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Pollution essay with quotations and outline

 This page has an essay on environmental pollution in Pakistan. The essay is specially written for class 12 and 2nd year students. The quotations have been included in the essay. The outline is also given. The essay can be used by BA students too. It is also good for 10th class.

Pollution essay for 2nd year with quotations

Pollution essay for 2nd year with quotations

10th class students may not include quotations to keep the essay short. The outline is given for college-level and degree-level students.

Essay on Pollution in English

1. What is pollution

2. Types of Pollution

3. Causes of Pollution

4. Effects of Pollution

5. Our responsibility

6. Measures to control pollution

7. Conclusion

Pollution is the forerunner of perdition - John Trapp
Pollution should never be the prices of prosperity - Al Gore
Pollution- if you don't kill it, it will kill you - Anonymous
The more we pollute the earth the less we deserve to live on earth. - M.M Ildan

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Top 25 Quotations for Pollution Essay for Class 12

pollution essay for class 12 with quotations

  • January 24, 2024

Kainat Shakeel

Pollution, a global predicament that jeopardizes our planet’s health, demands attention in essay discussions. As we delve into the intricate web of environmental issues, understanding pollution’s various facets becomes imperative.

Types of Pollution

  •  Air Pollution:  Air pollution is the presence of dangerous substances in the air, primarily due to artificial emigration and vehicle exhaust. It poses significant trouble to both the environment and mortal health.   
  • Water Pollution: Water pollution occurs when adulterants pollute water bodies,  risking submarine life and making water unsafe for consumption. indecorous disposal of artificial waste and chemicals contributes to this imminence.   
  •  Soil Pollution: Soil pollution involves the preface of dangerous substances into the soil, affecting its fertility and composition. Fungicides, artificial waste, and indecorous disposal of household chemicals contribute to soil declination.  
  •  Noise Pollution: Noise pollution disrupts the aural environment, leading to colorful health issues. Urbanization and artificial conditioning are major contributors to this form of pollution.

Quotes on Pollution

  • ” Pollution is nothing but the resource we aren’t harvesting. We allow them to disperse because we have been ignorant of their value.”-R. Buckminster Fuller 
  • ” The topmost trouble to our earth is the belief that someone differently will save it.”- Robert Swan 
  • ” Earth doesn’t belong to us we belong to Earth.”- Marlee Matlin 
  • ” We don’t inherit the earth from our ancestors, we adopt it from our children.”-Native American Proverb 
  •    Pollution is the forerunner of Tophet ”.( John Trapp) 
  •  “ Pollution if you don’t kill it, it’ll kill you. ”( Anonymous) 
  •  “ The further we contaminate the earth the less we earn to live on earth. ”(M.M Ildan) 
  •  “ Pollution is simply a resource that isn’t being used properly. ”(R. B Fuller) 
  •  “ Pollution is an unused resource. ”( Bill Mallison) 
  •  “ Should we allow environment deterioration to continue, man’s fate may be worse than extermination. ”( RonS. Boster) 
  •  “ We pay for power factory pollution through advanced health costs. ”( Sheldon Whitehouse) 
  •  “ Environmental pollution is an incorrigible complaint. It can only be averted. ”( Barry Commoner) 
  •  “ When the earth is sick and weakened, mortal health is insolvable. ”( Emerson) 
  •  “ Pollution is the topmost crime man is committing against man. ”( Unknown) 
  •  “ A nation without the means of reform is without means of survival. ”( Edmund) 
  •  “ Water and air, the two essential fluids on which all life depends, have come global scrap barrels. ”( Jacques Yves Cousteau) 
  •  “ Visual pollution is more toxic than any other pollution because it kills the soul. ”( Friedensreich Hundertwasser) 
  •  “ Pollution is nothing but the resources we aren’t harvesting. We allow them to disperse because we ’ve been ignorant of their value. ”(R. Buckminster Fuller) 
  •  “ Pollution is a necessary result of the incapability of man to reform and transfigure waste. ”( Patti Smith) 
  •  “ The issue of pollution has come a firing fuse for social insecurity. ”( Zhou Shengxian) 
  •  “ The important thing to understand is that the case for pollution control isn’t grounded on some kind of aesthetic nausea for artificial society. ”( Paul Krugman) 
  •  “ One must be an ocean, to admit a weakened sluice without getting impure. ”( Friedrich Nietzsche) 
  •  “ Now our biggest environmental problems come from our conduct, our own choices, rather than pollution produced by big business. ”( Jesse Ventura) 
  •  “ Environmental pollution is a scar on people’s quality of life and a trouble that weighs on their hearts. ”( Li Keqiang) 
  •  “ The health effects of air pollution hazard mortal lives. This fact is well- proved. ”( Eddie Bernice Johnson)

The Need for Policy Reforms

Regular evaluation of environmental programs is necessary. Governments should be open to reforms that strengthen pollution control measures and acclimatize to changing environmental dynamics.  In conclusion, addressing pollution requires comprehensive and collaborative trouble. From individual conduct to global collaborations, everyone plays a part in creating a cleaner and healthier environment. By understanding the causes, goods, and results of pollution, we pave the way for a sustainable future.

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Kainat Shakeel is a versatile Content Writer Head and Digital Marketer with a keen understanding of tech news, digital market trends, fashion, technology, laws, and regulations. As a storyteller in the digital realm, she weaves narratives that bridge the gap between technology and human experiences. With a passion for staying at the forefront of industry trends, her blog is a curated space where the worlds of fashion, tech, and legal landscapes converge.

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Pollution Essay with Outline – Causes and Effects

Essay on pollution with outline for matric, fa, fsc, 2nd year, intermediate, ba and bsc.

Here are 2 examples of essay on Pollution with Outline for students. This is Pollution essay with Reasons and effects for Class 10, Class 12 and graduation. The same essay could be written under the question, Essay on Pollution, Essay on Atmosphere Pollution, an essay on the types of pollution, Essay on environment pollution, pollution essay and pollution in Pakistan. If you are a student of FSC and you want this essay with quotations, you can visit this link .

Pollution Essay with Outline for B.A & BSC

  • It is a constant threat to mankind.
  • Pollution means “contamination” of the purity of things.
  • Atmospheric pollution is the result of emissions f gases.
  • The major water pollutants.
  • Noise pollution is a severe threat to human health.
  • Pollution is a fatal threat to every living being.
  • Every person should take part in the anti-pollution campaign.

“The most important pathological effects of pollution are extremely delayed and indirect.” (Rene Dubos)

We are living in the age of science and technology. Though we have made tremendous progress yet we have to conquer everything, has upset the balance between living things and surroundings. Pollution is like burning mountain that can cause every loss to the living souls on the earth. It is a constant threat to mankind and the entire civilization.

Pollution means “contamination of the purity of things.” It has become a grave problem which is destroying the purity of the air, the seas and the land. The main causes of pollution are continuous industrial development, the excessive use of automobiles and the population explosion. The wastes have been so great an amount that his capability of nature to dispose of wastes has become unable to purify the environment. This problem has assumed alarming proportion. Our rivers, seas, land and air have become polluted.

Atmospheric pollution is the result of emissions of carbon, mono-oxide, sulphur oxides and hydrocarbons. Factories are sending huge quantities of poisonous gases into the atmosphere. Thousands of cars, buses and aeroplanes are pouring deadly poisons into our atmosphere. This severe situation has posed a serious threat to the life of living species. Several people are suffering from various respiratory ailments that could threaten their very lives. Most of the industrial centres in Pakistan e.g. Karachi, Lahore, Faisalabad, Multan, Gujranwala are suffering from pollution one way or the other.

The discharge of the poisonous gases is damaging the Ozone layer which protects us from the harmful rays of the sun. this may result in cancerous diseases and also cause an increase in the atmospheric temperatures.

Human excrements, industrial discharges, nuclear wastes, hospital wastes and agricultural pesticide are the major water pollutants. These poisonous materials are contaminating nearby wells, canals and rivers. The result is that we do not have pure water to drink. This water pollution is killing wildlife and sea life. It is also causing various diseases among human beings. The food crops irrigated with poisonous waters also become poisonous. They also cause various diseases.

Noise pollution is another severe threat to human health. The constant noise of the factories disturbs ou mental peace all the time. The workers are suffering from several psychological diseases because of the noise pollution of machines. The noise of rickshaws and other vehicles shatters our nerves.

Pollution is a fatal threat to the survival of human beings, animals and vegetation. It is causing numerous human health problems such as cancer, weak eyesight, respiratory ailments, headaches, fatigue and digestive disorder. The massive use of pesticide and herbicide is poisoning the ecosystem of the earth. If pollution is not checked, our crops, our fields and our forests will soon disappear. It will cause serious danger to green, marine, animals and human life.

Pollution is an important problem in the modern age. Man must establish and maintain a beneficial relationship with the rest of nature. All activities which pollute the environment must be curtailed. Every person should fulfil his duty by actively taking part in the anti-pollution campaign.

Pollution Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation

  • Introduction
  • Factors which corrupt our atmosphere
  • uncontrolled growth of technology and vast industrial production
  • The massive use of pesticides
  • pollution due to automobiles
  • Pakistan has a high rate

The word “Pollution” means the destruction of the purity of the atmosphere. The pollution of the atmosphere is not a new problem. In the past, this problem did not pose a threat to the health of the people. But under modern conditions of life, this problem has assumed an alarming proportion. Every country in the world is faced with this problem. Even America, Britain and Japan are worried about pollution. They are making serious efforts to overcome it. It has posed a serious threat to the life of living species. Our rivers, seas, land and air have become polluted. The animal and other living species cannot survive in a dirty atmosphere.

Causes of Pollution

There are many factors which corrupt and pollute the atmosphere.

First, is the uncontrolled growth of technology and vast industrial production. The mills, factories and foundries emit smoke gases and poisonous fumes. In this way, they corrupt the atmosphere.

Second, the discharge of the gases and poisonous smoke is infecting rivers, lakes and oceans. The massive use of pesticides corrupts the atmosphere also. Apart from this, the countryside is being affected by the radiations and waste disposal of nuclear power.

Third, the ever-increasing pollution of the world has also contributed to the uncleanliness of the atmosphere.

Fourth, traffic has increased many times and the automobiles like buses, cars, rickshaws etc. emit smoke in large quantity and defile the environment.

Fifth, man has resorted to the game of destroying trees, plants and natural sights in order to fulfil his material needs.

Pakistan is an underdeveloped country. It is also faced with the problem of pollution. Pakistan has a high rate of pollution growth. It has spread a network of mills, factories and foundries. Science and technology have occupied the scene. The use of automobiles has multiplied. The land has been turned barren by the use of pesticides. The government of Pakistan is fully aware of the seriousness of this problem. A national pollution ordinance is on the anvil. Excessive use of radiations may cause serious damage to health.

Pollution is a serious danger to the health of man, living species, crops and animals. If it is not checked, it would endanger animal and human life. It can cause many ailments to men. This problem has become more grave for us because we depend too much on waterways. Our crops, our fields and our forests can soon disappear.

Our Government should take effective steps to improve the quality of the atmosphere. All activities which pollute the atmosphere must be curtailed.

After reading an essay on pollution, you can check Essay on drug abuse also.

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pollution essay for class 12 with quotations

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Essay on Pollution

An essay on pollution is an essential concept for students as it reveals the consequences of human activities on the environment. Read on to explore how to write an intriguing and engaging essay on pollution.

Essay on Pollution – Important Guidelines

Please consider adopting the following suggestions when writing an essay on pollution. Moreover, these suggestions will be helpful for most other essays as well.

  • Begin with an introductory paragraph, preferably highlighting the history or insight of the topic.
  • Try to avoid jargon unless the topic demands so.
  • Use bulleted points to present content wherever possible
  • Incorporate factual data, such as dates, names and places wherever possible.
  • Avoid writing a large monotonous block of text. Always break up the content into easily digestible chunks
  • Try to conclude the essay with a closing paragraph.

Essay on Pollution – Sample 1

Pollution had existed long before humans evolved. For instance, volcanic eruptions commonly pumped massive amounts of sulphur dioxide into the atmosphere, causing acid rain. The greenhouse gas, ozone, forms from natural, photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. 

However, significant levels of pollution occurred only after the Industrial Revolution, when untreated exhausts and toxic waste products were released into the environment. Air pollution was rampant, with thick, toxic smog covering most towns and cities. Water pollution affected many water bodies. Toxic substances leached into the soil, hampering the soil quality.

Today, there have been many measures to curb the effects of pollution, but its repercussions can still be observed. For instance, the land and sea ice near the poles have been decreasing at an alarming rate. This has led to the debate regarding climatic factors and their impact on our environment. There was a time when lead used to be added to motor fuel. This substance, combined with the world’s increasing demand for motor vehicles, caused a spike in air pollution. What made this air pollution more dangerous is the fact that the air had high levels of lead.

Lead is toxic and can cause a vast array of health problems. The most common illnesses are neurological in nature. Lead can also travel through the placenta, between a mother and her unborn child. Moreover, young children and infants are even more sensitive to lead. They can develop learning deficits, behavioural problems and also a low IQ.

Furthermore, some studies have arrived at a “lead-crime postulate”, where children who were exposed to high levels of lead were more likely to indulge in criminal activities. This correlation was made as to the crime rates during the 1980s, and early 1990s were rather high. Lead can also cause neurological effects on vertebrates and impair the reproductive capabilities of plants. More ominously, lead can be absorbed into the tissues of such organisms, and they can pass it on to us when we consume them.

Technological progress also brings newer forms of pollution. Radioactive pollution is one of the rarer types of pollution. This type of pollution occurs naturally as well – elements such as uranium and thorium are present in rocks and soil. Carbon-14 is a radioactive isotope of carbon naturally present in all living organisms. It is created by cosmic rays. However, these natural sources of radiation are of little concern. Only anthropogenic sources of radioactivity are considered lethal sources of pollution. For instance, the Chernobyl nuclear disaster is the most publicised nuclear disaster ever to occur. The total death count was documented to be at 16,000. However, unofficial reports indicated that the death toll was much higher. Most deaths occurred due to acute radiation poisoning and many other deaths were caused due to radioactivity-induced cancer. Though it has been more than a few decades, radioactivity still persists around the site of the nuclear reactor. Efforts to contain the radioactivity included building the Shelter Structure, more popularly known as the “sarcophagus”. It was built in December 1986 and enclosed the reactor, preventing radiation from leaking through the building. 

Though the levels of pollution have dropped down since the industrial revolution, we still see many repercussions to this day. Following are some extreme cases of pollution caused by anthropological activities.

The Great Smog of London was a severe case of air pollution that occurred in 1952. The event caused massive disruption by severely affecting visibility. It also caused a variety of respiratory illnesses in 1,00,000 individuals and the death of over 4,000 as a direct result of the smog. 

In India, pollution is even more rampant. Delhi has recorded one of the worst cases of air pollution, with the air rated as “hazardous” in November 2017.

Explore more essays on pollution or other related topics on  BYJU’S

Further Reading: Water Pollution

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Essay on “Pollution” Complete Essay for Class 10, Class 12 and Graduation and other classes.

Essay No. 01

The word pollution has been derived from the Latin word pollution, which means to make dirty. Pollution is the process of making the environment land water and air dirty by adding harmful substances to it. Pollution causes imbalance in the environment. This imbalance has threatened the very survival of all forms of life. It is a threat to the whole world. India ranks a low 125 out of 132 countries in the Environmental performance Index 2012. This report is produced by the researchers of Yale and Columbia University in association with the World Economic Forum.

Environmental pollution is a serious problem of the industrialized societies. The industrial development and the Green Revolution have adversely affected the environment. People have converted the life supporting system of the entire living world into their own resources and have vastly disturbed the natural ecological balance. Serious degradation and depletion have been caused due to the overuse, misuse and mismanagement of resources to meet the human greed.

Environment pollution is defined as the unfavorable alteration of our surroundings. It is a by product of man’s activities which directly or indirectly are responsible  for the changes in environment. These changes could be in the physical chemical or biological characteristics of land air or water that harm human life and other living things. Population explosion, rapid industrialization deforestation unplanned urbanization scientific and tech logical advancement etc.  The major causes of environmental pollution. Nearly 35 percent of India total land area is subjected to serious environmental pollution. Three fourths of the earth consists of water yet there is scarcity of potable water. In India allay the sources of water lie rivers lakes ponds and wells have been polluted and are unfit for drinking. As a result of the increased use of fertilizers, the rivers seas and oceans have become contaminated with harmful pollutants.

Industrialization has led to urbanization. The migration of rural population to the cities in search of work has created an unhealthy environment. It has led to overcrowding and establishment of slum areas. Towns and cities are full of smoke ,fumes dirt dust rubbish gases foul smell and noise.

Nuclear explosions and nuclear tests also pollute the air. The spread of radioactive materials into the air has increased. This radioactive pollution may cause cancers, abnormal births and mutations in men.

The Taj Mahal in Agra is affected by the fumes emitted by the Mathura refinery. Reports estimate that the monument would get defaced within a span of twenty years because of the harmful effluents of the emission from the refinery.

Water pollution adversely changes the quality of water. It disturbs the balance of the ecosystem and causes health hazards. Water becomes polluted by the presence or addition of inorganic and organic or biological substances. Industrial effluents which are dumped into the rivers further add to the water pollution levels.

Soil pollution usually results from the disposal of solid and semi solid wastes from agricultural practices and from insanitary habits. The soil gets heavily polluted by hazardous materials and micro organisms, which enter the food chain or water and create numerous health problems.

The emission of greenhouse gases has led to climatic changes. The increase in pollution has resulted in global warming. Global warming is an average increase in the Earth temperature due to greenhouse effect as a result of both natural and human activity. The term climate is often used interchangeably the term global warming. The ice caps in the polar regions have begun to melt fast. This has resulted in the rise of the water level of the seas and oceans. Grass sprouting in Antarctica and snowfall in the desert of the united Arab emirates are all the warning signals of global warning.

Pollution causes different types of diseases. Air pollution causes allergies asthma lung cancer and bronchitis. Radioactive pollutants cause respiratory problems paralysis cancer and other disease .Excessive noise pollution can lead to deafness anxiety stress increase in the rate of heartbeat and other health problems.

In order to fight this menace of pollution vigorous efforts should be made the anti pollution law should be strictly implemented. In order to check water pollution sewage and the factory waste should be planted everywhere and vehicles should be made eco friendly.

Public education and awareness of the relationship between climate change and human health is a key to deal with these problems more effectively.

General awareness is a must to save our planet from destruction. A ll the nations of the world should work united to control environmental pollution.

Essay No. 2

  • Concern for environment has increased and spread over recent years.
  • Pollution-a major environmental concern.
  • What is pollution?
  • Types and sources and effects of pollution.
  • Causes and associated problems.
  • Remedial measures-existent and suggested.
  • Conclusion.

Plato lamented the destruction of soils and forests in ancient Greece. Dickens and Engels wrote eloquently of the wretched conditions spawned by the Industrial Revolution. But the surge in concern about environmental quality over the last three decades has been uniquely widespread and impassioned. Appreciation of the material and spiritual importance of a healthy natural environment has spread. Perhaps the most dramatic intellectual shifts are occurring in the Third World, where understanding of the ecological under spinning of human life-largely lost in the post-war dreams of industrialisation is on the rise. The new interest in environmental quality complements recent shifts in thought among development theorists, many of whom now stress the need to address the basic needs of the poor directly rather than hope that the benefits of growth will trickle down to them. Improving the lot of the under-class and protecting environmental quality can be mutually-supportive goals.

Both internationally and within nations, the new appreciation of our bonds with nature has spawned new institutions and policies-new UN and governmental agencies, new laws, altered aid programmes, new international treaties. Yet for the most part, responses remain inadequate to the needs. For the most urgent need today is to protect and preserve what remains of the environment. To do that one has to understand the meaning of pollution and consider ways of tackling it.

Whenever we encounter the term ‘pollution’ now, we mean environmental pollution. though the dictionary describes ‘pollution’ as ‘the act of making something foul, unclean, dirty. impure, contaminated, defiled, tainted. desecrated….’ Environmental pollution may be described as the unfavorable alteration of our surroundings. It takes place through changes in energy patterns, radiation levels, chemical and physical constitutions, and abundance of organisms. It includes release of materials into atmosphere which make the air unsuitable for breathing, harm the quality of water and soil, and damage the health of human beings, plants and animals.

Air pollution in one form or another has accompanied human society from the beginning. Cooking over a wood/ dung cake fire often creates a smoky, unhealthy living environment. Today, many Third World cities and even entire rural valleys are blanketed by smoky haze, the poor man’s smog. In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many cities of Europe and the US were covered with black shrouds of smoke. Despite the successes registered against smoke, the pollution of city air by other products of coal combustion (above all, Sulphur dioxide) and by nitrous oxides, hydrocarbons, petroleum wastes, and carbon mon

oxide continues to worsen in most of the countries. Strong evidence indicates that prevailing levels of air pollution contribute to the development of chronic respiratory diseases (emphysema, asthma, and chronic bronchitis) besides short-term respiratory afflictions as well. And those living near smelters and refineries often face increased cancer risks because of the toxic substances spewing from smoke-stacks.

Rising concern about the physical discomfort and reduced visibility caused by pollution, and rising evidence of the damage being wreaked on crops and materials, joined health considerations to spur enactment of new anti~ pollution laws. Over the last 25 years, many countries have begun trying to regulate the flow of pollutants in the air, Air pollution can no longer be addressed as simply a local urban problem.

The presence in water of ‘micro-pollutants’-toxic chemicals and metals—and of disease-causing micro-organisms has increased over the years. Thermal pollution of water. ways is also causing increased concern. In general, pollution from so-called point sources like sewage pipes and factories is under progressively better control. But the contamination of waterways from diffuse sources-run-off from farmlands which tends to carry fertilizers, pesticides, and organic matter, and from urban areas, which often carries oil, metals, and other pollutants-remains largely uncontrolled and is on the increase in most countries. Acids and heavy metals falling with the rain constitute additional sources of water degradation. The problem of water pollution is growing day-by-day; today a great many people are deprived of disease-free potable water, as almost all the sources of water-from seas to wells-are increasingly being infested with different kinds of pollutants.

Soil pollution usually results from the disposal of solid and semi-solid wastes from agricultural practices and from insanitary habits. Fallouts from atmospheric pollution also contribute to soil pollution. Direct pollution of the land by pathogenic organisms is also important. Thus the soil is heavily polluted day-by-day by hazardous materials and micro-organisms, which enter the food chain or water and are consequently ingested by man. As a result, there are numerous health problems. Those bacteria which are transmitted from air to soil infect man causing bacillary dysentery, cholera, typhoid and paratyphoid fever. Flies which breed or get in contact with the contaminated soil become carriers of disease organisms. The eggs of some of the parasitic worms get incubated in the soil and both the eggs and larvae are infective.

Radioactive pollution of the environment is due to the increase in natural background radiation, emerging from the activities of man involving the use of naturally occurring or artificially produced radio-active materials. The chances of radioactive materials Spreading into the air have increased extensively as a result of the discovery of artificial radio-activity, and particularly due to the development of atomic bomb and of techniques of harnessing nuclear energy. Biological organisms including human beings are subjected to radioactive contamination either by consumption or inhalation. This radioactive pollution may cause cancers, abnormal births and mutations in men. Chronic exposure to radiation leads to leukemia in an individual and affects even an unborn child.

Thermal pollution denotes the impairment of the quality of environment air or water by a rise in its temperature. The discharge of hot effluents from industries, factories and mills and large volumes of warm ‘cooling water’ from electricity generating stations may cause a temperature rise of several degrees in a river or canal. The processes of life involve many chemical reactions, and the rate of these chemical reactions vary according to the changes in temperature. Apart from biochemical reactions, temperature is considered vitally important to physiology and in controlling reproductive cycles, digestion rates and respiration rates. The effects of thermal pollution are mainly seen on aquatic animals, particularly fish, on whom the human society so much depends.

The modern world has a new pollution to face-that of noise. The scientific approach for considering noise as a pollutant is by decibel. Apart from industrial noises the sources generally are loudspeakers, motor vehicles, trains, aircrafts, processions and rallies. Noise need not just lead to deafness. Research has shown that noise pollution is capable of causing ulcers, abortions, cardiovascular diseases, congenital defects and hypertension.

The first and most important cause of pollution is the growing population. The earth is now crowded with people, and all of them consume resources and create wastes. If the per capita amounts of pollutants and wastes were to remain constant, the residue loading of the environment would rise precisely in relation to the growth of population. This is acceptable within certain limits, given the capacity of air, water and land to absorb, dilute, carry away and otherwise render pollutants harmless. But, unfortunately, in many places these limits have either been reached or have been exceeded.

Another important factor is the rapid industrialisation and haphazard urbanisation all over the world. The natural processes which keep the planet habitable in the short-term are primarily cyclic. Materials moving through these cycles utilise solar energy and return to their original state before other processes start. In contrast, modern technology causes materials to be removed from the limited geological deposits or from living systems to be eventually discharged as wastes. Not only do these wastes act as pollutants of the natural cycle but they also alter the composition of the atmosphere and disturb the balance of solar radiation. Thus, man’s industrial activities add more stresses to the biosphere. The ability of the biosphere to withstand these stresses is further decreased by such conversion of complex natural ecosystems to simple ones. Haphazard urbanisation makes it quite difficult to provide and maintain the required civic amenities. Some cities have become so large and so crowded that the municipalities fail to properly maintain the sewage, provide clean drinking water or adequate garbage removal facilities.

The deterioration of natural systems in poor and marginal areas is at once a symptom and a cause of the extreme misery in which hundreds of millions live. The pollution problems cannot be isolated from questions of economic progress, political stability, social awareness, migration and international aid. Indeed, many types of localised environmental degradation have global implications. To some degree their causes are also international.

Through their way of life and the behaviour of their multinational corporations, citizens of the North can affect environmental conditions in the South. More important, the extent of the extreme poverty that gives rise to so much ecological damage and human suffering is influenced by international monetary, trade, technological and aid policies. The struggle to preserve global environmental quality is unavoidably intertwined with the struggle to improve the lot of the global under-class.

The problems are rooted in the society and the economy-and in the end in the political structure, both national and international. Foresters know how to plant trees, but not how to devise methods whereby villagers in India, the Andes, or the Sahel can manage a plantation for themselves. Biologists know where to draw boundaries for nature reserves, but cannot keep landless peasants from invading them to grow food or cut fuelwood. The solutions to such problems are increasingly seen to involve reforms in land tenure and economic strategy, and the involvement of communities in shaping their own lives.

Applying sensible pollution control faces inherent political and analytical difficulties. The direct expense of clean-up measures, falls upon particular industries or groups, while the resulting benefits, even if much large, are less visible and are spread widely in society. The costs of required controls are tangible and easily figured, but no ready means exist for totalling the benefits of pollution reduction. The temptation is to engage in extremely narrow accounting, ignoring the immeasurable, subtle benefits of a cleaner environment. The affected industries have a strong vested interest in opposing the required investments, while no single group has an immediate material interest of comparable magnitude in imposing controls. ‘Cigarette smoking, is injurious to health’, the ‘No Smoking Day and various others slogans, speeches and write-ups against smoking hardly have any adverse impact on Indian cigarette industries. Thus the political process is distorted, resulting in anti-pollution policies weaker than what is demanded by social interest.

No objective means exist for ascribing value to all the costs of uncontrolled pollution, or to the benefits of reducing it. What is the price of a shortened human life? How does one evaluate the spiritual loss of the residents of Tokyo whose sight of Mount Fuji is obscured by smog? How can we measure the value of a restored and productive ecosystem? The dual judgement about the desirability of anti-pollution measures, then, is inescapably a political one reheating value choices. No economist alone can supply answers to the great environmental policy issues of the day.

No doubt, the problems are many and complex even as pollution is growing unbridled. But a failure to control pollution carries and enormous price in the form of bad health and premature deaths of human beings, other animals and plants; losses of productive ecosystems such as fisheries; losses of recreational opportunities; and degradation of the aesthetic quality of life. People are gradually losing even the freedom to breathe safely. The all-round depletion is making this planet inhospitable and uninhabitable.

Because of the growing pernicious effects of pollution. the global consciousness on the issue of environment has been on the rise, especially since the United Nations Conference on Human Environment held at Stockholm in 1972. The 1992 Rio Summit on environment is a great landmark in this direction, though, of course, we have to wait for some time more for any tangible results.

The importance of clean environment and the detrimental effect of pollution have been realised in India as well. Several legislations exist to control pollution and conserve the environment, with the Environment Protection Act of 1988 being the landmark law. But unless the legislations are enforced with sufficient political will, they are rendered useless. Greater participation of the voluntary organisations and an effort to educate the masses on environment and pollution can help to make the Acts effective. Public policy can also be used to equalise the burden imposed by anti-pollution laws, and to make those who profit from pollution activities compensate those who suffer the ill consequences (the ‘polluter pays’ principle). If the costs were distributed fairly through society, the antipollution struggle would place no serious burden on anyone.

Environmental choices must be guided by a vision of a desirable human society and of the quality of the natural environment needed to support that vision.

Essay No. 3

It is an established fact that our metro cities are not good enough to live in. they offer neither pure, safe drinking water, nor a healthy , fresh air to breathe. The noise of ever –increasing number of vehicles does not allow us to sleep even at night.

All our important cities have been found to be the worst polluted cities in the world. It is, therefore, not surprising that major health problems have  become recurring occurrences. In order to overcome the problem , it is important to identify the sources of pollution.

The major source of pollution in the cities is the heavy traffic on the roads. Buses, cars, motor-cycles and other such vehicles emit carbon mono-oxide, which badly affects our lungs,

In fact, sometimes, it becomes difficult even to breathe because one can feel the heavy air that one is inhaling. Another source of pollution is the smoke from the factories, running in residential area. They emit highly toxic fumes into the atmosphere making life miserable  for those who life around.

Another reason of too much pollution is the absence of plants and trees. Cutting down of trees indiscriminately everywhere for the sake of buildings has created the problem of survival itself. We forget that trees breathe in carbon-dioxide  and release oxygen into the atmosphere so that the atmosphere is , automatically, purified.

However, the blind race for industrialization and development everywhere has resulted in every few patches of  greenery in our cities. It has resulted in our suffering the ill effects of  atmospheric pollution.

Water is another essential necessity which, again, we get in a highly polluted form. It is easy to isolate the sources of pollution here also. One reason is our age- old superstitious belief in ancient customs which leads us to make the water filthy. For example, hair after  a ‘Mundan’  ceremony is collected and thrown into the river Ganges or the Yamuna.

Ashes and left-over bones, after the cremation of the dead body of a friend or relative, are also thrown into these and other big rivers. It never comes to our mind that the cities through which these rivers are flowing, receive their water supply from them. Yet people can be seen washing their dirty clothes with impunity on the banks of these rivers which further contaminates the water.

As if all this is not enough, effluents from industries are also released into the rivers and these further aggravate the problem. Yet again, the pipes through which the water is supplied to us are often old and rusted. There is apparently no way of cleaning them with the result that  worms, cysts, dust, and other impurities are a normal part of the ‘fresh’ water, supplied to us in the cities.

The aftermath of all this pollution of air and water is really deadly for all those living in cities. Air pollution leaves no pure air to breathe in and these results in a host of diseases life suffocation, breathlessness, asthma and migraine.

The body remains deprived of its required supply of oxygen and thus we feel too weak to work efficiently. This is why our cities are filled with pale, anemic – looking adults and children, for the blood deprived of the life-giving oxygen, absorbs the toxic gases present in the atmosphere.

Water pollution is also highly harmful. In addition to the toxic  effects of the industrial poisons, which the water contains, cysts and worms have become a chronic problem with many a city dweller. Even heavy chlorination shows no beneficial effects and the level of pollution remains above the acceptable norms.

No wonder, epidemics life cholera, typhoid, hepatitis and other such water – borne diseases regularly attach the masses. Further, the dust, which can easily be seen, if the water is collected in a vessel and left standing for some time, results in the bladder and kidney problems.

The most urgent need of the hour, therefore, is to have an effective check on the pollution problem, if we are to escape being a nation of sick and unhealthy citizens. This is possible only when individuals and the government are serious enough about remedying the situation and make quick, joint efforts.

A number of steps are to be initiated to get rid of the air pollution in cities. All of us should maintain our vehicles well so that only the minimum amount of fumes is emitted. The government can take a strong view of it and penalize the offenders heavily. If there are frequent checks, they are sure to yield positive results.

Again, there should be continuous check on the industries, spewing smoke and toxic fumes without any consideration for  others into the atmosphere., the chimneys should be at a high from where the smoke does not come down to the earth. Wherever possible, trees and plants should be planted this will convert the carbon –di- oxide in the atmosphere in to life-giving oxygen.

Likewise, stern and deterring steps must be taken to check water pollution. Dumping of rubbish at any point in any river has to be prohibited. To respect the religious sentiments of the people , certain areas could be cordoned – off for the ceremonial disposal of ashes etc. a regular cleaning operation of the river should be undertaken.

The results are sure to be highly rewarding, if mass involvement is encouraged. Sometime back there was a major  Ganges- cleaning Operation, and it yielded tones of rubbish. However, unless this is done on a regular basis, the problem is not going to e eliminated forever.

Again, the industries throwing their waster into the river-waters should be  ordered to incinerate it at the source. Further the municipal authority’s in – charge of the water supply should clean up their tanks regularly and filter and treat the water properly to free it from dust, cysts and other dangerous matter in it. Epidemics of water –borne diseases would, then , be prevented from increasing at the source.

Essay No. 04

The Problem of Pollution

Pollution is defined as the contamination of environment’s pure elements by the harmful agents or increase in their percentage above a certain permissible limit. For example the pollution of air is the contamination of pure air by the harmful agents like soot, noxious fumes by vehicles and industries. Pollution of water by the harmful chemicals is another example of the pollution. Since the start of the industrial revolution, there has been a constant change in the composition of the air chiefly due to the burning of fossil fuels used for energy and transportation purposes.

Air pollution is a chief environmental health problem. The effects of air pollution on health are very complicated. The chief sources of the air pollution are Suspended Particulate Matter (SPM), carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, volatile organic compounds produced by industries etc. Besides that indoor air pollution can prove to be severely fatal to health as it is released in close proximity to the inhabitants. The fact that should be noted is that a pollutant released indoors is many times more likely to reach the lung than that released outdoors. In the developing countries a fairly large portion of the population is dependent on biomass for their energy requirements. These include wood, charcoal, agricultural residue, and animal waste. These sources are used for cooking and heating and are commonly found in the household both in the rural and the urban areas. The stove is generally situated at the floor level, enhancing the risk of incidents. In addition, they are often not fitted with a chimney for the exhaustion of pollutant gases. In such households the children and women are most likely to be affected, as they are the inhabitants that spends more time indoors.

Common atmospheric pollution sources and their pollutants are listed below:

– Burning of agriculture residues; suspended particulate matter, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds

– Mining, crude oil and gas production; suspended particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, volatile organic compounds.

– Generation of power; suspended particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, sulphur trioxide, lead.

– Combustion engines of vehicles; suspended particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, lead.

– Incinerators; suspended particulate matter, sulphur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, carbon monoxide, volatile organic com-pounds, lead.

Air contains gaseous pollutants, odours, and SPM, (Suspended Particulate Matter). Fires are also among major source of air pollution and can lead to severe problems. These fires can either be forest fires, oil well fires, burning of leaves in the backyard or as in the case of rural areas, large-scale burning of agricultural waste. Another main pollutant in this environment is the SPM. In fact, death due to indoor air pollution, mainly particulate matters, in the rural areas of India are one of the highest in the world. Tobacco smoke generates a wide range of harmful. It is not new that smoking affects the passive smoker ranging from burning sensation in the eyes or nose, and throat irritation, to cancer, bronchitis, severe asthma, and a decrease in lung activity. Biological pollutants mostly include allergens that can cause asthma, hay fever, and other allergic diseases. Volatile compounds can cause irritation of the eye, nose and throat. They may also cause headaches, nausea, and loss of coordination. Long time exposures to lead can lead damage to the nervous system, digestive problems, and in some cases cancer. Exposure to ozone gas cause  itching and burning sensation of eyes. It has also been associated  with Increase in respiratory disorders such as asthma.

It lowers the resistance to colds and pneumonia. Carbon monoxide combines with hemoglobin to reduce the amount of oxygen that enters our blood through our lungs. It affects our concentration, slow our reflexes, and make us confused and sleepy. Suspended matter consists of dust, fumes, mist and smoke. The chief chemical component of SPM that is of major concern is lead, others being nickel, arsenic, and those present in diesel exhaust. These particles when breathed in, lodge in our lung tissues and cause lung damage and respiratory problems. Tobacco smoke generates, a wide range of harmful chemicals and is a major cause of ill health, as it is known to cause cancer, not only to the smoker but affecting passive smokers too. It is well known that smoking affects the passive smoker (the person who is in the vicinity of a smoker and is not himself/herself a smoker) ranging from burning sensation in the eyes or nose, and throat irritation, to cancer, bronchitis, severe asthma, and a decrease in lung function. These gases can severely affect the health of the population and should be dealt now as it is still in its primitive stage. A pure and clean environment is good for everyone.

Essay No. 05

Pollution will Kill Humanity 

Pollution is probably the most important problem in the world_ today. Unlike most of the other problems in the world, such as  AIDS, pollution is a human creation. Since the beginning of time , whenever human beings changed their environment, they were  greatly affected. Areas where pollution is extremely high encounter death rates and disease rates that are sometimes 15 or 20 times more than areas without pollution. Greedy corporations are pushing these problems to areas not ready to encounter this high level of pollution and if something isn’t done soon to curtail these problems, we will all surely feel the long-standing effects they bring.

Nowadays, children are leading the environmental revolution. More educated and smarter on the issues that the world is facing, children are changing the planet. Still, all the education in the world cannot counter the pressure that big business is putting on the globe. Chemicals, human wastes, toxic wastes, and other kinds of pollution are beyond repair in some cases. Corporations do not care about the planet; they are willing to trade off small environmental risks for jobs and success in individual communities.

Another problem dealing with waste disposal is the fact that human waste is still dumped into rivers, lakes, and oceans without the proper treatment. Although the oceans aren’t greatly affected by a small amount of waste, over time it could definitely begin to hurt human interests in them, such as the fishing industry. In rivers and lakes though, there is usually no way for the waste to find its way out of the water. A further result of air pollution is acid rain. Acid rain basically appears when factories release high levels of sulphur into the air. The sulphur then combines with rainwater to form a weak sulphuric acid. Acid rain itself cannot harm humans, but it can harm our environment and our quality of life. And since studies have yet to be completely conclusive, nobody knows how it affects us physically in the long run. One of the reasons it is such a threat is because it travels in the air and may fall on areas that did not produce it. Since acid rain can be prevented by government regulation, stopping the release of sulphur into the air is a definite first step to curbing acid rain. In early 1974, scientists warned governments across the globe that the release of certain industrial chemicals, such as CFCs and Halogens, could result in a thinning of our ozone layer. The ozone layer is a part of our atmosphere that prevents most ultraviolet rays from entering the earth’s surface layer. It allows only enough high-energy radiation to enter so that  Vitamin D in humans can become active. High radiation, and certain human mutations begin to occur. In 1985, a hole in the ozone layer was discovered over Antarctica. Over the past 10  Year more and more holes were discovered over different n world. parts the Another type of pollution that is definitely a threat to human safety is toxic waste pollution. This type of contamination is caused when the bye products of chemical reactions are basically just dumped anywhere the company that produced them so pleases Although there are supposedly safe ways of disposing of these wastes, there is no natural way of ridding the planet of them. Therefore, most toxic waste is just left out to seep into water sources and into areas of human development. Further areas of environmental contamination are nuclear waste, nuclear disaster, and nuclear war. All three of these are directly related to each other in that all can result in immediate death and death well after contamination. Nuclear wastes are the bye products of nuclear reactions in power plants. There is a very safe way to dispose of nuclear waste, but it has been proven in the past that many of these techniques can be harmful to human beings if they are not properly completed. Nuclear waste contains high levels of radiation. Radiation, in levels of that height, can kill a person within hours. At lower levels, such as levels of radiation that someone would encounter over long periods of time, radiation can cause cancer.

Essay No. 06

Science and technology have enriched man’s life, but they have polluted mans environment to the point of posing a threat to mans very survival. Today, the very things which had been designed to make mans life comfortable are having a disastrous effect on his physical and mental well being due to pollution.

 Twentieth century has witnessed a gigantic revolution in the field of science and technology. It has enabled man to harness the forces of nature, conquer distances and bring about a revolution in the methods of industrial and agricultural production. Scientific knowledge and technical innovation have vastly helped in improving the life of man, removing diseases and ignorance. But they have not helped in creating an environment which could be favorable to life’s full growth. Man has sadly created an imbalance between himself and nature. The very Instruments which were supposed to help man have created many problems. Today, man stands on the brink of annihilation as a result of environmental pollution.

One of the greatest problems confronting the modern civilized world is pollution, which literally means fouling the natural habitat and environment Air pollution, water pollution, land pollution, noise pollution are some of the many types of pollution. The problem is assuming monstrous proportions. The root cause of the problem is man himself who has not been foresighted enough to plan the use of science and technology. He has allowed himself to get carried away with his knowledge and disturbed the ecological balance, so essential for living on the planet.

Industrialization has greatly benefited mankind. It has led to urbanization But the haphazard growth of modern cities, industrial centres, migration of rural population to the cities in search of work has created an unhealthy environment. It has given rise to overcrowding, slums, juvenile delinquency, inadequate civic amenities, addiction to drugs and alcohol and crime. People living in big cities no longer breath fresh air and see any green open spaces. They live amidst noise and pollution which leads to disease. It is almost impossible to completely get rid of this noise pollution, yet proper legislation and public cooperation can greatly he in reducing it. There should be a regular check on use of loud Speaker indiscriminate use of horns by the motorists. Medical experts have warned that excessive noise can lead to deafness and create other health problems which can do irreversible damage to the well being of man. Today, we have come a long way from the days when our forefathers were woke up at the crack of dawn by the chirping of the birds and the cooks early morning call. It is indeed an irony that today man, especially in urban areas spends many sleepless nights because of careless use of the very devices which were designed to make man’s life comfortable.

Air pollution is another example of how the growth of modem industry and means transport have played havoc with mans environment. One of the worst agents of air pollution is the smoke being belched out by the chimneys of the factories and the motorcars, buses, etc. In fact, industries which create air pollution should not be in the heart of the cities. While, it cannot be totally eliminated because of the industrial expansion and the ever increasing number of motor vehicles, some measures can be devised to reduce the menace. Already enough damage has been done to human environment both rural and urban. The government has set up a Department of Environment in 1980 and enacted a new law the environment Protection Act (1986) to serve as a focal point tor planning, promotion and coordination of environment protection programmes. Also as per the Policy Statement for Abatement of Pollution announced in February, 1992, the key elements for pollution prevention are adoption of the best available clean and practical technologies rather than end of the pipe treatment. The focus is on source reduction and substitution chemicals with sale alternatives. However, more concrete measures need to be taken to check the growing menace.

Water, one of the most essential needs for the survival of life on the earth is being polluted to such an extent by industrial waste that it is posing a serious threat to plant and animal life. Water pollution industrial waste has become a serious menace. Most industries dumb their waste products in the rivers which are the sources of drinking water. This poisonous waste being poured into the rivers contaminates the fish an important source of food for millions of people and it makes it unfit to human consumption. The same water is used for irrigation and thus pollutes food. It is unsafe for drinking but is consumed by ignorant people thereby leading to disease and death. The extent of water pollution ultimately alarmed the environmentalists who brought it to the notice if the government. Then the government took some interest in this neglected area by taking measures to check water pollution. In 1986, the government launched the Clean Ganga Programme and several sewage treatment plants started operating at Varanasi, Patna, Allahabad and near the source of river at Hardwar to purify the Ganga water.

India is tropical country. It had at one time dense forests and was very rich in flora and fauna. But the rate at which the denudation of the country’s rich forest cover has been continuing, we may not be left with any forest cover by the end of this century. Reckless and unplanned urbanisation, increasing pressure of the exploding population, commercial felling of the trees overgrazing and over cultivation by land-starved peasants. All these are factors that have been responsible for the shrinkage of the forest cover consequently leading to climatic changes. Destruction of forests has led to extinction of many rare species of wildlife turned land into fallow wasteland.

Recent studies have confirmed that the earth’s surface is getting warmer. The main reason for this rise in temperature has been industrialization. Industries release a large quantity of carbon dioxide and other gases into the atmosphere. It has been found that the earth is surrounded by sulphate clouds which has led to irreversible atmospheric changes all over the world. The pattern of rain fall has changed over the years due to the greenhouse effect, which is a general warming of the world due to the formation of carbon dioxide and other gases in the atmosphere.

Soviet geophysicists have unravelled the dense sulphate cloud which shrouds the planet Venus and they have said that it is a warning to the mankind against uncontrolled pollution of the atmosphere. Venusian clouds are a result of natural processes but sulphate clouds on earth are caused by industrial activity. The accumulation to these compounds in our atmosphere leads to irreversible consequences excess heating of the air and climatic changes all over the world.

Recent studies by British scientists, based on detailed measurements stretching back over l20 years, have continued that surface of the earth is warming up. It is predicted that the temperature of the earth might increase most by 1.5 to 4.5 degree Celsius by the year 2050. Consequently the ice caps and glaciers would begin to melt into the sea and raise the sea level, lapping further over the land margins and perhaps encroaching open low-lying cities such as Bankok and Venice.

Altering the proportion of sea to land on the surface of the earth would further upset the balance of climate with the consequent adverse effect on agriculture and food production around the world. The main reason for the rise in temperature has been industrialization.

Nobody can argue against the need for maintaining an ecological balance. It is a crime against humanity to clear new projects which require deforestation for construction of large dams, to build up thermo nuclear weapons of mass destruction. Unless everyone becomes aware of the need to save our planet from destruction, there can be no hope for mankind. Statesmen, scientists, engineers, and men and women in the ordinary walks of life must realise their obligation to humanity and join hands to stop potentially dangerous and disruptive activities which are spoiling our atmosphere and surroundings. Otherwise the earth will soon become a graveyard. We cannot afford to be complacent in protecting and conserving our environment for ourselves and for the generations to come.

Essay No. 07

Environmental Pollution

To pollute, literally, means to defile or make dirty. The addition of undesirable or unclean elements to the environment causes an imbalance and leads to pollution. This imbalance has not only led to deterioration in the quality of our lives but has also threatened the very survival of all life. If this imbalance grows beyond a certain limit, it may prove fatal. The ever and rapidly increasing pollution is a matter of global concern, because it is not confined to a particular country, region or land. It is a threat to the whole world and must be fought unitedly.

The problem of pollution is all the more acute in our overcrowded towns and cities. The ever-growing consumerism has further worsened the problem. The biosphere and ecosystem of cities and towns is fast losing its self-sustaining power. The rapid industrialisation of the cities has made them almost unfit for living. They are full of smoke, noxious fumes, dirt, dust, rubbish: corrosive gases noise. The burning of various fuels in foul smell and deafeningnoise. The burning of various fuels in the factories and mills, release of a great amount of sulphur-dioxide in the air cause serious pollution. For example, in Delhi, a large part of the population suffers from respiratory and related disorders. In other metropolitan cities like Mumbai Kolkata and Chennai, the situation is no better. The thousands of vehicles spewing smoke and producing unbearable noise in Delhi have aggravated the situation manifold. Delhi is symptomatic of the have growing urban pollution and chaos in the country. The same fate awaits other cities of the country.

Since most of our cities are on the banks of the murky and livers or the coast, our rivers and seas too have turned polluted and fishes and other creatures living in them are found rotting on the shores. The atmosphere in the cities is saturated with such pollutants as carbon-monoxide, oxides of sulphur and nitrogen, hydrocarbons pesticides, fly-ash, soot and sometimes, radioactive substances. The air is also choked with foul smells and toxic fumes. These have found their way into our foodstuffs. The toxic chemicals, industrial wastes and effluents discharged into rivers and seas from the mills and factories have proved fatal to marine life. Heaps of garbage, rising in ugly mounds in the cities, tell a story of our blind, foolish and lopsided urban growth and development. Our villages, too, are not free from this ecological degradation. They have lost much of their forests and pastures. This depletion of natural resources and imbalance in ecology will make our cities collapse under their own weight of contradictions.

Obviously, pollution has crossed all the tolerable limits and if no effective remedial measures are taken soon, the results may prove catastrophic. Vehicles belching smoke should not be allowed to run on the roads of the city. Eco-unfriendly vehicles should be strictly banned and there should be frequent pollution checks, and those found guilty of violating the rules should be adequately fined and punished. They must be forced to follow some absolute minimum standard of emission.

Noise is one of the great pollutants. The general noise level in the cities is rising alarmingly, causing many mental and physical diseases. Noise emanating from factories, vehicles, trains, public address systems, T.V. sets, aircrafts, and sirens, etc. is really too much. It has been proved that noise beyond a safe limit causes various kinds of disorders, both mental and nervous. Concentration is difficult in a noisy place, if not impossible. To perform anything creative and fruitful, concentration is a pre-condition. Noise also adversely affects our rest and sleep and thereby gives rise to many problems related to psychosocial behaviour. Frequent loud noise may cause decreased flow of blood in the small vessels, dilation of pupils, tension of muscles, digestive upsets, nervousness, anxiety and irritation.It lowers the working efficiency. The most glaring effect of noise is in the form of gradual loss of sense of hearing. There are noise-controllers but they are not of much help because of the lack of public awareness. We can reduce the menace to some extent by planting more and more trees.

The presence of pollutants in the sources of water, like rivers, lakes, ponds, and seas, is another great health hazard. Water reservoirs are full of pollutants, which include toxic chemicals, industrial effluents, suspended solids, organic and inorganic substances, and bacteria, etc. The sewerage has seriously damaged the health of our water resources. The discharges contain a variety of poisonous effluents, which cause the outbreak and spread of water-borne diseases and epidemics. The detergents, fertilizers, pesticides, oil spills are other major pollutants of water. Waste from slaughter houses, dairy and poultry farms, breweries, tanneries, paper and sugar mills have caused havoc.

In order to check water pollution, the sewerage and factory effluents and waste should be properly treated and cleaned before being discharged into streams, rivers and seas. Chemical industries should not be allowed to be located on the banks of the rivers and the coasts. There should be strict rules in regard to the observation of pollution rules and regulations, and the guilty should be severely punished. Gradually people becoming more and more aware of the growing problem of pollution. It is reflected in the first Act passed by the Indian Government in 1974, to have control over water pollution Then in 1980 another Act was passed to prevent air pollute ion. And, finally, the Department of Environment was created as an independent agency in November 1980, to look after the k environmental needs. But the measures, so far, to check environmental pollution have been more or less symbolic and half-hearted.

More than 70% of all the water available in our country polluted. Like water and air, our soil is also getting polluted. It is estimated that over 35% of our total land area suffers from environmental degradation. Deforestation and excessive use of artificial fertilizers and pesticides are the main factors of this degradation of our land. Overgrazing has further worsened the problem. A number of solid wastes, such as garbage, trash, ash, sludge, plastic material, useless bottles, and cans, etc., dumped here and there make the atmosphere dirty and polluted.

In order to fight this menace, vigorous efforts should be made and anti-pollution laws should be strictly practiced. More needs to be done through mass media in order to seek people’s participation in the movement. Pollution holds out come threat and danger to us and to the generations to therefore, it should be fought tooth and nail. The use of solar and wind energy should be encouraged because it is clean and pollution-free. The awareness against the scourge seems to be growing but it needs to be matched with’ nationwide pollution control measures.

Essay No. 08

Pollution is the most serious problem the mankind is facing today. It can defined as the addition of poisonous and unwanted substances into the environment in extremely large quantities.

Infact it is three kinds-air, water and soil. Emission of toxic gases, such as, the carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, Sulphur dioxide. These gases are being emitted by innumerable industries and vehicles into the atmosphere which causes the imbalance of life-giving oxygen. The air thus become polluted and unfit for breathing leading to several kinds of diseases.

Wastewater from the industries and their liquid effluents are released into the rivers and seas. They, besides pol- luting the water also kill the marine life, damage the coastal and the riverine ecology and destroy the drinking water re- sources. Fishes that feed on these pollutants retain poison in their bodies. When human beings consume there they also get poisoned.

Excessive and irresponsible use of fertilizers and pesticides in agriculture causes soil pollution. It is because the plant can take only a definite quantity of fertilizer or pesticide. The excess quantity goes into the soil thereby destroying the rejuvenating powers of the soil and making it infertile. Often during the rainy season this excess of fertilizers and pesticides flow into nearby ponds and canals, which are thus poisoned.

The latest pollution which is threatening air, water and soil in the nuclear wastes and emission. Any accident in nuclear powers plants irradiates the soil, air, grains, water, etc. thus making them unfit for the civilization.

The gap in the ozone is also a serious danger for man- kind as well as other living creatures. This must be checked.

However all is not lost. The recent advancements have made it possible to control the pollution and return the ecology to its pristine quality. Electronics precipitators or the industrial emissions, catalytic convertors for the automobile emissions, recycling and scrubbing plants for the industrial wastewater and liquid effluents, and bio-fertilizers and pesticides for agricultural purposes, etc. are some of the remedies that can help nature regain its purity.

In the presence of these remedies all that is required now is the public will so that we may once again live in clean environment.

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pollution essay for class 12 with quotations


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Pollution Essay for Class 1 – 12 & Quotes

We learn more about different types of pollution through Pollution Essay , & Quick and smart quotes on pollution for school students.

I have highlighted the main points through quotes by great people & short catchy slogans on pollution.

Pollution means making the environment dirty/polluted that causes a serious problem for all human being.

As a result of human developmental, that causes the imbalance between nature and its components.

Ultimately we face nature’s anger in the form of natural calamity, disastrous like problems. Approximately more than 35% of the total land is affected by environmental pollution.

Among all types of pollution like water, noise & soil, air pollution is the most dangerous.

Pollution not only harms the outer world but also affect humans, that leads to several types of harmful diseases.

It’s government and our duty to protect our environment takes necessary measures to control pollution.

The pollution is a major concern for everyone, so it’s our responsibility to educate children about the consequences of pollution.

Also, tell people about, how to control pollution in our society? Our motive is to help school students, I have summarized Pollution Essay for Kids, Ukg, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12th and higher graduates.

10 lines on Pollution Essay

  • Pollution is the process of making the environment dirty by adding harmful substance to it.
  • Pollution causes imbalances in the environment.
  • Pollution is a threat to every survival of life.
  • Nearly 35% of India’s total land area is too alarming levels polluted.
  • Air pollution is considered as the most dangerous among the other types of pollution.
  • Industrialization has led to urbanization as well as pollution.
  • The general noise level in the cities as well as in the rural area is rising very fast.
  • Pollution causes different types of diseases.
  • The destruction of forests has led to climate change.
  • We should control pollution for our safe survivals.

Short Essay on Pollution | Pollution Essay In English

The points we discuss on this topic are pollution – most dangerous; threat to the environment, railways and other developments; spread of pollution; water & noise pollution , soil and explosion pollution; control necessary & more.

Pollution is the most dangerous health hazard to our peace and work. With the development of new scientific inventions, there has been a great advancement in the means of industry, transportation, medicine and other fields.

Big cities have emerged due to the explosion of population and means have increased.

RELATED : Complaint Letter about Noise Pollution in Your Area

More industries have started. All these things have resulted in pollution. Our environment is being polluted through different means such as noise, air, water and food.

Certain species have been exterminated, and humanity is under a great threat of environmental pollution.

There has been a drastic change at the scientific and technological level. We have established factories, developed railways and exploited natural resources for our progress, advancement and prosperity.

Side by side we have started cutting down the forest for our benefits and the land has become barren.

There is very less tree plantation. The tall chimneys of the factories emit out smoke and pollute the air and affect the growth of trees and other plants.

This means that the means of transportation have added greatly to the spread of pollution.

Railway engines, buses, trucks and other vehicles produce so much smoke that the life in the industrial city and town has become a victim of incurable diseases.

The noise of machinery, along with factories and vehicle, have brought deafness to millions of people. Their hearing power have suffered adversely.

Even the water has become polluted, and fish and other water creatures do not find their survival in the polluted water. Being all this, inhaling the pure air is become of a thing of the past.

The primary concern is that the soil has also become polluted. We use pesticides and chemical fertilizers for the advancement of production and to get more yields.

But their use is again affecting our grains. The soil pollution is contaminating the rivers along with the rainfall. We have a rapid increase in the population.

The poor people have a belief that every boy is an earner as well as a helper. They can’t keep their sources clean as their standard of living and earning capacity is very meagre.

All these things have created a vicious of pollution. We have come to such a brink that it has become impossible to control the pollution though the government is initiating steps to control it.

10 Short Pollution Quotes

Above we have got 10 quick points on pollution essay, now we have for you really awesome quotes on pollution.

” Man is the only animal that fouls its own nest. – Anonymous
” Visual pollution is more poisonous than any other pollution because it kills the soul. – Friedensreich Hundertwasser
” Give a hoot, don’t pollute!
” Love is in the air but the air is highly polluted. – Amit Abraham
” Pollution should never be the price of prosperity. – Al Gore
” We forget that the water cycle and the life cycle are one. —Jacques Cousteau
” Green revolution is the best solution to remove pollution. —Unknown
” Trees cause more pollution than automobiles do. – Ronald Reagan
” Pollution is the forerunner of perdition. – John Trapp

10+ Short Slogan on Pollution

Here are some popular slogan for pollution by famous people.

I hope, the above article about pollution & its type, will be helpful for school students and college graduate. short pollutions essay & more.

Also Read: 10 Harmful Effects of Smoking on Health

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Essay on Pollution In English For Students

Essay on Pollution for Students: Explore Essay on pollution in varying lengths, including 100, 150, 200, 600, and 800 words.

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November 19, 2023

Essay on Pollution

Table of Contents

Essay on Pollution: Pollution is a big problem that happens when harmful things get into the air, water, and land around us. It can be from factories, cars, or even how we throw away our trash. Pollution is not good because it can make people and animals sick and can even change the weather. It’s not just a problem in one place – it’s everywhere, and it affects the whole world. In this essay, we’re going to talk about the different kinds of pollution, where it comes from, and why we all need to work together to make things better for our planet.

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Short Essay on Pollution

Below, we present concise and comprehensive essays on pollution in English to enhance your understanding. Upon reviewing these essays, you will gain insights into the definition of pollution, its primary causes, methods for prevention, and more. These resources can prove valuable for your academic assignments, such as essay writing, speech delivery, or paragraph composition in school or college.

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Essay on Pollution in 100 Words

Pollution happens when harmful stuff gets into nature and makes things bad. There are different kinds of pollution like dirty air, dirty water, dirty soil, too much noise, and too much light. The sources of pollution are diverse, ranging from industrial activities to household waste. Pollution has severe consequences on ecosystems, human health, and the overall well-being of our planet. Addressing pollution is a collective responsibility that requires global awareness and sustainable practices. Governments play a crucial role in enforcing regulations, promoting renewable energy sources, and raising awareness about the importance of environmental conservation.

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Essay on Pollution in 150 Words

Pollution is a pressing environmental issue affecting our planet. It occurs when harmful substances contaminate the air, water, or soil. The primary sources of pollution include industrial activities, vehicle emissions, improper waste disposal, and deforestation. Air pollution, caused by the release of pollutants into the atmosphere, leads to respiratory problems and climate change. Water pollution, resulting from the discharge of chemicals and waste into water bodies, poses a threat to aquatic life and human health.

Soil pollution occurs when pollutants, such as pesticides and industrial waste, degrade the quality of soil, impacting plant growth and food safety. Noise pollution, caused by excessive noise from various sources, can lead to stress and hearing loss. Light pollution disrupts natural ecosystems and affects wildlife behavior. To address pollution, individuals must adopt sustainable practices, industries must implement cleaner technologies, and governments must enforce stringent environmental regulations.

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Essay on Pollution in 200 Words

Pollution is a global challenge that poses a threat to the health of our planet and its inhabitants. It manifests in various forms, including air, water, soil, noise, and light pollution. The consequences of pollution are far-reaching, affecting ecosystems, biodiversity, and human well-being. Industrial activities, urbanization, and improper waste management contribute significantly to pollution.

Air pollution, caused by the release of pollutants into the atmosphere, leads to respiratory diseases, climate change, and environmental degradation. Water pollution results from the discharge of chemicals, sewage, and industrial waste into rivers, lakes, and oceans, harming aquatic life and contaminating drinking water sources. Soil pollution occurs when pollutants like pesticides and heavy metals degrade the quality of soil, affecting plant growth and food safety.

Noise pollution, generated by traffic, industrial machinery, and other human activities, can have adverse effects on human health, causing stress, sleep disturbances, and hearing loss. Light pollution, caused by excessive artificial light in urban areas, disrupts natural ecosystems and interferes with the behavior of nocturnal animals.

Addressing pollution requires collective efforts at individual, community, and governmental levels. Individuals can contribute by adopting eco-friendly practices, reducing waste, and using sustainable modes of transportation. Industries must invest in cleaner technologies and adhere to strict environmental standards. 

Long Essay on Pollution 

Pollution is a complex and multifaceted environmental issue that poses a significant threat to the sustainability of our planet. It is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment, resulting in adverse changes that affect ecosystems, biodiversity, and human health. Pollution can take various forms, including air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution, and light pollution, each with its unique set of challenges and consequences.

Sources of Pollution

The sources of pollution are diverse and often interconnected. Industrial activities, urbanization, transportation, agriculture, and improper waste management contribute significantly to the release of pollutants into the environment. Industrial processes emit a variety of pollutants, including greenhouse gases, particulate matter, and toxic chemicals, which can have detrimental effects on air quality and contribute to climate change.

Vehicle emissions, stemming from the burning of fossil fuels, release pollutants such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulate matter into the atmosphere, contributing to air pollution and respiratory diseases. Improper disposal of waste, both solid and liquid, contaminates water bodies and soil, posing threats to aquatic life, plant health, and food safety.

Agricultural practices, including the use of pesticides and fertilizers, contribute to soil and water pollution, affecting both the environment and human health. Deforestation and urbanization disrupt natural ecosystems, leading to habitat loss and the displacement of wildlife. Noise pollution, resulting from human activities such as traffic, construction, and industrial processes, can have adverse effects on human health, causing stress, sleep disturbances, and hearing loss.

Consequences of Pollution

The consequences of pollution are severe and far-reaching. Air pollution is a major contributor to respiratory diseases, including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Long-term exposure to air pollutants such as particulate matter and nitrogen dioxide has been linked to cardiovascular diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Water pollution poses threats to aquatic life and human health. Contaminated water sources can lead to the spread of waterborne diseases, affecting millions of people globally. Soil pollution affects plant growth and food safety, as pollutants like pesticides and heavy metals accumulate in the soil and enter the food chain.

Noise pollution can have physiological and psychological effects, causing stress, sleep disturbances, and an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Light pollution disrupts natural ecosystems and interferes with the behavior of nocturnal animals, affecting their reproductive patterns and migration.

Global Impact

Pollution is not confined to local or regional boundaries; it has a global impact. Greenhouse gas emissions, primarily from the burning of fossil fuels, contribute to global warming and climate change. The rise in global temperatures leads to melting ice caps, rising sea levels, and extreme weather events, posing threats to unsafe ecosystems and communities.

The pollution of oceans with plastic waste has become a global crisis, with millions of tons of plastic entering the oceans annually. This not only harms marine life but also affects human health, as microplastics enter the food chain through seafood consumption.

Loss of biodiversity is another consequence of pollution, as ecosystems are disrupted and species face habitat destruction and pollution-induced stress. The decline of pollinators, such as bees, due to exposure to pesticides, has implications for agriculture and food security.

Addressing Pollution

Addressing pollution requires a comprehensive and collaborative approach at individual, community, and governmental levels. Individuals can contribute by adopting sustainable practices in their daily lives, such as reducing energy consumption, using eco-friendly products, and practicing responsible waste disposal.

Communities can organize clean-up initiatives, promote recycling programs, and raise awareness about the importance of environmental conservation. Educational institutions play a crucial role in fostering environmental awareness and sustainability practices among students.

Governments must enact and enforce stringent environmental regulations to curb pollution. Incentives for industries to adopt cleaner technologies, invest in renewable energy sources, and implement sustainable waste management practices are essential. International cooperation is crucial to address global environmental challenges, with countries working together to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, combat plastic pollution, and protect biodiversity.

Essay on Pollution in 800 Words

Pollution, the presence of unwanted substances known as pollutants in the environment, poses an immediate and severe threat to the delicate balance of our ecosystems. The recognition of the urgent need to address pollution is essential if we are to preserve the Earth and its biodiversity. This essay explores the various facets of pollution, its types, and the impact it has on major Indian cities such as Delhi, Noida, Ghaziabad, Lucknow, and Varanasi.

What is Pollution?

Pollution occurs when external compounds, primarily generated by human activities, enter the environment as unwanted entities known as pollutants. These pollutants cause significant harm to the environment, affecting water bodies, air, flora, and fauna. The consequences of pollution extend globally, contributing to phenomena like the greenhouse gas effect, global warming, and acid rain.

Effects of Pollution on Major Indian Cities

Imagine bustling cities in India, like Delhi or Varanasi, filled with life and energy. However, there’s a problem casting a shadow over this vibrancy – pollution. In this exploration, we’re going to look at how pollution affects the air, water, and soil in cities such as Delhi, Noida, Ghaziabad, Lucknow, and Varanasi. The goal is to understand the challenges these cities face and why it’s so important for everyone to work together to tackle pollution and ensure a healthier future.

Pollution Level in Delhi

Delhi, the National Capital Territory, faces a dire situation in terms of air quality index (AQI). According to the World Health Organization, Delhi ranks lowest among 1650 major cities worldwide. The air quality, especially during the winter months from October to December, rapidly deteriorates, reaching hazardous levels.

The AQI for Delhi remains moderate (101-200) from January to September but spikes during winter, often surpassing 500. Particulate Matter (PM2.5 and PM10) levels soar well beyond safe limits, primarily due to factors such as vehicular emissions, industrial activities, and the traditional practice of burning paddy crop roots in neighboring states.

Pollution Level in Noida

Noida, bordering Delhi in western Uttar Pradesh, faces similar challenges with poor air quality. Intensive construction activities, heavy vehicular pollution, and cold winter air contribute to the formation of a thick smog, impacting the Air Quality Index. The PM levels in Noida compete with Delhi, often reaching hazardous levels during the winter months.

Pollution Level in Ghaziabad

Ghaziabad frequently tops the list of North Indian cities with the worst AQI and pollution levels. Industrial pollution and waste burning are major contributors to Ghaziabad’s poor air quality. Located on the outskirts of the city, industries emit dense smoke, exacerbating pollution. The PM10 levels in Ghaziabad often surpass permissible limits, reaching alarming levels, especially during festivals like Diwali.

Pollution Level in Lucknow

Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, experiences fluctuating AQI levels, ranging from moderate to poor. While not as severe as Delhi NCR, the air quality in Lucknow is still alarming, demanding concrete action. The quantity of suspended Particulate Matter has increased significantly in residential areas, posing health risks. The city’s air contains fine PM2.5 particles, reaching hazardous concentrations.

Pollution Level in Varanasi

Varanasi, the ancient pilgrimage city and the parliamentary constituency of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, faces environmental challenges due to ongoing construction activities. Varanasi’s AQI is ranked third on the World Health Organization’s list of the fifteen most polluted cities globally. The ongoing construction work contributes to a decline in air quality, with AQI reaching up to 300, falling in the “Poor” category. Particulate Matter, especially PM2.5, poses health risks to the city’s residents.

The impacts of pollution are profound, impacting ecosystems, biodiversity, and the well-being of humans. Prolonged exposure to air pollutants is associated with cardiovascular diseases, while contaminated water sources contribute to the spread of waterborne diseases. Soil pollution poses risks to food safety, and noise pollution leads to stress and hearing loss. Additionally, light pollution disrupts wildlife behavior.

Importantly, pollution transcends local boundaries; its consequences are felt globally. Greenhouse gas emissions contribute significantly to global warming, causing adverse effects on climate patterns. The accumulation of plastic waste in oceans not only harms marine life but also infiltrates the food chain, posing threats to human health. Furthermore, pollution-induced stress and habitat destruction contribute to the loss of biodiversity, impacting ecosystems on a global scale.

Stringent environmental regulations need to be implemented and enforced by governments to combat pollution effectively. Offering incentives to industries for adopting cleaner technologies, investing in renewable energy sources, and practicing sustainable waste management is vital. International cooperation is essential to tackle global environmental challenges, with countries collaborating to decrease greenhouse gas emissions, combat plastic pollution, and safeguard biodiversity.

Pollution remains a pressing issue affecting major Indian cities, with severe implications for the environment and public health. The need for immediate and concerted efforts to address pollution is evident, as evidenced by the deteriorating air quality in cities like Delhi, Noida, Ghaziabad, Lucknow, and Varanasi. It is imperative that governments, industries, and individuals collaborate to adopt sustainable practices, enforce regulations, and invest in technologies that mitigate the environmental impact. Only through collective action can we hope to mitigate the menace of pollution and ensure a healthier and sustainable future for our planet.

Pollution is a critical environmental issue that demands urgent attention and concerted efforts at local, national, and global levels. The consequences of pollution are profound, affecting ecosystems, biodiversity, and human health. It is imperative that individuals, communities, industries, and governments work together to adopt sustainable practices, enforce regulations, and invest in technologies that minimize the environmental impact.

The battle against pollution requires a shift in mindset, where environmental sustainability becomes a priority in decision-making processes. By addressing pollution, we not only protect the health of our planet but also ensure a better quality of life for current and future generations. It is a collective responsibility to preserve the beauty and diversity of our natural environment and create a sustainable and harmonious coexistence between human activities and the ecosystems that support life on Earth.

Essay on Pollution FAQs

Pollution is the introduction of contaminants into the natural environment, leading to adverse changes. It can take various forms, including air, water, soil, noise, and light pollution.

Primary sources of pollution include industrial activities, vehicle emissions, improper waste disposal, deforestation, and agricultural practices that involve the use of pesticides and fertilizers.

Pollution has severe consequences on ecosystems, biodiversity, and human health. It can lead to respiratory diseases, waterborne illnesses, soil degradation, habitat loss, and disruptions in wildlife behavior.

Air pollution can cause respiratory diseases such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Long-term exposure to air pollutants is linked to cardiovascular diseases and adverse pregnancy outcomes.

Water pollution occurs when chemicals and waste are discharged into water bodies. It poses a threat to aquatic life by contaminating their habitats and disrupting ecosystems. It can also affect human health through the consumption of contaminated water.

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Pollution Essay in English- Essay on Environmental Pollution_0.1

Pollution Essay in English- Essay on Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution Essay: Pollution comes in many forms, including air pollution, water pollution, noise pollution, and so on. Check here Pollution Essay in English.

pollution essay

Table of Contents

Pollution Essay

In today’s society, pollution has emerged as a major yet widely prevalent problem. It has existed for a very long time, even before the advent of humans, in many forms including volcanic eruptions and wildfires that cause a variety of photochemical reactions in the atmosphere. The present worry is that it is becoming worse every day as a result of numerous sources of pollution. Humans and machine-made objects are also a major source of pollution. It is true that pollution causes serious harm to the environment, and as humans, it is our responsibility to do all we can to stop it.

Pollution Essay in English- Essay on Environmental Pollution_3.1

Pollution Essay in English

Almost every class has essay writing in its curriculum, and the pollution essay is a hot topic among other essay topics. All students need to know about pollution and how it adversely affects the environment and life on earth. Students should be aware of treatments for pollution so that they can take action to reduce it. Today’s youngest environmental activist is Greta Thunberg from Stockholm, Sweden. She proved that she can save Mother Earth even when she is young. There is no age limit to take on this great responsibility. Students should be aware of environmental pollution and its reduction techniques. In this article, we have discussed contamination essays. Students should read the entire page and read every word on that page to fully understand all the topics covered in the Tainted Essay.

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Read: Global Warming Essay

Essay on Pollution 

What is pollution.

The intrusion of pollutants into the global environment is called pollution. The contaminant is the designation of these contaminants. Pollutants can come from both humans and nature, such as garbage and volcanic ash. Pollution comes in many forms, including air pollution, water pollution, and noise pollution. Pollution is increasing day by day as pollution levels rise and people suffer serious illnesses. Therefore, everyone should be aware of pollution and its effects and how to successfully reduce it. Just like a balanced diet for a healthy body, our environment requires a balanced mixture of all substances. Any substance above that threshold pollutes the environment. B. Increased atmospheric carbon dioxide and nitrogen oxides. It pollutes the air and harms human health.

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Read: My Family Essay

Types of Pollution: Air, Water, Noise, and Soil 

Different types of pollution have different effects on different parts of the environment. The pollution types include Air pollution, Water pollution, Noise pollution, and Soil pollution. Let us discuss these types of pollution in detail.

Air Pollution

Air pollution happens when dangerous or excessive amounts of pollutants, such as smoke and hazardous gases from industry, CFCs and oxides produced by cars, the burning of solid wastes, etc., are released into the environment. A nice and realistic example of air pollution is the pollution caused by firecrackers following Diwali. Another example of air pollution is the smoke produced by moving cars.

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Noise Pollution

The lighting of fireworks, running of industries, and the playing of music over loudspeakers—especially during festival season—all contribute to noise pollution. If it isn’t controlled, it may also have an impact on how the brain functions. Due to the high volume of vehicles on the road, noise pollution is also increasing. This is concerning for people who live in cities or close to highways because it leads to stress-related problems like anxiety.

Water Pollution

Water pollution is a significant problem for humans right now. Pollutants are dumped directly into bodies of water like canals, rivers, and seas, including sewage waste, pesticides, home, and agricultural trash, industrial or factory waste, and other wastes. As a result, the habitat of marine life has been destroyed, and the amount of dissolved oxygen in water bodies has started to decrease. The availability of drinkable water is significantly impacted by water contamination. People are compelled to consume tainted water, which might result in serious illnesses.

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Soil Pollution

A sizable fraction of the Indian population works in agriculture. As part of farming, farmers use a range of fertilizers, herbicides, fungicides, and other chemical substances. This further contaminates the soil, making it unsuitable for growing crops. In addition, soil pollution happens when authorities dump household or commercial trash on the ground. As a result, mosquito reproduction is encouraged, which promotes the spread of diseases like dengue and malaria.

Pollution Essay: Effects of Different types of Pollution 

Effects of soil pollution .

Soil is the foundation of the earth on which we walk, travel, grow vegetables and grains, and nourish us. Chemical farming degrades soil quality, and many hazardous substances come into contact with our bodies and cause various skin diseases, which are unavoidable in the form of food crops grown on such contaminated soil. Mm. Below are some of the most common illnesses caused by soil contamination. leukemia liver and kidney failure loss of fertility

Effects of Noise Pollution 

Construction, loudspeakers, and other man-made noises, as well as natural disturbances like thunderstorms and animal noises, all contribute to noise pollution. Some of the most prevalent ailments brought on by noise pollution include the following:

Headaches The issue with reasoning and changing behavior elevated blood pressure hearing loss

Effects of Water Pollution 

Sewage waste, pesticides, household and agricultural waste, industrial or factory trash, and other pollutants that are dumped directly into water bodies including canals, rivers, and seas are the main causes of water pollution. Some of the most prevalent illnesses brought on by water contamination include the following:

Typhoid, polio, hepatitis A, dysentery, diarrhea, and cholera

Pollution Essay: Pollution’s Effects on living beings

All types of pollution, whether air, water, soil, or noise has an adverse effect on living beings. Organisms are plagued with deadly diseases caused by pollution of water, air, noise, or soil.

• Several fatal diseases are caused by air pollution such as Ischemic heart disease, stroke, lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and acute lower respiratory infections in children among the most prevalent illnesses brought on by air pollution. Several illnesses like strokes, asthma, bronchitis, heart attacks, lung diseases, cancer, and early mortality from heart conditions are brought on by air pollution in India. Global warming is the most burning problem in the whole world that is caused by air pollution.

• Poor drinking water quality contributes to the development of more than 50 different diseases, and it is the cause of 80% of illnesses and 50% of child deaths worldwide. Water contamination, however, results in diarrhea, skin conditions, malnutrition, even cancer, and other problems connected to water pollution.

• Every day, millions of  People are impacted by noise pollution. Most commonly, this leads to noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Stress, high blood pressure, heart disease, and sleep disturbances can all be triggered by loud noises. All age groups, especially children, are susceptible to these health problems.  Noise pollution is very dangerous even deadlier for patients with heart problems.

Not only human beings, pollution badly impacts animals, birds as well as marine environments. Through organ damage, increased susceptibility to stress and disease decreased reproductive success, and even death, air pollution can poison wildlife. Many marine creatures become extinct as a result of water pollution.

Pollution Essay- Methods to Reduce Pollution 

As responsible citizens, we must take some measures to reduce the pollution in the environment for the future. Here, we’ve included a few strategies for lowering pollution.

  • More trees should be planted.
  • Food should be consumed in biodegradable containers.
  • Avoid disposing of industrial trash in waterways such as rivers, seas, and oceans.
  • Regulation of air through chimneys
  • Use of electric vehicles or cycles
  • Reduce the use of detergents
  • Filter the wastewater before discharging it from the industry.
  • Use of modern Chimneys so that harmful particles are not come out into the environment with smoke.
  • Reduce the use of single-use plastic.
  • Utilization of renewable energy instead of fossil fuel energy.
  • Follow the guidelines the government has set forth for reducing environmental pollution.
  • Increase public knowledge of environmental pollution, its effects, and the steps being taken to combat it.

Essay on Pollution- Format

Before we write an essay on environmental pollution, we must keep in mind some key points. The key points of the essay format are the introduction, content, and conclusion.

Introduction-  The essay introduction should outline a specific whole topic. It gives a general idea of the topic to the reader. A pollution essay can start with a simple definition or a thought-provoking sentence. This is the first thing your readers will see, so add real-world examples and impactful questions to keep them interested.

Main Content – This is the heart of the essay. This segment must consist of a description of different types of pollution ( Air, Noise, water, soil pollution), how pollution affects the atmosphere and the environment, human beings along with all living organisms. End of the segment, it must mention the protective measures to fight against Pollution.

​​ Conclusion – This part concludes the essay. , about 50 words. Try to give a positive outlook on the topic you are discussing or conclude with a brief summary.

Below we provide some pollution essays for a better understanding of the format of the pollution essay.

Pollution Paragraph

One of the biggest issues the entire planet is currently dealing with. Impairing the purity of anything is called contamination. And pollution of the air, water, and land around us is called pollution. Pollution affects our health and harms us in many ways.

Air Pollution-Air pollution is caused by smoke from vehicles, chimneys in mills and factories, and cooking furnaces. The stench of rotting garbage on the streets, the stench of dead animals. Dirty surface runoff pollutes the air. Excessive use of carbon dioxide emissions is causing global warming, causing glaciers to melt and sea levels to rise. Breathing impure air can cause great harm to your lungs. Air pollution causes acid rain, which affects historic landmarks such as the Taj Mahal and many buildings. The only hope to escape the curse is to plant more trees to prevent air pollution.

Water Pollution-Water is polluted when dirty and toxic waste from factories and factories is dumped into rivers. The polluted sewage discharged from the factory mixes directly with the river water. Drinking this water is bad for your health and causes various diseases such as diarrhea and typhoid fever. Dirty water is the breeding ground for mosquitoes that cause many deadly diseases such as malaria and dengue fever.

Noise Pollution – The horns of trucks, buses, microphones, and loudspeakers cause noise pollution. Noise pollution affects hearing and adversely affects the heart. Noise pollution is a heart patient’s nightmare. Soil Contamination-Excessive use of single-use plastics, unrestricted use of pesticides in agriculture, and unrestricted deforestation cause changes in soil composition and soil contamination. Therefore, if we want to live a healthy life, we must pay close attention to pollution. We must regulate the use of plastics, fossil fuels, deforestation and the use of high-frequency horns and speakers. As responsible citizens, we must take action to minimize pollution for a better life and future.

Essay on Environmental Pollution


Environmental pollution is a global crisis that threatens the well-being of the planet and all its inhabitants. It refers to the introduction of harmful contaminants into the natural environment, leading to adverse effects on ecosystems, human health, and the overall quality of life. This essay explores the various forms of environmental pollution, their causes, consequences, and potential solutions.

Types of Environmental Pollution

  • Air Pollution: Air pollution involves the release of harmful substances into the Earth’s atmosphere. Common pollutants include particulate matter (PM), sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Sources of air pollution include industrial processes, transportation, and the burning of fossil fuels.
  • Water Pollution: Water pollution occurs when pollutants contaminate bodies of water such as rivers, lakes, oceans, and groundwater. Pollutants include sewage, industrial effluents, pesticides, and plastic waste. This pollution threatens aquatic ecosystems and the availability of clean drinking water.
  • Soil Pollution: Soil pollution arises from the deposition of hazardous substances like heavy metals, chemicals, and pesticides into the soil. It degrades soil fertility, harms crops, and can lead to toxic substances entering the food chain.
  • Noise Pollution: Noise pollution is the excessive, disturbing noise in the environment, typically caused by urbanization, industrial activities, transportation, and recreational activities. Prolonged exposure to noise pollution can result in various health issues.
  • Light Pollution: Light pollution is the excessive or misdirected artificial light produced by streetlights, buildings, and other sources. It disrupts natural light cycles, negatively impacting nocturnal animals and human circadian rhythms.

Causes of Environmental Pollution

  • Industrialization: Rapid industrial growth has led to increased emissions of pollutants into the air and water. Factories, power plants, and manufacturing processes release various chemicals and emissions that contribute to pollution.
  • Transportation: The combustion of fossil fuels in automobiles, ships, and airplanes is a major source of air pollution. Emissions from vehicles release harmful substances like carbon dioxide (CO2), NOx, and CO into the atmosphere.
  • Agricultural Practices: Intensive farming practices involve the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and other chemicals that can lead to soil and water pollution. Runoff from farms can carry these pollutants into nearby water bodies.
  • Improper Waste Disposal: Inadequate waste management, including improper disposal of hazardous waste and plastic litter, contributes to pollution in landfills, oceans, and waterways.

Consequences of Environmental Pollution

  • Health Impacts: Air and water pollution can lead to respiratory diseases, cardiovascular problems, and various other health issues in humans. Chemical contamination of food due to soil pollution poses additional health risks.
  • Biodiversity Loss: Pollution disrupts ecosystems, causing harm to plant and animal species. Many species are at risk of extinction due to habitat destruction and pollution-related stress.
  • Climate Change: Greenhouse gas emissions, a form of air pollution, are a major driver of global climate change, leading to rising temperatures, extreme weather events, and sea-level rise.
  • Economic Costs: Pollution-related health care costs, reduced agricultural yields, and damage to infrastructure result in significant economic burdens for societies.
  • Aesthetic and Recreational Impact: Pollution diminishes the aesthetic appeal of natural environments and impairs recreational opportunities, affecting the quality of life for individuals and communities.

Solutions to Environmental Pollution

  • Sustainable Practices: Transitioning to sustainable agriculture, renewable energy sources, and eco-friendly industrial processes can reduce pollution.
  • Regulation and Enforcement: Governments must enact and enforce strict environmental regulations to limit emissions and pollutants from industries, transportation, and agriculture.
  • Waste Reduction and Recycling: Promoting waste reduction, recycling, and proper disposal of hazardous materials can mitigate pollution.
  • Public Awareness: Education and awareness campaigns can encourage individuals to adopt eco-friendly practices and make environmentally conscious choices.
  • Technological Innovation: Developing and implementing clean technologies, such as electric vehicles and carbon capture, can significantly reduce pollution.

Environmental pollution is a grave concern that demands immediate attention and collective action. Addressing pollution requires a multifaceted approach, including regulatory measures, sustainable practices, and public involvement. The future of our planet and the well-being of future generations depend on our ability to combat environmental pollution effectively.

Article on Pollution

Introduction: In today’s world, pollution has become one of the most significant global concerns, affecting every aspect of the Earth’s environment and human health. Its sources are numerous and its impact widespread, making it a complex issue that demands immediate and effective action.

  • Air Pollution: Caused by the release of harmful substances like industrial emissions, vehicle exhaust, and chemical vapors, air pollution leads to respiratory diseases and contributes to global warming.
  • Water Pollution: Industrial waste, sewage, and agricultural runoff contaminate water bodies, affecting marine life and making water unsafe for human consumption.
  • Soil Pollution: The use of pesticides and industrial activity contaminates the soil, affecting plant life and entering the food chain.
  • Noise Pollution: Excessive noise from traffic, industries, and urban development disrupts wildlife habitats and affects human health.
  • Health issues like asthma, heart disease, and even cancer can be traced back to pollution.
  • Ecosystems are disrupted, leading to the loss of biodiversity.
  • Economic impact includes healthcare costs and loss of productivity due to health issues.
  • Regulatory Measures: Implementation of stricter environmental regulations and policies by governments.
  • Technological Advancements: Development and adoption of clean and green technologies.
  • Public Awareness: Educating the public about the effects of pollution and ways to reduce it.
  • Individual Actions: Encouraging practices like recycling, using public transportation, and reducing energy consumption.

Conclusion: The battle against pollution is not just the responsibility of governments or organizations but of every individual. It requires a collective effort where each action, no matter how small, contributes to a larger positive impact. A sustainable future is possible if we act now to mitigate the effects of pollution on our planet.

Call to Action: It is crucial for everyone to become environmentally conscious and take steps to reduce pollution in their daily lives. By working together and making informed choices, we can create a cleaner, healthier world for future generations.

Environment Pollution Essay in Hindi (1000 words)

प्रदूषण निबंध

लगभग हर वर्ग के पाठ्यक्रम में निबंध लेखन होता है और प्रदूषण निबंध अन्य निबंध विषयों के बीच एक गर्म विषय है। प्रदूषण के बारे में हर छात्र को पता होना चाहिए कि प्रदूषण कैसे पृथ्वी के पर्यावरण और पृथ्वी पर जीवन पर प्रतिकूल प्रभाव डाल रहा है। छात्रों को प्रदूषण के इलाज के बारे में पता होना चाहिए ताकि वे प्रदूषण को कम करने के लिए कदम उठा सकें। आज के दौर में ग्रेटा थनबर्ग सबसे कम उम्र की पर्यावरण कार्यकर्ता हैं, वह स्टॉकहोम, स्वीडन की रहने वाली हैं। उसने साबित कर दिया है कि आप कम उम्र में भी धरती मां को बचा सकते हैं, इस महान जिम्मेदारी को लेने की कोई उम्र सीमा नहीं है। छात्रों को प्रदूषण और इसकी कमी तकनीकों के बारे में पता होना चाहिए। इस लेख में, हमने प्रदूषण निबंध को कवर किया है। प्रदूषण निबंध में शामिल सभी विषयों की पूरी समझ प्राप्त करने के लिए छात्रों को पूरे पृष्ठ को पढ़ना चाहिए और इस पृष्ठ के प्रत्येक शब्द को पढ़ना चाहिए।

पृथ्वी के पर्यावरण में हानिकारक पदार्थों के प्रवेश को प्रदूषण कहा जाता है। प्रदूषक इन हानिकारक पदार्थों के लिए शब्द हैं। प्रदूषक मानव और प्राकृतिक दोनों स्रोतों से उत्पन्न हो सकते हैं, जैसे कचरा और ज्वालामुखी राख। प्रदूषण कई रूपों में आता है, जिसमें वायु प्रदूषण, जल प्रदूषण, ध्वनि प्रदूषण आदि शामिल हैं। प्रदूषण का स्तर दिन-ब-दिन बढ़ता जा रहा है, जिससे लोग गंभीर बीमारियों का शिकार हो रहे हैं। नतीजतन, सभी को प्रदूषण, इसके प्रभावों और इसे सफलतापूर्वक कम करने के तरीके के बारे में बताया जाना चाहिए। हमारे पर्यावरण को स्वस्थ शरीर के लिए संतुलित भोजन की तरह सभी पदार्थों के संतुलित मिश्रण की आवश्यकता होती है। कोई भी पदार्थ जो अपने दहलीज स्तर से ऊपर बढ़ जाता है, पर्यावरण को प्रदूषित करता है, जैसे कि वातावरण में कार्बन डाइऑक्साइड और नाइट्रोजन ऑक्साइड में वृद्धि, जो हवा को प्रदूषित करती है और मानव स्वास्थ्य को नुकसान पहुंचाती है।

प्रदूषण के प्रकार: वायु, जल, शोर और मिट्टी

विभिन्न प्रकार के प्रदूषणों का पर्यावरण के विभिन्न भागों पर अलग-अलग प्रभाव पड़ता है। प्रदूषण के प्रकारों में वायु प्रदूषण, जल प्रदूषण, ध्वनि प्रदूषण और मृदा प्रदूषण शामिल हैं। आइए हम इस प्रकार के प्रदूषण के बारे में विस्तार से चर्चा करें।

वायु प्रदूषण: जब जहरीले या अत्यधिक मात्रा में प्रदूषक जैसे उद्योग से निकलने वाला धुआं और हानिकारक गैसें, क्लोरोफ्लोरोकार्बन, और ऑटोमोबाइल द्वारा बनाए गए ऑक्साइड, ठोस कचरे के जलने आदि को पर्यावरण में पेश किया जाता है, तो वायु प्रदूषण होता है। दिवाली के बाद पटाखों से होने वाला प्रदूषण वायु प्रदूषण का एक अच्छा और संबंधित उदाहरण है, वायु प्रदूषण का एक और उदाहरण वाहनों से निकलने वाला धुआं है।

ध्वनि प्रदूषण: ध्वनि प्रदूषण पटाखों के फोड़ने, कारखानों के संचालन और लाउडस्पीकरों पर प्रसारित होने वाले संगीत के कारण भी होता है, खासकर त्योहारों के मौसम में। यह मस्तिष्क के काम करने के तरीके को भी प्रभावित कर सकता है अगर इसे प्रबंधित नहीं किया जाता है। सड़कों पर वाहनों की भारी संख्या से ध्वनि प्रदूषण भी बढ़ जाता है। यह उन लोगों के लिए चिंता का विषय है जो शहरों में या राजमार्गों के पास रहते हैं इसके कारण लोगों को तनाव से संबंधित समस्याएं होती हैं जैसे कि इसके परिणामस्वरूप चिंता।

जल प्रदूषण: जल प्रदूषण के रूप में मनुष्य इस समय एक बड़ी चुनौती का सामना कर रहा है। सीवेज अपशिष्ट, कीटनाशक, घरेलू और कृषि अपशिष्ट, औद्योगिक या कारखाने के कचरे, और अन्य कचरे को सीधे नहरों, नदियों और समुद्रों जैसे जल निकायों में फेंक दिया जाता है। नतीजतन, समुद्री जीवन आवास खो गया है, और जल निकायों में घुलित ऑक्सीजन के स्तर में गिरावट शुरू हो गई है। पेयजल की उपलब्धता पर जल प्रदूषण का महत्वपूर्ण प्रभाव पड़ता है। लोग दूषित पानी पीने को मजबूर हैं, जिससे गंभीर बीमारियां होती हैं।

मृदा प्रदूषण: कृषि भारतीय आबादी के एक बड़े हिस्से को रोजगार देती है। किसान खेती के हिस्से के रूप में विभिन्न प्रकार के उर्वरकों, जड़ी-बूटियों, कवकनाशी और अन्य रासायनिक यौगिकों का उपयोग करते हैं। यह आगे मिट्टी को प्रदूषित करता है, जिससे यह फसल उत्पादन के लिए अनुपयुक्त हो जाता है। इसके अलावा, यदि अधिकारी औद्योगिक या आवासीय कचरे को जमीन पर फेंकते हैं, तो मिट्टी प्रदूषण होता है। यह बदले में, मच्छरों के प्रजनन को प्रोत्साहित करता है, जिससे डेंगू, मलेरिया जैसी बीमारियां फैलती हैं।

जीवों पर प्रदूषण का प्रभाव

सभी प्रकार के प्रदूषण चाहे वायु हो, जल हो, मिट्टी हो या ध्वनि हो, जीवों पर प्रतिकूल प्रभाव पड़ता है। जल, वायु, ध्वनि या मिट्टी में प्रदूषण के कारण होने वाली घातक बीमारियों से जीवित प्राणी प्रभावित हो रहे हैं। यहां हमने विभिन्न प्रदूषणों से होने वाली बीमारियों की सूची दी है।

मृदा प्रदूषण के प्रभाव

मिट्टी पृथ्वी की नींव है जिस पर हम चलते हैं या यात्रा करते हैं और जिस पर हम अपना पेट भरने के लिए सब्जियां और अनाज उगाते हैं। रासायनिक खेती के कारण मिट्टी की गुणवत्ता बिगड़ रही है, यह अपरिहार्य है कि कई खतरनाक पदार्थ हमारे शरीर के संपर्क में आते हैं और विभिन्न प्रकार के त्वचा विकारों का कारण बनते हैं, या ऐसी प्रदूषित मिट्टी पर उगाई जाने वाली खाद्य फसलों के रूप में।

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Q. What is Pollution?

The introduction of harmful substances into the earth’s environment is referred to as pollution.

Q. Causes of water pollution?

Sewage waste, Pesticides, household, and agricultural waste, industrial or factory waste, and other wastes are thrown directly into water bodies such as canals, rivers, and seas is the main reason for water pollution.

Q. Causes of Air pollution?

Smoke and harmful gases from industry, chlorofluorocarbon, and oxides created by automobiles, the burning of solid wastes are the main causes of air pollution.

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Pollution Essay

Essay on Pollution | Pollution Essay for Students and Children in English

Essay on Pollution: Environment is the surrounding of an organism. This environment in which an organism lives is made up of various elements like air, water, land etc. These elements are found in fixed proportions to create a harmonious balance in the environment for the organism to live in. Any kind of undesirable and unwanted change in the proportions of these elements can be termed as pollution.

You can read more  Essay Writing  about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.

Long and Short Essays on Pollution for Kids and Students in English

Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the topic of ‘Pollution’ in both long and short form. The first essay is a long essay on Pollution of 400-500 words. This long essay about Pollution is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on Pollution of 150-200 words. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.

Long Essay on Pollution 500 Words in English

Below we have given a long essay on Pollution of 500 words is helpful for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants. This long essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 7 to class 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants.

With the rise of the industries and the migration of people from villages to towns in search of employment, there has been a regular increase in the problem of proper housing, and unhygienic conditions of living has led to rise in factors which increase pollution.

The mad rat race among countries of the world to compete against each other in the index of development has harmed the health of the people itself. Progress in agriculture and industry is taken as an indicator of development. This resulted in the exploitation of natural resources in a reckless manner. Thus, pollution has been an inevitable gift of industrialisation and urbanisation.

The growth of industries has given rise to the problem of proper disposal of waste material of the industries. Many a times, the waste products of these industries contain poisonous elements which if disposed without being properly treated, pollute the rivers and other water bodies. Thus, we face the problem of water pollution.

The poisonous water and waste product of the factories mingles with the water bodies and poisons them. Resultantly, the aquatic life gets affected. Fish die, disturbing the ecological balance. The water too is rendered useless which can neither be used for drinking or washing. This also results in the reduction of the area of water bodies. Such a situation arises when non-degradable products are dumped on fallow land or on the banks of rivers and sea shores.

Waste materials such as plastics, polythene, bottles etc cause land pollution and render soil infertile. Moreover, dumping of dead bodies of men and animals, washing of clothes and utensils too add to the problem. In recent surveys, Sabarmati river in Gujarat, Yamuna and Ganga rivers have been found to be excessively polluted. Yamuna has been described as an ‘Open Drain’.

Another major problem of pollution is the air that we breathe in being polluted by the smoke pouring out of chimneys and automobiles. No doubt, air pollution takes place even by volcanoes, cyclones, forest fires etc. But human activities are more responsible for causing air pollution. Gases like CO 2 , CO, SO 2 , are emitted which mix with air and cause great harm to the human body, flora and fauna.

The use of dry farm waste, dry grass, leaves and coal used as domestic fuels in our villages also produce harmful gases. Acid rain occurs due to excess of SO 2 in the air. The most tragic incident of air pollution is the Bhopal Gas Tragedy when the dangerous Methyl Isocyanide was emitted from Union Carbide Fertiliser Factory in 1984 which killed thousands of men, women and children, and rendered thousands of others handicapped.

Fire crackers, nuclear explosions, air conditioners, refrigerators, organic solvents, pesticides etc also contribute significantly in polluting air. Air pollution not only causes various kinds of allergies, respiratory problems and other health problems but also affects the vegetation, animal life and the environment. The soot which contains high concentration of hydrocarbons proves very harmful for monuments like the Taj Mahal.

Another very subtle form of pollution is noise pollution. Technology has given us comfort along with a cacophony of harsh and unharmonious sounds. This problem is extremely severe in big towns and cities. The maddening horns, loud speakers, music systems etc cause metabolic, hearing and other kinds of disorders. Noise pollution may also lead to a nervous breakdown or madness. Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board (UPPCB) recently revealed that even silence zones, such as hospitals, schools and residential areas are suffering from high decibels of sound.

Thus, we see that there are various kinds of pollutions which need to be checked in time. Problems like ozone depletion, global warming, greenhouse effect, change in climatic and weather conditions, melting of glaciers etc have arisen due to pollution. Strict and serious measures should be taken to control it. Industrial waste should be properly treated in special treatment plants before letting it flow into the water bodies or dumping it. The pollution department of Farrukhabad issued directives to close all textile dyeing units, polluting the Ganga river.

Use of organic manures should be encouraged instead of chemical fertilisers to prevent soil pollution. Planting of trees should be encouraged and cutting down of green trees should be strictly checked. Unleaded petrol should be used in vehicles. The directions of the Supreme Court to manufacture cars as per Euro I and Euro II norms should be strictly enforced.

Essay on Pollution

Short Essay on Pollution 200 Words in English

Below we have given a short essay on Pollution is for Classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. This short essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 6 and below.

Industries should have proper emission systems and should conform to the laws in order to ensure safety of the people living in residential areas around. Strict laws should be legislated and enforced regarding the keeping of our sea shores and river banks clean. For example, Himachal Pradesh was the first state to ban plastic and polythene bags, to save the fragile ecology of Himalayas. But the law exists only on paper.

The horns of automobiles should be checked as per the limits prescribed by law. Loud speakers music system etc should be strictly prohibited after ten at night and vehicles should not be allowed to play their stereos at high volume.

The Government, after launching online green clearance systems for industrial and infrastructure projects, now will monitor treatment of industrial effluents and emissions, in a similar manner, by using online systems. The purpose is to bring transparency and facilitate real-time analysis of waste discharge.

The Government should also try to educate people about various kinds of pollution and create public awareness. People should be involved in helping to reduce and control pollution. Moreover, punishments should be strictly given in case of violation of any environmental law so that such people learn a lesson. Until we all get serious and resolve to make our planet a better place to live in, humanity stands amidst grave danger of perishing and being destroyed due to the severe and increasing problem of pollution. Franklin D Roosevelt, former American President, said the same about pollution:

“A nation that destroys its soils, destroys itself.”

Pollution Essay Word Meanings for Simple Understanding

  • Reckless – utterly unconcerned about the consequences of some action, without caution, careless
  • Inevitable – unavoidable
  • Fallow – plowed and left unseeded for a season or more, uncultivated
  • Solvent – a substance that dissolve another to form a solution
  • Hydrocarbon – any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH 4 , ethylene, C 2 H 4 , C 2 H 2 or an aromatic compound, benzene, C 6 H 6
  • Subtle – insidious in operation
  • Decibe – a unit used to express the intensity of a sound wave, equal to 20 times the common logarithm of the ratio of the pressure produced by the sound wave to a reference pressure, usually 0.0002 microbar
  • Fragile – delicate
  • Perish – to suffer spiritual death

Essay on Noise Pollution for Students and Children

500+ words essay on noise pollution.

Essay on Noise Pollution: Noise pollution is a form of pollution which has become very deadly nowadays. This pollution is increasing only and creates an unsafe environment . Noise pollution is when the level of noise increases more than the normal level. When the amount of noise exceeds, it becomes dangerous for living beings. Moreover, these unpleasant sounds cause several disturbances and create an imbalance in the environment.

Essay on Noise Pollution

In other words, high volume noises are abnormal. As the world is advancing at a rapid rate, so is noise pollution. Technology has made things easier for people by creating appliances and devices for almost everything. You want to mix or grind something? It can be done with a mixer and blender. You are feeling hot? Simply turn on the AC or cooler. Do you want entertainment at home? You can watch television or play music. However, people don’t realize this comfort comes with harmful effects too. All the mentioned appliances contribute to noise pollution. They disturb the natural rhythm of life and fall in the category of a pollutant .

What causes Noise Pollution?

As the world is turning to technology for their comfort, it is, at the same time, harming us. The industries no matter how big or small contribution to noise pollution . The equipment they use like compressors, exhaust fans, generators and more produce a lot of noise.

Similarly, the ever-increasing use of automobiles is a major cause of this pollution. Not only automobiles but other transport vehicles like airplanes, buses, bikes, trucks and more also are a part of it. People honk unnecessarily in the traffic and listen to loud music on the way which creates high levels of noise .

Furthermore, social events like marriages, parties, and religious functions in places like clubs, pubs, temples, halls and more create a lot of nuisance in the residential areas. In addition, the construction activities like mining, the building of flyovers, bridges and more also produce great noise.

Get the huge list of more than 500 Essay Topics and Ideas

The Damaging Impact of Noise Pollution

pollution essay for class 12 with quotations

Similarly, it reduces the ear sensitivity to the sounds that the human body requires to regulate our rhythm of the body. Moreover, it also affects our psychological health. It may not be evident instantly, but in the long run, it changes our behavior.

When your sleep gets disturbed or you constantly have headaches because of too much noise, you tend to experience fatigue and even migraines.

Not only humans but noise pollution also impacts wildlife too. For instance, pets become aggressive or afraid when they hear a loud noise. It is one of the main reasons why crackers are not encouraged when pets are around. In short, we must make people aware of the impact of noise pollution. Likewise, we must encourage them to adopt ways that do not contribute to noise pollution. If everyone starts doing the same on an individual level, we will surely be able to reduce noise pollution to a great extent.

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Pollution essay with quotations | pollution essay in english | pollution essay in eglish in 500 words.

essay on pollution in 250 words, pollution essay in english 200 words, pollution essay for kids, environmental pollution essay in english 150 words

Pollution Essay With Quotations | Pollution Essay In English | Pollution Essay In Eglish in 500 words

Pollution is the most horrible menace that the man of the modern era is facing. It is disastrous for all the living creatures. But people are not aware of its causes, dangerous effects, and remedies in big cities, for example, more than 60% of the entire garbage including plastic bags and tires is burnt openly. This produces extremely toxic gases that cause a number of mental and physical diseases.

Various factors are responsible for polluting the earth's atmosphere. Air is the most essential of all human needs and it is this too that is most polluted today. Different types of industries are releasing deadly gases. Untuned automobiles are omitting carbon monoxide. The smoke of cigarettes is also affecting human health. Air pollution is causing respiratory problems among the general public.

Water too is not available in pure form. There are several reasons for this Untreated industrial wastes discharge is polluting our water system Similarly, agricultural pesticides and insecticides are polluting our underground water Impure water lead to an increase in gastrointestinal diseases. Another factor is waste matter from daily consumption which we throw carelessly on streets and roads. This household garbage breeds mice. mosquitoes flies and many other disease-spreading pests.

Noise pollution is also threatening our mental health. The sound of horns silencers vehicles and loud music are contributing to noise pollution. Reports indicate that more than 70% urban population suffers from nervous tension, irritation, deafness, and heart diseases.

If we want to live in a healthy and peaceful atmosphere we will have to take some remedial measures to control pollution. Some of these measures are:

(1) The government should formulate. such laws as to prevent people from polluting the environment. (2) Print and electronic media should make people understand the causes, effects, and remedies of pollution. 

(3) Anti-pollution devices should be installed in all factories and industries. 

(4) No automobile should be allowed on the road without a proper engine check. 

(5) Open burning of garbage should be strictly prohibited. 

(6) The major remedial measure for fighting against all sorts of pollution is to grow forests on a larger scale.


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  • Noise Pollution Essay


Essay on Noise Pollution

Noise pollution is one of the types of pollution we face daily. Like air pollution, water pollution, soil pollution and other types, noise pollution has a major impact on our health. Atmospheric pollution is not the only pollution we go through, but noise pollution can bring destruction to our lives. According to the World Health Organization, noise pollution is a dangerous health issue. The European Environment (EEA) says noise pollution is responsible for 16,600 premature deaths in Europe alone.

A person continuously facing noise pollution can start meeting health issues and can be dangerous in the long term. Several unpleasant noise distractions can bring problems later in life.

Cities have become noisier with car honking, loudspeakers; traffic, etc. leading to noise pollution. Construction of roads, buildings, apartments and other areas are also resulting in increased noise pollution.

What is Noise Pollution?

According to the WHO, noise pollution is a noise above 65db, which can severely affect both humans and animals. A noise beyond 75 dB can be painful and will affect the person severely.

It is impossible to see the danger posed by noise pollution. On land and under the sea, you can't see it, but it still exists. Humans and other organisms can be affected adversely by noise pollution if it is an unwanted or disturbing sound.                     

A decibel is the measurement of sound. Rustling leaves (20-30 decibels) or thunderclaps (120 decibels) to the wail of sirens (120-140 decibels) are all sounds that occur naturally in the natural environment. If a person hears sounds whose decibel level reaches 85 decibels or higher, their ears can be damaged. The sounds of lawnmowers (90 decibels), trains (90 to 115 decibels), and rock concerts (110 to 120 decibels) are just a few familiar sources that exceed this threshold.

The presence of noise pollution has a daily impact on millions of people. Hearing loss caused by noise is the most common health problem caused by noise exposure. Furthermore, loud noise can also lead to health problems such as hypertension, heart disease, sleep disturbances, and stress. All age groups are susceptible to these health problems, especially children. It has been shown that children living near loud airports and busy streets suffer from stress and other problems, such as memory problems, attention difficulties, and difficulties with reading.

Animals are also adversely affected by noise pollution. Caterpillars' hearts beat faster when loud sounds are made, and bluebirds have fewer chicks when loud noises are made. There are many reasons animals utilize sound, including to navigate, locate food, attract mates, and avoid predators. The noise pollution they encounter affects their ability to accomplish these tasks, affecting their survival.

Noisy environments are not only harming animals on land, but it is also getting worse for animals in the ocean. A once tranquil marine environment has become loud and chaotic because of ships, drilling devices, sonar, and seismic surveys. The negative effects of noise pollution are felt particularly by whales and dolphins. For marine mammals, echolocation is essential for communication, navigation, feeding and mate-finding. Excessive noise can interfere with echolocation.

It is the naval sonar devices that produce the loudest underwater noise. The use of sonar works similarly to echolocation in that sound waves are sent down into the ocean and bounce off objects, returning echoes to the ship that can pinpoint the object's location. Whales' ability to use echolocation is interfered with when they hear sonar sounds, which can reach 235 decibels and travel hundreds of miles under the surface. Research has shown that sonar can make whales strand on beaches and alter the feeding behaviour of blue whales (Balaenoptera musculus), which are endangered. Groups representing the environment have called on the U.S. Department of Defense to discontinue or reduce sonar-based military training.

Furthermore, hydrographic surveys can cause loud explosions from inside the ocean. Deep in the water, oil and gas are found using air guns that send sound pulses onto the ocean floor. There is potential for marine animals to be harmed by the sound blasts and to suffer serious damage to their ears. Additionally, the whales may also change their behaviour as a result of this noise. 

In Spain, bioacoustics researcher Michel Andre is studying the effects of noise pollution with the help of hydrophones. He has gathered data from 22 different locations during his project, LIDO (Listening to the Deep Ocean Environment). Using computers, the lab identifies 26 different species of whales and dolphins, including sounds produced by humans. In the analysis, underwater noise will be investigated for its effect on these animals.

What causes Noise Pollution?

Although the world is turning into the use of technology, at the same time, this technology is also harmful. Industries using compressors, exhaust fans, and generators are producing a lot of noise.

Similarly, bikes and cars with old silencers produce heavy noise that can lead to pollution. Planes, heavy trucks and buses are also part of this noise pollution. Low flying aircraft, especially military ones, causes noise pollution. Similarly, submarines can cause ocean sound pollution.

How Noise Pollution affects a Person?

Noise pollution can primarily start affecting the hearing ability of the person, causing permanent hearing impairment. Furthermore, it can cause an increase in blood pressure, hypertension, and other stress-related health issues. In many cases, noise pollution can cause a disturbance in a person's state of mind, which further causes disturbance in sleep patterns, stress, aggressiveness, and other issues. The psychological health of the person can also get disturbed due to regular exposure to noise pollution.  Noise above 45 dB can disrupt the pattern of your sleep. According to the WHO, the noise level should not be more than 30db. Change in the sleep pattern can also bring change in your behaviour.

If you have pets in your home or around your area, then noise pollution can bring a negative impact on the environment. Firecrackers can bring fear in them if they are regularly exposed to them. This will also bring change in their behaviour.

Effect on Wildlife and Marine Life

Animals and marine life are vulnerable to noise pollution. It can affect their listening skills, which further affects their behaviour pattern. These animals find it hard to listen during migration, which can negatively affect their lives. When it comes to marine life, noise pollution can lead to internal damage like physical problems in them.

Measures for Noise Pollution

There are many measures taken by the government and people to reduce the effect of noise pollution. Soundproof walls and windows are now being installed in many houses. Many flyovers in cities have soundproof walls to bring down the noise level to a nearby resident from vehicles running. As responsible citizens, we must contribute towards bringing down noise pollution. Needless honking should be stopped and officials should fine people doing it heavily. Hospitals and schools are built-in silent zones.

There should be rules to avoid noise in residential and sensitive areas. People need to be aware of health hazards from noise pollution.

One of the best ways to bring down noise pollution is by planting more and more plants. This process of planting trees can help to reduce the travelling of noise from one place to another.

Noise pollution is the most common problem faced by humans, thanks to various reasons that push many people to face health issues. Following standard measures can be helpful in the long term for both humans and the environment. The ultimate aim is to bring down noise pollution for a better environment.

Noise Pollution: Impact on Human Health

There are several ways in which noise pollution can harm human health:

Having an elevated blood pressure for a long period directly results in hypertension, which is caused by noise pollution.

Hearing loss occurs whenever humans are repeatedly exposed to sounds that exceed what their eardrums can handle, resulting in permanent damage to their hearing.

To function properly at work, it is necessary to get enough sleep every night. Sleep disorders affect energy levels throughout the day. Pollution causes disturbance in sleep cycles, which in turn results in irritation and unrest.

Heart issues such as blood pressure level, stress and cardiovascular diseases can arise in a healthy individual, but a person suffering from heart disease may experience a sudden increase.

It will affect your mental health also very badly because continuously hearing the noise this much loud will pressure your eardrums and that will badly affect your brain also


FAQs on Noise Pollution Essay

1. What are the significant factors causing noise pollution?

Multiple factors can result in noise pollution. Some of these are massive honking during road traffic, construction, poor urban planning, loudspeaker and others. Furthermore, firecrackers, the noise of bands and others can also result in noise pollution.

To eliminate or decrease noise pollution, it is crucial to know their effect. This will help to create measures and work towards it.

2. How can noise pollution be controlled?

There are different ways of controlling noise pollution. Some of the measures are-

Control at Receiver's End - For those people who are working in noisy installations- they can work on ear-protection aids like earplugs, earmuffs, noise helmets, etc.

Reducing Noise from Vibrating Machine - Another way is by the noise produced from the vibrating machine by vibration damping, beneath the engine.

Planting of Trees - One of the best ways to reduce noise pollution is to plant more and more trees along roads, around hospitals and schools.

3. Who is at the risk of the health effects of noise pollution?

When it comes to the effect of noise pollution, the risk of health effects can be for any age of the person. Sound louder than 80 dB can be hazardous. Be it, kids or young adults, high decibel sound can affect ears. People who listen to headphones can face noise-induced hearing loss issues. Additionally, there is the current scenario where people are completely used to using headphones and gadgets that impact their hearing ability. Because of that, those people are more likely to experience health problems caused by noise pollution.

4. In what different ways can noise pollution cause health problems?

We can say that there are three types of pollutants:

noise from transportation


transportation, noise from the surroundings


surroundings, and industrial noise

Noise from transportation: Traffic noise is mainly responsible for this disturbing noise, which has increased greatly since the number of vehicles has increased. Increased noise pollution causes older people to lose their hearing, headaches, and hypertension, among other diseases.

Noise from the Neighbourhood: Electronics, household utensils, etc. cause a lot of noise. Musical instruments, transistors, speakers, and others are the most common sources.

Noise from Industrial Processes: An industrial machine produces an especially loud noise due to its high intensity. A large number of studies have shown that industrial noise pollution damages hearing by 20% to 30%.

5. How does noise cause environmental pollution? What are the reasons why noise pollution must be taken seriously?

Noise pollution is caused by extreme noises generated by sources such as industry, transport, loudspeakers, etc, which adversely affect human health by causing headaches, migraines, mental imbalance, nervous breakdowns, and heart diseases.

There are numerous health hazards associated with noise. The following are some of the physical, physiological, and psychological effects of prolonged exposure to noise:

A reduction in sleep is one of the effects of repeated exposure to noise.

Noise noise, which affects human productivity and efficiency.

Taking pictures of someone invades their privacy and disturbs their peace of mind.


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