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Is publishing as an undergraduate a thing that really happens? [duplicate]

Sometimes, there are questions on here about undergraduate students publishing research (see here , here , and here ). The answers don't seem particularly surprised that this is happening or try to dissuade the asker, they treat it like a normal question.

In my entire life, I've never heard of undergraduates publishing results apart from a handful of examples from famous science prodigies.

Furthermore, my experience of undergraduate was not conducive at all to publishing. I graduated from a mediocre UK university, and there was no original research done at all. Undergraduate is for getting you up to speed on the foundations of a field, preparing you for postgraduate where you study one sub-field, then a PhD where you push the boundaries of a sub-sub-field.

The questions linked above give advice like, "Discuss it with your supervisor". But as far as I'm aware undergraduates don't have supervisors.

Is this really as common as it would seem from questions on here? Is it a regional thing? Something that happens only at top universities?

  • publications
  • undergraduate
  • research-undergraduate

Omegastick's user avatar

  • 2 Its a fair question, though, and as the other posts note it publishing as an undergraduate is still not the 'norm', but happens enough to be notable without being unheard of. If it doesn't address what you were wanting to know please do feel free to ask another question that gets at what the existing Q&As don't address! –  BrianH Feb 1, 2019 at 2:05
  • 1 It's common to expected for science students at expensive ivies and near-ivies to work in a lab and get experience/publications. It's reasonably common at large public research universities. It's difficult in other situations. Either way it's very rare to actually drive the science bus as an undergraduate. Usually you're there to see how the bus works. Some grad student or postdoc is driving. –  user101106 Feb 1, 2019 at 2:13
  • 2 There's also a culture difference. Undergraduate research is much less common in the UK than in the US. –  Solveit Feb 1, 2019 at 6:10

5 Answers 5

Most undergraduates do not publish, but it's quite normal for undergraduates who get involved in research to end up publishing.

Reasons why few undergraduates publish include:

  • They aren't interested in research, or are more interested in all the myriad other awesome things you can spend your time on as a newly (semi)independent adult in college.
  • They are interested in research, but don't manage to find a good mentor (typically a professor) to work with. Nearly all undergraduate institutions have professors doing research, but some institutions or departments within an institution have a lot more going on than others.
  • They get connected to a research project, but their work isn't publishable. Undergraduates are typically unreliable (see first point), and so often are given high-risk or boring work (a friend of mine got a "research" job one summer crushing rocks into fine powder with a mortar and pestle).
  • They do publishable research, but it doesn't come out until they are no longer an undergraduate. Even the fastest project rarely takes less than six months from start to publication, and many take multiple years. If a student starts researching in their junior or senior year, even a great project may not result in publications during undergraduate.

That said, none of these are particularly insurmountable obstacles, and with the right combination of interest, a good environment, and a bit of luck, it's quite reasonable to have work published as an undergraduate.

Some undergraduates even become quite well-published, simply by virtue of having the right combination of skill, luck, and circumstances. For example, this week a colleague of mine mentioned to me that one of his undergraduate students now had approximately a dozen journal publications. Until they said it, I hadn't realized this student's numbers had accumulated quite so much, but it didn't surprise me, since this student is a good contributor to a complex many-person project that publishes frequently.

In short: undergraduate publication is statistically infrequent, but entirely normal.

jakebeal's user avatar

It varies from field to field. But some fields this isn't uncommon at all. STEM and social sciences fields are generally easier to publish than in humanities, in part due to it being less subjective about what is worth publishing. It is easier to publish in fields which don't require a lot of experimental equipment(unless one is a member of some very big collaboration- some of the big papers out of the LHC have undergrads on the author lists for example), and so math is one of the fields where it is most common. In various areas of math, some areas are easier for non-experts to understand than other. For example, graph theory and number theory have more low-hanging fruit that doesn't require technical background, while for example algebraic topology has more trouble.

At a pure level of anecdote, my first published paper was actually in high school; this is rare but not at all unheard of, and I wasn't particularly brilliant. I got lucky and found some low-hanging fruit that hadn't been noticed.

JoshuaZ's user avatar

I suspect what you're thinking of as "undergraduate" isn't what others are thinking of when they say they do research as undergraduates. For example, suppose a student goes directly into a 4-year undergraduate program topped off by a one-year long research project (known as an "Honours project" in some places). The results of this can certainly be publishable. Other possibilities could be, a summer research project, or a direct-to-Masters program like the MPhys. In all these cases, the undergraduate will indeed have a supervisor.

Of course undergraduates, being relatively inexperienced, are not likely to get revolutionary results, but they can still achieve publishable results, and that can lead to publications. It's possible, and I'd say quite common for the best undergraduates to have published something before graduate school.

Allure's user avatar

It's not that hard in some of the experimental sciences, especially if not first author. Assuming you have some relation to a lab group and have a grad student or postdoc running a project and you run a few of his samples. Not really that hard to get included. Yeah...even then it is time away from your real classes or the brewpub. But far from impossible.

Edit: saw your comment on the school. Yeah, if it is not a research university, that will of course make it hard to do what I just said. But if you are at Cal or Georgia Tech or the like, not a problem. Especially if you use some savvy to figure out which group to work with, what sorts of things to get involved with. Not cutting edge super math, not building apparatus, not waiting for a Space Shuttle to run your sample. But a group that publishes a lot.

guest's user avatar

Of course they do. It does happen to undergrads who find research internships or in programs where they can do an undergraduate thesis for instance. It’s not that rare in some fields, but quite so in other fields.

One does need a bit of luck though, as not all project will have reached or can even reach a stage where an undergraduate may contribute enough to warrant co-authorship.

ZeroTheHero's user avatar

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published undergraduate research paper

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Office of Undergraduate Research

Writing an academic paper as an undergraduate researcher, by ariane garrett, our peer research ambassador.

Publishing papers is the primary way that scientific knowledge is disseminated within the academic community. Therefore an essential part of becoming a successful researcher is learning how to write an academic paper. Throughout your undergraduate research career you may or may not have the opportunity to be published. Regardless, learning how academic papers are written is useful knowledge for anyone interested in pursuing a research career. Whether or not you have the opportunity to be published as an undergrad depends on a variety of factors, including the nature of your project, how often your faculty advisor publishes papers, and your particular role in the research lab. If you haven’t been published as an undergrad, no need to stress. There are many other ways your research can shine on an application.

I was tasked with writing my first paper in the spring of my junior year. As I am the primary person working on my research project, my faculty advisor expected me to write the paper by myself with his help and feedback. At first, this seemed to be a very daunting task. I had never written an entire academic paper by myself before, and I had no idea where to begin. The writing process took much longer than I expected (I didn’t finish until Fall 2019), and the paper I submitted is currently under review. In this blog post, I will share what I learned while writing my first academic paper. As a biomedical engineering major, my experience is a reflection of the norms within the engineering field. However, I hope that some of these tips will prove useful for those in all majors.

Getting Started

I began my first draft of my paper as I had begun many other papers I have written- with an introduction. When I showed my first draft to my PI, he told me that it is actually most common in the engineering field to begin writing an academic paper by constructing the figures. At first, I thought this seemed rather counterintuitive. Shouldn’t the figures be based on the writing, rather than the other way around? There are several reasons why the opposite is actually true. Firstly, the figures are the most eye-catching part of every paper and sometimes the only thing a reader will look at. In addition, many journals have figure limitations so the figures that are chosen must be carefully thought out in order to maximize their effectiveness. Lastly, constructing the figures first establishes a clear outline that you can follow as you write the rest of the paper.

Writing the Paper

Writing the actual paper is a long process that typically involves many revisions. I found it helpful to read papers from the same journal I was submitting to in order to get an idea of typical paper formats in that journal. I would also recommend seeking feedback at several stages of the writing process. Don’t wait until the entire paper is finished before showing it to your PI, instead, ask for feedback after the first draft of each section is finished. As an academic paper can have anywhere from five to hundreds of sources, I would also suggest using a citation manager as you write. This will save you from having to constantly update the sources in the paper as you add and revise.

Submitting the Paper

In my case, my PI submitted the paper and is the primary contact with the journal. However, I was expected to fully format the paper before I gave it to him to submit. If you visit the website of the journal you are submitting to, there will be details on the formatting expectations. Reformatting the entire paper after it has been written can be a lot of work, so it’s helpful to review these before you begin writing. Often, it is expected that you include a letter to the editor requesting for your paper to be considered, which you may or may not have to write depending on your PI.

After Submission

Depending on the journal, it can be up to several months before you hear back about your submission. In my case, I heard back from the reviewers about two months after submission. There were two reviewers for the paper I submitted, though this number will likely vary depending on the journal. The comments that were made were useful and provided good insight into an outsider’s perspective on my research. It is very common for journals to request revision and resubmission, so don’t expect the first paper you submit to be published!

Although writing an academic paper is challenging, I found it to be a very rewarding experience. I now appreciate how much work it takes to write a good paper and I feel like I grew as a scientific writer throughout the process. If you feel that your research deserves to be published, don’t be afraid to reach out to your PI and ask them if they think you could write a paper. Even if it is never published, writing about your research is an excellent way to become a better writer and also understand your own research area more fully.

Ariane is a senior majoring in biomedical engineering and Spanish. Click here to learn more about Ariane.

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Advertise Your Undergraduate Research Journal!

This list of Undergraduate Research Journals is populated by self-entry. The Council on Undergraduate Research does not endorse or evaluate any specific journal.

1890: A Journal of Undergraduate Research invites undergraduate students from all universities to submit their work—from any discipline—to be considered for publication in our undergraduate research journal. The journal is interdisciplinary, meaning that research, scholarly articles, creative writing, artwork, and photography will all be placed under consideration. For more information, please see our call for submissions at our website.

Academic Leadership Journal in Student Research is an Open Access, annual, online, peer reviewed, international journal dedicated to the publication of student research (undergraduate and graduate) within all disciplines and of pedagogically based professional work that explores the intersection of student research with teaching and faculty research. Our mission is to provide a forum for exceptional student research and to promote collaboration between students and teachers in the classroom, laboratory, and field.

Advanced Journal of Graduate Research (ISSN:2456-7108) is a refereed journal dedicated to publishing research work carried out by Bachelor/Master Degree students under the supervision of a faculty member. Normally research work carried out as a part of the undergraduate course or graduate course in the form of final year thesis (course project) will be considered in this specific graduate journal. Any mentored student may submit articles related to all area of Science and Technology including Life Science, Computer Science, Mathematics, Environmental Science, Earth Science, Agriculture Science, Medical Science, Chemical Science, Physical Science. This journal accepts original research article, review article and survey article. Normal publication is free in this journal with open access availability of published article.

Afkar: The Undergraduate Journal of Middle East Studies is an academic journal focusing on the study of politics, history, culture, and society in the Middle East and North Africa. Afkar was created to encourage undergraduates to undertake primary research on the Middle East and North Africa and contribute to the growing body of literature in Middle East studies.

Al Noor is Boston College’s Middle Eastern Studies journal, based in Chestnut Hill, MA. It is run entirely by undergraduates at BC, features work from around the world, and is issued twice a year.

Aleph is UCLA’s only official journal publishing undergraduate research in the humanities, social sciences, and behavioral sciences. Run by undergraduates who review submissions continuously throughout the year, Aleph publishes select submissions in a quarterly online journal and an annual “best of” print journal, with the support of our sponsor, the UCLA Undergraduate Research Center.

Alpha Chi is deeply invested in fueling undergraduate research and creativity. We challenge students to find and lend their growing voice to the most pressing conversations and issues of the moment. Publishing that original work—some for the first time—is part of being an Alpha Chi member. Aletheia presents undergraduates with an opportunity to disseminate online their empirical research, critical literary analysis, policy analysis, or artistic endeavors to a wider audience. Alpha Chi members can be published at no per page charge; a page charge does apply for non-members. Aletheia is a free, public-access journal.

Alpenglow showcases and acknowledges the broad spectrum and quality of undergraduate student research, scholarly investigation, and creative work at Binghamton University. The journal accepts and publishes various formats of submissions of scholarly and creative work.

American Journal of Undergraduate Research (AJUR) is a national, independent, peer reviewed, open-source, no-cost-to-authors, quarterly, multidisciplinary student research journal. AJUR is indexed. AJUR (print ISSN 1536-4585, web ISSN 2375-8732) was established in 2002.

Americana is the undergraduate research journal from the University of Notre Dame’s Dept of American Studies. The journal seeks to encourage students to conduct research that explores both popular and academic curiosities relating to American studies; foster an interdisciplinary conversation between students, past and present; and provide opportunities for undergraduate publication.

Animus, the undergraduate Classical journal of the University of Chicago, publishes outstanding original work in the Classics and related fields. Supporting study of the Classical world through multiple platforms—the journal and the online blog—we seek to present wide-ranging undergraduate scholarship to a broad audience.

Founded in 1990, Anthós is a multidisciplinary academic journal published by the Honors College of Portland State University. Anthós publishes the work of Portland State University students, juried by Honors College student editors in a double-blind review process.

Our goal is to engage students in every stage of the process, beginning with student-faculty collaboration in generating undergraduate scholarships and finishing with the release of a polished digital journal. Apollon strives to take advantage of the unique opportunity of venturing into the digital humanities by engaging with image, text, sound, video, and a variety of presentation platforms in the process of showcasing the many species of undergraduate research.

ARCHIVE is an award-winning journal of history published annually by undergraduate history majors, in partnership with the History Department and the UW-Madison chapter of Phi Alpha Theta. ARCHIVE accepts submissions from undergraduate students of all majors and from colleges and universities in the United States or abroad. The deadline for submissions is usually in late January or early February.

The Aresty Rutgers Undergraduate Research Journal (Aresty RURJ) is an interdisciplinary, undergraduate-run research journal that accepts submissions exclusively from Rutgers University undergraduate students! Our purpose is to display the cutting-edge research being conducted by Rutgers University students and to allow them the unique opportunity to experience the publication and peer review process first-hand. The Aresty RURJ is also set apart from other undergraduate research journals in that we have implemented a year-long reviewer program that teaches involved undergraduates about how to review papers, and then allows them the opportunity to put that knowledge into practice by reviewing the manuscripts submitted to RURJ.

Armstrong Undergraduate Journal of History is an online journal edited and produced by undergraduate students at Armstrong State University. The journal is dedicated to promoting undergraduate students’ research interest in history and their writing skills. The journal is also hoped to strengthen the collaborations in learning between undergraduates and graduates, students and faculty, and history majors and those from other study fields. All submissions will be fully refereed in a blind reviewing process by history professors and graduate students from Armstrong and other universities.

The Arsenal: The Undergraduate Research Journal of Augusta University?(ISSN 2380-5064) is a peer-reviewed, open access, interdisciplinary journal for undergraduate research conducted at Augusta University. This journal is managed in collaboration by the Center for Undergraduate Research and Scholarship (CURS), University Libraries, and the student organization On the Shoulder of Giants.

Auctus: The Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Scholarship is designed to highlight the various forms of research taking place at Virginia Commonwealth University. The journal is student-run, peer-reviewed, and edited with assistance from faculty members. Auctus accepts outstanding submissions from VCU undergraduates of all disciplines. The journal welcomes submissions of research articles, technical papers, expository articles, and works of creative scholarship.

AUJUS, the Auburn University Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship, is a faculty-refereed publication that showcases the research and scholarly accomplishments of Auburn University undergraduate students from any discipline.

Biochemistry and Applied Biological research journal

Founded in 2020 as the first undergraduate urban studies journal in the United States, the Barnard/Columbia Urban Review (BCUR) aims to promote discourse and research at the intersection of ecology, business, politics, history, culture, and society by publishing a rigorous selection of research papers in our print journal. BCUR is sponsored by the Urban Studies program at Columbia University and Barnard College, and is entirely led, organized, and operated by undergraduate students at Columbia University across a range of academic disciplines.

The Berkeley Undergraduate Journal of Classics is committed to the progress and proliferation of scholarship in the field of Classics and to providing a common medium through which undergraduates from all relevant disciplines can actively engage in one another’s work. In order to establish a channel for interdepartmental exchange and collaboration, we seek to publish exceptional papers and translations from a wide range of fields pertaining to Classics and the world of the ancient Mediterranean.

The Beyond: Undergraduate Research Journal is the peer-reviewed research publication of the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Office of Undergraduate Research. The journal features research manuscripts, literature reviews, and technical reports by undergraduate students at the Daytona Beach, Prescott, and Worldwide campuses. To learn more about this publication, read About This Journal. Beyond accepts submissions on a rolling basis. Please note: you must have an account in Scholarly Commons to submit a manuscript. Click on My Account to log-in or create a new account. To upload a manuscript for consideration, click on the Submit Article link. If you have any questions, please contact the Office of Undergraduate Research at [email protected].

Bridges is an undergraduate academic journal created at Wilfrid Laurier University. It offers a range of essays on broad, interdisciplinary subjects with a focus on contemporary issues and literature.

The Bryant University Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies aims to promote undergraduate scholarly work that builds bridges between various disciplines to engage with complex problems that no one single discipline alone can effectively address. From various second-order effects of global warming to advancements in digital technology and information systems, the journal encourages themed volumes with individual submissions in forms including case-studies, scholarly research, critical reviews, original works of creative writing and visual art, and mixed-media productions.

The Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research publishes original, scholarly research undertaken by undergraduates from any college or university. BJUR builds upon and strengthens Butler’s commitment to quality undergraduate research by providing an outlet for the publication of outstanding undergraduate scholarship across the humanities, social and natural sciences.

The Caltech Undergraduate Research Journal publishes the best undergraduate submissions from around the world in the form of scientific and featured articles.

The Canadian Journal for the Academic Mind is a student-run/student-focused, interdisciplinary, open-access research publication dedicated to bringing together the best and brightest minds from across the world to share their ideas and research. We believe, support, and encourage the use of open-access publishing and the accessibility of academic material to the public. We are committed to providing a platform for students to showcase their research findings and discuss and debate our world’s changing landscape. CJAM was founded by a small group of students and professors in 2023 at Carleton University in Ottawa but aims to publish works by students from across the world. Our founding editors from Carleton come from the Arthur Kroeger College of Public Affairs, the Feminist Institute of Social Transformation, and the School of Journalism and Communication! Currently, we have students on the editorial board from the University of Toronto’s Rotman School of Management, McMaster University’s School of Biomedical Engineering, and York University’s History Department. As an interdisciplinary journal, we publish papers on a wide array of topics ranging from public policy, philosophy, and economics to international relations, gender studies, and medicine. We constantly aim to bridge the gap between the academic and non-academic worlds. Our goal is to provide an engaging and informative space for students to share their work and ideas without any restrictive requirements.

The Canadian Journal of Undergraduate Research (CJUR) is a biannual publication that highlights work being done by undergraduates in all areas of academic research. CJUR publishes a variety of article types, including primary research, reviews, commentaries, and critiques. All submissions are reviewed by experienced graduate students.

Caravel is a faculty-reviewed online undergraduate research journal, which chronicles students’ creative research from all academic disciplines.

Catalyst is a student-run journal that showcases and highlights student research and views about science. Catalyst provides an avenue for students to share their thoughts and ideas about scientific innovations in the form of articles that are published annually.

Central Europe Yearbook is an open-access journal promoting the study of Central Europe among undergraduate students. Sponsored by the Center for Austrian Studies at the University of Minnesota, the journal’s online platform provides an outlet for a wide array of scholarly projects. In addition to traditional forms of scholarship, we are particularly interested in the development of the digital humanities in the study of the region. Submissions could include academic articles, GIS maps, interactive resources, games, VLOGs, or any other compelling union of technology and research. Submissions will be accepted in either English or German. The Yearbook is a venue for undergraduates working on Central European topics to publish their scholarship and work in tandem with professors, independent scholars, graduate students, and undergraduates from various institutions across the country and internationally.

The Challenger aims to further the access and representation of underrepresented students by giving URH Scholars at UC San Diego the opportunity to publish and share their research. The Challenger attempts to promote scholarly research with diverse perspectives across multiple fields of study, and provide a platform for scholars of all backgrounds to express their unique lens of viewing societal problems to bring positive impacts to the community.

The Chicago Journal of Foreign Policy invites undergraduates from around the country and the world to submit articles on foreign policy, international relations, comparative politics, international political theory, and any related subjects. We accept shorter pieces as blog posts to our website and generally save longer pieces for our more competitive bi-annual print journal. Our mission is to increase our collective understanding of international affairs and highlight the work of undergraduates from around the world.

Clio’s Scroll, the Berkeley Undergraduate History Journal, is published twice yearly by students of the Department of History at the University of California, Berkeley. The journal aims to provide undergraduates with the opportunity to publish historical works, develop the editing and writing skills of contributors and board members, and train them in the editorial process of an academic journal.

The Robotics Institute Summer Scholars Working Papers Journal is an annual publication of the Robotics Institute’s Summer Scholars Program at Carnegie Mellon University. The journal is a medium for the undergraduate students of the summer research program to communicate their work in collaboration with the participating lab faculties. This journal encompasses the learnings and research findings of the students over the eleven-week-long remote engagement with the CMU community for the year 2021. The journal comprises 58 papers written by the scholars participating in RISS 2021. The papers explore various domains of Robotics, including Localization, Mapping, Computer Vision, Motion-planning, Controls, Haptics, Aerial Systems, Medical Robotics, Multi-agent Systems, Machine Learning, and Reinforcement Learning.

Founded in 2009 as the first undergraduate economics journal in the United States, the Columbia Economics Review (CER) aims to promote discourse and research at the intersection of economics, business, politics, and society by publishing a rigorous selection of student essays, opinions, and research papers in a print journal released each semester. We further strive to engage individuals on campus, locally, and globally through speaker series, symposia, competitions, and other events established to promote dialogue and encourage deeper insights on economic issues. CER is sponsored by the Program for Economic Research at Columbia University and the Institute for Social and Economic Research and Policy. CER is entirely led, organized, and operated by undergraduate students at Columbia across a multitude of academic disciplines.

The Columbia Journal of Asia (CJA) is an open-access, peer-reviewed platform for academic and creative pieces relating to Asia and the Asian diaspora, launched in partnership with Columbia Libraries and faculty in the departments of History, MESAAS, EALAC, and Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies. It addresses an urgent need for meaningful representations of Asian narratives as an integral part of the humanities, arts, and social sciences. It welcomes both research papers (“notes” of 1,500-4,000 words and “articles” of 4,000+ words) and creative works (visual art, poetry, prose, and translations of under 2,000 words). Undergraduates from all majors, tracks, and class years, at any university, are encouraged to submit. Submissions will be reviewed on a rolling basis. Read more about CJA and submit at cja.library.columbia.edu. Any questions can be directed to [email protected].

The Columbia Undergraduate Science Journal is a peer-reviewed, professional-level, open-access, academic publication that is committed to publishing manuscripts of the highest scholarship resulting from significant scientific research or outstanding scientific analysis. Each paper published in the CUSJ undergoes a double-blind peer-review process facilitated by the journal’s Editorial Review Board and a faculty review by a member of the Faculty Advisory Board. The CUSJ has two primary goals. First, the CUSJ aims to (1) publish works of the highest scholarship authored primarily by undergraduates. Second, the CUSJ aims to (2) educate students about the academic publication process, both from the inside as a member of the CUSJ staff and from the outside as a submitter to a scientific journal with academic standards that are as rigorous as any professional-level scientific publication.

Compass: An Undergraduate Journal of American Political Ideas seeks to publish essays by undergraduates at colleges and universities anywhere in the world on current American political issues understood in the broad contexts of political philosophy, history, literature, and culture. The journal encourages submissions from across academic disciplines and welcomes the use of various historical, philosophic, and empirical methods of analysis. This online journal aims to provide a space for the work of talented undergraduates who have original and well-articulated insights on important ideas and issues relating to American democracy. Please submit your essays to [email protected]. Published essays will usually be 1500-2000 words in length. We encourage a lively style that is highly readable. This is a venue to relate original work, whether using interpretive textual analysis, archival work, quantitative findings, comparative historical analysis, or other methodological approaches. However, we ask that these findings not be delivered or expressed in the manner of a term paper to specialist professors but in a more journalistic fashion to a wider audience of readers eager to glean what’s interesting from your findings. Once you have submitted your essay, the editorial team will work quickly to let you know if your piece will be appropriate for this journal and whether it requires revisions. Compass is a project of the Tocqueville Forum at Northern Illinois University, in partnership with Starting Points: A Journal of American Principles and American Practices, a project of the Kinder Institute at University of Missouri.

Compos Mentis: Undergraduate Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics publishes papers on philosophy, seeking to support and encourage the intellectual work of undergraduates.

Consilience is an online journal dedicated to promoting interdisciplinary dialogue on sustainable development. This journal aims to bring students, researchers, professors, and practitioners from a variety of disciplines and geographical regions in direct conversation with each other through an online, academically rigorous medium. Consilience publishes scholarly articles, opinion pieces, field notes, editorial columns, and photo essays. By providing a public platform for discussion, we hope to encourage a global community to think more broadly, thoroughly, and analytically about sustainable development. The journal is run by a team of undergraduate and graduate students, under the guidance of faculty from Columbia University in the City of New York.

Critique is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes scholarship by students of political science. The journal, which is recognized by American Political Science Association and indexed by EBSCO-Host database, accepts submissions from all the subfields of political science.

Crossing Borders introduces undergraduates to the processes and values of open-access, peer-reviewed communication, thereby preparing them to be more critical consumers and producers of scholarly discourse. The editors welcome submissions from any discipline.

  • Crossings ‐ University of Alberta Crossings: An Undergraduate Arts Journal is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed, academic student journal published by the Organization for Arts Students and Interdisciplinary Studies with an aim to highlight the diverse and outstanding breadth of research from all programs in the Faculty of Arts at the University of Alberta.

Culture, Society, and Praxis is a peer reviewed, undergraduate, open access social scientific journal. We accept all forms of scholarly expression, including research-based writing, creative writing, visual arts, and more. As long as it was created by a student and is relevant to the social sciences, we’d love to see it. We do not reject any eligible submissions; we simply ask that students commit to revising their work until it is publishable. You can check us out and submit work at www.culturesocietypraxis.com. For more information, contact Amanda Pullum, faculty advisor ([email protected]).

Cura Terra is an undergraduate journal founded on values of justice and equity, putting people at the center of the world’s most pressing environmental issues. Cura Terra is designed to be both interdisciplinary and intersectional. The journal encourages students to submit articles, research papers, and essays related to the field of environmental studies. Students in any program of study should feel welcome to send their work as long as it relates to environmental issues.

DePaul Discoveries is a peer-reviewed undergraduate research journal published by DePaul University’s College of Science and Health.

The first undergraduate journal of medieval studies at Smith College focuses on the period 400–1600 AD. Submissions from all sorts of fields are accepted such as art, art history, language and translation, and religion. Submissions are encouraged pertaining to regions outside Western Christendom. Any undergraduate student at any college or university may submit.

Digital America is a new, online journal that features student work on digitization, digital culture, and American life. We also feature process projects in courses that engage digital media and digital culture, and we feature ongoing commentary on topical, digital issues. We accept traditional papers as well as new media pieces, digital art, and short films.

Digital Literature Review is the Ball State University English Department’s new undergraduate academic journal, edited and produced by Ball State undergraduates. Our goal is to showcase the valuable contributions of hardworking, creative undergraduate students. We welcome original, engaging, scholarly submissions from the perspective of a wide range of academic disciplines, including film studies, theatre, anthropology, psychology, and literary and cultural studies. Each issue is thematically driven, so please visit www.bsu.edu/dlr or email us at [email protected] to find out more about our current focus.

DISCOVER is a peer-reviewed, open access journal dedicated to the publication of outstanding scholarship by undergraduates at Utah State University. This journal accepts submissions of scholarly and research articles, from undergraduate students in all academic disciplines.

Discovery is the undergraduate student research journal at the Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences.

DISCOVERY is an undergraduate research journal featuring publications from students enrolled in the Honors College at Georgia State University. The mission of DISCOVERY, subtitled The Honors College Undergraduate Research Journal, is to promote, showcase, and disseminate original scholarship from all disciplines conducted by Honors College undergraduate students who have been involved in faculty-mentored research projects and creative activities. DISCOVERY promotes, encourages and rewards undergraduate research excellence and provides opportunities for the exchange of ideas beyond the classroom.

The journal features exceptional research and writing by SMSU undergraduates.

Discussions is the undergraduate research journal of Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, OH. We are currently accepting submissions from all majors! We accept from all over the nation and have received submissions from Princeton, Florida, and even New Zealand. Our current acceptance rates are around 30 percent, and we are becoming more competitive every year. Check out our website to learn more!

Founded in 1998, the Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science aims to increase scientific awareness by providing an interdisciplinary forum for sharing undergraduate research and enriching scientific knowledge. The DUJS prints quarterly journals that include science news and review articles, along with research by undergraduates. Weekly Dartmouth Science News articles are also posted to the DUJS website.

The DU Undergraduate Research Journal is a peer reviewed publication of research articles from all undergraduate disciplines. The mission of DUURJ is to encourage, recognize, and celebrate intellectual activity that occurs outside of the classroom, though exemplary research conducted in classroom settings may also be displayed. The journal staff is comprised entirely of DU undergraduate students and works to promote academic research across all disciplines.

El Río: A Student Research Journal is a student-run research journal at CSU-Pueblo that focuses on outstanding student work from the humanities, behavioral, social, natural, and health and applied sciences. Its mission is to acknowledge, promote, and disseminate high-quality student research that shapes discourse and fosters understanding.

The Elon Journal is the only journal with a focus on undergraduate research in journalism, media, and communications.

Epistemai is an undergraduate philosophy journal with a focus on short, original, philosophical work done by undergraduates from universities across the country.

  • Eureka ‐ University of Alberta Eureka is a student-founded and student-run initiative. This journal offers undergraduate scientists the unique opportunity to share their discoveries with the scientific world through the peer review process. Eureka is an educational institution, with a diverse team of reviewers from many scientific backgrounds, exposing undergraduate students to the publication process often excluded from their traditional scientific education. Through clear and effective scientific writing, students will be a

EvoS Journal: The Journal of the Evolutionary Studies Consortium is a journal designed to promote the education of evolutionary theory in colleges and universities. EvoS Journal welcomes work from all academic disciplines as well as interdisciplinary scholarship that incorporates evolutionary theory across areas of study.

Explorations is a refereed journal that features original research and creative work by students at any 2- or 4- year public or private college or university across the state of North Carolina. Explorations is the companion journal for the annual State of North Carolina Undergraduate Research and Creativity Symposium (SCNURCS) and publishes student-authored articles of general interest in any area, as well as creative work in a variety of media. Article submission is June 1 of each year, and submissions are reviewed by a faculty board of reviewers across the state.

Falsafa aims to highlight philosophical ideas and research in marginalized/underrepresented subdisciplines and aims to encourage work by undergraduates within the same. Falsafa welcomes submissions on topics pertaining to all areas of philosophy and encourages undergraduates from all universities, majors, and backgrounds to submit creative works.

The Florida Atlantic Undergraduate Research Journal (FAURJ) is an interdisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal that is published annually. The FAURJ is published online and in print. Its missions are to showcase high quality undergraduate research in all fields, supply younger students with an idea of the standard of research, and promote inquiry-based activities at FAU.

Fenjan is the University of Pennsylvania’s premier journal on the Middle East. Through nonpartisan, quarterly issues, Fenjan is dedicated to increasing empathy for and understanding of the Middle East among the Penn Community through written and visual work.

Field: A Journal of Arts & Sciences is IU Kokomo’s peer-reviewed student journal that inspires dialogue across disciplines. Field publishes visual artwork, research essays, and creative writing. We are committed to representing diverse student perspectives and expanding our community’s field of vision.

First-Gen Voices: Creative and Critical Narratives on the First-Generation College Experience is a peer-reviewed journal of creative writing, visual and recorded art, and scholarly work from the first-generation college community—students, faculty, and staff whose parents have not completed bachelor’s degrees from institutions in the United States). Founded in spring 2014 at Loyola Marymount University, First-Gen Voices offers a space where individuals from diverse backgrounds can engage one another in conversation through their shared social identity as first-gen college students. This publication aims to promote awareness about the first-gen experience, the valuable forms of social capital first-gen students bring into the university, and the meaningful contributions they make to their local and global communities.

The Florida Undergraduate Research Journal (FURJ) is a new publication opportunity for students to share their work with others beyond their campus journals. It is dedicated to publishing outstanding undergraduate research across all disciplines. All are welcome to submit.

Forbes & Fifth, a magazine published by Dietrich School undergraduates at the University of Pittsburgh, and sponsored by the Office of Undergraduate Research, Scholarship, and Creative Activity, unites works of research, creative writing, and scholarly articles under the banner of interdisciplinary collaboration. We seek articles of an interdisciplinary nature, both in form and content. We’ve featured research articles on Internet memes, Peruvian Terrorism, Mongolian folk rock, Great Britain’s “Little Ice Age,” as well as poetry, fiction, and creative nonfiction. We’re also interested in visual art, translations, and reviews. Undergraduates at accredited institutions may submit inquiries or work to [email protected].

  • Furman University Electronic Journal of Undergraduate Mathematics

The George Mason Review is a cross-disciplinary undergraduate journal. Through the publication of exemplary, scholarly works, the GMR acts as a medium for discussion among us–the Mason undergraduate body–about scholarship. It seeks to re-vision scholarship by exploring and challenging the boundaries separating disciplines from each other, the humanities from the sciences, and academic from creative. In doing so, the GMR hopes to represent the academic excellence of the Mason undergraduate body.

Global Histories: A Student Journal aims to offer a platform for debate, discussion and intellectual exchange for a new generation of scholars with diverse research interests. Global history can provide an opportunity to move beyond disciplinary boundaries and methodological centrisms, both in time and space. As students of global history at Freie Universität Berlin and Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, our interest lies not in prescribing what global history is and what it is not but to encourage collaboration, cooperation, and discourse among students seeking to explore new intellectual frontiers.

Glocality is an open-access academic journal that offers a platform to undergraduate students to share their work with the scholar community and practitioners worldwide. Articles explore the relationship between local and global on the dimensions of the Sustainable Development Goals.

The Grand Valley Journal of History provides undergraduate students from all institutions with an opportunity to publish their historically-based research. The GVJH is a journal for all majors, operated by student editors and overseen by a faculty advisory board.

Harf: A Journal of South Asian Studies invites academic work from undergraduate and graduate students working on South Asia. We are a new journal published out of McGill University in Montreal. We welcome all submissions pertaining to the anthropology, history, literatures, and religions of South Asia. We are interested, particularly, in essays that explore marginalized voices, communities, practices, and concepts. Submissions must be double-spaced and 15-30 pages in length, inclusive of all endnotes, footnotes, and bibliography. Submissions must be formatted according to the Chicago Manual of Style as per the notes and bibliography system. Queries may be sent to [email protected] or via our Facebook page: www.facebook.com/harfjournal.

An undergraduate history journal, published annually on this website by the Department of History at Appalachian State University. The journal is edited by undergraduates with the help of a faculty board. Our goal is to publish the best undergraduate historical research possible. In doing so, we would like to provide an opportunity for top undergraduates from a variety of schools to be recognized for their work, familiarize them with the publishing process, and encourage student-faculty collaboration.

Illumin is a student-run online magazine dedicated to the fields of science and technology, specifically engineering. Submissions to the magazine come from USC undergraduate engineers along with submissions from universities across the nation.

Illuminate features academic and creative content of honors students from the Northeast region

IMPULSE is the first international, online neuroscience journal for undergraduate publications. The journal is peer reviewed by students worldwide.

Founded in August 2013, the Indiana University Journal of Undergraduate Research is an entirely student-led journal dedicated to promoting a culture of curiosity all around Indiana University. Any undergrad from all eight of Indiana University’s campuses can submit to our journal, and we accept submissions from any field on a rolling basis.

Inquiries Journal is an open-access, multidisciplinary student journal focused on presenting student scholarship in the social sciences, arts, and humanities.

Inquiro is UAB’s official journal of undergraduate research. The Journal operates by a blind, peer review process conducted by UAB faculty, researchers, and distinguished undergraduate students and maintains the highest standards of scholastic integrity.

Inquiry journal is the online, multi-disciplinary undergraduate research journal of the University of New Hampshire. It is published annually in April.

The Inquiry Journal accepts research works as well as creative works for publication. Research includes any quantitative or qualitative original research that a student has conducted during their academic studies. Creative works include any theoretical works, policy analyses, art projects or displays, among others.

The primary aim of the International Journal of Exercise Science is to engage undergraduate and graduate students in scholarly activity as authors and reviewers as they develop into professionals. In addition to providing students with an outlet for manuscript submission, the Journal will engage students as peer reviewers, thus providing students with a more encompassing experience with regards to scholarly activity. All student authors who have a manuscript accepted in the Journal will be added to the reviewer pool and may have the opportunity to serve as a peer reviewer on future submissions.

A peer-reviewed, open-access journal dedicated to the publication of outstanding scholarship by undergraduates and their mentors from academic institutions of higher learning. The journal accepts submissions of research articles, fiction, poetry, photography, videos, and other creative works from undergraduate students in all academic disciplines.

The International Relations Review (IRR) is an esteemed undergraduate journal at Boston University. Founded in 2009, and indexed in the Library of Congress, the International Relations Review consists of policy-oriented analyses through two annual print issues and a consistent collection of digital commentary; each publication boasts original research, policy recommendations, book reviews, and opinion pieces. Each issue is read by a global network of scholars, practitioners, leaders, and students committed to advancing human progress and approaching tomorrow’s challenges with thoughtful, interdisciplinary lenses.

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences (IUJHS) is a student-run, open access, peer- reviewed online journal that publishes original research papers, short communications, review papers, mini-review papers, letters to the editor, and conference proceedings within the field of human health and medical science. The IUJHS is published twice-yearly.

Intersect is an international Science, Technology, and Society research journal run by undergraduate students at Stanford University and supported by the Program in STS. It welcomes undergraduate, graduate, and PhD submissions at the intersection of history, culture, sociology, art, literature, business, law, and design with science and technology. The journal’s submissions are not exclusive to Stanford affiliates and generally span several continents.

Intersections is an interdisciplinary print-form journal published online by the Comparative History of Ideas program at the University of Washington, Seattle. Intersections features features student essays, research papers, and capstone theses in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences. There are no established deadlines as submissions are accepted on a rolling basis. Work of any length is considered. Interested authors should consult the journal’s Call for Papers page for submission specifications. Authors can contact the editorial staff at: [email protected].

Founded in 1965 at Aberystwyth University’s Department of International Politics, ‘Interstate – Journal of International Affairs’ is a student-run journal that focuses on international affairs.

Inventio is the multidisciplinary undergraduate research journal of The Catholic University of America. Established in 2015, it aims to identify and disseminate original undergraduate research that best represents the university’s commitment to the academic and Catholic traditions that inform its mission to “discover and impart the truth.” The journal accepts submissions of research in theology, philosophy, the humanities, and the social sciences written by current students or within two years of their graduation.

  • Invoke ‐ University of Alberta The focus and scope of the journal includes anything sociological, that is presenting scholarly research with a sociological perspective. This does not completely exclude perspectives of other disciplines; sociology is a very broad and overlapping field and submissions from other disciplines will be accepted. Submissions are limited to works done at the undergraduate level.

Issues in Political Economy is a student run journal whose focus is to promote undergraduate research in all areas of economics.

The Jackson School Journal is an online and print publication dedicated to profiling the outstanding research and policy writing relating to international studies.

The James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal (JMURJ) is a multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal produced by a student editorial board working alongside faculty reviewers. This online journal publishes excellent scholarly research conducted by JMU undergraduates from all academic disciplines. Submissions are evaluated and published on a rolling basis.

The Journal of Science and Health at the University of Alabama (JOSHUA) is an undergraduate research journal relating to science and health.

The JUE is an online publication for undergraduate academic writing. The JUE seeks to distribute original scholarly ethnographies from a variety of disciplinary areas.

The Journal of Art History and Museum Studies (JAHMS) is a student-edited, undergraduate peer-reviewed journal. Led by its student editorial board, JAHMS publishes issues online in the fall and spring academic terms and welcomes intercollegiate scholarly research of students across the globe.

  • Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities ‐ Asian and African Research Centre Journal of Asian and African Social Science and Humanities is a double-blind, peer-reviewed journal. The journal publishes research papers in the fields of humanities and social science such as anthropology, business studies, communication studies, corporate governance, criminology, cross-cultural studies, demography, development studies, economics, education, ethics, geography, history, industrial relations, international relations, law, linguistics, library science, media

The Journal of European Psychology Students (JEPS) is an open-access, double-blind, peer-reviewed journal for psychology students worldwide. JEPS is run by highly motivated European psychology students and has been publishing since 2009. By ensuring that authors are always provided with extensive feedback, JEPS gives psychology students the chance to gain experience in publishing and to improve their scientific skills. Furthermore, JEPS provides students with the opportunity to share their research and to take a first step toward a scientific career.

The Journal of Foreign Affairs at Carolina (JFAC) is an undergraduate research journal at The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill which publishes excellent undergraduate research on global affairs and current events. This student-run journal partners with the Office of Undergraduate Research and the Carolina International Relations Association to publish biannual issues showcasing not only student research, but also student photography from around the world. This interdisciplinary journal accepts submissions relating to global affairs a wide variety of subjects including, but not limited to, economics, religion, anthropology, international relations, language and regional studies.

The Journal of Integrated Social Sciences is a web-based, peer-reviewed journal committed to the scholarly investigation of social phenomena. We especially encourage students and their faculty advisers to submit the results of their investigations.

Title of Journal: Journal of Interpersonal Relations, Intergroup Relations and Identity (JIRIRI). Years active: 2008 – present Peer-reviewed: yes Review done by: undergraduate and graduate students. A senior associate editor (Ph.D.) trains the students and verifies all the letters that are sent to the authors. The Journal of Interpersonal Relations, Intergroup Relations and Identity (JIRIRI) is a social psychology journal with the goal of promoting the creation and expression of novel theoretical and empirical ideas. Created at Université de Montréal, it is an international scientific peer-reviewed journal for undergraduate students. The JIRIRI’s goal is to promote creative and original ideas in social psychology and related fields, produced by undergraduate students worldwide. Undergraduate students are given the opportunity to either publish an empirical or theoretical manuscript, to review scientific manuscripts or to become part of the editorial team. The JIRIRI’s next goal is to diffuse its material to other professors and students that wish to use the peer-review process as a teaching tool.

The Journal of Near & Middle-Eastern Civilizations is a yearly journal published by the University of Toronto NMC Students’ Union. It seeks to receive work from both graduate and undergraduate students–particularly in relation to the modern Middle East.

The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research publishes outstanding research papers written by Purdue undergraduates from all academic disciplines who have completed a faculty-mentored research projects.

The Journal of Research in Progress (JRIP) showcases the outstanding original research work done by Howard Community College students with their faculty mentors and celebrates their achievements to date.

The Journal of Student Research is an electronic, academic, multidisciplinary, peer-reviewed journal devoted to the rapid dissemination of current research.

The Journal of Student Research at Indiana University East (JSRIUE) selectively publishes the accomplishments of dedicated undergraduate and graduate students’ research, scholarship, & creative activity.

The Journal of Undergraduate Kinesiology Research is published by the Kinesiology Department at the University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire. The peer reviewed, Internet-based journal (ISSN 1936-7007) is dedicated to original undergraduate research in Kinesiology. The Editor-In-Chief invites Kinesiology-related, undergraduate research from all academic institutions.

JURSE is a peer-reviewed, undergraduate journal registered with the Library of Congress that accepts submissions of any subject, from any undergraduate institution. We receive hundreds of submissions for publication every year, from institutions ranging from small liberal arts colleges to international institutions. The review process for publication includes peer, graduate, and faculty referees, ensuring that the Journal publishes competitive material that follows the Journal’s standards for ac

JURP is a peer-reviewed online journal of the Society of Physics Students (SPS) and Sigma Pi Sigma, the physics honor society.

The Journal of Undergraduate Research in Humanities (JURH) is a pioneering, peer-reviewed online journal dedicated to showcasing exceptional undergraduate scholarship within the Humanities. This biennial publication stands as a vibrant forum for academic discourse, drawing on a wide array of Humanities fields. JURH is founded on the belief that undergraduate research is a critical component of the academic landscape, offering fresh perspectives and insights across disciplines.

The Journal of Young Investigators is the largest and most prestigious journal of undergraduate research. We accept submissions from all over the world and in all scientific disciplines (including biology, chemistry, physics, engineering, mathematics, and social sciences). Our journal was founded more than 20 years ago and received a generous endowment from Burroughs Welcome Fund to help finance our mission of enhancing publication opportunities for undergraduate researchers. We are entirely run by undergraduates living in more than a dozen countries. To learn about submitting to the journal our joining our staff, please see our website at jyi.org.

The Kentucky Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship is an online, refereed journal dedicated to showcasing the research and creative activities of undergraduate students across Kentucky. Submissions are invited throughout the year from a variety of disciplines. The journal publishes annually.

  • Kentucky Undergraduate Journal for the Health Humanities (KUJHH) ‐ University of Kentucky KUJHH is an open-access journal in Kentucky that publishes expert-reviewed research, scholarship, and art of undergraduate students enrolled at any Kentucky institution. We define the health humanities as an interdisciplinary study that analyzes how humanistic disciplines (arts, literature, law, history, philosophy/ethics, etc.) inform or intersect with health care and health-related subjects. Applicable topics are essentially your field of interest + the humanities + a health subject(s)

Laridae is an interdisciplinary, undergraduate research journal, which showcases academic and creative works from Salisbury University’s undergraduate student body. The journal is aimed at providing aspiring scholars with a platform to showcase their work in a low-stakes environment, which encourages diversity of thought and risk-taking. Salisbury University works to foster an academic environment where students are empowered to develop critical thinking and chase ideas from inception to resolution. Laridae seeks to facilitate and further augment SU’s academic environment by offering a high-quality forum for the pursuit of knowledge.

Learning and Teaching (LATISS) is a peer-reviewed journal that uses the social sciences to reflect critically on learning and teaching in the changing context of higher education. The journal invites students and staff to explore their education practices in the light of changes in their institutions, national higher education policies, the strategies of international agencies and developments associated with the so-called international knowledge economy.

Live Ideas is the open-access, peer-reviewed undergraduate journal of Kansas State University’s Primary Texts Certificate program. It is co-produced by students and faculty at K-State and is published online once per semester.

LOGOS: A Journal of Undergraduate Research is dedicated to publishing outstanding work by undergraduates in every academic discipline, including original research, essays, creative writing, and artwork. Led by Honors College student editors and advised by a Faculty Advisory Board, LOGOS conforms to the highest standards of scholastic integrity in a blind peer-review process.The Editorial Board welcomes submissions from current and former undergraduate students and collaborative teams, particularly those engaged in departmental honors work, independent study, research assistance, or a competitive summer fellowship.

Lucerna is a peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary journal and UMKC’s only undergraduate research journal, publishing articles by students in the social sciences, sciences, and humanities. Established in 2005 by the UMKC Honors Program, Lucerna cultivates and showcases high-caliber scholarship from the entire UMKC undergraduate community.

Lucid is an annual journal of first-generation student writing published through the English Department’s Composition Program at UC Irvine.

The Madison Journal of Literary Criticism aims to provide a forum for undergraduate students to publish their scholarly work and engage in the contemporary literary debates ongoing in the larger academic community.

Mapping Politics is an annual peer-reviewed journal produced by students in the Political Science department at Memorial University in St. John’s, Newfoundland. We welcome submissions from Memorial students in all areas of political science including Newfoundland and Labrador politics, Canadian politics, international relations, media and politics, comparative politics, and political theory.

Metamorphosis features scholarly and creative work at COPLAC member institutions across the United States and Canada. The journal is interdisciplinary by design, highlighting work in the natural sciences, social sciences, humanities, arts and professional programs.

  • Michigan Journal of Political Science ‐ University of Michigan

The Midwest Journal of Undergraduate Research is an academic peer-reviewed journal, produced under the direction of student editors and a faculty advisory board. Founded in 2011, the MJUR is dedicated to the publication of outstanding scholarship by undergraduates. The journal accepts submissions of research and analysis from all academic disciplines. Although the majority of manuscripts are submitted by students from colleges and universities in the U.S. Midwest, there is no regional restriction on submissions. Acceptance rate averages 25%. Please visit the MJUR website for more information and instructions for manuscript submission.

The Made in Millersville Journal captures diverse and vibrant student projects presented at the annual Made in Millersville conference. It provides students with a unique learning opportunity as they share their research and creativity with a public audience through the publication process in a digital collection. The Journal enables the creation of multidisciplinary connections by publishing various disciplinary projects in one place to continue scholarly discussion after the Made in Millersville event.

The Missouri Journal of Mathematical Sciences (MJMS) publishes well-motivated original research articles as well as expository and survey articles of exceptional quality in mathematical sciences.

The MIT Undergraduate Research Journal (MURJ) is MIT’s only peer-reviewed scientific journal serving the undergraduate population.

Momentum advocates the presence of a diverse student population conducting independent studies. It serves as a platform to promote creativity, inquiry, and intellectual critique among undergraduates from all disciplines. Led by an Editorial Advisory Board, the journal conforms to the highest levels of academic honor by utilizing a blind review process that permits erudite submission from students across the disciplines. The journal’s ultimate goal is to publish scholarly research among a wide range of captivating themes. Momentum accepts perspectives, creative inquires, and quantitative and qualitative research at the undergraduate level. Please email the Momentum editorial board at [email protected].

The Mountaineer Undergraduate Research Review (MURR) is West Virginia University’s student-led and peer-reviewed undergraduate research journal. MURR showcases research and scholarship of students of all majors including humanities, arts, social sciences, and STEM disciplines. MURR is published each fall and spring in both online and print journals. MURR was originally established in 2009, and relaunched in fall 2020 with supervision provided by the institutional Office of Undergraduate Research and the WVU Honors College.

MSU SciReview is an annual publication of literature reviews submitted by Michigan State University students. This publication is open to all students at MSU. We operate as an academic club to further develop research and academic writing skills.

Mysterion is Boston College’s leading source of undergraduate theological scholarship. Though managed by Boston College students, Mysterion provides the opportunity for undergraduates around the world to contribute to theological discourse. Mysterion’s scope encompasses biblical studies, historical theology, comparative theology, systematic theology, and theological ethics. The journal also welcomes submissions that highlight the interdisciplinary nature of theological study and the many ways in which an undergraduate education raises important questions about God, self, and society. 

Publishes research from all disciplines. The research must have been conducted in the state of Nevada.

Seeking to develop the next generation of Americanists, New Errands’ mission is to provide a venue for the publication of important original scholarship by emerging young scholars and to provide a teaching resource for instructors of American Studies looking for exemplary work to use in the classroom. New Errands is jointly published by the Eastern American Studies Association and the American Studies Program at Penn State Harrisburg.

Noetica is a student-founded undergraduate research journal seeking to promote the highest level of erudition. Our motto, Eruditio Flumen Vivendi, or Knowledge is the Flow of Living, reflects our mission to uplift bright thinkers by providing them the opportunity to be recognized for their intellectual endeavors. Noetica encourages submissions of scholarly papers bridging the past and the present. We are affiliated with the interdisciplinary Medieval and Renaissance Studies Program at William & Mary.

The Northwestern Undergraduate Research Journal (NURJ) is a student-produced journal that showcases select research done by Northwestern undergraduates from a variety of academic backgrounds. We publish everything from research in mechanical engineering to anthropology to biological sciences to history. NURJ’s mission is to bring awareness to the Northwestern community about the outstanding research being accomplished by undergraduate students as well as the research opportunities available to Northwestern students.

Nota Bene is a journal of musicology developed by the Don Wright Faculty of Music at Western University Canada. It seeks to publish essays of a high critical and rhetorical standard, written by undergraduate students from universities around the world. Essays in historical musicology, ethnomusicology, popular music studies, music theory, music education, and interdisciplinary subjects with a focus on the above are invited. All submissions are double-blind reviewed by a panel of professors from across Canada. Questions can be submitted by e-mail.

Nýsa seeks to publish the best of undergraduate and student research from NKU. It provides an outlet for outstanding contributions from students in all fields, with special emphases on fields lacking in discipline-specific venues, research that spans several disciplines, and research that is smaller in scope but still tells a complete story.

The NYU American Public Policy Review (ISSN 2693-9797) is a biannual publication of scholarly articles from undergraduate and graduate students that propose bold, original ideas for change within local, state, or federal government in the United States. The journal is published by undergraduate students at New York University, and submissions are peer-reviewed by faculty with relevant expertise from institutions across the United States. Submissions are open to undergraduate and graduate students from any accredited higher education institution.

As Oberlin College’s alternative history journal, On Second Thought publishes innovative, accessible, and engaging historical content with the goal of reaching the Oberlin community and beyond.

MarSci is an inter-institutional venue for publishing undergraduate research manuscripts pertaining to the marine and aquatic sciences. Students interested in writing a manuscript based on their undergraduate research experience, as well as research advisors to undergraduates, should find MarSci to be the perfect opportunity for undergraduates to engage in the process of submission and publication, a unique learning experience that is not typically available to most undergraduate scientists.

Open Americas (OA) is a platform for sharing content that engages with contemporary social issues issues facing the Western Hemisphere. We advocate a diversity of thought through information, whether research, literature, reviews, or photographs. OA does not strictly adhere to any political or religious doctrine and encourages open, respectful debate and critical thought. We were founded by a group of female undergraduate and graduate students; we greatly value the undergraduate voice and seek submissions year-round.

Oshkosh Scholar is a faculty-reviewed undergraduate research journal published annually by University of Wisconsin Oshkosh’s Office of Student Research and Creativity.

The Oregon Undergraduate Research Journal (OUR Journal) is an open access undergraduate research journal at the University of Oregon. It showcases some of the best research and publications by UO undergraduate students.

PANDION: The Osprey Journal of Research and Ideas is an online and print journal featuring the results of faculty-mentored and faculty-endorsed student research from all colleges and majors at the University of North Florida.

Peer Review is an open-access, digital journal that publishes research-based articles and multimedia projects by current and recent undergraduates who participate in EUI-affiliated courses or students in non-EUI-related courses or programs of study whose research engages the university in a meaningful way.

The Penn Bioethics Journal is the nation’s premier peer-reviewed undergraduate bioethics journal. The journal was established in spring 2004 with the first issue published April 1, 2005, as part of the National Undergraduate Bioethics Conference hosted by Penn. The editorial board has included undergraduates from all four schools at the University of Pennsylvania with faculty advisors Jonathan D. Moreno, PhD, and Connie Ulrich, PhD, RN

The Penn Journal of Arts and Sciences (PJAS) is a vibrant platform for individuals all around the world to share their scholarly and creative pursuits. The diverse voices amplified by our journal showcase research findings, creative articles, poetry, reviews, and art. With contributors from all walks of life, PJAS aims to cultivate a community rich with intellectual curiosity. The Penn Journal of Arts and Sciences accepts submissions on a rolling basis, with our next issue published Fall 2024.

A student-run research publication at the University of Pennsylvania, the Penn Undergraduate Law Journal seeks to foster scholarly discourse on topical and historical issues pertaining to law or the legal system. In this spirit, the journal’s principal objective is to publish exceptional undergraduate works, drawn from an array of disciplinary perspectives, that evaluate and elucidate the intricacies, vagaries, and nuances of law as they relate to domestic and international affairs, business, academia, and society. PULJ aims to sustain and enrich a vibrant discussion about law at the undergraduate level because it recognizes that the student writers of today will be the leaders, lawyers, and scholars of tomorrow.

Perpetua is a journal that highlights the research performed at UAH by publishing peer-reviewed articles submitted by undergraduates.

Philologia is Greek for “scholarship, love of learning,” a title that embodies the objectives of the journal. The journal was created for the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences at Virginia Tech and accepts liberal arts research from all 13 Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) universities.It is an annually published, multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal.

The Philosophy, Politics, and Economics Review is an international undergraduate journal housed in the Kellogg Center for Philosophy, Politics, and Economics at Virginia Tech. The journal is dedicated to publishing original research in philosophy, politics, and economics and the humanities and social sciences more generally. The journal welcomes submissions from current or recent undergraduate students in PPE and related fields worldwide.

The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics (ISSN: 1556-2034) was founded in the spring of 2001 by the Delta Omega Chapter of Pi Sigma Alpha at Purdue University, under the name The American Undergraduate Journal of Politics and Government. With the sponsorship of Pi Sigma Alpha, the National Political Science Honor Society, the name of the Journal was changed to The Pi Sigma Alpha Undergraduate Journal of Politics beginning with the Fall 2004 issue. From July 2007 until July 2010 the Journal was based at the Zeta Upsilon Chapter at Union College, and in August 2010 moved to the Eta Rho Chapter at the College of William & Mary. In August 2013, the Nu Omega Chapter at Oakland University began hosting the Journal for a three year term!

Process: Journal of Multidisciplinary Undergraduate Scholarship provides a space for undergraduate writers to share their work outside of the context and constraints of the college classroom. Each issue of Process centers on a topic of contemporary interest to a global audience, fostering critical conversations that transverse disciplinary, cultural, and national borders. We believe that undergraduate writing deserves serious attention, and hope to encourage writers to begin forging new pathways for the future of academic and public scholarship.

The Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research educates, supports, and promotes professional development, and disseminates psychological science. Psi Chi is the International Honor Society in Psychology.

The Psi Beta Journal of Research (PBJR) is a national, independent, peer-reviewed student research journal established in 2021. Our mission is to peer-review, publish, and index scholarly manuscripts that describe psychological research conducted by undergraduates. We assign a unique, permanent DOI to every article.

  • PSUR: Political Science Undergraduate Review ‐ University of Alberta The Political Science Undergraduate Review (PSUR) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes scholarly work done by University of Alberta undergraduates in the field of political science. Our mission is to give students the opportunity to publish some of their written work — a useful asset when applying to grad school or future job opportunities.

PURSUE: Undergraduate Research Journal – Prairie View A & M University As a scholarly journal, “PURSUE: Undergraduate Research Journal” seeks to provide undergraduates with an avenue to publish their original research articles. The original research articles included in this journal are peer-reviewed and selected by the journal’s Editorial Board. The journal is housed at Prairie View A&M University, an Historically Black University, and is available to all young scientists conducting research. This journal also serves as a means for faculty to extend knowledge beyond the classroom and encourage other students to conduct quality research. All undergraduate research is produced in conjunction with a faculty mentor and is peer reviewed. The journal is open to all undergraduates.

Pursuit: The Journal of Undergraduate Research was founded in 2009. Pursuit is dedicated to publishing the scholarly work of undergraduates and is supported by the University of Tennessee Office of Research and the Chancellor’s Honors Program. The editors and review board are undergraduate students who consider and review submissions and work with select faculty and staff to publish Pursuit. All submissions must be double spaced and must be no longer than 30 pages (for Humanities and Social Sciences papers) or 15 pages (for Science and Engineering papers). Please use endnotes instead of footnotes. Submissions in the Sciences and Engineering fields should be written in the third person and should contain the following categories: abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion/conclusions, references.

We seek thought-provoking pieces from any disciplinary perspective that explore questions and problems related to writing, rhetoric, reading, literacy broadly conceived, popular culture and media, community discourses, and multimodal and digital composing. We expect that the work will be informed by critical conversations relevant to the topic–that is, composers should incorporate timely, pertinent research to support claims. In addition, we welcome projects that experiment with form, voice, style, and delivery.

QUEST (or Queens University of Charlotte Explorations in Science and Technology) Journal is a by-students, for students, undergraduate science research journal. Students at Queens University of Charlotte act as the editorial board, accept submissions, solicit peer reviewers from outside the institution, and publish the journal online. We accept all forms of science so long as the authors are willing to publish in the generalized format of introduction, methods, results, discussion. Data must be collected in a robust, scientific, way.

Re:Search: The Undergraduate Literary Criticism Journal at UIUC is an undergraduate produced, peer-reviewed online journal designed to annually publish works exclusively by undergraduate students. It seeks to create a venue for undergraduate students to showcase and publish literary criticism within a greater academic discourse while nurturing a collaborative community between faculty, administration, and undergraduate students.

ReCUR is an annual publication of the Michigan State University Honors College that highlights the diversity and quality of its students’ research and creative endeavors.

Reinvention: a Journal of Undergraduate Research is a new, online, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to the publication of high-quality undergraduate student research. The journal welcomes academic articles from all disciplinary areas. All articles in this journal undergo rigorous peer review, based on initial editor screening and refereeing by two anonymous referees. The journal is produced, edited, and managed by students and staff at Monash University and the University of Warwick. It is published biannually and only houses papers written by undergraduate students.

Reuleaux is a peer-edited magazine produced by and for students at the Colorado School of Mines.This magazine gives undergraduate researchers a platform by which they may publish engaging narrative descriptions of their research — in the physical sciences or otherwise — that are approachable to a large audience.

RhetTech—founded at James Madison University by the School of Writing, Rhetoric, and Technical Communication in 2017—is a revamp of JMU’s longtime online journal for work generated in university writing courses. RhetTech showcases exemplary work being done in undergraduate writing, rhetoric, and technical communication courses around the country. This journal is run by young scholars in JMU’s School of Writing, Rhetoric and Technical Communication. The name ‘RhetTech’ refers to the genres of works accepted by the journal: ‘Rhet’ refers to Rhetoric, and ‘Tech’ refers to Technical Communication. We accept a variety of content, including: text-based essays, videos, podcasts, photo essays, reviews, websites, blogs, and many more. We encourage student writers to utilize all of the tools at their disposal to communicate the messages they wish to share with readers.

The Rice Historical Review is a student-run, open access journal published online and in print. It features outstanding historically focused papers written by Rice undergraduates.

Righting Wrongs: A Journal of Human Rights is a peer-reviewed academic journal that provides space for students to explore human rights issues, challenge current actions and frameworks, and engage in problem-solving aimed at tackling some of the world’s most pressing issues.

The Rollins Undergraduate Research Journal is an online, peer-reviewed journal.

The Rose-Hulman Undergraduate Mathematics Journal is devoted entirely to papers written by undergraduates on topics related to mathematics. Although the authors need not be undergraduates at the time of submission or publication, the work must have been completed before graduation.

The Roshan Undergraduate Persian Studies Journal is a project initiated by the Roshan Undergraduate Ambassadors as part of University of Maryland’s Persian Studies program.

A faculty-refereed journal devoted to the publication of high quality research by undergraduates worldwide in all research problem areas including, but not limited to, those described in the USDA, CSREES Manual of Classification of Agricultural and Forestry Research. Maintained at the Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Articles by graduate students will be considered if the work has been completed as undergraduates. Articles are instantly issued upon acceptanc

Saltman Quarterly is an undergraduate research journal and science communication program hosted by UCSD’s Division of Biology. The student-run organization gives undergraduates an opportunity to get their original biology research and review papers published in a professional journal. The organization also allows undergraduates to get involved in local science literacy initiatives and improve their own science communication.

a biannual, openly licensed, online journal dedicated to publishing the work of San Diego community college students.

The Say Something Theological journal is published by the Department for Theological Studies at Loyola Marymount University and is student-led. It provides a platform for students’ work to be published and their voices heard and shared within the greater community.

Scientia, established in 2014, is Baylor University’s undergraduate research journal in science and technology. Scientia is a peer-reviewed journal and publishes original research, review articles, and abstracts written by Baylor undergraduates. With a new issue released each spring, Scientia highlights the research done by undergraduates in that year.

Scientific Terrapin, the University of Maryland’s undergraduate research journal, publishes original student research in applied sciences, natural sciences, and social sciences.

SIURO is devoted to undergraduate research in applied and computational mathematics. The wide range of applied topics published include analysis, discrete mathematics, statistics, operations research, optimization, dynamical systems, modeling, computation, and more.

  • Simpliciter: Brandeis Philosophy Journal ‐ Brandeis University Simpliciter is an undergraduate journal of philosophy at Brandeis University located in Waltham, Massachusetts. We aim to recognize excellent works of philosophy produced by undergraduates, and publish writings that make novel contributions to fields across a variety of philosophical traditions. While our journal is necessarily selective, a larger number of submitting authors may be accepted to speak at our conference about their papers.

The SMU Journal of Undergraduate Research (JoUR) is a double-blind, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to publishing the finest accomplishments of SMU student researchers. The SMU JoUR showcases the diverse research and scholarship performed by SMU undergraduate students and their faculty mentors.

Social Moments: A Student Journal of Social Relations is a free, online, interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal examining the social and cultural world through a social science lens. Relevant disciplines include, but are not limited to: sociology, criminology/criminal justice, women/gender studies, sexuality, political science, social psychology, cultural/social anthropology, and cultural/social geography.

Social Science Text and Academic Research (STAR) is a journal that highlights the scholarship and publishes the findings of undergraduate student research in the social sciences at two-year institutions. STAR is open to all students at any two-year institution of higher learning.

Sociology between the Gaps (SBG) publishes high-quality, original articles including research notes, critical essays, and review papers which fall into subfields in sociological work that may be viewed by some as outside mainstream sociological topics; hence the full journal title: Sociology between the Gaps: Forgotten and Neglected Topics. The journal also aims to reflect the intersections of social class, race, gender, age, and cross-disciplinary views by encouraging sociologists and professionals in related fields to submit work on topics that cross disciplinary boundaries and/or areas of specialization but effectively link disciplines to provide a multi-disciplinary perspective on the topics addressed. The Editorial Board encourages original, unpublished papers in the field of sociology written by undergraduate or graduate students to be submitted to SBG. High-quality, well-written student papers may be submitted either by the author(s) of the paper or by the faculty advisor/mentor of students who are currently enrolled in the pursuit of an undergraduate or graduate degree. The submitted work should be reviewed by the student’s faculty mentor for whom the paper was written before it is sent to the Editor-in-Chief of SBG. Student submitters are NOT required to be sociology majors.

Student Perspectives About Civic Engagement (SPACE) is an online journal hosted by a consortium of Chicago area universities. We hope to draw out the voice of university students in metropolitan settings who wrestle with the challenges and the opportunities that the city and surrounding environs present to us through service-learning opportunities. We welcome manuscripts from undergraduate and graduate students who have had a robust civic engagement experience, including service-learning, and want to further explore the meaning of the experience through research and writing.

Spectra is a biannual (i.e., fall and spring issues), peer-reviewed, multidisciplinary, open-access journal primarily dedicated to the publication of undergraduate student research at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. If and when possible, Spectra also publishes well-qualified undergraduate research from other institutions.

Spectrum is a student-run, interdisciplinary journal that strives to publish diverse and engaging research completed by undergraduate students within and across the areas of health sciences, natural sciences and engineering, social sciences, arts and humanities. English-language submissions are welcome from undergraduate students at any postsecondary institution. Spectrum is managed by the Undergraduate Research Initiative at the University of Alberta (www.uri.ualberta.ca)

Splice, the Undergraduate Research Journal of the SDSU College of Arts and Letters, is an anthology of peer-reviewed publications produced by undergraduate students in the College of Arts and Letters at San Diego State University. Splice is edited by a multi-disciplinary board of undergraduate/graduate students and faculty advisors from the College of Arts and Letters. The journal is initiated, organized and directed by students, for students.

Spora: A Journal of Biomathematics, a nexus of undergraduate research, is dedicated to further the field of biomathematics and the development of future scientists in mathematical biology. Spora is fully refereed and published both online and in-print.

Sprinkle: An Undergraduate Journal of Feminist and Queer Studies is a peer-reviewed journal devoted to the diverse voices of emerging scholar-activists, authors, and artists in women’s, gender and queer studies, and related fields of inquiry. First established at McGill University in 2007, Sprinkle has been published annually at Cal Poly San Luis Obispo since 2013 and welcomes submissions from around the world.

Stance is an international philosophy journal published by Ball State University undergraduates. [ISSN 1943-1899] Beyond publishing manuscripts, we train an international external reviewer board. Stance is listed in The Philosopher’s Index. All manuscript authors receive constructive feedback. 8% acceptance rate.

The Stanford Undergraduate Research Journal (SURJ) is an annual peer-reviewed publication of research articles written primarily by Stanford undergraduates, but also by well-qualified students at other institutions, from all academic fields.

Student Spotlight is an independent publishing platform designed to highlight the high-quality works and ideas produced during the course of undergraduate studies. Most undergraduate works require significant reworking to be suitable for publication in academic journals, and as a result many of the unique perspectives and ideas produced in these works never reach further than the course instructor. Student Spotlight aims to make sharing these ideas more accessible by lowering the barriers of entry and allowing students to showcase their strongest papers and essays in a medium closer to the original formatting. We are an interdisciplinary platform and invite publications from students on all topics across the Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities fields.

Swarthmore Undergraduate History Journal is a peer-reviewed, faculty-approved, student run research publication that seeks to encourage undergraduate scholarship on diverse subjects. We uphold publishing ethics and are committed to the integrity of academic research. This journal is also specifically inclusive of historical narratives often overlooked in mainstream scholarship, and allows for the submission of interdisciplinary articles so long as the focus remains historical.

Tenor of Our Times was founded in 2012 and is an annual journal publishing the best work of current undergraduate students on any historical and social science topic. The journal title originates with former History department chairman, Raymond Muncy, who often said, “Historians reflect the tenor of their times.” The journal is jointly produced by the Eta Phi chapter of Phi Alpha Theta and the History and Political Science department of Harding University.

Texas Philosophical is an online, open access, double-blind, peer-reviewed journal sponsored by Texas State University. The journal publishes annually and accepts submissions from any and all philosophy and ethics related topics.

Every year Texas State Publishes an Undergraduate Research Journal. Use the link to submit your research for publication!

Tezhib is Habib University’s first Research Journal that aims to contribute to the existing body of knowledge through the academic contributions of its students. By archiving the innovative and analytical works of undergraduate students from the humanities, development, epistemology to philosophy, religious studies, technology, literature and language, Tezhib aspires to motivate undergraduate students towards research and inquiry by providing them with an opportunity to publish their work.

The Aggie Transcript is a forum for students to discuss and exchange their perspectives on science and its role in society. We provide a publishing venue for students to display their expertise and to share what they have learned in their classes. Our journal represents an inclusive and accessible form of expression for students to submit pieces of original writing, news, and art related to the life sciences.

The Bell Tower journal will publish work by Hope College undergraduate students that demonstrates the intersection of Christianity and learning across the academic disciplines.

The Classic Journal promotes the extraordinary achievements in writing and research by undergraduates in the Writing Intensive Program (WIP) at the University of Georgia. The Classic Journal is a cross-disciplinary publication, fostering a community of diverse writers throughout the arts, humanities, and sciences.

The Contemporary is a student-run startup publication based at Trinity University that empowers collegiate journalists nationwide to report on critical issues in their communities.

The Corinthian is a scholarly journal published by the Ina Dillard Russell Library at Georgia College & State University. This collection of research recognizes student achievement by providing publishing opportunities for undergraduate and graduate Georgia College students.

The title of our student research journal references the architectural feature that tops Trible Library, thus honoring Cupola authors as the preeminent student researchers at Christopher Newport.

In support of its mission, Christopher Newport University’s Office of Research and Creative Activity honors and promotes outstanding CNU student research papers and posters.

The Dialectics is an electronic journal devoted to undergraduate scholarship and discourse. The journal welcomes high-quality essays on issues of public importance.

The General is a peer-reviewed undergraduate academic journal based at Brock University. It serves as a scholarly forum for undergraduate students in history at Brock to engage in critical discourse with a range of intellectual and public debates through historical inquiry.

The Gettysburg College Journal of the Civil War Era annually publishes undergraduate papers on the Civil War era and its lasting memory. We are interested in academic essays, public history essays, and book reviews broadly relating to the American Civil War.

The Gettysburg Historical Journal features original undergraduate student research and essays. It is produced by students at Gettysburg College and published annually. While the Gettysburg Historical Journal focuses on research in the field of history, we publish and encourage submissions from other disciplines that utilize historical viewpoints or methodologies, including sociology, anthropology, and classics.

The Globe is the only Undergraduate Journal in International Affairs at the George Washington University (GW). Jointly sponsored by the International Affairs Society (IAS) and the Elliott School of International Affairs, The Globe publishes an annual issue every Spring Semester to showcase the ideas, perspectives, and research of students interested in Security, Human Rights, Development, and other sub-fields of IA.

A showcase of STEM research done by the students of Hampden-Sydney College along with feature writing centering around a topic selected by the student editorial board and news updates from the H-SC STEM departments.

  • The Harvard Undergraduate Research Journal ‐ Harvard University

A nationally competitive interdisciplinary journal seeking illuminating, insightful, and contemporary research at the undergraduate level. Students need not be members of Honors Programs to submit papers. The primary goal is to give all undergraduates the opportunity to participate in scholarly conversations within their disciplines and to expose them to the dialogue that occurs between a journal and a contributor in editing an article for publication. The Honors Review will provide its authors with the unique chance to receive prompt and personal feedback during the editing process through the use of private online discussion forums

The Interdependent is committed to exploring the global commons across the sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Its mission is to foster multidisciplinary research and discussion on global interdependence and cross-cultural encounters, and to encourage global empathy. It publishes third-year global travel reflections, as well as shortened fourth-year theses and creative works across all concentrations in NYU’s Global Liberal Studies program.

The International Journal of Law, Ethics, and Technology is designed to understand all matters relating to the law. While the Journal emphasizes theoretical work and broad issues arising from law to technology, no topic of legal interest and no approach to scholarship is excluded. The peer-reviewed Journal welcomes outstanding original doctrinal and critical scholarship contributions to domestic and international law and comparative law as well as legal history and legal philosophy. In addition, we welcome interdisciplinary contributions in areas of relevance to the law and, in particular, work that uses the techniques of the social sciences and the humanities to contribute to understanding legal studies. In terms of its substance, this Journal combines domestic, international, and comparative law. Indeed we view the Journal as a context where these three subjects traditionally defined as distinct fields can enter into a productive dialogue about current changes in the world and be open to the work of all scholars wherever they may be. We partner with HeinOnline, a premier online research platform making our content available to global law school/research university libraries. The International Journal of Law, Ethics, and Technology is a quarterly publication. Title: The International Journal of Law, Ethics, and Technology cited as Int’l J. L. Ethics Tech. ISSN 2769-7150(Online) | 2769-7142(Print) DOI prefix: 10.55574 Publisher: La Nouvelle Jeunesse The International Journal of Law, Ethics, and Technology’s scholarship is made possible by funding from La Nouvelle Jeunesse. Email: [email protected]

The Journal of Undergraduate Research publishes original scholarly research by undergraduate students at South Dakota State University. The journal publishes Research Articles and Abstracts. Submission is open to all undergraduate students and recent graduates of South Dakota State University.

The Kennesaw Tower is an undergraduate research journal affiliated with and based in the Department of Foreign Languages at Kennesaw State University. Our mission is the diffusion and participation of quality, undergraduate research projects in Chinese, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish into the regional, national and international arena through an on-line medium.

The Measure: A Journal of Undergraduate Research is a refereed journal dedicated to publishing undergraduate research from courses in the College of Humanities and Social Sciences at Sam Houston State University. Students enrolled in a CHSS course during the academic year are eligible to submit their work for publication consideration, whether or not they are majoring in one of the disciplines in the college. The Measure is guided by these central principles: undergraduate research is a vital component of higher education; students enhance their education when they engage in original research to make an intellectual contribution to the discipline; research shared with a broader audience enhances learning outcomes; and faculty members contribute to society when they involve undergraduates in research opportunities.

The Mercury: The Student Art & Literary Magazine of Gettysburg College has been published annually since 1894. All students of the College are invited to participate and submit their work. Student editors are elected annually by the entire staff. The Mercury accepts submissions of fiction, nonfiction, poetry, artwork, and photography.

The Midway Review is a journal of essays published in print and online three times a year at the University of Chicago. Founded in 2005 as a forum for political, cultural, and literary exchange across political and disciplinary boundaries, the Review seeks to publish readable, polished essays on all topics that would engage a general intellectual audience. We also publish book, film, music, and television reviews, as well as interviews. We do not publish academic papers unless they have been revised into essays—the first-person form of something you might read in Harper’s or The New Yorker. We accept work from students, alumni, and faculty at all colleges and universities. We consider submissions each year in October, January, and April.

The mission of The Mirror is to provide undergraduate students at UConn with a platform to showcase their work and educate the community on sociological issues. The journal strives to expose students to the process of publication and assist them in reaching their full potential while pushing them to engage with critical thinking, creativity, intersectionality, and their sociological imagination.

The Morningside Review is an online journal published by Undergraduate Writing Program at Columbia University. It features exemplary essays written by first-year undergraduates in the Core Curriculum course, University Writing. Hundreds of students voluntarily submit their essays to TMR for possible publication and approximately ten are chosen each year by an editorial advisory board made up of University Writing instructors. Since these essays serve as vivid examples of peer work, they are commonly assigned in University Writing. Students may be prompted by their instructors to identify the rhetorical strategies employed in an essay, contemplate their effectiveness, and attempt to emulate those they admire in their own work. Thus, Columbia University students may make their imprint on University Writing long after they have completed the course.

College and high school students wishing to submit brief articles should first visit this page, http://northstarreports.org/write-for-us/. We accept articles 2 pages or shorter concerning all aspects pertaining to global and historical connections.

The Oak Leaf: LSUA’s Undergraduate Journal of Teaching and Research (UJTR) is an open-access, peer-reviewed journal designed to acknowledge the achievements of LSUA undergraduates in all areas of teaching and research. While undergraduate teaching and research are the main focus, research from faculty members is also encouraged for submission. While we primarily accept publications within the LSUA community, we also welcome submissions outside of LSUA.

An International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Criticism in the Discipline of English

The Owl is an interdisciplinary journal that publishes a variety of undergraduate research at Florida State University, as well as creative projects such as artwork, photography, poetry, and creative writing. It promotes an interdisciplinary exchange of ideas, showcases the heterogeneity of our emerging scholars, and establishes undergraduate research as a focus of Florida State’s academic community.

The Politic is a quarterly magazine that strives to inform the greater Yale community about the most important local, national, and global political happenings.

The Rock Creek Review is an undergraduate academic journal edited, produced, and published by students at Heidelberg University in partnership with the English Department. This journal will solicit literary research from schools around the world for an annual publication every spring.

The Saber and Scroll Journal is published quarterly and welcomes submissions from independent scholars, graduate, and undergraduate students, as well as alumni from any institution. The Journal will consider submissions on any history or military history topic. Also welcomed are book reviews and exhibit/museum reviews as well as web-site reviews.

  • The West Point Journal of Politics and Security ‐ United States Miliitary Academy The West Point Journal of Politics and Security is an undergraduate journal based in the Department of Social Sciences at the U.S. Military Academy. Published annually online, it aims to be the premiere publication in the United States for undergraduate research on topics germane to U.S. and international political and security interests, showcasing research primarily situated in political science and security studies, and extending into economics, history, sociology, and area studies.

Launched in Fall 2019, The Word is a student hiphop research journal that aims to embody the founding spirit and purpose of hiphop: providing a mode of creative expression and voice to marginalized communities, inspiring activism, and making a way outta no way.

The Yale Review of Undergraduate Research in Psychology is an annual journal that showcases the best and most original research in psychology conducted by undergraduates from around the world. They publish research in all areas of psychology, including clinical, developmental, cognitive, and social psychology. Their goal is to contribute to the scientific advance by encouraging serious, quality research early in students’ academic careers. We provide a platform for undergraduate scientists to share their findings, and aim to bring together a community of young psychologists from both the United States and abroad.

Tolle Lege is a student journal of theology and philosophy published annually at the end of the fall semester. Essays written by any student of the university on any topic in theology or philosophy are considered for publication, although preference is given to undergraduates.

Established in 1967, the Towson University Journal of International Affairs is the oldest undergraduate-run journal of IA. The purpose of the TJIA is to explore the international implications and potential solutions to a range of problems and phenomena across the field. We urge undergraduate students, graduate students, and professionals to submit papers that delve into the topic. We are a forum for intellectual and scholarly development. We provide thorough feedback and consultation throughout the submission process. TJIA staff members will work closely with the author in order to produce the highest level of scholarly work possible.

Since 2001, TuftScope: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Health, Ethics, & Policy has provided an academic forum for discussion of pertinent health care and biosocial issues in today’s world. The journal addresses different aspects of health care, bioethics, public health, policy, and active citizenship. It is operated and edited by undergraduate students of Tufts University and is advised by an Editorial Board composed of Tufts undergraduates and faculty. New issues are released biannually in print and online versions.

U-Lingua is a quarterly magazine published by ULAB. It contains articles from the world of linguistics ranging from new and current research that’s being carried out to interviews with people working in various linguistics-related jobs. It welcomes writers from any education or employment status, with any ideas suitable for the magazine.

CLUJ provides undergraduate students around the world the opportunity to publish and share their research with an international audience. The Journal was founded by a comparative literature undergraduate student in 2011 and has since been recognized as a premier undergraduate journal featuring top peer-reviewed, undergraduate research in comparative literature. We invite abstracts from those working in, around, or critically engaging with topics in literature from a comparative nature, broadly construed. Possible topics include interdisciplinary research across disciplines within the arts and sciences (e.g., literature and philosophy, literature and history, literature and science, and literature and new media); research engaging with literary theory and ‘schools of criticism’ (e.g., gender studies and queer theory, postmodernism, cultural studies, Frankfurt School and critical theory, structuralism and semiotics, psychoanalysis, animal studies, and posthumanism); and articles comparing at least two authors or texts, print, and/or media.

The University of California Riverside Undergraduate Research Journal provides a student-edited multi-disciplinary journal that features the very best faculty-mentored undergraduate research and scholarship accomplished on our campus. This peer review process is managed by the Student Editorial Board (SEB) with guidance from the Faculty Advisory Board (FAB), and logistic support from Undergraduate Education’s Educational Initiatives. The Journal is sponsored by the Vice Provost for Undergraduate Education.

The University of Central Florida Undergraduate Research Journal is a peer-reviewed undergraduate journal published online. Its mission is to showcase articles of exemplary works from a wide range of student scholarship in all fields.The journal seeks outstanding research submitted by undergraduate UCF students who have been involved in faculty-mentored research projects and activities related to scholarship.

The UCLA Undergraduate Science Journal (USJ) is a student-run academic journal showcasing original research and review articles submitted by undergraduate authors.

Since 2001, the Undergraduate Journal of Experimental Microbiology & Immunology (UJEMI) has published original research conducted by undergraduates at the University of British Columbia. In 2015, UJEMI was expanded to UJEMI+, and international, peer-reviewed journal dedicated to enhancing undergraduate learning and experiences by providing thorough and constructive reviews from experts in the fields of microbiology and immunology.

Founded in 2020, Ukweli – The Howard University Undergraduate Research Journal is housed within the College of Arts and Sciences, supported by the Office of Honors and Scholar Development, and the Office of Research, Ukweli is a student-led, faculty-supported, biannual publication. Ukweli seeks to publish the highest-quality academic writing from Howard University undergraduate students.

This annual journal is dedicated to the publication of outstanding faculty-mentored research conducted by current undergraduate students at UNC-Chapel Hill. Research in the disciplines of natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities is published.

The Undergraduate Economic Review is an online peer-reviewed journal that promotes undergraduate economic research from around the world.

Welcome to the Virginia Tech Undergraduate Historical Review, where we publish the best undergraduate original historical research! VTUHR adds to historical scholarship by publishing original historical research conducted by undergraduates. Our articles contribute to the scholarly conversations that surround their topics and add fresh perspectives from a new generation of scholars. The mission of the journal is to publish outstanding original historical research while providing undergraduate editors and authors the chance to learn about the publishing experience.

The Undergraduate Journal of Contemporary Issues and Media examines issues that are relevant across global contexts, though some may be uniquely identified and experienced by individuals and groups. The online journal publishes a wide range of media/texts showcasing different perspectives and ideas. The journal is edited by student editors and is published annually in January or February. Papers are due the January preceding publication, with the CFP released annually in September.

With the help of Fairfield University’s International Studies Program, four undergraduate students established the Undergraduate Journal of Global Citizenship in 2010. The journal was part of an AAC&U Bringing Theory to Practice grant to promote responsible global citizenship and student development. The journal is designed to highlight the accomplishments of young minds in constant intellectual engagement with their surroundings. The Undergraduate Journal of Global Citizenship honors the work of undergraduates from diverse academic backgrounds, united by their dedication to global citizenship and social responsibility, in line with the Jesuit values of the university. Welcomed are undergraduate submissions that showcase and promote the understanding of global citizenship and social responsibility. We view global citizenship as a disengagement from barriers into a recognition and understanding of human actions with social, political, environmental, and/or economic impact worldwide. A sense of community, not only with our direct neighbors but also with societies and lives around the globe, makes a socially responsible individual.

The journal offers a space for undergraduates to share original research and other scholarly works of history. The journal is interested in historical content on any and all facets of the collective past.

The Undergraduate Journal of Humanistic Studies (UJHS) is a peer-reviewed academic journal that promotes undergraduate research in the humanities and social sciences at Carleton College. Our goal is to present papers that bring to light new narratives and fresh points of view. Highlighting work that challenges dominant perspectives, the UJHS serves as a forum for contributors and readers to reconsider their position within the context of their society. In the spirit of the liberal arts, the UJHS is a multidisciplinary journal that accepts submissions from a broad range of subjects, demonstrating how student research can contribute to a variety of fields.

The Undergraduate Journal of Psychology at Berkeley is an annual publication that allows undergraduate students who have completed scientific studies in psychology and psychology-related fields to publish their findings to the larger academic community, promoting further and more excellent undergraduate research. UJPB accepts and reviews submissions from all psychology-related fields, including psychology, neuroscience, cognitive science, and linguistics, as long as the papers are the original work of undergraduate students.

The Undergraduate Journal of Service Learning and Community-Based Research adds to the increasing number of scholarly journals that invite undergraduates to pursue their own intellectual projects. We seek undergraduate contributions to the burgeoning academic conversation on service learning and community-based research. The Undergraduate Journal of Service Learning and Community-Based Research is open to undergraduate students in the U.S. and across the globe in all subject areas. All submissions will undergo a rigorous review process.

The URNCST [pronounced “earnest”] Journal is an independent research journal based in Toronto, Canada that accepts research article submissions from undergraduate students all over the world. The URNCST Journal was created to provide dedicated undergraduate researchers with a cost-effective and meaningful platform to showcase their research findings, and prides itself on 8 defining characteristics: open access; peer-reviewed; rapid turnaround time; international; broad and multidisciplinary; indexed; innovative; and social media promoted. Furthermore, the URNCST Journal is unique among undergraduate research journals issuing all published articles a digital object identifier made possible through our CrossRef membership. To learn more and submit YOUR article, please visit https://www.urncst.com!

Undergraduate Research is a national double-blind, educator-reviewed print and electronic journal published annually in the winter. The journal is a forum for multidisciplinary undergraduate research and creative endeavors within higher education such as case studies, conceptual pieces, creative endeavors, creative writing, journalism writings, literature reviews, original art, photography, and scientific studies.

The Illinois Tech Undergraduate Research Journal is a student led peer reviewed scientific journal published by undergraduates. The Journal highlights and promotes a wide range of undergraduate student research throughout campus, from law to mechanical engineering to biochemistry to psychology. It also provides a forum of interdisciplinary discussion on topics involving the latest advancements, the most controversial debates, and the most intriguing questions.

The Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences (UJRHS) is a national, peer reviewed scholarly journal publishing undergraduate articles related to the human sciences including: Exercise Science, Family & Consumer Sciences, Food Science and Human Nutrition, Health Sciences, Human and Child Development, Interior Design, Personal and Family Financial Planning, Textiles and Apparel, and Educator training in these fields.

  • Undergraduate Research Journal of Psychology at UCLA  ‐ UCLA

The IIT Undergraduate Research Journal is a student-led, peer-reviewed, scientific journal published by undergraduates for undergraduates and the IIT academic community at large.

Re-established in 2022, the University of Chicago Undergraduate Law Magazine, or ULM, is the College’s premier legal publication. ULM offers itself as a collaborative and educational pre-professional community welcoming students across all disciplines to explore law’s ubiquitous applications within life and society.

Student-run, nontechnical research journal. Our mission is to build connections among undergraduate, graduate students, and the public, as well as among the different academic disciplines, through the publication of nontechnical articles in all fields of research.

The University of North Carolina at Charlotte Undergraduate Research Journal is an open-access and peer-reviewed journal of scholarly work conducted by undergraduate students. The goals of this journal are to (1) provide a platform through which undergraduate students who conduct novel research at UNC Charlotte may publish their work, (2) allow students on the review board to experience the peer review process, and (3) share research that is conducted at UNC Charlotte with the Charlotte community and beyond.

UReCA, the NCHC Web journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity, is seeking submissions from all currently enrolled undergraduate students.

The American University in Cairo’s Undergraduate Research Journal (URJe) is an open access multi-disciplinary, refereed annual publication for undergraduate research and creative works. It is managed and published jointly by the Office for Undergraduate Research and the Main Library at the American University in Cairo.

Welcome to the UTPB Journal of Undergraduate Research. With this journal we hope to share our students’ research with the campus, region, nation, and wider global community. We publish not only abstracts of posters and presentations from our undergraduate research day, but also the actual posters, presentation slides, and full-length papers resulting from our students’ research. We look forward to beginning a fruitful conversation based on research and scholarship in all disciplines done by the undergraduate students of the University of Texas Permian Basin.Aim: The aim of the UTPB Journal of Undergraduate Research is to share the best research occurring at the undergraduate level at the University of Texas of the Permian Basin with the global community. The UTPB Journal of Undergraduate Research is an interdisciplinary peer-reviewed journal covering undergraduate research in the physical and social sciences, arts, and humanities.

The UWill Discover Journal publishes award-winning presentations from the University of Windsor UWill Discover project where there were more than 160 student presentations from all University of Windsor faculties. The 2023 UWill Discover Sustainable Futures theme creates awareness about the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The conference was funded in part by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada.

Undergraduate, professional, and graduate students: Share and reflect critically on your community/civic engagement experiences and disseminate the knowledge emerging from your practice or even research.

The journal publishes reflection essays, profiles of engagement practice, research studies (quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods), and reviews of current literature, all with guidance and mentorship from engaged faculty and staff.

The Vanderbilt Historical Review (VHR) is the first and only journal of history at Vanderbilt. The publication seeks to show the importance of studying the past through its semiannual publication of historical research. Topics may cover a wide range of disciplines, including economics, politics, anthropology, and more. The editorial board leads a blind review process in which historically accurate, interesting, and creative articles are critiqued. Undergraduate students at any university are encouraged to submit their work. The journal provides a forum of academic debate over relevant historical questions.

The Vassar College Journal of Philosophy is a student-run publication supported by the Philosophy Department of Vassar College. Dedicated to both quality and accessibility, it seeks to give undergraduate students from all disciplines a platform to express and discuss philosophical ideas. The Journal is published once a year, in the spring, both in print and online.

Veritas: Villanova Research Journal (VVRJ) is the University’s peer-reviewed undergraduate research journal. VVRJ promotes investigation and discovery, the peer review process, and the work of Villanova students and their faculty mentors by publishing scholarly work across all fields of study.

The journal publishes student research that meets its standards, is authored by Villanova undergraduates or recent graduates, and promotes the pursuit of truth.

The Virginia Journal of Gender Studies is the only undergraduate research publication in the United States dedicated to feminist and queer scholarship. The journal was founded to provide opportunities for undergraduate students to contribute their research to the field of women, gender, and sexuality studies, as well as to increase access to academic publishing.

Simon Fraser University

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Scholarly Publishing and Open Access blog

The latest news and answers to your questions about scholarly publishing and open access.

How can I publish an academic article as an undergraduate student?

Choosing where to submit your work as an undergrad.

As a researcher, where you submit will really depend on the details of the submission and where it best fits, as well as where you're likely to be successful at this point in your career. Journals will often consider any original research and will assess it based on the novelty and contribution to the field of research. However, there are a few steps you can take to increase your chances of being successful in getting your work published at this stage.

  • Check out our post on Getting Published: Tips for choosing an academic journal for general suggestions about journal publishing, including where to look for possible journals and options for making your work open access.
  • Check the journals' rejection rates. Journals with very high rejection rates may be more challenging to publish in as a student, simply because they accept fewer articles.
  • Consider whether you can work with a faculty member to co-author the paper that you submit.
  • Do some research to find out where other undergraduate students in your department have been successful in getting published.

Journals dedicated to publishing undergraduate research

More information about undergraduate publishing.

Visit the following resources to learn more about Scholarly Publishing, and contact your liaison librarian or [email protected] for additional support.

  • Scholarly Publishing and Open Access webpages
  • Introduction to Scholarly Publishing at SFU - Canvas Course
  • Attend a Research Commons publishing workshop, such as the Publishing Symposium (while the Research Commons workshops are primarily offered to graduate students, undergraduate students interested in publishing are welcome to attend).

*Don't see an SFU student journal in your discipline? Consider starting one! Visit the SFU Library Digital Publishing webpages and contact [email protected] to learn more.

Contact us : For assistance with scholarly publishing, please contact  [email protected] .

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Already published?

There are many journals that publish undergraduate research, scholarly, or creative work. The ones listed below are just some suggestions.

Discussions is the peer-reviewed undergraduate research journal of Case Western Reserve University, publishing research papers written by current undergraduate students from accredited colleges and universities around the globe. The research can be on any topic, not limited to science or engineering. A student may submit a paper from a class, as long as his/her work presents a new and innovative idea.  Submission deadlines vary by edition; please refer to website for details.

Journal of Student Research is an electronic, peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal devoted to the rapid dissemination of current papers in an array of disciplines that are novel, integrative, and accessible to a wide audience.

Journal of Undergraduate Research and Scholarly Excellence is a peer-reviewed journal accepting submission of any subject from any undergraduate institution.

Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research is a peer-reviewed journal accepting empirical research manuscripts from undergraduates, graduate students, and faculty who are members of Psi Chi, the international honor society in psychology.

Rose-Hulman Institute of Technology Undergraduate Math Journal is devoted entirely to papers written by undergraduates for work completed before graduation. This is a refereed, online journal.

Undergraduate Research Journal for the Human Sciences is an annual online, national, reviewed journal dedicated to the publication a full range of the scholarly efforts of undergraduate students.

The  Undergraduate Research Commons  is a discovery portal showcasing over 700 outstanding undergraduate research publications—and counting. This collection of exemplary undergraduate work includes award-winning capstone projects, faculty-mentored research, and peer-reviewed scholarship from hundreds of undergraduate institutions.

Office of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity

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The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research

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The Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research has been established to publish outstanding research papers written by Purdue undergraduates from all disciplines who have completed faculty-mentored research projects. The journal is run by students, but behind the scenes is a unique partnership between Purdue University Press and other departments of Purdue University Libraries, working with Purdue Marketing and Media and the Writing Lab, based in the Department of English. Publication of JPUR is sponsored by the Office of the Provost at Purdue University.

We are now accepting submissions for Volume 14 to be published in August 2024. The final deadline for the 2024 volume is February 15, 2024 . To submit your proposal, please use the "Submit Proposal" link on the left-hand navigation bar.

Student Opportunities

JPUR is an Open Access journal. This means that it uses a funding model that does not charge readers or their institutions for access. Readers may freely read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles. This journal is covered under the CC BY-NC-ND license. If you have concerns about the submission or publication terms for the Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research , please contact the Journal Coordinator at [email protected].

Who is reading JPUR right now?

Current volume: volume 13 (2023).

Editorial Jenna Rickus

Clouds in the Ancient Lunar Atmosphere: Water Ice Nucleation on Aerosol Simulants Mariana C. Aguilar

Parentally Exposed Zebrafish Larvae Have Altered Craniofacial Measurements: Multigeneration Developmental Atrazine Toxicity Isabelle Akoro

A Computational Profile Of Invasive Lionfish In Belize: A New Insight on a Destructive Species Joshua E. Balan

Machine Learning of Big Data: A Gaussian Regression Model to Predict the Spatiotemporal Distribution of Ground Ozone Jerry Gu

Characterizing Differential Reflectivity Calibration Dependence on Environmental Temperature Using the X-band Teaching and Research Radar (XTRRA): Looking for a Relationship between Temperature and Differential Reflectivity Bias Emma Miller

Genome-Wide Mutagenesis to Investigate the N-Terminal Methylome: The Protective Effects of Hsp31 and Other Methylated Proteins in Yeast James Rooney and Jacob Lindsey

Trauma, Recovery, and Adolescent Relationships in Stephen Chbosky’s The Perks of Being a Wallflower: An In-Depth Analysis Rachel Rosen

The Role of Vocal Development Patterns: Predicting Neurogenetic Risk in Infancy Using Early Vocal Development and Sex Alyssa Cregg, Rachel Siela, Olivia Battaglia, Kaylee Bobay, Madison Chin, Athena Fordwor, Conghao Gao, Deeksha Handa, Erin Lee, Tiernan McDivitt, Grace Strabala, Victoria Tuell, and Laurel Williams

Biodiesel Transesterification of Spent Coffee Grounds Using DBU as a Catalyst: Using DBU to Make Biodiesel from Coffee Grounds Christopher Stepherson, Pericles Karras, Amy Ha, Phuc Tan Nguyen, Abigail Pati, Jacob Hejazi, Soheil Hussain, Elizabeth De Young, and Shuaicheng Fu

Sales of Cage-Free Eggs: The Impact of Proposition 12 on Egg Prices and Consumer Welfare in California Mingcong Xie

Research Snapshots

Dining Out Behavior in China and the Implications in the Post-COVID-19 Era Ji Yong Kwon

Evaluating the Efficacy of IPM Strategies Against Insect Pests of Collards Elliott Masterson

Laboratory Screening of Sorghum Lines for Incompatibility: A Postattachment Resistance Mechanism to the Parasitic Weed Striga hermonthica Cameron Matthews

Gossypium hirsutum as a Study Species to Understand Plant Responses to Drought Stress Sam Schafer

Lake Michigan Shoreline Landowner Survey Colby Smock

Tourism Insights: ESG in Lodging and Hospitality Emily Cassanmagnago

Monon Neighborhood Livability Study Abigail Dimmick

UPLeft: Pick Up Leftovers, Uplift Those in Need Veronica Galles

To Innovate or Integrate: A Story of Mergers and Acquisitions in the Video Game Industry Charlie Geis and Dustin Rabin

Standard Improvements to Policy for Maintaining a High Leasing Rate on Commercial Properties Scott Morical

Microfinancing and Entrepreneurship in Cocoa Refinement in Côte d’Ivoire Erin Soro

“We Flourish”: The Role of BIPOC Parents in Diversifying Children’s Literature Kayla Neal

Liquid Nitrogen Shrink-Fitting Process Natalie Harvey

Smartphone Color Error Analysis Mackenna Hawes

Is Northwest Indiana Prepared to Be a “Climate Haven”? Luke Carl Jorgensen

Changes in Russian Media Language in Turbulent Times Evan Landau

Design and Development of an Inert Controlled Environmental Chamber for Evaluation of Contaminant Mass Transfer Brian Magnuson and Zachary Limaye

Tree Localization in a Plantation Using Ultra Wideband Signals Akshat Verma

Developmental Atrazine Exposure Modifies Expression of Synucleins Isabelle Akoro

Active Herbicide Ingredients in Roundup Ready Xtend Products, Glyphosate and Dicamba, Results in Hypoactivity in Zebrafish Larvae When Exposed During Development Ryker Bond

Analyzing Health Care Delivery Costs from 2011 to 2020 in the Emergency Departments and Overall Hospital Costs Jacob A. Corey

Formulation of Preservation Solutions for Model Generation with In Vivo Tissue Morphology Holly Pickett

Comparing Effects of Atrazine Exposure on Neuroendocrine Molecular Targets at Two Developmental Exposure Periods in the Zebrafish Jenna Swihart

Monitoring of Caucasus Heritage Sites Facing Cultural Genocide Peyton Edelbrock

Laughter and Madness: The Comic Horror of Evil Dead II David Gowan

Examining the Examiner: An Amicus Brief on Conflicts Between Forensic Technology and Indigenous Religious Freedoms in Favor of Virtual Autopsies Peyton James

Efficacy of the Pedagogical, Cultural, and Advocacy Programming at Purdue University Asian American and Asian Resource and Cultural Center Michael Kuczajda

American Foreign Policy and Public Opinion of the Crimean War (1853–1856) Anurag Shah

The Effects of Wildfire Aerosol Emissions on Air Quality Emma Braun and Audrey Shirley

Model Selection Through Cross-Validation for Supervised Learning Tasks with Manifold Data Derek Brown

Exploring the Evolution of Callose Synthase in Green Plants Giovanna Durante

The Cross-Linguistic and Cross-Situational Association Between Accentedness and Its Impact as Rated by Speakers Makaila Groves

Toward Improved Global Food Security: Uncovering How Tomatoes Fight Root-Knot Nematodes Chingyan H. Huang

Does Having Air Conditioning Affect Friendship Formation in the First Two Months of College? Zachariah Hunt

The Impact of Accessible Data on Cyberstalking Elise Kwan

NeuroArt: Presenting a Tool for Self-Regulation Emma Niecikowski

Promises and Risks of Applying AI Medical Imaging to Early Detection of Cancers, and Regulation for AI Medical Imaging Yiyao Zhang

Out of the Box

Digitizing Delphi: Educating Audiences Through Virtual Reconstruction Kate Koury

Interview: Bethany McGowan and Matthew Hannah Catie Gilhooly

Interview: Michael Kirchner Catie Gilhooly

Alumni Spotlights

Alumni Spotlight: Chufan Gao

Alumni Spotlight: Caleb Hettinger

Alumni Spotlight: Emerald Obie

Alumni Spotlight: Emma Wallens

Cover Image Research Summary

Back Matter

Dr. Krystal R. Hans and undergraduate student researchers in the Hans Lab (courtesy of Purdue University/John Underwood).

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An Undergraduate's Guide to Funding and Publishing Research

  • URECA and other SBU Research Programs and Opportunities
  • Funding Your Research
  • Publishing Your Research: Why and How?
  • Publishing Your Research: List of Undergraduate Journals

Why publish?

published undergraduate research paper

Writing and publishing an article can be a difficult and time-consuming process. How might you know if it will be worth the time and energy? Here are some reasons why undergraduates might want to consider publishing their work:

  • Improve your writing, research, and time management skills
  • Experience the scholarly publishing process
  • Build connections with students, mentors, faculty, staff and other researchers who share your interests
  • Demonstrate your dedication to sticking with a long term project outside of class time
  • Add a layer of professionalism to your student experiences
  • Show off your writing, research, and time management skills!

This list is adapted from Anna Trammell's " The Benefits of Publishing as an Undergraduate " (University of Illinois, 2014)

How to Choose a Journal

Sometimes, half the battle of getting published is simply finding a journal that is a good match . Reviewers often reject an article not necessarily because of the quality of the work, but because the work does not fit within the scope of the publication. It can pay off to put substantial effort into selecting the right journal to submit your work to.

There is a lot to consider when choosing a publication! Here are some things to think about:

  • Get advice from your mentor, a librarian, or other supportive experts. Those with special knowledge in your field or with experience helping undergraduates publish their work will likely know of publications that other students have had success with and will help you know what to look for.
  • Are you eligible to submit to this journal? Some journals might have restrictions based on degree level, institution, citizenship, or residency.
  • Is there a specific disciplinary focus or is the journal multidisciplinary?
  • Do submissions require that you have a faculty mentor?
  • Is it peer-reviewed? If yes, are the reviewers students, faculty, or a mix?
  • Is there an Advisory Board and/or Editorial Board?
  • Is it open access? If no, where is it indexed? How will others access your work?
  • Most journals don't have a publishing fee, but some do. Double check whether or not there's a fee.
  • Do you like the presentation, readability, and access of the journal? For example, are all the articles available as free pdf downloads, or is there a specific web platform or service that hosts the articles?
  • Is there a consistent style / structure to all the articles, or are they each very different from each other?
  • Is there a single genre or a mix? Are they essays, studies, critical reviews? Does the journal only publish original research, or does it also accept creative work such as artwork and short stories?
  • Does the tone, content, style, approach, and rigor of the research in the journal seem to be a good match to your own work?
  • In all cases, consider submitting a copy of your work to SBU's repository, the Academic Commons . This is a platform that hosts materials that are openly available to all.

Carefully Review the Submission Guidelines

photo of a chalkboard that says "follow the rules"

After you've chosen a journal that you feel is an excellent match for your research, you will need to carefully review the submission guidelines . Look for the following elements in the guidelines when preparing your article for submission:

  • Is it required that you have a faculty mentor or formal letter of recommendation with your submission? 
  • Is there a required citation style (for example, MLA or APA)? If the journal is multidisciplinary, it might allow for whatever citation style is appropriate for your subject area.
  • Is there a fixed submission deadline, or is it a rolling deadline (meaning you can submit at any time)?
  • Are there any particular criteria listed? How do the reviewers decide whether to publish the article?
  • How strict are the format guidelines? How many pages, what file format (.doc, .pdf, etc), font, spacing, and other stylistic elements?
  • Are you required to also submit an abstract or keywords?
  • Are simultaneous submissions allowed? That is, does the journal allow you to submit to more than one journal at once?
  • Once your work is published, are you allowed to resubmit the work to another journal? If yes, will you be required to recognize the journal as the first publication before republishing somewhere else?
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Benefits of Publishing Undergraduate Scholarship 

  • Although undergraduate work explores most of the research cycle, it often fails to address the dissemination aspect of scholarship. This is an opportunity to participate in the dissemination process and round out your experience working with the entire research cycle.
  • Future employers value examples of an applicant’s ability to research, analyze, and synthesize. Published works can provide a powerful example of these traits to future employers.
  • Examples of published outputs are impressive on graduate school applications.
  • Published works such as these represent successes in networking with professors and other researchers—also valued by graduate schools and future employers.
  • Published works demonstrate initiative and leadership.

(Provided by:  Nina Collins , Purdue Scholarly Publishing Specialist)

Purdue Undergraduate Publishing Opportunities

The  Journal of Purdue Undergraduate Research (JPUR)  has been established to publish outstanding research papers written by Purdue undergraduates from all disciplines who have completed faculty-mentored research projects. The journal is run by students, but behind the scenes is a unique partnership between Purdue University Press and other departments of Purdue University Libraries, working with Purdue Marketing and Media and the Writing Lab, based in the Department of English. Publication of JPUR is sponsored by the Office of the Provost at Purdue University.  Click here to access JPUR

The  Purdue Journal of Service-Learning (PJSL) , a multi-disciplinary Open Access journal available in print and online, is dedicated to students who conduct projects with strong service-learning and academic civic engagement aspects. By involving students in an intensive writing activity and showcasing the opportunities available at Purdue, the journal will enhance the use and effectiveness of the pedagogy of service-learning as a high-impact learning methodology.  Click here to access PJSL

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Papers and Presentations

Main navigation, presenting at a conference provides many opportunities to professionalize your work.

  • Develop the skill to write succinctly about your work in a compelling way.
  • Receive valuable feedback on your presentation.
  • Learn about the latest developments in your field or discipline.
  • Meet your peers and other researchers from different schools and learn about possible graduate programs.

Talk to your faculty mentor about submitting abstracts to appropriate conferences in your field.

Undergraduate Research Student Grants support students presenting their work at peer reviewed scholarly conferences. Learn more about Undergraduate Research Conference Grants  here .

Publishing a paper

Complete your independent project by writing a research paper, for possible submission to journals at Stanford or outside Stanford. You may also consider presenting your work in more accessible forms in newspapers, magazines, radio, and on the web.

Seek recommendations from your faculty mentor about the appropriate outlet for your work.

Consider the opportunities for publication offered by the  Stanford Undergraduate Research Journal  and other student journals on campus.

Volunteer Project Presentation

Undergraduate Research also encourages current student volunteers to present their project posters or to speak about their project experiences to students who are not yet engaged in these pursuits. Some of these info session events may be dorm presentations with Undergraduate Research staff, and you may like to consider contributing especially to your first year or sophomore year dorms. Please indicate the sites where you would like to give such a presentation. You will be playing a part in guiding students as they explore their interests and begin their own independent projects!

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Undergraduate Publication Opportunities at GWU

Journals that publish student research and writing.

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  • The Eckles Prize for First Year Research Excellence This annual prize recognizes students who produce a research project in their first year that demonstrates significant and meaningful use of library services and collections at the George Washington University.
  • GW Undergraduate Review Established in 2016, the GW Undergraduate Review is the premier publication of research from undergraduate students at The George Washington University. Our mission is to promote undergraduate research on GW's campus through events, workshops, and the publication of a student peer-reviewed journal.​ The GWUR is student-run and supported by the Office of the Vice Provost for Research.
  • The Globe The Globe is the only Undergraduate Journal in International Affairs at the George Washington University (GW). Jointly sponsored by the International Affairs Society (IAS) and the Elliott School of International Affairs, The Globe publishes an annual issue every Spring Semester to showcase the ideas, perspectives, and research of GW Students interested in Security, Human Rights, Development, and other sub-fields of IA.
  • Publish and Present Student Work A list of undergraduate publications, curated by the Center for Undergraduate Fellowships and Research at GWU.

Here is a comprehensive list of journals that publish student research and writing, maintained by the Council on Undergraduate Research . See below for direct links to select titles.

  • Girl Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Undergraduate Research Girls Studies: An Interdisciplinary Journal for Undergraduate Research publishes the work of undergraduate students on topics such as the socialization of female adolescents, gender expectations, identity, body image, the impact of media on girls, and girl empowerment. Submissions of an interdisciplinary nature as well as from across the disciplines--for example, from Sociology, History, Literature, Cultural Studies, Education, Art, and Feminist Theory (to name a few)-- are welcomed.
  • International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities A peer-reviewed, open-access journal dedicated to the publication of outstanding scholarship by undergraduates and their mentors from academic institutions of higher learning. The Journal accepts submissions of research articles, fiction, poetry, photography, videos, and other creative works from undergraduate students in all academic disciplines.
  • Journal of Student Research Journal of Student Research is an electronic, academic, multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal.
  • Queen City Writers We seek thought-provoking pieces from any disciplinary perspective that explore questions and problems related to writing, rhetoric, reading, literacy broadly conceived, popular culture and media, community discourses, and multimodal and digital composing. We expect that the work will be informed by critical conversations relevant to the topic–that is, composers should incorporate timely, pertinent research to support claims. In addition, we welcome projects that experiment with form, voice, style, and delivery.
  • Stanford Undergraduate Research Journal The Stanford Undergraduate Research Journal (SURJ) is an annual peer-reviewed publication of research articles written primarily by Stanford undergraduates, but also by well-qualified students at other institutions, from all academic fields.
  • Inquiries Inquiries, formerly Student Pulse, is an online open-access academic journal focused on publishing the work of university students from around the world in a wide range of academic disciplines.
  • Undergraduate Journal of Service Learning and Community Based Research The Undergraduate Journal of Service Learning and Community-Based Research adds to the increasing number of scholarly journals that invite undergraduates to pursue their own intellectual projects. We seek undergraduate contributions to the burgeoning academic conversation on service learning and community-based research. The Undergraduate Journal of Service Learning and Community-Based Research is open to undergraduate students in the U.S. and across the globe in all subject areas. All submissions will undergo a rigorous review process.
  • Young Scholars in Writing Young Scholars in Writing: Undergraduate Research in Writing and Rhetoric (YSW), a peer-reviewed journal for undergraduates, was founded in 2003 by Laurie Grobman and Candace Spigelman at Penn State Berks. YSW is the first international undergraduate research journal in rhetoric and writing studies and has garnered a national reputation.
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How do undergraduates get their research published?

By JACOB TOOK | November 30, 2017

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COURTESY OF JACOB TOOK Students from various majors pursue research and try to get published.

Hopkins is considered to be the first research institution in the United States. The University stresses that research projects are accessible to undergraduates; however, many students feel that Hopkins could do more to help them pursue research and, ultimately, get published.

The University was founded in the late 19th century on the principle of integrating education and research, following the centuries-old model of Germany’s Heidelberg University.

Today, about two thirds of undergraduates engage in research, but they often find that publishing their results can be more difficult.

Some undergraduates also identified differences in pursuing and publishing research between humanities and STEM fields. The News-Letter spoke with three humanities and three STEM undergraduates to find out what challenges they face in getting published.

Mike Tritsch, a sophomore in the Near Eastern Studies department, researched bone remains at a slave site in southern Maryland. He said that one of his supervisors helped him get a paper on his research accepted in a peer-reviewed journal because it is typically difficult for undergraduates to get published.

“Most journals are only grad students or PhDs,” he said. “In other fields, you have a lab, and everyone who works on the project gets their name on the publication — archaeology is just one or two authors.”

Senior Hannah Cowley, a cognitive science major, researched how the brain perceives space by working with a young girl who is unable to differentiate between left and right.

She said that it can be difficult for undergraduates to find labs in which they can contribute to the research rather than only engaging with menial tasks.

“It’s easy to get pigeonholed into washing beakers,” she said. “If publication or contributing is your end goal, you have to work on not being complacent, which is hard because of the stress of Hopkins.”

She added that it is difficult for undergraduates to contribute to research projects in the lab because they may lack the necessary expertise.

Caroline Lupetini, a junior in International Studies, completed an independent study researching Russian interference in recent elections in Europe. She said she has not published her paper because it is too long.

Lupetini agreed that it can be difficult to be knowledgeable enough about a project as an undergraduate. She also added that humanities research is generally an independent and individualized effort.    

“My experience was finding a mentor and developing a relationship with the professor, whereas STEM research is more that you are part of a team,” she said. “You have to find your passion project in humanities or social science because no one else is necessarily working on that project.”

She also said that part of the University’s renown as a research institution is due to the work its students publish and said that those in humanities fields should get more recognition.

“If Hopkins wants to increase its prestige, it should focus on getting more humanities [students] published,” she said.

Mechanical engineering senior Sharon Maguire published a “how-to” paper after she designed a way to 3D-print a laryngoscope, a typically expensive piece of surgical equipment, for about $40.

Maguire said that she gets credit for her research and therefore can take fewer classes, which helps her manage her schedule and makes publication more accessible.

“It’s not the norm to have time for [research],” she said. “That’s the great thing about doing research for credit.”

Cowley believes that giving credit for researching is not sufficient and that the University should make sure students receive financial compensation.

“Credits are wonderful, but it doesn’t buy you food,” she said. “It is hard trying to balance research and work and getting money to pay your rent.”

According to Tritsch, it is easier to get credit for research in STEM fields. Taylor Veracka, a senior in Film and Media Studies, published a paper on democracy in Taiwan that she wrote for a class. She agreed that there’s more support for students in STEM to get published because they are expected to do research.

“My friend — she’s worked on research opportunities where she’s worked in the lab and helped write the final report, and has gotten published that way,” Veracka said. “For humanities and social sciences you could do that, but it’s not a track that a lot of people follow.”

She said that she took a class on how to complete research in social sciences and the humanities and would like to see more resources that provide students with that type of information.

“If those kinds of opportunities were offered to encourage students to think they might get published, that would be beneficial,” Veracka said.

Last spring, the Hopkins Office of Undergraduate Research (HOUR) was created in order to make research and publication opportunities more accessible to undergraduates.

HOUR Director Feilim Mac Gabhann, who is a biochemical engineer, said that they want to work with students across departments, not just those in STEM.

“The classic version of research, the cells in a dish, that’s one type of it, but so too is anything that involves discovery and creativity,” he said. “Music composition at Peabody we think of as part of this, original writing we see as part of this.”

Mac Gabhann said that students’ needs vary depending on their fields of study and their personal interests.

“The experience of undergraduates is very variable,” he said. “Some walk in and the first lab they knock on the door of they get a position and have a great experience, and some people find it harder to find a position or to be supported while they are in that position.”

HOUR manager Tracy Smith has had STEM experience, but she also holds a business degree and said she has a more general base rather than a true science background.

Smith said that HOUR hopes to facilitate positive relationships between students and their mentors, which she described as crucial for research.

“If you’re not connecting with a mentor, then you’re not stuck there,” she said. “We have a huge resource of faculty and postdocs and research associates across the University, and if you’re having a bad experience, find one that works.”

Mac Gabhann also said that the relationships students make with their mentors will follow them into their careers.

“Those mentor-mentee relationships last a very long time and they’re very important, so it’s helpful to get them right,” he said. “Not everyone is a perfect match. There are different types of personalities. Certain people work in certain ways.”

Smith said that they work to connect undergraduates with researchers in an effort to set up those relationships. She said that faculty from the medical school have contacted HOUR in search of undergraduates.

“By coming through us, we’re able to target specific departments where they’re going to get a better response rate,” she said. “They’ve been successful in finding undergraduates to work on their projects.”

Vice Dean for Humanities and Social Sciences Betsy Bryan, who has worked with Tritsch on some projects, said that it can be more difficult for undergraduate students to find a mentor to work with.

“What we see much less of, generally in the humanities, is a long line of names that are attributed to an article,” she said. “Most papers in the humanities are single-authored.”

However, Bryan said that there are faculty who are committed to working with undergraduates in the humanities.

“More people are working with undergrads and seeing that their contributions are research worthy,” she said. “In the humanities, I think the whole concept of undergraduate research and publication is changing.”

Students agreed that finding a mentor was helpful to their research and helping them get published.

Maguire said that her professors and advisors were supportive of her project and wanted her to be successful. She said that speaking with professors or advisors can help students get started or get their papers published.

“They remember their first time going into the lab and what it’s like to be clueless,” she said. “Chances are they have been published dozens of times, and they can help you. It’s all about not being afraid to ask for help.”

Veracka said that even though she published her paper after her class ended, she emailed her professor to ask if he thought she should try to publish it. She then continued to correspond with him during the submissions process.

“When I was submitting it, I would keep him updated, and he was like, ‘That’s great, send me a citation,’” she said. “It was just validation that it was a good idea, and that I should get it published.”

Senior neuroscience major Sam Allen is writing a textbook chapter and works closely with his lab’s principal investigator (PI).

“He’s been in this field for so long, he understands more of the complexities behind it, and so he just reviewed it,” Allen said. “You have to give credit to people that did a lot of the preliminary groundbreaking stuff, which a lot of the time you miss because there’s other stuff built on it.”

He said that their project is delayed because he and his PI have sent revisions and suggestions. He also said that managing his time has been challenging.

According to Allen, students should engage in research projects that they’re passionate about, even if they cannot get published.

“A lot of people who want to publish and they can’t — they see it as a failing,” Allen said. “The goal shouldn’t be to go to a professor and say you want to publish something. That shows that you’re looking for the end goal and not the research itself.”

He said that it was important to research something that interests you and added that he wouldn’t have been able to finish his textbook chapter had he not been interested in the subject.

However, Tritsch said that students should try to get published so that they can show that they have experience in the field.

“If you’ve finished your project, you should publish it. If you don’t publish it, why are you even doing it?” he said. “If you’re going on after undergrad, it’s even more important because it helps you getting into grad school.”

Bryan said that undergraduates no longer have to write book-length manuscripts in the humanities. She added that increasingly, more weight is given to undergraduate papers.

“An undergraduate can access deep information in a way that they couldn’t have done years ago,” she said.

Tritsch said that the deadlines that graduate students have in their classes are more flexible than they are for undergraduates.

“It just takes a while and you have to be persistent at it or you just won’t get published,” he said. “It’s harder to find time, even for me. I have trouble finding time to do the research I want to do.”

Cowley agreed that it could be difficult to manage her time as an undergraduate but said that it is important for students to pursue something that they are passionate about.

“If you don’t love it along the way then what’s the point?” she said. “Going in with the mentality that publishing is the end goal is really dangerous because you miss the opportunity to show what you’re passionate about.”

Trisha Parayil contributed reporting.

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Writing Research Papers

  • Research Paper Structure

Whether you are writing a B.S. Degree Research Paper or completing a research report for a Psychology course, it is highly likely that you will need to organize your research paper in accordance with American Psychological Association (APA) guidelines.  Here we discuss the structure of research papers according to APA style.

Major Sections of a Research Paper in APA Style

A complete research paper in APA style that is reporting on experimental research will typically contain a Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, and References sections. 1  Many will also contain Figures and Tables and some will have an Appendix or Appendices.  These sections are detailed as follows (for a more in-depth guide, please refer to " How to Write a Research Paper in APA Style ”, a comprehensive guide developed by Prof. Emma Geller). 2

What is this paper called and who wrote it? – the first page of the paper; this includes the name of the paper, a “running head”, authors, and institutional affiliation of the authors.  The institutional affiliation is usually listed in an Author Note that is placed towards the bottom of the title page.  In some cases, the Author Note also contains an acknowledgment of any funding support and of any individuals that assisted with the research project.

One-paragraph summary of the entire study – typically no more than 250 words in length (and in many cases it is well shorter than that), the Abstract provides an overview of the study.

Introduction

What is the topic and why is it worth studying? – the first major section of text in the paper, the Introduction commonly describes the topic under investigation, summarizes or discusses relevant prior research (for related details, please see the Writing Literature Reviews section of this website), identifies unresolved issues that the current research will address, and provides an overview of the research that is to be described in greater detail in the sections to follow.

What did you do? – a section which details how the research was performed.  It typically features a description of the participants/subjects that were involved, the study design, the materials that were used, and the study procedure.  If there were multiple experiments, then each experiment may require a separate Methods section.  A rule of thumb is that the Methods section should be sufficiently detailed for another researcher to duplicate your research.

What did you find? – a section which describes the data that was collected and the results of any statistical tests that were performed.  It may also be prefaced by a description of the analysis procedure that was used. If there were multiple experiments, then each experiment may require a separate Results section.

What is the significance of your results? – the final major section of text in the paper.  The Discussion commonly features a summary of the results that were obtained in the study, describes how those results address the topic under investigation and/or the issues that the research was designed to address, and may expand upon the implications of those findings.  Limitations and directions for future research are also commonly addressed.

List of articles and any books cited – an alphabetized list of the sources that are cited in the paper (by last name of the first author of each source).  Each reference should follow specific APA guidelines regarding author names, dates, article titles, journal titles, journal volume numbers, page numbers, book publishers, publisher locations, websites, and so on (for more information, please see the Citing References in APA Style page of this website).

Tables and Figures

Graphs and data (optional in some cases) – depending on the type of research being performed, there may be Tables and/or Figures (however, in some cases, there may be neither).  In APA style, each Table and each Figure is placed on a separate page and all Tables and Figures are included after the References.   Tables are included first, followed by Figures.   However, for some journals and undergraduate research papers (such as the B.S. Research Paper or Honors Thesis), Tables and Figures may be embedded in the text (depending on the instructor’s or editor’s policies; for more details, see "Deviations from APA Style" below).

Supplementary information (optional) – in some cases, additional information that is not critical to understanding the research paper, such as a list of experiment stimuli, details of a secondary analysis, or programming code, is provided.  This is often placed in an Appendix.

Variations of Research Papers in APA Style

Although the major sections described above are common to most research papers written in APA style, there are variations on that pattern.  These variations include: 

  • Literature reviews – when a paper is reviewing prior published research and not presenting new empirical research itself (such as in a review article, and particularly a qualitative review), then the authors may forgo any Methods and Results sections. Instead, there is a different structure such as an Introduction section followed by sections for each of the different aspects of the body of research being reviewed, and then perhaps a Discussion section. 
  • Multi-experiment papers – when there are multiple experiments, it is common to follow the Introduction with an Experiment 1 section, itself containing Methods, Results, and Discussion subsections. Then there is an Experiment 2 section with a similar structure, an Experiment 3 section with a similar structure, and so on until all experiments are covered.  Towards the end of the paper there is a General Discussion section followed by References.  Additionally, in multi-experiment papers, it is common for the Results and Discussion subsections for individual experiments to be combined into single “Results and Discussion” sections.

Departures from APA Style

In some cases, official APA style might not be followed (however, be sure to check with your editor, instructor, or other sources before deviating from standards of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association).  Such deviations may include:

  • Placement of Tables and Figures  – in some cases, to make reading through the paper easier, Tables and/or Figures are embedded in the text (for example, having a bar graph placed in the relevant Results section). The embedding of Tables and/or Figures in the text is one of the most common deviations from APA style (and is commonly allowed in B.S. Degree Research Papers and Honors Theses; however you should check with your instructor, supervisor, or editor first). 
  • Incomplete research – sometimes a B.S. Degree Research Paper in this department is written about research that is currently being planned or is in progress. In those circumstances, sometimes only an Introduction and Methods section, followed by References, is included (that is, in cases where the research itself has not formally begun).  In other cases, preliminary results are presented and noted as such in the Results section (such as in cases where the study is underway but not complete), and the Discussion section includes caveats about the in-progress nature of the research.  Again, you should check with your instructor, supervisor, or editor first.
  • Class assignments – in some classes in this department, an assignment must be written in APA style but is not exactly a traditional research paper (for instance, a student asked to write about an article that they read, and to write that report in APA style). In that case, the structure of the paper might approximate the typical sections of a research paper in APA style, but not entirely.  You should check with your instructor for further guidelines.

Workshops and Downloadable Resources

  • For in-person discussion of the process of writing research papers, please consider attending this department’s “Writing Research Papers” workshop (for dates and times, please check the undergraduate workshops calendar).

Downloadable Resources

  • How to Write APA Style Research Papers (a comprehensive guide) [ PDF ]
  • Tips for Writing APA Style Research Papers (a brief summary) [ PDF ]
  • Example APA Style Research Paper (for B.S. Degree – empirical research) [ PDF ]
  • Example APA Style Research Paper (for B.S. Degree – literature review) [ PDF ]

Further Resources

How-To Videos     

  • Writing Research Paper Videos

APA Journal Article Reporting Guidelines

  • Appelbaum, M., Cooper, H., Kline, R. B., Mayo-Wilson, E., Nezu, A. M., & Rao, S. M. (2018). Journal article reporting standards for quantitative research in psychology: The APA Publications and Communications Board task force report . American Psychologist , 73 (1), 3.
  • Levitt, H. M., Bamberg, M., Creswell, J. W., Frost, D. M., Josselson, R., & Suárez-Orozco, C. (2018). Journal article reporting standards for qualitative primary, qualitative meta-analytic, and mixed methods research in psychology: The APA Publications and Communications Board task force report . American Psychologist , 73 (1), 26.  

External Resources

  • Formatting APA Style Papers in Microsoft Word
  • How to Write an APA Style Research Paper from Hamilton University
  • WikiHow Guide to Writing APA Research Papers
  • Sample APA Formatted Paper with Comments
  • Sample APA Formatted Paper
  • Tips for Writing a Paper in APA Style

1 VandenBos, G. R. (Ed). (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) (pp. 41-60).  Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

2 geller, e. (2018).  how to write an apa-style research report . [instructional materials]. , prepared by s. c. pan for ucsd psychology.

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  • Evaluating References and Taking Notes
  • Citing References
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  • Improving Scientific Writing
  • Academic Integrity and Avoiding Plagiarism
  • Writing Research Papers Videos

published undergraduate research paper

Journal of Student Research

Journal of Student Research (JSR) is an Academic, Multidisciplinary, and Faculty-reviewed Journal (Houston, Texas) devoted to the Rapid Dissemination of Current Research Published by High School Edition , Undergraduate and Graduate students.

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The journal seeks articles that are novel, integrative, and accessible to a broad audience, including an array of disciplines. The content of the journal ranges from Applied research to Theoretical research. In general, papers on all topics are welcome to submit. The journal uses an automated process from manuscript submission to publication. Manuscript submission, peer review, and publication are all handled online, and the journal automates all clerical steps during peer review.

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published undergraduate research paper

Focus and Scope

Students strive to be successful at publications, and with JSR, authors aspiring to publish will receive scholarly feedback after the reviews of their submissions are received. This feedback will help authors identify areas of improvement to their submission and help them better understand the process to be successful at publication. Once published, we strive to provide a global platform for our authors to showcase their work.

Journal Support for Published Articles

Faculty-Refereed Review Process

This journal uses a double-blind review, which means that both the reviewer and author identities are concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process. Authors need to ensure that their manuscripts do not give away their identity to facilitate this. To find out more about the review process, please visit the  Author Guidelines  page. We invite teachers and faculty interested in reviewing articles for this journal; please visit our  Reviewers  page for more information.

Open Access Policy

This journal provides access to its published content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge. Learn more about  Open Access .

Authors Retain Copyright

Articles published in this journal are under a  Creative Commons License , and the authors retain the copyright to their work.

About this Publishing System

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research

Home > Journal Publishing > Active Journals > KJUR

The Kennesaw Journal of Undergraduate Research ( KJUR ) is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal dedicated to promoting academic study and achievement among undergraduate students at Kennesaw State University. This journal seeks to encourage inquiry among undergraduates by providing them with an avenue for spreading and exchanging knowledge through publication of their research.

Current Issue: Volume 10, Issue 1 (2023)

Reckoning Roanoke: A Historiographical Examination of the Lost Colony Anna K. Poole

The Survival of Manuscripts: Resistance, Adoption, and Adaptation to Gutenberg's Printing Press in Early Modern Europe Kaitlin Jean Kojali

Perceived Phantoms: A Phenomenological Observation of Spirituality in Atsumori Nicholas C. Gilomen

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Publishing as an undergraduate (beyond university undergrad journals)

I'm an undergraduate anthropology student in my final year and with some independent research experience under my belt that I'd like to write about. I'm thinking of taking thematic chapters from my thesis and expanding them into standalone articles for submission to "real" journals. I say "real" because, while undergrad research journals (like the one at my university that I recently got a first publication in) are nice, I know they aren't taken at all as seriously as ones intended for established professionals in the field. I know it's pretty rare to be published in the likes of those journals as an undergrad, however, at least as PI or sole author, so I am wondering what the odds are should I send out a few submissions. Are some journals friendlier to undergrads than others? Is this even a worthwhile aspiration to pursue? I appreciate any thoughts anyone might have.

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  • Student Success
  • Academic Life

Program Innovations: Promoting Success in Student Research

To enhance the student experience and increase access to experiential learning, colleges and universities have gotten creative with undergraduate research experiences.

By  Ashley Mowreader

You have / 5 articles left. Sign up for a free account or log in.

A group of students and a professor meet in a research laboratory. All are wearing lab coats.

Undergraduate research can provide students with hands-on experience in a lab environment, as well as help them determine career opportunities they might not otherwise consider.

sanjeri/E+/Getty Images Plus

Undergraduate research opportunities are one way to provide experiential learning in many disciplines, introducing learners to research methods under the supervision of a faculty member and providing experience for a résumé.

A 2021 study from the University of Central Florida found student researchers are more likely to have higher grade point averages and graduation rates, and higher matriculation into graduate school, as well as life skills such as analyzing literature critically, observing and collecting data and communication.

However, not every student has equal access to undergraduate research opportunities. The study found non-STEM students, transfer students and part-time students are less likely to participate in research compared to their peers.

To increase student participation in undergraduate research and boost skill development among student researchers, institutions have created innovative models of work. Here are seven examples.

Survey Says

Around three in 10 students say they are required to participate in undergraduate research, according to a winter 2023 Student Voice survey from Inside Higher Ed , and a slightly smaller number (27 percent) believe that undergraduate research should be required in their program.

Four-year students are more likely to say undergraduate research is required in their program (32 percent) compared to their two-year peers (15 percent).

First-year research opportunities—University of Missouri

Career exposure in the first year can help students feel confident about their paths throughout college and provide a head start in building their résumés.

Mizzou is known for its Interdisciplinary Plant Group that hosts research scholars exploring innovations in plant biology and a first-year program that provides young researchers a leg up in their work, giving them research time with more experienced researchers and mentorship.

FRIPS, short for Freshman Research in Plants , supports 10 to 15 students annually, who work alongside a faculty member and their research group on plant biology. Students also meet regularly with their FRIPS scholars cohort and gain professional development training.

Each student’s work is funded by grant dollars from the National Science Foundation (NSF).

Graduates of FRIPS often go on to become Goldwater Scholars and NSF graduate research fellows. The program also creates a place of belonging and community for new students to the university.

Underrepresented minority students—Davidson College

Some students face systemic disadvantages in participating in co-curricular experiences because they may lack the social capital or be unfamiliar with the norms of higher ed to identify and participate in a faculty-led research experience.

At Davidson College in North Carolina, rising sophomores can participate in a four- to six-week summer intensive research fellowship program called RISE (Research in Science Experience) . This program is designed for students from historically marginalized groups including low-income and first-generation students.

The goal of RISE is to equip students to take on larger, more intensive academic-year and summer experiences for later in their college career. Each student receives $2,500 in scholarships and funds to cover on-campus housing, which the college arranges for all participants.

Jacquelline Nyakunu , a rising junior at Davidson, spent the summer with chemistry professor Cindy Hauser researching hookah, studying the smoking of shisha and the chemical composition of the tobacco. Nyakunu wrote in a blog post that the experience taught her about her passion for chemistry, built her research skills and solidified her career path as a pre-medicine student.

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Transfer students—University of California, Los Angeles

Transferring into a new institution can be a challenge for many students, and finding ways to get plugged in and connected to one’s field of interest can be just as hard.

UCLA offers an initiative exclusively for transfer students to both promote their academic success at the university and expose them to undergraduate research opportunities, the Transfer Research Entry Program (TREP).

To participate, each student must be an incoming transfer student with at least two years remaining at UCLA and be considering a career in research. Participants attend a one-week virtual bootcamp about research, which covers careers in research and how to write a cover letter and curriculum vitae. The program also provides networking opportunities for transfer students and academic survival skills for the transition to UCLA.

There’s no obligation to take a research role after the bootcamp, but students are encouraged to do so and given guidance on how to find their areas of interest, the application and interview process as well.

Financial support—University of Texas at El Paso

Financial need can be a barrier to participation for some students. The University of Texas at El Paso is a Hispanic Serving Institution (84 percent Hispanic), commuter school with a large population of Pell-eligible students (60 percent) and first-generation learners. Many students are working to support themselves and their families, explains Lourdes E. Echegoyen, director of the Campus Office of Undergraduate Research Initiatives.

As a result, UTEP staff realized a need to provide financial assistance through employment to give students high-impact activities.

University staff have identified grant funding from federal agencies, including the National Science Foundation, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Education, and private foundations.

Students can receive financial support through stipends or tuition scholarships. The university’s student employment program also provides employment positions for undergraduate researchers across disciplines.

“Generally, full time students are supported to conduct research during the academic year from 10 to 19 hours per week—depending on the program—thus allowing students to remain on campus and be mentored as research trainees,” Echegoyen says.

UTEP leaders have seen the benefits of undergraduate research on retention and persistence among students, with one program focused on biomedical research having a 98 percent retention rate among students across four years, compared to a 37 percent retention rate among their peers who did not participate.&

Community partnerships—Roosevelt University

During the COVID-19 pandemic, Roosevelt University in Chicago partnered with The Field Museum to digitize and analyze data collected at the museum. Visitors had measured specimens of liverworts, but the data needed to be sorted and inaccurate measurements eliminated from the set to be most useful to scientists.

Students wrote code to screen and clean the data, helping set the researchers up for success and teaching students firsthand about research processes in a remote setting.

Career development—Elon University

At Elon in North Carolina, returning students can participate in undergraduate research over the summer in between academic terms, funded by the university. While career readiness is a natural component of research experiences, leaders at the university wanted to bolster student skills beyond the laboratory, says Eric Hall, professor of exercise and director of undergraduate research at Elon.

Now, student researchers attend regular professional-development workshops that inform and establish career competencies. The workshops are co-led by other campus partners, including the writing center, career services, the fellowships office and librarians, Hall says.

For the 2024 session, workshops include a session on LinkedIn on how the fellowships office can support student goals, professional writing for graduate school and industry, and navigating academic publishing.

The new initiative is still being evaluated, with formal data collection underway, but anecdotal evidence from post-assessments shows students enjoy and learn from the experiences.

Research in the classroom—California State Polytechnic University, Pomona

Cal Poly Pomona leaders wanted to expose more learners to undergraduate research, understanding that first-generation, Pell-eligible or historically underserved students have lower access to research opportunities, says Winny Dong, faculty director for the office of undergraduate research.

Rather than asking students to squeeze an additional responsibility into their schedules, faculty members brought research to the classroom, embedding experiences into required general education courses.

The initiative makes it so all students are exposed to research and required to participate in some capacity, helping build their skills and pique interest for those who may consider a career in research.

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  • Published: 03 June 2024

Scientific integrity and U.S. “Billion Dollar Disasters”

  • Roger Pielke Jr 1 , 2  

npj Natural Hazards volume  1 , Article number:  12 ( 2024 ) Cite this article

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For more than two decades, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has published a count of weather-related disasters in the United States that it estimates have exceeded one billion dollars (inflation adjusted) in each calendar year starting in 1980. The dataset is widely cited and applied in research, assessment and invoked to justify policy in federal agencies, Congress and by the U.S. President. This paper performs an evaluation of the dataset under criteria of procedure and substance defined under NOAA’s Information Quality and Scientific Integrity policies. The evaluation finds that the “billion dollar disaster” dataset falls short of meeting these criteria. Thus, public claims promoted by NOAA associated with the dataset and its significance are flawed and at times misleading. Specifically, NOAA incorrectly claims that for some types of extreme weather, the dataset demonstrates detection and attribution of changes on climate timescales. Similarly flawed are NOAA’s claims that increasing annual counts of billion dollar disasters are in part a consequence of human caused climate change. NOAA’s claims to have achieved detection and attribution are not supported by any scientific analysis that it has performed. Given the importance and influence of the dataset in science and policy, NOAA should act quickly to address this scientific integrity shortfall.

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Introduction.

In the late 1990s, the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) began publishing a tally of weather and climate disasters that each resulted in more than $1 billion in damage, noting that the time series had become “one of our more popular web pages” 1 . Originally, the data was reported in current-year U.S. dollars. In 2011, following criticism that the dataset was misleading, NOAA modified its methods to adjusted historical losses to constant-year dollars by accounting for inflation ( https://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/capital-weather-gang/post/2011-billion-dollar-weather-disaster-record-legit-or-bad-economics/2012/01/12/gIQADocztP_blog.html ).

By 2023, the billion dollar disaster time series had become a fixture in NOAA’s public outreach, was highlighted by the U.S. government’s U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) as a “climate change indicator” ( https://storymaps.arcgis.com/collections/ad628a4d3e7e4460b089d9fe96b2475d?item=1 ), was a cited as evidence in support of a “key message” of the Fifth U.S. National Climate Assessment showing that “extreme events are becoming more frequent and severe” ( https://nca2023.globalchange.gov/chapter/2/ ). The time series is often cited in policy settings as evidence of the effects of human-caused climate change to increase the frequency and intensity of extreme weather events and associated economic damage, including in federal agencies, Congress and by the U.S. President ( https://www.congress.gov/bill/118th-congress/house-bill/598/text ; https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2023/11/14/fact-sheet-biden-harris-administration-releases-fifth-national-climate-assessment-and-announces-more-than-6-billion-to-strengthen-climate-resilience-across-the-country ). In addition to being widely cited in justifications of policy, as of March, 2024, NOAA’s billion dollar dataset has been cited in almost 1000 articles according to Google Scholar ( https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C6&q=%22billion+dollar+disasters%22&btnG= ).

This paper evaluates the billion dollar disaster time series by applying criteria of NOAA’s Information Quality and Scientific Integrity policies. The evaluation finds that billion dollar disaster time series fails to meet NOAA’s criteria for “information quality,” specifically, NOAA’s criteria of traceability, transparency, presentation, and substance.

Thus, the billion dollar disaster dataset is not simply an insufficient basis for claims of the detection and attribution of changes in climate variables (or a consequence of such changes), but the dataset is inappropriate for use in such research. Throughout, I use the terms “detection” and “attribution” as defined by the Intergovernmental panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 2 . Climate data should be the basis for claims of detection and attribution of changes in climate variables, not economic loss data. Because of the shortfalls in scientific integrity documented in this evaluation, policy makers and the public have been misinformed about extreme events and disasters in the United States.

Evaluation of policy or program performance is among the most common and influential practices in applied policy research. Policy evaluation tells us if actions by government programs and agencies are meeting their stated goals and provides insight into reasons for successes and failures. As such, evaluation offers important input that empowers policy makers to correct course and supports efforts by the public to hold governments democratically accountable. A systematic evaluation includes four distinct intellectual tasks 3 , 4 : (a) identification of goals to be achieved, (b) metrics which can be used to assess progress (or lack thereof) with respect to goals, (c) data or evidence related to such metrics, and finally, if possible, (d) judgments of responsibility for observed outcomes.

NOAA’s billion dollar disaster time series is considered a “fundamental research communication” under the Public Communications order of NOAA’s parent agency, the Department of Commerce ( https://www.osec.doc.gov/opog/dmp/daos/dao219_1.html ). NOAA defines a “fundamental research communication” to be “official work regarding the products of basic or applied research in science and engineering, the results of which ordinarily are published and shared broadly within the scientific community” ( https://www.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/legacy/document/2021/Feb/202-735-D.pdf ). NOAA further identifies an important subset of “fundamental research communications” to be “influential information,” which “means information the agency reasonably can determine will have or does have a clear and substantial impact on important public policies or private sector decisions” ( https://www.noaa.gov/organization/information-technology/policy-oversight/information-quality/information-quality-guidelines ). The billion dollar disaster dataset is also what the Office of Management and Budget defines as “Influential Scientific Information” ( https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2005-01-14/pdf/05-769.pdf ).

NOAA’s Information Quality and Scientific Integrity policies set forth the criteria to be used for evaluating “fundamental research communications,” including the subset of “influential information.” Specifically, NOAA’s Information Quality Guidelines identify three criteria of information quality: utility, objectivity, and integrity ( https://www.noaa.gov/organization/information-technology/policy-oversight/information-quality/information-quality-guidelines ).

Utility refers to “the usefulness of research to its intended users, including the public,” with an emphasis on “transparency.” NOAA’s Scientific Integrity Policy provides further guidance: “Transparency, traceability, and integrity at all levels are required” in order for the agency “to achieve” its mission ( https://www.noaa.gov/sites/default/files/legacy/document/2021/Feb/202-735-D.pdf ).

Traceability: “The ability to verify sources, data, information, methodology, results, assessments, research, analysis, conclusions or other evidence to establish the integrity of findings.”

Transparency: “Characterized by visibility or accessibility of information.”

Objectivity refers to presentation and substance:

Presentation: “includes whether disseminated information is presented in an accurate, clear, complete, and unbiased manner and in a proper context.”

Substance: “involves a focus on ensuring accurate, reliable, and unbiased information. In a scientific, financial, or statistical context, the original and supporting data shall be generated, and the analytic results shall be developed, using sound statistical and research methods.”

Integrity refers to “security ‑ the protection of information from unauthorized access or revision, to ensure that the information is not compromised through corruption or falsification.” Integrity will not be further considered as part of this evaluation.

NOAA’s Scientific Integrity Policy also states that it will “ensure that data and research used to support policy decisions undergo independent peer review by qualified experts” ( https://sciencecouncil.noaa.gov/scientific-integrity-commons/sic-integrity-policy/ ). OMB requires that agencies develop “a transparent process for public disclosure of peer review planning, including a Web-accessible description of the peer review plan that the agency has developed for each of its forthcoming influential scientific disseminations” ( https://www.govinfo.gov/content/pkg/FR-2005-01-14/pdf/05-769.pdf ). There is no such plan in place for the NOAA “billion dollar” dataset and the methods, which have evolved over time, and results have not been subject to any public or transparent form of peer review.

The evaluation conducted here thus focuses on traceability and transparency (as elements of utility) and presentation and substance (as elements of objectivity).

Traceability and transparency

The NOAA billion dollar disaster dataset is intransparent in many ways, including its sources, input data and methodologies employed to produce results. The intransparency includes elements of event loss estimation, additions to and subtractions of events from the database, and adjustments made to historical loss estimates. There have been an unknown number of versions of the dataset, which have not been documented or made publicly available. Changes are made to the dataset more frequently than annually, suggesting that there have been many dozens of versions of the dataset over the past decades. Replication of the dataset or changes made to it is thus not possible by any independent researcher, as is verification or evaluation of the dataset itself.

Seven examples illustrate the lack of transparency and lack of traceability.

First, NOAA states that it utilizes more than “a dozen sources” to “help capture the total, direct costs (both insured and uninsured) of the weather and climate events” ( https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/billions/faq ). However, NOAA does not specifically identify these sources in relation to specific events, how its estimates are derived from these sources, or the estimates themselves. Almost all data sources that NOAA cites that it relies on for loss estimates are public agencies that produce data released to the public. Insured losses for specific events are aggregated and typically made available to the public, such as by the Florida Office of Insurance Regulation ( https://www.floir.com/home ). Aggregated data provides no information on specific businesses or individuals.

NOAA also states that it includes in it loss estimates various indirect losses such as business interruption, wildfire suppression and others. NOAA does not provide the data or methods for its estimation of such indirect losses. Smith and Matthews 5 (who also have created and maintained the dataset as NOAA employees) also identify livestock feeding costs as a function of national feedstock trends as a variable used in compiling the dataset. Livestock feeding costs are not considered a disaster cost in conventional disaster accounting methods (such as by NOAA Storm Data or SHELDUS), as these are not direct losses due to a local or regional extreme event, but rather an estimate of national market changes in commodity prices which are influenced by many more factors than an extreme event. It is unclear what other measures of indirect costs are included in the NOAA tabulation.

Second, consider the case of Hurricane Idalia, which made landfall in the Big Bend Region of Florida in late September 2023. Initial catastrophe model estimates suggested insured losses of $2.5 to 5 billion ( https://www.insurancejournal.com/news/national/2023/09/05/738970.htm ). The initial NOAA estimate reported on its billion dollar disaster website in the immediate aftermath of the storm was $2.5 billion. However, actual insured losses have been far less than was estimated in the storm’s aftermath, totaling officially about $310 million through mid-November 2023 ( https://www.floir.com/home/idalia ). The historical practice of NOAA’s National Hurricane Center for estimating total direct hurricane damage was to double insured losses to arrive at an estimate of total direct losses 6 . Even accounting for some additional insurance claims to be made, it is unlikely that Idalia would reach $1 billion in total direct losses under the NHC methodology. Yet by December 2023 NOAA had increased its loss estimate for Idalia to $3.6 billion. What is the basis for NOAA’s estimate of Idalia’s total losses being ~12 times insured losses? That is unknown.

Third, similarly unknown is why historical events are periodically added and removed from the dataset. For instance, from a version of the dataset available in December 2022 to an update published in July 2023, 10 new events were added and 3 were deleted (Fig. 1 ). A later comparison with yet another version of the dataset indicates 4 additional historical events were added (not shown in Fig. 1 ). There is no documentation or justification for such changes, I am only aware of them through the happenstance of downloading the currently available dataset at different times.

figure 1

Undocumented changes to disaster counts made by NOAA between two different versions of the billion dollar disaster dataset, one downloaded in 2022 and another in 2023.

Fourth, a comparison of event loss estimates from the 2022 dataset and the 2023 version shows that each individual event has been adjusted by a different amount. According to NOAA, the only annual adjustment acknowledged is for inflation based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI). From 2022 to 2023, most of the adjustments made to individual events are between 4.5% and 6% but nine events are adjusted from 6.6% to 145%, and one is a reduction of about 75%. An annual adjustment for CPI should be constant across all events. No documentation is provided to explain these various adjustments and why they are unique to each event.

Fifth, NOAA states that they perform “key transformations” of loss data estimates by “scaling up insured loss data to account for uninsured and underinsured losses, which differs by peril, geography, and asset class.” NOAA makes no details available on the methodology or basis for such transformations, nor their impact on loss estimates, nor how these transformations may change over time.

Similarly, Smith and Matthews 5 reference an overall bias correction that has been applied to the dataset, as well as an additional correction for crop insurance losses. Smith and Katz 6 reference other adjustments, such as an adjustment to U.S. flood insurance participation rates, but neither the methodologies nor results of these various adjustments are documented, nor has the baseline data to which the adjustments are applied. Table 3 from Smith and Katz 7 suggests an open-ended formulaic approach to loss estimation, but none of the data that would be used in such formulas is available. Nor is it clear that NOAA currently applies the formula to loss estimation. If so, it should be straightforward to provide sources, data and methods for each iteration of the dataset.

Sixth, the number of smaller disasters ranging from $1 to $2 billion was fairly constant from 1980 to 2007 and then sharply increased starting in 2008 (Fig. 2 ). NOAA states that “we introduce events into the time series as they “inflate” their way above $1B in costs in today’s dollars. Every year, this leads to the introduction of several new events added from earlier in the time series” ( https://sciencecouncil.noaa.gov/scientific-integrity-commons/sic-integrity-policy/ ). However, the December 2023 dataset shows a net change of zero events from $1-2 billion for the period of 1980–2000 and a net increase of such 2 events from 2001–2023. NOAA’s statement that it elevates disasters from <1 billion in losses to the billion dollar disaster database also indicates that NOAA has another dataset with sub-billion dollar events that is not publicly available.

figure 2

Increasing disaster counts costing $1-2 billion in a version of NOAA’s 2023 dataset.

The sharp discontinuity in the counts of $1-2 billion events starting in 2008 is suggestive of a change in disaster accounting methods, however, the lack of transparency into the creation of the dataset makes it impossible to know the reasons that may underlie this discontinuity.

Seventh, a comparison of 2023 CPI-adjusted official losses of NOAA’s National Hurricane Center (NHC)20 to the loss estimates of the 2023 NOAA billion dollar dataset (BDD), for significant hurricanes shows large differences (Table 1 ).

The NOAA billion dollar disaster estimates are in all cases except Hurricane Andrew substantially higher than the CPI-adjusted estimates based on the official estimates of NHC. There is no obvious pattern to the differences and the lack of methodological and data transparency makes it impossible to understand why there are such large differences and why these differences vary by such a great deal.

These seven examples indicate clearly that the NOAA billion dollar dataset fails with respect to NOAA’s scientific integrity criteria of traceability and transparency. The many issues and questions raised above cannot be answered because it is impossible to verify sources, data or methodology to establish the integrity of findings. These seven examples are just a small subset of issues that I have raised in public forums about the provenance, methods, and publicly communicated results of the application of these methods. The billion dollar dataset thus does not meet NOAA’s requirement that data be transparent and traceable.

Presentation and substance

Even in the absence of the issues documented above, the NOAA billion dollar disaster dataset is potentially misleading, because it has been represented by NOAA and U.S. government officials as evidence of the detection of trends in extreme weather phenomena and the attribution of those trends to human-caused climate change due to the emission of greenhouse gases.

For instance:

The NOAA official responsible for overseeing the dataset claimed that the dataset showed: “Climate change is supercharging many of these extremes that can lead to billion-dollar disasters” ( https://www.cbsnews.com/news/noaa-billion-dollar-weather-disasters-2022-hurricane-ian-drought/ ).

At the press conference where the 2022 dataset was released, the NOAA Administrator claimed that the dataset indicated that, “Climate change is creating more and more intense extreme events that cause significant damage” ( https://www.npr.org/2023/01/12/1148633707/extreme-weather-fueled-by-climate-change-cost-the-u-s-165-billion-in-2022 ).

In 2021 the U.S. Department of Treasury identified increasing billion dollar disasters as evidence of the effects of climate change on financial risks ( https://home.treasury.gov/system/files/261/FSOC-Climate-Report.pdf ).

The Fifth U.S. National Climate Assessment cited the NOAA dataset as evidence that “Climate change is not just a problem for future generations, it’s a problem today,” and claimed that the dataset, in part, demonstrated “the increasing frequency and severity of extreme events” due in part to “human-caused climate change” ( https://nca2023.globalchange.gov/chapter/2/ ).

In 2023, President Biden attributed weather and climate-related disaster costs in the U.S. in 2022 to climate change, citing the NOAA dataset: “[C]limate change related extreme weather events still pose a rapidly intensifying threat – one that costs the U.S. at least $150 billion each year … This year set a record for the number of climate disasters that cost the United States over $1 billion. The United States now experiences a billion-dollar disaster approximately every three weeks on average, compared to once every four months during the 1980s” ( https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/statements-releases/2023/11/14/fact-sheet-biden-harris-administration-releases-fifth-national-climate-assessment-and-announces-more-than-6-billion-to-strengthen-climate-resilience-across-the-country/ ).

The point here is not to call into question the reality or importance of human-caused climate change – it is real, and it is important. Rather, the question is whether the NOAA billion dollar disaster time series provides evidence of detection or attribution of changes in the climate of extreme weather events in the United States, as frequently claimed.

Economic loss data is not suitable for detection and attribution of trends in extreme weather events because losses involve more than just climatic factors. It is well understood that a disaster occurs at the intersection of an extreme event and a vulnerable and exposed society (IPCC) 8 . NOAA acknowledges that a combination of risk, vulnerability and exposure is necessary for a disaster to occur ( https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/access/billions/faq ), but it fails to take any of these factors into account in its methodologies prior to making claims of detection and attribution. Of note, NOAA performs such a GDP normalization for disasters at the state level but does not do so for its national billion dollar disaster database. In a June, 2023 insurance industry Webinar, the lead scientist responsible for the NOAA dataset identified the absence of a national GDP-based normalization to be a major challenge for interpreting the database, and suggested that this would be added to the dataset in the future ( https://www.catmanagers.org/event-details/put-past-losses-in-their-proper-context-1 ). Smith and Katz 7 explain that “the billion-dollar dataset is only adjusted for the CPI over time, not currently incorporating any changes in exposure (e.g., as reflected by shifts in wealth or population)”.

Over time, population and wealth have increased dramatically in the United States (and globally), meaning that when an extreme climate or weather event occurs, there is more to be damaged and invariably, more damage occurs even if there is no underlying trend in the frequency or intensity of extreme weather. Consequently, there is a large literature that seeks to “normalize” historical loss data to account for changes in exposure and vulnerability (e.g., a recent literature review identified more than 60 such papers 9 , other relevant studies discuss the importance of the spatial dimensions of land use change 10 , 11 , 12 , 13 ).

A common approach to disaster normalization adjusts historical losses based on GDP, as a proxy for increasing population and wealth 14 , 15 , 16 , 17 , 18 . Figure. 3 shows loss per disaster in the NOAA 2023 dataset as a percentage of US GDP ( https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/RGDPNAUSA666NRUG ). According to a simple linear trend, losses per disaster are down by about 80% since 1980, as a proportion of GDP. This is likely due to a combination of actual decreasing losses as a proportion of GDP, as has been documented in many rich countries, as well as the sharp increase in small disasters included in NOAA’s dataset (see Fig. 2 ).

figure 3

Losses per disaster in NOAA’s billion dollar disaster dataset (the version downloaded in July 2023), 1980 to 2022.

In comparison, weather and climate disasters losses as a percentage of U.S. GDP, show no increase over the period of record, which is 1990–2019 based on these data (Fig. 4 ).

figure 4

Sources: Spatial Hazard Events and Losses Database for the United States (SHELDUS) at Arizona State University, which has made public aggregate losses from 1990 to 2019. Data on GDP from the U.S. Office of Management and Budget.

Other, more sophisticated and granular approaches to the normalization of U.S. weather and climate related disaster losses robustly confirm the aggregate downward trend in losses, once population growth and wealth are properly accounted 6 , 18 , 19 , 20 , 21 , 22 . Hurricane, flood and tornado losses have all decreased as a proportion of GDP on climate time scales, and as these are responsible for the majority of direct losses, so too have aggregate disaster losses.

NOAA’s failure to consider changes in exposure and vulnerability is significant. Consider for example Hurricane Andrew in 1992. The NOAA 2023 billion dollar disaster loss estimate for Andrew is $58.9 billion, but a 2023 normalized loss estimate is more than twice that at $119.9 billion (based on Weinkle et al.). For comparison, in 2022, Swiss Reinsurance estimated that a recurrence of Hurricane Andrew would result in $120 billion in total damage ( https://www.abcactionnews.com/news/price-of-paradise/experts-say-modern-day-hurricane-andrew-could-cost-florida-120-billion ). Thus, these estimates differ by ~100%.

By adjusting for inflation, but not for changes in exposure or vulnerability, the NOAA billion dollar dataset introduces a bias into the time series, as the upwards trend in losses in the billion dollar disaster time series is a result of growth in population and wealth, and not climate trends. As Smith and Katz 7 acknowledged more than a decade ago of the increase in billion dollar disasters, “the magnitude of such increasing trends is greatly diminished when applied to data normalized for exposure.”

Thus, any claim that the NOAA billion dollar disaster dataset indicates worsening weather or worsening disasters is incomplete at best and misleading at worst. When U.S. disaster losses are considered in the context of exposure changes it becomes clear that as the absolute costs of disasters has increased, the impact relative to the economy has diminished over past decades, which is exactly the opposite of claims made by NOAA, the U.S. National Climate Assessment, the USGCRP, and the president of the United States, among many others.

The most appropriate data for investigating detection and attribution of changes in climate variables will always be climate data, and not economic data. IPCC has assessed research on the detection and attribution of trends in extreme weather events and has only low confidence in the emergence of signals of climate-impact drivers for river floods, heavy precipitation and pluvial flood, landslide, drought, fire weather, tropical cyclones, hail, severe wind storms and heavy snowfall 2 – that is, each of the elements of the billion dollar disaster dataset. The IPCC does express confidence in some regions in the detection and attribution of changes in heat extremes and in extreme precipitation 2 , neither of which is an element of the billion dollar disaster database. The IPCC is explicit in warning against conflating changes in extreme precipitation with changes in pluvial flooding 2 .

NOAA makes strong claims of detection and attribution contrary to the conclusions of the IPCC but provides no analyses in support of these claims. For instance, NOAA states of its time series:

“The increases in population and material wealth over the last several decades are an important factor for higher damage potential. These trends are further complicated by the fact that many population centers and infrastructure exist in vulnerable areas like coasts and river floodplains, while building codes are often insufficient in reducing damage from extreme events. Climate change is also playing a role in the increasing frequency of some types of extreme weather that lead to billion-dollar disasters.”

However, NOAA makes no effort to quantify the roles of increasing population and material wealth, nor does it substantiate its claims that climate change has increased the frequency of some types of extreme weather.

NOAA does not acknowledge a large literature on disaster “normalization” that seeks to quantify the roles of population, material wealth, mitigation, building practices, etc. on increasing losses and also ignores literature on the detection and attribution of trends in various forms of extreme weather 2 , 9 .

Thus, any claim that the NOAA billion dollar disaster dataset indicates the detection trends in climate variables and the attribution of those trends to human-caused climate change is contrary to the most recent assessment of the IPCC. NOAA has provided no evidence or research to support claims that human-caused changes in climate are driving the increase in billion dollar disaster counts. Similarly, the opposite claim, that increasing billion dollar disasters are evidence of changes in the frequency of some extreme events resulting from human-caused climate change is also unsupported. NOAA’s claims are also circular – one claim is that climate change causes increasing billion dollar disasters and the second claim is that increasing billion dollar disasters indicate climate change. The billion dollar dataset fails to meet NOAA’s criteria of presentation and substance.

To summarize: the NOAA billion dollar disaster dataset falls short of NOAA’s guidelines for scientific integrity. The shortfalls documented here are neither small nor subtle. They represent a departure from NOAA’s long-term history of scientific integrity and excellence, which has saved countless lives and supported the nation’s economy.

Identifying the reasons why NOAA’s billion dollar disaster dataset has departed so significantly from the agency’s own standards of scientific integrity goes well beyond the scope of this paper. However, the steps necessary to bring the dataset back into conformance with NOAA’s information quality criteria are straightforward ( https://www.noaa.gov/organization/information-technology/policy-oversight/information-quality/information-quality-guidelines ):

Publish all data, including all versions of the dataset;

Document and publish baseline loss estimates and their provenance;

Clearly describe all methodologies employed to adjust baseline data;

Document every change made to the dataset, give each successive version of the dataset a unique name, and publish all version of the data;

Maintain all historical versions of the dataset in a publicly accessible archive;

Subject the methods and results to annual peer review by experts, including economists and others with subject matter expertise, who are independent of NOAA. Make the peer review reports public;

Align NOAA’s practices with federal government policies for disseminating statistical information that are applied to other agencies ( https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2002/06/04/02-13892/federal-statistical-organizations-guidelines-for-ensuring-and-maximizing-the-quality-objectivity );

Align claims with IPCC methods and standards for any claims of detection and attribution, or justify why the claims are at odds with those of the IPCC.

NOAA is a crucially important agency that sits at the intersection of science, policy and politics. It has a long and distinguished history of providing weather, climate, water, ocean and other data to the nation. These data have saved countless lives, supported the economy and enabled significant scientific research. The agency is far too important to allow the shortfalls in scientific integrity documented in this paper to persist. Fortunately, science and policy are both self-correcting.

Policy evaluation

The analysis in this paper follows the logic of policy evaluation, which compares policy implementation with respect to criteria, with a goal of identifying progress or lack thereof towards goals (sources). Identifying progress requires identification of specific metrics of progress and data relevant to those metrics.

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Pielke, R. Scientific integrity and U.S. “Billion Dollar Disasters”. npj Nat. Hazards 1 , 12 (2024). https://doi.org/10.1038/s44304-024-00011-0

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