multiple choice questions on logic and critical thinking

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Logical Reasoning Multiple Choice Questions

Welcome to the captivating realm of Logical Reasoning, a world where critical thinking and deductive skills shine brilliantly. In this category, we present an extensive array of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) meticulously designed to not only enhance your logical reasoning abilities but also to ignite your passion for problem-solving and analytical thinking.

Within the domain of logical reasoning, you will embark on a journey that explores the art of problem-solving, pattern recognition, and logical analysis. Our MCQs span different types of logical reasoning, including deductive, inductive, and abductive reasoning.

You will have the opportunity to master techniques for solving a wide range of puzzles, unravel intricate syllogisms, and construct sound logical arguments.

Whether you are preparing for competitive exams, interviews, or simply seeking to boost your cognitive skills for everyday life, our questions provide the ideal platform to sharpen your logical reasoning prowess and unlock your full potential.

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Student MCQs

Critical Thinking MCQs with Answers

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Welcome to the Critical Thinking MCQs with Answers . In this post, we have shared Critical Thinking Online Test for different competitive exams. Find practice Critical Thinking Practice Questions with answers in Aptitude Test exams here. Each question offers a chance to enhance your knowledge regarding Critical Thinking.

Critical thinking is the skill to analyze information thoroughly and make informed judgments. To engage in critical thinking, it’s essential to recognize your own biases and assumptions when processing information and to employ consistent criteria when assessing sources.

Critical Thinking Online Quiz

By presenting 3 options to choose from, Critical Thinking Quiz which cover a wide range of topics and levels of difficulty, making them adaptable to various learning objectives and preferences. Whether you’re a student looking to reinforce your understanding our Student MCQs Online Quiz platform has something for you. You will have to read all the given answers of Critical Thinking Questions and Answers Ā and click over the correct answer.

  • Test Name: Ā Critical Thinking MCQ Quiz Practice
  • Type: Ā MCQā€™s
  • Total Questions: Ā 40
  • Total Marks:Ā  40
  • Time: Ā 40 minutes

Note:Ā  Questions will be shuffled each time you start the test. Any question you have not answered will be marked incorrect. Once you are finished, click the View Results button. You will encounter Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) related to Critical Thinking , where three options will be provided. You’ll choose the most appropriate answer and move on to the next question without using the allotted time.

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Critical Thinking Test Practice ā–· Free Critical Reasoning Samples & Tips 2024

StartĀ Preparing for Your Critical ThinkingĀ Test.Ā  This page features a brief introduction, followed by question examples with detailed explanations, and a free test sample.

Table of Contents :

āœ»Ā  What is a Critical Thinking Test ?

āœ»Ā  Sample Questions

Related links

āœ»Ā  Free Critical Thinking Practice Test

āœ»Ā  Watson Glaser Practice Test

What Is Critical Thinking?

Critical thinking, also known as critical reasoning, is the ability to assess a situationā€Æand consider/understand various perspectives, all while acknowledging, extracting and deciphering facts, opinions and assumptions. Critical thinking tests are a sub-type of aptitude exams Ā or psychometric tests used in pre-employment assessment for jobs reacquiring advanced analytical and learning skills.

The Skills You Will Be Tested On

Critical thinking tests can have 5 major sections or sub-tests that assess and measure a variety of aspects.

1) Inference

In this section, you are asked to draw conclusions from observed or supposed facts. You are presented with a short text containing a set of facts you should consider as true.

Below the text is a statement that could be inferred from the text. You need to make a judgement on whether this statement is valid or not, based on what you have read.

Furthermore, you are asked to evaluate whether the statement is true, probably true, there is insufficient data to determine, probably false, or false.

For example: if a baby is crying and it is his feeding time, you may infer that the baby is hungry. However, the baby may be crying for other reasonsā€”perhaps it is hot.

2) Recognising Assumptions

In this section, you are asked to recognise whether an assumption is justifiable or not.

Here you are given a statement followed by an assumption on that statement. You need to establish whether this assumption can be supported by the statement or not.

You are being tested on your ability to avoid taking things for granted that are not necessarily true. For example, you may say, "Iā€™ll have the same job in three months," but you would be taking for granted the fact that your workplace won't make you redundant, or that you wonā€™t decide to quit and explore various other possibilities.

You are asked to choose between the options of assumption made and assumption not made.

3) Deduction

This section tests your ability to weigh information and decide whether given conclusions are warranted.

You are presented with a statement of facts followed by a conclusion on what you have read. For example, you may be told, "Nobody in authority can avoid making uncomfortable decisions."

You must then decide whether a statement such as "All people must make uncomfortable decisions" is warranted from the first statement.

You need to assess whether the conclusion follows or the conclusion does not follow what is contained in the statement. You can read more about ourĀ  deductive logical thinking test resources here.Ā 

4) Interpretation

This section measures your ability to understand the weighing of different arguments on a particular question or issue.

You are given a short paragraph to read, which you are expected to take as true. This paragraph is followed by a suggested conclusion, for which you must decide if it follows beyond a reasonable doubt.

You have the choice of conclusion follows and conclusion does not follow.

5) Evaluation of Arguments

In this section you are asked to evaluate the strength of an argument.

You are given a question followed by an argument. The argument is considered to be true, but you must decide whether it is a strong or weak argument, i.e. whether it is both important and directly related to the question.

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Critical Thinking Question Examples

As there are various forms of critical thinking and critical reasoning, we've provided a number of critical thinking sample questions.

You can take our full Critical Thinking Sample Test to see more questions.

critical thinking sample questions

Example 1: Argument Analysis

Read the following:

In a recent study, anthropologists surveyed 250 adults who own pets and 250 adults who do not own pets on their interpersonal capacities. The questions asked of both those who own pets and those who do not own pets included tests for 'computational requirements', that is, tuning in to all the little signals necessary to operate as a couple. While members of each group displayed outstanding interpersonal capacities, in general, the adults who own pets were much more empathetic than those who do not own pets. This indicates that people who are especially empathetic are more likely to adopt a pet in spite of the personal sacrifice and the occasional inconvenience than people who are less empathetic.

Which of the following is true?

  • Most of the people surveyed, whether they own pets or do not own pets, displayed outstanding interpersonal capacities.
  • The adoption of a pet involves personal sacrifice and occasional inconvenience.
  • People with high degrees of empathy are more likely to adopt pets than people with low degrees of empathy.
  • Interpersonal capacities entail tuning in to all the little signals necessary to operate as a couple.
  • A person's degree of empathy is highly correlated with his or herĀ capacity for personal sacrifice.

The correct answer is C

Answer explanation: In a question of this type, the rule is very simple: the main conclusion of an argument isĀ found either in the first or the last sentence. If, however, the main conclusion appears in the middle of an argument, it will begin with a signal word such as thus, therefore, or so. Regardless of where the main conclusion appears, the rest of the passage will give the reasons why the conclusion is true or should be adopted. The main conclusion in this passage is the last sentence, signaled by the words, 'This indicates that people who are especially empathetic are more likely to adopt a pet than people who are less empathetic'.

Example 2: Argument Practice

A: No. Differential bonuses have been found to create a hostile working environment, which leads to a decrease in the quality and quantity of products .

This argument is:

The correct answer isĀ A (Strong)

Schema of the statement: Differential cash bonuses (productivityā†‘) ā†’ workplaceā†‘

Explanation: This argument targets both the action and the consequences of the action on the object of the statement. It states that the action (implementing differential cash bonuses) has a negative effect on the workplace (a decrease in the quality and quantity of products). Therefore, it is an important argument, one that is relevant for the workplace. Note that this argument does not specifically target differential cash bonuses. Still,Ā they are considered a sub-group of the subject of the argument (differential bonuses).

Example 3 ā€“ InterpretationsĀ 

Proposed assumption: Vicki and Bill encountered a personal battle because they couldnā€™t come to terms with their disease.

A. Conclusion follows

B. Conclusion does not follow

The correct answer is BĀ (Conclusion does not follow)

It is plausible that the reason people who suffer from sleep apnoea encounter a personal battle isĀ because of an inability to come to terms with this disease. However, since the passage does not provide an actual reason, youĀ cannot reach this conclusion without reasonable doubt.Ā 

The most common type of Critical Thinking Assessment is the Watson Glaser .

Difficult and time-pressured, the Watsong Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA) takes a unique testing approach that breaks away from more traditional assessments. To see examples, check out our free Watson Glaser practice test .

Our expertly curated practice programme for the Watson Glaser will provide you with:

  • A full-length diagnostic simulation
  • Focused practice tests for the different test sections: inferences, assumptions, deductive reasoning, interpretations, and arguments.
  • 3 additional full-length simulations
  • Interactive tutorials

Or learn more about the Watson Glaser Test

Critical Thinking Tests FAQs

What are critical thinking tests

What critical reasoning test am IĀ most likely to take?

Very Likely the Watson-Glaser test

Another popular critical thinking assessment,Ā Watson-GlaserĀ is a well-established psychometric test produced by Pearson Assessments.

The Watson-Glaser test is used for two main purposes: job selection/talent management andĀ academic evaluations. The Watson-Glaser test can be administered online or in-person.

For Watson Glaser practice questions, Ā  click here !

What skills do critical reasoning test measure?

Critical Thinking can refer to various skills:

  • Defining the problem
  • Selecting the relevant information to solve the problem
  • Recognising assumptions that are both written and implied in the text
  • Creating hypotheses and selecting the most relevant and credible solutions
  • Reaching valid conclusions and judging the validity of inferences

Pearson TalentLens condenses critical thinking into three major areas:

  • R ecognise assumptionsĀ ā€“ the ability to notice and question assumptions, recognise information gaps or unfounded logic. Basically not taking anything for granted.
  • E valuate argumentsĀ ā€“ the ability to analyse information objectively without letting your emotions affect your opinion.
  • D raw conclusions ā€“Ā the ability to reach focused conclusions and inferences by considering diverse information, avoiding generalisations and disregarding information that is not available.

These are abilities that employers highly value in their employees, because they come into play in many stages of problem-solving and decision-making processes in the workplace, especially in business, management and law.

Why are critical thinking tests important to employers?

Critical thinking, or critical reasoning, is important to employers because they want to see that when dealing with an issue, you are able to make logical decisions without involving emotions.

Being able to look past emotions will help you to be open-minded, confident, and decisiveā€”making your decisions more logical and sound.

What professions use critical thinking tests?

Below are some professionsĀ that use critical thinking tests and assessments during the hiring processĀ as well as some positions that demandĀ critical thinking and reasoning skills:

Preparation Packs for Critical Thinking & Critical Reasoning AssessmentsThe Critical Thinking PrepPackā„¢ provides you with the largest assembly of practice tests, study guides and tutorials.Our tests come complete with straightforward expert explanations and predictive score reports to let you know your skill level as well as your advancement.By using our materials you can significantly increase your potential within a few days and secure yourself better chances to get the job.

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Intro to Logic and Critical Thinking

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A claim that is justified (if at all) by something other than reason.

non-rational

An argument is best defined as:

a premise that provides a reason for believing the conclusion is true

a disagreement between two or more people

a statement that can be true or false

a claim that cannot be proven but only discussed

A premise must always come before the conclusion.

An argument is NOT

one or more claims that support the truth of another

an automatic contradiction of what someone else says

an attempt to justify a claim with reason

an important part of philosophical dialogue

A statement that can be true or false.

A statement offered as a reasoning for believing another statement is true

The question that a statement raises.

In philosophy it is widely accepted that arguments are unproductive and so philosophers don't make them.

Identify the premise: Every coin that I have pulled from the bag has been a penny, so there must be only pennies in the bag.

every coin I have pulled has been a penny

there must only be pennies in the bag

Identify the premise: That dog is not going to bite me. She has never bitten me before.

That dog is not going to bite me.

She has never bitten me before.

Identify the conclusion: When it rains, the road will be wet. The road is wet. It must be have rained.

When it rains, the road will be wet.

The road is wet.

It must have rained.

Identify the conclusion: She is strong, she will be able to lift that rock.

She is strong

she will be able to lift that rock

An argument that demonstrates (or proves) its conclusion is a

deductive argument

inductive argument

cogent argument

irrational argument

Which of the following is NOT one of the three laws of thought?

Excluded Middle

Non-contradiction

In philosophy, the term "valid" means that a statement or claim is true.

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