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NATIONAL LIBRARY (Ministry of Culture Government of India Kolkata)

The origins of the National Library, Kolkata begins with the establishment of Calcutta Public Library on 21st March 1836. The Imperial Secretariat Library came into existence in 1981 by integrating all Secretariat Libraries. In the year 1902, the Calcutta Public Library and the Imperial Secretariat Library were amalgamated and gave way to establishment of The Imperial Library. After Independence of India, the National Library came into being in place of Imperial Library by the “Imperial Library (Change of Name) Act” in 1948. It was accorded a special status of an Institution of National Importance in the Article 62 in the 7th Schedule of the Constitution of India and was opened to Public on 1st February 1953.

The National Library serves as a permanent repository of all books, newspapers and periodicals published in India. The Library receives all publications published in the territory of India under the provisions of “the Delivery of Books and Newspapers (Public Libraries) Act, 1954”. The Act was amended in 1956 to include periodical publications, newspapers and maps within its purview

It provides all possible readers’ services for 362 days of the year. Besides reading, reference and bibliographic services, books are lent out against security deposit. It also provides microfilm/microfiche reading facilities. While inter library loan is extended, the Library acts as a Centre for International loan. Consultancy services are also provided to libraries and librarians. The Library offers internship programme to the Young Post Graduates from Library and Information Science every year. The library digitized around 80,00,000 pages (25,000 books) from old, rare, brittle and important documents of the Library, which are available to the readers through Indian Culture portal (https://indianculture.gov.in/) under Ministry of Culture, Government of India.

National Library of India: a Journey

Major functions.

  • Acquisition and conservation of all significant printed materials produced in the country to the exclusion of ephemera;
  • Collection of printed materials concerning the country wherever published and also acquisition of photographic record of such materials that are not available within the country;
  • Acquisition and conservation of manuscripts having national importance;
  • Planned acquisition of foreign materials required by the country;
  • Rendering of bibliographical and documentation service of retrospective materials, both general and specialized;
  • Acting as referral centre purveying full and accurate knowledge of all sources of bibliographical activities;
  • Provision of photocopying and reprographic services; and
  • Acting as the centre for international book exchange and international loan.

The library acquire books and publications to serve the public by way of

Under the enactment of the Delivery of Books and Newspapers (Public Library) Ac, 1954, the Government of India had facilitated the National Library to receive one copy each publication published in India

Procure publications mostly in English and in foreign languages, books published outside the country on India by the Indians or the Foreigners in whatever languages, Indian publications that were brought out before 1954 and those not available in the Library’s stock, Noble Prize Winning books, biographies of eminent personalities of the world, standard books in the languages of India’s neighbouring countries and standard works in modern European languages. The procurement of the books will be done through empanelled book sellers

The National Library also receives personal collections after duplication check and physical condition of the library. The complete details are available in the Gift & Exchange Policy of the Library

The Library is the recipient of foreign official documents, which include U.S. & British Government, Commonwealth countries and United Nations and its agencies.

Services provided by the National Library

  • The Library serves its readers 362 days of the year
  • Bibliographic Services
  • Centre for International Loan
  • Children Library for below 14 years of age
  • Consultancy & Training services to libraries and librarians
  • Document delivery service
  • Electronic catalogue service
  • Electronic document Delivery service.
  • Inter Library loan services
  • Internet services
  • Lending services
  • Library serves every citizen above 18 years of age irrespective of caste, creed or religion OPAC
  • Organizes various book exhibitions
  • Organizes various cultural activities
  • Photocopying Services
  • Reader’s cum Guest House Facilities
  • Readers’ Awareness Programme
  • Reference Services
  • Usage of e-resources awareness programme

Major projects

  • Museum of Word

The prestigious project Museum of Word has been undertaken by the National Library, a subordinate office under the Ministry of Culture, Government of India. The Library engaged a Consultancy Agency for preparation of Concept Note, Design, Detailed Project Report, etc. Basing on the same, tendering process for implementation of the said project is already taken up. Meanwhile, a Content Review Committee was constituted by the Ministry of Culture under the Chairmanship of the Director General, National Library as mentioned in the Ministry’s notification.

Museum of Word is a project of “exhibiting the multilingual oral and written diversity of Indian Languages”. The main objective of the museum is to collect, display and operate as an activity centre for all matters relating to language and the uses of language and to extend the functions of the National Library beyond its core task of aiding scholarly research for a space that is both a cultural museum and a living activity centre. The galleries look at the evolution of languages in the subcontinent along with the major linguistic trends. The museum is going to be the first of its kind in India displaying objects related to the cultural and social importance of languages going beyond just the written word and diving into a rich canon of oral traditions in the country.

The museum integrates artefacts and interactive to create dynamic activity centres. The galleries in the museum are designed to move from an exploration of known language norms through the exploration of mother tongues and focusing on the early sensory and experiential forms of learning. The narrative then moves into understanding the growth of different Indian Languages. This presents an exhaustive historical background for the growth of different languages in the country. The museum then opens into different activity zones based on oral and performative aspects of languages.

The galleries to be installed at the Museum of Word are as follows:

Other Cultural Activities

  • Events organised on the occasion of 75th Azadi ka Amrit Mahotsav


Rare Documents and Manuscripts Gallery

Rare Documents and Manuscripts Gallery

The Library Building of the National Library at Belvedere Estate

Bhasha Bhavan

Services of the Library

  • Besides reading, reference and bibliographic services, books are lent out against security deposit.
  • While inter library loan is extended, the Library acts as a Centre for International loan.
  • Readers’ Awareness Programme, Electronic catalogue service, Document delivery service, Bibliographic service, Reference service.
  • Electronic document delivery service, E-directory for e-journals
  • Microfilm / microfiche reading facilities are provided in the Library.
  • Photocopying service from publications in the stock of the Library is provided on payment
  • Consultancy & training services are provided to libraries and librarians.
  • Internet use is allowed to all members during library hours.
  • The Library serve its readers 362 days of the year. It is closed on national holidays.

Services of The Library

Major E-Resources

  • 25,000 digitized books/documents of National Library
  • 7000 academic and research journals of different disciplines from the major international publishers
  • The library has products like Jstor, Project Muse and Hein Online.
  • Oxford Bibliographies Online
  • Oxford English Dictionary of OUP
  • Cambridge Companion Online Complete Collection,
  • Shakespeare Survey Online
  • Cambridge Histories Online, Orlando: Women’s Writing of CUP,
  • Scopus of Elsevier and Assess Science of McGraw Hill
  • Early English Books Online (EEBO) containing 125000 digitized books published between 1475 to 1700 from ProQuest
  • Eighteenth Century Collection Online containing 80,000 digitized books from Gale.
  • 2.7 million full texts dissertation and thesis with 7000 added each year from 700 leading academic institutions
  • More than 10,000 titles of e-books covering all branches of knowledge

Major E-Resources

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  • Privacy Policy
  • Copyright Policy
  • Hyperlinking Policy
  • Accessibility Statement
  • Web Information Leader/Manager
  • Current Tender
  • Archives Tender
  • Current National Award Scheme
  • Archives National Award Scheme

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Essay on Library: 100, 200 and 250 Words

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essay on library

A Library is a place where students and people interested in reading books visit very often. It constitutes several collections of books of variable genres to please the reader. The library is the in-person source of information. It is an easily accessible place for students and raiders. Every school and college has a library with multiple books. Besides that, it is economical for the students. This article will provide an essay on library for students and children studying in schools. Enjoy Reading.

This Blog Includes:

Sample essay on library, 100 words essay on library, 200-250 words essay on library.

Also Read: English Essay Topics

Also Read: How to Write an Essay in English

Also Read: Librarian Course

Also Read: Essay on Peace for School Students

The library is an important place for the community. It includes books, newspapers, magazines, manuscripts, DVDs, and more such informational sources. It plays a significant role in the kid’s learning phase. Despite the advancement in technology , the library still plays a critical role in everyone’s life. One can borrow books from the library. There are two types of libraries one is a private library that is controlled by the school and college authorities, whereas the other is a public library that is open to all. 

Also Read: Library Science Colleges in India

Also Read: Essay on Gaganyaan

A library is a place where books belonging to different subjects and genres are stored. My school also has a very big library next to the computer lab. Our timetable is designed in such as format that we could visit the library twice a week and explore books apart from our syllabus. This practice of visiting and exploring books in the library induces a habit of reading in all the students.

My school library has autobiographies, picture books, comics, novels, fictional books, books on culture, art, and craft, and many other materials. Students can borrow the desirable book to read for one week and then, on a specific date we need to return that book to the school library.  Thus, the library teaches us the value and importance of books and inculcates the habit of reading and imparting knowledge.

Also Read: Bachelor of Library Science

The library is the place where people come together to learn and gain knowledge. Books are arranged on large bookshelves. Books belonging to similar genres are arranged on the same shelf by the librarian. The librarian is in charge of the library.

Some libraries have digital software to keep track of books issued and received to and from the library. Owing to technological advances, books are nowadays available on online platforms. Readers can read the book on apps like Kindle. But still, the library has its role, it is easily accessible plus it will provide a trustworthy source of information. 

Good raiders prefer books to read in their physical form as they cherish the quality of pages, type of writing , and the authenticity of book covers. Thus, the library plays an important role in the student’s as well as adults’ life.

Every school allots specific hours for students to visit and read books from the library so that they can induce reading habits from childhood itself. Students also refer to books from the library to complete their assignments or summer vacation homework. 

There are set rules and regulations of the library. Generally, we are not allowed to talk so that readers won’t get distracted and lose their pace of reading. Besides that, if any book issued from the library gets misplaced, damaged, or lost from the borrower then, he/she has to pay a fine to the librarian. 

Thus, the library is an excellent resource for books that spread knowledge and information along with entertainment . 

Also Read: History of English Literature

A. The library plays a critical part in every individual starting from the school itself. It helps in developing the overall personality because reading books and gaining knowledge help people to make a good career.

A. Include points like what is a library, why books are important, and the importance of a library in the life of students and children. Divide your essay into three parts introduction, body, and conclusion. End the concluding paragraph on a positive note. 

This was all about an essay on library. The skill of writing an essay comes in handy when appearing for standardized language tests, thinking of taking one soon? Leverage Live provides the best online test prep for the same. Register today and if you wish to study abroad then contact our experts at 1800572000 .

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Essay on Library and Its Uses for Students and Children

500 words essay on library and its uses.

A library is a place where books and sources of information are stored. They make it easier for people to get access to them for various purposes. Libraries are very helpful and economical too. They include books, magazines, newspapers, DVDs, manuscripts and more. In other words, they are an all-encompassing source of information.

Essay on Library and Its Uses

A public library is open to everyone for fulfilling the need for information. They are run by the government, schools , colleges, and universities. The members of the society or community can visit these libraries to enhance their knowledge and complete their research.

Importance of Libraries

Libraries play a vital role in providing people with reliable content. They encourage and promote the process of learning and grasping knowledge. The book worms can get loads of books to read from and enhance their knowledge. Moreover, the variety is so wide-ranging that one mostly gets what they are looking for.

Furthermore, they help the people to get their hands on great educational material which they might not find otherwise in the market. When we read more, our social skills and academic performance improves.

Most importantly, libraries are a great platform for making progress. When we get homework in class, the libraries help us with the reference material. This, in turn, progresses our learning capabilities and knowledge. It is also helpful in our overall development.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

Uses of Library

A library is a very useful platform that brings together people willing to learn. It helps us in learning and expanding our knowledge. We develop our reading habits from a library and satisfy our thirst and curiosity for knowledge. This helps in the personal growth of a person and development.

Similarly, libraries provide authentic and reliable sources of information for researchers. They are able to complete their papers and carry out their studies using the material present in a library. Furthermore, libraries are a great place for studying alone or even in groups, without any disturbance.

Moreover, libraries also help in increasing our concentration levels. As it is a place that requires pin drop silence, a person can study or read in silence. It makes us focus on our studies more efficiently. Libraries also broaden our thinking and make us more open to modern thinking.

Most importantly, libraries are very economical. The people who cannot afford to buy new books and can simply borrow books from a library. This helps them in saving a lot of money and getting information for free.

In short, libraries are a great place to gain knowledge. They serve each person differently. They are a great source of learning and promoting the progress of knowledge. One can enjoy their free time in libraries by reading and researching. As the world has become digitized, it is now easier to browse through a library and get what you are looking for. Libraries also provide employment opportunities to people with fair pay and incredible working conditions.

Thus, libraries help all, the ones visiting it and the ones employed there. We must not give up on libraries due to the digital age. Nothing can ever replace the authenticity and reliability one gets from a library.

FAQs on Library and Its Uses

Q.1 Why are libraries important?

A.1 Libraries help in the overall development of a person. They provide us with educational material and help enhance our knowledge.

Q.2 State some uses of the library.

A.2 A library is a great platform which helps us in various things. We get the reference material for our homework. Research scholars get reliable content for their papers. They increase our concentration levels as we read there in peace.

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National Library

National Library

Records Available In: English, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu, Foreign Languages: Arabic and Persian, East Asian Languages, Germanic Languages, Slavonic Langu


The National Library came into being in the place of the Imperial Library by the Imperial Library (Change of Name) Act in 1948. It was accorded the special status of an Institution of National Importance by Article 62 of the 7th Schedule of the Union List of the Constitution of India and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the then Union Minister of Education opened the library to the public on 1st February 1953. The origin of the National Library is traced to the former Calcutta Public Library. Established in the first half of the 19th century, it was opened to the public on 21st March 1836. The Calcutta Public Library was subsequently merged with the Imperial Library and combining the collection of a number of secretariat libraries, the Imperial Library was opened to the public on January 1903. The National Library, Kolkata is the National Library of India and the National Repository. It is also a legal deposit library of India, where books published in the country are deposited under Delivery of Books Act, 1954.

write an essay on national library of india



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Library in India

Libraries in india: enriching minds and empowering communities.

Introduction : Libraries have been an integral part of India’s rich intellectual and cultural heritage for centuries. With a diverse literary tradition and a deep-rooted appreciation for knowledge, libraries in India hold a significant place in society. This article explores the role of libraries in India, their historical significance, challenges faced, and the transformative impact they have on education, research, and community development.

I. Historical Significance of Libraries in India

a) Ancient Libraries: India boasts a long history of libraries, with some dating back to ancient times. The renowned Nalanda and Taxila universities were home to vast repositories of knowledge, attracting scholars from around the world. These institutions played a pivotal role in the exchange of ideas and the preservation of ancient texts.

b) Royal Libraries: During the medieval period, Indian rulers established grand libraries in their palaces. The libraries of the Mughals, such as the Library of Akbar in Fatehpur Sikri, housed rare manuscripts, scientific treatises, and literary works, promoting intellectual pursuits and cultural exchange.

II. Types of Libraries in India

a) National Libraries: India is home to esteemed national libraries like the National Library of India in Kolkata and the Central Secretariat Library in Delhi. These institutions house vast collections of books, manuscripts, and archival materials, serving as repositories of the nation’s intellectual heritage.

b) Public Libraries: Public libraries play a crucial role in providing access to knowledge and information for all sections of society. They serve as community hubs, offering a wide range of books, newspapers, magazines, and digital resources. Public libraries are often equipped with reading rooms and spaces for educational and cultural activities.

c) Academic Libraries: Academic libraries are an integral part of educational institutions, supporting research, teaching, and learning. They provide students and faculty with access to scholarly resources, research journals, and databases. Academic libraries also offer specialized collections in various disciplines, fostering intellectual growth and innovation.

III. Challenges and Initiatives

a) Infrastructure and Funding: Many libraries in India face challenges related to inadequate infrastructure, lack of modern facilities, and limited financial resources. However, various government and non-governmental initiatives aim to address these issues by providing funding, infrastructure development, and capacity building programs.

b) Digital Transformation: Libraries in India are embracing digital transformation to enhance access and reach. Efforts are being made to digitize rare manuscripts, historical documents, and cultural artifacts, making them accessible to a wider audience. Digital libraries and online platforms enable users to access e-books, research papers, and educational resources from anywhere.

IV. Impact of Libraries on Education and Community Development

a) Education and Literacy: Libraries in India have a profound impact on education and literacy. They provide students with essential resources, reference materials, and study spaces. Many libraries also offer programs to promote reading habits among children and adults, fostering a love for books and enhancing language skills.

b) Research and Innovation: Academic libraries contribute significantly to research and innovation in India. They support scholars, scientists, and researchers by providing access to scholarly journals, databases, and research tools. Libraries also organize seminars, workshops, and conferences to facilitate knowledge sharing and collaboration.

c) Community Engagement: Libraries serve as vibrant community centers, organizing cultural events, workshops, and exhibitions. They promote social cohesion by hosting book clubs, storytelling sessions, and language classes. Libraries also play a role in preserving local history and heritage, becoming catalysts for community development.


Libraries in India are invaluable assets, serving as gateways to knowledge, catalysts for education, and drivers of community development. Despite challenges, they continue to play a pivotal role in nurturing intellectual growth, promoting literacy, and preserving cultural heritage. The transformative impact of libraries

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National Digital Library of India

Topics covered:
  • e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

What to study?

For Prelims and Mains: NMEICT and NDLI- key features and significance.

Context : Union Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has launched National Digital Library of India project .

What is it? 

National Digital Library of India (NDLI) is a project of the Ministry of Human Resource Development under the aegis of National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) .

It is developed by IIT Kharagpur .

Objective : The objective of NDL is to make digital educational resources available to all citizens of the country to empower, inspire and encourage learning.

  • NDL is the Single Window Platform that collects and collates metadata from premier learning institutions in India and abroad, as well as other relevant sources.
  • It is a digital repository containing textbooks, articles, videos, audio books, lectures, simulations, fiction and all other kinds of learning media.
  • It makes quality learning resources available to all learners and has 1.7 Crore content from more than 160 sources, in over 200 languages.


  • The National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has been envisaged as  a Centrally Sponsored Scheme to leverage the potential of ICT, in teaching and learning process for the benefit of all the learners in Higher Education Institutions in any time anywhere mode.
  • The Mission has two major components – providing connectivity, along with provision for access devices, to institutions and learners; and content generation.

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  • The Mission aims to extend computer infrastructure and connectivity to over 25000 colleges and 2000 polytechnics in the country including each of the departments of 419 universities/deemed universities and institutions of national importance as a part of its motto to provide connectivity up to last mile.
  • LAN of up to 400 nodes on average has also been envisaged to be provided to the universities under the NMEICT scheme. The Mission, in addition to utilize the connectivity network of service providers, shall explore the possibility to provide connectivity utilizing Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT), Virtual Private Network (VPN) and EduSat channels.

Sources: pib.

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National Digital Library

Empowering the youth with limitless access to a diverse collection of educational content, fostering a love for reading and lifelong learning.

The National Digital Library of India (NDLI) is a digital initiative by the Ministry of Education, Government of India. Its primary goal is to provide access to a vast collection of digital resources and academic content from various educational institutions and cultural organizations across India. The NDLI aims to facilitate learning and research by making a wide range of materials available to students, researchers, and educators throughout the country.


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