to do something they don’t want to do, so undue pressure on your partner to change the frequency of sex might actually work against you.

Instead, express your desire for closeness with them, and try exploring other types of non-sexual intimacy. Foot rubs, cuddling, holding hands on the couch while watching a movie—these no-strings-attached intimate moments might help bring couples closer to sexual intimacy, or at least conversations about it. And if those non-sexual acts don’t get you where you want to be, it might be time to seek couple’s therapy .

In short, when someone isn’t choosing sex, it’s not a single person’s fault, and it’s not about male or female biology or sex drive. People in sexless relationships don’t have to just deal with it or find another sexual partner. Luckily, we have more options than your average rooster.

Elisa Ventura-Aquino, Alonso Fernández-Guasti, and Raúl G Paredes, “Hormones and the Coolidge Effect,” Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology 467 (May 2018): 42–48, doi:10.1016/j.mce.2017.09.01

Dennis F. Fiorino, Ariane Coury, and Anthony G. Phillips, “Dynamic Changes in Nucleus Accumbens Dopamine Efflux during the Coolidge Effect in Male Rats,” Journal of Neuroscience 17, no. 12 (June 1997): 4849–4855, https:// doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.17-12-04849.1997.

Margaret E Balfour, Lei Yu, and Lique M Coolen, "Sexual Behavior and Sex-Associated Environmental Cues Activate the Mesolimbic System in Male Rats," Neuropsychopharmacology 29, (2004): 718–730.

Denise A Donnely, "Sexually Inactive Marriages," The Journal of Sex Research, 30, (1993), 171-179.

Edward O Laumann, John H Gagnon, Robert T Michael, and Stuart Michaels, "The Social Organization of Sexuality: Sexual Practices in the United States," (1994). The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Amy Estill, Steven E Mock, Emily Schryer, and Richard P Eibach, "The Effects of Subjective Age and Aging Attitudes on Mid- to Late-Life Sexuality," Journal of Sex Research, 55, (2018):146-151. doi: 10.1080/00224499.2017.1293603

James K McNulty, Jessica A Maxwell, Andrea L Meltzer, and Roy F Baumeister, "Sex-Differentiated Changes in Sexual Desire Predict Marital Dissatisfaction," Archives of Sexual Behavior, 48, (2019):2473-2489. doi: 10.1007/s10508-019-01471-6.

R C Rose, "Prevalence and Risk Factors of Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women," Current Psychiatry Reports, 2, (2000):189-195. doi: 10.1007/s11920-996-0006-2.

Roy F. Baumeister, Kathleen R Catanese, and Kathleen D Vohs, "Is There a Gender Difference in Strength of Sex Drive? Theoretical Views, Conceptual Distinctions, and a Review of Relevant Evidence," Personality and Social Psychology Review, 5, (2001): 242-273.

Edward O Laumann, Anthony Paik, Raymond C Rosen, "Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors," JAMA, 281, (1999): 537-544. doi:10.1001/jama.281.6.537

E Sandra Byers and Larry Heinlein, "Predicting Initiations and Refusals of Sexual Activities in Married and Cohabiting Heterosexual Couples," The Journal of Sex Research, 26, (1989): 210-231.

Siobhan E Sutherland, Uzma S Rehman, and Erin E Fallis, "A Descriptive Analysis of Sexual 'Problems in Long-Term Heterosexual Relationships" The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 16, (2019): 701-710.

Marieke Dewitte, Joana Carvalho, Giovanni Corona, Erika Limoncin, Patrícia M. Pascoal, Yacov Reisman, and Aleksandar Štulhofer, “Sexual Desire Discrepancy: A Position Statement of the European Society for Sexual Medicine,” Sexual Medicine 8, no. 2 (June 2020): 121–131, doi:10.1016/j.esxm.2020.02.008.

Michelle Drouin Ph.D.

Michelle Drouin is a behavioral scientist and author of OUT OF TOUCH: How to Survive an Intimacy Famine (MIT Press).

  • Find a Therapist
  • Find a Treatment Center
  • Find a Psychiatrist
  • Find a Support Group
  • Find Online Therapy
  • United States
  • Brooklyn, NY
  • Chicago, IL
  • Houston, TX
  • Los Angeles, CA
  • New York, NY
  • Portland, OR
  • San Diego, CA
  • San Francisco, CA
  • Seattle, WA
  • Washington, DC
  • Asperger's
  • Bipolar Disorder
  • Chronic Pain
  • Eating Disorders
  • Passive Aggression
  • Personality
  • Goal Setting
  • Positive Psychology
  • Stopping Smoking
  • Low Sexual Desire
  • Relationships
  • Child Development
  • Self Tests NEW
  • Therapy Center
  • Diagnosis Dictionary
  • Types of Therapy

May 2024 magazine cover

At any moment, someone’s aggravating behavior or our own bad luck can set us off on an emotional spiral that threatens to derail our entire day. Here’s how we can face our triggers with less reactivity so that we can get on with our lives.

  • Emotional Intelligence
  • Gaslighting
  • Affective Forecasting
  • Neuroscience

U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

The .gov means it’s official. Federal government websites often end in .gov or .mil. Before sharing sensitive information, make sure you’re on a federal government site.

The site is secure. The https:// ensures that you are connecting to the official website and that any information you provide is encrypted and transmitted securely.

  • Publications
  • Account settings

Preview improvements coming to the PMC website in October 2024. Learn More or Try it out now .

  • Advanced Search
  • Journal List
  • HHS Author Manuscripts

Logo of nihpa

Marriage and Divorce Decline during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study of Five States

Wendy d. manning.

1 Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, OH, USA

Krista K. Payne

Associated data.

The decline in marriage and divorce was evident prior to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic, but it remains unknown whether these patterns have persisted during the pandemic. The authors compared monthly marriage and divorce counts for two years prior to the pandemic (2018 and 2019) and during the pandemic for the five states that published monthly vital statistics data for 2020 (Arizona, Florida, Missouri, New Hampshire, and Oregon). All five states witnessed initial declines in marriage. Counts of marriages in Arizona and New Hampshire rebounded. In contrast, marriage shortfalls occurred in Florida, Missouri, and Oregon. In the early pandemic months, divorces initially declined in all five states and rebounded in Arizona. In the remaining four states, divorce shortfalls have occurred. As more data become available, it will be important to acknowledge these state variations in response to the pandemic.

The U.S. marriage and divorce rates have been on a declining trajectory ( Reynolds 2020a , 2020b ), but there is limited empirical evidence about levels during the pandemic. One study revealed marriage declines from March through July using administrative data in two states and two metropolitan areas ( Wagner, Choi, and Cohen 2020 ). We expand on their work and present monthly numbers of marriages and divorces in 2018, 2019, and 2020 on the basis of provisional marriage and divorce data from the five states (Arizona, Florida, Missouri, New Hampshire, and Oregon) that published 2020 monthly vital statistics data. Our approach takes into account the state-specific declining rates of marriage and divorce observed between 2018 and 2019 to estimate expected numbers of marriages and divorces. The P score represents the rate of change in marriages and divorces (observed minus expected) relative to what would have been expected on the basis of prior declines in marriages and divorces (see Supplement ). Negative values indicate shortfalls in marriages and divorces, and positive values indicate excesses.

Panel 1 in Figure 1 shows that in each of the five states between 2018 and 2019, there were small declines in the number of marriages. In 2020 starting in March (Florida) and April (Arizona, Missouri, New Hampshire, and Oregon), there were initial decreases in the number of marriages compared with 2018 or 2019. In Florida, Missouri, and Oregon, the numbers of marriages during the pandemic (measured from March to the last month of observation) were lower in 2020 than would have been expected on the basis of the same rate of decline observed between 2018 and 2019. The P scores in these states indicate at least a 20 percent shortfall in marriages. For example, in Florida there were 28,960 (33.1 percent) fewer marriages than would have been expected if marriage had followed the typical pattern. In contrast, Arizona and New Hampshire witnessed initial declines that were then compensated by increases in marriage, reflected in their low P scores.

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is nihms-1724907-f0001.jpg

Marriage and divorce declines during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic: a case study of five states. Note: P score = (observed March to end month 2020 — expected March to end month 2020)/expected March to end month 2020. Positive values indicate excess marriages and divorces, and negative values indicate shortfalls.

Panel 2 in Figure 1 shows that in 2018 and 2019, the divorce pattern across these five states was one of slight declines mirroring the national trend. On the basis of the 2020 data across all five states, there were fewer divorces during the initial pandemic months (March, April, and May) than during the same months in 2018 or 2019. Arizona appeared to have recovered, with an uptick in divorces and a P score of 2.0 percent, indicating that there were slightly more divorces during the pandemic than expected on the basis of the prior year. Florida, Missouri, New Hampshire, and Oregon have not experienced the same rebound in divorces during the months observed in 2020. On the basis of expected divorce declines, the P scores for the available months indicated shortfalls ranging from 21.6 percent in Missouri to 36.4 percent in New Hampshire.


Although these findings represent the experiences of only five states, they provide our first opportunity to assess how the pandemic may have influenced both marriage and divorce levels. The overall pattern from March through June (data available for all five states) indicates shortfalls in marriages and divorces amounting to about 21,000 fewer marriages and 16,000 fewer divorces in these five states than would have been expected on the basis of state-level counts in March through June the prior two years. Our findings regarding decline in marriage are consistent with those of Wagner et al. (2020) , but Arizona stands out as a state that entered a nearly full marriage and divorce recovery. Although variation across states in marriage and divorce patterns is evident, the explanations are less clear. On the basis of further analysis, the state-level marriage and divorce response to the pandemic does not appear to align with political affiliation of the governor, timing of state stay-at-home or reopening policies, unemployment rates, or divorce residency requirements. More refined state-level analysis of administrative record office responses to COVID-19, gender-specific unemployment rates and economic uncertainty, or state mobility may move forward our understanding of state trends and variability. In addition, further analysis of more states will provide greater leverage on assessments of the underlying explanations for state variation in response to the pandemic. There are too few states to make firm conclusions about national trends, but if these patterns persisted across the nation, there may have been up to 339,000 fewer marriages and 190,000 fewer divorces in the United States during 2020 than expected. The larger question is whether these numbers represent marriages and divorces that were merely postponed (resulting in a recovery) or will never occur (resulting in continued declining rates). Marriage and divorce recoveries are possible in the later months of 2020 and into 2021; however, there will certainly be ripple effects of the pandemic on future marriage and divorce patterns.

Supplementary Material

Supplemental Material


The authors disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported in part by the Center for Family and Demographic Research, Bowling Green State University, which has core funding from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (P2CHD050959) and an R03 grant (R03HD103830-01).

Author Biographies

Wendy D. Manning is the Dr. Howard E. Aldrich and Penny Daum Aldrich Distinguished Professor of Sociology and codirector of the National Center for Family and Marriage Research at Bowling Green State University. She is a family demographer focusing on trends in family formation and dissolution for same-gender and different-gender couples. Her research examines social relationships and the health and well-being of children, parents, and adults in the United States.

Krista K. Payne is a social science data analyst for the National Center for Family and Marriage Research and a research affiliate of the Center for Family and Demographic Research, both at Bowling Green State University, as well as a data technician for the Henry County Health Department. Her work encompasses a broad range of topics related to marriage, family, and health throughout the life course.

Supplemental material for this article is available online.

  • Leslie Reynolds. 2020a. “ Divorce Rate in the U.S.: Geographic Variation, 2019 .” Family Profiles, FP-20–25 . Retrieved March 22, 2021. https://www.bgsu.edu/ncfmr/resources/data/family-profiles/reynolds-divorce-rate-geographic-variation-2019-fp-20-25.html .
  • Reynolds Leslie. 2020b. “ Marriage Rate in the U.S.: Geographic Variation, 2019 .” Family Profiles, FP-20–24 . Retrieved March 22, 2021. https://www.bgsu.edu/ncfmr/resources/data/family-profiles/reynolds-marriage-rate-geographic-variation-2019-fp-20-24.html .
  • Wagner Brandon G., Choi Kate H., and Cohen Philip N.. 2020. “ Decline in Marriage Associated with the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States .” Socius 6 . Retrieved March 22, 2021. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2378023120980328 . [ PMC free article ] [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ]

research topics on marriage and divorce

‘The View’s Ana Navarro Compares Jennifer Lopez To Elizabeth Taylor Amid Divorce Rumors: “She’s Addicted To Marriage”

A s rumors swirl about Jennifer Lopez and Ben Affleck‘s relationship, Ana Navarro took a moment to compare the singer to Hollywood icon Elizabeth Taylor, who was famously married eight times to seven different men.

On this morning’s episode of The View, the co-hosts weighed in on the divorce rumors surrounding Lopez and Affleck, who have reportedly not been spotted in public together in over 40 days.

“They are in love. I just know it,” Sunny Hostin said. “I know the world is on fire but true love exists. It’s still here. They love each other. Stop hating on true love because maybe you don’t have it in your life.”

Navarro added that she believes Lopez, who has been married four times, is like the “Puerto Rican Liz Taylor.”

“I think she’s addicted to marriage, to love, to being part of a couple, to romance. She’s wonderful for the marriage industry,” she said. “Remember Liz Taylor and Richard Burton were married and divorced and married again. They’re young enough — they can do this a third time.”

However, Behar didn’t think the Bennifer gossip was nearly as compelling as Taylor’s life.

“By the way, the story of Elizabeth Taylor was much juicer than this,” she said. “She then drops one husband and picks up Eddie Fisher, who was married to Debbie Reynolds at the time. I mean, it was really interesting. This is not.”

Despite her disinterest in the Hot Topics segment, Behar did have one piece of advice to offer the couple.

“When you go around shouting your love from the rooftop, it gets tricky when things don’t go well. My advice is keep your mouth shut,” she suggested. “I don’t even tell Steve I love him in public. I don’t say it in private either, but still.”

Meanwhile, Alyssa Farah Griffin acted as the voice of reason, pointing out that Affleck has been busy filming The Accountant 2 on the West Coast, while Lopez recently co-hosted the 2024 Met Gala in New York City.

“I wish them luck!” she concluded.

The View airs on weekdays at 11/10c on ABC.

‘The View’s Ana Navarro Compares Jennifer Lopez To Elizabeth Taylor Amid Divorce Rumors: “She’s Addicted To Marriage”

Britney Spears' divorce nears an end 8 months after Sam Asghari filed to dissolve marriage

research topics on marriage and divorce

Britney Spears and Sam Asghar i's divorce proceedings are nearing an end eight months after Asghari filed to divorce the singer.

According to documents filed in Los Angeles Superior Court Wednesday and obtained by USA TODAY Thursday, both parties agreed to an uncontested divorce and waived their right to a trial and an appeal of the case.

Spears' legal team also filed a response to Asghari's petition to dissolve their marriage , which agreed with the actor's request last year for a divorce due to irreconcilable differences. While Asghari's filing requested the court agree to spousal support for himself and terminate its ability to award support to Spears, the popstar pursued a route of no spousal support for either party.

Spears also said property and assets should be divided per their premarital agreement, with Spears holding on to her earnings before, during and after their marriage. Their spousal support should be ordered by the court as detailed in the former couple's written agreement, one of Wednesday's filings states.

USA TODAY has reached out to Spears and Asghari's attorneys for comment.

Need a break? Play the USA TODAY Daily Crossword Puzzle.

Britney, Jamie Spears: Father and daughter settle legal battle post-conservatorship: Reports

What Britney Spears and ex Sam Asghari have said about their divorce

Asghari, 30, filed a petition to dissolve his 14-month-old marriage to the 42-year-old pop superstar in Los Angeles County Superior Court last August. The couple, who'd met when they worked together on Spears' 2016 " Slumber Party " music video, had tied the knot in June 2022.

In March, Asghari opened up about the divorce in an interview with  People , telling the outlet it "was a blessing" to have shared his life with her "for a long time." "People grow apart and people move on," he added.

Asghari, an actor, told People he "never understood" when couples "talk badly about each other" after parting ways, so he doesn't plan to do so with Spears.

"That's something I'm never going to do because I had nothing but an amazing experience and a great life, and that's always going to be part of my life, a chapter of my life," he said.

For her part, Spears  said at the time of their split  that she was surprised by the end of her third marriage. She was previously married to  Kevin Federline , with whom she shares two sons, Sean and Jayden, from 2004 to 2007 and to Jason Alexander, a childhood friend she married in Las Vegas, for 55 hours.

"As everyone knows, Hesam and I are no longer together," Spears wrote alongside an Aug. 18 video of herself dancing in a black crop top and neon green bikini bottoms. "Six years is a long time to be with someone, so I’m a little shocked but … I’m not here to explain why because it's honestly nobody’s business !!!"

'The Woman in Me' memoir revelations: Britney Spears says Madonna pulled her through dark times

Paramedics were reportedly sent to Britney Spears' hotel

Hours after these filings were submitted to the court, according to photos published by TMZ and Entertainment Tonight , Spears was photographed leaving the West Hollywood celebrity hotspot hotel Chateau Marmont in the early hours of Thursday morning while wrapped in a blanket and holding a pillow.

According to the outlets, paramedics were called for Spears during her stay at the hotel. She seemingly addressed the incident in an Instagram post Thursday , in which she wrote, "Just to let people know ... the news is fake!!!"

The message continued, "I would like respect at this time for people to understand I am getting stronger everyday!!!" Later in the statement, Spears shared, "I also twisted my ankle last night and paramedics showed up at my door illegally. They never came in my room but I felt (completely) harassed. I'm moving to Boston!!! Peace."

Los Angeles Fire Department spokesperson Brian Humphrey confirmed to USA TODAY that someone called for paramedics to be sent to provide aid to an "injured adult female," without offering specifics on the injury, at Chateau Marmont at 12:42 a.m. Thursday. One ambulance arrived, and details about whether paramedics made contact with the unnamed woman were not available, Humphrey said.

Paramedics left at 1:17 a.m., and there was no hospital transport.

Contributing: Brendan Morrow


  1. Marriage and Divorce Statistics Nationwide (Infographic)

    research topics on marriage and divorce

  2. 101 Facts About Divorce in 2021

    research topics on marriage and divorce

  3. Views on Divorce Divide Americans

    research topics on marriage and divorce

  4. Causes Of Divorce: 13 Of The Most Common Reasons

    research topics on marriage and divorce

  5. Marriage and Divorce in America: Issues, Trends, and Controversies

    research topics on marriage and divorce

  6. Statistical Spotlight: Marriage & Divorce

    research topics on marriage and divorce


  1. Navigating modern relationships and divorce

  2. Jobs With The Highest Divorce Rates #2 🤔

  3. Marriage, Divorce and Re-Marriage

  4. Tips for couples looking to divorce

  5. Married Cheaters Exposed! #shorts #controversial

  6. A Controlling Husband


  1. 152 Divorce Topics to Discuss & Free Essay Samples

    Three Main Causes of Divorce. However, based on the character of events preceding the divorce, it is possible to single out three categories of causes such as domestic abuse, infidelity, and other types of disappointed expectations. High Divorce Rate in Society and Its Causes.

  2. Marriage & Divorce

    A record-high share of 40-year-olds in the U.S. have never been married. As of 2021, 25% of 40-year-olds in the United States had never been married, a significant increase from 20% in 2010. short readJun 12, 2023.

  3. 141 Divorce Essay Topics & Research Questions

    141 Divorce Essay Topics. Divorce is a sensitive topic, comprising many sociological, psychological, legal, and other nuances worth exploring. On this page, you'll find thought-provoking divorce topics on various aspects of this problem, such as its impact on children or its legal and cultural perspectives.

  4. When Love Hurts

    The last decades of research have consistently found strong associations between divorce and adverse health outcomes among adults. However, limitations of a majority of this research include (a) lack of "real-time" research, i.e., research employing data collected very shortly after juridical divorce where little or no separation periods have been effectuated, (b) research employing ...

  5. Pandemic Shortfall in Marriages and Divorces in the United States

    Declining U.S. marriage and divorce rates have been well documented (Reynolds 2020a, 2020b), and there is preliminary evidence these declines have persisted and possibly been exacerbated by the pandemic in at least some states (Manning and Payne 2021).We present yearly estimates of expected numbers of marriages and divorces compared with observed numbers of marriages and divorces on the basis ...

  6. Research on Divorce: Continuing Trends and New Developments

    Research on Divorce 65 1 adults. A better measure - the refined divorce rate - is the number of divorces per 1,000 married women. Nevertheless, the correlation between the crude divorce rate and the refined divorce rate between 1960 and 1996 is over.90 (author's calculations), so the crude rate is a useful proxy for the refined rate. The crude

  7. Divorce, Repartnering, and Stepfamilies: A Decade in Review

    Journal of Marriage and Family is a leading family science journal, publishing original research covering all aspects of marriage, other ... This article reviews key developments in the past decade of research on divorce, repartnering, and stepfamilies. Divorce rates are declining overall, but they remain high and have risen among people older ...

  8. The Coming Divorce Decline

    The odds of divorce in the first decade or two of marriage fell for U.S. cohorts married from 1980 to 2010 (), and the refined divorce rate—divorces per 1,000 married women—fell as well (), although problems of data comparability make that assessment less definitive.However, Kennedy and Ruggles (2014), using age-adjusted divorce rates, make a convincing case that the decline in divorce in ...

  9. Marital separation and divorce: Correlates and consequences.

    Marital separation and divorce are stressful events that can disrupt multiple aspects of family functioning and result in poor physical and mental health outcomes for both children and adults. This chapter provides a broad overview of the research literature on these topics for family psychologists. Specifically, it focuses on the demography of divorce, the correlates and consequences of ...

  10. Research on Divorce: Continuing Trends and New Developments

    Journal of Marriage and Family. Volume 72, Issue 3 p. 650-666. ... Research on divorce during the past decade has focused on a range of topics, including the predictors of divorce, associations between divorce and the well-being of children and former spouses, and interventions for divorcing couples. ...

  11. The Graying of Divorce: A Half Century of Change

    The decennial marriage and divorce reports from the U.S. Vital Statistics for 1970, 1980, and 1990 each included the annual divorce rate and the number of divorces for men and women by five-year age group, permitting us to calculate an overall gray divorce rate (aged 50 and older) as well as divorce rates for middle-aged (aged 50-64) and ...

  12. (PDF) Divorce: Trends, patterns, causes, consequences

    approaches to marriage and divorce (e.g., Becker, 1981; Becker, Landes & Michael, 1977). The benefits and costs include emotional rewards, mutual support and commitment, economic and

  13. Divorce and Health: Current Trends and Future Directions

    Thus, in the study of divorce and health, it appears that individual differences moderate many of the outcomes of interest, and that a relatively small percentage of adults - perhaps 10 to 15% - fare quite poorly when their marriage comes to an end. Recent research provides evidence to support this assertion.

  14. Divorce

    Relatively few U.S. Catholics skipped annulment because of cost or complications. Pope Francis has announced major changes to the Roman Catholic Church's procedures for marriage annulments. While the new changes are aimed at making annulments faster and less expensive, a recent Pew Research survey found that most divorced U.S. Catholics who ...

  15. 250 Marriage and Family Research Topics From Profs

    Here are trending sociology research topics on family to help you ace your papers. Unconventional family structures in the modern world. Child behaviour and the impact of parents on it. Child abuse and its long term effects. The impact of cross-racial adoption. The challenges of cross-racial adoption.

  16. The Effects of Marriage and Divorce on Families and Children

    Similarly, about half of all first marriages end in divorce, and when children are involved, many of the resulting single-parent households are poor. For example, less than 10 percent of married couples with children are poor as compared with about 35 to 40 percent of single-mother families.

  17. Marriage and Couples

    In 1996, the Gottman lab returned to intervention research with Dr. Julie Schwartz Gottman. John and Julie Gottman designed both proximal and distal change studies. In a proximal change study, one intervenes briefly with interventions designed only to make the second of two conflict discussions less divorce-prone.

  18. Divorce

    Divorce. The dissolution of a marriage is almost always an upsetting event, at the very least marked by disappointment and the loss of dreams and expectations. In addition, there are legal ...

  19. Intermarriage

    Among U.S. cohabiters, 18% have a partner of a different race or ethnicity. A half-century after the Supreme Court legalized interracial marriage in the United States, 18% of all cohabiting adults have a partner of a different race or ethnicity - similar to the share of U.S. newlyweds who have a spouse of a different race or ethnicity (17% ...

  20. Divorce and child custody

    Divorce and child custody. Divorce may influence well-being, with many individuals experiencing depression, loneliness and isolation, self-esteem difficulties, or other psychological distress. Parental divorce may also have negative effects on the psychosocial adjustment of children and adolescents. Child custody refers to the care, protection ...

  21. Dissertations / Theses: 'Marriage and divorce'

    Consult the top 50 dissertations / theses for your research on the topic 'Marriage and divorce.'. Next to every source in the list of references, there is an 'Add to bibliography' button. Press on it, and we will generate automatically the bibliographic reference to the chosen work in the citation style you need: APA, MLA, Harvard, Chicago ...

  22. 3 Key Child's Role in Divorced Families You Should Know About

    1. Balance keeper. When parents in the marriage termination process are controlled by their emotions, mostly when life in the family home feels like a rollercoaster of arguments and calm before the storm, there should be at least one person who keeps the balance in the family. And when parents malfunction with this duty, there is only a child ...

  23. What this BYU professor told the U.N. about why marriage matters

    What this BYU professor told the United Nations about why marriage and family matters. Brian Willoughby spoke to a family-focused U.N. coalition in New York City on the International Day of Families. Brian Willoughby, a School of Family Life professor at Brigham Young University, speaks during the United Nations' "The Family & the Future of ...

  24. In a Sexless Marriage, Who's to Blame?

    Key points. Millions of people worldwide are in sexless marriages. Men and women with sex problems in their relationship report similar issues, mostly related to sexual desire. Sexless marriages ...

  25. Divorce due to non- consummation of marriage : r/LegalAdviceIndia

    Legal advice: Non consummation of marriage is grounds for divorce. Almost all family courts will refer the case for meditation. So one way or another you and your husband will need to figure out a way to resolve this. Real advice: No court can force your husband to consummate your marriage. Contested divorce proceedings take a lot of time.

  26. Marriage and Divorce Decline during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case Study

    The U.S. marriage and divorce rates have been on a declining trajectory (Reynolds 2020a, 2020b), but there is limited empirical evidence about levels during the pandemic.One study revealed marriage declines from March through July using administrative data in two states and two metropolitan areas (Wagner, Choi, and Cohen 2020).We expand on their work and present monthly numbers of marriages ...

  27. PDF The Implications of Gender Differences in Retirement Plan Investment

    Plan Data Shows Some Gender Differences. Fidelity research: Women earn a slightly higher rate return, trade less frequently. TIAA research: Median contribution rate 13% M 12% W, 27% less dollars than men, much lower wealth. Vanguard research: Participation rates and elective deferral rates equal to or higher than for men of similar income ...

  28. 'The View's Ana Navarro Compares Jennifer Lopez To Elizabeth ...

    On this morning's episode of The View, the co-hosts weighed in on the divorce rumors surrounding Lopez and Affleck, who have reportedly not been spotted in public together in over 40 days ...

  29. Britney Spears, Sam Asghari's divorce nears an end after 8 months

    0:57. Britney Spears and Sam Asghar i's divorce proceedings are nearing an end eight months after Asghari filed to divorce the singer. According to documents filed in Los Angeles Superior Court ...

  30. Best Divorce Lawyers Sacramento, CA Of 2024

    He is a fellow of the American Academy of Matrimonial Lawyers. In addition to his extensive divorce and family law practice, Woodruff has lectured and authored articles on marriage dissolution topics.