How to remap any key on your keyboard in Windows 11 or 10

Turn a key you don't use such as "insert" into one you really need.

Keys

Even if you have one of the best gaming keyboards or best mechanical keyboards on the market, you may not have all the keys you want or need. For example, my 96 percent keyboard has a number pad, arrow keys and a function row, but no print screen key. 

I do have an insert key, but let's be honest — the last time I needed the insert key was in the 1990s. Fortunately, it's easy to remap any key to become any other key so I can turn insert into print screen or turn my numpad into a series of media buttons.

On some fancier keyboards, you can remap keys at the firmware level; these boards usually have either QMK or Via firmware. And, once you remap it there, the new key assignment will apply across computers and operating systems.

However, most keyboards don't have customizable firmware so the easiest way to remap a key is to do so by tweaking a setting in the OS. In Windows, it's really easy to remap a key by modifying the registry. And you don't even need to go into the registry, because there's a utility called SharpKeys that will write your remaps to the registry for you.

How to Remap a Key Using SharpKeys

1. Install SharpKeys from the Microsoft Store.

2. Launch SharpKeys.

3. Click the Add button.

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Click Add

4. Select the key to remap by either picking it in the left-side menu or clicking Type Key and typing it.

Click key to remap

5. Select the key to remap to from the right-side menu and Click Ok .

select key to remap to

6. Repeat steps 3 to 5 for additional key remaps if you need them.

7. Click Write to Registry .

click Write to Registry

You'll get a confirmation message. 

sharpkeys confirmation message

8. Close SharpKeys then reboot your PC or log out then in again.

The new key mappings should work in Windows from now on and you won't need to run SharpKeys again unless you want to do more remaps.

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April 11, 2023

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Remapping 101: How to change your keyboard key output

Your PC or laptop keyboard doesn’t have to be one-size-fits-all. If you’re not a fan of certain key placements or find that you aren’t using some of your keys, you can rearrange the functions of your keys however you like. Most keyboards are laid out in the same way, but Windows 11 features  allow you to make the necessary adjustments to help you type more comfortably. Learn how you can remap your keys and change keyboard outputs on Windows 11 .

Why remap your keyboard?

If you’re used to a standard keyboard layout, you may not initially see the value in remapping your keys. Here are some common reasons for changing keyboard outputs:

  • Typing on a foreign keyboard. If you want to type in any language besides English, it can be difficult to type seamlessly on an English-only keyboard. By switching your key functions, you can cater to different language settings.
  • Using your keyboard for PC gaming. PC gamers rely on their keyboards to play their favorite games. Remapping your keys to best suit your gaming needs can improve performance and make your frequently used keys more accessible.
  • Repurposing underused keys. Not everyone uses their keys the same way. If it seems like a key that you don’t often use is taking up valuable space on your keyboard, you can reassign its function to find a good use for it and increase productivity.

Popular QWERTY alternatives

You may notice that top row of letters on your keyboard, going left to right, spells QWERTY. However, there are other popular keyboard layouts that can help you type faster or more comfortably. Learn more about each layout and how they might benefit your typing:

  • AZERTY. The AZERTY layout simply moves the output of the Q , W , and M keys. It is most often used in France and other surrounding countries.
  • Dvorak. The Dvorak layout puts the most used keys in the middle row, which decreases finger movement. This typing method can help reduce strain in your fingers, which makes for a more ergonomic experience.
  • Colemak. The Colemak layout offers a slight improvement on the Dvorak layout. It also places the commonly used keys in the middle row, but it keeps the useable features of the QWERTY layout intact.

How to remap your keys on Windows 11

The easiest way to change your keyboard functions on Windows 11 is to use the Keyboard Manager  utility. The Keyboard Manager is one of many utilities available in Microsoft PowerToys , which are a collection of productivity tools that allow users to customize their Windows experience.

How does Keyboard Manager work?

Once you’ve downloaded PowerToys onto your device, select Keyboard Manager and toggle Enable Keyboard Manager. You’ll find separate sections for remapping keys and remapping shortcuts, each of which can be adjusted to your liking. Some keys and shortcuts cannot be remapped in Keyboard Manager, and these limitations are highlighted on the platform. PowerToys must be running for the key mapping to work, so make sure you don’t close out of the program after making your selections.

What other keyboard mapping functions are available on Windows?

If you are still running Windows 10 on your PC, you can download Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator  to create your own keyboard layouts. Microsoft keyboard users can also try the Mouse and Keyboard Center  app to get the most out of the customization features within the accessories. Other keyboard mapping options can be downloaded on Microsoft Apps .

By learning how to remap your keys, you can break the mold and take control of how you use your keyboard. Shop for Microsoft Keyboards  to find the perfect keyboard to test your remapped keys on Windows 11 .

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How To Remap Or Reassign Keys On Your Keyboard

Unless you own a high-end keyboard or a custom mechanical keyboard , chances are you might not be able to configure your current keyboard’s layout to your liking. Of course, for the most part, we imagine that many people are already satisfied with the way their keyboard has been laid out.

However, if you think that certain keys would be better placed elsewhere, or if you want to disable certain keys, you can actually do that. Unfortunately, there is no native way to remap or reassign keys in Windows, but our guide below will show you several different apps that might be worth checking out if you want to remap your keyboard or reassign several keys.

SharpKeys ( Download )

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Also, another thing to take note is that it will write to your computer’s registry, so if you’re not familiar or comfortable with that, you might want to seek out an alternative.

Keytweak ( Download )

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For example, some users might not have a need for a Caps Lock key, so they might want to reassign it to something else, such as Ctrl or Alt.

MapKeyboard ( Download )

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The UI will also highlight keys in green to indicate that they have been edited, and once you’re done editing, you’ll need to logoff your computer and relogin and you will be all set and the changes will take effect.

AutoHotKey ( Download )

The software we listed above does a very good job of remapping or reassigning keys. However, if you need something a bit more complex and powerful, that’s where AutoHotKeys comes in handy. This is because with AutoHotKeys, with a little bit of time and learning, you can create scripts to run more complex actions.

For example, you can create macros with AutoHotKeys where with by pressing certain keys or shortcuts, you can type certain lines of text, run programs, batch files, and so on. You can even make shortcuts even shorter, where instead of pressing three keys, you can reduce it to two, and so on.

However, like we said, AutoHotKeys is a bit more complex and you will need to learn how to script it, but it can be a very powerful tool once you get the basics down.

Filed in Computers . Read more about Keyboards , Microsoft , Windows and Windows 10 .

How-To Geek

How to remap any key or shortcut on windows 10.

Swapping the keycaps between keys doesn't count as "Remapping."

Quick Links

Remap keys with powertoys, how to remove the new key mapping, how to disable or remap keys using sharpkeys [alternative method], use your keyboard's software to remap keys, key takeaways.

Install Microsoft PowerToys from GitHub, launch it, and then navigate to Keyboard Manager > Remap a Key. Click the plus button, and then select the key you want to rebind from the list. You can click the trash can icon to remove a remapping at any time.

Would you like to use a different keyboard key to perform a certain task in Windows 10? Thanks to PowerToys , it's easy to remap any key to another key or even a shortcut combination on your keyboard. Here's how to set it up.

Microsoft makes it easy to remap keys with PowerToys , a free utility available for download online. Using PowerToys, you can make any key on your keyboard act like any other key — and even remap shortcuts.

If you don't already have PowerToys installed, download it for free from Github. After you install it, launch PowerToys Settings, then click "Keyboard Manager" in the sidebar. In the "Keyboard Manager" settings, click "Remap a Key."

When the "Remap Keyboard" window pops up, click the plus button ("+") to add a new key mapping.

After that, you'll need to define which key you want to remap (in the "Key:" column), and what key or shortcut you want it to perform (in the "Mapped To:" column).

First, select the key you'll be remapping in the "To:" column by either clicking the "Type" button and pressing the key on your keyboard, or by selecting it from the list in the drop-down menu. For example, we'll pick Scroll Lock here, since it often sits unused.

Next, select the key or shortcut you want to perform in the "Mapped To" column. For a single key, you can either choose it from the drop-down menu or click the "Type" button, then press it on your keyboard.

If you want to use a shortcut key combination, press the "Type" button, then press the combination on your keyboard. For example, here we've typed "Ctrl+C" for the standard Windows "Copy" shortcut.

After you have both "Key:" and "Mapped To:" columns defined, click "OK."

If you see a warning that one key will be left unassigned, click "Continue Anyway." This means that you won't be able to access the original function of the key that you just remapped.

(In our example, there will be no way to use Scroll Lock unless you remap another key to perform the original Scroll Lock function).

Next, you'll see the resulting mapping listed in the "Keyboard Manager" settings. That means your custom mapping has been saved and is now active.

If you want to add more mappings, click "Remap a key" again. When you're done, close PowerToys Settings completely, and your remapped key (or keys) will remain in effect. Use them as much as you'd like. You can always go back and adjust your mappings later if necessary.

Later on, if you want to remove the custom mapping you made, relaunch Power Toys Settings, then click "Keyboard Manager" and "Remap a key" again. In the list of mappings, click the trash can icon beside the mapping you'd like to delete.

The mapping will be removed. After that, click "OK" to close the window. Then you can either exit PowerToys completely or create a new mapping using the guide above. Have fun!

The major problem with PowerToys is that the remappings only work if the PowerToys application is running, so they won't work on the login screen. There also seem to be issues with the remappings not working properly in games and some other places. The solution? Use the old-school Windows Registry key remapping technique... but do it the easy way, using the open-source SharpKeys application.

SharpKeys won't let you remap shortcut key combinations, so you can't remap ALT+C to CTRL+C, for example, but you can do things like remap or disable the Caps Lock key on any version of Windows .

Install the application from their Github project page or from the Microsoft Store , open it up (clicking through the annoying Windows SmartScreen warnings), and then click the Add button to open up the Add New Key Mapping dialog.

We've been using SharpKeys literally since Windows Vista was around. That's a long time.

Many modern keyboards also have special software that allows you to remap keys as well. Since all of their software is different we can't definitively say "Here is how you do it." Generally speaking, you'll be looking for an option like "Customize," "Keybind," "Bind," or "Remap."

Here is a quick list to some of the specialized software available for different keyboard brands, though keep in mind that this is not an exhaustive list.

  • Logitech G Hub
  • Corsair iCUE
  • SteelSeries Engine
  • Razer Synapse
  • HyperX NGENUITY
  • Roccat Swarm

Your keyboard software probably lets you do other things besides modify keybinds. For example, if your keyboard has extra keys, or RGB, the manufacturer software is typically required to utilize them.

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How Computer Keyboards Work

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Keyboard Basics

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A keyboard's primary function is to act as an input device. Using a keyboard, a person can type a document, use keystroke shortcuts, access menus, play games and perform a variety of other tasks. Keyboards can have different keys depending on the manufacturer, the operating system they're designed for, and whether they are attached to a desktop computer or part of a laptop . But for the most part, these keys, also called keycaps , are the same size and shape from keyboard to keyboard. They're also placed at a similar distance from one another in a similar pattern, no matter what language or alphabet the keys represent.

Most keyboards have between 80 and 110 keys, including:

  • Typing keys
  • A numeric keypad
  • Function keys
  • Control keys

The typing keys include the letters of the alphabet, generally laid out in the same pattern used for typewriters . According to legend, this layout, known as QWERTY for its first six letters, helped keep mechanical typewriters' metal arms from colliding and jamming as people typed. Some people question this story -- whether it's true or not, the QWERTY pattern had long been a standard by the time computer keyboards came around. 

Keyboards can also use a variety of other typing key arrangements. The most widely known is Dvorak , named for its creator, August Dvorak. The Dvorak layout places all of the vowels on the left side of the keyboard and the most common consonants on the right. The most commonly used letters are all found along the home row . The home row is the main row where you place your fingers when you begin typing. People who prefer the Dvorak layout say it increases their typing speed and reduces fatigue. Other layouts include ABCDE , XPeRT , QWERTZ and AZERTY . Each is named for the first keys in the pattern. The QWERTZ and AZERTY arrangements are commonly used in Europe.

The numeric keypad is a more recent addition to the computer keyboard. As the use of computers in business environments increased, so did the need for speedy data entry. Since a large part of the data was numbers, a set of 17 keys, arranged in the same configuration found on adding machines and calculators, was added to the keyboard.

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In 1986, IBM further extended the basic keyboard with the addition of function and control keys. Applications and operating systems can assign specific commands to the function keys. Control keys provide cursor and screen control. Four arrow keys arranged in an inverted T formation between the typing keys and numeric keypad move the cursor on the screen in small increments.

Other common control keys include:

  • Control (Ctrl)
  • Alternate (Alt)
  • Escape (Esc)

The Windows keyboard adds some extra control keys: two Windows or Start keys, and an Application key. Apple keyboards, on the other hand, have Command (also known as "Apple") keys. A keyboard developed for Linux users features Linux-specific hot keys , including one marked with "Tux" the penguin -- the Linux logo/mascot.

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How to Remap a Keyboard in Windows 10

Use Microsoft PowerToys to reassign keys and change keyboard shortcuts

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What to Know

  • Download Microsoft Power Toys, open it, and then go to Keyboard Manager > Remap a Key or Remap a Shortcut .
  • To reset keys and shortcuts to the default, select the Trashcan icon beside the entry.
  • If you have an external keyboard and mouse, use the Windows Mouse and Keyboard Center tool to customize both.

This article explains how to remap a keyboard in Windows 10. Instructions apply to external keyboards and the built-in keyboards of Windows-based laptops.

How to Change a Keyboard Layout in Windows 10

The easiest way to customize your keyboard is by using PowerToys, a free program made by Microsoft. It allows you to reassign keys and change your keyboard shortcuts using a simple interface. PowerToys also enables you to personalize the layout and appearance of the operating system.

Can You Reassign Keyboard Keys?

Follow these steps to reassign keys in Windows 10:

Download Microsoft Power Toys and install it on your PC.

Open Power Toys and select Keyboard Manager in the left sidebar.

Select Remap a Key .

If the keyboard options are grayed out, select the Enable Keyboard Manager switch.

Select the Plus ( + ) under Key .

Under Key , choose the key you want to reassign from the drop-down menu, or select Type and enter a key.

Under Mapped To , choose the new key. If you want to switch two keys, repeat steps 5 and 6 to create another entry, reversing the keys.

To reset the key to its default, return to this screen and select the Trashcan icon beside the entry.

Select OK .

Select Continue Anyway , if you see a notice telling you you'll no longer be able to use the keys for their original purpose.

How to Remap Windows 10 Shortcuts

You can change keyboard shortcuts for specific apps or your whole system:

Open Microsoft Power Toys and select Keyboard Manager in the left sidebar, then select Remap a Shortcut .

Select the Plus ( + ) under Shortcut .

Choose the key you want to reassign from the drop-down menu under Shortcut or select Type and enter a keyboard shortcut.

Under Mapped To , choose the new key or shortcut.

Under Target Apps , enter the name of an app (if you leave this section blank, the change is applied system-wide).

How to Reset Keyboard Mapping

To set your key reassignments back to the defaults, go to Keyboard Manager in PowerToys, select Remap a shortcut , and then select the Trashcan icon beside the entry you want to delete.

How Can I Customize My Keyboard?

PowerToys lets you reassign keys and shortcuts, but some keyboards come with customization software that gives you even more control over how your device works. For example, you could create multi-key macros and insert blocks of text with a single keystroke. You can customize both with the Windows Mouse and Keyboard Center tool if you have an external keyboard and mouse.

If you need to reassign a key because it isn't working, you can enable the Windows 10 on-screen keyboard to access all keys.

Remapping a keyboard on a Mac works differently than on a Windows PC. While you can't wholly remap the keyboard, you can set up custom shortcuts. Go to the Apple menu > System Preferences > Keyboard and click the Shortcuts tab. Select a shortcut and highlight its existing key combination. Then, type in your new key combination, which will replace the previous shortcut.

If you want a hotkey to access a different shortcut or command, download the Windows Mouse and Keyboard Center and connect the keyboard you wish to configure. Open the Microsoft Mouse and Keyboard Center and choose the key you'd like to reassign, then select a command from the command list to become the key's new function.

You don't need to remap a Windows PC keyboard for use on a Mac, but you'll need to be aware of the Windows keyboard equivalents for Mac's special keys . For example, the Windows key is equivalent to the Mac's Command key. Also, key locations are different on a Windows keyboard. If you want to reassign a Windows keyboard key's location for use with your Mac so it's easier to find, go to the Apple menu > System Preferences > Keyboard . Select Modifier Keys , then switch the keys' functions to your liking.

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How to change keyboard shortcuts in Windows 11

Change keyboard shortcuts in Windows if the default ones don't work for you

Man typing on Windows 11 laptop

You'll want to know how to change keyboard shortcuts in Windows 11 if the default shortcuts just aren't cutting it for you. 

Perhaps you're used to a macOS keyboard, or switch between Windows and Mac for work/play like me — if that's the case, it's super useful to reconfigure the default Windows shortcuts so that they're the same as on Mac. You might also want to use a particular keyboard shortcut that feels more comfortable, if you have difficulties with your hand or finger movement, for example.

Whatever the reason, it's easy to change keyboard shortcuts in Windows 11, but it isn't obvious how to do so if you don't already know. Luckily, this guide is here to walk you through it.

To remap the default Windows keyboard shortcuts, we're going to be using the PowerToys (a suite of Windows tools for power users) Keyboard Manager. Read our guide on how to get PowerToys in Windows 11 if you haven't got the tools yet.

We've already covered how to remap keys in Windows using the Keyboard Manager, but the process for remapping shortcuts is a little different. Remapping keys also changes individual keystrokes, while remapping shortcuts changes keystroke combinations like Ctrl + C (copy). You can also remap specific shortcuts to work differently in specific apps, which we'll also cover in this guide.

If you're ready to get into the guide, so are we! All you need to do now is read on to find out how to change keyboard shortcuts in Windows 11.

Before you start: remap shortcuts with a little bit of caution as it can cause headaches down the line, but don't worry about messing things up permanently. You can always undo the remaps that you apply with a simple click of the trash can in Keyboard Manager.

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1. Open PowerToys and enable Keyboard Manager

A screenshot showing how to remap shortcuts in Windows 11 using PowerToys

First up, open PowerToys and select Keyboard Managers from the menu on the left. It should be on by default, but if it isn't, toggle on Keyboard Manager .

2. Select Remap a shortcut

A screenshot showing how to remap shortcuts in Windows 11 using PowerToys

Now select Remap a shortcut .

3. Click the + button

A screenshot showing how to remap shortcuts in Windows 11 using PowerToys

Click the + button to create a new shortcut map. 

4. Select your Physical Shortcut

A screenshot showing how to remap shortcuts in Windows 11 using PowerToys

You now need to select your Physical Shortcut . This is what keys you press in order to get the result of the existing shortcut you don't like. For example: I am going to set Ctrl + Up Arrow as my Physical Shortcut, mapped to Ctrl + C. That means when I press Ctrl + Up, I will get Ctrl + C (copy).

You have two options to select your Physical Shortcut. Click the dropdown and select a shortcut , or click Type and press the keys you want .

5. Choose your Mapped To keys

A screenshot showing how to remap shortcuts in Windows 11 using PowerToys

Now choose your Mapped To keys in the same way as step 4. As you can see in the screenshot, I have select Ctrl + Up as my Physical Shortcut and Ctrl + C as my Mapped To.

If you're typing your shortcuts as in the screenshot above, press OK when the correct keys appear.

6. (Optional) Select an app to use the new shortcut

A screenshot showing how to remap shortcuts in Windows 11 using PowerToys

You can now select a target app for the shortcut to work in. In the example above, I have selected only Microsoft Word for this shortcut to run in. You need to use the .exe name of the application : for word that's WinWord. Essentially use everything before the ".exe" on the application executable filename .

To use the shortcut globally, simply leave the Target Apps box blank .

7. Click OK when done

A screenshot showing how to remap shortcuts in Windows 11 using PowerToys

When you're happy, click OK to save your changes.

Don't worry if you don't like your new shortcut. To delete a shortcut, simply follow steps 1-2 to return to the Remap shortcuts page and click the trash can icon next to the shortcut you want to delete .

It's as easy as that! You can now create all the shortcuts you like. If you'd like to read more ways to use PowerToys, we can show you how to use PowerRename to bulk rename files and how to keep your computer awake with PowerToys Awake . You might also be interested in learning about how to customize the Windows 11 Start menu , if you aren't a fan of how it looks or works.

Peter is Reviews Editor at Tom's Guide. As a writer, he covers topics including tech, photography, gaming, hardware, motoring and food & drink. Outside of work, he's an avid photographer, specialising in architectural and portrait photography. When he's not snapping away on his beloved Fujifilm camera, he can usually be found telling everyone about his greyhounds, riding his motorcycle, squeezing as many FPS as possible out of PC games, and perfecting his espresso shots. 

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Customize keyboard shortcuts

You can customize keyboard shortcuts (or shortcut keys) by assigning them to a command, macro, font, style, or frequently used symbol. You can also remove keyboard shortcuts. You can assign or remove keyboard shortcuts by using a mouse or just the keyboard.

Use a mouse to assign or remove a keyboard shortcut

Go to File > Options > Customize Ribbon .

At the bottom of the Customize the Ribbon and keyboard shortcuts pane, select Customize .

The Customize button in the Customize the Ribbon and keyboard shortcuts pane

In the Save changes in box, select the current document name or template that you want to save the keyboard shortcut changes in.

In the Categories box, select the category that contains the command or other item that you want to assign a keyboard shortcut to or remove a keyboard shortcut from.

In the Commands box, select the name of the command or other item that you want to assign a keyboard shortcut to or remove a keyboard shortcut from.

Any keyboard shortcuts that are currently assigned to that command or other item appear in the Current keys box, or below the box with the label Currently assigned to .

To assign a keyboard shortcut do the following:

Begin keyboard shortcuts with CTRL or a function key.

In the Press new shortcut key box, press the combination of keys that you want to assign. For example, press CTRL plus the key that you want to use.

Look at Current keys (or Currently assigned to ) to see whether the combination of keys is already assigned to a command or other item. If the combination is already assigned, type a different combination.

Creating a new keyboard shortcut in the Customize Keyboard dialog box

Important:  Reassigning a combination of keys means that you can no longer use the combination for its original purpose. For example, pressing CTRL+B changes selected text to bold. If you reassign CTRL+B to a new command or other item, you will not be able to make text bold by pressing CTRL+B unless you restore the keyboard shortcut assignments to their original settings by selecting Reset All at the bottom of the Customize Keyboard dialog box.

Select Assign .

Note:  If you use a programmable keyboard, the key combination CTRL+ALT+F8 might already be reserved for initiating keyboard programming.

Remove a keyboard shortcut

In the Current keys box, select the keyboard shortcut that you want to remove.

Select Remove .

Use just the keyboard to assign or remove a keyboard shortcut

Press ALT+F, T to open the Word Options dialog box.

Press DOWN ARROW to select Customize Ribbon .

Press the TAB key repeatedly until Customize is selected at the bottom of the dialog box, and then press ENTER.

In the Categories box, press DOWN ARROW or UP ARROW to select the category that contains the command or other item that you want to assign a keyboard shortcut to or remove a keyboard shortcut from.

Press the TAB key to move to the Commands box.

Press DOWN ARROW or UP ARROW to select the name of the command or other item that you want to assign a keyboard shortcut to or remove a keyboard shortcut from.

Any keyboard shortcuts that are currently assigned to that command or item appear in the Current keys box, or below the box with the label Currently assigned to .

Press the TAB key repeatedly until the cursor is in the Press new shortcut key box.

Press the combination of keys that you want to assign. For example, press CTRL plus the key that you want to use.

Press the TAB key repeatedly until the Save changes in box is selected.

Press DOWN ARROW or UP ARROW to highlight the current document name or template in which you want to save the keyboard shortcut changes, and then press ENTER.

Press the TAB key repeatedly until Assign is selected, and then press ENTER.

To remove a keyboard shortcut

Press the SHIFT+TAB key repeatedly until the cursor is in the Current keys box.

Press DOWN ARROW or UP ARROW to select the keyboard shortcut that you want to remove.

Press the TAB key repeatedly until Remove is selected, and then press ENTER.

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Computer Hope

Where should fingers be placed on the keyboard?

The information below shows you where to position your hands, and the proper way to place your fingers to type letters, numbers, and special characters efficiently.

Your left-hand fingers should be placed over the A, S, D, and F keys, and the right-hand fingers should be placed over the J, K, L, and ; keys. These keys are considered the home row keys . Your thumbs should either be in the air or lightly touching the spacebar key.

Computer keyboard finger placement

What fingers press each key on the keyboard?

Below are the home row keys, the finger used, and the keys the thumb (spacebar) presses.

The left pinky (little) finger is placed over the "A" key and is also responsible for the second most keys on the keyboard, including the following keys.

  • "`" ( back quote ) and when pressing Shift, the "~" ( tilde )
  • 1 and when pressing Shift, the "!" ( exclamation mark )

The left ring finger is placed over the "S" key and is also responsible for the following keys.

  • 2 and when pressing Shift , the "@" ( at sign )

The left middle finger is placed over the "D" key and is also responsible for the following keys.

  • 3 and when pressing Shift , the "#" ( hash )

The left index finger is placed over the "F" key and is also responsible for the following keys.

  • 4 and when pressing Shift , the "$" ( dollar sign )
  • 5 and when pressing Shift, the "%" ( percent )

The right index finger is placed over the "J" key and is also responsible for the following keys.

  • 6 and when pressing Shift , the "^" ( caret )
  • 7 and when pressing Shift, the "&" ( ampersand )

The right ring middle finger is placed over the "K" key and is also responsible for the following keys.

  • 8 and when pressing Shift , the "*" ( asterisk )
  • , ( comma ) and when pressing Shift, the "<" ( less than )

The right ring finger is placed over the "L" key and is also responsible for the following keys.

  • 9 and when pressing Shift , the "(" (left or open parenthesis )
  • "." ( period ) and when pressing Shift, the ">" ( greater than )

; (semicolon) key

The right pinky (little) finger is placed over the ";" key and is also responsible for most keys on the keyboard, including the following keys.

  • 0 and when pressing Shift , the ")" (right or close parenthesis )
  • ";" ( semicolon ) and when pressing Shift, the ":" ( colon )
  • "/" ( forward slash ) and when pressing the Shift, the "?" ( question mark )
  • "-" ( hyphen ) and when pressing Shift, the "_" ( underscore )
  • [ (left or open bracket ) and when pressing Shift, the "{" (left or open curly bracket )
  • ' ( single quote ) and when pressing Shift, the " ( quote )
  • Right Shift
  • "=" ( equals sign ) and when pressing Shift, the "+" ( plus sign )
  • "]" (right or close bracket ) and when pressing Shift, the "}" (right or close curly bracket )
  • Backspace or Delete
  • "\" ( backslash ) and when pressing Shift, the "|" ( pipe )
  • Enter ( Return )

Both thumbs are placed over the spacebar and may also be used for the following keys.

Most people find it awkward to not lift their hands away from the home row to press these keys.

  • Windows key

The remaining keyboard keys not listed above are not necessarily assigned to a specific finger for pressing them. Instead, you can use whichever finger is easiest or most comfortable for reaching and pressing those keys.

How many fingers should be on the home row?

With the four fingers of both hands on the home row , eight fingers should be positioned over the home row.

Most don't consider the thumbs "fingers." However, both thumbs should also be hovering over the spacebar.

Should my palms be resting, or should they be raised?

When typing, your palms should be raised and not resting on any surface, including a wrist pad , and held at a 10 to 30-degree angle. Raising or lowering your wrists too much in either direction or resting them while typing can cause stress and lead to carpal tunnel syndrome .

Other keyboard safety tips

While keeping your palms raised while typing, there are also other tips you can follow to help prevent carpal tunnel and pain while you type. Keep the following suggestions in mind every time you type.

  • Keep your keyboard home row height as close to elbow level as possible.
  • Center the spacebar with your body.
  • Do not angle or bend your wrists. While typing, keep your wrists elevated and as straight as possible.
  • Avoid hunt-and-peck typing as it causes strain on the neck from having to look down at the keyboard often.
  • Don't use more force than needed to press the keys; you don't want to hit the keys, as it could lead to keyboard damage.
  • When you're not typing, you can rest your arms and hands. However, never rest your arms, hands, or wrists on a sharp edge.
  • Take a break from typing every 20 to 30 minutes. If you have difficulty remembering when to take a break, set a timer or drink water, forcing you to go to the bathroom more often.

Related information

  • How to improve your typing.
  • Why are there bumps on the F and J keyboard keys?
  • See our keyboard definition for further information and related links.
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How to Reassign Keyboard Keys on Windows 11 or Windows 10

Featured - How to Remap Any Key or Shortcut on Windows 10

Table of Contents:

Most of us are used to the classic qwerty or azerty layout on our keyboards, but that doesn’t mean they’re perfect. Default keyboard layouts are meant to apply to a broad range of people, not cater to individual needs. As a result, you may be wondering how to remap keys in Windows 11 and Windows 10 to suit your preferences.

PowerToys: A Great Key Remapper From Microsoft

For this purpose, we’ll be using a Microsoft-published tool called PowerToys. PowerToys is an application-suite designed to help you get more out of your PC, and that includes the ability to remap your keyboard.   If you don’t have PowerToys already, you can download it from the official PowerToys GitHub page. Follow the installer’s instructions and you’ll be good to go.

How to Remap your Keyboard in Windows 11 with PowerToys

PowerToys is a suite of utilities designed to allow power users to streamline their Windows experience for greater productivity. Among its various tools, the Keyboard Manager utility stands out for its ability to remap keys and shortcuts easily. Opting for PowerToys means benefiting from a Microsoft-supported tool that’s not only reliable but also regularly updated with security enhancements and new features.

The Best Freeware Tools to Move and Remap Keys

If you’d prefer not to install a general-purpose tool like PowerToys, there are several third-party tools to choose from. Popular choices include:

SharpKeys is a simple and easy-to-use tool that has been around for a while. Its interface is nothing fancy but is perhaps more efficient because of it. Once you’re done making the changes,  SharpKeys  lets you easily write them to the registry and then reboot to get started.

Key Remapper

Key Remapper  is one of the more popular and well-reviewed key remappers for Windows 10. Though you do have to pay for its full version, you can grab a restricted version for free  here . The best thing about Key Remapper is its ability to additionally remap mouse buttons. You can therefore add keyboard keys to your mouse for very easy access.

KeyTweak  is a good alternative if you’re looking for a key remapper with a more visual interface. Rather than lists, it displays a virtual keyboard and allows you to click each button on it to remap them. You can also save different sets of mappings to separate profiles so that you can easily switch between them.

Key Mapper  stands out for its flexible interface. Everything works through a drag and drop interface that allows you easily reassign, disable, and activate keys. However, you can also use methods such as double-clicking keys on the keyboard or manually creating a new mapping. Importantly for international or dvorak users,  Key Mapper  also supports several alternate keyboard layouts.

RemapKeyboard

If you’re looking for something small and lightweight,  RemapKeyboard  does the job. It comes in at just 79KB and consists of  simple, three-column list interface that is very easy to navigate. It requires a registry entry to change the keys, so you’ll need to log in and out for the changes to take effect.

FAQ – Frequently Asked Questions About Key Remapping with PowerToys

Can i remap keyboard shortcuts in addition to individual keys using powertoys.

Absolutely. The Keyboard Manager component of PowerToys allows you not only to remap single keys but also to customize keyboard shortcuts. This includes creating new shortcuts or altering existing ones to better suit your workflow and productivity needs. It’s a versatile feature that extends your customization capabilities well beyond simple key remapping.

Is it possible to remap mouse buttons using PowerToys?

Currently, PowerToys does not support the remapping of mouse buttons directly. For users looking to customize their mouse button actions, alternative third-party software will be necessary. There are numerous tools available that offer mouse button customization, including the ability to set up complex actions and gestures.

Can I export my PowerToys keyboard remappings to another computer?

While PowerToys does not offer a built-in feature for exporting and importing keyboard remapping profiles directly through the GUI, you can manually transfer the necessary configuration files. These files are typically located in the PowerToys settings folder within your user profile directory. Copying these to the corresponding location on another computer with PowerToys installed will replicate your key remapping setup.

How do alternative key remapping tools compare to PowerToys in terms of features?

Alternative key remapping tools vary widely in their approach and features. For instance, SharpKeys offers a straightforward, no-frills interface for directly writing remaps to the Windows registry, making it less flexible but very simple to use. Key Remapper , on the other hand, includes the ability to remap both keyboard keys and mouse buttons, providing a wider range of customization than PowerToys’ current keyboard-only focus. Other tools might offer unique user interfaces, such as drag-and-drop mapping, or support for creating conditional remappings based on the application in focus.

Can I use PowerToys to remap keys on external keyboards?

Yes, PowerToys supports key remapping for both built-in laptop keyboards and external keyboards. This means that any remapping you apply through PowerToys will affect the selected keys regardless of whether they’re on an internal or USB/Bluetooth-connected external keyboard. It’s important to note, however, that remappings are global and not device-specific; the same remappings apply to all keyboards connected to the system.

Does remapping keys with PowerToys affect performance or security?

Key remapping with PowerToys is designed to be both secure and efficient, having a negligible impact on system performance and no known security vulnerabilities as long as you download PowerToys from the official Microsoft GitHub repository. Microsoft actively develops and supports PowerToys, ensuring it adheres to modern security standards.

How can I contribute to the development of PowerToys or suggest new key remapping features?

Microsoft welcomes community contributions to PowerToys. If you’re interested in suggesting new features, reporting bugs, or even contributing code, the best place to start is the PowerToys GitHub repository . There, you can open an issue to suggest a new feature or report a problem, or you can fork the repository to work on your own code improvements. The project’s README and contributing guidelines provide a wealth of information on how to get started.

Can I set key remappings in PowerToys to be application-specific?

As of the current version, PowerToys does not support the ability to create application-specific key remappings. All key and shortcut remappings applied via the Keyboard Manager are global, affecting all applications. For specialized remapping needs—including application-specific configurations—users may need to look into more advanced scripting or software solutions.

Is PowerToys compatible with Windows versions older than Windows 10?

PowerToys is specifically designed for Windows 10 and later, leveraging modern Windows features and APIs for its functionality. As such, it is not compatible with or supported on older versions of Windows, such as Windows 8.1 or Windows 7. Users on these older platforms would need to explore alternative tools or upgrade their operating system to use PowerToys.

How does PowerToys manage remapping of special keys like function or media controls?

PowerToys’ Keyboard Manager supports remapping a wide array of keys, including function keys and many special keys like media controls. This allows users to customize their keyboards extensively, tailoring functionality like volume control or track skipping to keys of their choosing. Keep in mind that while most keys are remappable, there may be some special keys or hardware-specific keys that cannot be remapped due to their direct handling by the system or hardware-level firmware.

What steps should I take if I encounter a conflict during key remapping in PowerToys?

When you encounter a conflict during key remapping with PowerToys—such as overlapping shortcuts or remapped keys affecting crucial system functions—PowerToys will alert you through its interface. You can opt to proceed with the remapping, knowing the conflict, or revise your remappings to avoid the issue. For optimal results, it’s advisable to carefully plan your remappings to minimize conflicts, particularly for commonly used shortcuts and keys.

Are there communities or forums where I can share or learn about PowerToys remapping setups?

Yes, there are several communities and forums where PowerToys users share tips, remapping setups, and troubleshoot issues together. The PowerToys GitHub repository is a central hub for technical discussions and feature requests. Additionally, forums like Reddit’s r/PowerToys and Microsoft’s own community forums serve as platforms for broader discussions, user tips, and shared configurations.

Do I need administrative privileges to use PowerToys for key remapping?

Running PowerToys and accessing its key remapping feature requires administrative privileges primarily during installation or when updating PowerToys. This ensures that PowerToys can interact securely with system-level settings and apply remappings effectively. Once installed, key remapping doesn’t require additional permissions for daily use.

Will my PowerToys key remappings persist through system reboots?

Yes, any key remappings or shortcut customizations you apply using PowerToys’ Keyboard Manager are permanent changes that persist through system reboots. This ensures that your custom keyboard configurations remain consistent across all your computing sessions, eliminating the need to reapply settings after a reboot.

Can I revert to the original key settings easily in PowerToys if I change my mind?

Reverting to the original key settings in PowerToys is straightforward. Within the Keyboard Manager, you can remove individual key mappings or reset all custom remappings to default with just a few clicks. This flexibility allows you to experiment with different configurations and easily undo changes if they don’t meet your needs.

Extra: How to Disable the Windows Key in Windows 11

Featured-How-to-disable-the-Windows-key-in-Windows-11-and-Windows-10.jpg

Related: How to Make Emoji, Kamoji, and GIFs on Your Keyboard

assignment on keyboard

Related: How to Enable or Disable the Touchpad on Windows 11

Featured - How to Enable or Disable the Touchpad on Windows 11

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How to Position Hands on a Keyboard

Last Updated: August 10, 2017

wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. To create this article, volunteer authors worked to edit and improve it over time. This article has been viewed 156,991 times. Learn more...

Have you ever wondered if you are placing your hands incorrectly on the keyboard? Well read this if you are curious about keyboards and how to use them!

Step 1 Fix your keyboard so it stands up.

  • Those with experience will know how to strike the remainder of the keys of a keyboard, such as the shift key, Caps lock key, number keys/symbol keys and all the other keys on the keyboard.

Step 7 Place your left hand on the keyboard.

  • Make sure that the keyboard doesn't click when you place your hands down; otherwise the key will activate and, if you are in a typing box, the letter or keystroke will appear.

Step 8 Place your right hand on the keyboard.

  • The only time your hands should be lifted is when you should need a function key press. Otherwise it's hands-down without letting the keys make a sound until you need to start typing!

Step 9 Learn where your thumbs go.

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How To Remap the Keys on Any Laptop

It's possible to improve on your keyboard's defaults..

Photo of a Macbook

You may have never realized it, but you don’t necessarily have to settle for the keyboard defaults that you get on your laptop out of the box: If you want different keys to trigger different actions besides the default ones, it’s possible to customize them—and that opens up a wealth of new options for you in terms of productivity and getting stuff done. Here’s what you need to do to customize your key bindings on Windows laptops, MacBooks, and Chromebooks.

Related Content

Microsoft’s very own PowerToys is perhaps the best option for remapping keys on Windows, and you can download it here . Besides keyboard customizations, there are other tools for keeping certain windows on top of others, splitting up your desktop into custom zones, picking colors from anywhere on your computer screen, and more besides. When PowerToys launches after installation, you’ll see all these tools listed on the left.

For our purposes, you need to click the entry marked Keyboard Manager . You’ll get a brief spiel about how it works, and if you select Open Settings you can start making changes: With the Enable Keyboard Manager toggle switch turned on, click Remap a key to do just that. You need to specify the physical key (the actual key on your keyboard) and the mapped key (what happens when the physical key is pressed), and this is done by either picking out keys from a list or typing them directly.

Windows remapping software screenshot

The utility covers everything from individual key presses (make the E key put a B on the screen) to keyboard shortcuts (make Ctrl+V work like Ctrl+C instead) to function keys (make the F1 key work like the F2 key). For shortcuts, you need to choose Remap a shortcut from the main screen rather than Remap a key , but it works in the same way. On either dialog, click on the trash can on the right to remove a particular remap.

You do have a few third-party options when it comes to remapping keys and creating your own custom keyboard shortcuts on Windows. AutoHotKey is a more complex and more powerful scripting program, and it lets you do just about anything you like with specific key presses, from launching applications to filling out forms. There’s also an older tool called WinHotKey which still works with modern versions of Windows, enabling you to quickly and easily set up custom keyboard shortcuts.

There is some functionality built into macOS when it comes to remapping the keyboard, but it only applies to keyboard shortcuts (combinations of keys) rather than individual keys. Open up the Apple menu, choose System Preferences and then pick Keyboard and Shortcuts . You’ll be met with all the keyboard shortcuts that are currently set up on your Mac system—they’re organized by category, and you can use the checkboxes to toggle them on and off individually.

To modify any of these keyboard shortcuts, click the key press combination on the right to enter a new one. In some cases, there’s no current keyboard shortcut, so you can create a brand new one. If you try and set a keyboard shortcut that’s already been assigned to something else, you’ll see a warning in the form of a small yellow exclamation mark. To undo all of your changes, click Restore Defaults .

Mac remapping software screenshot

You can get more control over keyboard remapping with the help of a third-party application. The best one that we’ve come across for remapping individual keys is Remap Keyboard —it will set you back $7, but you can download and try it out for free to see if it suits your needs first. To set up a new customization, click the + (plus button) in the lower left corner, then tap the original key followed by the key (or shortcut) you want it to link to.

For even more control over shortcuts, Alfred is a comprehensive productivity tool for Mac that includes keyboard shortcut customizations as part of its repertoire of features—you can create some shortcuts for free while the most advanced ones require the Powerpack extension (that’s £29 or about $37). Another option is Keyboard Maestro , which can set up even more complicated shortcuts, tie them together, and take care of options like program launches and text macros—that will set you back $36, but there’s a free trial available.

Chromebook keyboards have their own set of particular quirks—like the way that the Caps Lock button is replaced by a Launcher button instead—but again, you don’t have to settle for the defaults if you don’t want to. This being Chrome OS though, you’re stuck with the options that Google has built into the operating system, and you can’t download and install third-party tools to tweak the keyboard further.

Click the clock (lower right) and then the cog icon to open up the Chrome OS Settings pane, then choose Device and Keyboard . You’ve got a few different options to play around with here: You can set the repeat rate speed for example, and change the language of the keyboard you’re using. The remap options are listed at the top of the screen, and these are the only customization options available on the Chromebook keyboard.

Chromebook remapping software screenshot

Pick from any of the entries in the list to reassign the function of the key. For example, you can click the entry for the aforementioned Launcher button and change it to the more conventional Caps Lock , if you want to. If you’re not happy with the Ctrl and Alt modifiers, then you can swap them around, or disable them altogether. The dedicated Assistant button can also be remapped.

Also note the Treat top-row keys as function keys toggle switch, which does exactly what the label suggests it might—you can use the top row of keys on your Chromebook for triggering conventional function keys instead of the default shortcuts. There’s also a link on this screen to see the built-in keyboard shortcuts on your Chromebook, although these can’t be edited.

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Keyboarding Education For The College Student.

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In the past, high school teachers prepared students for the business world by ensuring that they were capable of handwriting letters through the use of cursive and print. As technology gave way to typewriters, teachers began to prepare students for careers by teaching them to properly type letters on typewriters. Today, technology has led to the use of computers in nearly every business industry .

assignment on keyboard

With the widespread use of computers, it has become a necessity for young adults to know how to properly use this technology, including the proper use of the keyboard. Keyboarding is an invaluable skill among those in the workforce, as it is used to type business correspondences, e-mails, and memos, track expenses, and create websites. Keyboarding, however, is also an extremely important skill to have in college. Typing is necessary for college reports, research, e-mailing professors and classmates, and even note-taking. While most high school and college-aged students in today's world know how to operate computers and type, many may not know the proper techniques and finger strokes for maximum typing speed and accuracy. Following proper keyboarding technique can not only increase speed and accuracy, but prevent injuries and strains related to the repetitive and time-consuming typing that every college student experiences.

assignment on keyboard

Introduction to keyboarding.

The first step to learning proper keyboarding technique is to understand the layout of the keyboard itself. There are several different types of keyboard layouts, but the most common is known as the "QWERTY" layout. With this layout, the majority of usage lays within the top and middle rows of keys, with the left hand doing approximately 66% of the keystrokes. The "shift" key is also a popular key among the basic letters and numbers in this keyboard format. Holding the shift key in combination with keys that have two functions allows a person to easily type related punctuation. For instance, a person can type a semicolon with one stroke and then with the use of the "shift" key and the same semicolon key, type a colon. Once a person is familiar with the basic keyboard layout, it is time to focus on the proper typing technique. Before beginning, feet should be flat on the floor, the back straight against the chair with forearms slanted at the keyboard. The typist should keep their fingers curved and upright with their left-hand fingers on the asdf keys, right hand fingers on the jkl; keys and both thumbs resting on the space bar key. Their eyes should be focusing on the information they are to type. This may mean they are looking directly at the computer screen or to the side where a paper copy or book is located, but not directly at the keyboard or their hands.

assignment on keyboard

When the basics of keyboard layout, posture, and hand placement have been established, it is time to begin typing. Accuracy and speed are not important for beginners, as the basics of keyboarding are focused more on developing proper technique and finger strokes. Beginners should start by typing keys that are located on the middle row, where their hands are placed. This middle row of keys, asdf on the left hand and jkl; on the right hand, is known as home row. It is called home row because in proper typing technique, the hands always return to this position after a key stroke. It is ideal to begin practicing each of the keys on home row and then branching out to key strokes that are located in close proximity to the home row, to develop a feel for typing and returning to home row. When these keys become comfortable for the typist, they usually begin typing simple words and phrases that feature a more varied amount of keys. There are several lessons and games available online for beginners to practice each keystroke. When each keystroke has been mastered, the beginner can move on to more detailed typing.

Intermediate.

Although intermediate typists are familiar with the basic concepts of keyboarding, they require continual practice to maintain the fundamental knowledge they have gained. More complicated sentences featuring a variety of punctuation, capitalization, and special characters can be introduced into practice tests. Intermediate level punctuation includes the use of the "shift" key in combination with keys that have other uses. Typists at this level also begin to increase their typing speed and accuracy as they gain further knowledge of keyboard functions.

After the basics of keyboarding have been mastered, the most important step to improving keyboarding skills is simply practice. The more a typist practices, the faster and more accurate they become. For those with advanced keyboarding skills, speed and accuracy become increasingly important. There are many tests available online that can tell a person their typing speed as well as how accurate their keystrokes were during the test. This can be very useful to know, as employers in many office settings will want to know a potential employee's typing speed, and they may even require a typing test as part of an interview. Even more advanced and highly skilled typists may become interested in learning to use different keyboard layouts and typing in different languages.

assignment on keyboard

Keyboard shortcuts.

Keyboard shortcuts are often used in the academic and business world as a way to make computer operations much quicker. It takes time for a person that is typing to stop and use a mouse to perform another function. Since both hands are already on the keyboard while typing, these shortcuts are ideal for those who spend a lot of time working with computers. Many of the shortcuts are universal and used within many applications. For instance, the keys CTRL+V when pushed in unison enable a person to paste text in a word processing application, blank e-mail, social media platform, or other website. The same applies to shortcuts such as CTRL+A to select text, CTRL+C to copy text, and CTRL+F to find specific text on a page. While there are many keyboard shortcuts that are universal, there are also more specialized shortcuts for specific applications or operating systems that can be very useful for those who use them frequently. There are numerous guides that discuss keyboarding shortcuts, although many of them are featured beside the function button that one clicks with a mouse. For instance, when saving a document in most word processors, a person attempting to save a file will click the "file" menu and locate the "save" option. Many people simply click the "save" button and do not think twice; however, upon closer inspection, one will see that beside the text that states "save" there is also text that says CTRL+S on the right-hand side of the text. These codes listed beside the text are often the quickest and easiest way to learn the use of keyboard shortcuts.

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Proper Keyboard Finger Positioning (Keyboard Typing Chart)

assignment on keyboard

If you’re a keyboard enthusiast who loves to learn more about keyboards, learning about proper finger positioning on a keyboard would definitely make you super-excited because it will make your keyboarding experience all the more productive once you learn it.

You might be wondering, what is the Proper Keyboard Finger Positioning technique, and how do I use it? Well, that’s what I’m here to tell you.

In this article, I’m going to talk to you about Proper Keyboard Finger Positioning, why it is important, problems you can face if you don’t use it, standard techniques people use, and how you can master the proper keyboard finger positioning technique yourself to become a better keyboard user. So, without wasting any time whatsoever, let’s get started.

Proper Keyboard Finger Positioning (Keyboard Typing Chart)

Table of Contents

What is Proper Keyboard Finger Positioning?

Like every device, a keyboard also has a proper technique that allows the user to use it the best way, offering the most productivity and causing the least amount of strain. This particular way or technique of using a keyboard is known as proper keyboard finger positioning.

Many people worldwide are unfamiliar with this concept, and they believe that any stress or strain that they get from a keyboard is natural. However, that’s not the case. If a proper finger position were to be adopted, there would be no strain on the muscles or wrists of the user.

If more keyboard users adopt the proper keyboard finger position, device-induced problems wouldn’t exist. So, you need to remember that you need to try this position out and see the differences. You’ll surely be stunned by them.

What Finger Positioning Do People Usually Use?

You must be wondering, what position is considered standard and which one is commonly used by keyboard users who do not know how to place their fingers on a keyboard properly? Well, there’s no one common way of using the keyboard if you’re not aware of exactly how to place your fingers.

Many people end up keeping their fingers away from the keyboard when they’re using it. Some keep their left hand on the WASD keys while their right hand is on the arrow keys , and some people can’t type without looking at each character which can make typing very uncomfortable and a job that you’d look for an out of.

All these methods have some problems associated with them. But ultimately, they’re all uncomfortable and can lead to problems that you might not see coming yet. For example, if you want to test out your way of typing, you can close your eyes and try to type sentences blindly. If you’re unable to do so or don’t even get a single word right, your typing position is incorrect. And the sooner you fix it, the better for your keyboarding experience.

The 10-Finger Keyboard Positioning Technique

The best finger positioning technique for placing your fingers on the keyboard is the 10-finger keyboard positioning technique. In this technique, what you’re going to do is you’re going to place each of your 10 fingers on a key on the keyboard.

The fingers will be placed on the A, S, D, F, and J, K, L keys along with the spacebar key. If you’re concerned about how the placement of the fingers would go, let’s take a look at it.

The 10-Finger Keyboard Positioning Technique

Left-hand Placement

  • The pinky finger of the left hand would go on the A key.
  • The ring finger would go on the S key.
  • The middle finger would be placed on the D key.
  • The index finger will be on the F key.
  • The thumb would be placed on the left side of the spacebar.

Right-hand Placement

  • The index finger will be placed on the J key.
  • The middle finger would go on the K key.
  • You’ll place the ring finger on the L key.
  • The pinky will go on the; key.
  • And finally, you’re going to place the thumb on the right side of the spacebar.

The way this finger positioning helps your keyboarding experience out is that each of the fingers placed on the fixed keys will get to that particular commonly used key efficiently and get to the neighboring keys very quickly, essentially making your computer usage quite effective.

What Other Keys Can You Press With the 10-Finger Position?

If you’re wondering what other keys you can easily press using the 10-finger keyboard position and how exactly it benefits you over the standard position you go for, you’re lucky because I’ve made a list of the additional keys you can press with this technique. So let’s take a look at it right now.

Keys Left Pinky Finger Can Press in Addition to A

Keys Left Pinky Finger Can Press in Addition to A

A lot of the important function keys on the left side are in control of the left pinky. In addition to the A key, it is also responsible for pressing the following keys:

Z, Q, Left Ctrl, Left Shift, Caps Lock, 1, Tab, ~, And Even Esc at times

Keys Left Ring Finger can Press in Addition to S

Keys Left Ring Finger can Press in Addition to S

The ring finger on the left-hand controls the letter keys, which are needed for important typing. Here are the additional keys it presses:

W, X, 2, Left Alt.

Keys Left Middle Finger can Press in Addition to D

Keys Left Middle Finger can Press in Addition to D

With the middle finger, the frequency of keys is similar to the ring finger, but the importance of the keys is much more. So let’s take a look at them.

E, C, 3, 4.

Keys Left Pointer Finger can Press in Addition to F

Keys Left Pointer Finger can Press in Addition to F

The index finger, which is placed on the F key, has many workloads, but it can manage well due to its free position. Here are the keys you’ll press with this finger:

R, V, 5, 6, T, G, B.

Keys You can Press in Addition to Spacebar with Left thumb.

Keys You can Press in Addition to Spacebar with Left thumb.

The left thumb is responsible for pressing the spacebar and not many other keys. If you’re on windows, it will be used to press the Windows key at times.

Keys Right Pointer Finge can Press in Addition to J

Keys Right Pointer Finge can Press in Addition to J

If we talk about the ring finger,r which is on the J key, as the ring finger of the left hand, there are a lot of additional keys that can be reached easily. Here they are:

H, Y, B, U, N, 7, 8.

Keys Right Middle Finger can Press in Addition to K

Keys Right Middle Finger can Press in Addition to K

So, you’re holding the K key with your middle finger; Here are the additional keys you’ll hold with it.

I, M, 8, 9.

Keys Right Ring Finger can Press in Addition to L

Keys Right Ring Finger can Press in Addition to L

Placing the ring finger on the L key is pretty beneficial. Here are the keys you’ll be able to reach with it:

O, <, Right Alt, 0.

Keys Right Pinky Finger can Press in Addition to ;

Keys Right Pinky Finger can Press in Addition to ;

With the pinky finger of the right hand, you’re going to be able to get to a bunch of keys. Let’s take a look at them.

P, >, Right Ctrl, Right Shift, +, -, Backspace, Delete, Enter, and even the arrow keys .

Keys You can Press in Addition to Spacebar with the Right Thumb

Keys You can Press in Addition to Spacebar with the Right Thumb

The right thumb is usually used to hold the right side of the spacebar and no other keys, but you can use it to divide the keys of the right pinky to reduce the workload.

Typing Tips for Beginners Using the 10-Finger Positioning Technique

If you’re thinking of starting utilizing the 10-finger positioning technique for using your keyboard, it is high time for you to adopt a few other healthy changes and tips for your computer experience as well. So let’s take a look at some of the important typing tips and tricks you should follow.

  • Better Posture – First of all, making sure that you keep your posture upright, shoulders calm, and sit on a chair with your arms at a good distance from the keyboard is important. These practices will help you type better as well.
  • Ergonomic Keyboard – Next, using an ergonomic keyboard that supports the 10-finger placement technique is also a great trick to help you get used to the technique quickly and easily.
  • Wrist Positioning – Last but not least, you need to make sure your wrist position isn’t bent and is completely straight as you’re using the keyboard. All these tricks will make your keyboarding experience much better.

Why is Proper Positioning Important?

A lot of you may be wondering, “We’re already cool with our finger positioning style on our keyboards; why do we need to go for your so-called proper positioning technique?”. Well, it’s a fair question. So let me explain it to you using a proper example. In today’s digital age, the world revolves around the internet, global networks, and virtual communication. In this digital age, approximately 15 of your 24 hours end up being consumed by electronics and especially computers.

In fact, if you’re a gamer or someone who communicates with their friends over the internet, too, then make this span of time even larger. So simply what I want to say is that a huge chunk of our daily lives gets spent in front of the computer typing away at the keyboard.

If during this span we end up choosing to use a keyboard in its proper manner, placing our fingers at the right spots that increase our overall productivity, reduces our span of time in front of a screen, and also saves us from potential health problems in the future, then why shouldn’t we?

That’s why using a proper finger positioning technique is crucial if you want to become a better and more efficient keyboard user who knows what they’re doing. It is more of a matter of personal choice though, you can still choose to use your own technique, but over time, you may come to regret it.

Problems You Can face If You Don’t Adopt Proper Keyboard Positioning.

Since we’re on the topic of what could happen if you don’t use a proper keyboard positioning technique, it would be good to learn about the possible problems you might face. Let’s take a look at some issues bad finger positioning can cause in users.

  • Reduced Productivity – The thing about most people is that they consider themselves very productive without any practice or knowledge of the concept. A person is only as productive as much as they’re willing to adapt to changes around them. That includes keyboard finger positioning. If you don’t use the right positioning, you will get less work done in a long time.
  • Inability to do long-term work – When you’re using the wrong finger positioning technique and using your keyboard, you won’t be able to sit for long periods of time in front of the computer and type because of how exhausting, and unnatural your typing position is will be. It might even cause you pain to work like that.
  • Future health concerns – Many people don’t know this, but the wrong techniques of using keyboards can even lead to long-term health concerns. The muscles and joints of keyboard users and professionals who spend a lot of time on their computer desk can wear out over time and get diseases like bone damage, carpal tunnel syndrome, weak joints, etc.
  • Stressed Mind – If you’re constantly in a struggle with yourself and you can’t realize what is actually causing you the discomfort and pain you’re suffering, your mind won’t be able to focus and will just end up being stressed out about your condition. This is how the wrong keyboard finger position can stress your mind more than it is comfortable with.

Many people ask why proper finger positioning is important in typing. With the help of proper keyboard finger positioning, you can make your keyboarding experience quite productive and efficient. Moreover, you can also reduce the risks of potential injuries. So, make sure you adopt the 10-finger keyboard positioning technique and use it to help yourself get better at keyboarding. May you have a great day and life ahead of you!

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Keyboard Manager utility

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The PowerToys Keyboard Manager enables you to redefine keys on your keyboard.

For example, you can exchange the letter A for the letter B on your keyboard. When you press the A key, a B will be inserted.

PowerToys Keyboard Manager remap keys screenshot

You can exchange shortcut key combinations. For example: The shortcut key Ctrl + C will copy text in many applications. With PowerToys Keyboard Manager utility, you can swap that shortcut for ⊞ Win + C . Now, ⊞ Win + C will copy text. If you do not specify a targeted application in PowerToys Keyboard Manager, the shortcut exchange will be applied globally across Windows.

Also, you can exchange key or shortcut to arbitrary unicode text sequence. For example, you can exchange the letter H for the text Hello! . When you press the H key, Hello! will be inserted. Similarly, you can use shortcut Ctrl + G to send some text (e.g. Hello from shortcut! ).

PowerToys Keyboard Manager must be enabled (with PowerToys running in the background) for remapped keys and shortcuts to be applied. If PowerToys is not running, key remapping will no longer be applied.

There are some shortcut keys that are reserved by the operating system or cannot be replaced. Keys that cannot be remapped include:

  • ⊞ Win + L and Ctrl + Alt + Del cannot be remapped as they are reserved by the Windows OS.
  • The Fn (function) key cannot be remapped (in most cases). The F1 ~ F12 (and F13 ~ F24 ) keys can be mapped.
  • Pause will only send a single key-down event. So mapping it against the backspace key, for instance, and pressing and holding will only delete a single character.
  • ⊞ Win + G often opens the Xbox Game Bar, even when reassigned. Game Bar can be disabled in Windows Settings .

To create mappings with Keyboard Manager, open the PowerToys Settings. In PowerToys Settings, on the Keyboard Manager tab, you will see options to:

  • Open the Remap Keys settings window by selecting Remap a key
  • Open the Remap Shortcuts settings window by selecting Remap a shortcut

Remapping keys

To remap a key, open the Remap Keyboard settings window with Remap a Key . When first opened, no predefined mappings will be displayed. Select Add key remapping to add a new remap. Note that various keyboard keys actually send a shortcut.

Once a new remap row appears, select the input key whose output you want to change in the “Select” column. Select the new key, shortcut or text value to assign in the “To send” column.

For example, to press A and have B appear:

To swap key positions between the A and B keys, add another remapping with:

Keyboard Remap Keys screenshot

Remapping a key to a shortcut

To remap a key to a shortcut (combination of keys), enter the shortcut key combination in the "To send" column.

For example, to press the Ctrl key and have it result in ⊞ Win + ← (left arrow):

Key remapping will be maintained even if the remapped key is used inside another shortcut. The order of key press matters in this scenario as the action is executed during key-down, not key-up. For example, pressing Ctrl + C would result as ⊞ Win + left arrow + C . Pressing the Ctrl key will first execute ⊞ Win + left arrow . Pressing the C key first will execute C + ⊞ Win + left arrow .

Remapping a key to text

To remap a key to arbitrary unicode text, in the "To send" column first select "Text" in the combo box and then fill the text box with wanted text.

For example, to press the H key and have it result in Hello! :

Remapping shortcuts

To remap a shortcut key combination, like Ctrl + C , select Remap a shortcut to open the Remap Shortcuts settings window.

When first opened, no predefined mappings will be displayed. Select Add shortcut remapping to add a new remap.

When a new remap row appears, select the input keys whose output you want to change in the “Select” column. Select the new shortcut value to assign in the “To send” column.

For example, the shortcut Ctrl + C copies selected text. To remap that shortcut to use the Alt key, rather than the Ctrl key:

Keyboard Remap Shortcut screenshot

There are a few rules to follow when remapping shortcuts. These rules only apply to the "Shortcut" column.

  • Shortcuts must begin with a modifier key: Ctrl , Shift , Alt , or ⊞ Win
  • Shortcuts must end with an action key (all non-modifier keys): A, B, C, 1, 2, 3, etc.
  • Shortcuts cannot exceed four keys in length, or five if the shortcut is a 'chord'.

Shortcuts with chords

Shortcuts can be created with one or more modifiers and two non-modifier keys. These are called "chords". In order to create a chord, select Edit to open the dialog to record the shortcut using the keyboard. Once opened, toggle on the Allow chords switch. This allows you to enter two non-modifier keys. For example, you can create shortcuts using a chord based on 'V' for V olume U p and V olume D own like this:

Chords are handy if you have a number of shortcuts that are similar, and it makes sense to have them all start with the same non-modifier key.

Remap a shortcut to a single key

It is possible to remap a shortcut (key combination) to a single key press by selecting Remap a shortcut in PowerToys Settings.

For example, to replace the shortcut ⊞ Win + ← (left arrow) with a single key press Alt :

Shortcut remapping will be maintained even if the remapped key is used inside another shortcut. The order of key press matters in this scenario as the action is executed during key-down, not key-up. For example: pressing ⊞ Win + ← + Shift would result in Alt + Shift .

Remap a shortcut to text

For example, to replace the shortcut Ctrl + G with Hello! text, choose Text in the combo box and enter "Hello!":

Remap a shortcut to start an app

Keyboard Manager enables you to start applications with the activation of any shortcut. Choose Start App for the action in the "To:" column. There are a few options to configure when using this type of shortcut.

Remap a shortcut to open a URI

This type of shortcut action will open a URI. The only input is the actual Path/URI. Almost anything you can issue on the command line should work. See Launch an app with a URI for more examples.

App-specific shortcuts

Keyboard Manager enables you to remap shortcuts for only specific apps (rather than globally across Windows).

For example, in the Outlook email app the shortcut Ctrl + E is set by default to search for an email. If you prefer instead to set Ctrl + F to search your email (rather than forward an email as set by default), you can remap the shortcut with "Outlook" set as your "Target app".

Keyboard Manager uses process-names (not application names) to target apps. For example, Microsoft Edge is set as "msedge" (process name), not "Microsoft Edge" (application name). To find an application's process name, open PowerShell and enter the command get-process or open Command Prompt and enter the command tasklist . This will result in a list of process names for all applications you currently have open. Below is a list of a few popular application process names.

How to select a key

To select a key or shortcut to remap:

  • Select Select .
  • Use the drop-down menu.

Once you select Select , a dialog window will open in which you can enter the key or shortcut, using your keyboard. Once you’re satisfied with the output, hold Enter to continue. To leave the dialog, hold Esc .

Using the drop-down menu, you can search with the key name and additional drop-down values will appear as you progress. However, you can not use the type-key feature while the drop-down menu is open.

Orphaning Keys

Orphaning a key means that you mapped it to another key and no longer have anything mapped to it. For example, if the key is remapped from A to B , then a key no longer exists on your keyboard that results in A . To remind you of this, a warning will display for any orphaned keys. To fix this, create another remapped key that is mapped to result in A .

PowerToys Keyboard Manager orphaned key

Frequently asked questions

I remapped the wrong keys, how can i stop it quickly.

For key remapping to work, PowerToys must be running in the background and Keyboard Manager must be enabled. To stop remapped keys, close PowerToys or disable Keyboard Manager in the PowerToys settings.

Can I use Keyboard Manager at my log-in screen?

No, Keyboard Manager is only available when PowerToys is running and doesn't work on any password screen, including while Run As Admin.

Do I have to restart my computer or PowerToys for the remapping to take effect?

No, remapping should occur immediately upon pressing OK .

Where are the Mac/Linux profiles?

Currently Mac and Linux profiles are not included.

Will this work on video games?

We suggest that you avoid using Keyboard Manager when playing games as it may affect the game's performance. It will also depend on how the game accesses your keys. Certain keyboard APIs do not work with Keyboard Manager.

Will remapping work if I change my input language?

Yes it will. Right now if you remap A to B on English (US) keyboard and then change the language setting to French, typing A on the French keyboard ( Q on the English US physical keyboard) would result in B , this is consistent with how Windows handles multilingual input.

Can I have different key mappings across multiple keyboards?

Currently no. We are not aware of an API where we can see the input and which device it came from. The typical use case here is a laptop with an external keyboard connected.

I see keys listed in the drop down menus that don't work. Why is that?

Keyboard Manager lists mappings for all known physical keyboard keys. Some of these mappings may not be available on your keyboard as there may not be a physical key that it corresponds to. For instance: the Start App 1 option shown below is only available on keyboards that physically have a Start App 1 key. Trying to map to and from this key on a keyboard that does not support the Start App 1 key will result in undefined behavior.

PowerToys Keyboard Manager List of Keys

Troubleshooting

If you have tried to remap a key or shortcut and are having trouble, it could be one of the following issues:

  • Run As Admin: Remapping will not work on an app or window if that window is running in administrator (elevated) mode and PowerToys is not running as administrator. Try running PowerToys as an administrator .
  • Not intercepting keys: Keyboard Manager intercepts keyboard hooks to remap your keys. Some apps that also do this can interfere with Keyboard Manager. To fix this, go to the settings, disable and enable Keyboard Manager.

Known Issues

  • Keyboard Manager should not be used when playing video games. Keyboard Manager interception of key presses currently will impact the FPS.
  • Remapping keys like Win, Ctrl, Alt or Shift may break gestures and some special keys
  • AltGr and Ctrl+Alt gives issues, since AltGr behaves as (L)Ctrl + (R)Alt and remapping one of these keys can break the function.
  • Note that some keyboard keys actually send a shortcut. Common examples are the Office key (Win+Ctrl+Alt+Shift) and the Copilot key (Win + C or Left-Shift + Windows key + F23).

See the list of all open keyboard manager issues .

Windows developer

Coming soon: Throughout 2024 we will be phasing out GitHub Issues as the feedback mechanism for content and replacing it with a new feedback system. For more information see: https://aka.ms/ContentUserFeedback .

Submit and view feedback for

Additional resources

How to change keyboard layout on Windows 10

If you have to use more than one keyboard layout on Windows 10, in this guide, I'll show you how.

Change keyboard layout

  • Chang layout
  • Remove layout

On Windows 10 , in the initial setup, you usually get prompted to configure additional keyboard layouts. However, you can always add or remove layouts if you don't choose the correct setting or must type in another language.

Typically, changing the input settings is uncommon, but there are many situations when you might need to. For instance, sometimes you may need to switch to the Spanish layout to write words that include special characters like "Ñ," or prefer a different layout, such as the United States-Dvorak.

Whatever the reason it might be, Windows 10 ships with easy settings to add, remove, and change layouts for hardware and touch keyboards.

In this how-to guide , I will walk you through the steps to manage keyboard layouts on Windows 10.

How to add keyboard layout on Windows 10

To add a new keyboard layout on Windows 10, use these steps:

  • Open Settings .
  • Click on Time & Language.
  • Click on Language .
  • Under the "Preferred languages" section, select the current default language.
  • Click the Options button.

Language option

  • Under the "Keyboards" section, click the "Add a keyboard" button.
  • Select the new keyboard layout to add to Windows 10.

Add new keyboard layout

  • Repeat steps 6 and 7 to add more layouts.

Once you complete the steps, the new keyboard layout will be added to the device, and you can switch between them using the instructions below.

While changing layouts is straightforward, it'll reconfigure some of the keyboard keys, which means some of the keys may print a different character depending on the layout.

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To switch between keyboard layouts on Windows 10, use these steps:

  • Click the Input Indicator icon in Taskbar (bottom right).
  • Select the new keyboard layout.

Windows 10 change keyboard layout from taskbar

  • Repeat steps 1 and 2 to switch back to the default layout.

After you complete the steps, you can start typing with the new keyboard layout.

Enable Input Indicator

If the Input Indicator is not present in the Taskbar, you can enable it through the Settings app.

To enable the Input Indicator on Windows 10, use these steps:

  • Click on Personalization .
  • Click on Taskbar .
  • Under the "Notification area" section, click the "Turn system icons on or off" option.

Turn system icons on or off

  • Turn on the Input Indicator toggle switch.

Windows 10 enable Input Indicator

Once you complete the steps, the icon will appear in the Taskbar's notification area to access the layouts and switch between them. You can also use the "Windows key + Spacebar" keyboard shortcut to cycle between the available keyboard layouts quickly.

How to remove keyboard layout on Windows 10

To remove a keyboard layout on Windows 10, use these steps:

  • Under the "Keyboards" section, select the keyboard to remove from the list.
  • Click the Remove button.

Windows 10 remove keyboard layout

  • Repeat steps 6 and 7 to remove additional layouts.

Once you complete the steps, the keyboard layout will be removed from the device.

More resources

For more helpful articles, coverage, and answers to common questions about Windows 10 and Windows 11, visit the following resources:

  • Windows 11 on Windows Central — All you need to know
  • Windows 10 on Windows Central — All you need to know

Mauro Huculak is technical writer for WindowsCentral.com. His primary focus is to write comprehensive how-tos to help users get the most out of Windows 10 and its many related technologies. He has an IT background with professional certifications from Microsoft, Cisco, and CompTIA, and he's a recognized member of the Microsoft MVP community.

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How to Remap Keyboard in Windows 10, 8, 7, and Vista

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Remap Keyboard in Windows 10 Using Third Party Tools

Why the need of remapping windows keyboard.

  • If you break any of the keys on the keyboard or it stops working on its on, remapping your Windows 10 keys is a good option.
  • If you work interchangeably on Windows and Mac and want to use a Windows keyboard on Mac . I have found that remapping left Alt button to Ctrl helps a lot.
  • If you use your PC primarily for gaming, than remapping some keys can help you improve your gameplay.
  • If you work a job where you have to use one key a lot, remapping it to a key which is easily reachable can improve your workflow.

So, if any of these reasons make sense to you, here is how you can remap keyboard on your Windows 10, 8,7, and Windows machine.

Remap Keys on Windows 10 with SharpKeys

  • On the main screen of SharpKeys, click on “Add.”

Add Key

  • This will open a key mapping window. Here, from the left pane, select the key that you want should perform some other action . And from the right pane, select the key whose function you want it to perform . You can also click on “Type Key” available at the bottom of both the panes, and then tap your desired key to make that selection. Once you’ve made your selection, click on “OK” to continue. On my computer, I wanted to turn off the Scroll Lock, so I selected “Special: Scroll Lock” from the left pane and “Turn Key Off” from the right.

Select Keys

  • When you come back on the main screen of the tool, you should now see the entry of the remapping that you want to do. To finalize this, click on “Write to Registry.”

Write to Registry

Reassign Keyboard Keys in Windows 10 Using Other Tools

1. keytweak.

KeyTweak is a tool which offers multiple ways – three, to be precise – to remap a key. The first is using the virtual keyboard. This method allows you to choose a key that you want to map, and then select the key, from a drop-down menu, to which you want to map it. The second way, the Half Teach Mode, works very similarly. The third (and the last) way is the Full Teach Mode. This allows you to press both the from and to mapping keys. Using this tool can get a bit of confusing as this uses scan-codes instead of the usual characters.

KeyMapper

2. Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator

Microsoft Keyboard Layout Creator

3. AutoHotkey

AutoHotkey takes a different approach for remapping the keys. Instead of the standard registry tweaking, it allows you to create scripts that you can run . A major advantage that you get with this tool is the ability to export the scripts as executable files. Though this does not have an interface as such, the steps for creating and executing scripts can easily be found in the tutorial of the tool. This tool brings more features and is really powerful. Not only you can remap keyboard keys but you can also create key binds, create keyboard executable automation, and more . Note that all these pro features also mean that you will have to invest time in learning this app. If you just want to remap your Windows keyboard, the above tools will be more than enough.

AutoHotKey

4. Key Remapper

4. Key Remapper

Remap Keys on Windows 10 with PowerToys

How to Remap Keyboard in Windows 10, 8, 7, and Vista

Install: ( Free )

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you fix keyboard typing wrong characters, why is my laptop not typing, how do i change my laptop keyboard back to normal, what are keyboard hotkeys, how do you fix keys on a laptop keyboard.

You’ll have to replace the laptop keyboard or remap the non-functional keys with functional ones using one of the apps like SharpKeys, KeyTweak, or PowerToys.

What is key mapping?

How do i unlock my keyboard on windows 10, why are my keyboard buttons messed up, how do you check if all keyboard keys are working, remap keyboard in windows 10 easily with these tools.

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Thanks, works like a charm.

tried keytweak and it worked for me

Programmable keyboard like Corsair. Take it with you.

I think it’s better to go with standard one: https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/surface/mouse-and-keyboard-center-download-f5b10905-7887-eedb-2f1c-d0737a36a3b2

Works with microsoft products only

Thanks will try. I spilled beer over my keyboard, cleaned it, almost all keys work except k and p for some reason. So i will switch keys with ; or [

Another reason to need this: my Lenovo Yoga 510 has the right-hand shift key *outside* the up arrow, meaning I keep hitting UP and finding I’m typing in the middle of the line above, when I meant to capitalise a word. I might eventually get used to this but looked for a way of remapping instead – a new skill for me, delighted to find it can be done. Off to try SharpKeys now, and if it’s easy as it sounds, I can see myself customising my keyboard in lots of ways… Having a right-hand Function key instead of the AltGr that I almost never use, for example… yabbadabbadoo, fun fun fun.

Thx for add end of the software, i really like that software :3 (i am not friend with that person, i am a person download this software for osu)

ANOTHER REASON TO REMAP: If you have a weak right hand pinky like me, you can remap the Shift key to the never used (by me anyway) but thumb-pressable right ALT key (just to the right of the spacebar).

I want to be able to press the “star” key and have it print my name. I could do this in windows 7.

AutoHotKey can do that. See the description in the article above.

Todas o no servían o era demasiado complicadas Excepto por la 4. Key Remapper

Muchas gracias

Do any of these solutions let you quickly switch between mappings? A *lot* of laptop keyboards nowadays are coming without the embedded numeric keypad, and it’s driving me nuts – I don’t want to have to carry a separate keypad that is easily broken or lost. The ability to quickly switch between normal and custom with a quick keypress would be invaluable.

I have a laptop PC with a US key layout. Which is mostly OK, except that I have the machine set to UK, and I also sometimes use a separate UK keyboard. If I remap the keys so that they do what they say on the keycaps, it will be wrong when I plug in the external keyboard.

Is there a way to have a different keyboard map depending on whether an external keyboard is attached or not?

Willing to use AutoHotKey if it’s clever enough.

thnx a lot realy helped me <3

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How to remap a keyboard on a Mac

Use free software to swap keys around, reassign shortcuts, and even control your mouse cursor with your keyboard..

By Nathan Edwards , a senior reviews editor who's been testing tech since 2007. Previously at Wirecutter and MaximumPC. Current fixations: keyboards, DIY tech, and the smart home.

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Image of a MacBook Pro on a stylized background.

Say you’re a Mac user who just got a fancy new keyboard, but it has a Windows layout. Or you want to use the same keyboard with both Windows and Mac machines. Or you’ve gotten used to a specific layout, and now your muscle memory is all wrong.

The biggest differences between Macs and Windows PCs are in the bottom row modifier keys. Windows computers have Ctrl, Win, and Alt, whereas Macs have Control, Option, and Command. macOS automatically maps the Alt to Option and Win to Command. But Windows uses the Control key for most of the shortcuts that Macs use the Command key for, which means you have to remember to copy / paste using your pinkie on one computer and using your index finger on another. Who wants that?

You could try to rewire your brain — and there’s something to be said for neuroplasticity — or you could remap your keyboard so the modifiers are where your fingers want them to be. 

If you have a fancy mechanical keyboard , it might come with software to let you remap the keys at the hardware level . Or your keyboard might have a Mac / Windows switch that flips the modifier positions. But you can remap any keyboard, including the one on your MacBook, with a couple of free macOS tools. 

How to remap modifier keys in macOS Ventura or Monterey

Screenshot of the Modifier Keys dialog in macOS Ventura.

If you just want to put the modifier keys where your fingers expect them to be, you can do that within macOS. 

If you’re using macOS Ventura:

  • Open System Settings , scroll to Keyboard , and select Keyboard Shortcuts…  
  • Hit Modifier Keys at the bottom of the left menu pane. 
  • Select your keyboard from the dropdown menu. 

If you’re using macOS Monterey:

  • Open System Preferences and select Keyboard . 
  • Hit the Modifier Keys … button on the lower right 

Here you can swap the locations of Caps Lock, Control, Option, Command, and Function (or Globe) keys. On my MacBook’s built-in keyboard, I use this to put the Command key where Caps Lock usually goes since that’s where I put it on my other keyboards. On my external keyboard, I’ve already changed Caps Lock to Control in the firmware, so I use this tool to swap Control and Command, which puts Command on the Caps Lock key on that keyboard, too. 

Yes, this is weird. But not as weird as dedicating a giant key on the home row to Caps Lock. 

Remap your entire keyboard in macOS using Karabiner Elements

Screenshot of the Simple Modifications tab of Karabiner Elements

For more complex modifications or to remap other keys, you can use a free program called Karabiner Elements . Karabiner can assign just about any keycode to any key, as well as perform more complex modifications. I use it to swap the Backspace and backslash keys on my MacBook’s internal keyboard to match my external keyboard and swap Command and Control on my external keyboard in lieu of the built-in tool. 

Karabiner can do much more than just swap key positions, though. You can change the functions of the function keys, assign hotkeys to launch specific programs or send multiple keycodes with one key — turning Caps Lock into Cmd + Control + Option + Shift, for example. You can make keys do one thing when tapped and another when held, use the keyboard to control the mouse cursor, and more. And you can assign different behaviors to different keyboards. 

Screenshot of the “Complex Modifications” tab of Karabiner Elements

The easiest way to mess around with complex modifications using Karabiner is to download a few that other users have submitted . You can also write your own in a JSON file, but that’s way outside the scope of this article. Even the web GUI that was built to make it easier is not exactly beginner friendly. 

One word of caution: make sure you don’t double-dip. I couldn’t figure out why my Command and Control keys weren’t swapped until I realized that I had set up the same swap in both macOS and Karabiner Elements. To paraphrase Mitch Hedberg : I remapped a remap; it was back to normal. 

I’ve barely scratched the surface of Karabiner Elements myself. Though my preference is still for keyboards where you can do all of the above in firmware, Karabiner works on any old keyboard, and that’s why it’s great. 

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Guiding Tech

6 Ways to Open On-Screen Keyboard in Windows 11

assignment on keyboard

Ankita enjoys exploring and writing about technology. Starting as a script and copywriter, her keen interest in the digital world pulled her towards technology. With GT, she has found her calling in writing about and simplifying the world of tech for others. On any given day, you can catch her chained to her laptop, meeting deadlines, writing scripts, and watching shows (any language!).

Windows laptops come equipped with keyboards. In addition to this, users also have the option of going for an external keyboard . But do you know that you can also use a virtual, on-screen keyboard in Windows 11? Keep reading to know more.

Open On-Screen Keyboard in Windows 11

The virtual keyboard or, as it is officially known, the On-Screen Keyboard in Windows 11 can be a good replacement if you’re facing issues with your other keyboards. You can also use it to type without a physical keyboard and enter confidential information safely on your device. Let’s show you all the ways to access it.

Windows 11

Windows 11 Home (Digital Download)

1. using keyboard shortcut.

One of the easiest ways to open the On-Screen Keyboard in Windows 11 is by using the keyboard shortcut. Simply press the Windows + Ctrl + O keys and wait for the visual keyboard to open. In case you’re unable to use your keyboard, keep reading to know other ways to open the touch keyboard in Windows 11.

Also Read : 2 ways to remap keyboard keys in Windows 11

2. Using Windows Search

Using the Search bar on Windows 11, you can look up pretty much every feature or function currently available. This also includes looking up and opening the On-Screen Keyboard. Here’s how to do it.

Step 1: Go to the taskbar and click on the Search bar.

Step 2: Here, either type ‘ On-Screen Keyboard ‘ or osk .

Step 3: Then, click on the app from the search results.

Open On-screen keyboard from search

This will open the touch keyboard in Windows 11.

3. Using the Sign-in Screen

The Windows sign-in screen has more functions than logging you in. Apart from the sign-in options, you can also access power options and enable certain accessibility features. One of these is the On-Screen Keyboard. Follow the below steps to access the accessibility menu and open the virtual keyboard from the Windows sign-in screen.

Step 1: Boot your device.

Step 2: On the sign-in screen, click on the Accessibility icon.

Step 3: Turn on the ‘On-screen keyboard’ toggle.

Open On-screen keyboard from boot

Once the virtual keyboard appears, you can proceed to enter your PIN/password and sign in. The On-Screen Keyboard will be visible to you even after signing in.

4. Using the Settings Menu

Just like any other Windows setting or feature, the On-Screen Keyboard also has a place in the Windows Settings menu. Using this, you can toggle on the virtual keyboard with ease. Here’s how:

Step 1: Use the Windows + I keys to open Settings.

Step 2: From the menu options, click on Accessibility.

Step 3: Then, click on Keyboard.

Click on Accessibility & click on Keyboard

Step 4: Scroll down and turn on the toggle for ‘On-screen keyboard’.

Turn toggle on

There might be a lag between turning on the toggle and the virtual keyboard opening on Windows. However, if after a few minutes, the keyboard still doesn’t appear, turn the toggle off and back on and check again.

5. Using Ease of Access Center

Using the Ease of Access Center in the Control Panel, you can adjust and access settings relevant to the visual, auditory, and mobility configuration of your device. This also means that for your ease of typing, you can open the On-screen keyboard using the Control Panel options. Here’s how.

Step 1: Go to Search and type Control Panel . Then, open the app from the search results.

Open Control Panel from Search

Step 2: Here, click on ‘Ease of Access’.

Click on Ease of Access

Step 3: Then, click on ‘Ease of Access Center’.

Click on Ease of Access Center

Step 4: Go to the ‘Quick access to common tools’ section and click on ‘Start On-Screen Keyboard’.

Click on Start On-Screen Keyboard

Now, use this virtual keyboard and type without a physical keyboard on Windows 11.

6. Using the Run Command

The Run window lets you quickly run or open a program, as long as the correct command is entered in the command line. This means you can also use it to open the touch keyboard in Windows 11. Follow the below steps to do it.

Note: You can use this command with Command Prompt as well to open the On-Screen Keyboard in Windows 11.

Step 1: Use the Windows + R key to open the Run window.

Step 2: Here, type osk and either press enter or click on OK.

Open On-Screen Keyboard using Run

Once the command is executed successfully, the On-Screen Keyboard will open on your Windows 11 device.

Bonus: Pin On-Screen Keyboard to Start

If you constantly use the On-Screen Keyboard, you can pin the keyboard shortcut to the Start menu. This will add the app in between all your other pinned apps, making it easier to access. Follow the below steps to do it.

Step 1: Click on Start.

Step 2: Here, click on All apps.

Click on Start & click on App apps

Step 3: Then, click on Accessibility.

Step 4: Once the list of apps opens, right-click on ‘On-Screen Keyboard’.

Right-click on On-Screen Keyboard

Step 5: Click on ‘Pin to Start’.

Click on Pin to Start

Now, you will be able to instantly access the visual keyboard from the Pinned apps menu.

FAQs for Using On-Screen Keyboard in Windows 11

Open Device Manager and right-click on your keyboard’s driver. Here, click on Uninstall device. Then, click on Uninstall. While this will disable your laptop’s keyboard until the next restart, for a more permanent solution, check out our guide on how to disable your laptop keyboard .

Follow the above steps and either turn the toggle off or click on the x icon to close the On-Screen Keyboard on Windows 11.

Type Worry-Free

So there were all the ways you can use to enable the On-Screen Keyboard in Windows 11. On the off chance that you’ve been facing issues using the On-Screen Keyboard, check our other to fix On-Screen Keyboard not working on Windows .

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Last updated on 19 February, 2024

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The article above may contain affiliate links which help support Guiding Tech. The content remains unbiased and authentic and will never affect our editorial integrity.

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How to change or tweak keyboard layouts in Windows 11

Windows 11 is an operating system that's friendly to users from all over the world, speaking all kinds of different languages. If you've moved to a new country and aren't comfortable with the language, you can easily change the language on your PC to match what you're most comfortable with. But you can also change the language and layout used for your keyboard, which affects things like spellchecking, but also how you enter certain special characters.

Say you're using your new laptop or keyboard in US English, but you speak Portuguese, which has a lot of accents. Changing the keyboard layout can help you make the most of your keyboard, even though it's not designed to be used in Portuguese.

How to use special characters in Windows 11

Add a keyboard layout in windows 11.

Adding a keyboard layout in Windows 11 is easy, as long as you know the keyboard layout you want to use. Here's how it goes:

  • Open the Settings app.
  • Choose Time & language from the menu on the left.
  • Click Language & region.
  • Next to the language you want to manage (say, English (United States) , in this case), click the ... (ellipsis) icon and choose Language options .
  • Scroll down to Keyboards and click Add a keyboard .
  • Choose the keyboard layout you want to use. As an example, in the situation mentioned above, for using Portuguese characters on a United States keyboard, you'd want to use the United States-International keyboard.

Your new keyboard layout will now be available to use at any time. To switch between your available keyboard layouts and languages, you can press Windows + Space on your keyboard. You can see an indicator of the language and layout being used in the bottom right corner of your taskbar.

Remove a keyboard layout in Windows 11

If you don't want to get mixed up with your old keyboard layout and your new one, you can simply remove the old one after adding a new one. It's a fairly simple process:

  • Follow steps 1 through 4 in the section above to go to your language options.
  • Scroll down to the Keyboards section and click the ... (ellipsis) button next to the keyboard you want to delete, and choose Remove .

This will remove the keyboard layout from the input switching menu ( Windows + Space ) so you no longer have to use any one layout by accident.

Add or remove a language

You can use pretty much any keyboard layout with any language, but using different languages can change the built-in spellchecking and autocorrect tool in Windows 11, so you might want to add the languages you type in frequently to avoid having Windows interfere with what you're saying. Doing this is also fairly easy:

  • Head to Time & language and then Language & region .
  • Click Add a language near the top of the page.
  • Search for the language you want to add. You can see icons next to each language that indicate the features available for that language.
  • Click the language you want and then Nex t .
  • Select the features you want to enable. If you just want to be able to use spellchecking in a language, you can uncheck all the boxes, since basic typing is always added by default.
  • Click Install .
  • After adding a language, you may also need to add a keyboard layout to it by following the steps in the section above, as the default may not work for you.

If you regret adding a language, you can easily remove it using the ... (ellipsis) button, and then choose Remove .

Windows 11 adapts to your needs

Adding and removing a keyboard layout and language isn't something most people will need to do, but if you have imported a laptop or keyboard, or you moved to a new country and want to keep using the old keyboard layout, this capability makes it much easier to adapt Windows 11 to your needs.

How to use the Settings app on Windows 11

How to change or tweak keyboard layouts in Windows 11

Alex Cora blindsides Red Sox fans with unexpected injury to key player

By katie manganelli | jun 4, 2024.

Boston Red Sox v Baltimore Orioles

The Boston Red Sox have moved rookie outfielder Wilyer Abreu to the injured list after a freak injury.

On the June 4 episode of WEEI's "Jones and Mego" Show, Red Sox manager Alex Cora said Abreu will be placed on the injured list with an ankle sprain. The young outfielder will see a specialist in the coming days to determine the extent of the injury.

Abreu's ankle sprain didn't occur on the field. He slipped down the dugout steps during Boston's June 2 game against the Tigers. Abreu immediately winced in pain, but the Red Sox were hopeful that a few day's rest would set him right.

The Red Sox are already short two outfielders —  Tyler O'Neill and Masataka Yoshida are out of commission for Boston, which leaves its usually packed outfield with Jarren Duran, Ceddanne Rafaela and Rob Refsnyder. The remaining three are playing well on both sides of the ball, but the Red Sox's depth has been severely tested this season.

Red Sox place Wilyer Abreu on IL, Tyler O'Neill to begin rehab assignment on June 4

Alex Cora tells @WEEI that Wilyer Abreu will go on the IL with his ankle injury. — Alex Speier (@alexspeier) June 4, 2024

Abreu has made countless stellar defensive plays in right field and his defense will be sorely missed during his stay on the IL. His bat has also been key to Boston's offense, as he's slashing .272/.344/.485 with a .829 OPS, six homers, 14 doubles and two triples.

The Red Sox's outfield may not be strapped for long, though. O'Neill will start his rehab assignment with Worcester on June 4 and Cora hopes he can be back with the Sox the following day. Yoshida has also been swinging a bat and participating in more baseball activities, slowly working his way back to the lineup.

It is not yet certain how long Abreu will spend on the IL, but the Red Sox's lineup is as decimated as it was in mid-April when Boston lost three starters and Triston Casas to injuries around the same time. The 2024 injury bug has been relentless to a Red Sox team that wasn't built with enough depth to thrive.

More Red Sox reads:

  • SI SWIMSUIT
  • SI SPORTSBOOK
  • TRANSACTIONS

Cincinnati Reds Activate TJ Friedl From Injured List, Designate Mike Ford for Assignment

Greg kuffner | may 29, 2024.

May 9, 2024; Cincinnati, Ohio, USA; Cincinnati Reds outfielder TJ Friedl (29) reacts after hitting a single in the seventh inning against the Arizona Diamondbacks at Great American Ball Park. Mandatory Credit: Katie Stratman-USA TODAY Sports

  • Cincinnati Reds

The Cincinnati Reds have activated TJ Friedl from the injured list. To make room for the move, they designated Mike Ford for assignment.

Friedl was only able to play in six games after coming back from his broken wrist before he was hit by a pitch and fracturing his thumb.

He was a vital part of the Reds offense in 2023, posting a .279/.352/.467 slash line.

The Reds take on the St. Louis Cardinals in the finale of the three game series today at 1:10 ET.

View this post on Instagram A post shared by TJ Friedl (@tj_friedl6)

Make sure you  bookmark Cincinnati Reds Talk  for the latest news, exclusive interviews, and daily coverage of the Cincinnati Reds!

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COMMENTS

  1. How to remap any key on your keyboard in Windows 11 or 10

    Select the key to remap by either picking it in the left-side menu or clicking Type Key and typing it. (Image credit: Future) 5. Select the key to remap to from the right-side menu and Click Ok ...

  2. How to Remap Your Keyboard

    Once you've downloaded PowerToys onto your device, select Keyboard Manager and toggle Enable Keyboard Manager. You'll find separate sections for remapping keys and remapping shortcuts, each of which can be adjusted to your liking. Some keys and shortcuts cannot be remapped in Keyboard Manager, and these limitations are highlighted on the ...

  3. How do I reassign hot keys for my keyboard?

    Download and install the Microsoft Mouse and Keyboard Center. Connect the keyboard that you want to configure. Select the Start button, and then select Microsoft Mouse and Keyboard Center. From the displayed list of key names, select the key that you want to reassign. In the command list of the key that you want to reassign, select a command.

  4. Shortcuts, Hotkeys, Macros, Oh My: How to Remap Your Keyboard

    To remap a key, click the Add button and choose your keys from the two columns. The left column denotes the key you'll press (for example, the Caps Lock key) and the right column denotes the ...

  5. What is a Computer Keyboard?

    Description. A computer keyboard is an input device used to enter characters and functions into the computer system by pressing buttons, or keys. It is the primary device used to enter text. A ...

  6. How To Remap Or Reassign Keys On Your Keyboard

    It shows you a virtual keyboard on your screen, and all you need to do is click on the virtual keys, assign them to whatever else you want, and you're good to go. The UI will also highlight keys in green to indicate that they have been edited, and once you're done editing, you'll need to logoff your computer and relogin and you will be ...

  7. How to Remap Any Key or Shortcut on Windows 10

    After you install it, launch PowerToys Settings, then click "Keyboard Manager" in the sidebar. In the "Keyboard Manager" settings, click "Remap a Key." When the "Remap Keyboard" window pops up, click the plus button ("+") to add a new key mapping. After that, you'll need to define which key you want to remap (in the "Key:" column), and what key ...

  8. Keyboard Basics

    The Windows keyboard adds some extra control keys: two Windows or Start keys, and an Application key. Apple keyboards, on the other hand, have Command (also known as "Apple") keys. A keyboard developed for Linux users features Linux-specific hot keys, including one marked with "Tux" the penguin -- the Linux logo/mascot.

  9. How to Remap a Keyboard in Windows 10

    Open Power Toys and select Keyboard Manager in the left sidebar. Select Remap a Key . If the keyboard options are grayed out, select the Enable Keyboard Manager switch. Select the Plus ( +) under Key . Under Key, choose the key you want to reassign from the drop-down menu, or select Type and enter a key. Under Mapped To, choose the new key.

  10. How to change keyboard shortcuts in Windows 11

    Learn how to customize keyboard shortcuts in Windows 11 with this easy guide. Find out how to change, create, or delete shortcuts for your convenience.

  11. Customize keyboard shortcuts

    Use a mouse to assign or remove a keyboard shortcut. Go to File > Options > Customize Ribbon. At the bottom of the Customize the Ribbon and keyboard shortcuts pane, select Customize. In the Categories box, select the category that contains the command or other item that you want to assign a keyboard shortcut to or remove a keyboard shortcut ...

  12. Where Should Fingers Be Placed on the Keyboard?

    The information below shows you where to position your hands, and the proper way to place your fingers to type letters, numbers, and special characters efficiently. Your left-hand fingers should be placed over the A, S, D, and F keys, and the right-hand fingers should be placed over the J, K, L, and ; keys. These keys are considered the home ...

  13. How to Reassign Keyboard Keys on Windows 11 or Windows 10

    Open "Keyboard Manager". Navigate to the " Keyboard Manager " section and initiate the key remapping process by clicking on "Remap a key". Create a New Key Remap. Click the ...

  14. How to Position Hands on a Keyboard: 10 Steps (with Pictures)

    Place your right hand on the keyboard. Place your pinkie down on the semicolon and colon key, place your ring finger down on the L key, place your middle finger down on the K key, place your pointer finger on the J key. This is the makeup of everything but your thumbs as to pertain to the right hand. If your keyboard has a numeric-entry keypad ...

  15. How to Assign Keyboard Shortcut to Shortcuts in Windows 10

    1 Right click or press and hold on the shortcut (ex: "Command Prompt") on your desktop, and click/tap on Properties. (see screenshot below) 2 Click/tap in the Shortcut key field, press the key you want to use as the shortcut key, and click/tap on OK to assign it to this shortcut. (see screenshots below) Note.

  16. How to Reassign Buttons on Windows, Mac, and Chromebook

    Pick from any of the entries in the list to reassign the function of the key. For example, you can click the entry for the aforementioned Launcher button and change it to the more conventional ...

  17. Keyboarding Education For The College Student

    Keyboarding is an invaluable skill among those in the workforce, as it is used to type business correspondences, e-mails, and memos, track expenses, and create websites. Keyboarding, however, is also an extremely important skill to have in college. Typing is necessary for college reports, research, e-mailing professors and classmates, and even ...

  18. Proper Keyboard Finger Positioning (Keyboard Typing Chart)

    The best finger positioning technique for placing your fingers on the keyboard is the 10-finger keyboard positioning technique. In this technique, what you're going to do is you're going to place each of your 10 fingers on a key on the keyboard. The fingers will be placed on the A, S, D, F, and J, K, L keys along with the spacebar key.

  19. PowerToys Keyboard Manager utility for Windows

    The PowerToys Keyboard Manager enables you to redefine keys on your keyboard. For example, you can exchange the letter A for the letter B on your keyboard. When you press the A key, a B will be inserted. You can exchange shortcut key combinations. For example: The shortcut key Ctrl + C will copy text in many applications.

  20. How to change keyboard layout on Windows 10

    Open Settings. Click on Time & Language. Click on Language. Under the "Preferred languages" section, select the current default language. Click the Options button. (Image credit: Mauro Huculak ...

  21. Typing Practice

    Take a typing test, practice typing lessons, learn to type faster.

  22. How to Remap Keyboard in Windows 10 in 2021 [Guide]

    1. KeyTweak. KeyTweak is a tool which offers multiple ways - three, to be precise - to remap a key. The first is using the virtual keyboard. This method allows you to choose a key that you want to map, and then select the key, from a drop-down menu, to which you want to map it.

  23. How to remap a keyboard in macOS

    Select your keyboard from the dropdown menu. If you're using macOS Monterey: Open System Preferences and select Keyboard . Hit the Modifier Keys … button on the lower right. Select your ...

  24. 6 Ways to Open On-Screen Keyboard in Windows 11

    Here's how: Step 1: Use the Windows + I keys to open Settings. Step 2: From the menu options, click on Accessibility. Step 3: Then, click on Keyboard. Step 4: Scroll down and turn on the toggle ...

  25. How to change or tweak keyboard layouts in Windows 11

    Add or remove a language . You can use pretty much any keyboard layout with any language, but using different languages can change the built-in spellchecking and autocorrect tool in Windows 11, so ...

  26. Alex Cora blindsides Red Sox fans with unexpected injury to key player

    Red Sox place Wilyer Abreu on IL, Tyler O'Neill to begin rehab assignment on June 4. ... His bat has also been key to Boston's offense, as he's slashing .272/.344/.485 with a .829 OPS, six homers ...

  27. Cincinnati Reds Activate TJ Friedl From Injured List, Designate Mike

    Stay. The Cincinnati Reds have activated TJ Friedl from the injured list. To make room for the move, they designated Mike Ford for assignment. Friedl was only able to play in six games after ...