collage of photos showing the center facilities

Writing at the Graduate Level

Personal statements.

2 Law School Personal Statements That Succeeded ( Ilana Kowarski , U.S. News & World Report) An article that discusses successful personal statements for law school.

10 tips for writing a grad school personal statement (Billie Streufert, USA Today) “While you cannot change your grade point average or entrance exam scores, you have complete control over the contents of your personal statement. There are many applicants and few spots, so work diligently to persuade readers that you fit their program given your qualifications, interests and professional goals. Use the tips below to prepare and refine your essay.”

Advice for Writing Personal Statements (George Mason University, The Writing Center) A list of rhetorical questions to ask yourself when preparing a personal statement.

Writing a Personal Statement (Binghamton University, Fleishman Center for Career and Professional Development) (PDF) Includes strategies for focusing your essay, prewriting questions, resources, and tips.

Writing the Personal Statement (Purdue OWL) “This handout provides information about writing personal statements for academic and other positions.” It includes rhetorical questions to ask yourself before you begin writing and helpful advice. The following sections are also excellent resources:

  • Advice from Admissions Representatives Read about what admissions officers from different colleges say they’re looking for in an admissions essay or statement.
  • Examples of Successful Statements Two personal statement examples that can serve as resources for writers composing their own personal statements.
  • Personal Statement: Top 10 Rules and Pitfalls As the title suggests, this source lists some “dos” and “don’ts” for writing a personal statement.

Write Your Personal Statement (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, The Career Center) Provides tips for writing personal statements.

Writing Your Medical School Personal Statement (The Princeton Review) A brief list of tips for writing a personal statement when you’re applying to medical school.

Writing Your Personal Statement (University of Delaware, Career Center) An overview of writing personal statements with general tips, a suggested process, self-reflective questions, and a list of “dos” and “don’ts.”


Introduction to Graduate Writing (Dr. Emily Heady, Liberty University Graduate Writing Center) “Some characteristics of good graduate-level writing remain consistent across disciplinary boundaries. This workbook is designed to give students practice in these areas, which include the following:

  • Punctuation
  • Logic and Organization
  • Critical Thinking
  • Diction and vocabulary
  • Research Writing

In addition, this workbook will give students limited practice in discipline-specific skills such as citation.”

Do’s and Don’ts of Graduate Writing (Debra Davenport, Purdue University) A handy article listing expectations of graduate-level writing.

Graduate Student Writing Resources (Portland University, Writing Center) Here you’ll learn about the differences between undergraduate and graduate-level writing, research, language use, documentation, and integrating evidence.

Temple University Harrisburg Guide To Graduate Level Writing (Temple University; retrieved from Utica College Resources for Graduate Students) (PowerPoint Presentation Download) This PowerPoint presentation provides students with a way to approach writing a 10-12-page paper, from finding a topic to making final edits. It also includes information on making sentence-level revision, with emphases on the following topics: clarity, semantics, positive phrases, subordination, parallel structure, and paragraph construction. Finally, the presentation offers a brief overview of APA citations.


How to Read a Primary Source (University of Iowa, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences: History) This source provides a series of critical thinking questions to help you analyze a primary source based on its purpose, argument, presuppositions, epistemology, and relationship to other texts.

Research Using Primary Sources (University of Maryland, University Libraries) Primary, secondary and tertiary sources are explained with definitions and examples. Included on this page you will also find a short video detailing specific criteria for evaluating sources.

A Source’s Role in Your Paper (Harvard College Writing Program) “When you begin to draft your paper, you will need to decide what role each of your sources will play in your argument. In other words, you will need to figure out what you’re going to do with the source in your paper. As you consider what role each source will play in your paper, you should begin by thinking about the role that source played in your research process.” This source offers “a list of questions to help you decide how you’re going to use each of your sources.”

What are Primary Sources? (Yale University) Primary Sources at Yale divides primary sources into the following categories, with detailed explanations and tools for finding sources within each category: Books and Pamphlets, Serials, Government Documents, Manuscript and Archival Material, Maps, Realia/Artifacts, Tablets, Visual Materials, Music, Sound Recordings, Oral History and Dissertations.

What Are You Supposed To Do With Sources? (Harvard College Writing Program) Identifying useful sources is an important part of the research process, but it is equally important to understand how to use these sources effectively in your paper. This source details how to consider your sources in the context of your central research question, discipline, and scope of your paper.

What is Primary Research and How Do I Get Started? (Purdue OWL) “Primary research involves collecting data about a given subject directly from the real world. This section includes information on what primary research is, how to get started, ethics involved with primary research and different types of research you can do. It includes details about interviews, surveys, observations, and analysis.”


Common Problems with IRB Applications (Montclair State University, IRB) The Montclair State University IRB has compiled a list of common issues with applications they review. Here is a list of these issues and a description of the measures you can take when completing your application to avoid them.

How do I improve my consent’s “readability”, or lower its “reading level”? (Montclair State University, IRB) (PDF) This document explains how to test your document’s readability according to the Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level and the steps you can take to improve its readability.

Identifying and Avoiding Bias in Research (Christopher J. Pannucci and Edwin G. Wilkins, National Center for Biotechnology Information) In the second section of this article, “Pre-trial bias,” you can learn about “the importance of clearly defining both risk and outcome, the necessity of standardized protocols for data collection, and the concepts of selection and channeling bias.” Clearly defining, acknowledging, and/or avoiding non-intentional bias in your research design will help you submit a well-planned and thorough IRB application.

Montclair State University: Institutional Review Board (Montclair State University, IRB) “The purpose of this website is to provide investigators and the research community at the University with the information and materials that are needed to obtain IRB approval of research that involves human participants.”

Readable Readability is a measure of how easy a piece of text is to read. It can include elements of complexity, familiarity, legibility and typography. Readability formulas usually look at factors like sentence length, syllable density and word familiarity as part of their calculations.

Tips to Reduce IRB Application Turnaround Time (The University of Mississippi) These tips from the University of Mississippi include some best practices for all researchers submitting IRB applications.


Graduate School Papers and You (Tara Kuther, Thought Co.) Kuther explains the importance of recognizing short papers in graduate school as furthering scholarly exploration, creating opportunities for constructive feedback, improving writing skills, and preparing for a thesis or dissertation.

Writing Tips for PhD Students (John H. Cochrane, University of Chicago) (PDF) Cochrane offers tips for PhD students who are organizing, writing, and presenting seminar papers. Although he focuses mostly on business writing, much of his advice can be useful for all postgraduate writers.


Abstracts (UNLV Writing Center) (PDF) This page defines what an abstract is providing samples.

How Theses Get Written: Some Cool Tips (Steve Easterbrook, University of Toronto) (PDF) These presentation slides offer tips for writing your thesis and insights into how your examiner/advisor might review or comment on your work.

How to Organize your Thesis (John W. Chinneck, Carleton University) This page highlights the importance of graduate research, offers a generic thesis structure, and provides some suggestions for writing your thesis.

Prospectus Writing (Yale Poorvu Center for Teaching and Learning) This site includes guidelines and links to prospectus examples from different disciplines.

Resources for Dissertators (University of Wisconsin – Madison, The Writing Center) “This page lists some useful books and websites for graduate students working on dissertations.”

Time Management Tips for Dissertation Writing (Elizabeth Gritter, UNC Chapel Hill; Retrieved from The Southern Association for Women Historians) (PDF) In this handout, Gritter presents time management strategies for people who are writing their dissertations.

Writing a Literature Review (Purdue Owl) “A literature review is a document or section of a document that collects key sources on a topic and discusses those sources in conversation with each other (also called synthesis). The lit review is an important genre in many disciplines, not just literature (i.e., the study of works of literature such as novels and plays). When we say “literature review” or refer to “the literature,” we are talking about the research (scholarship) in a given field. You will often see the terms “the research,” “the scholarship,” and “the literature” used mostly interchangeably.”

Writing and Presenting Your Thesis or Dissertation (S. Joseph Levine, Michigan State University) “Instead of examining such aspects as identifying appropriate sample size, field testing the instrument and selecting appropriate statistical tests, this guide looks at many of the quasi-political aspects of the process. Such topics as how to select a supportive committee, making a compelling presentation of your research outcomes and strategies for actually getting the paper written are discussed.”

Writing the Thesis (Mark C. Griffin, San Francisco State University) (PDF) “This guide is designed to give you a procedural outline for working on your thesis. Every thesis project will have special considerations that are not covered here. You should consult with your committee early and frequently to resolve how to handle these special considerations.” The format and documentation of your project will vary based upon your school and discipline.

The Grumpy Economist

John Cochrane's blog

Saturday, November 22, 2014

Writing compactly, 12 comments:.

writing tips for phd students john cochrane

No need to write a paper if you can make your point in a tweet. Except that tweets don't build a good CV )-;

writing tips for phd students john cochrane

Very good advice. Unless you're being paid by the word (as with some famous 19th century authors), in which case "never use 1 word when 10 will do". :-)

writing tips for phd students john cochrane

In my salad days, I was a corporation lawyer. I had a client who absolutely refused to read anything I sent him that was more than one page long. Further he insisted that the page have generous margins and the writing be set forth in a series of "bullet points" (i.e. like a power point slide). And, he had zero tolerance for jargon. Keeping him happy was quite a challenge, but I learned a lot about how to be concise and communicative.

Prof Cochrane - did you, in the past, post a 4 page paper on using the language/ methodology of software programming to describe economic modelling? If so, would you mind posting a link to it on your blog? Thanks.

writing tips for phd students john cochrane

The advice for journalists and economic commentators working for newspapers is of course the direct opposite of the above. I.e. if you can take a simple point and turn it into a thousand words of impressive sounding hot air and waffle, you’ll be guaranteed a secure job and decent pay with some newspaper.

writing tips for phd students john cochrane

There are few points worth making that cannot be made in 250 words. Many concepts could have been a brilliant essay but instead became a mediocre 350 page book.

writing tips for phd students john cochrane

Smaller point but I used your conclusion in a discussion this fall "May economists falsely think of themselves as scientists who just “write up” research. We are not" just a typo (many) worth fixing while you're at it. Thanks for the wonderful advice!!!!

writing tips for phd students john cochrane

Yeah. "Fix typos before you release anything" is more good advice in the "do as I say don't do as I do" category.

Please share more content.

I am a student and that post is very useful for me.

It must be done through some efficient ideas.

Comments are welcome. Keep it short, polite, and on topic. Thanks to a few abusers I am now moderating comments. I welcome thoughtful disagreement. I will block comments with insulting or abusive language. I'm also blocking totally inane comments. Try to make some sense. I am much more likely to allow critical comments if you have the honesty and courage to use your real name.

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  • PhD Resources

Resources for PhD Students

Are you ready for PhD?

  • The complete guide to getting into an economics PhD program (by Miles Kimball)
  • Should you do a PhD? (by Daniel K. Sokol)
  • So, you want to go to a grad school in economics? (by Ceyhun Elgin and Mario Solis-Garcia)
  • Professional advice for applying to grad school in economics (by Susan Athey)
  • How to survive your first year of graduate school in economics (by Matthew Pearson)

Safeguard your Mental Health and Wellbeing

  • Mental Health, Bullying, Career Uncertainty (by Colleen Flaherty)
  • Grad school depression almost took me to the end of the road—but I found a new start (by Francis Aguisanda)
  • Panic and a PhD (by Jack Leeming)
  • How mindfulness can help Ph.D. students deal with mental health challenges (by Katie Langin)
  • Managing Your Mental Health as a PhD Student (by Joanna Hughes)
  • What Makes It So Hard to Ask for Help? (by Joan Rosenberg)
  • There’s an awful cost to getting a PhD that no one talks about (by Jennifer Walker)
  • Faking it (by Chris Woolston)

Start your Research

  • How to get started on research in economics? (by Steve Pischke)
  • Ph.D. Thesis Research: Where do I Start? (by Don Davis)
  • How to build an economic model in your spare time (by Hal R. Varian)
  • Doing research (by Paul Niehaus)

Best Practices for Coding and File Organization

  • Code and Data for the Social Sciences: A Practitioner’s Guide (by Matthew Gentzkow and Jesse M. Shapiro)
  • Coding for Economists: A Language-Agnostic Guide to Programming for Economists (by Ljubica Ristovska)
  • Stata Coding Guide (by Julian Reif)
  • Data science for economists (by Grant McDermott)

Replicability and Interpretation

  • Data and Code Guidance by Data Editors (by Lars Vilhuber)
  • Is a Replicability Crisis on the Horizon for Environmental and Resource Economics (by Paul Ferraro and Pallavi Shukla)
  • 1,500 scientists lift the lid on reproducibility (by Monya Baker)
  • What is the question (by Jeffery Leek and Roger Peng)
  • Twenty tips for interpreting scientific claims (by William Sutherland, David Spiegelhalter and Mark Burgman)

Writing Skills and Tips

  • Writing tips for PhD students (by John H. Cochrane)
  • Writing Tips For Economics Research Papers (by Plamen Nikolov)
  • The Ten Most Important Rules of Writing Your Job Market Paper (by Claudia Goldin and Lawrence Katz)
  • Writing Papers: A Checklist (by Michael Kremer)
  • Aphorisms on Writing, Speaking, and Listening (by Eric Rasmusen)
  • Writing a Dissertation (by David Levine)
  • The Introduction Formula (by Keith Head)
  • Between the Introduction and the Conclusion: The "Middle Bits" Formula for Applied Papers (by Marc F. Bellemare)
  • The Conclusion Formula (by Marc F. Bellemare)

Presentation Skills and Tips

  • How to Give an Applied Micro Talk (by Jesse M. Shapiro)
  • Tips on how to avoid disaster in presentations (by Monika Piazzesi)
  • How to Present Results (by David Levine)
  • Public Speaking for Academic Economists (by Rachael Meager)

Peer Review and Grantsmanship

  • Q&A with Larry Katz, editor of QJE (by Berk Özler and David McKenzie)
  • How to Write an Effective Referee Report and Improve the Scientific Review Process (by Jonathan Berk, Campell Harvey and David Hirshleifer)
  • Preparing a Referee Report:Guidelines and PerspectivesE (by Jonathan Berk, Campell Harvey and David Hirshleifer)
  • Navigating Peer Review (by Chris Barrett)
  • All Things Grants (by Chris Barrett)

Getting Ready for Job Market

  • A Guide and Advice for Economists on the U.S. Junior Academic Job Market 2018-2019 edition (by John Cawley)
  • Economics Job Market Advice
  • Tips for Job Market (by David Laibson)
  • Looking for a Faculty Position? Agricultural Economics vs Economics (by Jason Lusk)
  • Scrambling for Economists: The Ph.D. Job Search (by Jessie Romero)
  • Going on the Job Market (by David Levine)
  • So you want to build an academic website? (by Kevin H. Wilson)
  • Thread of advice on econ job market CV's! (by Sarah Jacobson)
  • Economist Jobs Outside Academia
  • Interview with AEA Ombudsperson Leto Copeley
  • Non-Profit Jobs

© 2024 Charles H. Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management

writing tips for phd students john cochrane

e-mail   about   personal  

Regarding e-mail : The place for application-related questions is a discussion board. Clarification in regard to rankings can usually be found in the methodology section.

Advance apologies to the many friendly people who e-mail me with suggestions; I'm slow to respond nowadays. My research and the job market have priority.

* U Melbourne

Updates : 04/10: (TM) This site has moved from to! Thanks to all who have helped. Also, the site is now mantained by members of the TestMagic community, although don't expect many changes, at least not soon. Feel free to email if you have any suggestions, or do so at the TestMagic boards. The current administrator can be contacted at tm[dot]untitled^at^yahoo(dot)com 04/07: (CR) On a personal note, I’ve accepted a lectureship at the University of Queensland . The department is less known internationally than my main competing offer, but hired outstanding senior professors in micro theory last year and is quickly becoming recognized as Australia ’s top research department, certainly in micro theory.

I’m already teaching at UQ as of February, so even less time gets committed to maintaining But an update of the rankings is still on the cards for 2008, given the wide interest – I will seek funding to hire research assistants.

More on Getting There in Economics:

  • Matthew Pearson 's (UC Davis) guide to Surviving the First-Year of grad school.
  • On a related theme, Survive, Then Thrive , an empirical paper on grad school success.
  • John Cochrane 's ( Chicago ) recommendations for academic writing: Writing Tips for PhD Students .
  • John Creedy 's ( Melbourne ) introduction to the publishing process: From Manuscript to Publication .
  • Harvard's Information for Graduate Students on the Job Market .
  • John Cawley 's (Cornell) manual A Guide and Advice for Economists on the US Junior Academic Job Market .
  • Hisham Foad 's ( San Diego State ) job-landing guide Memoirs of a Job Market Candidate .
  • Paul Oyer (Stanford) on the luck factor in career success: The Macro-Foundations of Microeconomics: Initial Labor Market Conditions and Long-Term Outcomes for Econmoists and MBAs .
  • Job Market Rumors and the Interview / Flyout and Offer wikis, run by mysterious benefactor “Tatonnement.”

Writing tips for PhD Students by John H. Cochrane


Writing tips for PhD

by John H. Cochrane

1. 弄清楚你文章的一个核心的创新贡献,把它写在第一段。和对你所写的一切东西一样,这一段必须写得具体,把这个核心结果的内容讲解释清楚。

2. 你需要花一些脑筋来提炼出你的核心贡献。它可能会很痛苦,因为你会开始意识到自己需要丢弃很多非核心的东西。

3. 你的读者非常忙,也非常没有耐心。没有读者会把整个文章从头读到尾,他们会略读,而你必须让他们略读起来也不吃力,大部分读者想知道你最基本的结果。

4. 用「金字塔」或者「新闻报导」的方式组织论文的架构,不要像写笑话或者小说。

5. 绝大部分学术专题讲座做错了——总是在讲座的最后五分钟,文章的最后一页,或者最后一个表里才表述出文章的核心贡献。

6. 一篇好文章不是一个你自己探索经历的日记:没有人在意你是怎么得到这些正确结果,也不会有人在意你尝试的一百个没有用的方法。

7. 摘要:大部分期刊允许100-150词,从现在开始遵守这一规则。和其他部分一样,摘要必须是具体的。讲你发现了什么,而不是你正在探索什么。(*注:译者医学专业,大部分期刊可以允许200-350词)。

8. 引言(Introduction)应该以你在这篇文章里做了什么,也就是主要贡献作为开头。你必须解释这个贡献来让读者明白。不要只是陈述你的结论。

9. 解释过你的贡献以后,你可以写一个简短的文献综述。对你引用的文献尽量大度些。你没必要用指责其他人做的都是错误的方式来让你的方法和改进看起来有趣。

10. 文献综述基本上有已经都比较固定的写法。它的主要作用是让你的文章和最新近的两篇类似文章做出区别,并且对一些重要的人贡献做出肯定,以免你应用的他们的观点看上去像是你自己文章的创新之处。

11. 文章主体:你的任务是尽快写到你的核心结果。很多论文做得正好相反:它们写了很长的研究动机,很长的文献回顾,很大很复杂的模型最终被忽略,描述性的统计数字,初步的结果,一点两点片面的讨论最后“表格12”,到那个时候我们都已经睡着了。

12. 有一个规则是:在主要结论之前,不要写任何一个读者不需要通过它来理解主要结论的东西。

13. 用主要结果开始。不要做热身练习,充分的数据说明(对我们熟知的数据库),初步的测试,对他人工作的重复。不要对你失败的工作里的具体说明作任何动机解释。如果这些中有任何重要的内容,把它放到后面的附录里好了。

14. 在你的主要结果后面加上图表和表格并给出解释,说明这个结果是数据中非常有规律事实的有力特征。

15. 结论:结论应该很短也很好看。不要重复你所有的发现。在摘要里一次,引言里一次,主体里一次已经足够了!你可以加一两小段承认不足之处,并且提示这篇文章之上的引申义。注意让它们够短——不要把你写满未来研究计划的科研经费申请书写在这,并且不要随意猜想,读者希望知道你的事实,而非你的个人臆见。

16. 附录: 附录是一个很好的工具。把那些对你自己很有意义的对文献的评价,描述和检验都放在附录里吧。你可以总结你在文章里做的所有事。


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    writing tips for phd students john cochrane

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    writing tips for phd students john cochrane



  2. How to improve your academic writing , part 2

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  1. Writing tips for PhD students

    Writing tips for PhD students — John H. Cochrane Notes May 2005. Some tips on how to write academic articles. Do as I say, not as I do. Chinese Translation, 2013. (Original source of chinese translation. Thanks to Shihe Fu) Read More >

  2. PDF Writing Tips for Ph. D. Students

    1 Organization Figure out the one central and novel contribution of your paper. Write this down in one paragraph. As with all your writing, this must be concrete. Don't write "I analyzed data on executive compensation and found many interesting results." Explain what the central results are.

  3. PDF Writing Tips for Ph. D. Students

    Writing Tips for Ph. D. Students JohnH.Cochrane12 GraduateSchoolofBusiness UniversityofChicago 5807S.Woodlawn ChicagoIL60637. 7737023059. [email protected]

  4. Writing Group

    Writing group webpage. John Cochrane Winter/Spring 2014. Writing tips for PhD students. Our main goal will be to apply (and maybe improve on) these principles. The Rhetoric of Economics Deirdre McCloskey. Economical Writing Deirdre McCloskey. Thurber's version of a night before Christmas in the Hemingway style.

  5. PDF Writing

    Writing John H. Cochrane Hoover Institution, Stanford University and NBER August 1, 2022 1/7. General I You are a writer. I All writing is editing. Hence rules, many negative. Study, choose, develop, apply your own rules. I Who is your reader? What do they know? What do they want?

  6. Writing at the Graduate Level

    Writing Tips for PhD Students (John H. Cochrane, University of Chicago) (PDF) Cochrane offers tips for PhD students who are organizing, writing, and presenting seminar papers. Although he focuses mostly on business writing, much of his advice can be useful for all postgraduate writers. WRITING YOUR THESIS, PROSPECTUS OR DISSERTATION

  7. PDF Writing Tips for PhD Theses

    Karl Whelan School of Economics, UCD October 15, 2010 Writing Skills: More Important Than You Think What makes a good thesis? Forget about objectivity—beauty is in the eye of the beholder. A good thesis is one that readers think is good. So, you need to explain well what you are doing to somebody else Your ideas and results won't sell themselves.

  8. Doctoral Students

    John Cochrane's "Writing Tips for PhD Students" - Sneak Peek Financial Management 's Author Toolkit - NEW! Career & Teaching Guidance Understand new teaching strategies, incorporating software technology into courses and learning styles with resources to help you successfully fulfill your teaching responsibilities. Other topics include:

  9. The Grumpy Economist: Writing compactly

    John Cochrane's blog. Saturday, November 22, 2014. Writing compactly A correspondent sends a suggested edit of a part of my writing tips for PhD students With markup. Keep it short. Keep the paper as short as possible. Be concise. Every word must count.

  10. Shanjun Li: PhD Resources

    Writing tips for PhD students (by John H. Cochrane)

  11. Writing Tips for Ph. D. Students

    Writing Tips for Ph. D. Students Discover the world's research No file available Request file PDF Citations (1) References (0) ... Many students are taught that they are scientists that "write...

  12. How to Write Papers

    How to Write Papers - Writing Tips for Ph. D. Students John H. Cochrane 1 > 2 Graduate School of - Studocu How to Write Academic Papers provided by EC331 writing tips for ph. students john cochrane1 graduate school of business university of chicago 5807 woodlawn Skip to document Ask an Expert Sign inRegister Sign inRegister Home Ask an ExpertNew

  13. PDF Guidance for writing a Cochrane Plain language summary

    Karen Head, John Hilton, Toby Lasserson, Laura MacDonald, Richard Morley, Tom Patterson, Laura ... Guidance for writing a Cochrane Plain language summary 8 General advice on writing in plain language We encourage you to use this advice as a guide while you write [1, 2, 3]. When you have written your

  14. Asset Pricing

    Writing tips for PhD students May 2005. Some tips on how to write academic articles. Do as I say, not as I do. Chinese Translation, 2013. ... Cochrane, John H., 2003, "Stock as Money: Convenience Yield and the Tech-Stock Bubble" in William C. Hunter, George G. Kaufman and Michael Pomerleano, Eds., Asset Price Bubbles Cambridge: MIT Press 2003 ...

  15. John Cochrane: Writing Tips for Ph.D. Students

    A Partisan Nonpartisan Blog: Cutting Through Confusion Since 2012. Key Posts; Neg.Rates; Resources; Bio; Blog; Archive; Search

  16. Phd Writing Tips from John Cochrane : r/PhD

    104K subscribers in the PhD community. A subreddit dedicated to PhDs. Coins. 0 coins. ... Writing, and Literature Religion and Spirituality Science Tabletop Games Technology Travel Popular Posts Help Center ... Phd Writing Tips from John Cochrane .

  17. Phd paper writing

    Keep the paper as short as possible. Every word must count. As you edit the paper ask yourself constantly, ìcan I make the same point in less space?î and ìDo I really have to say this?î Final papers should be no more than 40 pages. Drafts should be shorter. (Do as I say, not as I do!) Shorter is better. Donít repeat things.


    John Cochrane 's (Chicago) recommendations for academic writing: Writing Tips for PhD Students. John Creedy 's (Melbourne) introduction to the publishing process: From Manuscript to Publication. Harvard's Information for Graduate Students on the Job Market.

  19. Research

    It shows why we often want to run OLS with corrected standard errors rather than GLS or ML, and it cautions against the massive differencing, fixed effects and controls used in micro data. It's from a PhD class, but I thought the reminder worth a little standalone note. Read More >

  20. Writing Tips For PHD Students

    Again, give a self-contained caption, including a verbal denition of each symbol on the graphs. Label the axes. Use sensible units. Dont use dotted line types that are invisible when reproduced. Dont use dashes for very volatile series. Writing tips The most important thing in writing is to keep track of what your reader knows and doesnt know.

  21. Writing tips for PhD Students by John H. Cochrane

    Writing tips for PhD by John H. Cochrane 1. 弄清楚你文章的一个核心的创新贡献,把它写在第一段。和对你所写的一切东西一样,这一段必须写得具体,把这个核心结果的内容讲解释清楚。 2. 你需要花一些脑筋来提炼…

  22. Teaching

    First PhD course, covers Asset Pricing Fall 2013. Empirical Asset Pricing. PhD course Business 35905 (past 35907) Winter 2011. Advanced Asset Pricing for PhDs - Business 35911/Econ 39502 Spring 2007. Readings on liquidity. Monetary Economics PhD course. Spring 2012. Writing Group Winter/Spring 2014. Stanford PhD Asset Pricing Spring 2015

  23. Money as Stock

    The fiscal theory of the price level made simple. The `government budget constraint' is not a constraint. I reopen the security market at the end of the day in a cash in advance model, and show that the price level is still determinate. I also resolve the criticism that the fiscal theory mistreats the "government budget constraint."