International Education and Development PhD
The PhD in International Education and Development gives you the opportunity to develop specialist knowledge in the field of development and education and to hone advanced research skills in methodologies appropriate for contexts in low-income countries.
Our doctoral researchers come from all over the world and this PhD will help advance your professional career.
Areas of study
Doctoral researchers will become members of the Centre for International Education (CIE) , a global leader in this field, and will be based in the Department of Education, located in the School of Education and Social Work.
Your supervisors are generally members of CIE and are global in outlook. They all share an understanding that education lies at the heart of development and poverty reduction. Their r esearch interests include conflict and peace-building, refugee education, gender justice, critical pedagogies, inclusion, governance and global education policy.
You will have opportunities to engage with other research centres in the School and across the University and to work in international and interdisciplinary ways.
We understand that deciding where and what to study is a very important decision. We’ll make all reasonable efforts to provide you with the courses, services and facilities described in this prospectus. However, if we need to make material changes, for example due to government or regulatory requirements, or unanticipated staff changes, we’ll let you know as soon as possible.
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- UK requirements
- International requirements
Please select your country from the list.
Saudi arabia, south africa, south korea, switzerland, united arab emirates, my country is not listed.
If your country is not listed, you need to contact us and find out the qualification level you should have for this course. Contact us
English language requirements
Advanced level (7.0 overall, including at least 6.5 in each component).
IELTS scores are valid for two years from the test date. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. Find out more about IELTS
We accept IELTS One Skills Retake.
We do not accept IELTS Online.
Check full details of our English Language requirements and find out more about some of the alternative English language qualifications listed below
Alternative English language qualifications
Proficiency tests, cambridge advanced certificate in english (cae).
176 overall, including at least 169 in each skill.
We would normally expect the CAE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.
You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Advanced
Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE)
We would normally expect the CPE test to have been taken within two years before the start of your course.
You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Find out more about Cambridge English: Proficiency
LanguageCert International ESOL SELT
Advanced level (International ESOL SELT C1 with a minimum of 33 in each component)
LanguageCert International ESOL scores are valid for two years from the test date. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. Find out more about LanguageCert SELT
We only accept LanguageCert when taken at SELT Test Centres. We do not accept the online version.
Pearson PTE Academic
Advanced level (67 overall, including at least 62 in all four skills)
PTE (Academic) scores are valid for two years from the test date. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. Find out more about Pearson (PTE Academic)
We do not accept the PTE Academic Online test.
Advanced level 95 overall, including at least 22 in Listening, 23 in Reading, 23 in Speaking, 24 in Writing.
TOEFL (iBT) scores are valid for two years from the test date. You cannot combine scores from more than one sitting of the test. Your score must be valid when you begin your Sussex course. Find out more about TOEFL (iBT)
We do not accept TOEFL (iBT) Home Edition.
The TOEFL Institution Code for the University of Sussex is 9166.
English language qualifications
Grade C or above in English Language.
Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination (HKALE)/ AS or A Level: grade C or above in Use of English.
Grade C or above in English.
Brunei/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.
Singapore/Cambridge GCE O-level in English: grades 1-6.
GCSE or IGCSE
Grade C or above in English as a First Language (Grade 4 or above in GCSE from 2017).
Grade B or above in English as a Second Language.
Ghana Senior Secondary School Certificate
If awarded before 1993: grades 1-6 in English language.
If awarded between 1993 and 2005: grades A-D in English language
Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE)
Level 4, including at least 3 in each component in English Language.
Indian School Certificate (Standard XII)
The Indian School Certificate is accepted at the grades below when awarded by the following examination boards:
Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) – English Core only: 70%
Council for Indian School Certificate Examinations (CISCE) - English: 70%
International Baccalaureate Diploma (IB)
English A or English B at grade 5 or above.
Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education
Grades A - C in English language
Malaysian Certificate of Education (SPM) 1119/GCE O-level
If taken before the end of 2008: grades 1-6 in English Language.
If taken from 2009 onwards: grade C or above in English Language.
The qualification must be jointly awarded by the University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES).
West African Senior School Certificate
Grades A1-C6 (1-6) in English language when awarded by the West African Examinations Council (WAEC) or the National Examinations Council (NECO).
Select to see the list of exempt english-speaking countries.
If you are a national of one of the countries below, or if you have recently completed a qualification equivalent to a UK Bachelors degree or higher in one of these countries, you will normally meet our English requirement. Note that qualifications obtained by distance learning or awarded by studying outside these countries cannot be accepted for English language purposes.
You will normally be expected to have completed the qualification within two years before starting your course at Sussex. If the qualification was obtained earlier than this, we would expect you to be able to demonstrate that you have maintained a good level of English, for example by living in an English-speaking country or working in an occupation that required you to use English regularly and to a high level.
Please note that this list is determined by the UK’s Home Office, not by the University of Sussex.
List of exempt countries:
- Antigua and Barbuda
- New Zealand
- St Kitts and Nevis
- St Vincent and the Grenadines
- The British Overseas Territories
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United Kingdom
** Canada: you must be a national of Canada; other nationals not on this list who have a degree from a Canadian institution will not normally be exempt from needing to provide evidence of English.
English language support
If you don’t meet the English language requirements for your degree, you may be able to take a pre-sessional course
- Visas and immigration
Admissions information for applicants
If your qualifications aren’t listed or you have a question about entry requirements, contact us
- How to apply
If you’d like to join us as a research student, there are two main routes:
- browse funded projects in this subject area
- browse our potential supervisors and propose your own research project.
Find out how to apply for a PhD at Sussex
Prof Janet Boddy
Professor of Child, Youth and Family Studies
View profile of Janet Boddy
Dr Rachel Burr
Senior Lecturer in Education
View profile of Rachel Burr
Prof Barbara Crossouard
Professor of Theory in Education
View profile of Barbara Crossouard
Dr Emily Danvers
Senior Lecturer in Higher Education Peda
View profile of Emily Danvers
Dr Marcos Delprato
View profile of Marcos Delprato
Prof Mairead Dunne
Professor of Sociology of Education
View profile of Mairead Dunne
Prof Louise Gazeley
Professor of Educational and Social Disa
View profile of Louise Gazeley
Dr Christina Hancock
Lecturer in Primary Education
View profile of Christina Hancock
Dr Sean Higgins
Lecturer in International Education and Development
View profile of Sean Higgins
Dr Tamsin Hinton-Smith
Senior Lecturer In Higher Education
View profile of Tamsin Hinton-Smith
Dr Nimi Hoffmann
View profile of Nimi Hoffmann
Prof Lisa Holmes
Professor in Applied Social Science
View profile of Lisa Holmes
Dr Perpetua Kirby
Lecturer in Childhood and Youth
View profile of Perpetua Kirby
Dr Nigel Marshall
Reader in Education
View profile of Nigel Marshall
Prof Linda Morrice
Professor of Education and Migration
View profile of Linda Morrice
Prof Mario Novelli
Professor Of The Political Economy Of Education
View profile of Mario Novelli
Dr Keith Perera
Lecturer in Education
View profile of Keith Perera
Dr Marcelo Staricoff
View profile of Marcelo Staricoff
Dr Julia Sutherland
View profile of Julia Sutherland
Prof Simon Thompson
Head of School ESW
View profile of Simon Thompson
Dr Gunjan Wadhwa
Lecturer in International Education
View profile of Gunjan Wadhwa
Dr Rebecca Webb
Senior Lecturer in Early Years and Primary Education
View profile of Rebecca Webb
Prof Jo Westbrook
Professor of International Educationand Pedagogy
View profile of Jo Westbrook
Dr James Williams
View profile of James Williams
Funding and fees
How can i fund my course, funded projects and scholarships.
Our aim is to ensure that every student who wants to study with us is able to despite financial barriers, so that we continue to attract talented and unique individuals. Don’t miss out on scholarships – check the specific application deadlines for funding opportunities. Note that funded projects aren’t available for all our PhDs.
£3,000 scholarships available to environmental influencers bringing about real-world behaviour change
Find out more
A number of ESRC-funded standalone PhD and PhD with Masters scholarships across the social sciences.
Cash scholarships available for students who have demonstrated sporting excellence
University of Sussex Stuart Hall Doctoral Scholarship
Applying for USA Federal Student Aid?
If any part of your funding, at any time, is through USA federal Direct Loan funds, you will be registered on a separate version of this degree which does not include the possibility of distance learning which is prohibited under USA federal regulations. Find out more about American Student Loans and Federal Student Aid .
We advertise around 2,500 part-time jobs a year so you can make money and gain work experience. We have a special scheme to employ students on campus, wherever possible.
Find out more about careers and employability
How much does it cost?
Fees for self-funding students.
Home students: Fees are not yet set for entry in the academic year 2024/25. Fees will become available once set by United Kingdom Research and Innovation.
Channel Islands and Isle of Man students: Fees are not yet set for entry in the academic year 2024/25. Fees will become available once set by United Kingdom Research and Innovation.
International students: £21,500 per year for full-time students
Home PhD student fees are set at the level recommended by United Kingdom Research and Innovation (UKRI) annually, rising in line with inflation. Overseas fees are subject to an annual increase - see details on our tuition fees page
Note about additional costs.
Please note that all costs are best estimates based on current market values. Activities may be subject to unavoidable change in response to Government advice. We’ll let you know at the earliest opportunity. We review estimates every year and they may vary with inflation. Find out how to budget for student life .
Empirical research costs
On top of your PhD fees and living costs, you may also need to cover some research and training costs, relevant to your research project. These costs will depend on your research topic and training needs, but may include: - travel (to archives, collections or scientific facilities) - a laptop - overseas fieldwork costs (travel and accommodation, and language training) - conference costs (travel, registration fees and accommodation) - laboratory consumables and workshop materials - participant costs - transcription or translation costs - open-access publication costs. If you have a scholarship from one of the UK Research Councils, your scholarship should cover these types of costs. You'll receive details of how to claim this additional funding. If you're self funded, or if your scholarship doesn’t cover these costs, check with the Research and Enterprise Co-ordinator in your School for details of School or Doctoral School funding that may be available.
- Living costs
Find out typical living costs for studying at Sussex
Find out about our terms and conditions
Explore our campus
Experience Sussex life in our virtual tour.
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PhD Information Sessions
Visit campus and chat to staff and students. Book your place
Online PhD Sessions
Join a live webchat. Book your place
Meet us in your country
+44 (0)1273 876787
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If you haven’t applied yet:
+44 (0)1273 678464 email@example.com
Find out about the School of Education and Social Work
After you’ve applied:
+44 (0)1273 877773 [email protected]
Find out how to apply
- Guide to PhD study
- PhD support
- Academic facilities
- Open Days and events
- International students
- Student life
- Order a printed prospectus
What do you want to do next?
- Courses Browse our courses by subject area
- Sussex Life Find out about life at Sussex
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Study in Europe
Higher education in europe.
The Study in Europe website covers higher education in 33 European countries. Each country has its own nationally governed higher education system, but all form part of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA).
The EHEA system helps to ensure that higher education systems across Europe are compatible and that students, researchers and academics in Europe can collaborate and study or work abroad more easily.
Differences with the American higher education system
Below, a few differences between the European higher education system and the American higher education system are listed:
Higher education institutions
In Europe, there are countries with a higher education system based upon a distinction between higher education institutions, universities of applied sciences and research universities.
Universities of applied sciences are focused on the practical application of arts and science. Research universities offer research-orientated programmes in an academic setting.
There is no distinction between universities of applied sciences and research universities in the United States.
The grading system differs per country in Europe. In Austria, grades form 1 to 5 are used, with 1 being excellent and 5 being insufficient. In some European countries, grades are based on percentages from 0 to 100 and in other, grades range from A to F, or from 1 to 10.
In colleges and universities in the United States, the grading system is based on a 4.0 scale from A to F, where ‘A’ is the highest grade you can receive and ‘F’, the lowest.
Tuition fees for non-EU students in Europe range from approximately €1,000 to €20,000 per year. Tuition fees in the United States are generally higher than those in Europe.
Typical tuition fees at public universities for undergraduate and graduate programmes in the United States range from $10,000 to $70,000 per year for international students.
Content of study programmes in Europe
Most study programmes in Europe involve lectures and classes, assessed through essay assignments, exams and coursework. Some also involve a period of time working in industry or on industry-related projects.
Higher education qualifications in Europe
Higher education qualifications in Europe are structured according to three ‘cycles’ defined as part of the Bologna Process
Most full-time Bachelor's study programmes in Europe last 3 or 4 years (this will be longer if you study part-time).
To do a Bachelor’s degree, you usually need school qualifications – this varies, so check the entry requirements for your chosen study programme.
A Bachelor’s degree can be a great way to prepare for further study, as well as for skilled employment.
Most full-time Master's study programmes in Europe last 1 or 2 years (this will be longer if you study part-time).
To study a Master’s degree, you usually need a Bachelor’s degree or other undergraduate qualification.
Master’s degrees are a great way to develop professional and research competences. A Master’s degree may be research-focused or more modular and assessed by coursework and/or exams.
Most study programmes involve lectures and classes, with assessment through essays, exams and coursework. Some also involve a period of time working in industry or working on industry-related projects.
Most full-time doctorates in Europe last around 3 or 4 years (this will be longer if you study part-time).
To do a doctorate, including a PhD, you usually need a Bachelor’s degree and a Master’s degree.
Doctorates are ideal for people with a passion for research. They are especially useful if you want to work in academia, become a specialist in a particular field, or an industry researcher.
Doctorates typically focus on independent study and research, specialised in one particular subject.
To apply, you usually have to submit a research proposal, outlining what your doctorate aims to achieve.
Research programmes in Europe
EURAXESS is the European Union’s (EU) website for researchers wishing to pursue their research careers in Europe. On EURAXESS, you can find information about funding and scholarships for research programmes, as well as advice on planning your move to Europe as a professional researcher.
You can also search through over 40,000 research jobs per year in universities, research institutes and industry across Europe.
As well as the main EURAXESS website, there are national websites for 40 countries in Europe, providing more detailed information about each country .
Discover research opportunities in Europe with EURAXESS
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If you need to ask a question, please contact Europe direct .
EUA Council for Doctoral Education
The european voice for doctoral education, bringing together a community of academic leaders and professionals.
- 06 Feb 2024 EUA-CDE news Call for contributions: 2024 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting
- 08 Jan 2024 EUA-CDE news Call for applications for the EUA-CDE Steering Committee
- 04 Jan 2024 Member and partner news Call for applications: University of Pau and Pays de l'Adour offers doctoral programme in...
The Doctoral Debate
Today’s doctoral candidates need training to communicate science in the public eye.
Communication training for doctoral candidates is vital due to new societal trends that make communication more important for scientists. For Gian-Andri Casutt, strengthening training programmes is crucial for the effective integration of science into society.
It takes a village to do a doctorate: the power of community in the doctoral journey
This article tackles the importance of building a doctoral community through modern means of communication and sharing information to create a collaborative environment where doctoral candidates feel supported and connected. For Sophie Leclère, universities should recognise and support the efforts of those who engage in knowledge-sharing, by providing resources, encouraging content creation and listening to the needs of doctoral candidates.
Five reasons to join
Exchange good practices.
Exchange and learn about the latest good practices in doctoral education from across Europe
Strengthen your network
Strengthen and expand your network with our community of academic leaders and professionals from more than 30 European countries
Gain access to expertise on doctoral school development
We bring together a community with know-how on supporting doctoral schools for universities at different stages of development
Enhance your doctoral research capacity
Develop your university’s capacity to attract and shape talented early-stage researchers in a competitive and global environment
Speak with a strong voice
Speak with a strong voice on the European policy level, together with our European network of more than 230 universities
- Become a member
EUA-CDE brings together the largest community of academic leaders and professionals working on doctoral education and research training in Europe.
Eastern Mediterranean University
Doctoral researchers are vital to the production of knowledge and to challenging the status quo. Focused on improving doctoral education in Europe, our engagement extends from university leadership to those involved in the day-to-day delivery of doctoral programmes and supervision.
Luke Georghiou, Deputy President and Deputy Vice-Chancellor University of Manchester; former EUA-CDE Steering Committee Chair
- How to Apply for A PhD Abroad – International Study
- Applying to a PhD
So you’ve decided to enrol onto a doctoral degree and study abroad at the same time. This is a great opportunity to develop yourself both personally and academically. However, do you actually go about securing a PhD as an international student? To help answer this for you, we’ve created this guide to explain how to apply for a PhD in foreign universities.
Why Do Your PhD Abroad?
There are many benefits to studying abroad.
Some PhD students do so as a way to develop a new language, discover more about a different culture, and to meet new people.
Besides personal reasons, undertaking a doctorate degree abroad can also for academic purposes. For example, in some countries, a particular research field may not be very popular and so there may not be many doctorate options available. In these cases, undertaking a PhD abroad will open up many more opportunities. It could also offer greater funding, lower tuition fees, better laboratory equipment and more experienced supervisors. Not only would these factors result in a more enjoyable PhD, but they could also contribute to greater career prospects. For example, you will likely have more opportunities to write publications, attend conferences and collaborate with other researchers. All of these will help you establish yourself as a respectable researcher within your field.
Is It Difficult to Apply to PhDs Abroad?
It’s not as difficult as you would imagine when it comes to applying to a PhD in a foreign country. Regardless of whether you’re applying to a university within the EU, such as the UK, Finland or Spain, or to universities within the US or Asia, the processes are relatively similar.
The differences in the application process can be categorised into three areas.
- the documents you need to provide,
- the prerequisite tests you need to sit,
- how much you need to communicate with the potential supervisors before applying.
We’ve provided a basic outline of the application processes below. Although this will provide you with a good starting point, we highly recommend you look at the university websites for specific instructions and guidance before applying.
Will I Need a Student Visa?
This will depend on what country you are applying to. For example:
- In the UK, applicants from outside the EU will need a Visa Tier 4 (Student). This will allow them to undertake a full-time PhD. However, due to UK visa restrictions, international students are unlikely to be able to enrol onto a part-time degree.
- In Germany, most students will not require a student visa but will require a residence permit.
- In the US, applicants will need to hold an F-1 Student Visa.
- In Asia, the requirements differ depending on the specific country. For example, in China, you will require an X1 Student Visa whereas in Singapore you will require a Student Pass.
Because of the significant differences between countries, we highly recommend it is highly that you check the requirements on an individual case-by-case basis. This is best done by checking the government website of the country you wish to apply to.
General Process for Applying to PhDs Abroad
When applying to a PhD position, most universities regardless of where they’re located will require:
- Online Application – An electronic form to provide your details and attach all supporting documents. You will also need to make any application fees during this process if required.
- Academic Transcripts – Most universities need a scanned copy of your transcripts when applying. You will only have to submit official hard copies once they have accepted your admission.
- CV – This should include details of your previous education, undergraduate degree and any experiences revenant to the field you’re applying to.
- Statement of Purpose/Personal Statement – A letter which outlines why you’re applying to the PhD and why you believe you’re suitable for the project.
- Letters of Recommendation – this should preferably be provided by your undergraduate degree course tutor or a professor who knows you well.
If your PhD is to be undertaken in English and English isn’t your first language, most universities will require you to sit an English language proficiency test. The most common tests, in order of popularity, are:
- IELTS (International English Language Testing Systems)
- TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language)
- PTE (Pearson Test of English)
The minimum test scores will change from university to university. They will also vary depending on the research field. For example, research projects related to English Literature or Law will require relatively high scores whilst projects in Science and Engineering will require slightly lower scores. To provide an example, the University of Leicester in the UK requires a minimum overall IELTS score of 7 for Law PhDs but has a lower overall score requirement of 6 for Engineering PhDs.
Finding a PhD has never been this easy – search for a PhD by keyword, location or academic area of interest.
How to Apply for PhDs in EU Countries
For UK universities, there are generally two ways of applying. You can either apply directly through the university’s website or you can make an application through the UCAS Postgraduate system .
In Spain, Italy and Germany, before applying to a PhD you will first need to pass a pre-application process. This involves checking that your qualifications meet their eligibility requirements. Before undergoing this pre-screening process, it would be beneficial to first speak to your government. They may offer advice on how your countries qualification system corresponds to the qualification system in the country hosting the PhD.
Once you’ve made your application, the university will review it and get in contact with you. For most EU institutions, they will invite you for a Skype or telephone interview with them if they believe you may be a suitable candidate.
If you require a student visa to study in an EU country, it’s recommended that you submit your application at least 3-4 months before the proposed PhD start date.
How to Apply for PhDs in USA
In addition to the English language exams mentioned previously, international applicants will also need to sit additional exams to be eligible for PhDs in the USA. These are the GRE General Exam and GRE Subject Exam(s). The GRE Subject Exam(s) you will need to undertake will be specific to your field and will be specified by the university as part of their edibility requirements.
Securing a PhD position in the United States is considered relatively difficult compared to other countries. As a result, it is commonly recommended that you apply to at least 9 different universities to increase your chances of securing a position.
How to Apply for PhDs in Asia
As Asia covers a wide range of countries such as China, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, UAE and India, their application processes naturally differ from one another. Therefore, check the specific application process for each university you’re interested to get the most accurate information.
- China – uses two centralised application services, CUAC and CUCAS. Both these services help international students find and apply to a PhD project in China. Students can also apply directly to a University if they wish to.
- Singapore – rather than applying to a specific research project, you will have to apply to a faculty or department within a University. Only once you have been accepted into the university department will their research projects become available to you. Like US universities, most universities in Singapore will have required you to have sat a GRE Exams prior to applying to them.
- UAE – you must apply directly to your chosen university. To be eligible for a PhD in UAE, you must hold a Master’s degree and it must be from a university recognised by their government. You will also be required to undertake GRE Exams before making your application.
How to Apply for PhDs in Australia
To apply to a PhD in Australia, you will first be expected to find and email a potential supervisor. If you’re an international student and you make an application directly to the university without doing this first, it’s highly likely that you won’t be considered for the position.
Upon discussing the project with the supervisor, they will instruct you to put in a formal application. This formal application will require the information previously outlined above.
Similar to EU institutions, if an Australian university believes you’re a strong candidate, they will likely invite you to a Skype or telephone interview.
Unlike EU universities, PhDs in Australian universities can start at any time of the year. Therefore, unless a specific funding requirement is attached to the project, there are usually no deadlines associated with applying to their PhDs. However, try to apply 3 to 4 months before you intend to start your studies.
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EUA is a leading voice in doctoral education in Europe. The Association works with members to strengthen their doctoral research capacity and attract the best talent in a competitive and rapidly-changing world. Notably, EUA has widely contributed to doctoral education reform in Europe, as well as research training.
The Association carries this work out primarily through its Council for Doctoral Education (EUA-CDE), a member service that promotes collaboration and exchange of good practices. EUA-CDE is the largest European network in the field. It covers more than 35 countries and brings together a community of academic leaders and professionals from more than 260 universities.
EUA-CDE is the driving force behind the creation and implementation of the “ Salzburg Principles and Recommendations ”. In this context, its efforts have resulted in strengthening doctoral education at the intersection between the European Higher Education and Research Areas.
In its many activities related to doctoral education, EUA focuses on topics like research ethics and integrity , career paths in and outside of academia, internationalisation , Open Science and the wellbeing of doctoral candidates.
Call for contributions: 2024 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting
Deadline: 8 april 2024.
A call for contributions for the EUA Council for Doctoral Education’s 2024 Annual Meeting is now open.
Call for applications for the EUA-CDE Steering Committee
Deadline: 12 february 2024.
The EUA Council for Doctoral Education (EUA-CDE) has opened a call for applications for its Steering Committee.
- Doctoral Education Reform
- Doctoral Education Practices
- Research Ethics and Integrity
- University-Business Cooperation
- Open Access
Building the Foundations of Research
The EUA Council for Doctoral Education has developed this publication at a time when global challenges such as the climate crisis and the need to build a more sustainable planet, together with emerging opportunities (e.g. digitalisation), have led universities to a deep reflection on how doctoral education can further progress and remain open and observant of the core values of academia.
Doctoral Education - Taking Salzburg Forward: Implementation and New Challenges
The purpose of this document is to provide guidelines for the continued implementation of reforms in doctoral education building on the Salzburg Principles and Recommendations. It is directed at university leaders who want to continue and deepen the implementation of Salzburg at the strategic level, ensuring a consistent, institution-wide approach to doctoral education. The document also provides recommendations for daily managers of doctoral education who look to keep their activities and processes up to date and responsive to new challenges for universities.
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EWORA, the European Women Rectors Association, invites early career female academics to apply for a travel grant to attend the 2nd EWORA workshop "Leadership in HE&R: Values, Complexities and Decision Making”. As part of EWORA’s 2nd Workshop, a World Café for future academic women leaders...
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The University of Aveiro in Portugal organises an intensive training session on Innovation and Global Engagement in Doctoral Education from 25 to 27 March. Registrations are open until 31 January. The intensive programme takes a pragmatic approach to training on two topics: the management...
Doctoral education in Europe today: approaches and institutional structures
This EUA-CDE report presents the results of an extensive and unique study on the state of play of...
EUA-CDE Annual Meeting: excellence through diversity in doctoral education
The EUA Council for Doctoral Education (EUA-CDE) brought together 225 participants on 7 and 8 June to discuss excellence through diversity in doctoral education. Hosted by the University of Ljubljana, exchanges on this topic were held against the background of an ever more international higher...
11th EUA-CDE Annual Meeting - "Doctoral education and university...
Eua-cde launches “the doctoral debate”.
The EUA Council for Doctoral Education (EUA-CDE) is pleased to announce the launch of “The Doctoral Debate” – an online platform offering commentary and analysis on doctoral education in Europe. Written by academic leaders and experts in the field, “The Doctoral Debate” will showcase...
"Have we Come a Long Way? Reflecting on Doctoral Education Reform in Europe”
EUA Webinar: Implementing an Ethos of Research Integrity in Doctoral Education
Eua participation in 11th annual strategic leaders global summit on graduate....
On 10-12 September 2017, EUA participated in the 11th Annual Strategic Leaders Global Summit on Graduate Education, a high-level global dialogue event held at the Alyeska Resort in Alaska and organised by the Council of Graduate Schools (CGS). The CGS represents universities and colleges...
Principles and Practices for International Doctoral Education - The FRINDOC...
As defined in the Salzburg Recommendations, internationalisation is a significant component of developing the quality of research and of doctoral education within universities. At the same time, international experiences are critical to the professional development of many...
Collaborative Doctoral Education in Europe: Research Partnerships and...
The project “Promoting Collaborative Doctoral Education for Enhanced Career Opportunities” (DOC-CAREERS II) looked at how universities work with their business and other non-university partners in establishing and taking forward research projects in the framework of doctoral...
Progress Report on the implementation of the actions agreed in the Memorandum...
Major concrete results have been achieved by EUA with its large membership in moving forward the implementation of European Research Area policies and raising further awareness of their importance. Survey results from a significant representative sample of EUA membership show that EC ERA...
Quality Assurance in Doctoral Education - results of the ARDE project
Quality assurance and doctoral education have been elements of the Bologna Process since the 2003 ministerial meeting in Berlin, but until rather recently, they have been developing on two different tracks. The basic principles governing both, the Standards and Guidelines for Quality...
ORPHEUS consensus about internal, external and international evaluation of PhD...
Abstract The ORPHEUS/AMSE1/WFME2 PhD standards document, published January 2012, is a practical tool for quality assurance of PhD programmes. Another document, the new PhD principles document: “Best practice based principles for innovative doctoral training”, approved by the EU...
Quality assessment of the doctoral programmes as a supplement of the...
Abstract The main purpose of the paper is to present the concept for assessment of the doctoral programmes implemented by PKA as an important supplement of the institutional evaluation. The paper presents the criteria adopted by Polish Accreditation Committee and the introduced evaluation...
How should internal quality processes support doctoral programmes?
Abstract The process of adaptation to the challenges in the European Higher Education Area, lead to the development of an Integrated Quality System at IST (SIQuIST), consolidating the quality culture developed over the last decades. One of the most advanced dimensions of SIQuIST is the education...
CODOC – Cooperation on doctoral education between Africa, Asia, Latin America...
The starting point for the CODOC project was the need to develop a new, global approach to doctoral education, taking into account the development of new means of communication and easier physical mobility, but also the need to build research capacity across the world to...
Collaborative Doctoral Education: University-Industry Partnerships for...
This report, “Collaborative Doctoral Education: University-Industry Partnerships for Enhancing Knowledge Exchange” presents the findings of the project “DOC-CAREERS: From Innovative Doctoral Education to Enhanced Career Opportunities”, which was conducted with...
Doctoral Programmes in Europe's Universities: Achievements and Challenges
Doctoral education is a major priority for European universities and for EUA. In the context of the Bologna Process the importance of doctoral education as the third cycle of higher education and the first stage of a young researcher’s career, and thus in linking the European Higher...
Doctoral Programmes for the European Knowledge Society
This report aims to provide EUA members and other stakeholders in higher education and research with a broad view of the current landscape of doctoral programmes in Europe. EUA is grateful to the support received from the European Commission’s Socrates Programme and is particularly...
Doctoral education and covid-19: the impact on early-career researchers.
As universities move many activities online in the fallout of the Covid-19 crisis, doctoral...
Doctoral education matters for Europe more than ever before
It is at the apex of higher education, research and innovation, but issues around integrity and...
Cross-border doctoral education at The European Campus
In the Upper Rhine region, the universities of Basel, Freiburg, Haute-Alsace and Strasbourg...
2023 EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop
Sustainability in doctoral education: developing a strategic approach.
The 2023 EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop will focus on how universities can develop a strategic approach to sustainability in doctoral education, while maintaining...
2022 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting
Time and timing in doctoral education.
The 2022 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting ddressed the question of time and timing, taking a close look at this key issue for doctoral education. Through workshops...
EUA-CDE Focus Group
Doctoral education in europe: where are we heading.
The EUA Council for Doctoral Education is organising an online focus group on 20 January. The event contributes to the development of a new EUA-CDE vision...
2021 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting
Preparing doctoral education for a post-pandemic world.
The 2021 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting took place online on 13-15 September. Through plenary and focus group sessions of various formats, including audience...
2021 EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop
Artificial intelligence, data management and the digital world of doctoral education.
This year, the EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop was organised in the form of online sessions on 21-22 January 2021. The EUA-CDE community of more than 260...
2020 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting online series
In the light of the current coronavirus pandemic, the EUA Council for Doctoral Education (EUA-CDE) chose to replace the 2020 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting with a...
2020 EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop
Academic career development.
Nowadays, doctoral candidates pursue different careers both inside and outside of academia. Many will become highly qualified knowledge workers for the public...
- Research Assessment
- Academic Career Assessment
2019 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting
The societal dimension of doctoral education.
The 2019 EUA-CDE Annual Meeting explored the many aspects involved in the larger social contribution of doctoral candidates and doctoral schools and their...
EUA-CDE webinar: The landscape of doctoral education in Europe
Recording of the webinar is available on the EUA YouTube Channel. Doctoral education is at the forefront for the future of research, but how does its current...
2019 EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop
Inter-institutional collaboration in doctoral education.
The 2019 EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop will focus on inter-institutional collaboration in doctoral education. Participants will reflect on how universities with...
11th EUA-CDE Annual Meeting
Excellence through diversity: doctoral education in a globalised world.
Celebrating the 10th anniversary of EUA-CDE, the Meeting highlights diversity as an enduring characteristic and strength of doctoral education in Europe....
- Student and Staff Diversity
Doctoral Education Event
The transformation of doctoral education: why it matters for europe.
EUA and KVAB organised an event for European and national policy makers, leaders of higher education institutions and Brussels-based stakeholders on the...
11th EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop
The impact and outcomes of doctoral education reform in europe.
The EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop on doctoral education reform in Europe reflected on the impact and outcomes of newly implemented practices and institutional...
EUA-CDE Focus group - Implementing an Ethos of Research Integrity in Doctoral Education
EUA-CDE Focus Group on implementing an ethos of research integrity in doctoral education brought together universities to discuss the current situation in...
EUA-CDE Annual Meeting 2017
Digitalisation: a game changer for doctoral education.
The EUA Council for Doctoral Education (EUA-CDE) was proud to present its 10th annual meeting, titled ‘Doctoral Education and Harnessing Digital...
10th EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop
Ethics and integrity in doctoral education and research training.
The EUA-CDE thematic workshops provide a forum for exchange and discussion between members. The tenth edition focused on ethics and integrity in doctoral...
9th EUA-CDE Annual Meeting
Doctoral education: a dilemma of quality and quantity.
The Annual Meeting of EUA-CDE is the largest and most comprehensive event dedicated to European doctoral education. It is an opportunity for all stakeholders...
9th EUA-CDE Thematic Workshop
Doctoral supervision – practices and responsibilities.
Supervision is a central and defining element of doctoral education. It is through supervised research that doctoral candidates develop a research mindset,...
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- Study in Europe /
Find the best PhD in Europe to study
- Updated on
- Dec 7, 2023
The globally acclaimed educational institutions of Europe are founded on the principle of research and innovation and the continent is also home to the headquarters of several renowned multinational enterprises as well as state-of-the-art centres of scientific exploration. Geneva, Berlin and Paris are amongst the top preferred study destinations in Europe. Moreover, offering international-level exposure and knowledge into a varied range of fields and specialisations, the continent attracts an immense number of students from all nooks and corners of the world every year who enrol across an array of bachelor’s, master’s and PhD programmes . Particularly, a PhD in Europe is a highly specialized degree program provided in a multitude of specialised disciplines. If you are planning to pursue a doctoral degree in the continent, here is a detailed guide on the key essentials you should know before applying for a PhD in Europe .
Also Read: PhD after MTech
This Blog Includes:
Phd in europe: eligibility requirements, research proposal, phd in europe: how to apply, phd in europe: top study destinations.
A doctoral degree like a PhD is undertaken as research in a particular topic within a subject, such as a PhD in English on ‘Shakespearean Literature’ or a PhD in Economics on ‘Market Volatility’. European institutions offer flexibility as to the constituents of a PhD degree in terms of duration, thesis, the language of instruction, coursework, and teaching requirements, amongst others. Usually, a PhD in Europe lasts for a minimum of 3 years extending to 5-6 years and the application requirements mandate submission of a research proposal to the professor, department or at the application portal. Prospective students are advised to visit course websites for the latest information.
Applicants need to fulfil some minimum eligibility conditions in order to pursue a PhD in Europe. Many universities generally require candidates to have a master’s degree in their chosen field of study. However, in some cases, institutions may also admit students on the basis of a high-ranking bachelor’s degree. Further, a minimum score is required throughout all postsecondary qualifications, for instance, in the UK, a first or upper-second-class UK honours degree or its international equivalent.
A considerable number of European institutions require prospective applicants to submit a research proposal which details the intended topic of research that the applicant wishes to pursue at the institution. Further, it also delineates the professors under which the applicant wishes to work and how it will help him in developing his interest. The university strives for a balance between the expectations of the applicant and the facilities it is providing so as to promote student development.
In comparison to institutions in USA , Canada and Australia , a PhD in Europe is affordable in terms of tuition fees, living costs and other expenses. Further, besides university-based funding in the form of scholarships, assistantships etc, the country of study also offers diverse funding opportunities like monthly stipends, research assistantships, tuition fee waivers and country-based scholarships.
- GRE Scholarships
- Education Loan without Collateral
The process of application for a PhD in Europe can be undertaken in two ways. One, through direct professor approach and recommendation (only a few students get admission through this way) and the other through the traditional application process. The former method requires you to approach a professor at the university from your field and ask for an admission recommendation. If the professor is impressed by your academic qualifications and experience, you will be offered a PhD admission to the university. On the other hand, the conventional application process is similar to the regular application procedure and requires you to upload all the necessary documents such as LOR , SOP and resume amongst others along with submitting the application fee. After a month or two encompassing the evaluation process, the university will provide the list of selected students on their admission portal.
There are a plethora of study destinations in Europe that offer quality educational programs in an array of fields and specializations. The continent is home to some of the best academic institutions in the world and is home to an immense number of research centres and universities. Here is a list of major study destinations in Europe and their renowned institutions along with other specific details about PhD programs offered.
Home to one of the top universities in the world, the United Kingdom (UK) provide a huge number of PhD and research opportunities spanning a multitude of specialisations from Business Administration to disciplines of Liberal Arts. Most UK universities will essentially need a master’s degree as well as English language proficiency tests such as IELTS and TOEFL as key eligibility prerequisites for a PhD program.
Duration: Minimum 3 years; full-time
Institutions: University of Bristol , University of Manchester , University of Sussex etc.
Also Read: Cost of Studying in UK for Indian Students
German universities are internationally renowned for their offered range of Science and Engineering programs. Providing courses with low or almost no tuition fees, Germany also has an array of government grants for international students aspiring to pursue a PhD. These grants are availed by DAAD and Excellence Initiative with an aim to equip meritorious students with financial assistance for PhD programs.
Duration: 3-4 years
Institutions: Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitat Munchen ; TU Munchen, Humboldt University Berlin etc.
Also Read: Study in Germany Without IELTS
France is another prominent European study destination for those aspiring to pursue PhD programs in technical fields such as Engineering, Information Technology, amongst others. The tuition fees for PhD courses in French universities are typically low and students are allowed to pursue independent research programmes at the elitist institutions of the country. Further, you can also go for dual-degree courses that are an exceptional combination of a master’s degree and a PhD.
Institutions: Université PSL , Ecole Polytechnique, etc
With the perks of affordable education and living costs, Finland is home to two of the world’s renowned research universities, i.e. the University of Helsinki and the Aalto University. Further, major PhD courses are offered in English and you don’t necessarily need to learn Finnish to pursue a course in the country.
Institutions: University of Helsinki , Aalto University, University of Eastern Finland etc.
Also Read: Study in Finland
Located at the heart of Europe, Austria provides a multitude of PhD programs in interdisciplinary specialisations of several disciplines such as Engineering, Applied Sciences, Humanities, etc. The country is home to a wide range of academic institutions offering opportunities in professional, medical and technical research.
Institutions: MODUL University of Vienna , University of Innsbruck, University of Graz, etc.
Emerging rapidly as a cosmopolitan hub, Belgium is internationally popular for its PhD programs in Political Science and International Relations. There are several reputable educational institutions in the country providing highly stimulating research opportunities for budding scholars. Also, the living costs and course fees are relatively lower as compared to other European cities.
Institutions: Universite de Liege , University of Mons, Université libre de Bruxelles, etc.
International researchers are welcome at Germany’s research organisations, universities, and enterprises, which provide good prospects for PhD students. Every year, over 29,000 graduate students complete a PhD in Germany, significantly more than in any other European Union member state.
Each European country is free to determine its own costs for doctorates and other degrees. However, EU member countries must charge the same tuition to students from other EU countries that they do on their own.
In general, it takes at least four years to earn a PhD in Europe, and examinations are not frequently necessary, as they are in other countries such as the United States.
Hence, Europe is filled with immense possibilities for those striving for PhD programs in specialised disciplines. If you are planning to pursue PhD in Europe, using the AI tool at Leverage Edu you can browse through various European institutions and their offered courses solely based on your unique interests, thereby helping you find the right doctoral program in your chosen field.
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Study in Europe 2022 "How to do a funded PhD in Europe"
Join us on Saturday, 24 September at 4pm (Singapore) to learn how you can carry out your doctoral training in Europe and how EURAXESS can support you on this journey!
Europe boasts a huge diversity of opportunities for doctoral training. European PhD programmes enjoy international recognition for excellence thus providing an exceptional career launch pad for young researchers.
Many European countries charge very little or no fees for PhD studies while also offering scholarships for international applicants. The European Commission’s Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) offer funding for thousands of PhD students each year to carry out their doctoral research across Europe.
Find out about the MSCA Doctoral Fellowships and get tips & advice for your PhD journey from ASEAN PhD students in Europe!
The webinar will be held in English.
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emlyon business school
emlyon business school is a triple accredited institution with 7 campuses in France and abroad (Lyon, Casablanca, Shanghai, Paris, Mumbai). Consistently ranked among the best business schools, they offer Bachelors, Masters, and MBAs.
University of Pavia
Located in Italy, the University of Pavia is one of the oldest in the world. With various English-taught degrees, they cover a wide range of disciplines, including business, IT, engineering, humanities, and social sciences.