The Best Philosophy Essay Topics

Table of contents

  • 1 What is Philosophy Essay?
  • 2 How to Select the Best Philosophy Essay Topic?
  • 3.1 Argumentative Philosophy Essay Topics
  • 3.2 Plato Essay Topics
  • 3.3 Worldview Essay Topics
  • 3.4 Transcendentalism Essay Topics
  • 3.5 Practical Philosophy Essay Topics
  • 3.6 Enlightenment Essay Topics

Philosophy has accompanied humanity since ancient Egypt, Babylonia and Persia when people already had the rudiments of reasoning in philosophy. We know about its emergence as a photographic phenomenon, which in its essence, did not differ from a worldview. Ultimately, this resulted in philosophy – an academic discipline or concentrated wisdom.

However, classical teachings may seem vague and mysterious. And what about writing a philosophical essay? The main factor is the presentation of one’s thoughts. That is why the main factor for its successful writing is the paper’s topic. In this article, we have selected philosophy essay topics that can be useful for you.

What is Philosophy Essay?

Philosophy essays have their peculiarities when writing. Most other types of essays require research and study of the topic and have certain stable postulates that we can rely on when composing the paper. But philosophical essays can bypass these rules. The student must express his own opinion and justify it.

It is simple on free topics, but if the subject of your work is the classical teachings of philosophers, this can become a problem. Sometimes it is better to give your work to a professional psychology essay writing service and be sure of a great result than to spend days or weeks studying classical theories. In addition, philosophy is often a secondary subject that doesn’t make sense to focus on. Instead, concentrate on your primary specialization.

How to Select the Best Philosophy Essay Topic?

First of all, we recommend deciding on a direction that interests you more. It can be a theoretical aspect, applicative use of philosophy or even the integration of this science with others – for example, ontology or metaphysics. After all, it is essential to reflect your thoughts correctly in writing for any direction. You will need to use writing tools for students to show your judgments accurately in the essay. Sometimes this can be a difficult task when the authors of the papers get into a so-called flow state.

Secondly, choosing a good topic that can be compared with the opinions of already-known thinkers is necessary for a deeper justification of your point of view. To do this, use the appropriate essay quotation format to make your paper easy to read. After all, while we are not recognized philosophers, proving our claims will be helpful to get the highest score.

If you still need to get philosophy essay ideas, continue reading this article. Here you will find 70 interesting topics that you can use as a topic for your essay or get inspired to create your own.

Easy Philosophy Paper Topics

Often we want to avoid reinventing the wheel. We are interested in writing an exciting but easy essay. So, if you were looking for simple philosophical essay topics, here is the list of the top 10 topics in philosophy for your paper:

  • Human Responsibilities in Different World Religions: Why are They Distinct?
  • Good and Evil: Do They Have Anything in Common? Will They Be Able to Insulate One without the Other?
  • Advantages and Disadvantages of a Hedonistic Approach to Life
  • Life after Death: Should We Endure the Circumstances of the X-axis for a Better Future on the Y-axis?
  • Why Ancient People Asked Themselves the Same Questions as We Do: Isn’t Humanity Progressing?
  • Do We Fulfill Our Moral Obligation to Parents by Helping Children?
  • Three Features: Each from an Animal and an Angel. What is the Nature of Man?
  • Is Genetic Engineering Ethical with Respect to the Laws of Nature?
  • How Society Can Influence the Personal Choice of the Sense of Life for Each of Us
  • Self-Determination of a Person & the Formation of our Microuniverse

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Argumentative Philosophy Essay Topics

If you think more analytically, use it to your advantage. The argumentative type of philosophy essay is an unusual and exciting option for such papers since it requires strong thesis statement points. If you want to write exactly this sort of essay, these essay topics ideas will come in handy to decide on the topic of your work:

  • Peaceful Protests/Desperate Battle: a Critical Analysis of the Philosophy of Resistance
  • The Borderland Situation and Absurdity: Analytical Review.
  • Explanation of the Path of any Subject to the Point of No Return. A Critical Analysis of “The Myth of Sisyphus” 1942.
  • The Paradox of Absurdity and How to Find a Way Out of It: Follow the Rules or Set Yours
  • Comparative Analysis of Forms of Globalization from the Point of View of Philosophy
  • E. Leroy, P. Teilhard de Shader and Volodymyr Vernandskyi: Together About the Noosphere, Separately About its Functioning.
  • Analysis of the Origins of the First Thinkers from the Point of View of Metaphysics.
  • The Legal Aspect of Organ Cloning and Entire Human Cloning. Does it Make a Difference?
  • Are People Obliged to Always Tell the Truth and Nothing But the Truth?
  • Is Experience Acquired through Lived Years or Situations? Explanation of Each of the Parties.

Plato Essay Topics

Plato and Aristotle were the founders of philosophy in their classical sense. That is why writing an essay that will outline or refute Plato’s reasoning is a surefire option to impress your teacher and stand out from the rest of the group. If you still don’t know what to write about, below are the topics in the philosophy type of paper:

  • Understanding a Being as a Multiplicity of Organic Elements According to Plato’s Postulates.
  • Reflection of the Philosophy of Truth As an Idea: Plato’s Teaching
  • Plato’s way of Familiarizing themself with the Truth through Memories
  • Is It Possible to Trace the Influence of Socrates on Plato’s Philosophy: a Detailed Analysis
  • Truth Exists, but It does not Exist until Being Developed – the Main Contradiction of Plato’s System of Philosophy Understanding
  • “Phaedo”: Philosophy is the Science of Death.
  • Plato’s Dialectic: Philosophy is the Cornice that Crowns All Our Knowledge
  • Platonic Vision of Four Types of Dialectics as Four Modes of the Soul Activity
  • A Move Against Democracy from the Platonic Postulates of Understanding the State and Society According to Personal Philosophy
  • Plato and the “Ladder of Love” in the “Banquet”: Beautiful Bodies, Souls, Tempers and Sciences.

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Worldview Essay Topics

Worldview and philosophy are similar concepts; they are rooted in the history of the human race. That is why this type of essay is interesting for both writing and reading. Choose your worldview essay topic from the options below to create your perfect piece of writing:

  • Three-Aspect Structure of Worldview: Elements, Levels, Main Subsystems
  • Mythological and Religious Types of Worldview: What do They Have in Common?
  • Worldview as an Individual Prism of Multilevel Interaction Between Man and the World
  • The Influence of Previous Generations on Modern Prejudices of our Outlook
  • Ideological Form of Globalization. How does Social Media Affect It?
  • The Noosphere as a Part of Countering Global Warming
  • Modern Beauty Standards and the Bodily Phenomenon of Existence: What is the Connection between Them?
  • Human Rights. Philosophy and Ethics
  • Religious Beliefs as a Form of Philosophy Existence
  • A Complex and Fragmented Approach to Studying the Worldview of Different Nations

Transcendentalism Essay Topics

Transcendentalism, as a new stage in the formation of philosophy, played a key role in its modern appearance. If you are more inclined towards more modernist lines of philosophy, these topics will suit you perfectly:

  • Classical German Philosophy. Rational and Intelligent Thinking
  • Subjectively Realistic Description of the Environment According to Categories of Philosophy
  • The Influence of Transcendentalism on the Ongoing Development of Philosophy Accordingly to the Categories of Multiplicity and Necessity
  • 10 Categories Denoting Deep Connections in being Relative to Transcendentalism: What Unites and Distinguishes Them
  • Scientific Contemplation as a Mental Category through the Prism of the 20s Years of the 20th Century
  • Life at the Intersection of the Past and the Future: Influence on Currents of American Transcendentalism Philosophy
  • Modes of Perception of Time & Time as Duration: New ideas of Transcendentalists or Paraphrasing of Hegel’s Postulates?
  • Ontological Doctrines and their Essential Characteristics: Henry David Thoreau
  • Concepts of Understanding Space and their Qualitative Changes Relative to New Views on Philosophy
  • Nature for Self-Sufficiency as the Main Myth of Philosophy Currents at the Beginning of the 20th Century

Practical Philosophy Essay Topics

The theory is great. However, any science’s practical and applied meaning is interesting for each of us. If you are interested in delving into the use of philosophy in modern society, these topics will not leave you indifferent:

  • Everyday/Life Level of Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Principles. What does It Mean to be Guided by a Certain Life Principle?
  • Approach of Philosophy to the Life of Tibetan Monks – does It Correlate with Reality?
  • Prejudice against Residents of Third World Countries: Reasons for Contempt for Their Mentality and Lifestyle
  • Unpreparedness of College Teachers for Changes in the Education System: What are They Afraid of?
  • Truth as the Last Instance of Communication with People. Is It Always Necessary?
  • The Philosophy of Excessive Consumption in the USA. What Basis does it Have?
  • Does the Concept of One’s Opinion Exist in the Era of Oversaturation of Information?
  • The use of Ancient Greek Postulates in Philosophy Today – is the Appeal to Classical Canons Still Relevant?
  • The Concept of Ethical and Moral Principles in the Era of Excessive Permissiveness.

Enlightenment Essay Topics

Enlightenment played a huge role in all sciences and spheres of human life. It’s a mind-blowing theme to write about. So, if you were looking for some ideas for your Enlightenment essay topic, we’ve prepared the best ones for you:

  • Does the Urge to Study and Develop the Beautiful in Man Still Influence Modern Philosophy?
  • Empiricism and Rationalism: Julien Aufre de Lametre’s Attempt to Unite Them
  • The Concept of Atheistic Speech of Enlightenment: Religious Dogmatics Debunktion by Voltaire
  • Voltaire: Ignorance, Fanaticism, Delusion and Lies Are Cultivated by Christianity
  • The State as a Level of Inequality between the Rich and the Poor, According to Rousseau’s Views.
  • The Immense Book of Nature as an Object of Knowledge According to Denis Diderot
  • The Structure of Existence through Its Concepts: Elements, Substratum, Substance, Objective Reality beyond Human Consciousness and the Condition of Multiplicity.
  • Concepts of Understanding Space and Time in Enlightenment Philosophy
  • “Molecular Motion” by Paul Holbach: What is It?
  • Social Life Based on the Principles of Reason and Justice – “About Reason” Andrian Helvetius

When studying in college, we often receive assignments from our specialty profiles and related subjects. Most of them are given to us for general development. This is often the case with the subject of philosophy. Writing an essay on philosophical topics is both a very interesting and a rather difficult task. It requires a clear and, at the same time, deep expression of your thoughts, their reasoning, and explanation.

The topics of these essays can be very diverse, and the main thing is to choose precisely the topic you will like. In our article, you were able to select a topic to your liking and will be able to write the best paper for the highest score.

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philosophy essay topic ideas

450 Philosophy Topics & Questions for Your Essay

When you start studying philosophy, you may think it’s boring and has nothing to do with the real world. It couldn’t be further from the truth! The study of philosophy deals with the most exciting and mysterious aspects of reality. It is closely connected with science, psychology, art, and politics. Philosophy is an integral part of universal knowledge, as well as our everyday lives. Everyone who had ever asked the question “who am I?” engaged in philosophy.

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  • What is metaphilosophy?
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  • The concepts of the philosophy of self
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  • How philosophical traditions vary by region
  • Modern problems of the philosophy of religion
  • Contemporary issues of environmental philosophy

As you can see, philosophy studies a lot of things, and can be divided into the following branches:

  • Metaphysics studies reality: what it is, what its properties are, where does it come from, and so on. It is also concerned with the problems of personal identity, free will, and religion.
  • Epistemology , which is the study of knowledge and thinking. For example, it asks such philosophical questions as “what is knowledge?” “can knowledge ever be sufficient?” “how can a certain belief be justified?” “how does perception work?” and so on.
  • Logic , which studies arguments and reasoning. It includes such types of thinking as induction, abduction, and deduction.
  • Ethics , which is concerned with the concepts of right and wrong behavior. It studies ethical principles, their origin, and ways by which they can be improved. Ethics also covers controversial subjects, such as abortion, animal rights, and capital punishment.
  • Aesthetics , which is the study of beauty. It includes the study of artworks, perception of beauty, aesthetic experience, and other related concepts.

Socrates quote.

All these different types of philosophies are equally valid and exciting! Choose any of them and have a philosophical discussion about life, justice, happiness, time, or beauty.

  • What is action theory?
  • Definition of anarchism
  • Philosophy of business ethics
  • What is the soul made of?
  • Why you should study logic
  • Are beauty standards objective?
  • Is religion relevant in the modern world?
  • Can happiness be scientifically measured?
  • Does higher intelligence make you less happy?
  • Does personality consist of memories?

✍️ Philosophy Topics

Here you will find a list of philosophy topics for essays, discussions, or presentations. It can be used by high school as well as university students.

Ancient Greece can be regarded as a cradle of Western philosophy. Plato, Aristotle, Socrates, and many others were the first who started questioning the world around us. Initially, Ancient Greek philosophy was interested in the essence of the universe, but then it also became oriented at the problems of consciousness, politics, and existence.

Ancient Greek philosophy periods.

  • Materialism and naturalism of the pre-Socratic period. Pre-Socratic philosophers believed that only matter was real, rejecting the ideas of spirituality. You can compare and contrast it with Platonic idealism .
  • Democritus and pre-Socratic atomism. The concept that all matter is made of small particles dates back to ancient times. You can compare the idea of atomism with what we know today.
  • Pre-Socratic view on knowledge and perception . This topic refers to the idea that we get all information by perceiving images of everything that surrounds us.
  • Diogenes and the Sophists. Sophists believed that the universe is ruled by intelligence. They also popularized ethics and politics as philosophical aspects.
  • What are the key elements of Socrates’ philosophy? Socrates was an enigmatic figure with a unique philosophical outlook. His ideas influenced everything from politics to pop culture.
  • Heraclitus of Ephesus and his school. Philosophers of the Ephesian school believed that everything in the world is connected by a logical structure called Logos. This idea parallels several other concepts, such as the Tao.
  • Plato’s Republic: what is democracy? In the Republic, Plato describes his views on an ideal society . It includes the concepts of what later became communism and totalitarianism.
  • The Eleatic school’s doctrines. It’s a fascinating philosophy paper topic that includes the concept of one omnipotent God as opposed to many gods, as well as new standards of logical reasoning .
  • Philosophy of Empedocles. Empedocles was a pre-Socratic philosopher who introduced the idea of cosmogony and fundamental forces. You can write an excellent essay about how Empedocles’ views are reflected in science.
  • Plato’s ethics. Here you can discuss Plato’s ideas about virtues, happiness, harmony, and other concepts.
  • Plato and idealism. Plato’s central doctrine included the notion of perfect “ideas,” which manifest itself in our material world as all objects. You can write an excellent paper on this subject!
  • Plato: allegory of the cave. In this essay, you may talk about Plato’s concept of reality, definitions of microcosm and microcosm, and the “unifying idea.”
  • Aristotle : logic and dialectic. Aristotle was the first philosopher who formulated the rules of logical reasoning. They were crucial in the development of exact sciences.
  • Aristotle’s Metaphysics and its legacy . You can write an essay about Aristotle’s major work and how it influenced philosophers such as Thomas Aquinas .

Aristotle was the teacher of Alexander the Great.

  • Hellenistic philosophy and Stoicism . The ideas of Stoics originated in Greece but were especially popular in Rome. One of the most prominent stoics, Marcus Aurelius, was also a Roman emperor.
  • Stoicism and Buddhism: a comparison. This exciting philosophy essay topic allows you to compare the common concepts in these very similar philosophies : from self-discipline to eternal recurrence.
  • What are the key characteristics of Skepticism? Ancient skepticism was rooted in the desire to find truth by continually questioning it. See what other ideas made the Skeptics so influential.
  • The concepts of the soul in Ancient Greece. You can include Plato’s Aristotle’s , and the Stoic theory of the soul into this essay.
  • Psychology in Aristotle’s De Anima. Aristotle’s writings often include ideas concerning psychology. In De Anima, he attempts to describe the human mind in connection to psychology, as well as biology.
  • What were Plato’s ideas about aesthetics ? This stunning philosophy paper topic covers Plato’s concept of beauty, art, and inspiration in his dialogues Hippias Major, Republic, and Phaedrus .
  • How did other philosophers influence Plato’s ideas?
  • The Lyceum: Aristotle’s school and its impact.
  • Mathematics and philosophy of Pythagoreanism.
  • What were the concepts of principal substances in Greek philosophy ?
  • Heraclitus: universal flux and the unity of opposites.
  • Cosmological ideas in Ancient Greece: Plato, Aristotle , Heraclitus, Empedocles.
  • Seneca’s views on anger arguments by Aristotle .
  • Explanation of natural phenomena: mythology vs. philosophy .

Explanation of natural phenomena.

  • Xenophanes and monotheism .
  • Melissus of Samos: the concept of “what-is.”
  • Zeno of Elea: the impact of paradoxes on philosophy and science.
  • The philosophy of Democritus: anthropology .
  • Diogenes: the founder of cynicism.
  • Plato’s and Aristotle’s thoughts on knowledge: a comparison .
  • Philosophy of Protagoras: ethics, language, argument.
  • Plato’s concept of reality.
  • Ancient Greek types of love: eros, agape, and philia .
  • Moral Philosophical Views: From Plato to Nussbaum .
  • Theophrastus: ideas on psychology, logic, and metaphysics .
  • What is “the Socratic method?”
  • What is Plato’s theory of recollection?
  • What was Plutarch’s idea of God and daemons?
  • Anaximander’s philosophy: substantial opposites and the origins of things.
  • What was the concept of “logos” in different philosophies ?
  • Diairesis: the Platonic method.
  • Aristotle’s concept of catharsis.
  • The ever-changing nature of reality in ancient philosophy .
  • The concept of pneuma in works of Aristotle and Stoics.
  • What was Homer’s influence on Greek philosophy?
  • The study of ontology in Plato, Aristotle, and Avicenna.
  • Natural philosophy as the prototype of natural science.
  • Moral intention concept in philosophy .
  • Apeiron and other concepts in Anaximander’s cosmological theory.
  • What were Hesiod’s theogony and cosmogony?
  • What is the concept of “becoming” in atomism?
  • What are the definitions of monad and dyad in Pythagoreanism?
  • Eudemonia in works of Socrates, Plato , Aristotle, and Stoics.

Socrates quote.

  • What is the definition of arete in Plato ?
  • What are the forms of the good in Plato’s Republic ?
  • Aristotle’s virtue ethics .
  • Aristotle’s idea of hyle vs. Plato’s eidos.
  • Hylozoism in pre-Socratic philosophies .
  • What is tabula rasa ?
  • Metempsychosis as the concept of reincarnation.
  • Ousia: the feminine principle in Ancient Greek philosophies .
  • What are physis and nomos in pre-Socratic philosophies ?
  • What are Aristotle’s “four causes”?
  • The concept of predication in Ancient Greek philosophy .
  • What is the Euthyphro dilemma ?
  • What Plato meant by “philosopher-king”?
  • The lost city of Atlantis .
  • What was the problem of universals in Ancient Greek philosophy?
  • Golden mean as a virtue and an attribute of beauty.
  • Pyrrhonism and its philosophy.
  • The concepts of episteme and doxa.
  • The problem of the criterion in Pyrrhonism.
  • Acatalepsy vs. katalepsis in Stoicism.
  • What are the main features of Homeric worldview?
  • Aporia in rhetorics.
  • What is Platonic realism ?
  • Ionian school and its philosophies.
  • Trivium: the three arts of discourse .
  • Pathos in Aristotle and other philosophers.
  • Aristotle’s views on euthanasia .
  • Isocrates: rhetoric and influence.
  • What is the place of hedone in Aristotle’s ethics ?
  • Tetrapharmakos and other Ancient Greek views on happiness .
  • Epicureanism vs. Stoicism.
  • The philosophy of Epicureanism .
  • Logic and ethics in works of Antisthenes.

Medieval philosophy was mostly focused on studying nature and religion. The most popular school of thought at that time was Scholasticism. It refers to a particular way of teaching and education. The Classical ideas mostly lost their influence, though some philosophers tried to incorporate the ideas of Ancient Greeks into their doctrines.

  • Roger Bacon’s re-interpretation of Aristotle . In this philosophy essay, you can write about Bacon’s views on soul-body dualism , matter, universals, and knowledge

Roger Bacons re-interpretation of Aristotle.

  • Robert Grosseteste as the founder of the modern scientific tradition. This philosopher was one of the most remarkable figures in Medieval England. His ideas in theology and natural sciences helped to make Oxford the center of intellectual life.
  • Aquinas’ five proofs of God’s existence vs. Aristotle’s four causes: a comparison. Aquinas’ Five Ways are exciting from a logical point of view. You can discuss each of them and find parallels with Aristotle’s causes of being.
  • Augustine of Hippo’s idea of illumination vs. Plato’s conception of recollection: a comparison. Similarly, you can compare the theory of illumination with Plato’s “prior knowledge.”
  • Aquinas : logic and debate. Aquinas famously came up with a very effective model of debate. It is based on Ancient Greek ideas and is based on including both thesis and antithesis.
  • Avicenna: metaphysics . Avicenna’s study of metaphysics was aimed at understanding the connections between all things in the world. It includes his “cause chains” and the concept of intelligence .
  • Augustine’s philosophy of language. Write an essay about the connections between Augustine’s thoughts and Stoic theories of grammar. Mention his original ideas, too.
  • John Duns Scotus’ natural theology . Here you can discuss Scotus’ elaborate arguments for the existence of God as the first cause of everything.
  • Rucelinus as the founder of nominalism. Nominalism is based on the rejection of everything abstract, as well as the absence of universals.
  • What makes the Ockham’s razor principle so widely applicable? William of Ockham was a nominalist, too, and preferred simple explanations to miracles. His “razor” method is still considered very effective.
  • What did Averroes contribute to philosophy and law?
  • Aquinas : knowledge and perception.

Thomas Aquinas quote.

  • The medieval conception of motion: Aristotle vs. Avicenna.
  • Avicenna’s views on natural science and atomism.
  • Cosmological argument as a philosophical concept .
  • Augustine’s ethics: eudaimonism in the context of Christianity.
  • Augustine’s understanding of memory .
  • What was St. Anselm’s conception of divine attributes?
  • What were the ways of integrating sacred doctrine with secular learning in medieval philosophy?
  • In what ways does faith relate to reason in medieval philosophies?
  • Medieval theology as philosophy of religion .
  • Scholasticism: principal characteristics.
  • How did Averroes re-interpret Aristotle’s idea of time ?
  • The Scholastics attitude towards Aristotle .
  • Religious concepts in Eastern philosophy .
  • What characterized the problem of universals in medieval philosophy?
  • Peter Abelard: dialectics and conceptualism.
  • Guillaume de Champeaux: the founder of moderate realism.
  • What was Peter Lombard’s concept of marriage ?
  • What was Albert the Great’s interpretation of Aristotelian metaphysics?
  • Christian teaching of St Augustine .
  • The discourse of the Apologetics : Islam, Hinduism, Judaism.
  • Philosophical apologetics : main categories of arguments.
  • What characterized the idea of a human soul in Aquinas and Augustine ?
  • The doctrines of John Wycliffe.
  • Plato’s role in medieval concept of soul-body dualism.
  • Theological approaches comparison: Thomas of Aquinas and Saint Augustine .
  • What was the philosophy of the Dominican order ?
  • The problem of free will : theological point of view.
  • What are the concepts of sin and divine providence?
  • What was Bonaventure’s conception of creation?
  • John Duns Scotus’ contribution to Aristotelian study of matter.
  • East and West teachings’ concepts differences .
  • What characterized Albert of Saxony’s logic and metaphysics ?
  • Nicholas of Autrecourt’s concepts of experience and perception.
  • Insolubilia, or the “liar paradox”, in medieval philosophy.
  • Richard Kilvington’s theology: influences and legacy.
  • What was the problem of theodicy in medieval philosophy?
  • William of Ockham: the notion of mental language.

Occam’s razor principle.

  • The concept and discourse of the divine freedom .

The fundamental concept of the Renaissance philosophy is humanism. It appeared as an alternative to strict religious doctrines of the Medieval period. The main inspiration for the Renaissance philosophy came from Ancient Greek and Roman sources, that’s why it is called Renaissance: a “rebirth” of classical philosophy.

  • The concept of “renaissance man”. “Renaissance man” is defined as someone who embraced all available knowledge and used their full potential. See what outstanding Renaissance personalities fit this description!
  • Roger Bacon’s contribution to philosophy and sciences. This philosophy paper topic includes Bacon’s ideas about logic, semiotics , optics, and other subjects. Bacon is a prime example of a “renaissance man” who excelled in many areas.
  • Why is Petrarch called the “father of humanism “? Discuss Petrarch’s attitude towards ancient authors, and how his writings gave rise to a humanist philosophy that defined Renaissance .
  • Tommaso Campanella’s The City of the Sun as a utopia . This book was inspired by Plato’s Republic and Atlantis, and it describes a perfect world united by a theocratic monarchy.
  • Plato’s influence in the Renaissance era vs. Aristotelianism in the Middle Age. It’s an interesting philosophical topic that can show you why during the Renaissance humanism became so popular.
  • Humanists vs. Calvinists: a comparison. Here you can write about the Calvinist concept of predestination and Humanist idea of freedom.
  • François Rabelais as a humanist. Discuss Rabelais’ Gargantua and Pantagruel books and point out humanist ideas in them!
  • The Renaissance critique of scholasticism. With the rise of humanism , scholasticism lost its popularity. It was now considered formalistic and too rigid. Find out why!
  • In what ways does Calvinism parallel capitalism? The way Calvinist influenced capitalism and the American Dream can be an excellent topic for an essay or a research paper.
  • How did Machiavelli bring humanism into politics? Niccolo Machiavelli revolutionized the concept of politics. He promoted the idea of ambition and innovation as opposed to virtue.

Niccolo Machiavelli quote.

  • The critique of Pelagianism by Jerome and Augustine .
  • Desiderius Erasmus of Rotterdam’s “Christian humanism.”
  • Jacques Lefèvre d’Étaples’s role in Protestant reformation .
  • Thomas More’s Utopia .
  • Giovanni Pico della Mirandola’s “manifesto of the Renaissance”.
  • How did Martin Luther’s theology change Europe ?
  • John Calvin and his philosophy .
  • Mona Lisa and Renaissance humanism .
  • Who were the heretics?
  • Nominalism: impact on doubting faith.
  • What philosophical, intellectual, and political conditions led to the Reformation ?
  • Skepticism during the Renaissance period.
  • How did Paul of Venice expand on Averroes’ ideas?
  • The question of the immortality of the soul in Renaissance-era philosophy.
  • What characterized Nicoletto Vernia’s gnoseology and logic?
  • Pietro Pomponazzi’s discussion of the supernatural .
  • Jacopo Zabarella’s new method of scientific inquiry .
  • What was Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa’s Pyrrhonic skepticism ?
  • What were Lorenzo Valla’s methods of textual analysis and criticism?
  • How did Rudolph Agricola revolutionize rhetorical studies?
  • Why is Juan Luis Vives considered “the father of modern psychology ?”
  • Political influence of William Shakespeare .
  • The evolution of psychology during the Renaissance period : spiritual and biological aspects.
  • What characterized Platonism and Neoplatonism in the Renaissance era?
  • How did Marsilio Ficino merge ideas of both Plato and Aristotle ?
  • The history of European alchemy .
  • John Dee’s philosophy, alchemy, and divination.
  • Magic and science in Giovanni Pico della Mirandola and Marsilio Ficino.
  • What were Nicholas of Cusa’s political and philosophical contributions?
  • What was the influence of Kabbalah in Renaissance-era Italy?
  • What were the key differences between medieval and Renaissance notions of probability?
  • What characterized Bessarion’s Neoplatonic views on science?
  • The concept of Platonic love in Ficino, Bembo, and Leone Ebreo.
  • Michel de Montaigne’s skepticism and its legacy.
  • René Descartes’ philosophy and influence .

Rene Descartes quote.

  • Francisco Sanches: empirical skepticism .
  • Pierre Gassendi and atomism of the Renaissance era.
  • Bernardino Telesio’s critique of metaphysics and the importance of empiricism .
  • The legacy of Giordano Bruno .
  • Franciscus Patricius’ theory of the universe .

Classical German philosophy is synonymous with Idealism. The most influential philosopher of that period, Immanuel Kant, paved the way for the exploration of human will, consciousness, and ego. Later the ideas of idealists inspired psychoanalysis.

  • How did Johann Gottlieb Fichte transform Kant’s critical idealism into absolute idealism? It includes the elimination of the “thing-in-itself” concept and proclaiming the self as the ultimate reality .
  • Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling’s absolute idealism . According to von Schelling, everything we see are the works of imagination, and nature itself is spiritual. These ideas influenced German Romanticism.
  • How did Kant differentiate modes of thinking? In this essay, you can discuss analytic and synthetic propositions, their definitions, and applicability.
  • Kant’s ethical ideas . See how they’re connected to his belief in everyone’s fundamental freedom.
  • How did Immanuel Kant influence other philosophers? Kant was hugely influential: in particular, he provided the basis for what later became Marxism .
  • Leibniz’s concept of knowledge . You can include Leibniz’s idea that it’s possible to understand everything in the world with the help of logic and analysis.
  • How did Indian philosophy influence Schopenhauer ? For example, you can study the influence of Buddhism in Schopenhauer’s idea that the world is full of suffering , which can be overcome by way of renunciation.
  • What did Nietzsche mean by saying that “God is dead”? This quote is often misunderstood. In fact, it is hinting at the fact that traditional values have lost their power.
  • What were Immanuel Kant’s antinomies? Antinomies are contradictions that can both be justified. They create logical paradoxes.
  • What are the main points of Kant’s transcendentalism ? In short, transcendental idealism focuses on the self as the center of reality. People get information about the outer world, but it will never be able to know the world as it is.
  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and his philosophy.

Hegel quote.

  • The problem of subjectivity and consciousness in German Idealism .
  • What are paralogisms?
  • Ends-in-themselves and means-to-ends: definition and comparison.
  • What is Hegel’s absolute spirit?
  • Schopenhauer ‘s philosophy of pessimism.
  • How did Nietzsche influence the ideas of the National Socialists?
  • Kierkegaard’s angst and “fear and trembling.”
  • What are Leibniz’s contributions to metaphysics and epistemology ?
  • Benedict de Spinoza and his doctrines.
  • F.W.J. Schelling’s understanding of nature.
  • Ethics and moral philosophy in Kant, Nietzsche, and others .
  • Schelling’s identity philosophy .
  • Ludwig Feuerbach anthropological materialism .
  • Kierkegaard’s conception of irony.
  • What were Christian Thomasius’ views on reason and prejudice ?
  • What was Christian Wolff’s role in German philosophical thought?
  • What are the main features of Pietism?
  • Who were the Thomasians?
  • How did Sturm und Drang movement influence philosophy?
  • Baumgarten’s Aesthetica and the concept of art.
  • What characterized Elisabeth of the Palatinate’s critique of Descartes ?
  • Johann Wolfgang von Goethe’s impact on German philosophy .
  • What did Johann Gottfried Herder mean by “the great chain of being”?
  • What was Richard Warner’s influence on Nietzsche’s philosophy ?
  • What was Johanna Charlotte Unzer’s contribution to feminism ?
  • Friedrich Hölderlin as an Idealist.
  • Epistemology and metaphysics: philosophers views .
  • What are Karl Marx’s concepts of labor, class, and capital ?
  • What were Schleiermacher’s thoughts on psychology and knowledge?
  • What was Schleiermacher’s influence on Gadamer and Heidegger?
  • What were Nietzsche’s main “positive values?”
  • What was Nietzsche’s interpretation of nihilism?
  • Nietzsche’s doctrine of “will to power.”
  • What impact had Eastern philosophy on Nietzsche’s work ?
  • Nietzsche’s concept of Apollonian vs. Dionysian and its impact on culture.
  • What was the role of Plato and Aristotle in classical German philosophy?
  • Leibniz’s vs. Pythagorean theory of monads: a comparison.
  • What is Leibniz’s “fundamental question of metaphysics ?”
  • Gottfried Leibniz’s contribution to logic.

David Hume quote.

In the 20th century, philosophy was developing just as rapidly as technology. New standards of living, change of values, wars, and conflicts led to increased disappointment and alienation among people. Philosophers of that era tried to reflect on these changes and come up with new outlooks on life and the world around us.

  • Karl Popper’s concept of three worlds. This philosophy topic includes the analysis of three categories of reality (physical objects, mental works, and objective knowledge ) and their interactions.
  • How did the theory of relativity and quantum mechanics influence idealism in the 20th century? It’s a terrific philosophy question that shows the complexity of our reality.
  • The philosophy of modernism as a reflection of societal changes. It includes the massive influence of art on modernism . See what led to the rejection of realism and increased focus on personal experience.
  • Lyotard’s Postmodern Condition: technology, communication, and mass media . Lyotard’s book offers a surprisingly accurate glimpse into the 21st century’s spread of communication technologies . It can be an exciting paper topic.
  • Marxism-Leninism : key concepts and legacy. In this essay, you can discuss world revolutions , vanguardism, and other concepts that led to the popularity and eventual demise of Marxist-Leninist philosophy.
  • Marxism vs. Freudism differences . Freudism was based on psychoanalysis; later, Freud’s ideas about the human psyche were expanded into a philosophy concerned with society as a whole.
  • Slavoj Zizek’s concept of The Real. Inspired by Lacan’s psychoanalysis , Zizek formulated a classification of different types of The Real. He provided examples from pop culture, such as The Matrix .
  • Feminist philosophers: Rosa Luxemburg , Sandra Bartky, Julia Kristeva . While the philosophy of the 20th century was dominated by men, there were also many outstanding women. You can choose to write about them!
  • Foucault’s theories of power, knowledge, and subjectivity. Foucault’s philosophy was very influential in society, as well as in the arts. In many ways, he shaped postmodernism as we know it.
  • Deconstruction as a critique of Platonism. Deconstructivism concerned everything from architecture to queer studies. It was influenced by Nietzsche and critiqued Plato’s idea of forms .
  • Walter Benjamin ‘s “angel of history.” This is a wonderful topic that covers Benjamin’s concept of history and the importance of remembering the past exactly as it was.

Walter Benjamin quote.

  • Jacque Derrida’s key concepts: an overview. Here you can discuss the ideas Derrida introduced to philosophy as well as literature studies and politics.
  • Karl Marx views on history . Karl Marx’s historical materialism was tremendously influential in early socialist societies. Explore it in your essay!
  • Theodore Herzl and Zionism . This philosophy topic is closely connected with 20th-century history. You can also discuss arguments for and against Zionism .
  • Jacques Lacan’s impact on philosophy , linguistics, and film theory . Discuss Lacan’s concepts such as the “mirror stage” and” the Other” in your philosophy essay!
  • International development, colonialism, social inequality and class stratification . This topic is centered on the influence of the colonial past on today’s politics. You’d be surprised to see how much colonial worldview affected almost every facet of life in all countries.
  • Behaviorism and philosophy of mind. It’s a very interesting branch of philosophy that has elements of natural science, linguistics, and psychology . See what different approaches to behavior were proposed by philosophers, and describe them in an argumentative essay!
  • Being-in-itself in Heidegger and Sartre . This topic is closely connected with several other concepts, such as Dasein and bad faith, and it can be an excellent theme for an extended research paper.
  • John Searle’s “Chinese room.” It is an exciting topic about the philosophical aspects of artificial intelligence . “Chinese room” is a thought experiment that led to many curious replies.
  • Existentialism in Jean-Paul Sartre’s Nausea: an analysis . Here you can study one of the most brilliant books of the 20th century from the philosophical point of view! Discuss what made Sartre’s Nausea so famous and influential.
  • Anarchism in the 20th century: the classical era.
  • Communism: theory and reality .
  • The fundamental concepts of existentialism: angst, despair, the absurd .

Edward R. Murrow quote.

  • Existentialism in France after WWII: key figures.
  • Karl Popper’s critique of historicism.
  • Determinism : mathematical models and the quantum realm.
  • Post-modernism vs. modernism: a comparison.
  • Foucault’s conceptions of biopower and biopolitics.
  • Structuralism concept in philosophy .
  • What was Karl Marx’s idea of a higher-stage communist society?
  • Friedrich Engels ‘ socialism vs. the Soviet economic model.
  • How Aristotle and other Greeks influenced Heidegger?
  • Heidegger’s concepts of “present-at-hand” and “ready-to-hand.”
  • Bertrand Russell and analytical philosophy .
  • What was Frankfurt school’s dialectical method of investigation?
  • Freudian perspective on dreams .
  • Jaques Maritain and neo-Thomism.
  • What were the breakthroughs of 20th-century feminism ?
  • What was the influence of war and globalization on the late 20th-century anarchism ?
  • Queer theory and philosophy of gender.
  • The concept of the Other in philosophy, psychology, and film.
  • The power of ideas: from ancient to modern philosophies .
  • Hans-Georg Gadamer’s philosophical hermeneutics .
  • What are the key ideas of Jean-Paul Sartre’s philosophy ?
  • Simone de Beauvoir’s existentialist philosophy .
  • What is the concept of Dasein in Heidegger’s Being and Time ?
  • The Decline of the West: what caused Oswald Spengler’s bleak outlook on the future?
  • Philosophical views of Albert Camus : absurdism, existentialism, anarcho-syndicalism.
  • Absurdism: parallels with nihilism and existentialism .
  • Nihilism in the 20th century: Deleuze , Derrida, Heidegger, Lyotard.
  • Jean Baudrillard: the concept of simulacra .
  • Camus’s The Stranger and Rousseau’s Natural Man .
  • How do Derrida’s concepts of différance and trace correspond to ideas of Plato and Aristotle ?
  • What was Edmund Husserl’s contribution to phenomenology?
  • Roland Barthes’ semiotics and structuralism .
  • “Death of the Author”: Bartes vs. Foucault .
  • Hannah Arendt : the origins of Nazism and Stalinism.
  • Julius Evola’s critique of fascism and national-socialism.
  • Iris Murdoch’s philosophy and influences.
  • Feminist philosophers: Rosa Luxemburg, Sandra Bartky, Julia Kristeva.
  • How did Russian cosmism influence space exploration?
  • What was Heidegger’s influence on Sartre’s Being and Nothingness?
  • Of Grammatology: Derrida’s critique of structuralism .
  • Henry Thoreau’s Civil Disobedience .
  • Berlin and Vienna circles of logical positivism and their characteristics.
  • Marxist feminism as opposed to the exploitation of women in capitalism.
  • The Communist Manifesto and its legacy .

The Communist Manifesto quote.

  • The concept of social privilege from Du Bois to the late 20th century.
  • Richard Taylor’s view of cruelty and compassion .
  • The development of the “collective conscious” concept.
  • Emile Zola’s positivism.
  • Activity theory and its field of usage.
  • The philosophy of Maoism.
  • What is “Moore’s paradox,” and how can it be used?
  • Philosophy of artificial intelligence .
  • Umberto Eco’s philosophical works.
  • What are the characteristics of empiricism?
  • The “cultural turn” of the ’70s.
  • Claude Lévi-Strauss: philosophical and anthropological ideas.
  • Social character and social psychology .
  • Georg Simmel’s philosophy of money .
  • What is the role of classical pragmatism in the development of feminist theories ?
  • Jane Addams and her ethical principles .
  • Holism in philosophy: an overview.
  • Can the concept of noosphere be considered real?
  • Pierre Teilhard de Chardin: controversies and influence on the New Age movement.
  • Bertrand Russell’s Problems of Philosophy .
  • Edmund Husserl’s phenomenology of temporality.
  • Intentism: authorial intent vs. death of the author.
  • The concept of aboutness in philosophy of mind .

The basic definition of ethics is “moral philosophy.” It is concerned with the problems of good and evil, right and wrong, and everything in-between. The first ethical teachings appeared in ancient times, but they’ve always been changing throughout history, and they vary among different nations.

  • What are the three main theories of ethics ? In this essay, you can talk about utilitarian, deontological , and virtue ethics as the basis for ethical reasoning.
  • What are the main principles of utilitarian ethics ? The main appeal of utilitarianism is its promise to produce greater good for a greater number of people. However, it also has a number of dubious aspects.
  • What is Internet ethics? Write about the ethical problems of the information age and discuss their role in globalization.

Internet ethics.

  • Virtue ethics and its main concepts . This topic includes the definitions of virtues and vices given from different points of view. You can also trace these concepts throughout the history of philosophy and show how they have changed.
  • What are the main challenges of deontological ethics ? Here you can discuss problems that arise out of the principle “people should be treated with respect according to their rights.”
  • The problem of free will . The discussion of moral responsibility and control can serve as an excellent basis for a research paper!
  • What are the peculiarities of Chinese ethics? Confucianism, Daoism, Buddhism , and globalization – see what influenced the ethics of Chinese people over the course of history.
  • The ethics of religious belief: Christianity, Judaism , Islam, Buddhism. Different religions have their ethical peculiarities. Some people argue that without religious belief , a person can’t be moral. Discuss it in your paper!
  • Personal information, privacy , and other ethical issues of Internet search engines. You can mention both the positive and negative aspects of private data collection via search engines.
  • The ethics of cultural appropriation . It is a controversial topic that should include the definition of what can and can’t be qualified as offensive. Discuss past events, such as colonialism, that contributed to the problem of cultural appropriation .
  • What are the specifics of feminist ethics?
  • Gender binarism as an ethical issue.
  • Emotions: definition of love .
  • The ethics of the US voting system .
  • What are the distinctive features of morality ?
  • The concepts of freedom and responsibility in relation to metaethics.
  • The benefits of “human-values approach” to computer ethics .
  • Ethics of working environment .
  • What are the main views on public health ethics?
  • What are the ethical problems of human tests in clinical research ?
  • The milestones of animal rights activism.
  • What is beneficence and benevolence in ethical theory?
  • The ethical problems of social justice .
  • Business ethics: from Ancient Greece to modern era.
  • Confronting physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia .
  • Environmental ethics and deep ecology.
  • What are the ethical issues of Manifest Destiny ?
  • Bioethics and its main disciplines.
  • Axiology: the relations between ethics and aesthetics.

Plato quote.

  • What are the issues of organ donation ?
  • Neutrality vs. moral agency in ethics of technology.
  • What are the central moral issues of human enhancement?
  • The “is-ought problem” of evolutionary ethics.
  • The issues of human/non-human chimera creation.
  • Should animals have the same rights as humans?
  • What is the definition and issues of informed consent ?
  • The moral challenges of parent-child relationships .
  • The ethics of war: the “just war” theory .
  • What’s the difference between utilitarianism and hedonism?
  • Ethics in psychotherapy : principles and issues.
  • Conscience and its main characteristics.
  • What are the moral issues of stem cell research?
  • Disability ethics: promotion and optimization.
  • What is the role of ethics in education?
  • The principles of global justice.
  • Gender issues in public ethics.
  • What is the difference between ethical and unethical marketing ?
  • Abolition of capital punishment .
  • What are the possible ethical questions of postmortem autopsies?
  • Should abortions be legal?

🧐 Top 50 Philosophical Questions

  • Is there such a thing as free will?
  • What are the constituents of a good life ?
  • Can mathematical concepts be considered real?
  • Does chaos always triumph over order?
  • What is the role of religion in modern society?
  • Can a lie be justified ?
  • Should we strive for immortality ?
  • What makes us human?
  • Is evil a necessary part of life?
  • Is it possible to find answers to all questions about the Universe ?
  • What’s the point of art?
  • Is there such a thing as destiny ?
  • Does knowledge make up happier?
  • Can we separate art from the artist ?
  • Do our small actions affect the world?
  • Is it possible to know a person completely?
  • Does power corrupt?
  • Is religion necessary for morality?
  • Is hedonism a right way of life?
  • What does it mean to be conscious ?
  • What makes a genius ?
  • Can thoughts exist without language?
  • Why do people need poetry and fiction?
  • Can a murder be justified?
  • Is there inherent order in nature?
  • What are the limits of free speech ?

Kierkegaard quote.

  • Is media censorship necessary?
  • Why is beauty associated with morality?
  • How can we eliminate prejudice ?
  • How will the spread of AI change the world ?
  • Should genetic engineering be allowed?
  • Is it possible to bridge the gap between the wealthy and the poor?
  • Is democracy an effective way of government?
  • Why have women been oppressed throughout history?
  • Can perfect laws ever be created?
  • Why do many people like conspiracy theories ?
  • Is a formal education important ?
  • Will there be an end to technological progress ?
  • Is it possible to be completely free?
  • How much do genetics influence human personality?
  • Is there such a thing as synchronicity?
  • Should animals be used in medical experiments?
  • Why is it important to preserve cultural heritage ?
  • Should coma patients be kept on life support?
  • What is the true nature of time?
  • Is it possible to free ourselves from all material thoughts?
  • Why is success so important to people?
  • Why are people afraid of death ?
  • Is there such a thing as soulmates?
  • How much freedom should children have?

Throughout history, philosophers have developed many schools of thought. Their ideas vary, but they’re also interconnected. Here is the list of philosophies from Philosophy 101 book that will help you prepare for exam or test:

Receive a plagiarism-free paper tailored to your instructions.

  • Aristotelianism is a school of thought inspired by Aristotle and his followers. Aristotle rejected Plato’s concept of “ideas” and placed more emphasis on practical wisdom. He also developed what we know as the deductive method of reasoning, as well as a highly influential idea that everything has a purpose. Aristotelianism served as a basis for Scholasticism.
  • Atomism is an ancient idea that everything in the world is made out of tiny “atoms.” It proved to be very accurate in the Modern era. The conception of atoms was used not only in natural sciences but also as a way to answer philosophical questions, such as “ why does everything change? “
  • Cynicism can be considered a way of life. The Cynics opposed conventions and lived in harmony with nature. They were also famously straightforward and advocated free speech. The most prominent Cynic was Diogenes.

Diogenes famous antics.

  • Stoicism was partially inspired by cynics. Stoics such as Seneca and Epictetus thought that a true sage should be impassionate and calm. They taught people not to worry about things beyond one’s control and that “virtue is sufficient for happiness.”
  • Platonism was founded by Plato. According to him, there exists another realm beyond our material world. It is filled with abstract objects (“ideas” or “forms”) which manifest themselves in our world as concrete objects of different kinds. Platonism was popular during the Renaissance, and it served as a basis for Idealism and Humanism.
  • Zen Buddhist philosophy originates from Japan. It aims at attaining perfection by way of achieving enlightenment. According to Zen Buddhists, all things in life are equally important. A person should always live “here and now,” and free themselves from all unnecessary thoughts and feelings.
  • Scholasticism can be characterized as a method of learning. Initially, it was meant to combine the ideas of Christianity with Aristotelian philosophy. Later it encompassed logic, science, psychology, linguistics, and many other elements. Scholasticism introduced many essential aspects of logical reasoning, such as thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. It was especially popular during the Middle Ages.
  • Humanism was the leading philosophical school during the Renaissance. It was influenced by the Italian poet Petrarch, who popularized classical Greek writings. It lead to the re-discovery of Ancient Greek philosophers, such as Plato, as well as classical arts and literature. Humanism was characterized by the increased importance of human life as opposed to God, striving for perfection, and reliance on scientific methods.
  • Existentialism is a significant philosophical school of the 19th-20th centuries. In the center of existentialism was a person with their unique subjective experience. Some of the leading Existentialists, such as Sartre, were novelists and influenced literature with their writings. It also influenced psychology by introducing concepts of anxiety and dread.
  • Absurdism is closely related to Existentialism. Its main idea is that searching for the meaning of life is meaningless, as it does more harm than good. We must come to terms with the absurdity of the universe and learn to accept it as it is, without resorting to religion.
  • Idealism is another influential school of philosophy which is based on Platonism. It emphasizes the mind and human perception. Some Idealists postulate that the world is an illusion, and only what’s inside our minds is real. Immanuel Kant is considered the most influential Idealist. He argued that the brain perceives reality in a distorted way, and we can never see things as they really are.
  • Postmodernism is one of the most prominent philosophical schools of the 20th century. It re-contextualized the notions of identity, reality, difference, and meaning while introducing new concepts. Postmodernism can be described as playful, skeptical, and ambiguous.
  • Marxism is a philosophical school that played a massive role in the history of the 20th century. It is mostly concerned with economics and sociology. It introduced the ideas of the proletariat, class struggle, and socialism. These concepts became crucial in the development of Socialist and Communist societies, such as the USSR and China. The most prominent Marxist thinkers are Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.
  • Feminist philosophy is focused on justice for women, as well as marginalized groups. It fights prejudice and tackles many controversial topics, such as racism and disability. Besides, feminists rethink existing philosophical ideas and make their original contributions to philosophy and science.

Writing a philosophy essay can be a great experience! It teaches you to see the problem from different angles, analyze it, and improve your critical thinking. Besides, studying a philosophy topic allows you to learn new things about the world and even about yourself!

First of all, you need to choose a good paper topic . It can be a classic philosophy topic concerning different schools of thought, or it can be a more abstract existential question. If the problem is too broad, try to narrow it down as much as possible. Also, if you’re only starting to study philosophy, find an easy topic that you can work with. Choose something that will be interesting for you to research!

When you come up with a theme, think of something you can discuss from different sides . Philosophy is all about questioning, debating, and a deeper understanding of things, both real and hypothetical. If you choose to write about the works of a famous philosopher, go ahead and add your own thoughts on the topic!

e.g., Plato’s Republic has many outstanding ideas, but I disagree with his concept of selecting the wisest people to be rulers.

The second step is the thesis statement . Express the main point of your essay or paper in one sentence. It is possible to write it at a later stage. However, if you start with a thesis statement, it would help you stay on topic. It should present the aim of your paper and convince the readers that your work is important. It will also be beneficial if you write an outline!

Just 13.00 10.40/page , and you can get an custom-written academic paper according to your instructions

e.g., Socratic dialogue helped to advance the way of thinking.

Then you come up with arguments for and against your thesis statement . This way, you’ll see the subject from multiple points of view, and you’ll be able to discuss it more fully.

You can present your arguments in different ways:

Present arguments.

The arguments can be positive or negative – that is, they can either support or refute the thesis statement. You can use evidence from life or quote the ideas of other philosophers. If you’ve chosen a big philosophical question, e.g., “ what is the meaning of life? ” you can select arguments for related problems, such as “should everything always have meaning?” or “why is meaning important?” Don’t forget to show how all these questions are related to your main topic!

e.g., the Socratic method can be very beneficial in education and psychotherapy; at the same time, it may be used for manipulating people.

When coming up with arguments, choose only the strongest ones . The same thing goes for examples. They can be empirical or hypothetical, but most important of all, credible. As philosophy is interconnected with all kinds of arts and sciences, you can find your evidence everywhere: in fiction, physics, or psychology. The choice is yours!

We are sure that these tips will help you to write a perfect philosophy paper. Now it’s time to choose your topic and get started! Good luck!

The most interesting topics in philosophy are usually concerned with politics, the human mind, and ethics. They can also be inspired by modern-day problems. E.g. how does philosophy apply to an AI, or can AI become better than humans.

Philosophy covers a vast number of topics. They can be related to everything from politics to quantum physics. There are classical questions, such as the purpose of life, but also new topics about the modern world, like computer ethics.

The Greek philosopher Socrates is often called the father of western philosophy. He taught his disciples the importance of asking questions, showing that philosophy is the art of searching for the truth.

There are five major areas of philosophy: metaphysics, epistemology, logic, ethics, and aesthetics. They study reality, knowledge, debate, morality, and beauty.

🔎 References

  • Scholasticism: Philosophy Basics
  • Renaissance Philosophy: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • History of Philosophy | Ancient Philosophy: Illinois State University
  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: Main Page
  • Ethics: Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Virtue Ethics: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Ethical Theories: The Arthur W. Page Center
  • Atomism: Encyclopedia Britannica
  • A Brief Guide to Writing a Philosophy Paper: Harvard University
  • Feminist Philosophy: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • What is Marxism: All About Philosophy
  • Idealism: CUNY
  • Postmodernism Philosophy: Encyclopedia Britannica
  • Ancient Greek and Roman Philosophy: Encyclopedia Britannica
  • What is Philosophy?: Florida State University
  • Karl Marx | Biography, Philosophy and Facts: Famous Philosophers
  • Kant and the Foundations of Analytic Philosophy: Academia
  • Immanuel Kant: International Bureau of Education
  • Friedrich Nietzsche Philosophy: The Quintessential Mind
  • German Idealism: New World Encyclopedia
  • Greek Philosophy: Ancient History Encyclopedia
  • Medieval Philosophy: Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Medieval Philosophy: The University of Tennessee Martin
  • Renaissance Philosophy Review: Birkbeck University of London
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100+ Philosophy Research Paper Topics

philosophy paper topics

One of the most difficult tasks philosophy students faces each year is in having to come up with a philosophy topic to write a paper on. Students can get notifications of big projects months ahead of time and then spend weeks trying to figure out whether their philosophy essay topics are good enough to earn a good grade.

We get it. It’s hard to pull this task together with schedules and responsibilities. This is why we work to find philosophical topics that are current and relatable. We stick to important issues that are at the forefront of the discipline and bring them to you in one convenient philosophical topic for the essay list.

Finding the right philosophy topics can turn regular assignments into A+-winning assignments and we’ve done the work to help you and hundreds of other students get started with these philosophy paper topics. Here are our top 100 philosophy topics for the current school year:

Argumentative Philosophy Research Paper Topics

  • Do people naturally have good and bad qualities?
  • Do we need family support to find happiness?
  • How humans can be happy without reproduction?
  • What is the definitive explanation of happiness?
  • Do most people feel they aren’t living their full lives?
  • Would you marry for money if it meant you could never be happy?
  • Would you like to live your life more than once?
  • Would you rather work vocationalation job or a high-paying job?
  • Are personalities unique or are they just template?
  • Do you think that it is moral to follow all the rules?

Good Philosophy Paper Topics for All Levels

  • Does one need to lead a moral life to achieve happiness?
  • Why do people find life harder than expected?
  • Which is the better teacher? Experience or learning?
  • Do people always do what they want at that moment?
  • Is truth universal or does it change because of perspective?
  • Do animals have a better sense of morals than humans?
  • Can people gain an education without proper schooling?
  • Does one need to be literate to understand philosophy?
  • Which ie preferable? Determinism or Free Will?
  • Is capital punishment ethical in today’s world?

Controversial Topics in Philosophy

  • How does society shape a person’s life and beliefs?
  • Do you need a lot of money to live a rich life?
  • Why are some people living without actually experiencing things?
  • Is spiritual power more important than free will?
  • Do genetics play a bigger role in the way people behave?
  • What impact does the word “love” have on positivity?
  • What is the real reason we live our lives?
  • Is it possible to form a perfect world?
  • Do religion and philosophy contradict one another?
  • Can a world exist without laws or regulations?

Fun Philosophy Paper Topics for High School

  • What would be your form ideal government?
  • What are the different ways in which humans understand each other?
  • How is the concept of happiness defined by different philosophers?
  • Is existence simply a dream experienced by a larger being?
  • If you can spend a week in any period, which would it be?
  • Are we alone in our galaxy or are there other intelligent life forms?
  • What does it mean to have free will versus determinism?
  • If you can change one thing from your past, what would it be?
  • Does religion limit our abilities to explore the meaning of life?
  • What does it mean to be loved or to love others?

Topics for Philosophy Paper on the Classics

  • What does it mean to understand our universe?
  • Does happiness come from our actions toward others?
  • Are our thoughts evidence that we exist?
  • What is the definition of evil as it relates to the modern world?
  • Could societies exist without laws and regulations?
  • Are people born good or evil or are they raised to be one or the other?
  • Is torture a justifiable form of punishment?
  • How can past leaders influence today’s youth positively?
  • Is beauty truly in the eye of the beholder?
  • Can we refocus our minds to think more positively?

Easy Philosophy Paper Topics for High School

  • What does it mean to be moral in today’s world?
  • Can wars be justified if it supports the greater population?
  • What does it mean to be a postmodern philosopher?
  • What are today’s most important life values?
  • What is the current perspective on the definition of loneliness?
  • How does one prepare for life after death?
  • Would you like to repeat your life with full knowledge of the prior?
  • Does something better than nothing always lead to benefits?
  • Do people choose to suffer or is it a feeling beyond our control?
  • Should people have to right to die by suicide?

Philosophy Topics to Write About Quickly

  • Do we exist in some form after death?
  • Do supernatural entities exist in the world?
  • Are video games negatively impacting people’s moral values?
  • How does one boost his or her ability to be creative?
  • Is it important to spend your entire life learning?
  • What does it mean to be mentally conscious?
  • What is the definition of loneliness and have you experienced it?
  • What are the most important character traits for leaders to have?
  • Does one need a lot of money to be considered rich?
  • Are we alone in the universe or is there another life?

Philosophical Topics for Essays on Current Issues

  • Are parents responsible for how their children behave?
  • Are the U.S. and U.K. meritocratic societies?
  • Has social media had an impact on people’s morals?
  • Do you agree with the notion that love only exists for 3 years?
  • Are humans more likely to cause trouble because of boredom?
  • Is capital punishment morally justified in modern society?
  • Do humans have the same ideas about what is right and what is wrong?
  • How does death affect how humans view life?
  • Is it complicated to live a life of happiness?
  • Should teenagers be given the responsibility to make their own choices?

Philosophy Thesis Topics for a Big Project

  • Do religion and the belief in God change a person’s behavior?
  • Are Machiavellian ideals still relevant in today’s government?
  • Is animal experimentation ever justified to protect humans?
  • What are the pros and cons of a utilitarian society?
  • What are the pros and cons of a communist government?
  • Why are humans the only species to be violent?
  • Is economic justice more important than legal justice?
  • Should women have univerabortion rightstion?
  • What impact did the 20th-century wave of philosophy have on the U.S.?
  • How do you know that you are different from other people?

Philosophy Research Paper Topics

  • What are the tendencies we see most in humans?
  • Are our morals connected to or influenced by culture?
  • Would you live your life a second time?
  • Should religion have a voice in a nation’s government?
  • What do you think makes for an ideal society?
  • Are truths relative to specific situations or circumstances?
  • What is the most important aspect to gain human knowledge?
  • What is something that veritably upsets you?
  • What is something in your life that you would like to change?
  • What is the most effective way to increase one’s IQ?

Getting a good grade on a philosophy research paper requires you to consider several different options and narrow down those options to a topic you feel you can conduct complete philosophy research on. The topic should also be something that interests you and verges into new areas in the discipline and area of study. This can be a difficult task for many students, so we create custom philosophy research topics to suit every situation. If you can’t find a topic you like from this list, just give us a call, email us, or send us a message via chat. We can direct you to a qualified philosophy expert writer to create a custom list of philosophical ideas to fit your assignment needs.

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160 Philosophy Essay Topics

An essay on a philosophical topic can be challenging in several different ways. If you haven’t been assigned a topic, then you need to carefully consider both the type of philosophy you want to illuminate as well as the topic and the philosopher who originally championed the idea. This calls for a fair amount of research. If you need a place to start, there is an extensive list of topics below that are broken down by the schools of thought and/or the eras that inspired them.

Researching a Philosophy Topic

Philosophers are the embodiment of deep thinkers, and many of the best ones have offered up theories and perspectives that have gone on to influence the world. It helps to pick a specific school of thought, whether it is the classical Greek, Transcendentalism, Rationalism, or another, and then research the school of thought as well as the era that inspired them. This often calls for researching the specific philosophy and accomplishments of a specific philosopher.

While researching a topic or a school of thought try to think of examples you can cite in the body of the essay. This might be a historical example from the era the philosopher lived in or a real-world example that is pertinent today. A concept that was pertinent when it was originally written and is still relevant now will lend strength to your essay.

Tips for Writing a Philosophy Essay

Ideally, you want to choose a topic for your philosophy essay that has a strong and defensible position, as well as relevance in the present day. The research you have already done will provide you with an intellectual foundation to make a strong and well-supported argument.

When writing a philosophy essay, you want to compose it from a third-person point of view. This gives the essay an objective perspective that engages the reader while making it clear that the ideas being presented are not coming from your own personal bias. When providing supporting facts in your argument, make sure to quote them directly, include the source, and a relevant composition that it came from. You might also need to provide the date it was originally published.

How to Structure a Philosophy Essay

Depending on the required length of the philosophy essay, you can use a standard five-paragraph structure and expand the number of body paragraphs if necessary. This will give your philosophy essay a natural flow that makes it easy for the reader to follow.

This essay structure includes an introduction with a strong thesis statement, which might include a direct quote from a well-known philosopher. You then follow up with supporting body paragraphs that have their own distinct point that is supported by strong evidence, rather than flowing together into a single idea. Then you finish with a strong conclusion that illustrates the point or demonstrates its historical relevance or relevance in present times.

Introduction

A philosophy essay needs to directly state the topic in the introduction while enticing the reader to want to learn more about the topic. It’s best to use authoritative language, while also making sure that you are speaking to the reader, rather than talking down to them about a subject that might be disagreeable.

A strong thesis statement is a critical component of a philosophy essay’s introductory paragraph. The end of the introduction should include a sentence of two that leads into the first body paragraph.

Body Paragraphs

The first paragraph of your philosophy essay should have a strong connection to the thesis statement while also offering supporting evidence. This might include a direct quote from a philosopher or a well-known historical figure. Then make sure to document when it was said and who made the statement.

Each body paragraph should be its own idea and includes well-documented examples. If another philosopher argued against the thesis, you can include that information as well to demonstrate the counterpoint.

Each body paragraph should conclude with a sentence of two that leads into the next body paragraph’s point or central theme. If you are writing a topic that compares and contrasts two opposing opinions, you can give each view its own body paragraph.

The conclusion of your philosophy essay needs to have an assertive tone while providing a definite answer to the topic. This might be demonstrating why one view is more applicable to the modern world or why one view won out over the opposing view. If there is some lingering controversy about the topic, you should try to win encourage the reader to reexamine their own personal opinions on it.

Choosing the right topic for your philosophy essay can be challenging. There are many different schools of thought spanning thousands of years and historical eras. The following list of the topic below have been broken down into the schools of philosophy and relevant themes. They are a great jumping-off point for your research process.

Classical Greek and Roman Philosophy Topics

  • Did Socrates really exist, or did Plato make him up to offer perceived validity to his own Philosophy?
  • Does Aristotle’s concept of The Hearthless man have an equivalent in the modern age?
  • Is Aristotle’s notion of Eudaimonia akin to the pursuit of happiness, or can Eudaimonia be accomplished like the Buddhist idea of Nirvana?
  • In Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics he discusses the different forms of human friendship. Compare and contrast the differences between Telia Philea and friendships of convenience. Using modern-day examples.
  • Was Socrates’ decision to drink the hemlock the correct moral choice, or was he driven to accept suicide by his ego?
  • Does Plato’s Republic make sexism acceptable in his age, or was Plato uninformed about the importance of equality in ancient Greek society?
  • Aristotle’s idea of Hexus notes that nature fits us with emotion for a reason and that no emotion is morally wrong. Instead, Aristotle notes that it is the reason or virtue behind that emotion that constitutes a good or a bad Hexus. With this in mind can you give real-world examples of when Anger was virtuous and Happiness was devoid of moral virtue?
  • What did Socrates mean when he said that “The Unexamined Life Is Not Worth Living?
  • Are the stoic philosophers the bridge between classical Roman polytheism and Christianity?
  • Would the Renaissance Era have been possible, had it not been for the Golden Age of Islam preserving Greek & Roman philosophy during the European Dark Ages?
  • What Did Plato Mean when he said “Those who tell the stories rule society.”
  • Explain Aristotle’s view on the importance of intellectual virtue.
  • Was Aristotle correct when he said, “The Moral Virtues Are Not Innate?”
  • What did Plato mean when he said, “knowledge only comes when we are able to justify and account for our true beliefs.”
  • Why did Cicero convalesce to stoicism?
  • What is the Epicurean philosophy of life?
  • What do epicureans believe about happiness?
  • Does epicurean philosophy have a place in modern life?
  • Compare and contrast the difference between how pleasure is valued in epicurean philosophy compared to how to is valued in hedonism?
  • Compare and contrast the difference between epicurean happiness and Artistotle’s view on eudaimonia.

Stoicism Topics

  • What are the three main beliefs of stoicism?
  • Did the stoics see Gods as omnipotent apart from nature, or integrated as an active element of the natural world?
  • Why is self-control a critical component of stoic philosophy?
  • How do the Stoics believe happiness is achieved?
  • What are the two duties of stoicism?

Hedonism Topics

  • Does hedonism recognize other motivations besides please and pain?
  • How does hedonistic philosophy define good and evil?
  • What is hedonist moral philosophy?
  • How does hedonistic philosophy interpret the appreciation of art?
  • What is aesthetic hedonism?
  • Does hedonism promote substance abuse?
  • Does hedonism encourage the objectification of women?
  • Does hedonism promote internet pornography?
  • Is the drive to legalize marijuana a form of hedonistic philosophy?
  • Does hedonism treat alcoholism as permissible?

Nihilism Topics

  • What are the four different types of nihilism and what makes them different?
  • Is Nihilism inherently pessimistic or realistic?
  • Can nihilism co-exist with religious belief?
  • What did Nietzsche mean when he said “God Is Dead?”
  • Why did Nietzsche believe that all imposed values and meanings need to be repudiated

Existentialism Topics

  • Explain the relationship between Anxiety and Authenticity through the lens of existentialist philosophy.
  • Explain Irrationality/Absurdity through the lens of existentialist philosophy.
  • What is Cartesian Dualism?
  • What did Des Carte mean when he said “I think therefore I am?”
  • Explain Kierkegaard’s writing in the context of his approach to Christianity.
  • Why do existentialist philosophers believe that it is impossible to find the true reasons and explanations of events?
  • Explain Jean-Paul Sartre’s Opinions on Existentialism and Human Emotions.
  • What is the influence of existentialism in Stephen Crane’s The Red Badge of Courage?
  • What is the influence of Existentialism in the Literature of Samuel Beckett?
  • How did existentialism influence Psychoanalysis, and Behaviorism?

Topics on Transcendentalism

  • What did Emerson mean when he said “The mind once stretched by a new idea, never returns to its original dimensions?”
  • Did the philosophy of Emerson influence John Muir’s views on naturalism?
  • What did Thoreau mean when he said a higher law than civil law demands the obedience of the individual.
  • What is the common thread between the transcendentalist concepts of individualism, idealism, and the divinity of nature?
  • What is the significance of the battle between the red ants and the black ants in Thoreau’s book On Waldon Pond?
  • What did Thoreau mean when he wrote “I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life.”
  • Compare and contrast the differences between Kant & Hume on the concept of transcendentalist idealism.
  • Does transcendentalism offer a philosophy that promotes “The truest way of life?”
  • Why is time in nature away from civilization a critical component of transcendental philosophy?
  • What is the significance of Emerson’s “Consequences of Self-Doubt.”
  • How does Transcendentalism make a link between philosophy and science
  • Compare and contrast the differences between the American 19 th Century version of transcendentalism and the Eastern notions of transcendentalism.
  • Explain transcendentalism’s conflict with the industrial revolution.
  • Was John Muir a transcendentalist?
  • Are Luddites their own philosophical system or an extreme version of transcendentalism?

Marxism Topics

  • Has the negative relationship with failed communism hindered Marxism as a contemporary school of philosophy?
  • What is the relationship between Marxism and social science?
  • Explain Karl Marx’s Theory of Alienation.
  • Do the ideologies of Marxism affect 21 st Century western culture?
  • Why does Spencer believe that human nature is flexible and is in the process of advancement?
  • How doe the concept of Surplus Value influence the division of social & economic classes?
  • Why does Marxism devalue the importance of religion?
  • Explain why the Young Hegelians refute religion in place of a philosophical system?
  • Explain Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s view on the role of money in human life.
  • Compare and contrast the differences between Marx’s view of socialism and the communism of Russia in the 20 th

Eastern Philosophy Topics

  • Compare and contrast Zazen and Rinzai Zen forms of Buddhism.
  • Is the “Ah-Ha” moment of “Satori” a requirement in the pursuit of nirvana as it is recognized in modern-day Buddhism?
  • Is Buddhism a religion, a philosophical life practice, or both?
  • The philosophy of the Buddha and Jesus of Nazareth are very similar. Though they both came from a completely different upbringing. Does this affect the principles of the religions they founded or is the exposure to the poverty of Jesus’ childhood and the wealth of the Buddha’s early years merely background details in their stories?
  • When the Buddha attained enlightenment under the Bodhi tree he said “As the earth is my witness. Seeing this morning star, all things and I awaken together.”
  • Why is begging for one’s meal an important tenant of classic Buddhist daily practice?
  • How do Siddhartha’s four sights on the road influence the Buddha’s teaching about the four noble truths?
  • What is the relationship between the Four Noble Truths and the Eight-Fold path?
  • When Siddhartha gives up asceticism he takes food from a peasant woman, what does this symbolize, and does it influence his eventual awakening as the Buddha?
  • Does Herman Hess’ novel Siddhartha make Buddhism more or less accessible for Western culture to assimilate?
  • What did the Buddha mean when he said “If you truly loved yourself, you could never hurt another.”
  • Is the Caste system of India based on moral philosophy and religious beliefs or is it a form of discrimination and classism?
  • In Hindu philosophy what is the difference between dharma, and karma?
  • Can the concept of Karmic rebirth be used to forgive someone’s misdeeds in this current life?
  • Compare and contrast the moral influence of reincarnation offered by many Eastern Religions and the concept of eternal life offered by Christianity. How do these different philosophical concepts affect the choices made in everyday life?
  • Do the six systems of Hindu philosophy Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa, and Vedanta work together seamlessly?
  • Is Sun Tzu’s The Art of War a philosophy text or an ancient military guide?
  • What is the relationship of ren (humanity) and li (ritual propriety) in the philosophy of Confucius?
  • Explain the Confucian concept of de “Virtue.”
  • How did the philosophy of Mencius and Xunzi differ from the philosophy of Confucius?
  • How does the philosophy of Confucius address Family, filial piety,and ancestor worship?
  • Is Neo-Confucian critical of Daoism and Buddhism
  • Does Neo-Confucian philosophy offer up effective solutions to the problem of evil?
  • Explain the Cheng-Zhu theory of human nature.
  • Explain Neo-Confucian theories of mind and how it applies to modern culture
  • What are the main tenents of Taoism?
  • How are currents interpreted in Taology?
  • Does the Tao concept of Letting Go have value in modern western culture?
  • In Taoism is there a connective relationship between simplicity, patience, and compassion.
  • Does Daoism compete with Confucianism or stand beside it?

Philosophy in Modern Literature and Movies

  • Is the novel Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance truly about the Metaphysics of Quality, or is it Robert Pirsig attempting to cope with his electroshock therapy experience?
  • Does William Van De Wettering’s novel The Empty Mirror make the Zen practice of Koan study more feasible, or less accessible to Westerner modalities of thinking?
  • In Kahlil Gibran’s book The Prophet he says “If you love somebody, let them go, for if they return, they were always yours. If they don’t, they never were.” What did he mean by this?
  • In Primo Levi’s book Bear Meat, he said “the sea’s only gifts are harsh blows and, occasionally, the chance to feel strong. Now, I don’t know much about the sea, but I do know that that’s the way it is here. And I also know how important it is in life not necessarily to be strong but to feel strong, to measure yourself at least once, to find yourself at least once in the most ancient of human conditions, facing blind, deaf stone alone, with nothing to help you but your own hands and your own head.” What does he mean by this?
  • Is Dan Millman’s book “The Way Of The Peaceful Warrior” a bridge between Buddhist philosophy and Western Culture or is it a standalone philosophy onto itself?
  • Explain the existentialist philosophy of the Shawshank Redemption?
  • In Into The Wild does Chris McCandless succeed in “Killing The False Being Within?”
  • Does the philosophy of the Celestine Prophecy offer a realistic way of life, or is it better off being classified as fiction?
  • Does the heightened compassionate approach to the medical philosophy of Patch Adams have a place in modern medicine?
  • Is transcendentalism properly represented in the movie Dead Poet’s Society?

Rationalism Topics

  • Compare and contrast the differences between rationalism and empiricism.
  • Is rationalism’s view of questioning everything tediously unnecessary?
  • Is Des Carte truly a rationalist philosopher.
  • Is there a difference between traditional rationalism and the Scottish Englightenment?
  • What caused the Scottish Enlightenment.
  • Compare and contrast the differences between the philosophy of David Hume and Adam Smith.
  • Compare and contrast the differing philosophies of David Hume and Des Cartes.
  • How does rationalism address the theory of knowledge?
  • What is the conflict between rationalism and the romantic movement?
  • Is constructivism a separate philosophy or a form of rationalism?

Humanism Topics

  • Does humanist philosophy promote atheism?
  • What are the three core beliefs of humanism philosophy?
  • How has humanism philosophy influenced modern psychology?
  • How has humanism philosophy changed over the last century?
  • As a metaphysical doctrine, how does humanism related to the natural world?
  • Does humanism reject the philosophical divinity of nature in transcendentalism?
  • Humanism borrows many aspects of Aristotle’s notion of Eudaimonia, but not all of them, why?
  • What is the importance of self-determination in humanism philosophy?
  • Does humanism support scientific skepticism?
  • How has humanism influenced modern politics?

Middle Eastern Philosophy

  • Has the Koran discouraged the development of Middle Eastern Philosophy
  • Is Islam a philosophy or a religion?
  • Is Arabian philosophy a derivative of Classical Greek philosophy?
  • Was the Golden Age of Islam bolstered by Classical Greek philosophy?
  • What is Arabic Logic?
  • Platos influence on Ab? Bakr Muhammad ibn Zakariyy? al-R?z?.
  • How the philosophy of Saadia Gaon influenced Jewish Law.
  • How did Yahya ibn Adi use philosophical knowledge to produce defenses of Christian theology that were grounded in classical thought?
  • The influence of Aristotle on Avicenna.
  • How did Aristotle influence Sohrevardi in founding the Islamic school of Illuminations?
  • How did Fakhr al-Din al-Razi integrate philosophy into his model for the cosmos?
  • How did the philosophy of Kâtip Çelebi influence 16th and 17th-century social change in the Ottoman empire
  • How did the philosophy of Dara Shikoh find common underpinnings shared by Hinduism and Islam?
  • How did the philosophy of Muhammad Abduh help introduce liberal thought to the Islamic world?
  • How did Fatema Mernissi address the conditions for women in the Islamic world?

Political Philosophy Topics

  • How do ethics affect socio-political policy?
  • Is agrarianism philosophy represented in today’s political parties?
  • How did the Federalist papers influence our modern democratic system?
  • What is the difference between liberalism and socialism?
  • What is the difference between conservatism and fascism?
  • What is libertarian political philosophy?
  • Does paternalism still affect political philosophy?
  • What is progressivism in political philosophy?
  • Is effective altruism necessary for globalism to thrive?
  • How would Socrates view our current notions of Civil Disobedience?

Let us know if you would like us to help you with your Philosophy Essay – we are glad to make it easier for you to success in your classes.

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100 Philosophy Essay Topics For Students

This article will consider what a philosophical essay is and what philosophy essay topics are. We will consider how one type of paper differs from another. In addition, we will tell you by what criteria and how to choose a topic for your essay and give some ideas and examples of philosophy essay topics (created with our professional) to practice.

What Is a Philosophy Essay?

Philosophy is one of the oldest sciences that arose with the first intelligent thought of man. The concept of “philosophy” is translated as “search for truth.”

How much do we want to know about this world and its order or disorder if we succeed? How necessary is this knowledge for us? Any academic writing that defends a claim that can be proven valid can be considered a philosophy essay.

Argumentative philosophy essay topics follow a strictly basic format that must always be considered. When you write, you present your statement or fact as a reality throughout the essay.

Throughout the article, the writer seeks to defend his statement and provide a wide range of facts that support it.

How to Come Up With a Topic For the Philosophy Essay?

The first challenge of writing a philosophy essay is choosing a philosophy paper topic. The first step in selecting good philosophy paper topics is choosing the most appropriate field of study within philosophy. It is necessary to apply critical thinking in knowledge, which concerns the five branches of philosophy, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, politics, and aesthetics.

When it comes to writing a philosophy essay, it can be difficult to come up with topics. Thankfully, there are plenty of resources available to help students brainstorm and come up with topics for their essays. For instance, a quick search online can lead to a wealth of resources such as articles, books, and websites that discuss a variety of philosophy topics. Additionally, it is possible to buy college essay papers specifically tailored to cover a range of philosophical topics.

Good Philosophy Essay Topics

These ideas are classic but, at the same time, well-suited to modern philosophical questions. By choosing one of these philosophy topics for essays, you can reveal one or another relevant philosophical question that is relevant nowadays.

  • Being, substance, and matter: What is movement? What is space for you? What is the time?
  • The problem of “dialogue” between a person and computer systems.
  • Consciousness is a necessary condition for the restoration of culture.
  • Is it possible to know the world altogether?
  • Man and woman: equal or unequal?
  • Death penalty: to be or not to be?
  • Under what conditions do you consider euthanasia acceptable?
  • Nonviolence is a categorical moral prohibition.
  • The problem of human death and immortality.
  • Modern civilization and childbirth. Your attitude to abortion.
  • Childfree and large families.
  • Artificial insemination, surrogate motherhood, adoption, or loneliness?
  • Your mindset to monogamy and polygamy.
  • Religion and atheism in the 21st century.
  • Unequal marriage: pros and cons.
  • Love and love. Do we know how to love?
  • Man and nature: unity or opposition?
  • Gender diversity in the 21st century.
  • Parents in the life of an adult.
  • Nationalism or cosmopolitanism: Which ideology is relevant in today’s world?

Easy Philosophy Essay Topics

The philosophy topics ideas below are suitable for beginners or people for whom philosophy is not the science they study at the university. These easy philosophy paper topics can lead you to specific philosophical thoughts, but creating a unique essay on one of them will not be difficult.

  • How does music affect the way we live?
  • Big money in sports is the essence of competition.
  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs – is it relevant in the 21st century?
  • Personality tests – help you find yourself or drive you to limits.
  • Traumatic events should be openly discussed, not hidden.
  • Are people who love animals generally kinder and more optimistic?
  • Is it true that beauty is in the eye of the beholder?
  • For or against keeping animals in zoos?
  • How can technology be used to preserve the environment?
  • Describe how you made the decision about which career to choose.
  • Should modern education eliminate evaluation systems – yes or no?
  • A phrase that changed my life.
  • What is the difference between courage and fear?
  • What internal prisons have you already built from your fears?
  • Are people inherently more good or bad?

Political Philosophy Essay Topics

Politics is an integral part of our life. These essay topics will help you look at ethical issues of the critical social components from a philosophical point of view. By writing philosophy paper topics from this list, you will be able to understand better what politics is. So check these expository essay ideas .

  • Reasons for high unemployment.
  • Is money a tool or the goal of life?
  • Why do athletes become more socially active and proactive?
  • My ambitions are how I see my life in 10 years.
  • What does it take to become a politician?
  • In the world, everyone in it will do their own thing.
  • The development of the world is a chain of transformations of possibility into reality.
  • Social ontology. Image of flat ontologies.
  • We don’t have time to be ourselves.
  • The concept of fact in modern politic
  • Concept of person, individual in politics.
  • The concept of experiment in politics.
  • Humans as the main subject of political analysis
  • The concept of equilibrium in modern political philosophy.
  • The concept of risk in politics.

Ancient Greek Philosophical Topics for Essays

Mentioned below are philosophy topics to write a paper on your own for those who want to know more about the most magnificent world’s philosophy period. So, check these narrative essay topics , which can help better grasp that period.

  • Rational knowledge is supplemented by wisdom as an understanding of people’s life experiences.
  • The thoughts of the sophists (Protagoras, Gorgias, Antiphon, etc.).
  • Man is the measure of all things.
  • Is everything wrong in cognition?
  • Nothing exists, and if it does exist, it is incomprehensible.
  • A person should take care of himself first of all.
  • Is self-knowledge a requirement of reason?
  • Goodness begins with presentation and knowledge of it.
  • The sense organs give us information only about unrealities.
  • Being exists, and non-being does not have the unity of matter and form.

Philosophy Of Mind Essay Topics

These interesting philosophy paper topics often relate to the human mind, the study of the depths of human understanding of specific issues. Writing an essay on one of these topics will enable you to comprehend how the mind works from a philosophical perspective. If you feel you have little experience with such topics, you can get help from custom essay writing services .

  • The nature and essence of man: Freedom, choice, and responsibility
  • Man in biological and social dimensions
  • Meaning of life. Death and immortality.
  • The concept of risk in classical science.
  • The idea of risk in non-classical science.
  • The concept of sustainability in modern science.
  • The idea of the soul in European science.
  • The concept of the mind in Eastern science.
  • How does Eastern science understand “internal” knowledge?
  • “Everything was old; everything will happen again.” O. Mandelstam

Modern Philosophy Paper Topics

While studying the phenomenon of modernism in philosophy, it is possible to single out several questions that need explanation: this is the problem of the chronological status of modernism, the relationship between modernism and the modern, the prerequisites for the emergence of modernism, the connotations of modernism and its essential features. Also, you can ask some professionals to help you with writing a philosophy paper . Examining our suggested essay topics will allow you better understand these questions.

  • The transition of philosophy to other principles of self-determination. Concepts of marginality and liminality
  • The philosophy of cinema. The theory of photography by S. Sontag, R. Barth, and V. Fluser
  • Linguistic turn – the transition of philosophy to a concept value.
  • Iconic, visual turn / from the power of ideologues to the power of hieroglyphs.
  • The speech factor of polarization of modern philosophical science.
  • Problems and concepts of analytical philosophical science.
  • The main directions and problematic field of continental philosophical science.
  • Postpostmodernism: conditions of emergence and approaches to classification.
  • Postmodernism as pure proceduralism and postmodernism as reflection

Argumentative Philosophy Essay Topics

These essay topics require specific skills and a certain level of knowledge from the author. If the topics presented in the previous sections seem too easy for you, we advise you to choose one of these. Also, you can ask for some assistance from an argumentative essay writer .

Philosophy of Science Essay Topics

The topics we gathered for you will help you gain a deeper understanding of the science of philosophy . Writing philosophy papers on one of these topics requires some scientific knowledge, so we advise you to think carefully before you start to write your philosophy paper .

  • Social conditions of formation of philosophical science.
  • Spiritual sources of philosophical science.
  • Correlation between philosophical and generally scientific methods.
  • The subject of philosophical science and its historical evolution.
  • How does worldview determine worldview?
  • Philosophy is a unique form of social consciousness.
  • Forms and methods of philosophical science.
  • Prove that philosophy is a methodology of scientific knowledge.
  • How the “main question of philosophical science” is transformed within the limits of the theory of knowledge.
  • The relationship between ideology and politics.

Every essay topic in this article can help students better understand philosophy as a science, proving that interesting philosophy exists. So look at our lists of philosophy essay topics and choose the one or a few you like the most.

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philosophy essay topic ideas

100+ Philosophy Essay Topics

PHILOSOPHY ESSAY TOPICS

Table of Contents

What is a Philosophy Essay?

A philosophy essay is an analytical piece of writing where the author critically explores philosophical concepts, theories, and arguments. Unlike typical essays that simply present information, a philosophy essay demands that you present a clear thesis or a specific point of view and then provide arguments or evidence to support or challenge it. The nature of philosophy is often abstract, dealing with questions about existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language, thus requiring a thoughtful approach and careful analysis.

Guide to Choosing a Philosophy Essay Topic

Selecting the right topic for your philosophy essay is essential for laying the foundation for an intriguing and insightful paper. Here’s how:

  • Identify Your Interest : Pick topics that genuinely intrigue you. Philosophy is vast; find your niche!
  • Consider Your Audience : Who will read the essay? Tailor your topic to match their level of understanding and interest.
  • Research and Familiarize : Ensure you have enough resources and knowledge to write extensively on the chosen topic.
  • Challenge Yourself : Opt for topics that allow you to analyze and present unique perspectives critically.

Philosophy Essay Topics Lists

Metaphysics.

  • Is there a purpose to life, or is existence merely accidental?
  • Can the idea of an omnipotent and benevolent God coexist with the presence of evil in the world?
  • What is the nature of reality – is it objective or subjective?
  • Do human beings have free will, or are our actions predetermined?

Epistemology

  • What is the nature and scope of human knowledge?
  • Can we ever know something with absolute certainty?
  • How do belief, knowledge, and truth interrelate?
  • Is skepticism about the external world justified?
  • Is morality absolute or relative?
  • What makes an action morally right or wrong?
  • Is there a universal standard of good, or is it culture-specific?
  • How does self-interest play into moral decisions?
  • What defines beauty in art or nature?
  • Can art be morally wrong and still be considered great art?
  • Is the appreciation of beauty purely subjective?
  • How does cultural context influence our interpretation of art?

Social and Political Philosophy

  • Is democracy the best form of governance?
  • How should resources be distributed in a society – equally or based on merit?
  • Is there a right to privacy in the digital age?
  • Should there be limits to freedom of speech?

Existentialism

  • What is the essence of human existence?
  • How does one find meaning in a seemingly meaningless world?
  • Is authenticity necessary for a fulfilled life?
  • How do death and the finite nature of life influence human behavior?

Ancient Philosophy

  • How did Socratic irony influence philosophical dialogue?
  • Plato’s allegory of the cave: What does it reveal about human perception?
  • Aristotle’s conception of virtue ethics.
  • Stoicism and its relevance in today’s world.
  • Epicureanism: The pursuit of pleasure and the avoidance of pain.

Philosophy of Religion

  • The problem of evil: Challenges to religious belief.
  • Pascal’s Wager and its criticisms.
  • Arguments for and against the existence of God.
  • Religion and science: Are they compatible or conflicting?
  • The concept of the afterlife in different religious traditions.

Philosophy of Mind

  • Mind-body dualism: Arguments and implications.
  • Is artificial intelligence capable of consciousness?
  • The problem of other minds: How do we know others have consciousness?
  • Emergent properties and the nature of consciousness.
  • The philosophical implications of neuroscientific discoveries.

Feminist Philosophy

  • The role of gender in epistemology.
  • Feminist critiques of traditional ethical theories.
  • The concept of the “male gaze” in feminist aesthetics.
  • How does intersectionality reshape philosophical discussions on identity?
  • The influence of Simone de Beauvoir on contemporary feminist thought.

Eastern Philosophy

  • The Daoist conception of the “Way” and its significance.
  • Buddhist philosophy on suffering and the path to enlightenment.
  • Confucian values in modern Asian societies.
  • The philosophy of karma and reincarnation.
  • Comparing Western and Eastern notions of the self.

Philosophy of Science

  • The demarcation problem: What distinguishes science from pseudoscience?
  • Philosophical challenges posed by quantum mechanics.
  • Scientific realism vs. anti-realism: Is science discovering truth?
  • The role of paradigms and revolutions in the history of science, as posited by Thomas Kuhn.
  • The ethics of genetic engineering and human enhancement.

Environmental Philosophy

  • Deep ecology vs. shallow ecology: Different environmental ethics.
  • The intrinsic value of nature: Should we value nature for its own sake?
  • Philosophical perspectives on climate change and human responsibility.
  • The rights of non-human animals: Ethical considerations.
  • The anthropocentrism vs. biocentrism debate.

Postmodern Philosophy

  • The nature of truth in a postmodern world.
  • Derrida’s concept of deconstruction and its implications.
  • The philosophical underpinnings of postmodern art and literature.
  • Critiques of grand narratives and meta-narratives.
  • Postmodernism and its impact on ethics and morality.

Logic and Argumentation

  • The nature and types of logical fallacies.
  • Inductive vs. deductive reasoning: Strengths and limitations.
  • The paradoxes of Zeno and their resolutions.
  • The importance of soundness and validity in argumentation.
  • The challenges and limitations of formal logic in philosophical argumentation.

Applied Philosophy

  • The ethics of euthanasia and assisted suicide.
  • Philosophical arguments for and against capital punishment.
  • The moral implications of global economic inequality.
  • The philosophical challenges of privacy in the age of digital surveillance.
  • The ethics of war: Just War Theory and its criticisms.

Philosophy of Language

  • Wittgenstein’s “language games” and their implications for meaning.
  • The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis: Does language shape our reality?
  • Deconstructionism: How does language conceal and reveal truth?
  • The philosophy of names: What’s in a name?
  • Metaphor in language: More than just a linguistic device?

Continental Philosophy

  • Heidegger’s notion of “Being” and its significance.
  • Sartre and existential freedom: Are we condemned to be free?
  • Foucault’s philosophy of power: How is power dispersed in society?
  • Husserl’s phenomenology: A fresh approach to consciousness.
  • Derrida vs. Foucault: Debating the nature of discourse and power.

African Philosophy

  • Ubuntu: The African conception of community and humanity.
  • African communitarianism vs. Western individualism.
  • Oral traditions in African philosophy: A different way of knowing?
  • Colonialism and its effects on African philosophical thought.
  • The concept of time in African philosophy.

Philosophy of Education

  • The Socratic method: Is questioning the best way to teach?
  • Education for liberation: Paulo Freire’s pedagogical approach.
  • Philosophy in the classroom: Should ethics be a mandatory subject?
  • The hidden curriculum: What are schools really teaching?
  • Moral education: Can virtue be taught?

Are you stuck on how to approach your chosen topic? Dive deep into philosophical insights with WriteOnDeadline’s essay writing service. Our expert writers are well-versed in all philosophical realms and can craft an insightful, cogent essay tailored just for you. Let’s make your philosophical journey an enlightening one.

Useful References

  • Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy
  • PhilPapers: Online Research in Philosophy
  • MIT’s Free Philosophy Course Materials

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philosophy essay topic ideas

Guide on How to Choose Philosophy Paper Topics

philosophy essay topic ideas

f you get lucky, you'll be able to choose philosophy paper topics instead of having to handle the complex prompts suggested by your tutors. At the same time, you need to pick topics very carefully to write a quality philosophy paper.

As an excellent philosophy essay is argumentative or persuasive in most cases, we recommend following these principles of topic choice from our custom term paper writing service .

How to Choose the Right Idea for a Philosophy Essay

The basic rule to follow when choosing philosophy essay topics is evaluating your knowledge about a discussed problem and the number of available sources to work with. We also recommend that you read definition essay topics .

How to Choose the Right Idea for a Philosophy Essay

Here is several more hint to make the right choice:

  • Study classroom discussions and notes

Take notes during your classes. It helps to pick philosophy essay topics related to what you study.

  • Come up with a list of options

Put down the best philosophy essay topics that you have to analyze on a separate sheet of paper. Look through them and decide which of the issues you can cover in-depth.

  • Create content to persuade

The philosophy papers should explain why the prospected dispute is critical. Include some philosophical judgments to support your idea.

  • Select something you have an opinion about

Your argument will sound bad in case you select the question you have no interest in.

  • Choose a problem you can see both sides of

Do not be narrow-minded: it is up to you to pick a topic that has two sides, just like a coin. An opposite problem could be a good idea to discuss in a philosophical work. View the subject from multiple perspectives to have a stronger case while refuting the opposition.

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Good Philosophy Paper Topics

The tips above alone could be insufficient to understand how a great title for a philosophy essay should sound. Our write my dissertation service has listed philosophy paper topics to help students with their choices.

5 Easy Philosophy Research Paper Topics

If you are a freshman having no idea which theme to choose, we suggest that you take a look at these easy to write philosophy research paper topics.

  • Reasons why animals inhabit this planet
  • Missions that every man should accomplish during his life
  • Are males and females that different as media present them?
  • Causes and effects of living in a dream
  • Why do I prefer blond hair?

Interesting Philosophy Paper Topics for Essay Writing

If you have a deep interest in studying philosophy, you may offer more unique issues to observe. Think about covering one of the following philosophy essay topics:

  • Select a preferred account of specific particulars (e.g., alternative version or the Aristotelian theory) and interpret the concept of particular details that it endorses.
  • Explain what the slingshot argument is and discuss its key assumptions
  • What is the relation of exemplification?
  • Offer and evaluate one of the claims adduced by Loux in support of Metaphysical realism
  • Discuss Austere Nominalism with the help of a single argument of your choice

5 Political Philosophy Paper Topics

Most often, students will have to cover political philosophy paper topics in a thoughtful piece of writing. These topics might work:

  • The pros & cons of violent and non-violent resistance/revolution
  • Socialism VS Capitalism on unplanned and planned economics
  • Locke VS Thoreau on the question of property
  • Cultural unity VS multicultural plurality
  • Bentham VS Mill on Utilitarianism

Easy Philosophy Paper Topics

There are some philosophy topics that are widespread and thus easy to write on:

  • The Game Theory by J. von Neumann
  • How does language influence people?
  • Knowledge and imagination: what is prevalent?
  • A prior and a posteriori
  • The gens and how they influence people's behavior

Fun Philosophy Paper Topics

Sure thing, philosophy is a serious subject, but some topics may be funny to write essays on. Here are some examples.

  • How do AI helpers like Siri or Alice affect our lives?
  • Is there a human being without society? According to L.Tolstoi.
  • The influence of comedies and dramas on human life perception.
  • Does existentialism make sense in the 21 century?
  • Extraterrestrial life: pieces of evidence and whether governments should reveal them to everyone.

Excellent Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Is there a life after death? Discuss and prove with arguments.
  • Family file traditions and principles.
  • To Lie or not to lie? Discuss the cases when lying may be helpful.
  • What is a perfect life?
  • Is it possible to always be happy?

Interesting Philosophy Topics

  • Ageism in 18 and 21 centuries.
  • Feminism and religion.
  • The use of genetic engineering research and how it affects our life
  • How useful can preserving cultural heritage be?
  • How important is achieving self-development?

After you choose the topic, do not forget to consult your tutor. Ask whether the issue is acceptable to discuss in your upcoming excellent philosophy essay. Now that we have an idea about how to select the right, we can move on to the next stage of crafting a good philosophy paper, which is writing a strong thesis statement.

If you want to pay someone to write your essay , contact us. Our professionals provide psychology, law, history essay help , or any other.

Discover How to Write a Thesis for a Philosophy Paper

If you wonder how to start a philosophy paper, think about a compelling thesis first. So, what is a thesis statement? A thesis is a central argument to defend. Compared to other types of essays, in a philosophy paper, a student often has to analyse the thesis offered by the distinguished author. Let's jump right to how to write a thesis statement for a philosophy paper.

When writing a thesis statement, you may decide which strategy to choose to support the claim of some philosopher:

  • Interpret the thesis statement
  • Propose an argument to support the thesis
  • Come up with an objection
  • Defend against a complaint to the thesis
  • Assess points for and against the principal claim
  • Think about the possible outcomes
  • Define if some other argument commits one to the thesis
  • Decide whether some different positions can be held consistently with the main argument

TIPS TO WRITE A THESIS STATEMENT

The last few options are more challenging than the first several, but such strategies make the paper much more interesting to read. It is more difficult to object one's opinion than defend it. A writer should find a defence versus the criticism of other sides, search for exact reasons to reject the theory of another person, include numerous counter-examples, and operate with credible data to object.

Anyway, here are some things to keep in mind that will help to support the thesis no matter which strategy you choose for your writing process:

  • Add examples from both sources and real life;
  • Compare & contrast the weak and strong points of the central argument;
  • Make the thesis more plausible by offering alternative theories — show your objectivity;
  • Imagine what would happen if the thesis - key arguments - were correct;
  • Find out if some philosophers are committed to the argument by personal views;
  • Proofread & edit the thesis several times to make sure it is specific, narrow, concise, compelling, reasonable, and has a hint concerning the rest of the paper.

Do you still wonder how to write a good thesis? How about the examples of thesis statements that could help you? Look at them to have an idea:

“I have to argue that Singer's thesis should be revised in light of Steve's criticism, but not entirely. I want to offer an improved version of Singer's central argument… And I should admit that this updated version avoids Steve's rejections. My final mission is to protect the updated thesis statement against other possible objections.”
“I should argue that if the fetus is an individual who possesses a right to live, abortion is moral even though it might not be viewed as an ethical activity. The fetus has no right to use the female's organism without her tacit consent. If the woman gets pregnant after a violent sexual act, she has all the moral rights to get rid of the fetus with the help of abortion.”
“I disagree with most of the positions that do not support the death penalty in this state. The one who took away the life of another one does not deserve to live. Murderers and papers should not be set free even after ages spent in jail as nothing can change a human being. By letting the serious criminals out, we put the lives of our children under threat!”

A Few Words About Evidence

Having proper evidence to support your claim is the critical success factor when it comes to writing a philosophy paper . Philosophers always find something to debate even when they leave empirical questions aside. On the one hand, what type of empirical evidence would be required to solve the problem might itself appear as a non-empirical issue that philosophers study. On the other hand, philosophers spend plenty of time discussing how various arguments are logically interconnected. An essential tool to use when rationalizing your statement is a reductio ad absurdum .

What Is Reductio ad Absurdum?

A reductio ad absurdum is an argument that aims to show how several views cannot be held consistently with each other. It may also point that even though a few ideas are consistent with each other, together, they entail an implausible final claim. Reductio allows having exact reasons to disagree with at least one of the offered premises.

 THE EXAMPLES OF REDUCTIO OR PER ILLOGICAL REASONING COULD BE_

Example of a Question-Begging

Another type of argument for your philosophical writing is a question-begging one . Here is how it looks like:

premises

Keep in mind that ambitious terms like “religious experiences,” in our case, are a common issue, and can mask other pitfalls.

Another Way to Classify Arguments

It is possible to categorize arguments for the philosophy paper in a different way. The more popular division is deductive and non-deductive arguments.

A deductive argument is one that insists on the truth of the conclusion in case the premises are all true. An example could be, “They released 10,000 tickets for the Sweden Rock Festival. There will be no extra tickets, and the time is limited for all users to purchase them online. Thus, my chance of getting one ticket is 1 in 10,000.”

A non-deductive argument is one that states that there is just a high degree of probability for the conclusion. For instance, “All cats that I have ever met in my life will love playing with humans. Buffy is a cat. Therefore, Buffy will probably like playing with me.”

Checklist to Start a Philosophy Paper

  • Study discussions and notes that you have made in a classroom
  • Create a list of philosophy essay topics
  • Explain why disputes are critical
  • Select a topic you have an opinion about, and you can see both sides of its problem
  • Choose a central argument to defend and write a thesis statement
  • Find proper evidence to support your claim

Our readers find the Great Gatsby summary very interesting, we recommend you read this article from our authors.

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Narrative Essay Topics: 200 Best Ideas

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  • A Research Guide
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120 Philosophy Essay Topics

How to choose a topic for your philosophy essay:.

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Philosophy Argumentative Essay Topics:

  • The existence of God: Can the existence of a higher power be proven or disproven?
  • The problem of evil: How can the existence of evil be reconciled with the concept of a benevolent God?
  • Free will vs determinism: Are our actions predetermined or do we have the freedom to choose?
  • The nature of reality: Is reality objective or subjective?
  • The mind-body problem: Is the mind separate from the body, or are they one and the same?
  • Ethical relativism vs ethical absolutism: Are moral values relative or are there universal moral truths?
  • The nature of consciousness: What is consciousness and how does it arise?
  • The concept of personal identity: What defines our sense of self and continuity over time?
  • The problem of induction: Can we justify our beliefs based on past experiences and observations?
  • The nature of knowledge: What is knowledge and how do we acquire it?
  • The philosophy of mind: Can machines or artificial intelligence possess consciousness?
  • The nature of beauty: Is beauty subjective or objective?
  • The ethics of euthanasia: Is it morally permissible to end someone’s life to alleviate suffering?
  • The ethics of animal rights: Do animals have rights and how should they be treated?
  • The philosophy of science: What is the nature of scientific knowledge and how does it differ from other forms of knowledge?

Philosophy Persuasive Essay Topics:

  • The existence of free will: Determinism vs libertarianism
  • The ethical implications of artificial intelligence
  • The nature of consciousness: Materialism vs dualism
  • The problem of evil: Can an all-powerful and benevolent God coexist with evil?
  • The ethics of animal rights: Should animals have the same moral status as humans?
  • The concept of personal identity: Is the self defined by physical or psychological continuity?
  • The morality of euthanasia: Should individuals have the right to choose when to end their lives?
  • The nature of knowledge: Can we truly know anything with certainty?
  • The ethics of genetic engineering: Should we manipulate the genetic makeup of humans and other organisms?
  • The philosophy of mind: Can machines ever possess consciousness?
  • The morality of capital punishment: Is it ever justified to take a life as punishment for a crime?
  • The problem of induction: Can we rely on past experiences to make predictions about the future?
  • The ethics of abortion: When does personhood begin and what are the rights of the fetus?
  • The philosophy of time: Is time an illusion or a fundamental aspect of reality?

Philosophy Compare and Contrast Essay Topics:

  • Dualism vs Materialism: Examining the nature of mind and body
  • Rationalism vs Empiricism: Contrasting approaches to acquiring knowledge
  • Utilitarianism vs Deontology: Evaluating ethical theories on the basis of consequences and moral duties
  • Existentialism vs Nihilism: Exploring the meaning of life and existence
  • Plato’s Theory of Forms vs Aristotle’s Theory of Substance: Comparing their views on the nature of reality
  • Determinism vs Free Will: Analyzing the compatibility of human freedom and determinism
  • Hedonism vs Stoicism: Contrasting philosophies on achieving happiness and fulfillment
  • Egoism vs Altruism: Examining self-interest versus concern for others in ethical decision-making
  • Epistemological Relativism vs Objectivism: Evaluating the nature of truth and knowledge
  • Aesthetics of Beauty vs Aesthetics of Sublime: Comparing different approaches to appreciating art and beauty
  • Social Contract Theory vs Natural Law Theory: Contrasting views on the origin and legitimacy of political authority
  • Feminism vs Postmodernism: Analyzing different perspectives on gender, power, and identity
  • Idealism vs Realism: Examining different ontological views on the nature of reality
  • Pragmatism vs Essentialism: Contrasting approaches to understanding the essence and purpose of things
  • Eastern Philosophy vs Western Philosophy: Comparing and contrasting different philosophical traditions and their core concepts

Philosophy Informative Essay Topics:

  • The concept of free will and determinism: Exploring the debate between human agency and predestination
  • The philosophy of mind: Examining the mind-body problem and different theories of consciousness
  • Ethics and moral relativism: Analyzing the idea that moral principles are subjective and vary across cultures
  • The nature of reality: Investigating different metaphysical theories, such as idealism, materialism, and dualism
  • The philosophy of language: Exploring the relationship between language, thought, and reality
  • The problem of evil: Examining the existence of evil in a world governed by an all-powerful and benevolent God
  • The philosophy of science: Analyzing the nature of scientific knowledge and the scientific method
  • The concept of identity: Investigating the philosophical questions surrounding personal identity and the self
  • The philosophy of aesthetics: Exploring the nature of beauty, art, and the role of aesthetics in our lives
  • The philosophy of religion: Examining different arguments for and against the existence of God
  • The philosophy of time: Analyzing the nature of time, its relation to causality, and the possibility of time travel
  • The philosophy of education: Investigating different theories of education and their implications for teaching and learning
  • The philosophy of technology: Exploring the ethical and metaphysical implications of technological advancements
  • The philosophy of happiness: Analyzing different theories of happiness and the pursuit of a meaningful life
  • The philosophy of politics: Examining different political ideologies and their underlying philosophical foundations

Philosophy Cause and Effect Essay Topics:

  • The impact of existentialism on individual freedom and responsibility
  • The influence of utilitarianism on ethical decision-making
  • The consequences of Descartes’ mind-body dualism on the understanding of human nature
  • The effects of Nietzsche’s concept of the will to power on the pursuit of personal goals
  • The relationship between Kant’s categorical imperative and moral duty
  • The cause and effect of Plato’s theory of forms on the understanding of reality
  • The consequences of Aristotle’s concept of virtue ethics on moral character development
  • The impact of John Locke’s theory of tabula rasa on the understanding of human knowledge
  • The influence of Sartre’s concept of bad faith on personal authenticity
  • The effects of Hume’s skepticism on the nature of knowledge and belief
  • The relationship between Hegel’s dialectic and historical progress
  • The consequences of Rawls’ theory of justice on social equality
  • The impact of feminist philosophy on gender equality and women’s rights
  • The influence of Confucianism on social harmony and moral values in East Asian societies
  • The cause and effect of Schopenhauer’s pessimism on the perception of human suffering

Philosophy Narrative Essay Topics:

  • The Search for Meaning: A Personal Journey
  • The Paradox of Free Will: Exploring the Boundaries of Choice
  • The Nature of Reality: A Philosophical Reflection
  • The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence: A Moral Dilemma
  • The Existential Crisis: Navigating Life’s Uncertainties
  • The Problem of Evil: Examining the Coexistence of Good and Bad
  • The Philosophy of Happiness: Pursuit or Illusion?
  • The Mind-Body Problem: Exploring the Connection between the Physical and Mental
  • The Ethics of Animal Rights: Balancing Human Interests and Animal Welfare
  • The Philosophy of Time: Is it Linear or Cyclical?
  • The Meaning of Beauty: A Philosophical Exploration
  • The Ethics of Genetic Engineering: Playing God or Advancing Humanity?
  • The Philosophy of Education: Shaping Minds and Cultivating Knowledge
  • The Nature of Consciousness: Unraveling the Mystery of Self-Awareness
  • The Philosophy of Death: Contemplating the Afterlife and the Meaning of Mortality

Philosophy Opinion Essay Topics:

  • The nature of reality: Idealism vs materialism
  • The problem of evil: Does the existence of evil contradict the existence of a benevolent God?
  • The ethics of artificial intelligence: Should AI be granted moral rights?
  • The concept of personal identity: Is personal identity based on physical or psychological continuity?
  • The mind-body problem: Is the mind separate from the body or are they one and the same?
  • The ethics of euthanasia: Is it morally permissible to assist someone in ending their own life?
  • The ethics of genetic engineering: Should we have the right to modify our own genetic makeup?
  • The problem of induction: Can we justify our beliefs based on past experiences?
  • The ethics of capital punishment: Is the death penalty morally justifiable?
  • The nature of time: Is time an objective reality or a subjective construct?
  • The ethics of abortion: Is abortion morally permissible?

Philosophy Evaluation Essay Topics:

  • Evaluating the concept of free will in a deterministic universe
  • Assessing the moral responsibility of corporations
  • The validity of utilitarianism as a moral theory
  • Evaluating the existence of objective moral values
  • Assessing the ethical implications of genetic engineering
  • The concept of personal identity: evaluating the mind-body problem
  • Evaluating the role of reason in ethical decision-making
  • Assessing the compatibility of faith and reason
  • The concept of justice: evaluating different theories
  • Evaluating the ethical implications of animal rights
  • Assessing the concept of beauty in art and aesthetics
  • The problem of evil: evaluating the existence of God
  • Evaluating the ethical implications of climate change
  • Assessing the concept of happiness in different philosophical traditions

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190 Top-Notch Philosophy Essay Topics For All

philosophy Topics

Philosophy is a vast academic field that tackles every aspect of human life. Contrary to how most college and university students believe, philosophy essays are not walking in the park. Like writing essays in technical fields, philosophy papers demand a little critical analysis alongside extensive reading and massive research. There is a broad spectrum of philosophy topics you can choose to handle.

Nonetheless, it is hard to come by a case that compliments your interest besides being easy to write about in college. We have compiled exceptional philosophy essay topics that will quickly get you to the top of your class. Check them out below.

Interesting Philosophy Topics

  • Examine the freedom teenagers should have
  • Explain why success is so vital to people’s lives
  • Evaluate whether people can free themselves from all material thoughts
  • Discuss whether coma patients should be on life support
  • Examine the importance of preserving cultural heritage
  • What is the link between genetics and human personalities?
  • Evaluate whether there will be an end to technological progress
  • Examine whether democracy is an effective way of government
  • Explain if it is possible to bridge the gap between the poor and the rich in society
  • Elaborate how the development of AI will affect the world
  • What is the association between beauty and morality in today’s world
  • Determine if thoughts can exist without language
  • Investigate if it is possible to find all questions about the universe
  • Explain the role of religion in the modern world

Top Topics In Philosophy

  • Outline the constituents of a good life
  • Elaborate the likely ethical questions regarding postmortem autopsies
  • Point out the difference between unethical and ethical marketing
  • Discuss the role of ethics in higher education
  • Examine conscience and its key features
  • What are the issues and principles of ethics in psychotherapy?
  • Discuss the difference between hedonism and utilitarianism
  • What are the possible moral barriers if parent-child relationships
  • Explain the definition and problems related to informed consent
  • Examine whether humans and animals should have the same rights
  • Discuss the significant moral advantages and disadvantages of human enhancements

Great Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Elaborate the link between moral agency and neutrality in ethics of technology
  • Explain the link between ethics and aesthetics in axiology
  • Outline the main issues associated with manifest destiny
  • What are the central moral issues related to euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide
  • Investigate the concept of responsibility and freedom as it relates to metaethics
  • Explain the distinctive critical attributes of morality
  • Take a look at the specifics of feminist ethics
  • Discuss the ethics of religious beliefs as it relates to Buddhism, Islam, Judaism and Christianity
  • Elaborate the critical challenges related to deontological ethics
  • Define virtue ethics and highlight its key concepts
  • Define utilitarian ethics and explain its fundamental principles

Top-Grade Philosophy Thesis Topics

  • Explain the role of classical pragmatism in the development of feminist theories
  • Highlight the main features of empiricism
  • Point out the influence of Russian cosmism on space exploration
  • Explain the prominent contributions of Edmund Husserl’s to the field of phenomenology
  • Define the concept of the Other and elaborate how it is in film, psychology, and philosophy
  • Discuss the influence of globalization and war on the late 20 th -century anarchism
  • Examine critical figures associated with existentialism in France after WWII
  • What are the basic concepts of existentialism
  • Explain how the theory of quantum mechanics and relativity affected the 20 th century
  • Examine the role of Plato and Aristotle in classical German philosophy
  • Elaborate the Schleiermacher’s influence on knowledge and psychology
  • Highlight Karl Marx’s concepts of capital, class, and labor
  • Investigate the contributions of Johanna Charlotte Unzer towards feminism

Easy Philosophy Paper Topics

  • Explain the critical attributes of Pietism
  • Point out Christian Thomasius’ thoughts on prejudice and reason
  • Discuss moral philosophy and ethics in Nietzsche, Kant, and others
  • Discuss the political, intellectual, and philosophical conditions that led to the reformation
  • Explain how Martin Luther’s theology impacted Europe
  • Elaborate the problem of theodicy in medieval philosophy
  • Discuss what characterized Albert of Saxony’s metaphysics and logic
  • Explain the concepts of divine providence and sin
  • Highlight the problem of free will from a theological point of view
  • Compare the theological approached of Saint Augustine and Thomas of Aquinas
  • Explain what characterized the problem of universals in medieval philosophy
  • Investigate medieval theology as a philosophy of religion
  • What is the link between faith and reason in medieval philosophies

A-Grade Philosophical Questions

  • Evaluate how to integrate secular learning and sacred doctrine in medieval philosophy
  • Discuss metempsychosis as the concept of reincarnation
  • Explain different forms of the good according to Plato’s Republic
  • Define the idea of “becoming” in atomism
  • Explain the concept of moral intention as detailed in philosophy
  • Examine Homer’s influence on Greek philosophy
  • Discuss the constantly changing nature of reality in ancient philosophy
  • Define the concept of “logos” in different philosophies
  • Discuss the ideas of principal substances in Greek philosophy
  • What is the relationship between the doctrine of Pythagoreans and Mathematics

Argumentative Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Elaborate the main attributes of Skepticism
  • What influence do movies and video games have on our morals
  • Explain the impact of social media on our moral values
  • Explain the purpose behind evil and good
  • Discuss whether it is possible to live without regulations and laws in the world
  • Define death and explain its purpose
  • Investigate whether knowledge is a result f experience and learning
  • Explain whether or not morality should be subjective
  • Discuss the future of humans and humankind
  • What are critical moral issues around genetically modified products
  • What are the reasons and solutions to mass panic and hysteria
  • Explain why governments should conceal the evidence of extraterrestrial life

College Topic For Philosophy Paper

  • Examine why modern celebrities should be positive models for modern teenagers
  • Define the American dream and explain if it exists
  • Highlight postmodernism ideas in philosophy
  • Discuss the idea that there is life after death
  • Investigate the concept of happiness through the eye of modern youths
  • Explain the basic principles and ideas that a family file should have
  • Discuss the ethics behind the application of Bitcoin and other digital currencies

Excellent Topics For Philosophy Paper

  • Evaluate why violent and offensive content should not be on the internet
  • Define patriotism and explain why it should be a virtue
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of child-free families
  • Assess whether it is ethical to have zoos and circuses
  • Is death the beginning of something new or the final point of human life
  • Discuss ethical issues surrounding organ transplant
  • Explain why it is essential to lie sometimes
  • Evaluate whether governments should legalize abortion
  • What is the connection between culture and morals
  • Define communism and explain its pros and cons

General Philosophy Research Paper Topics

  • What is the essence of religious sects, and should they be legalized?
  • What impact does the belief in God have on humans
  • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of committing suicide
  • Define the concept of Supernatural and highlight any proof of its existence
  • What are the best methods to solve issues between children and their parents
  • How are war and peace interrelated to each other?
  • What impact has the church had on US politics in the past ten years?
  • Define free will and determinism and point out which one you support
  • Define a perfect life and explain what keeps people from living it
  • Discuss why folks need education and how its significance has changed over the years

World-Class Philosophy Topics For Essays

  • Elaborate five key character traits that determine who you are and state whether you would change any of them
  • Explain why some individuals may live life without feeling alive
  • Elaborate the role society plays in the formation of one’s personality
  • Discuss ethical questions that revolve around Covid-19 and examine the response to the pandemic
  • Outline the reasons for banning hate speech on social media and the internet
  • Define ageism and explain how we can tackle it
  • Explain why white Americans should be held responsible for the disadvantaged position of black Americans
  • Is feminism opposed to religion?
  • Examine the goals that feminism as a movement has achieved so far
  • Investigate if gender parity is attainable

Brilliant Philosophical Topics For Essays

  • What should come first; economic benefits or morality
  • What are the ethical issues around using embryos in genetic engineering research
  • Is it ethical to invest in pet operations when people in developing countries still lack primary health care?
  • Explain why it is our moral duty to take care of the environment
  • Discuss whether environmental awareness should be a virtue
  • Investigate the moral responsibility that developed countries hold in tackling hunger issues in the world
  • Determine if charity should be a moral obligation
  • What ethical questions surround the use of drugs enhancing cognition?
  • Explain why cloning is ethically admissible
  • Elaborate ethical reasons behind mass surveillance

Philosophy Term Paper Topics

  • Discuss if a convict should have the freedom to accept the death penalty or serve a life sentence
  • Explain why abortion is wrong on moral grounds
  • Evaluate moral rules that enslave people
  • Assess if people can violate moral rules to achieve a common good
  • Examine whether science is compatible or incompatible with religion
  • Discuss the impact of colonialism on the behavior of modern-day colonists
  • Explain the key differences between Freudism and Marxism
  • Highlight how modernism reflects societal changes
  • What are the effect of quantum mechanics and relativity on idealism

Fun Philosophy Paper Topics

  • Examine whether getting information out of the outer world is real
  • Investigate the synthetic propositions of the Kantian modes of thinking
  • Define probability and explain why it might be a construct of the mind
  • Assess if magic draws inspiration from science
  • Discuss the effects of divination and alchemy on modern society
  • Outline how the biological and spiritual aspects of life coexist

Good Philosophy Paper Topics

  • Explain the potential limitations of the concept of Utopia
  • Analyze the impacts of influences and legacy
  • Discuss the free will in man from a theological point of view
  • Evaluate how doctrines shape a group’s belief system
  • Define atomism and outline its principal characteristics
  • What is the impact of Augustine’s ethics in the context of Christianity?
  • Compare and contrast between Epicureanism and Stoicism
  • Explain if Platonic realism affects modern realism

Philosophy Topics To Write A Paper On

  • Discuss how the feminine gender was in ancient Greece
  • Investigate how natural philosophy impacts science
  • Detail the contrast between mythology and philosophy in explaining natural phenomena
  • Show whether there exists a unity of opposites within the universal flux?
  • Elaborate if philosophy is the ultimate answer to all questions in life
  • Explain what attracts short ladies to tall boyfriends and vice versa
  • Discuss what matters between the lives of citizens and the economy in the event of a pandemic
  • Explain why anxiety may be an indication that you are not well prepared
  • A case study of the psychology behind cheap products and their quality
  • Examine if someone can mentally offend another without necessarily inflicting any physical damage

Amazing Philosophical Essay Topics

  • What is the truth of the statement that critics are mean people who only want their ideas to prevail?
  • Is it possible to provide help to a stranger without doubting their intentions?
  • Explain whether achieving self-development has anything to do with self-esteem
  • Discuss the attributes that define beautiful and excellent among women and men
  • Explain whether endorsement has anything to do with acceptance of a particular cause
  • A case study of how community-guided practices impact the lives of its inhabitants
  • Elaborate the role of interests and abilities in shaping a person’s decisions in life
  • Investigate why conceptual rigor and argumentative rigor are necessary when handling life issues

World-Class Philosophy Essay Questions

  • Explain the link between the natural world and the spirit
  • Discuss who should determine the ethics and morals of a community
  • Explain whether it is worth preserving memories of past events even though we cannot relive them
  • Investigate why our superstitions and cultural myths about life and death are important
  • What are the philosophical effects of staying up too late at night?
  • Explain the essence of matter, space, and time in the study of philosophy
  • Discuss whether everyone has a choice or obligation towards a particular responsibility
  • Which is more important, to be loved by someone or to love someone?

Additional Philosophy Paper Ideas

  • Explain if there are any situations in particular where it is better to lie than tell the truth
  • Discuss whether capital punishment is morally justified in today’s world
  • Explain the effect of the philosophical wave of the 20 th century
  • What is the most crucial attribute to gain human knowledge?
  • Investigate whether our morals are influenced by or connected to culture
  • Would you please explain the difference between economic justice and legal justice and show which of them is most important
  • Examine if Machiavellian ideals are still applicable in today’s government
  • Elaborate whether teenagers should have the responsibility to make their own choices
  • Examine if humans have the same perception about what is wrong and what is right
  • A case study of the main character traits that an ideal leader possesses
  • Define the term mentally conscious and how it applies to human life
  • Examine how to get ready for life after death

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309 Philosophy Topics for Essays & Term Papers

Different philosophy domains can be singled out by the questions they pose. We have collected the best philosophy topics for essays in our selection based on this method. You will also find a list of easy philosophy essay topics, get bonus tips on writing them, and learn the answers to the most popular questions regarding the issue.

  • 🔝 Top-10 Philosophy Topics
  • ⛪ Philosophy of Religion
  • 🗳️ Political Philosophy
  • ⚖️ Philosophy of Law
  • 🔬 Philosophy of Science
  • 😊 Easy Philosophy Topics
  • 😀 Fun Philosophy Topics
  • ✍️ Bonus: 17 Writing Tips

There is a joke that in successful relationships, one becomes happy, and in unsuccessful, one becomes a philosopher. Unfortunately, that could be true only if the person read philosophical books on philosophy or developed their philosophical research theories in the latter case.

Philosophy is a Greek word meaning “love for wisdom”.

Philosophy is a Greek word meaning “love for wisdom.” It analyzes how we perceive the outside and inner world using logic and reason. This discipline teaches us close reading, clear writing, critical thinking, and logical analysis. These methods try to formulate the appropriate language to describe reality and our place in it.

🔝 Top-10 Philosophy Essay Topics

  • How does death shape the meaning of life?
  • Do our senses reflect the accurate picture of the world?
  • Why do we consider some actions to be morally incorrect?
  • Is there a correct way to live a life?
  • What makes humans different from other mammals?
  • If art is subjective, how can we tell whether a given artist is talented or not?
  • Knowledge can hurt. Why do we strive for it?
  • Idealism: A way to perfection or fantasy?
  • Does love have a meaning beyond itself?
  • Should happiness be the ultimate purpose in life?

⛪ Philosophy of Religion Topics

  • Do religious beliefs contradict scientific thinking ?
  • Does religion improve or degrade humanity?
  • Religion and Politics in Durkheim’s Theories .
  • The belief system of each person limits their faith.
  • How do different faiths envision the ultimate reality?
  • Islam and Its Influence on the World Society .
  • Can God’s existence be justified on rational grounds?
  • If God exists, does it mean that only one religion is genuine?
  • Same-sex Marriage as a Religious Issue .
  • Omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent, omnibenevolent: Is that true?
  • What is the source of any religious belief?
  • Descartes’ proof of the existence of God.
  • Philosophy and religion: theory and practice.
  • Differences between religion and philosophy of religion.
  • Does philosophy admit that god exists?
  • Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
  • Harmonization of god’s purposes with human goods in Kant’s philosophy.
  • Reason and religious belief. An introduction to The Philosophy of Religion’ by M. Peterson.
  • Religious Studies and Theology .
  • Aristotle’s god: the universal source of change in the universe.
  • Human rights from the perspective of Islam .
  • Christian Religious Fundamentalism and Family Role Identities .
  • Do you think the five philosophical proofs of god’s existence are trustworthy?
  • Evangelical theology: Jesus Christ.
  • Does Hegel’s doctrine of god match Christian theology ?
  • Religion and public life in “American Grace” by Putnam.
  • Pragmatic views in “The Will to Believe” by William James.
  • God in Descartes and Nietzsche.
  • Which model of faith do you prefer?
  • Sociology of religion: purpose and concept.
  • Describe the constant conflict of creationism.
  • Relation between god, Jesus Christ, and the Holy Spirit.
  • Can religious experiences confirm the existence of ultimate reality?
  • Islamic civilization: religious practices.
  • How could one distinguish the genuine experience of god from the ungenuine?
  • What is the highest good in Buddhism ?
  • Descartes and God’s existence.
  • Is morality possible without religion?
  • Buddhism: teachings of Buddha.
  • Can there be free will if god is omniscient?
  • Afterlife in different world cultures.
  • Miracle: A transgression of the natural law or a transgression of our understanding of it?
  • Which side of the mind-body debate would you take?
  • Religious beliefs and political decisions.
  • Establish the relationship between a person’s belief in the afterlife and their theistic position.
  • Karma, dharma, and samsara in Indian religions.
  • How to make sense of religious diversity ?
  • Conceptions of Christ.
  • Can the language of god be understood from the human position?
  • Judaism concepts.
  • The nature of miracles in the philosophy of religion.
  • Moses in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam.
  • The difference in the conceptions of god in monotheist and pantheist religions.
  • World religions studies and key concepts.
  • Does the doctrine of the trinity relate Christianism to pantheism?
  • What is the logical problem of evil?

🗳️ Topics in Political Philosophy

  • Why is the term “political” a problem in philosophy?
  • The Research of Morality in Politics .
  • Why is climate change an issue for political philosophy?
  • Political Science, Philosophy & Social Criticism .
  • Is it possible to establish global justice?
  • What does it take to be a free citizen ?
  • Political Ideologies From the Philosophic Point of View .
  • Does a fair way to distribute wealth exist?
  • Does a nation owe anything to another country?
  • Utopia: ideal state basic principles.
  • What are the limits of the legal obligations of a citizen?
  • The destructive nature of capitalism.
  • Civil liberties in the supreme court.
  • Nationalism vs. Cosmopolitanism: A comparative study.
  • Political justice: Muslims discrimination.
  • The equality in opportunity for racial justice .
  • Marxism and realism in international relationships.
  • What are an individual’s rights against the state?
  • Karl Marx’s ideas: society alienation and conflict theory.
  • Alternative theories in international relations.
  • Is democracy another unattainable ideal?
  • International relations theories: realism & green politics.
  • To which degree should the state force its people to do something for their own good?
  • Democracy: pluralist theory and elite theory.
  • Realist versus liberal international relations theory.
  • Democracy vs. Epistocracy: which one do you support and why?
  • Realism and idealism in modern international relations.
  • Does the government have the moral right to ban unhealthy behavior?
  • Liberal international relations theories and global security.
  • Explain the importance of political philosophy in the education of future citizens.
  • Italian fascism and German nazism contrast analysis.
  • What could Aristotle tell us about the world of globalization : A critical study of ancient philosophy.
  • Political realism is the theory of international relations.
  • Why are there no permanent answers in political philosophy?
  • The role of the state: ideologies and policies.
  • What are the principal goals of a decent society?
  • Marxism philosophy, a constitutional republic, and American criminal justice.
  • Why should a person obey the law?
  • The Idea of Republican Theory
  • What is the basis of human dignity: freedom, virtue, friendship, and love?
  • Neoliberalism: history and modern perception.
  • What are the meeting points between the philosophy of religion and political philosophy?
  • “The german ideology” by Karl Marx and materialism.
  • Is there a single best political regime ?
  • Karl Marx’s theory of exploitation: a critical analysis.
  • Can humanity exist without wars?
  • Tocqueville and the idea of America moving toward communism.
  • The mechanism of redirecting conflict to the common good in politics.
  • The essential concepts and principles of democracy.
  • Is international politics a sum of the regimes of the member countries?
  • Concept and the significance of soft power.
  • What is the standard character type of a democratic society
  • Democratic society and the capitalist system.
  • What is the most praiseworthy thing for a community?
  • “Civil disobedience” essay by Henry David Thoreau.
  • Do you believe that humanity will find something better than democracy in the future?
  • Bureaucracy and its role in society.
  • Are people capable of establishing a government based on reflection and choice?
  • Federalism: challenges and debates.
  • What are the qualities of successful and wise statesmanship ?
  • Neoliberalism and human suffering.

⚖️ Philosophy of Law Topics

  • Should we obey the law because of fear of punishment or because it is good?
  • Capital Punishment: The Philosophical Perspective .
  • Why cannot humanity adopt single legislation for all countries?
  • Individual and Social Theories in Explaining a Crime .
  • The difference between consequential and categorical moral reasoning of crimes.
  • The theory of rational choice in criminology.
  • Are the institutions of punishment morally justifiable?
  • Stanford Prison Experiment and Its Consequences .
  • Wrongful conviction in the criminal court system.
  • A Utilitarian Approach to Capital Punishment .
  • What distinguishes law from ethical norms?
  • Crime theories and countermeasures.
  • How did the principal legal issues transform through the ages?
  • Assisted suicide: euthanasia and self-determination.
  • Do the changes in morality entail changes in the legal systems?
  • The common law background of the Fourth Amendment.
  • Is morality objective or subjective?
  • Is healthcare a civil or human right?
  • Can the empowerment of a certain population group limit the opportunities for another?
  • Rights protected by the Second Amendment.
  • Where is the line between the right to free speech and discrimination?
  • Poverty or low income as a cause of crime.
  • Can we say that law has conventional nature?
  • Constitution and system of separation of powers.
  • A legal system requires a sanction for non-compliance.
  • Rights and freedoms in the US.
  • Legal realism: the law is the product of court decisions.
  • The financial cost of crime to society.
  • The law of human interpretation in law.
  • Is the Bill of Rights necessary or not ?
  • Deontology : preserving the autonomy of other people.
  • Importance of drug legalization in the USA.
  • The abortion debate – understanding the issues.
  • Life in prison and death penalty comparison.
  • Capital punishment and the concept of redemption.
  • Death penalty for and against.

👼 Philosophy & Ethics Topics

  • Moral right and wrong vs. moral good and evil: A personal experience.
  • Capital Punishment and Its Ethics .
  • Any society has its specific moral outlook.
  • Positive Psychology and Philosophical Concepts .
  • Ethics and morality: Interchangeable terms?
  • Ethical Decision-Making & Counseling on Abortion .
  • Will humanity ever find a correct way to live?
  • Philosophical Ethical Theories: Kantianism and Utilitarianism .
  • Should secondary education comprise ethics?
  • What is the current theory of ethics prevailing in philosophy?
  • Death Penalty: Crime and Morality .
  • Ethics in Descartes and Nietzsche .
  • Does the level of schooling define a person’s morality?
  • “The Allegory of the Cave” – The philosophy of Plato and Socrates.
  • Is there a moral justification for the class system?
  • Is there anything morally wrong with abortions ?
  • Moral Philosophy and Peter Singer .
  • Lawyers and ethics: the attorney-client privilege .
  • Mass surveillance as an anti-crime measure: An ethical perspective.
  • Equal consideration of interests to non-human animals.
  • Is honesty a must for a moral person?
  • Police ethics and misconduct.
  • Wealth: A prerequisite for charitable actions?
  • Do we have a moral responsibility over developing countries ?
  • The ethics of cloning: morality and issues.
  • The ethical side of human cloning.
  • Should governments consider the ethical aspects of new laws?
  • Morality, ethics, and ethical integrity.
  • The ethics of discrimination : is there any?
  • Censorship: should we ban morally harmful content?
  • Lifestyles in Don Giovanni and Dangerous Liaisons.
  • Are criminals evil by nature?
  • Animal experiments: benefits, ethics, and defenders.
  • Do you support or discard utilitarianism ?
  • Do you think there is such a thing as a moral fact?
  • Animal research, its ineffectiveness, and amorality.
  • Can ethical rules limit free will?
  • Ethical life issues in works by Cicero and C.S. Lewis.
  • Write a dissertation on the drivers of human behavior.
  • The problem of moral superiority.
  • Socrates and Thrasymachus’ views on justice in Plato’s Republic.
  • Do we have the right to restrict the immigrant inflow?
  • Does every action presuppose an intent?
  • Plato and Kant’s understanding of justice.
  • Does the current state of morality make us civilized?
  • Case study on models of making ethical decisions.
  • Is a good death possible?
  • Al-Ghazali philosophy.
  • Deontological ethics vs. value ethics: Research project.
  • Does there exist a bad motivation for procreation?
  • Euthyphro’s definition of “Holiness” or “Piety.”
  • Ethics in the institutions of global governance.
  • Nihilism in Nietzsche’s, Kierkegaard’s, and Heidegger’s views.

🔬 Philosophy of Science Essay Topics

  • The future of technology : The responsibility of philosophers?
  • Human Being in the Modern Science .
  • Time travel: Should we learn to do that?
  • Thinking and Intelligence in Psychological Science .
  • Is artificial intelligence our only hope for unparalleled technological development?
  • Explain the distinction between science and non-science.
  • Einstein and his Contribution to Science .
  • What are the ultimate aims of science?
  • Is there a universal way to interpret scientific findings ?
  • St. Thomas Aquinas’ cosmological argument analysis.
  • A scientific theory and antirealism: Useful but not trustworthy.
  • Is the philosophy of science useful for scientists?
  • Debates of Using Animals in Scientific Analysis .
  • Theory vs. empirical data: What comes first?
  • Hobbes and Locke in the state of nature.
  • What is a measurement in science?
  • The Vienna Circle of Positivism: A historical outlook.
  • Legal Positivism and Natural Theory .
  • How and why did the science of ecology emerge?
  • Popper’s philosophy of science and falsification.
  • Describe the difference between a semantic view and a model-based approach.
  • Which research problems compose the evolutionary theory ?
  • Philosophical views and cultural influences.
  • What does it take to obtain authoritative knowledge ?
  • Analyze the social nature of any scientific knowledge.
  • Clifford’s and James’ knowledge theories.
  • Does gender define trust in science?
  • What does it mean to be an objective scientist?
  • Feminist Approaches to Gender and Science Issues .
  • Mind plus computer: Homunculus theory.
  • Compare Aristotle’s and Plato’s approaches to knowledge.

😊 Easy Philosophy Paper Topics

  • Do you believe in the extra-sensory powers of some people?
  • In which ways does God speak to people?
  • Death as the Final Destination .
  • Describe the future of humanity in 200 years.
  • Aristotle and relationships at work.
  • The way we treat nature is worse than ever before.
  • Describe the ideal society.
  • The Role of the Belief System in Projecting the Future .
  • Analyze the most famous words of your favorite philosopher.
  • Dreams : A parallel world or our fears and wishes?
  • A fallacy: term definition and examples.
  • Heaven and hell are our visions of good and evil.
  • What is the nature of intuition?
  • Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill’s Moral Theories .
  • Why do people lie?
  • Mind-body relationship.
  • Onlooker’s responsibility: When should you not interfere?
  • When do children become adults?
  • Skepticism Theory of Knowledge .
  • Each death is a tiny end of the world.
  • People and the meaning of life.
  • Can international relations be moral?
  • Happiness or success: What is our purpose?
  • The Concept of Justice According to Socrates and Augustine .
  • Are human virtues so good for everyone?
  • Plato’s allegory of the cave.
  • What would happen if animals spoke?
  • Luck is a form of optimism.
  • The relationship between money and happiness.
  • Where does responsibility come from?
  • Virtue and Human Good by Aristotle and Socrates .
  • Tolerance : A gateway to discrimination?

😀 Fun Philosophy Paper Topics

  • Why are clowns scary and fun at the same time?
  • How do our names define our personalities?
  • Why Do We Make Bad Decisions ?
  • Light meal vs. large snack: How do we form our eating habits?
  • How do you know you are not sleeping now?
  • Why Do People Behave the Way They Do?
  • Why don’t passengers get a parachute on a plane?
  • How do you think your pet calls you?
  • What Justifies My Existence?
  • What makes you “elderly?”
  • Why Do Adolescents Engage in Risk-Taking Behaviors ?
  • Embalming the dead: The pointless attempt to stop decomposition.
  • What is the gap between living and existing?
  • Why Marijuana Should Be Legalized?
  • Is it moral for a vegetarian to eat animal-shaped cookies?
  • Most time-saving devices are a total waste of time.
  • Why Does Crime Require Punishment?
  • Does a white painting on white paper exist?
  • If you plan to fail, do you succeed when it happens?
  • Why Should We Pay for Music?
  • Everyone can be replaced.
  • What would happen if you told only the truth?
  • Why Are Reality Shows So Popular ?
  • Knowing the date of your death: The best motivator?
  • Who do we owe for our success?
  • Courage and Fear: What Do You Know About Them?
  • How do you know that something has a meaning?
  • What does it mean to control your life?
  • What Is Consciousness and How Does It Work ?
  • What comes first: the ends or the means?

✍️ Bonus: 17 Tips on Writing a Philosophy Paper

When you’re assigned a philosophy paper, it can be a perfect moment to obtain a philosophical attitude: “This too shall pass.” However, while working on it, it’s better to concentrate and make maximum effort to do it right. Here are 17 quick tips that can help you a lot.

  • Scholar.google.com
  • The OALster database
  • Internet Public Library
  • Biblioscape
  • Brainstorm your topic. This simple method can save you plenty of time and bring surprising results. Set a timer and try to generate as many ideas as possible within a chosen time period. Make it a rule to write down every idea crossing your mind (even if it seems crazy). You’ll have time to sort out your ideas later.
  • Create an outline. After you choose all major arguments, work on the logical structure of your paper. As an option, draw a mind map for your would-be paper.
  • Create a thesis statement. Just like any other academic paper, your Philosophy term paper will require a strong thesis statement, the last sentence in the introduction part, and briefly summarizing the main idea of your paper.
  • Write a stunning introduction. Start with an attention hook – a quote, a rhetorical question, striking stats, or an interesting fact.
  • Explain why you chose this topic.
  • Write an effective literature review. Divide your sources into groups according to the authors’ conclusions. Point out the gap in the literature.
  • Make transitions between sections. Make your Philosophy term papers flow. Just a couple of words connecting sections can improve the logical structure of your paper.
  • Use hamburger paragraph structure. Start every paragraph with a topic sentence – a brief summary of what you’re going to discuss in the paragraph. Complete every paragraph with a concluding sentence – a brief repetition of what you’ve just said. It’s a great way to make your writing more logical and convincing.
  • Spend 70% of word count on your own ideas. One of the best things about Philosophy writing is that you should include your own vision of the problem. Instead of jumping from one quote to another one, balance the quotes you use by adding your own ideas.
  • Align your ideas with your course readings. Include a couple of terms you discussed in class or heard in lectures in your Philosophy term papers to impress your teachers.
  • Discuss counterarguments. Show your deep understanding of the topic, shedding light on the conflicting points of view.
  • Point out the limitations. Show your analytical thinking. Make it obvious that you understand that any research can have certain flaws, such as sampling or research method.
  • Use spell, grammar, style, and plagiarism checkers. The software can help you improve the quality of your writing and help you avoid trouble.
  • Cite all sources. Make sure that you give credit to the authors whose writing you used.
  • Write a logical conclusion. Briefly repeat what you have said in your paper and add a new perspective – ideas for further research. Avoid including any new information in the conclusion of your Philosophy term paper.

We hope that our examples of philosophy topics for essays have inspired your philosophical thinking. Still, if you haven’t found what you are looking for, try out the topic generator . Enter the related keyword and check dozens of philosophy of science essay topics, philosophy of law topics, and many more.

❓ Philosophy Essay FAQ

What topics are in philosophy.

Philosophy topics for essays are subdivided into topics on law, politics, science, ethics, existential issues, and philosophy of religion topics. You can also research feminism, logical argumentation, human rationality, empiricism, stoicism, metaphysics, and epistemology. The broadest and the most exciting title could be: What is the world we live in really like?

How to Come up With a Topic in Philosophy?

  • Select the domain. Would you like to discuss ethics, metaphysics, or epistemology? These are the three pillars of philosophy.
  • If you prefer something more practical, choose topics on political philosophy.
  • Read through your notes over the last semester. You will find an interesting research question.

What Is a Good Philosophy Essay Topic?

A good philosophy topic for an essay does not reveal your position but instead suggests an argumentative question. Does life have a superior meaning? Does an individual have the right to suicide? Can we build a happy society without international conflicts? Such questions allow you to develop arguments and explain your opinion.

What Are Easy Topics to Write About on Philosophy?

Philosophy ethics topics are probably the easiest papers to write because each person has their moral code, which could serve as a reference point. Consider the following:

  • Why do all societies have different moral standards?
  • Is there a universal paradigm of ethics?
  • Is it ethical to apply euthanasia?

🔗 References

  • Why Study Philosophy? | University of Washington
  • Research Areas | Department of Philosophy
  • How death shapes life | The Harvard Gazette
  • Reflections on Death in Philosophical/Existential Context
  • Research Overview | Department of Philosophy
  • Philosophy of art | Britannica
  • Research Clusters – Philosophy – Columbia University
  • Political philosophy | Britannica

IELTS Preparation Tips & Resources [How to Study IELTS by Myself?]

How to prepare for pte academic test: study guide & tips.

48 Philosophy and Ethics Argumentative Essay Topics

Here are some interesting philosophy paper topics and ethics essay topics for you. These topics are rather general and are not meant for students majoring in philosophy. Philosophy paper topics may be also created by choosing a theory or a philosopher and asking how justified the proposed ideas are.

Likewise, you may investigate the ethical aspects surrounding any human practice to create an ethics essay topic.  You can also take the historical perspective and claim that particular philosophical or ethical beliefs or convictions had a rather positive or negative effect on its time.

1. Are people good or evil by nature?

2. Does free will exist? Should the notion of free will be reconsidered?  Review of credible sources on the topic. 

3. Does the belief in God change a person?

4. Is science compatible/incompatible with religion? (Consider creation and evolution in particular)

5. Argue for or against utilitarianism.

6. Argue for or against psychological/ethical egoism.

7. Are morals relative to culture or  society ?

8. Do moral facts exist?

9. Should philosophers be invited to consider the future of technological development?

10. Do moral rules enslave people? Can people violate moral rules to achieve a common good? Critically evaluate Machiavelli’s ideas.

11. What theory explaining the drivers of human behavior is the most convincing?

12. Is morality related to the level of education of a person?

13. The research shows people have inborn capacities, which largely determine educational attainment. Should this affect the educational system? Does this justify a class system?

14. Should genetic engineering humans be legal?  Review of credible sources on the topic .

15. Should euthanasia be legal?

16.  Is abortion morally wrong?

Ethical Argument Topics

17. Can capital punishment be legal? Should a convict be allowed to decide whether to serve a life sentence or accept the death penalty?

18. Should the personal use of drugs be legal?

19. Can mass surveillance be justified?  Review of credible sources on the topic. 

20. Is cloning ethically permissible?

21. Is there a moral obligation to be honest?

22. Is it ethical to use drugs to enhance cognition? Is it compatible with the use of steroids in sports?

23. Can charity be considered a moral obligation? Should it be considered an obligation of the wealthy people?

24. Do developed countries have a moral responsibility to address the issue of hunger in the world?

25. Do democratic states have a moral right/moral obligation to overthrow/help overthrow dictatorship/eliminate oppression in some states?

26. Who should decide whether to place an elderly in the elderly center: an elderly person himself/herself, children, healthcare specialist?

27. Can a person be denied a place in the hall of fame, etc. for demonstrating low moral standards?

28. Should the wealthy countries assume responsibility for organ trafficking business in developing states?  Review of credible sources on the topic. 

29. Should products manufactured with the use of child labor/in conditions detrimental to people’s health bear a special notification?

30. Is there a moral duty to care for the environment? Should environment awareness be treated as a virtue?

31. Is it ethical to have zoos and circuses?

32. Is it ethical to use animals’ fur and skin? Should the fur industry be regulated/banned overall? Should free relationships be considered immoral?

33. Is it ethical to invest in operations for pets if people in developing countries lack basic health care?

34. Is it ethical to use embryos in genetic engineering research?  Review of credible sources on the topic. 

35. Is it ethical to produce “designer babies”?  Review of credible sources on the topic. 

36. Should the state consider moral aspects of the  policy  when implementing it? What should overweight: morality or economic benefits?

37. Should people face legal responsibility for failing on the moral rules? (Consider if it is normal that people are punished for treason but not for cheating, what consequences the refusal to help can have).

38. Should patriotism be considered a virtue? (see other  patriotism essay topics and ideas )

39. Should violent and offensive content be removed from the Internet? Who should decide what content is offensive?

40. Has feminism as a movement achieved all its goals? Is there currently equality between the sexes?

41. The ethics of feminism. Consider both the equality and freedom issues and the traditional virtues of women. Is feminism somehow opposed to religion?

42. Should white Americans hold responsibility for the disadvantaged position of black Americans?

43. Is ageism a real thing? How should it be tackled?

44. Are the existing policies adequately protecting people from discrimination?

45. Should hate speech on the Internet and  social media sites  be censored? Should there be a legal responsibility for hate speech?

46. Should the state be allowed to censor the creative work of the artists: films, exhibitions, books, etc.?

47. What is the ethics behind Bitcoin: lower costs to end-users or money laundering?

48.  Ethical questions that surround Covid-19  and the response to the pandemic.

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225 Impressive Philosophy Essay Topics and Ideas

Table of Contents

Writing a philosophy essay is a daunting task that requires good analytical skills, extensive research experience, and strong subject knowledge. Furthermore, an ideal philosophy essay topic is needed the most to craft the paper. Philosophy is a vast field of study that focuses on numerous concepts and theories related to life, truth, wisdom, and so on. Since the subject is broad, it might be easy for you to gather excellent philosophy essay topics for your assignments. In case, you run short of ideas, take a look at this blog.

For your convenience, here, we have compiled a list of the best essay ideas on philosophy and its associated concepts. In addition to that, we have also explained how to select the right topic and craft a detailed philosophy essay with valid supporting facts and evidence to prove your thesis statement. Continue reading to get ideas for philosophy essay writing.

Philosophy Essay Writing Steps

In general, philosophy is an interesting academic discipline that focuses on the fundamental nature of reality, knowledge, and existence. Most importantly, the subject deals with a wide range of theories that are related to primary occurrences in nature and daily life, and also revolve around the concept of reality, truth, and goodness.

Philosophy Essay Topics

As mentioned above, philosophy essay writing is not a piece of cake. For writing a philosophy essay, you must have a great philosophy essay topic and also know how to critically analyze, identify the hidden arguments, and then persuade your readers with logical arguments that are relevant to your essay topic.

If you are asked to write a comprehensive philosophy essay, then this is what you should follow.

  • First, identify an outstanding philosophy essay topic.
  • Next, sketch a detailed essay outline by highlighting the key arguments.
  • Create a strong thesis statement.
  • Structure the essay by including the essential components such as the introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Add a hook sentence to your introductory paragraph and close the section with the thesis statement that you have prepared.
  • Present all the major points or arguments on your topic with supporting evidence or other credible information in the body section.
  • Wrap up the essay with a thesis restatement and a call to action in the conclusion paragraph.
  • In the end, create a references list or a bibliography.
  • Finally, proofread the entire essay and edit it, if there are any errors.

Tips for Choosing a Good Philosophy Essay Topic

The first step in philosophy essay writing is identifying a good topic to deal with. Generally, people will think that it is easy to search and find an essay topic. But it is not true. For choosing an essay topic, you must put a lot of effort and time into it.

Usually, the professors will either propose essay topic ideas for you to choose from, or they will ask you to write a brilliant essay by choosing a philosophy essay topic on your own. If you are asked to select a topic on your own, then you should keep the following things in mind while selecting the philosophy essay topic.

When it comes to choosing a philosophy essay topic, always remember to pick a topic that

  • Interests you and your readers.
  • Allows you to fill the areas that are lacking.
  • Addresses a specific problem in society.
  • Is not too broad or too narrow.
  • Provides solutions to life problems.
  • Contains an arguable question or an argumentative topic.
  • Consist of different views and opinions.
  • Matches the research methodology of your choice.
  • Contains a wide range of sources and references.
  • Have enough facts and data to support the major points or arguments.

Read More – Philosophy Research Topics for Every College Student You Know

List of Top Philosophy Essay Topics

Till now, we have seen how to choose a good philosophy essay topic and write an informative essay. Next, let us move on to the philosophy essay topic ideas.

To make your topic-searching process easier, here we have compiled a list of awesome philosophy essay topic ideas for you to consider. Go through the entire list and identify a topic that suits you perfectly.

Simple Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Does wisdom increase with age?
  • What happens when people die?
  • What would happen if humans lived forever?
  • How complex is a human life from conception to adulthood?
  • Is it worth keeping memories of past events if we can’t go back to them?
  • The origins of racial prejudice.
  • Is religious education necessary?
  • Our perception of disabled people.
  • The definition of anger.
  • Politics versus moral values.
  • Analyse the four pillars of philosophy
  • Why does the philosophy of Socrates differ from the philosophy of Plato?
  • Is it logical to believe that only God can restrict people from sin
  • Explain the philosophy of statesmanship
  • Should the notion of free will be reconsidered?

Basic Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Eastern moral values versus Western moral values
  • Philosophy of Love in Christianity and Jainism
  • Philosophy of Hinduism
  • Personality formation and environmental science
  • God versus Evil
  • Are morals relative to society and culture?
  • Concept of Meaning in My Life: Reflective Essay.
  • Analysis of the Significance of Our Existence: Concept of Meaning of Life.
  • Concept of Meaning of Life: Critical Analysis.
  • Concept of Meaning and Its Role in Our Life: Analytical Essay

Argumentative Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Explain the purpose behind good and evil.
  • Elaborate the main attributes of Skepticism
  • Explain whether or not morality should be subjective.
  • Investigate whether knowledge is a result of experience and learning.
  • Explain why governments should conceal the evidence of extraterrestrial
  • The causes of religious wars.
  • What are the reasons and solutions to mass panic and hysteria?
  • Utilitarianism has roots in violence and social rejection.
  • What is the relationship between the spirit and the natural world?
  • What are critical moral issues around genetically modified products?
  • Legality of genetic engineering
  • Is there any moral obligation to be honest?
  • Is it ethical to have pets?
  • Individualism versus idealism
  • John Locke Versus Socrates in Ideas Concerning Just Society: Analytical Essay.
  • Violence and Nonviolence Movements: Critical Analysis. Critical Review of Interview with Adams: Issues of War and Pacifism.
  • Analytical Essay on Ethical Relativism.
  • How the modern feminist philosophy differ from previous years?
  • Analyze the difference between logic and mathematics
  • Describe the differences between a posterior and a priori in probability

Also, Read – Thought-Provoking Argumentative Essay Topics for You to Explore

Interesting Philosophy Essay Topics

  • What are the main aspects of Stoicism?
  • The world of cinema: objective versus subjective.
  • Is there an end to technology’s development?
  • Do we learn based on the legacy provided by the family?
  • What are our modern perceptions of anti-utopia and the link to technology?
  • Are single-family children more caring?
  • What is the human link to Mother Nature?
  • Is love only based on chemical reactions?
  • Would people commit crimes if we did not have punishment?
  • Does religion change the way people approach science?

Amazing Philosophy Essay Ideas

  • Is it important to promote the concept of the nuclear family?
  • Discuss the things that are truly subjective in life
  • Human rights and their significance
  • Ethical issues arise in abortion
  • Discuss the philosophy behind religious practices
  • Utilitarianism versus Deontology
  • Discuss the philosophy of Nihilism
  • The Importance of Respect for Others.
  • The Future of Pacifism. Connection of Morality with Function of a Human Being.
  • Building a Just Society Through God’s Love.

Plato Essay Topics

  • An ideal world through the prism of Plato.
  • The similarities between Plato and Aristotle.
  • A comparison of Plato’s philosophy versus Christian metaphysics.
  • The role of literary devices in Plato’s philosophy.
  • The central beliefs of Socrates versus Plato’s analytical approach.
  • Plato’s Republic: moral and subjective views.
  • Analysis of Plato’s Theory of Forms.
  • Explain different forms of the good according to Plato’s Republic
  • Examine the role of Plato and Aristotle in classical German philosophy.
  • What was the influence of other philosophers on the ideas of Plato?
  • Discuss the role of God in the philosophy of Plato
  • Plato and the Allegory of the Caves
  • Lessons one can learn from Plato’s book ‘The Apology’
  • Natural laws versus moral laws in contemporary society
  • Compare and contrast the philosophy of science and feminist epistemology

Captivating Philosophy Essay Topics

  • The philosophy of love in Buddhism.
  • The philosophy of Marxism.
  • How does payment affect satisfaction based on what a person does?
  • Can happiness be approached without a social group?
  • Personality formation and environmental science.
  • A definition of true friendship on social media.
  • Why do people participate in volunteering?
  • The sources of determinism.
  • A genetic aspect of moral perception.
  • Love and affection: do we learn from it?

Top Philosophy Essay Questions

  • The phenomenon of eternity.
  • Emotional aspect in legislation.
  • The challenges of free will.
  • The philosophy of Apartheid.
  • Spiritual medical practices.
  • Why do people start wars?
  • What forces children to lie?
  • Do we truly have a right to free speech?
  • Are moral choices objective?
  • The role of digital platforms and their negative effect on human philosophy.

Philosophy Essay Topics on Worldview

  • The role of a cultural mindset and globalization.
  • Are we alone in the universe?
  • The origins of consumerism in American society.
  • Communism versus Capitalism.
  • The value of knowledge and reading of books.
  • The role of Platonic realism.
  • Feminism and idealism through the lens of behavioral
  • Future perspectives and technology.
  • An average perception of the world by the middle school child.
  • The role of the grandparents in our outlook on life.

Practical Philosophy Essay Topics

  • The definition of truth online.
  • The philosophy of peaceful protests.
  • An application of medieval philosophy in literature.
  • The anti-vaccination philosophy.
  • The philosophy of eco-friendliness and the controversies.
  • The definition of modern romance.
  • The Black Lives Matter social movement philosophy.
  • Why are people afraid of changes in the times of technology?
  • How can a person remain objective with the plethora of information we process today?
  • The role of Twitter in political processes.

Transcendentalism Essay Topics

  • The most famous Transcendentalists of the 21st century.
  • Feminism and the lack of changes to women’s rights.
  • Is there such a thing as American Transcendentalism?
  • How did social protest change since the 1920s?
  • The attitude to people with autism and other learning difficulties.
  • How do people in different cultures perceive the nurturing of children?
  • The role and effect of remote education for children.
  • The philosophy that impacted the elimination of slavery.
  • Henry David Thoreau: how do his ideas apply to the 2021 state of things?

Also read: American History Topics To Consider For Academic Writing

Enlightenment Essay Topics

  • How did political songs affect education?
  • Voltaire and censorship.
  • The understanding of the Universe.
  • The pros and cons of individualism.
  • The reflection of skepticism in the literature of the 18th century.
  • How did people approach happiness in the Age of Enlightenment?
  • The access to information and the burned books.
  • The role of reason and intellectual development in the late 17th century.
  • Freedom through the lens of love and prosperity.
  • The role of power in the Age of Enlightenment.

Awesome Philosophy Essay Prompts

  • How can life be without news and information?
  • Can someone love and hate at the same time?
  • The impacts of the Western philosophical tradition
  • What fosters good judgment in the life of a man?
  • Should kids of all genders learn distinctively?
  • Does the weather affect the mood of women?
  • Do controversies indeed exist?
  • The role of education in fostering rationality and logic
  • Discuss the relationship between humanity, divinity, and creativity.
  • Is it reasonable to be proud after accomplishing something?

Incredible Philosophy Essay Topics

  • What is the link between genetics and human personalities?
  • Examine the freedom teenagers should have.
  • Examine the importance of preserving cultural heritage.
  • Determine if thoughts can exist without language.
  • Explain if it is possible to bridge the gap between the people with low income and the rich in society.
  • What are the issues and principles of ethics in psychotherapy?
  • Explain the definition and problems related to informed consent.
  • Examine conscience and its key features.
  • Point out the difference between unethical and ethical marketing.
  • Explain the link between ethics and aesthetics in axiology.

Informative Philosophy Essay Questions

  • Highlight the main features of empiricism.
  • Explain the critical attributes of Pietism.
  • Explain how Martin Luther’s theology impacted Europe.
  • Define the concept of “logos” in different philosophies.
  • Explain the concepts of divine providence and sin.
  • Define the idea of “becoming” in atomism.
  • What is the relationship between the doctrine of Pythagoreans and Mathematics?
  • Discuss the ethics behind the application of Bitcoin and other digital currencies.
  • Discuss ethical issues surrounding organ transplant
  • Define patriotism and explain why it should be a virtue.

Impactful Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Decipher the Notion of “Tabula Rasa” in Locke’s Philosophy.
  • Examine the Philosophical Roots of Feminist Theory.
  • Analyze Ethical Egoism.
  • Evaluate Zeno’s paradoxes.
  • Analyze the philosophy of crime and punishment from Dostoevsky’s viewpoints.
  • Trace the evolution of moral relativism in philosophy.
  • Explain the Merit of Utilitarianism in Policy-Making Decisions.
  • Analyze the Perspectives on Existentialism.
  • Examine “The Myth of Progress” from a philosophical lens.
  • Explore the concept of Karma in Indian philosophy.

Excellent Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Define the term mentally conscious and how it applies to human life.
  • What is the most crucial attribute to gain human knowledge?
  • Is it possible to provide help to a stranger without doubting their intentions?
  • Which is more important, to be loved by someone or to love someone?
  • Investigate why our superstitions and cultural myths about life and death are important.
  • Explain whether achieving self-development has anything to do with self-esteem.
  • A case study of the psychology behind cheap products and their quality.
  • Elaborate if philosophy is the ultimate answer to all questions in life.
  • Discuss how the feminine gender was in ancient Greece.
  • Examine whether getting information out of the outer world is real.
  • Explain the key differences between Freudism and Marxism.
  • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of killing oneself.
  • What are the ethical issues around using embryos in genetic engineering research?
  • Is feminism opposed to religion?
  • Explain why some individuals live life without feeling alive.

Trending Philosophy Essay Ideas

  • Define a perfect life and explain what keeps people from living it.
  • What impact does the belief in God have on humans?
  • How are war and peace interrelated to each other?
  • Is death the beginning of something new or the final point of human life?
  • Define the concept of Supernatural and highlight any proof of its existence.
  • Find a source of genuine inspiration. Your lack of motivation for the subject will always be apparent.
  • Select a particular philosophical school as your methodology.
  • Continue to read the writings of many philosophers and study them.
  • The social movement’s “Black Lives Matter” ethos.
  • With the volume of information we now process, how is it possible for someone to maintain objectivity?
  • The macho idea as it relates to the ideology of feminine dress.
  • The benefits and drawbacks of sporting competition: a philosophical perspective.
  • Should people have the ability to self-govern in legal matters?
  • The function of digital platforms and how they affect human philosophy negatively.
  • What compels kids to lie?

Latest Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Do we learn first through experience or the ongoing processing of information?
  • What kind of ideology encourages individuals to gamble?
  • The masculine idea as it relates to the ideology of feminine dress.
  • A type of nurturing is being cruel to younger siblings.
  • An ordinary middle schooler’s perspective on the world.
  • The importance of education and book reading.
  • Behavioral science is seen through the prism of feminism and idealism.
  • How did Enlightenment-era thinking contribute to Napoleon’s coming to power?
  • Discuss the impact of the Enlightenment on the French Revolution
  • Which period is called the Enlightenment period and why?
  • Enlightenment and Freemasonry activity in Germany
  • Discuss about some Enlightenment philosophers and their doctrine

Wrapping Up

Out of the plenty of ideas suggested in this blog, select any essay topic that matches your interest and compose a great philosophy essay as per your instructor’s guidelines. In case, you need any other unique essay ideas on philosophy or if you experience any troubles in writing your philosophy essay, get in touch with us immediately.

On our platform, we have several talented academic writers to offer high-quality philosophy assignment help according to your requirements. Especially, with the guidance of our subject experts you can easily handle all the stages of philosophy research papers or essay preparation, starting from topic selection to revision. Remember, the academic papers that our professionals create will be flawless, and non-plagiarized. Moreover, by utilizing our assignment writing service, you can also complete your tasks before the due date and get top scores in your class. So, without any hesitation, book your order now!

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691 Philosophy Essay Topics & Good Ideas

21 July 2023

last updated

Philosophy essay topics are vast, engaging, and intellectually stimulating, focusing on metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, logic, aesthetics, and more. They challenge students to ponder on fundamental questions, from the nature of reality and existence to the basis of morality, the meaning of life, and the intricacies of human knowledge. From exploring ancient philosophies to scrutinizing contemporary philosophical debates, various concepts are designed to ignite critical thinking, enhance argumentative skills, and deepen students’ understanding of the world, themselves, and their place within it. Thus, philosophical essay topics, by their nature, encourage students to develop and formulate their own unique perspectives, fostering a culture of intellectual curiosity and rigorous analysis.

Best Philosophy Topics

  • Unraveling Kant’s Perspective on Moral Imperatives
  • Analyzing the Concept of Existentialism in Sartre’s Works
  • Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”: A Modern Interpretation
  • Ethical Implications of Artificial Intelligence: A Philosophical View
  • Nihilism’s Influence on Contemporary Thought and Culture
  • The Intersection of Eastern Philosophy and Modern Science
  • Nietzsche’s “Will to Power”: Relevance in the 21st Century
  • Stoicism and Resilience: Ancient Wisdom for Modern Life
  • Deciphering the Notion of “Tabula Rasa” in Locke’s Philosophy
  • Dialectical Materialism: The Backbone of Marxist Philosophy
  • Heidegger’s “Being and Time”: A Deep-Dive Into Existential Analysis
  • Conceptualizing the “Simulated Reality” Hypothesis From a Philosophical Perspective
  • Philosophical Implications of Quantum Physics: Bridging the Gap
  • Utilitarianism vs. Deontology: An Ethical Debate
  • Contributions of Indian Philosophy to Global Philosophical Discourse
  • Philosophical Roots of Feminist Theory
  • Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics: Relevance in Modern Society
  • Philosophy of Language: Wittgenstein’s Revolutionary Viewpoint
  • Re-Examining Solipsism in the Digital Age
  • The Notion of “Free Will”: Philosophical Perspectives
  • Descartes’ Meditations: Rationalism and Skepticism
  • Spinoza and Pantheism: An Intriguing Relation
  • Causality and Hume: Breaking Down Empiricism
  • The Role of Suffering in Buddhist Philosophy
  • The Paradox of Time Travel: A Philosophical Enquiry

Philosophy Essay Topics & Good Ideas

Easy Philosophy Topics

  • Epicurus on Pleasure: Hedonism Redefined
  • The “Butterfly Effect” Concept: Philosophical Underpinnings
  • Schopenhauer’s Pessimism: Understanding the Philosophy of Suffering
  • Transcendental Idealism: Unpacking Kant’s Epistemology
  • Philosophical Investigations Into the Nature of Consciousness
  • Probing Into the Ethics of Cloning: A Philosophical Examination
  • Postmodernist Views on Objective Reality: A Critical Evaluation
  • Analyzing Ethical Egoism: An Inquiry Into Self-Interest
  • Ayn Rand’s Objectivism: A Philosophical Analysis
  • The Concept of “The Other” in Existential Philosophy
  • Philosophical Assumptions in Freud’s Theory of Psychoanalysis
  • Taoist Philosophy and Its Relevance to Sustainable Living
  • Rethinking the Philosophy of Death: Perspectives on Mortality
  • Philosophy of Mathematics: Beyond Numbers and Equations
  • Metaphysical Debates Surrounding the Existence of God
  • Interpreting the Principle of “Ma” in Japanese Aesthetics
  • Philosophical Perspectives on the Dichotomy of Good and Evil
  • Assessing the Phenomenological Approach in Philosophy
  • Heraclitus’ Philosophy of Change: A Dynamic View of Reality
  • The Mind-Body Problem: Insights From Dualism and Monism
  • Evaluating Zeno’s Paradoxes: A Philosophical Perspective
  • The Notion of Justice in Rawls’ Theory of Fairness
  • Pyrrhonian Skepticism: An Examination of Radical Doubt
  • Impacts of Existential Crisis on Human Behavior: A Philosophical Investigation

Interesting Philosophy Paper Topics

  • Rousseau and the “Noble Savage”: Revisiting Romanticism in Philosophy
  • Debating the Ethics of War: A Philosophical Approach
  • The Perception of Reality in Hindu Philosophy: Maya and Brahman
  • Analyzing the Philosophy of Crime and Punishment: Dostoevsky’s Perspective
  • The Golden Mean: Aristotle’s Take on Balance and Moderation
  • Philosopher Kings: Plato’s Vision of Ideal Rulership
  • A Deeper Look Into the Philosophy of Stoic Joy
  • Exploring the Boundaries of Human Knowledge: An Epistemological Enquiry
  • The Socratic Method: Its Philosophical Foundations and Educational Implications
  • Understanding the Notion of “The Absurd” in Camus’ Works
  • Critical Examination of Hobbes’ “State of Nature”
  • Kierkegaard’s Leap of Faith: A Philosophical Analysis
  • Transhumanism and Its Philosophical Implications: A Critical Study
  • Philosophy of Art: Aesthetic Theory and Practice
  • Evaluating the Existentialism of Nietzsche’s “Ubermensch”
  • Jung’s Archetypes: Unveiling the Philosophical Underpinnings
  • Moral Obligations Towards Future Generations: A Philosophical Perspective
  • Zen Buddhism: Its Philosophy and Influence on Eastern Thought
  • Philosophical Perspectives on Human Rights: Defining Dignity and Freedom
  • Confucius’ Philosophy of Harmony: Relevance in Contemporary Society
  • The Evolution of Social Contract Theory: From Hobbes to Rawls
  • Tracing the Evolution of Moral Relativism in Philosophy
  • The Philosophical Aspects of Happiness: A Comparative Study
  • Platonic Love: Its Philosophical Underpinnings and Influence on Western Thought

Argumentative Philosophy Topics

  • Influence of Artificial Intelligence on Modern Ethics
  • Death Penalty: Deterrent for Crime or Infringement on Rights?
  • Free Will vs. Determinism: Influence on Human Behavior
  • Assisted Suicide: Compassionate Choice or Ethical Misstep?
  • Objectivity in History: Fact or Interpretation?
  • Truth of Absolutism: Unwavering Certainty or Egotistical Illusion?
  • Validity of Censorship in Safeguarding Public Morality
  • Role of Religion: Source of Morality or Cause of Conflict?
  • Virtue Ethics: Ideal Moral Compass or Unrealistic Standard?
  • Merit of Utilitarianism in Policy-Making Decisions
  • Ethical Implications of Genetic Engineering in Humans
  • Vegetarianism: Moral Obligation or Personal Preference?
  • Pacifism: Cowardice or Bravery in the Face of Conflict?
  • Cultural Relativism: Respect for Diversity or Excuse for Human Rights Violations?
  • Existentialism: Path to Authenticity or Descent into Nihilism?
  • Intellectual Property: Protection of Creativity or Hindrance to Progress?
  • Aesthetic Judgements: Subjective Preference or Objective Criteria?
  • Human Nature: Innately Good or Inherently Evil?
  • Moral Responsibility of Multinational Corporations in Developing Countries
  • Ethical Dimensions of Universal Basic Income
  • Privacy in Digital Age: Fundamental Right or Sacrifice for Security?

Philosophy Proposal Essay Topics

  • Exploration of Ethical Implications Surrounding Genetic Engineering
  • Unveiling Truth: An Investigation Into Epistemological Theories
  • Analyzing Moral Dilemmas: A Deep Dive Into Kantian Ethics
  • Perspectives on Existentialism: Influences and Repercussions
  • Rationality vs. Emotion: A Comparative Study in Decision-Making
  • Dialectics of Master and Slave: Hegelian Theory Revisited
  • Nature of Reality: Examination of Metaphysical Concepts
  • Aristotle’s Virtue Ethics: Relevance in Contemporary Society
  • Buddhist Philosophy and Its Impact on Modern Mindfulness Practices
  • Nietzsche’s “Übermensch”: Interpretation and Implications for Modern Man
  • Empathy’s Role in Ethical Decision-Making: A Philosophical Perspective
  • Aesthetic Judgement: Kant’s Analysis in the Modern Context
  • Phenomenology’s Evolution: Sartre and Husserl Comparative Analysis
  • Postmodern Deconstruction: Derrida’s Influence on Contemporary Thought
  • Quantum Mechanics and Philosophy: Revisiting Determinism and Indeterminism
  • Platonist Views on Love: An In-Depth Review
  • Mysticism and Rationalism: Contrasting Views on Human Experience
  • Panpsychism Reconsidered: Consciousness in the Universe
  • Multiverse Theory: Philosophical Discussions and Considerations
  • Nihilism in the 21st Century: An Evaluative Study

Philosophy Research Paper Topics

  • Ethical Conundrums of Genetic Engineering: A Philosophical Analysis
  • Unraveling Hegel’s Dialectics: The Synthesis of Thesis and Antithesis
  • Tracing the Origin and Development of Libertarianism
  • Environmental Ethics: Gaia Theory and Deep Ecology
  • The Trolley Problem: A Philosophical Conundrum
  • Examining “The Myth of Progress” From a Philosophical Lens
  • The Philosophical Basis of Humanism: Secular and Religious Perspectives
  • The Enigma of Time in Philosophy: Exploring Different Theories
  • The Moral Dimension of Veganism: A Philosophical Exploration
  • Materialism vs. Idealism: An Enduring Philosophical Debate
  • The Philosophy of Music: From Pythagoras to Nietzsche
  • Understanding the Philosophy of Education: Teaching and Learning Deconstructed
  • The Role of Doubt in Philosophy: A Discourse on Skepticism
  • Insights Into the Philosophy of Love: From Plato to Fromm
  • Unpacking the Concept of “Collective Consciousness” in Durkheim’s Works
  • Revisiting “The Allegory of the Sun” in Plato’s Republic
  • A Phenomenological Approach to Perception: Merleau-Ponty’s Perspective
  • Philosophical Implications of the Multiverse Theory: An Analysis
  • Exploring the Concept of Karma in Indian Philosophy
  • Philosophy of Space and Time: Unveiling the Mysteries

Comparative Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Exploring the Distinctions Between Eastern and Western Concepts of Justice
  • Contrasting Confucianism and Platonism: Ethics and Education
  • Buddhism vs. Stoicism: A Comparative Study of Approaches to Suffering
  • Existentialism in West versus Absurdism in East: Differing Views on Meaning of Life
  • A Comparative Analysis of Aristotle’s and Confucius’s Views on Friendship
  • The Role of Intuition in Eastern Mysticism and Western Rationalism
  • Daoism and Epicureanism: Different Paths to Tranquility
  • Relevance of Kant’s Categorical Imperative in the Context of Buddhist Ethics
  • The Influence of Taoist Philosophy on Western Environmental Ethics
  • A Comparative Study: Greek Hedonism and Indian Philosophy of Ananda
  • Comparative Evaluation of Duty in Kantian Ethics and Dharma in Hindu Philosophy
  • Parallel Themes in Zoroastrianism and Platonism: A Comparative Analysis
  • Comparative Examination of Eastern and Western Perspectives on Forgiveness
  • Kierkegaard’s Leap of Faith and Zen Buddhism’s Sudden Enlightenment: A Comparative Study
  • A Comparative Analysis of Schopenhauer’s Will and Buddhism’s Desire
  • Comparing Hindu Karma and Aristotelian Virtue Ethics: A Study of Moral Responsibility
  • Nietzsche’s Eternal Recurrence and the Buddhist Notion of Samsara: A Comparative Analysis
  • Analyzing the Differences in Hegelian and Taoist Dialectics
  • Examining Sufism and Christian Mysticism: Comparative Analysis of Divine Love
  • Understanding Free Will: A Comparative Study Between Sartre’s Existentialism and Islamic Determinism

Practical Philosophical Topics for Philosophy Essays

  • Altruism vs. Egoism: Which Guides Humanity?
  • Happiness Pursuit: The Role of Virtue Ethics
  • Consequentialism and Its Impact on Decision-Making Processes
  • Existentialism: Understanding Our Purpose and Meaning
  • Justice Examination: Balancing Equality and Fairness
  • Animal Rights: Ethical Obligations Towards Non-Human Creatures
  • Perception of Reality: An Analysis of Solipsism
  • Morality Origin: Divine Command Theory or Secular Humanism?
  • Feminist Philosophy: Promoting Gender Equality and Justice
  • Dilemmas in Bioethics: Dealing With Life and Death Decisions
  • Vegetarianism Advocacy: A Case of Moral Obligation
  • Capital Punishment: Weighing Retribution Against Rehabilitation
  • Personal Identity: Analyzing Persistence Over Time
  • War Ethics: Deciphering Justified Conflict
  • Environmental Ethics: Our Responsibility Toward Nature
  • Kant’s Imperative: Its Application in Modern Ethics
  • Stoicism Influence: Practical Philosophy for Modern Living
  • Political Philosophy: Understanding Social Contract Theory
  • Business Ethics: Corporate Responsibility and Stakeholder Theory
  • Utilitarianism: Critiquing Its Feasibility as a Moral Framework
  • Metaphysics of Mind: Analyzing Dualism vs. Physicalism

Philosophy Essay Questions

  • How Does Plato’s Theory of Forms Influence Modern Philosophy?
  • What Are the Ethical Dimensions of Nietzsche’s “Will to Power”?
  • In What Ways Does Kant’s Transcendental Idealism Contribute to Epistemology?
  • How Does Existentialism Manifest in Kierkegaard’s Philosophical Writings?
  • Which Holds Greater Influence: Empiricism or Rationalism?
  • What Role Does Phenomenology Play in Husserl’s Thought?
  • Can Derrida’s “Of Grammatology” Be Deconstructed?
  • How Can Philosophical Perspectives Shed Light on Artificial Intelligence Ethics?
  • What Are the Philosophical Implications of Quantum Physics?
  • How Does Epicurus’ Philosophy Contribute to the Art of Happiness?
  • How Does Camus’ Concept of the Absurd Explore the Search for Meaning?
  • How Does Hegel’s Dialectic Theory Influence His Phenomenology of Spirit?
  • What Are Feminist Perspectives Presented in Simone de Beauvoir’s “The Second Sex”?
  • How Does Postmodernism Reflect in Baudrillard’s “Simulacra”?
  • How Does Leibniz’s Monadology Shape the Metaphysics of His Time?
  • Does the Paradox of Free Will Undermine the Concept of Personal Autonomy?
  • How Does Popper’s Falsification Theory Reinforce the Philosophy of Science?
  • How Has Wittgenstein’s Linguistic Turn Shaped Analytic Philosophy?
  • What Insights Does Heraclitus Provide on the Philosophy of Constant Change?
  • How Does Sartre’s Phenomenological Ontology Emerge in Being and Nothingness?
  • How Does Singer’s Utilitarian Ethics Shape the Argument for Animal Rights?

Aesthetics Philosophy Topics

  • Significance of Form in Aesthetic Appreciation
  • Relationship Between Aesthetics and Emotion
  • Impacts of Culture on Judgments of Beauty
  • Evolution of Aesthetic Taste Throughout History
  • Aesthetic Philosophy and the Nature of Creativity
  • Concept of the Sublime in Aesthetic Experience
  • Philosophy of Aesthetics and the Perception of Art
  • Roles of Imagination in Aesthetic Appreciation
  • Aesthetic Judgment and Criteria for Beauty
  • Philosophy of Aesthetic Experience and the Mind-Body Problem
  • Aesthetics and the Interpretation of Art
  • Connections Between Aesthetics and Ethical Values
  • Aesthetic Education and Development of Artistic Taste
  • Influence of Technology on Aesthetic Perception
  • Authenticity in Art and the Philosophy of Aesthetics
  • Aesthetics and the Concept of Artistic Intention
  • Temporal Perception in Aesthetic Experience
  • Philosophy of Art Restoration and Aesthetic Preservation
  • Aesthetic Appreciation of Nature and the Environment
  • Aesthetics and the Ethics of Environmental Responsibility
  • Philosophy of Architecture and Aesthetic Design
  • Aesthetic Pleasure and the Concept of Catharsis

Analytic Philosophy Essay Topics

  • The Epistemological Significance of Conceptual Analysis
  • Language’s Roles in Analytic Philosophy
  • Exploring the Ontological Status of Abstract Objects
  • Ethical Considerations in Language and Communication
  • The Problematic Nature of Induction in Scientific Reasoning
  • Mental States: Identity or Functionalism?
  • Unveiling the Metaphysics of Causation and Determinism
  • The Logical Structure Underlying Scientific Explanation
  • Perception and Sense Data: Epistemological Insights
  • Philosophical Perspectives on Mathematics: Platonism vs. Nominalism
  • Exploring Consciousness: Physicalism or Dualism?
  • The Epistemology of Testimony and Trustworthiness
  • Philosophy of Time: Presentism or Eternalism?
  • Understanding the Nature of Natural Laws
  • Ethical Dimensions of Human Enhancement Technologies
  • The Problem of Personal Identity and Continuity
  • The Epistemology of Scientific Realism and Anti-Realism
  • Philosophy of Language: Referentialism or Pragmatism?
  • Analyzing the Concept of Analyticity in Language Philosophy
  • Ethics of Animal Rights and Welfare

Ancient Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Stoicism and the Pursuit of Apatheia: Examining Emotional Detachment
  • Epicurus’ Hedonistic Philosophy and Its Critique of Pleasure
  • The Significance of Reason in Seneca the Younger’s Philosophy
  • Divine Providence in Stoic Metaphysics: Unraveling Its Meaning
  • Pythagorean Ethics: The Interplay of Virtue and Mathematics
  • Heraclitus’ Doctrine of Flux: A Paradigm Shift in Ancient Thought
  • Pythagorean Philosophy: Exploring the Harmony of Body and Soul
  • Aristotle’s Ethics: The Concept of Telos and Human Flourishing
  • Parmenides’ Metaphysics and Its Influence on Pre-Socratic Philosophy
  • Epictetus on the Integration of Reason and Passion in Moral Development
  • Zeno’s Paradoxes: The Philosophy of Paradox in Ancient Greece
  • Neoplatonism and the Anima Mundi: Unveiling the Cosmic Soul
  • The Aesthetic Dimension in Ancient Greek Philosophical Thought
  • Ethics and Politics: The Interconnectedness in Aristotle’s Philosophy
  • The Influence of Sophists on Rhetoric and Philosophical Discourse
  • The Logos: Stoic and Heraclitean Perspectives on Rationality
  • Divine Retribution in Ancient Roman Philosophical Thought
  • Skepticism and the Quest for Knowledge: An Ancient Philosophical Inquiry
  • Marcus Aurelius: Reason and Virtue in Stoic Philosophy
  • Stoicism and Epicureanism: Exploring the Concepts of Fate and Destiny
  • The Interplay of Ethics and Metaphysics in Plato’s Philosophy
  • Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave”: Political Philosophy and the Quest for Truth

Continental Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Metaphysical Foundations of Existentialism
  • Phenomenological Analysis of Perception and Reality
  • Language and Interpretation in Hermeneutics
  • Hegelian Dialectics: Freedom Unveiled
  • Merleau-Ponty’s Embodied Phenomenology: Corporeality, Perception, and the World
  • Ethics of Care: Feminist Perspective in Continental Philosophy
  • Power’s Ontology: Foucault’s Discourse Analysis
  • Deconstruction: Critiquing Binary Oppositions
  • Emmanuel Levinas: Exploring the Notion of “Otherness”
  • Hannah Arendt: Political Philosophy and the Power of Action
  • Spirit’s Absolute Nature: Hegelian Philosophy
  • Sartre’s Existentialism: Crisis of Meaning
  • Heidegger’s Analysis of Being-in-the-World: Authentic Existence
  • History’s Roles in Walter Benjamin’s Philosophy
  • Bergson’s Philosophy of Duration: Time Unveiled
  • Ethics of Alterity: Julia Kristeva’s Perspective
  • Phenomenology of Love: Jean-Luc Marion’s Insights
  • Alienation: Marx and Adorno’s Conceptual Framework
  • Desire’s Philosophy: Gilles Deleuze’s Perspective
  • Sublime Aesthetics: Immanuel Kant’s Notions
  • Poststructuralist Critique: Challenging Essentialism and Identity

Eastern Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Analyzing the Four Noble Truths in Buddhism
  • Non-Attachment in Advaita Vedanta: A Transcendent Concept
  • The Significance of Mindfulness in Eastern Philosophies
  • Eco-Philosophy: Embracing the Way of Nature
  • Karma Yoga: Selflessness in Hinduism
  • Leadership and Daoism: The Way to Govern
  • Exploring the Three Jewels of Buddhism
  • The Paradox of Wu: Unveiling Daoist Mysteries
  • Impermanence: A Key Tenet in Buddhist Philosophy
  • Neo-Confucianism’s Influence on East Asian Societies
  • The Bhagavad Gita: Self-Realization through Yoga
  • Daoist Alchemy: Inner Transformation and Eternal Life
  • Shintoism: Rituals and Their Significance
  • Zen Koans: Illuminating Enigmatic Teachings
  • Qi: Vital Energy in Traditional Chinese Medicine and Philosophy
  • Laozi’s Teachings: Insights From “The Dao De Jing”
  • Asceticism: Renunciation in Indian Philosophy
  • Yogic Perspectives: Mind, Consciousness, and Beyond
  • Tea Ceremony: Harmony and Zen Aesthetics
  • Confucianism’s Ethical Teachings in Modern Society

Enlightenment Philosophy Essay Topics

  • The Influence of Descartes’ Dualism on Enlightenment Thought
  • Voltaire’s Critique of Religious Dogma and Superstition
  • Kant’s Concept of Reason and Its Role in Enlightenment Thinking
  • Empiricism in Hume’s Philosophy and Its Impact on Enlightenment
  • Locke’s Theory of Natural Rights and Its Influence on Enlightenment Politics
  • Rousseau’s Social Contract and the Idea of Popular Sovereignty
  • The Enlightenment’s Impact on the American Revolution
  • Montesquieu’s Theory of Separation of Powers and Its Influence on Modern Governments
  • The Feminist Critique of Enlightenment Philosophy
  • Diderot’s “Encyclopédie” and the Dissemination of Enlightenment Ideas
  • Enlightenment’s Influence on the French Revolution
  • Spinoza’s Pantheism and Its Relation to Enlightenment Metaphysics
  • Skepticism’s Roles in Enlightenment Philosophy
  • The Ethical Implications of Enlightenment Rationalism
  • Enlightenment’s Impacts on Education and the Spread of Knowledge
  • Critique of Colonialism in Enlightenment Philosophy
  • Aesthetics in Enlightenment Thought and Its Significance
  • Leibniz’s Monadology and Its Relation to Enlightenment Metaphysics
  • Newtonian Physics’ Influence on Enlightenment Philosophy
  • Freedom of Speech in Enlightenment Thinking and Its Importance
  • The Concept of Happiness in Enlightenment Ethics

Epistemology Philosophy Topics

  • The Nature of Knowledge: Exploring Epistemological Foundations
  • Rationality and Reasoning: Investigating Logic in Knowledge Attainment
  • Inductive Dilemma: Assessing Generalization Validity
  • Skepticism and Certainty: Unveiling Limits to Human Understanding
  • Empiricism vs. Rationalism: Contrasting Approaches to Epistemology
  • Epistemic Relativism: Evaluating Subjectivity in Knowledge
  • Warranted Belief: Examining Criteria for Epistemic Justification
  • Intellectual Virtues: Identifying Knowledgeable Traits
  • Foundationalism vs. Coherentism: Analyzing Knowledge Justification Theories
  • Gettier’s Challenge: Critiquing Traditional Knowledge Definition
  • Epistemic Authority: Investigating the Role of Experts
  • Ethical Dimensions of Knowledge: Exploring Epistemic Responsibility
  • Social Epistemology: Understanding Social Factors in Knowledge Acquisition
  • Epistemic Norms: Evaluating Standards for Knowledge
  • Testimony and Trustworthiness: Assessing Reliability in Second-Hand Knowledge
  • Internalism and Externalism: Contrasting Perspectives on Justification
  • Reliabilism: Analyzing Cognitive Processes in Knowledge Formation
  • A Priori vs. A Posteriori Knowledge: Distinguishing Analytic and Synthetic Truths
  • Epistemic Closure Principle: Assessing Knowledge Inference
  • Pragmatic Epistemology: Considering Practical Consequences of Beliefs

Existentialism Philosophy Topics

  • Existentialist Perspectives on Life’s Purpose
  • Freedom and Authenticity in Existentialist Thought
  • The Absurdity of Human Existence: An Existential Inquiry
  • Existential Anxiety and Dread: Navigating the Uncertainty
  • The Existential Crisis: Questioning the Fundamentals of Existence
  • Reflecting on the Nature of Being in Existentialist Philosophy
  • God and Existentialism: Exploring the Existential Dimension
  • Mortality and Existentialism: Reflections on Life and Death
  • Individualism and Authenticity in Existentialist Ideology
  • Ethical Dilemmas and Freedom of Choice in Existentialism
  • Human Condition: An Existentialist Perspective
  • The Existential Hero: Embracing Freedom and Responsibility
  • Existential Angst: Navigating the Depths of Existence
  • The Search for Meaning: Existentialism and the Void
  • The Quest for Authenticity in an Existentialist Framework
  • Phenomenology of Existence: Exploring the Essence of Being
  • Embracing Uncertainty: Existentialism and the Unknown
  • Personal Fulfillment: Existentialist Insights and Perspectives
  • The Paradox of Freedom: Choices and Limitations in Existentialism
  • Existential Responsibility: The Weight of Our Choices
  • Rejecting Objective Morality: Existentialist Perspectives

Feminist Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Intersectional Feminism: Exploring the Interconnected Struggles of Gender, Race, and Class
  • Agency and Autonomy: Reconceptualizing Women’s Empowerment in Feminist Thought
  • Ethics of Care: Rethinking Relationships and Responsibilities in Feminist Philosophy
  • Embodiment and Subjectivity: The Role of the Female Body in Feminist Philosophy
  • Epistemology of Gender: Challenging Male-Centered Knowledge Systems
  • Gender and Power: Analyzing Patriarchy’s Impact on Women’s Lives
  • Feminist Perspectives on Sexuality and Desire: Embracing Pleasure and Liberation
  • Reproductive Justice: Examining Women’s Rights Over Their Bodies and Reproduction
  • Environmental Feminism: Valuing Women’s Contributions to Sustainability
  • Language and Gender: Deconstructing Gendered Discourse and Linguistic Norms
  • Capitalism and Feminism: Unveiling Gendered Exploitation and Economic Inequalities
  • Sexual Violence and Consent: Reshaping Consent Culture in Feminist Philosophy
  • Feminist Ethics in Healthcare: Redefining Medical Decision-Making
  • Feminist Philosophy of Science: Challenging Biases in Scientific Research
  • Gender Identity and Transgender Rights: Recognizing Diverse Experiences
  • Feminist Perspectives on Marriage and Family: Reimagining Relationships and Roles
  • Feminist Pedagogy: Transforming Education to Empower Women
  • Body Politics: Exploring Appearance and Beauty Standards in Feminist Philosophy
  • Feminist Perspectives on Globalization: Analyzing Neoliberal Policies’ Impact on Women
  • Feminist Approaches to Political Theory: Reconceptualizing Power and Democracy

Metaphysics Philosophy Topics

  • The Essence of Reality: Unveiling the Fundamentals of Existence
  • Consciousness and Its Role in Metaphysics: Exploring the Mystery
  • Causality and Determinism: Investigating the Link Between Cause and Effect
  • Metaphysical Dualism: Examining the Mind-Body Connection
  • Free Will and Determinism: Reconciling Human Choice With Universal Laws
  • Ontological Arguments for the Existence of God: Unraveling Deity’s Nature
  • The Problem of Evil: Addressing Suffering in a Perfect World
  • Time and Temporality: Delving Into the Nature of Chronology
  • Personal Identity and the Self: Defining Being’s Essence
  • Metaphysics of Space: Exploring Universe’s Dimensions and Boundaries
  • The Nature of Knowledge: Epistemological Considerations in Metaphysics
  • Essentialism and Nominalism: Debating Universals’ Nature
  • Teleological Arguments for God’s Existence: Examining Design in the Universe
  • Metaphysics of Morality: Investigating Ethical Principles’ Foundation
  • Substance and Attribute: Understanding Objects’ Fundamental Properties
  • Identity and Individuation: Exploring Criteria for Personal Distinction
  • Metaphysics of Language: Analyzing Words’ Relationship With Reality
  • Idealism and Realism: Examining Diverse Views on the World’s Nature
  • Metaphysical Paradoxes: Investigating Logical Inconsistencies in Reality
  • The Problem of Induction: Evaluating Generalized Knowledge’s Validity
  • Theories of Universals: Debating Abstract Concepts’ Existence

Modern Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Ethical Implications of Technological Advancements
  • Epistemological Challenges in the Digital Era
  • Consciousness and Selfhood in Contemporary Metaphysics
  • Impacts of Postmodernism on Art and Aesthetics
  • Existentialist Perspectives on Freedom and Responsibility
  • Power Dynamics and Oppression in Critical Theory
  • Feminist Philosophy: Embodiment and Phenomenology
  • Ethics in the Era of Artificial Intelligence
  • Consumer Culture: The Paradox of Choice
  • The Intersection of Philosophy and Science in the Mind
  • Language, Communication, and Analytic Philosophy
  • Environmental Ethics in the Anthropocene Era
  • Exploring Evil: Contemporary Philosophy of Religion
  • Temporal Concepts in Contemporary Metaphysics
  • Cultural Diversity and Moral Relativism
  • Animal Rights: Ethics and Contemporary Philosophy
  • Transhumanism: Technology and Human Flourishing
  • Quantum Philosophy: Understanding Reality
  • Social Contract Theory and Political Legitimacy
  • Philosophy of Education in a Globalized Context

Phenomenology Philosophy Topics

  • Human Consciousness and the Lived Experience
  • Intentionality in Phenomenological Analysis
  • Embodiment and the Phenomenology of Perception
  • Temporality and the Experience of Time in Phenomenology
  • Social Interactions and Intersubjectivity in the Phenomenological Context
  • Phenomenology of the Other: Encounter With Alterity
  • Emotions and Their Role in Phenomenological Investigation
  • Authenticity: Exploring the Phenomenology of Being
  • Place and Space: Phenomenological Perspectives
  • Selfhood and the Phenomenology of Identity
  • Existential Inquiry: Unveiling Meaning Through Phenomenology
  • Embodied Mind: Phenomenological Reflections on the Body-Mind Relationship
  • Art and Aesthetics: Phenomenological Engagement
  • Temporality: The Structuring Principle of Consciousness in Phenomenology
  • Language and Its Significance in Phenomenological Discourse
  • Ethics of Care: Phenomenological Considerations
  • Objectivity and Intentionality in Phenomenology
  • Perception and Its Role in Phenomenological Inquiry
  • Technology and Its Impact on Phenomenological Reflection
  • Lifeworld: Foundation of Phenomenology

Philosophy Ethics Topics

  • Freedom, Responsibility, and Existential Ethical Inquiry
  • Ethical Dilemmas in Medical Decision-Making
  • Feminist Ethics: Gender, Equality, and Justice
  • Moral Relativism and Cultural Diversity
  • Capital Punishment: An Ethical Assessment
  • Ethical Considerations in Artificial Reproduction
  • Implications of Human Cloning: An Ethical Examination
  • Ethics of War and Justifications for Violence
  • Ethical Issues in Biomedical Research
  • Ethical Dimensions of Privacy and Surveillance
  • Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide: Ethical Perspectives
  • Moral Realism vs. Subjectivism: A Philosophical Debate
  • Ethical Challenges in Globalization and Trade
  • Corporate Ethics: Responsibilities and Accountability
  • Resource Allocation in Healthcare: Ethical Considerations
  • Ethical Questions in Genetic Privacy and DNA Analysis
  • Obligations Toward Future Generations: An Ethical Inquiry
  • Artificial Intelligence in Warfare: Ethical Implications
  • Criminal Justice Ethics: Balancing Punishment and Rehabilitation
  • Ethical Considerations in Organ Transplantation
  • Human Enhancement and Transhumanism: Ethical Perspectives

Philosophy of Education Essay Topics

  • The Role of Ethics in Educational Practices: Cultivating Moral Responsibility
  • Examining the Influence of Technology on Teaching and Learning: Enhancing Educational Approaches
  • Philosophy of Inclusion: Embracing Diversity Within Educational Settings
  • Constructivism and Its Impact on Education: Fostering Active Knowledge Construction
  • The Importance of Critical Thinking in Educational Environments: Nurturing Analytical Minds
  • Play-Based Learning in Early Childhood Education: Promoting Holistic Development
  • Examining the Purpose of Education: Cultivating Lifelong Learners
  • Ethics of Standardized Assessment: Balancing Accountability and Student Well-Being
  • Existentialism in Education: Nurturing Authenticity and Personal Freedom
  • The Significance of Emotional Intelligence in Educational Contexts: Fostering Social and Emotional Learning
  • Promoting Creativity in Education: Unlocking the Potential of Imagination
  • Exploring Cultural Education: Celebrating Diversity and Promoting Intercultural Understanding
  • Examining Progressivism in Education: A Student-Centered Approach
  • The Importance of Education for Sustainable Development: Fostering Environmental Responsibility
  • Addressing Gender Equity in Education: Promoting Equality and Inclusivity
  • Perennialism in Education: Cultivating Enduring Knowledge and Universal Truths
  • Ethical Considerations in Classroom Management: Balancing Discipline and Empathy
  • Philosophy’s Roles in Teacher Education: Shaping Educators’ Perspectives and Practices
  • The Influence of Socioeconomic Factors on Education: Addressing Educational Disparities
  • Philosophy of Epistemology in Education: Examining the Nature of Knowledge Acquisition

Philosophy of Language Topics

  • Linguistic Constructs: Exploring the Role of Language in Shaping Reality
  • Verbal Determinism: Examining the Influence of Language on Thought
  • Expressive Boundaries: Unraveling the Ineffability of Linguistic Expression
  • Intentional Communication: Understanding Meaning in Verbal Acts
  • Referential Dynamics: Investigating the Relationship Between Words and the World
  • Social Significance: Analyzing Power Dynamics in Linguistic Interactions
  • Semantics and Truth: Exploring the Correspondence Between Language and Reality
  • Contextual Meaning: Examining Pragmatics in Language Usage
  • Language Acquisition: Unveiling the Process of Learning and Acquiring Verbal Skills
  • The Challenge of Indeterminacy: Exploring Ambiguity and Vagueness in Language
  • Figurative Language: Analyzing Metaphors and Metonymy in Linguistic Representation
  • Linguistic Influence on Identity: Investigating Language’s Impact on Personal and Cultural Identities
  • The Nature of Naming: Understanding the Significance of Lexical Representation
  • Theories of Referentiality: Comparing Descriptive, Causal, and Direct Reference
  • Linguistic Relativity Debate: Examining the Influence of Language on Thought and Perception
  • Evolutionary Aspects of Language: Tracing the Origins and Development of Human Communication
  • Meaning in Interpretation: Exploring Context, Intention, and Understanding
  • Language and Power Structures: Investigating the Relationship between Linguistics and Social Hierarchies
  • Translation Challenges: Unraveling the Philosophical Implications of Language Transfer
  • Cognitive Representations: Examining the Connection Between Language and Thought
  • Logical Structures: Analyzing the Formalism of Language and Reasoning
  • Language and Technological Influence: Exploring the Impact of Digital Communication on Linguistic Practices

Philosophy of Law Essay Topics

  • Ethical Dilemmas in Legal Punishment
  • Reasoning and Decision-Making in Legal Systems
  • Metaphysics of Rights and Legal Personhood
  • Intersection of Morality and Legal Enforcement
  • Epistemological Foundations of Legal Systems
  • Ontological Status of Legal Norms and Obligations
  • Concept of Justice in Legal Theory
  • Hermeneutics of Legal Texts and Interpretation
  • Relationship Between Law and Social Change
  • Teleology of Legal Institutions and Systems
  • Deontological Perspective on Legal Ethics
  • Aesthetics of Law and Legal Systems
  • Pragmatism in Legal Positivism
  • Roles of Equality in Legal Rights and Obligations
  • Existential Dimensions of Legal Responsibility
  • Dialectics of Individual Liberty and Legal Constraints
  • Precedents and Case Law: Hermeneutics and Interpretation
  • Phenomenology of Legal Authority and Obedience
  • Ethics of Civil Disobedience and Legal Reform
  • Epistemological Challenges of Legal Realism

Philosophy of Mind Topics

  • The Conceptualization of Consciousness: Exploring Self-Awareness Phenomena
  • Dualism and Materialism: Examining Mind-Body Relationship Nature
  • Embodied Cognition: Understanding Role of Body in Cognitive Processes
  • Free Will and Determinism: Investigating Boundaries of Human Agency
  • The Problem of Other Minds: Unveiling Understanding of Mental States in Others
  • Intentionality and Mental Representation: Unraveling Nature of Cognitive Content
  • Personal Identity: Analyzing Self-Continuity Over Time
  • The Nature of Qualia: Discussing Subjective Experience of Sensations
  • Artificial Intelligence and Consciousness: Exploring Potential Machine Sentience
  • Epistemological Challenges of Perception: Examining Reliability of Senses
  • Mental Causation: Investigating the Relationship Between Mental Events and Physical Events
  • Panpsychism: Contemplating Mind Presence in All Things
  • Reductionism and Emergence: Analyzing Explanation Levels in Mind-Body Problem
  • Consciousness and Brain Activity: Linking Neural Processes to Subjective Experience
  • Philosophy of Memory: Understanding the Nature of Remembering
  • The Problem of Induction: Examining Justification for Generalizing From Experience
  • The Nature of Belief: Investigating Epistemology of Mental States
  • Philosophy of Emotion: Exploring Subjective Experience of Feelings
  • Philosophy of Language: Analyzing the Relationship Between Language and Thought
  • Introspection and Self-Knowledge: Reflecting on Inner Experience Nature
  • Mental Imagery and Perception: Examining Role of Mental Images in Cognition

Philosophy of Religion Essay Topics

  • The Existence of God: A Critical Examination
  • The Problem of Evil: Reconciling Divine Omnipotence and the Presence of Suffering
  • Religious Pluralism: Is There One Ultimate Faith?
  • The Teleological Argument: Investigating Design and Purpose in the Cosmos
  • The Cosmological Argument: Exploring the Origin of the Universe
  • The Ontological Argument: Examining the Concept of a Necessary Existence
  • Faith and Reason: Coexistence or Conflict?
  • Mystical Encounters: Understanding the Significance of Spiritual Experiences
  • The Euthyphro Dilemma: Does Morality Depend on Divine Commands?
  • Divine Hiddenness: Why Does God Not Reveal Himself Universally?
  • Supernatural Interventions: Exploring Miraculous Events
  • Divine Foreknowledge and Human Free Will: A Philosophical Inquiry
  • Religious Language: Expressing the Ineffable?
  • Soul and Personal Identity: Investigating Immortality and the Self
  • Theodicy: Justifying God’s Actions in the Face of Evil
  • Religion and Science: Navigating the Relationship Between Two Ways of Knowing
  • Pascal’s Wager: Rationality in Belief
  • Ineffability: The Challenge of Describing the Divine
  • Afterlife Beliefs: Exploring Concepts of Existence Beyond Death
  • Divine Sovereignty and Human Freedom: A Paradoxical Connection

Philosophy of Science Essay Topics

  • The Epistemological Significance of Experimentation in Scientific Inquiry
  • The Role of Induction in Scientific Theory Formation
  • Metaphysical Implications of Quantum Mechanics
  • Ethical Considerations in Scientific Research
  • The Nature of Causality in Scientific Explanations
  • Time’s Concept in Philosophy of Science
  • Observation-Theory Relationship in Scientific Practice
  • Social Dimensions of Scientific Knowledge Production
  • Underdetermination Problem in Scientific Theories
  • Mathematics’ Roles in Scientific Understanding
  • Exploring Life and Its Fundamental Principles in Philosophy of Biology
  • Objectivity’s Concept in Scientific Inquiry
  • Falsification Methodology in Science
  • Models and Simulations in Scientific Explanation
  • Space’s Philosophy: Examining the Nature of Physical Reality
  • Epistemological Status of Scientific Laws
  • Explanation’s Concept in Science
  • Ethics of Animal Experimentation in Science
  • Philosophy of Neuroscience: Understanding Mind and Brain
  • Rationality in Scientific Reasoning
  • Emergence Concept in Complex Systems Science

Plato Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Metaphysical Concepts in Plato’s Philosophy
  • Forms and Their Role in Plato’s Theory of Ideas
  • Epistemological Foundations: Understanding Plato’s Philosophy
  • Ethical Implications: Exploring Plato’s Allegory of the Cave
  • Political Idealism: Plato’s Vision in the Republic
  • Recollection and Knowledge: Unraveling Plato’s Theory
  • The Philosopher-King Concept: Plato’s Ideal Ruler
  • Reason and Knowledge: Key Elements in Plato’s Philosophy
  • Dialectic Method: Examining Plato’s Dialogues
  • Education in Plato’s Philosophy: Unlocking the Mind
  • Justice: Plato’s Concept in the Republic
  • The Dualistic Nature of the Soul: Plato’s Unique Perspective
  • Love’s Philosophy: Analyzing Plato’s Symposium
  • Immortality of the Soul: Plato’s View in the Phaedrus
  • Beauty’s Essence: Plato’s Philosophical Reflection
  • Poetry’s Significance: Exploring Plato’s Republic
  • Critique of Democracy: Plato’s Examination of Governance
  • Body and Soul Relationship: Plato’s Intriguing Connection
  • Mathematics: Plato’s Philosophical Exploration
  • Virtue’s Essence: Unpacking Plato’s Ethics

Political Philosophy Essay Topics

  • The Role of Democracy in Modern Governance
  • Ethical Implications of Political Authority
  • Justice and Equality in Political Systems
  • Examining the Nature of Political Obligation
  • Conceptualizing Freedom in Political Philosophy
  • Ethics Surrounding Political Violence
  • The Interplay of Ethics and Politics
  • State’s Responsibility in Safeguarding Individual Rights
  • Justifying Political Authority Legitimacy
  • Ethical Challenges in Political Campaigning
  • Civil Disobedience as a Democratic Instrument
  • Consent as the Basis of Political Legitimacy
  • Ethics of Promoting Political Correctness
  • Political Philosophy’s Roles in Policy Formation
  • Balancing State Intervention in Economic Affairs
  • Significance of Political Ideologies in Contemporary Politics
  • Moral Foundations of Social Welfare Programs
  • Moral Dilemma of Political Power
  • Ethics in Global Political Governance
  • Educational Influence on Political Philosophy
  • Linking Political Stability to Economic Development

Postmodern Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Deconstruction and Its Impact on Language
  • The Influence of Postmodernism on Contemporary Art
  • Identity Construction in the Postmodern Era
  • Epistemological Challenges in Postmodern Philosophy
  • Postmodern Ethics and the Question of Moral Relativism
  • The Role of Power in Postmodern Political Thought
  • Postmodernism and the Crisis of Metanarratives
  • Language Games and Meaning in Postmodern Philosophy
  • The Rejection of Objectivity in Postmodern Thought
  • The Relationship Between Postmodernism and Postcolonial Theory
  • Aesthetics in the Postmodern Era: The Collapse of Beauty Standards
  • The Fragmentation of Self in Postmodern Philosophy
  • Deconstructing Gender: Postmodern Feminist Perspectives
  • Consumer Culture Critique in Postmodern Philosophy
  • Enlightenment Dialectics: Postmodern Interpretations
  • Challenging Traditional Design Principles: Postmodern Architecture
  • Rethinking Authorship in Postmodernism
  • The Critique of Modern Science in Postmodern Philosophy
  • Postmodernism and Literary Theory: Influence and Implications
  • The Crisis of Representation in Postmodern Visual Arts

Transcendentalism Essay Topics in Philosophy

  • The Influence of Nature in Transcendentalist Philosophy
  • Self-Reliance: A Core Tenet of Transcendentalism
  • Intuition’s Roles in Transcendentalist Thought
  • Transcendentalist Perspectives on Divinity
  • Individualism vs. Society in Transcendentalism
  • Transcendentalism’s Quest for Truth
  • Imagination’s Significance in Transcendentalist Philosophy
  • Nonconformity as an Ethical Principle in Transcendentalism
  • Transcendentalism’s Oversoul Concept
  • Transcendentalism’s Impacts on American Literature
  • Mind-Body Connection in Transcendentalist Philosophy
  • Transcendentalism’s Environmental Ethics
  • Seeking Spiritual Enlightenment in Transcendentalism
  • The Self in Transcendentalist Thought
  • Transcendentalism’s Influence on Civil Disobedience
  • Transcendentalism’s Embrace of Immediacy
  • Transcendentalism’s Critique of Materialism and Consumerism
  • Universal Truths in Transcendentalism
  • Art and Spirituality in Transcendentalist Philosophy
  • Transcendentalism’s Rejection of Traditional Institutions
  • Nonviolence as an Ideal in Transcendentalism

Worldview Philosophy Topics

  • Metaphysics of Reality: Exploring the Nature of Existence
  • Ethical Dilemmas in a Globalized Society
  • Technological Advancements: Ethical Implications and Considerations
  • Aesthetics: The Philosophy of Art Appreciation
  • Epistemology: Foundations of Scientific Inquiry
  • Mind-Body Dualism: Understanding the Relationship
  • Reason’s Roles in Ethical Decision-Making
  • Identity Construction: Gender, Race, and Social Constructs
  • Searching for Meaning in an Absurd Universe
  • Free Will’s Significance in Human Action
  • Environmental Ethics: Conservation and Sustainability
  • Ontological Arguments for God’s Existence
  • Philosophy of Language: Meaning and Communication
  • Political Authority: Justification and Statehood
  • The Problem of Evil: Philosophical Reflections
  • Epistemology of Perception: The Limits of Knowledge
  • Biomedical Research Ethics: Human Experimentation
  • Philosophy of History: Understanding the Past’s Significance
  • Temporal Metaphysics: Exploring the Nature of Time
  • Authenticity and Personal Freedom: An Existentialist Perspective

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Philosophy Essay Topics – A Definitive Guide

Published by Ellie Cross at November 3rd, 2021 , Revised On July 10, 2023

Philosophy studies critical issues concerning language, moral values, ethics, reason, mind, knowledge, existence, barriers, and controversies.

In a nutshell, philosophy answers the fundamental questions of reality, just like religion, science, myth, and mysticism. It is one of the most widely accepted systematic approaches for developing rational arguments and involves logical reasoning and a clear explanation of words and their meanings.

Are you studying for a philosophy degree? Need an intriguing philosophy topic for your essay ? This article lists hundreds of free topics in several areas of philosophy so you can choose one that matches your interests.

Political Philosophy Essay Topics

Even if you have never studied political philosophy at a college or university, the chances are that you have spent time pondering over questions of political philosophy. Here are some exciting and daunting political philosophy questions that you can select for your essay.

  • Can genes affect someone’s political associations? If yes, what would be the implications? If no, then why not?
  • Investigate the development of the notion of government by a social contract in the writings of Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau. What did Locke find wrong in Hobbes’ account, Rousseau find objectionable in Locke’s theory, and what problems remain in Rousseau’s social contract? Does the notion of government even make sense? If so, how the best social contract can be achieved?
  • Can the wars even be classified as just or unjust? Or is it just the case that wars can only be won or lost? What are the principles that would justify a war? To what extent can Kant’s idea of the world’s nations living together in peace and harmony be realised today?
  • Many philosophers, including Plato, have identified problems with the traditional democratic system. What are the problems facing modern democracy, and how can the issues be overcome?
  • Are there two types of liberty – positive and negative, as explained by Isaiah Berlin? Should there be limits on individual liberty to uphold government authority? Do you agree with John Stuart Mill’s “Liberty Principle”?
  • Investigate the concept of economic justice. How the goods in a just society are distributed, and what is the government’s role in distributing goods? Shouldn’t there be limits to the inequalities between the wealthy and poor classes in a just society? Should individuals be allowed to own private property at all?
  • It’s not my fault – Global warming and individual moral obligations. An investigation into the problems posed by climate change that policymakers, politicians, and citizens should be ready to tackle? Do we have a moral obligation to future generations? When it appears that your actions may not be of any significance in the grading scheme of things, should you even care about your obligation to cut back on your carbon footprint?
  • Strangers in our midst –Should we be sceptical about open borders and relaxed immigration restrictions?
  • The concept of “effective altruism” prompts us to send donations to the places where the people will benefit the most? Investigate the idea of “giving” from the philosophical perspective, focusing on the advantages and disadvantages of “effective altruism.”
  • Examine the social contract theory to establish the nature of justice and state.
  • What can the government force you to do for your benefit? The topic of paternalism is of great theoretical and practical importance in the field of philosophy. For example, the United Kingdom bans many drugs such as cocaine, levy heavy fines and punishments on those who are caught using banned substances, impose taxes on harmful products such as cigarettes, and strictly control the professions of gambling and prostitution. But should they do it?
  • Explore the concept of managerialism as an ideology?
  • Discuss the influence of Machiavelli on the political philosophy of Locke.

Western Philosophy Topics

Western philosophy refers to the philosophical views and ideas that originated from the Western or Occidental world, including but not limited to ancient Greece and the Roman Empire. Here are some Western philosophy topics for you to consider for your essay.

  • An overview of the history of Western philosophy of religion
  • Understanding the key themes put forth by the ancient Greek philosophers
  • Review the history of Western philosophy from its development among the ancient Greeks to the present, the relationship between the various historical and cultural movements and the emerging philosophical ideas, and the changing conception of the function, definition, and task of philosophy.
  • “What need is there to weep over part of life? The whole of it calls for tears” – Explore the remark used by the Roman philosopher Seneca that laid the foundation to Stoicism that dominated the Western school of philosophy for almost two centuries.
  • Investigate the idea of Peccatum Originale: Original Sin put forward by the leading philosopher of the collapsing Roman Empire, St. Augustine.
  • In the 17th century, French philosopher Pascal claimed that “all our unhappiness comes from our inability to sit alone in our room.” Pascal encouraged his audience to be their friends to themselves. Discuss Pascal’s idea, its merits, and its demerits.
  • Baruch Spinoza, a 17 th -century Dutch philosopher, argued that philosophy teaches us to look at things, especially our limitations and sufferings, under the aspect of eternity. Explore the notion of eternal totality.
  • Analyse the rise of language, truth, and logic from a philosophical standpoint.
  • Discuss the three big ideas presented by Aristotle that shaped Western Civilisation thereafter.
  • Discuss the three big ideas presented by Confucius that shaped Western Civilisation thereafter.
  • Discuss the three big ideas presented by Aquinas that shaped Western Civilisation thereafter.

Stoicism Philosophy Topics

Founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the third century BC, Stoicism remained a famous school of philosophy for many centuries. The Stoicism philosophy revolves around four virtues: moderations, courage, justice, and wisdom.

  • Modern Stoicism has been developed through collaboration between psychotherapists and academics. Some topics on Stoicism philosophy are given below.
  • Critically evaluate the key concept of Stoicism that “the key to a happy and pleasant life is the cultivation of an excellent mental state that incorporates wisdom and virtue.”
  • Stoicism prompts people to control how they think? Is it possible to control our thoughts and emotions? Refer to the works of Epicurus, who argued that we control very little.
  • Stoicism philosophy argues that thinking patterns can solve our problems and challenges. But how can positive thinking put food on poor people’s tables? How can a man with no food to eat think positively?
  • Explore the different practical exercises designed by Stoics to help people train their minds? How practical are those exercises?
  • Can we accept everything that happens? Is it possible to train our minds to remember our relative unimportance when compared to the vastness of the universe?

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Breaking Barriers in Philosophy Topics

Breaking barriers to social norms and roles is an interesting idea. Let your imagination run wild with these ideas of philosophy.

  • What would it be like if you could start a country from scratch?
  • The study will compare the government running on statistics, artificial intelligence, and computer algorithm with the government that we have now. Which one will be better?
  • If you were allowed to introduce reforms to the process of selecting your country’s leaders – what changes would you make?
  • Is there a need to introduce a marriage institution given the modern-day complexities, or is it fine how it is?
  • Discuss the idea of “sustainability human.” Are our current industrial practices destroying the planet earth, or is it just a myth?
  • Were the agricultural revolution and the resulting industrialisation overall good for humanity? Or would the world have been better without it, living in small nomadic tribes?
  • Discuss the top give moral dilemmas the world is facing today?
  • Privacy or safety – Should there be limitations to what the government can do to ensure public safety?
  • A society without a set of laws – Would it be better or worse than the society you are living in?
  • Under the current world order, what are some of the rights that you want to be taken away, and what about the rights you don’t have but should?

Also read: How long is an essay in academic writing?

Philosophy Topics in Law

Writing an essay on the philosophy of law topics can help you improve your logical thinking and reasoning. Here are some ‘philosophy of law’ topics that would enable you to assess the past and current legal models and get a deeper insight into the key issues concerning this area of philosophy.

  • How might you have behaved if there were no laws to control or influence your behaviour?
  • If you could save another person’s life but don’t because you would be breaking the state’s laws, would your decision be ethically justified?
  • Identify and discuss a right of liberty that the people feel entitled to have under the law, such as the freedom of speech or gender equality. Evaluate the responsibilities of the legal system, the government, and the public to endorse those prerogatives.
  • Consider the core values of the UK constitution: self-government, equality, and liberty. Take into consideration the roles of the current government officeholders, including the Prime Minister, the Senator, the ministers, the mayors, and the judges. Evaluate the extent to which these government representatives have upheld the UK constitution’s core values. Discuss with examples.
  • What is the one moral value that should be mandatory for all world constitutions? Write an expository essay that provides a logical explanation of why your stated moral value is of critical importance for every constitution regardless of the state’s history and culture.
  • Think about the US Constitution. Does it prevent individuals from performing specific actions, thereby restricting the requirements of modern society? Produce a persuasive essay that addresses this important question with supporting evidence material.
  • Investigate the rationale behind the fundamental human rights and the logic behind the natural law.
  • Explore two different natural law theories. Discuss the role of morality in both.
  • Use practical examples and logical reasoning to justify the statement, “natural law can help a society live in peace and harmony.”
  • Can a fair justice system and legal rights coexist? Is there a relationship between justice and legal rights? Use examples to support your reasoning.
  • Are we forced to adhere to the laws of the system? Use examples and evidence to support your central argument.
  • What are the advantages and disadvantages of adhering to a legal system? Discuss the moral, economic, political, and social implications of each advantage and disadvantage.

Environmental Philosophy Topics

Here is an illustrative list of environmental philosophy topics to get you thinking about the possible ideas for your essay. You can choose any of these topics, or you can contact our experts to order custom topics.

  • It’s not my fault – Global warming and individual moral obligations. An investigation into the problems posed by climate change that policymakers, politicians, and citizens should be ready to tackle? Do we really have a moral obligation to future generations? When it appears that your actions may not be of any significance in the grand scheme of things, should you even care about your obligation to cut back on your carbon footprint?
  • The latest evidence shows that the plastic toothbrush we have been using for the last century has contributed significantly to environmental pollution. Can small steps like replacing your traditional plastic toothbrush with an eco-friendly alternative really help to control climate change? Do we have a moral obligation to help curb the increasing plastic pollution destroying marine life?
  • Veganism, harm-free animal flesh, and nonmaleficence: Navigating dietary ethics in an unjust world. Produce an argumentative essay focusing on the philosophy of animal consumption that harms animals, the environment, and humans.
  • Discuss practical ecology and foundations for environmental ethics.
  • Should you rely upon your conscience or moral beliefs to solve an environmental issue when your profession disagrees with them?
  • Discuss the significance of corporate social responsibility to prevent environmental catastrophes.
  • Can eco-sabotage be justified? Discuss with examples and solid supporting evidence material.
  • Are the citizens responsible for preventing environmental harm and promoting ecological benefit?
  • Littering is a major source of environmental pollution in developing countries – Identity the basis for the polluting actions of the citizens.
  • Should we or should we not let nature take its course in national parks?
  • Is it ethically and morally correct to sedate, capture, radio collar, take blood samples from animals for testing purposes?
  • Is the world’s increasing population an environmental concern? Should there be regulations to control birth and population in a world thin on resources? If yes, what are some practical yet ethical methods for controlling the human population?
  • Explore the concept of speciesism? What are the moral implications of this idea?
  • Do we need to manage nature to protect it or let nature take its course? Justify your argument with strong evidence.

Also read: How to shorten an essay?

Personal Philosophy Topics

Our time in life is short. As conscious beings, we are always eager to make the most of the time, achieve more extraordinary things in life, and leave this world a better place than we entered it. Our philosophies guide us and play a crucial role in our actions, whether in business or personal affairs.

Some intriguing personal philosophy topics are listed below.

  • How significant is the role of personal philosophy in shaping your future – Can you create a personal philosophy that ensures success in life?
  • What are the elements of a successful personal philosophy? Are some aspects more important than others? Identify and discuss the ingredients of personal philosophy in detail in an expository essay.
  • Does personal philosophy really give you adequate means to deal with the outside world?
  • Life is too short to be taken seriously – Discuss the merits and demerits of this statement.
  • What does the phrase “in the pursuit of happiness” mean? Can we ever be happy?
  • Should a man be in charge of the outside world affairs, and the women should only take care of the household chores? Should the roles of men and women be pre-defined in a family unit?
  • “Just do it” – Examine this phrase from the philosophical perspective.
  • What is mindfulness? Can it help us succeed? Can it help us achieve true happiness?
  • How do we develop a sense of responsibility to leave the world a better place than when we enter it? Should we even care about the outside world?
  • Who is the better teacher? Books or practical experiences?

Also read: Extended essay topics

Moral Philosophy Topics

Moral philosophy is an exciting subject that covers a range of theories and concepts, including but not limited to virtue theory, utilitarianism, Kantianism, evasion, and more. Here are some really unique moral philosophy research topics to inspire you.

  • Discuss the UK’s moral dilemmas (or another country of your choice) from the business and cultural perspective.
  • Do animals have morals? What makes humans think that they are the only species with morals?
  • Does religion make people morally better? Do religious government representatives have moral standards than those that don’t follow a religion?
  • Analyse the nature of morality. Investigate whether it is objective or subjective. Compose an argumentative essay on the topic and back your arguments with evidence.
  • What is more important – intentions or outcomes? Should we judge people based on only their intentions when judging their actions?
  • Examine the reasons humans often associate beauty with morality.
  • Should I be morally obliged to save another person’s life if they live in another country, and I feel powerless?
  • Should the people from wealthier countries feel obliged to help poor people globally? What should be the basis of their moral standards?
  • Describe the significance of ancient philosophy to the moral standards we hold today in the West. How important was the role of the philosophical ideas put forth by the likes of Socrates, the Bible, Kant, and Aristotle in designing our understanding of peace, harmony, happiness, truth, and morality?
  • How must one spend their life? Should they live in pursuit of knowledge, power, happiness, or all? In search of happiness and harmony, should we care about the happiness of everyone? Is it morally right to lie or deceive if the intentions are for a good cause?
  • Some religious beliefs give humans absolute dominion over animals and treat them as they please. Are humans superior to animals? Do animals have analytical capabilities like humans that must be protected?
  • Explore the conceptual relevance of Jihad – What are the moral and ethical basis of the concept of Jihad in Islamic tradition and compare the grounds with those upheld in the Western culture.

Silly and Controversial Philosophy Topics

If you plan to choose an “out of the box” research topic, here are some silly and controversial questions. You are welcome to contact us via live chat, WhatsApp, Messenger, email, or telecom for more ideas.

  • Can the Islamic concept of Jihad ever be justified from the perspective of morality? Who gives Jihadists the right to decide who should be prosecuted in the name of Allah?
  • Do nuclear weapons protect people or kill people? Can the world governments really destroy all the nuclear weapons and live in harmony?
  • What is the purpose of our life? Did God create us, or did we come into existence through natural processes? Is nature God?
  • How do the different races come into existence? Can one race be superior to others because of genes and DNA?
  • If religions ceased to exist, would the world become a better place or a worse place?
  • What is true love? How would you define true love? Who decides whether any form of love is true or not? What are the criteria for judging another person’s emotions of love?
  • Why do we value the dead more than the living?
  • Should we stop making electronic gadgets because they have taken away our emotions? Put forth your arguments in the form of a persuasive essay.
  • What is the perfect life? Does an ideal life exist?
  • Discuss the relationship between numbers in a bank account and our happiness? Can money buy happiness? Can the state of true happiness be achieved without money?
  • Do vegetables feel pain when we bite into them? Is there a way to measure their pain?
  • Is free will real or just an illusion?

Philosophy Essay Format and Structure

The format of a philosophy essay depends on the type of essay you are required to complete. The main essay types are argumentative , narrative , expository , literary analysis and rhetorical analysis .

Check your essay assignment brief or talk to your tutor about the format and structure you must follow to be sure of what is required.

Typically, philosophy essays follow the five-paragraph essay structure, including an introduction , three main body paragraphs , and the concluding paragraph.

How to Write a Philosophy Essay?

Here are the steps for writing a philosophy essay.

  • Find relevant information according to your interests.
  • Develop the research question that needs to be addressed.
  • Make an essay outline with a table of contents for your essay, so you know what needs to be included in your essay.
  • Start the introduction to provide a background to the topic you aim to investigate.
  • Write the main body, and provide arguments and statements to base your opinion on.
  • End with the conclusion.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to write an excellent philosophy essay.

To write an excellent Philosophy Essay: 1. Clearly define your thesis statement. 2. Develop logical arguments with strong evidence. 3. Engage with primary and secondary sources. 4. Present counterarguments and address them. 5. Maintain clarity, coherence, and concise writing style.

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Philosophy Research Paper Topics

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Are you searching for ideas for a philosophical paper? Then you are in luck to have found our page. Our compilations of standardized research themes are sure to inspire you to write a grade A+ essay. You ought to know that the contents of your research must meet academic standards set for sciences, and our suggestions are meant to steer you in the right trajectory. The first step of the writing process begins by looking for research topics in philosophy. This post helps in providing you with lists of philosophy research topics for your paper. Check title ideas prepared by our papers writing service and get ready to write your own paper. 

What Are Philosophy Research Topics?

Most philosophy paper topics require a good amount of devotion to writing. Philosophy involves the study of axiology, metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, logic, philosophy of science, philosophy of the mind, and aesthetics, to name just a few. Each of these branches can seem broad and complex, which is why most students find selecting a handful of philosophical research topics to be hectic.  In fact, some people make the mistake of picking very intricate social science research topics of discussion in an attempt to impress their professors. The best approach, however, requires one to choose a simple but researchable subject matter. Identifying appropriate philosophy topics for a research paper is crucial in writing. Doing so narrows down your search significantly.

Characteristics of Good Philosophy Research Topics

Writers who earn high grades begin their research journey by choosing good research topics for philosophy. Doing so carries benefits, such as being able to write on a theme you like and understand well, which makes the process enjoyable. These merits later reflect in your final score on your philosophy paper. Looking out for these traits given below will allow you to find a unique subject matter for your essay easily. You should:

  • Select a fascinating topic because it activates your imagination.
  • If your theme is original, then you stand a higher chance of earning extra points compared to students who recycled from a list of overused philosophy research topics.
  • Your preferred research issue ought to have plenty of information available in published resources, including books and the Internet.
Read more: What Is a Research Paper & How to Write It?

How to Choose a Philosophy Research Paper Topic?

Successful formulation of your research topic, to a great extent, determines your final grade. You want to avoid the mistake of picking a philosophy paper topic that exceeds your grasp of knowledge. For example, if you are in your first year of college, you cannot tackle a philosophy research paper topic in the Ph.D. category. When picking your preferred theme, you should:

  • Consider the relevance of philosophy paper ideas to your specific area of study.
  • Refer to your class assignments as a source of inspiration for developing your interests.
  • Pick a topic that interests you, as this will allow you to research quickly in a fun and rewarding process.
  • Ensure that your preferred research issue aligns with your professor's instructions.
  • You need to discuss your selection with your instructor.

Top List of Philosophy Research Topics

In your search for writing ideas, you may consider top-tier philosophy topics to write a paper on. These themes, at times, prove to be a challenge. However, they are relatively popular, allowing you the chance to work with a vast amount of already existing resources. A wide variety of materials that are available and published make it easy to defend one's thesis with peer-reviewed findings. Here is a top-tier philosophy topics list.

  • Free will from a philosophical perspective.
  • An exploration of low moral standards.
  • Irony through a philosophical lens.
  • Are people morally obligated to be honest?
  • Beauty standards from a philosophical stance.
  • Aristotle's life and his influence on society.
  • Philosophical role in the globalization process.
  • The truth's relativity.
  • Philosophical implications of the love-happiness dynamic.
  • Race and justice in America.

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Interesting Philosophy Research Topics

There are numerous options within the interesting philosophy paper topics category. You need to have a good eye when picking from this collection because what you may consider attention-grabbing at times seems mundane to some people. Remember that your choice of essay topic should impress your professor. We have narrowed down the most thought-provoking themes and prepared a list of excellent philosophical paper topics that will captivate your instructor.

  • Supernatural claims: real or myth?
  • Can an individual find happiness despite them not having a family?
  • Truth as a virtue and its value in society.
  • Can one be rich without owning monetary wealth?
  • Why do people kill for religious reasons?
  • The psychology surrounding rules and obedience.
  • Can the main characteristics that make a person be changed?
  • Is it ethical to force people to observe science-backed traditions?
  • Notable modern life values.
  • Personal definition of happiness.
  • Three approaches to the substance of thinking: monistic, dualistic, and populistic.
  • French philosophies of the XIX-XX centuries.
  • The essence of man is reflected in ancient philosophy.
  • Comparing Plato's, Socrates', and Aristotle's philosophies.
  • Common notion regarding life after death.

Easy Philosophy Research Topics

If you want to write your paper faster, it makes sense to look for easy research topics in philosophy. Such themes are not hard to come by as they address commonly encountered philosophical questions in people's daily lives. You may decide to note down two or three philosophy topics to talk about from the list below and discuss them with your instructor.

  • What makes love last?
  • Society's role in your personal life.
  • The benefits of human emotions.
  • What constitutes an ideal world?
  • Good versus bad traits.
  • The role education plays in your personal life.
  • What are the principles of democracy?
  • What would you choose between pursuing your passions and landing a well-paying job?
  • Living without feeling alive.
  • Strengths associated with the Determinist theory.
  • In what ways does fear influence your everyday life?
  • Does faith change human nature?
  • Should abortion be made legal?
  • Why do most countries not allow human cloning?
  • What is harmony?

Fun Philosophy Paper Topics

Philosophical research topics can be fun and enjoyable, depending on the subject of discussion. Writing such themes is very engaging. Philosophy research paper topics in this category can be academic, informative, or for entertainment purposes.

  • Morality as a virtue.
  • Philosophical views in relation to space exploration.
  • What your cat thinks of you.
  • Why do people get irritated?
  • The irony in poverty and its philosophical perspectives.
  • Philosophical thoughts on what determines people's moods.
  • Humor and mental health : Is laughter the best medicine?
  • The irony of dying to live versus living to die.
  • Video games and how they affect our perception of the comedy of tragedy.
  • Machiavelli's ideas: Negatives and positives.
  • Analyzing humanity in contrast to divinity.
  • False beliefs about causes of death.
  • Have you ever felt like a minority in any aspect of your life?
  • Controversial aspect of modern life.
  • Is joy the same as happiness?

Good Philosophy Research Topics

To assist you in succeeding in writing philosophical essays, we have availed a list of good philosophy research paper ideas to inspire your writing. Also, if you are a teacher in need of topics for a philosophy paper for each student, you can pick from the following list.

  • Distinctions between humans and animals.
  • Would you prefer to love or be loved?
  • What does feminism mean to the world?
  • The essence of time as it relates to philosophy.
  • The age and wisdom.
  • Have you faced any ethical dilemmas in the last decade of your life?
  • Myths and the truth behind them.
  • Science from a philosophical standpoint.
  • Distinctions between ancient and modern life.
  • Honor as a concept applied in medieval Europe.
  • Top philosophers who lived in the 20th century.
  • Examining the connection between power and reason.
  • Possible rights of sentient robotics in the future.
  • Science's significance in humanity's daily living.
  • Is torture justifiable in any context?

We also have great ideas for psychology research topics and education research topics , to name a few. Browse our Blog for more title suggestions. 

Intriguing Philosophy Research Topics

If you are looking for adequately formulated philosophy paper ideas, you are in luck, as we have a collection of topics that you may find very intriguing. You can share this resource with others who might be having a hard time acquiring topics for philosophy research paper for their writing assignments.

  • Is the subconscious mind physiological or abstract?
  • Similarities associated with ethics and behavior.
  • Maturity age and marriage age as defined by the social realm.
  • Pros and cons of total control over society's behavior by totalitarian regimes.
  • Beauty's effects on an individual's self-esteem.
  • The two sides of suicide: For and against it.
  • How are parents, in general, responsible for the actions of a child?
  • Ethical Issues surrounding the topic of experimentation on animal subjects.
  • Pros and cons associated with artificial intelligence.
  • Do animals have souls?
  • Do animals perceive human emotional states?
  • The ethics associated with the cryptocurrency Bitcoin.
  • What is a "necessary evil?"
  • Pros and cons associated with marriage.
  • Is morality objective or subjective?

Philosophy Research Paper Topics for Students

Philosophy research topics are distinctively academic in nature. When presented with the task of delivering a philosophical essay, the best option for students is to read guides and examples of essays similar to the task at hand. Then they present proposed research topics in philosophy to their professor. The search can be odious, but we have made it easy for you to quickly settle on a topic and begin writing. Here is a list of philosophy topics for a research paper in high school or college.

Philosophy Research Topics for High School

Many high school students are searching for their next philosophy project ideas. If you are in such a situation, our philosophical paper topics resource below should at least help narrow your search.

  • Voting age dilemma: 16 or 18-year-olds.
  • The abstract nature of the subconscious.
  • Abortion as a question in life and death cycle.
  • Philosophical views on the subject of taxing the super-rich.
  • What lessons can younger people learn from your generation?
  • The philosophical view on forgiveness.
  • Positive thinking techniques.
  • Egg versus hen: Which came first?
  • Ethics and euthanasia.
  • Are social protests a practical approach to demand change?
  • Your greatest possession or treasure in life.
  • Utopia as critically reviewed through a philosopher's lens.
  • Missing ethical values in immortality.
  • What created the concept known as the " American dream ?"
  • Importance associated with philosophical studies.

Philosophy Research Topics for College Students

If you have been stressing thinking about philosophy term paper topics and you are lost on where to start, you are in luck, as you have landed on the right page. Here you will get a free list containing unique philosophical paper topics that you can use for your essay and impress your professor.

  • "Beauty of the Heart": is the concept probable?
  • Balancing law and ethics.
  • A philosophical view on reincarnation.
  • Does the truth always win an argument?
  • Philosophical thoughts on the epic of Gilgamesh and how it changed approaches to human conflict resolution.
  • What it means to "be proud of something."
  • Art's impact on children's creative thinking.
  • Is excessive knowledge dangerous?
  • Will technological advancements reach an end?
  • Inside a lying person's mind.
  • Do humans owe anything to robots?
  • The cycle of life and death.
  • Is "the bottom line" an American cultural phenomenon?
  • Is predatory capitalism in American healthcare ethical?
  • Celebrities as role models for the youth.

Extra Philosophy Research Paper Topics & Ideas

Philosophy is a broad discipline with numerous applications. It explores areas such as law, history, politics, art, ethics, and human life, among others. We have tried as much as possible to cover common philosophy research paper topics in our lists. You can navigate to any section in this post that relates to your current project and borrow philosophy paper ideas for free.

Ancient Philosophy Research Topics

Ancient philosophy research paper topics cover historical aspects. It is interesting to learn about early theories and developmental stages of philosophical notions. The advantage of selecting a theme from the category of ancient research topics in philosophy is that there are enough materials to base your paper on in numerous publications.

  • An ideal world as dreamt by Plato.
  • An in-depth look at Immanuel Kant.
  • Beliefs in ancient Greece.
  • Reality as conceptualized by Aristotle.
  • The life and death of Socrates.
  • Unique elements associated with Roman philosophy.
  • Philosophy and mythology.
  • Philosophy's role as a theoretical doctrine in ancient times.
  • Philosophical aspects in anthropology that are no longer relevant today.
  • Cosmological nature of early Greek philosophy .
  • "Know Thyself": Socrates.
  • Roman stoicism and the rise of Christianity.
  • Positive social changes as a result of Seneca's stoicism.
  • The concept of honor in medieval culture.
  • The evolution of ancient philosophy.
Read more: History Research Paper Topics  

Political Philosophy Research Topics

This section contains a list of political and philosophical research topics and ideas. Philosophy has a keen focus on politics in all aspects, including political science. This relationship allows for a variety of research areas that you can explore. Here are 15 philosophy topics for a research paper that you should consider.

  • Enlightenment: political and philosophical ideas.
  • Do political lies amount to abusing freedom of speech?
  • Political revolution in Africa: Robert Mugabe.
  • What drives people to engage in civil disobedience?
  • Freedom and justice as political capital.
  • How the synthesis of Freudianism and Marxism in Fromm's literature is reflected in the national policies of some countries.
  • Political history as seen from a philosophical and ideological perspective.
  • Human freedom and responsibility as reflected in the policies of certain countries.
  • How politicians perceive the concept of superman in Nietzsche.
  • Changes to the political foundations with respect to the challenge of unity and diversity.
  • When does the truth become an epistemological and political problem?
  • Pessimism and optimism as approaches to the development of society when considered political Strategies.
  • Exploring the cultural and political self-determination of a human.
  • National idea and its role in the formation of civil society.
  • Roles of correctional institutions in punishment and criminal justice administration in America.

>> More ideas: Political Science Research Topics

Philosophy Paper Ideas on Ethics

Ethics and morality in philosophy is a branch that specializes in the idea of right and wrong. See our list of philosophy paper ideas. Checking through the compilation allows you to select a suitable philosophy research paper topic that makes you a candidate for a passing grade in your ethics essay .

  • A philosophical review of standardized tests.
  • Is evil naturally present in people?
  • Ethical egoism: good or bad?
  • Philosophical thoughts on the use of nuclear weapons.
  • Philosophical metaethics in the context of experimental science.
  • Same-sex marriages as seen through a philosopher's mind.
  • Alcoholism in the modern age.
  • Colonization in Africa and its moral implications.
  • American corporate greed as the main drive for neoliberalism.
  • Is venture capitalism evil?
  • Neoliberalism's effects on global labor markets.
  • An ethical and philosophical discussion of death sentence punishment.
  • Political manipulation and its effects on social trust.
  • Racism and gender discrimination's role in interstellar society.
  • What is the most effective way to discipline your children?

Philosophy Research Topics on Human Life

Human life philosophy is concerned with the study of the status of human beings in the universe, and it also investigates the purpose and meaning of life. In an attempt to answer these critical questions, students may be asked to write essays that are based on research topics for philosophy. If you find yourself in need of assistance with ideas for your essay, our suggestions list for philosophical paper topics is an excellent place to start looking.

  • Why happiness is such a complex life goal.
  • Things that cause human life to seem senseless.
  • Law and order as a recipe for peace.
  • What qualifies human life as meaningful?
  • What is a "perfect life" like?
  • Why do Africans, especially children, have a high happiness index despite impoverished states?
  • Would you desire to reincarnate?
  • Role of culture in human life.
  • Is there human-like life on other planets?
  • Mental health and its effect on living standards.
  • How AI will impact life in the next century.
  • What modern life custom is likely to fade over time?
  • What trajectory would life have followed without the Internet?
  • Distrust in long-distance relationships.
  • Do clones have souls?

Philosophy Research Topics About Art

Art is a testament to the creative human spirit, which links art to philosophy. If you are a student of art, you may be given a list of philosophy topics to talk about. Check out the art philosophy paper topics provided below.

  • Philosophical Ideas in Poetry and Architecture.
  • Leonardo da Vinci's painting is the true philosophy of the Renaissance.
  • Is photography an art?
  • Literature and philosophy as applied in political criticism.
  • Ideality in creativity as a manifestation of consciousness.
  • Creativity and art as a window to a person's inner spiritual world.
  • Artistic value vs aesthetic value.
  • Relationship between knowledge and creativity.
  • Philosophical aspects and art.
  • How will NFT (non-fungible tokens) usage change the future of art?
  • Is art simply a human spiritual activity or ritual?
  • Thoughts on art's lack of rational reproducibility and its bias towards symbolism and figurative forms of expression and cognition.
  • Philosophical exploration: The intersection between art, religion, and science.
  • Historical evolution involving the relationships between philosophy and history.
  • Existentialism as noted by A. Camus, G. Marcel, and J.P. Sartre.

Philosophy Research Topics From Experts

If you are interested in conducting research in your area of expertise, the following are current philosophical research topics that you can consider depending on your specialty. Looking through our compilation of expert philosophy topics can help you identify a research gap in your field to gain several philosophy paper ideas for your project.

  • An ideal world consisting of liberalism and fascism in political ideas.
  • Philosophy and mediation, according to Rene.
  • A summary: Charles Pierce's fixation on belief.
  • A summary of Buddhist philosophical ideals.
  • The ethics involving free will.
  • Post-Colonial and feminist philosophy.
  • Aristotle's friendship conditions.
  • Is there evidence for God's existence?
  • John McTaggart's unreality of time.
  • Apology by Crito and Plato.
  • A well-paid task versus a passion.
  • Life after death: What is the popular African viewpoint?
  • Modern life values that foster peace.
  • The most prominent bother that comes with loneliness.
  • How do religions die?

Philosophy Thesis Topics

Formulating proper thesis topics in philosophical subjects can prove challenging. Get started on any one of the philosophy topics for a research paper or thesis presented to you in this post. Our expert writers keenly formulated every proposition in the listing containing topics in philosophy for your thesis.

  • The robotics industry as seen from a philosophical angle.
  • A situation where humans have considered things as facts without evidence.
  • Views on artificial intelligence in philosophy.
  • The American dream's implications.
  • The classical Socratic method.
  • Hate crimes and how to combat them.
  • The remarkable life and death of Plato .
  • Honor was a social concept in ancient Rome.
  • What thoughts does the term "a life based on reason" invoke in your mind?
  • What is the ideal education in the 21st century?
  • Intuition is a human trait.
  • The power associated with slogans.
  • The flaws of fixation of belief.
  • Family values and how they influence personal character development.
  • Implications of time's relativity.

Bottom Line on Philosophy Research Paper Topics

This post is meant to provide both students and professionals with a resource where they can look up philosophy topics for a research paper. The importance of topic selection as a critical step in the writing process is evident. It influences the process that follows after leading up to your final grade or the quality of your final essay. As long as you pick an interesting and researchable topic, you are not likely to encounter extreme difficulties in your writing process. We hope that you have found the research topics in philosophy in this post helpful.

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Philosophy Essay Topics

  • August 31, 2020
  • Essay Guides and Topics

Here's What We'll Cover

As a philosophy student, your professor will assign you philosophy essays, enabling you to showcase your understanding of a subject matter. However, many philosophy students experience problems determining the best philosophy essay topics. 

What Is A Philosophy Essay?

Students in philosophy classes are expected to think and argue rationally. Therefore, philosophy essays play a vital role in examining students’ rational argument skills as they prove a certain point or idea. The majority of the students bank on their story-telling skills, linguistic prowess, and eloquence of language when writing philosophy essays.

Even though the good language is required, the beauty of a successful essay is the ideas and the shreds of evidence provided in support of a certain opinion. Therefore, you should always eye on proving your point in the most precise and concise way. A philosophy essay must, therefore, have a proposition that necessitates proof. 

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100 + Philosophy Essay Topics 

The most deeming fitting philosophy essay topic must be interesting to you while writing and to your readers when reading. Therefore, ensure to consider the topics below. 

  • The value of knowledge and truth
  • A way to justify tortures
  • What is the purpose of death
  • What is the sense of your existence
  • Moral epistemology
  • The reason why there are evil people
  • Would you like to live forever
  • Do people suffer by choice
  • The theory of the black hole
  • What does power mean to you
  • What is the future of the humankind and humans
  • Acting morally is needed in order to achieve happiness
  • Critical thinking and subjectivity
  • What are the things that can make someone’s life useful or useless
  • Feminist epistemology
  • How can harmony be achieved
  • Does the American dream exist
  • Does knowledge come from learning or experience
  • What is the significance of good and evil
  • Is there life after death
  • Is life hard
  • Rationalism and modern application
  • How would you define eternity
  • Should criminals allowed to have children
  • What is one true purpose of living
  • The theory of scientific realism
  • How would you design an ideal world
  • Do human beings deserve to have children
  • Who are superior intellectually between dogs and cats
  • Do genetics contributes to one’s behaviour
  • Behaviourism vs. cognitive science
  • Should the experiment of animals be  allowed
  • Who suffers more when it comes to fashion men or women
  • What are the pros and cons of having total control
  • Postmodernism ideas in philosophy
  • Does happiness comes from helping others
  • Quantum logic and probability theory
  • Is it possible to justify murder
  • Determinism and freedom in society
  • The concept of happiness through the prism of modern youth
  • Is any truth relative. Does it change from situation to situation
  • What can you do to always think positively
  • What are the pros and cons of organ transplantation
  • Could there be ever peace in the society
  • The existing dualism in philosophy
  • What do you think will be future of mankind
  • What is the ethic behind cyber currency applications
  • The effect of video games on one’s behavior
  • What does sexual desire tell us about humans and their behavior
  • Language of thought and knowledge argument
  • What are the reasons why people commit suicides
  • Is it difficult to have a happy life
  • Is it ethical to have circuses and zoos
  • Should patriotism be regarded as a virtue
  • Is there need to be responsible to acquire wealth
  • The theory of conventionalism and constructivism
  • Is there situations wire you will have to lie than tell the truth
  • Should abortion be legalized
  • How dependent are ethics on religion currently
  • The interpretation of the Copenhagen concept
  • What do you consider as the greatest treasure in her life
  • What is Utopia
  • Do you prefer a simple explanation
  • Understanding events in semantic theory
  • Do you believe there is democracy
  • Can an individual considered educated if he doesn’t attend school
  • Should enthusiasts be legalized
  • Is morality subjective or objective
  • The philosophy of language
  • Are there people who live without feeling alive
  • Can the belief in God change human nature
  • How does social media influence our morals
  • The role of women in the history of philosophy
  • How do people differ from Animals
  • The effects of utilitarianism
  • Do boredom lead to trouble
  • Deconstruction and existentialism
  • Is education a necessity for all people
  • What are the Pros and cons of capital punishment
  • What is the purpose of consciousness
  • The theory structuralism and post-structuralism
  • Should people be allowed to break the rules for greater good
  • Can beauty truly be found within
  • How to increase the level of IQ
  • The theory of ethical naturalism
  • How can one boost his creativity
  • Should churches be involved in politics
  • What tendency does humanity follow
  • Liberty and affirmative actions
  • What does loneliness mean to you
  • What are the differences between free will and spiritual power
  • Does supernatural exist
  • The global implications of medical ethics
  • Does everyone has both good and bad traits
  • Discuss crucial modern values
  • Is torture justifiable
  • Aesthetic experience and judgment
  • Is cloning morally acceptable
  • Are we the only living organisms in the universe
  • Understanding the relationship between peace war and philosophy

How To Choose The Best Philosophy Essay Topic

The most complex task of writing a philosophy essay is choosing a philosophical topic. Therefore, you need to examine the different subjects in the philosophy realm and brainstorm through to identify a great topic. 

It would be best if you chose an interesting topic and that meets the academic inquiry thresholds. Take your time to understand whether the topic is debatable, researchable, and academically fit. You are to choose a topic within the five faculties of philosophy; ethics, epistemology, politics, aesthetics, and metaphysics. 

What Is The Philosophy Essay Structure?

Like most academic papers, a philosophy essay must have an introduction, body segment, and a conclusion. You need to develop an outline for your essay, which serves as a blueprint for your paper. Through your outline, you will have a thorough organization of the facts discussed in the essay. What appears on which part?

Introduction

Your audience needs to familiarize yourself with your focal point or the essay’s main idea in the most concise and precise way. Therefore, readers will gather primary information relating to your essay and the topic being discussed through your introductory paragraph. 

You need to develop a thesis statement and have it featured in the opening paragraph. Your thesis statement communicates your main opinion or points succinctly. Therefore, through a thesis statement, your readers will understand the trajectory that your essay follows.

Debatable thesis statements help create successful philosophy essays. Your thesis statement should never share indisputable facts since you need to showcase two sides of the subject matter through rational arguments. 

Your essay is structured to encompass five paragraphs. The body segment comprises three paragraphs, although there are instances when you can write more than a three-paragraphed body. Every paragraph in the body section should discuss a certain idea in support of your thesis statement. Therefore, your standpoints must be written most compellingly. 

Conclusion 

Readers need closure after reading through your essay. Therefore, ensure to summarize the arguments covered by your article in a clear manner. In your conclusion, ensure to give insightful reasons for your standpoint on the subject matter. 

It would be best if you remained careful when choosing your philosophy essay sources. Some of the sources are unreliable, and the information contained therein not credible. Therefore, ensure to settle for academically accredited resources since you are writing an academic paper. However, there are instances when you can settle for credible sources without the academic realm. 

Finalize your philosophy essay

As the writer of the essay, you need to acknowledge the weight of your arguments and the paper at large. Therefore, ensure to understand the requirements of the task and examine how the essay meets the threshold. Your outline will enable you to examine your essay closely and determine whether you have followed the sequential arrangements of your facts, arguments, and counter-arguments. While reading through your essay, ensure to examine whether it makes sense. 

Your paper must observe the right language. Avoid terminologies that will confuse your audience. Through understanding your audience, you will manage to examine and revise the language and terminologies used. 

Finally, it would be best if you proofread your work. Proofreading creates a platform for editions. Your work must be grammatically right and correctly punctuated. 

Referencing

Cite your resources appropriately and give credit to other scholarships to draw shreds of evidence for your arguments. There are different citation styles from MLA, APA, Chicago, and Oxford. However, examine the citation instructions as availed by your professor. 

Essay help

Philosophy writing is common among students. However, very few people understand the role played by the topic one settles for. Therefore, you need to understand the above guidelines and philosophy essay topics for a successful philosophical paper. 

How do you start a philosophy essay?

Here are the simple steps on how to start a philosophy essay; arrange your thoughts carefully, use the appropriate words, support your claims, give appreciation, have objections then finally proofread your work.

Why philosophy is important in our life?

Philosophy is essential this is because it helps us to solve our problems and make better decisions by developing our critical thinking.

How do you write a philosophy argument?

To write a philosophy argument you need to separate your ideas from the authors, be charitable, define important terms, arrange your ideas then finally expound on each premise.

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Philosophy Extended Essay Topic Ideas

Philosophy Extended Essay Topic Ideas

In my opinion, you should approach your topic from various ethical and philosophical viewpoints.”

Consider this research question,

“To what extent may ethical egoism be justified as an effective moral theory?”

You can focus your analysis on Ayn Rand’s “The Virtue of Selfishness.”

Make sure you keep things straightforward and understandable because this clarity will be necessary. Philosophy essays and history essays tend to overlap, so you must be clear, stay focused, and concentrate on philosophical concepts and ideas.

Familiarize yourself with relevant vocabulary, arguments, and ideas about philosophy. Also, your EE can take the form of a debate; you can look at research that supports your topic and then at studies that counter your case and discuss them.

You can also read our detailed tips on how to write your philosophy extended essay.

Table of Contents

Selecting a Topic. 1

Here are examples of some narrowly focused topics that are better than the Broad topic. 1

Topics to avoid when writing your Philosophy Extended Essay. 2

Treatment of the topic. 2

Philosophy Extended Essay Topic Ideas. 3

Titles, Research questions and Approaches for the Philosophy Extended Essay. 4

Selecting a Topic

Your chosen topic should be based on your:

You can also get insights from intellectual aspects or beliefs you have not encountered.

You should choose a narrowly focused topic so that you have the chance to explore it early. Further, it is preferable if you use a specific hypothesis at the beginning of your extended essay that focuses on a philosopher’s ideas rather than the ideas of several philosophers.

You may also focus on a philosopher’s book rather than a complete body of work on the same topic.

Also, refrain from choosing a multidisciplinary topic or not directly connected to Philosophy.

Philosophy Extended Essay Topic Ideas

Here are examples of some narrowly focused topics that are better than the Broad topic

• “An analysis of John Rawls’ procedure of justifying principles of social justice” is better than

“Philosophical views of social justice”.

• “The notion of freedom of speech in Spinoza’s Theologico-Politico Treatise” is better than

“Ethics in the 17th century”.

• “Brahman: the ultimate reality of Sankara’s Advaita Vedanta” is better than “Philosophical implications of the Hindu scriptures”.

• “Change and continuity: a critical assessment of Herbert Marcuse’s views on art” is better than “Philosophical aspects of art and aesthetics”.

• “Doing versus being: language and reality in the Mimamsa school of Indian philosophy” is better than “Language and the nature of reality”.

• “An examination of the role played by reason in Anselm’s investigation of the concepts of predestination and free will” is better than “Anselm’s exploration of the mysteries of faith”.

Once you have selected your topic, you should design a well-crafted research question, which is required for a comprehensive philosophical analysis of the subject.

If you have a research issue that is well-focused and well-articulated, then you will have an easy time developing your arguments.

You should select a research issue relevant to Philosophy that can be addressed effectively within the word limit. You can use a statement or a question to compose your research question.

  Topics to avoid when writing your Philosophy Extended Essay

Avoid topics that rely heavily on summarizing secondary sources such as textbooks. That will most likely result in a descriptive or narrative piece that goes against the IB requirements for critical thinking and the development of arguments.

Treatment of the topic

A philosophy extended paper must meet the criteria of:

You should make sure that the examiner understands what the problem is. When you present your suggested Solutions, you should ensure that they are well-developed and organized and that they are pertinent to your topic and issue.

It would help if you also addressed any counterclaims or objections in your arguments.

You should also access the broader ramifications of the philosophical issues, and it should show the connection between these issues with general life concerns.

It is imperative that you approach your research subject with a focus on philosophical investigation and the development of an argument that requires critical analysis of relevant text.

This method allows for a wide range of philosophical contemplation and is a concept founded on the diploma program’s philosophy course emphasis.

Your philosophical study aims to motivate you to develop your capacity for developing arguments and reasoning and also teach you how to adapt to unique and autonomous stances on philosophical questions.

That will lead you to the development of a unique philosophical argument that is

If you decide on writing a philosophy extended essay, then you should study the most recent philosophy handbook and become familiar with the methodology and terminologies 

Philosophy Extended Essay Topic Ideas

An analysis of the ‘Double Movement’ of Faith in Johannes de Silentio’s ‘Fear and Trembling’ (2013)

A fox in hedgehog’s clothing : to what extent is Isaiah Berlin’s value pluralism a weaker version of relativism? (2012)

  • Can war be morally justified? (2014)
  • To what extent does economic inequality threaten the freedom and well-being of citizens in Rousseau’s Discourse on the Origin of Inequalities and The Social Contract? (2014)
  • To what extent is Peter Singer’s principle of effective altruism justified? (2018)
  • A defence against the objections to the Moving Spotlight Theory (2018)
  • The philosophical understanding of the mind in application to Artificial Intelligence (2018)
  • Philosophy of law : the position of legal positivism in a legal system (2019)
  • What are the criteria for moral responsibility and could Artificial Intelligence be capable of meeting them? (2019)
  • CRISPR-CAS9 and the ethics of human reproductive genetic engineering (2020)
  • The USA’s foreign policy is not ethically correct from a utilitarian standpoint (2020)
  • Analysis of J.L. Mackie’s refutal of Alvin Plantinga’s Free Will Defence (2021)
  • Exploring religious and secular purpose (2021)

Titles, Research questions and Approaches for the Philosophy Extended Essay

Title : Do stem cells have moral status?

Research question : What criterion can be identified in order to ascribe a moral status to stem cells?

Approach : An explanation and justification of a criterion that allows a moral status to be ascribed to stem cells.

Title : Asian philosophy of critical thinking: divergent from or convergent to Western fundamental principles?

Research question : What is the nature of the critical thinking that is clearly visible in Indian historical texts such as the Caraka and the Nyayasutra?

Approach : An exploration and justification of the notion of critical thinking that is found in the Caraka and the Nyayasutra.

Title : Art and politics in Hannah Arendt’s The Crisis in Culture

Research question : In Hannah Arendt’s essay The Crisis in Culture, art and politics are not opposed but complementary.

Approach : An investigation into the relation between art and politics in The Crisis in Culture.

Title : The roots of wisdom according to the Tao Te Ching

Research question : Does wisdom necessarily imply acting in accordance with the order of nature, according to the Tao Te Ching?

Approach : An exploration of the idea of wisdom according to the Tao Te Ching.

Title : The scientific character of Freud’s interpretation of dreams

Research question : Is Popper’s falsifiability an adequate criterion to evaluate Freud’s theory of dreams?

Approach : An examination of whether Popper’s falsifiability is an adequate criterion to evaluate Freud’s

Theory of dreams.

Hopefully, I’ve helped you somewhere and you are in a much better place in completing your essay.

We also have an article on how to write a Philosophy extended essay that would be good ideas for your Geography EE.

Further, we have also listed some Philosophy EE specific tips and guidelines that will help you come up with a stellar essay.

That said, if you are not in the mood of doing it all by yourself you can reach out to us at [email protected] and let us help you with your geography extended essay.

Talk to us today.

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The best New Statesman Ideas essays of 2023

Our pick of the finest writing from the past year.

By New Statesman

philosophy essay topic ideas

The rise of the new tech right Quinn Slobodian A cult – one that worships a genetically determined meritocracy has Silicon Valley in a chokehold. Slobodian unpacks the racial science of IQ, and the growing far-right threat of a future shaped by high-tech-hierarchy.

The new politics of time Hettie O’Brien Jenny Odell’s  Saving Time  is concerned with bewildering disjunctions. A recursive, impressionistic discussion of clocks, capitalism and the climate crisis, her book is composed of anecdotes, cut-and-pasted histories and cultural criticism. How should we spend our hours in the age of burnout? Arguably not by reading Odell’s frustrating new book, Saving Time .

What it means to be Jewish now Various Writers With anti-Semitism rising and divisions on the left over the Hamas-Israel war, 17 writers reflect on being Jewish now.

Settling scores with God: Leszek Kolakowski at the end of history Madoc Cairns An orphan. A Marxist. A Catholic-conservative. Leszek Kolakowski holds a 50-year-career as one of Europe’s leading, and most controversial public intellectuals. In conversation, he unpacks a troubled history: of paradox, of collapse, and of transcendence; of finding belonging in belief, and being haunted by the absolute.

The culture war claims Claudine Gay

The culture war claims Claudine Gay

Why does no one write like Tom Wolfe any more?

Why does no one write like Tom Wolfe any more?

Inside the Ministry of Fear

Inside the Ministry of Fear

The realists were right about the war in Ukraine Lily Lynch Far from the flashy, hope filled “David vs Goliath” narratives of resistance and reclamation of its first months, the Ukraine-Russia war has slowed to a drivel – and alongside it domestic morale, foreign support and US funding. Initially ignored warnings of Ukrainian “false hope” were not so incorrect, Lynch suggests, as she questions what version (if any) of Ukraine’s future is actually attainable.

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Going Native Oliver Eagleton People who study cults sometimes end up joining them. Has this fate befallen Matthew Goodwin, one of Britain’s most visible scholars of the hard right? Eagleton looks at how Goodwin became part of the right-populist movement he once sought to explain.

Who is afraid of Martin Heidegger? Lyndsey Stonebridge In the rootless world of the 1920s, Heidegger’s ideas about Being (with a capital B, signifying the full meaning of human existence) ripped up the ground of philosophy. The truth exists only in our Being. “Being-there” – “ Dasein ”, in Heidegger’s distinctive terminology – is what matters; there in history, gliding on nothingness, with no other certain knowledge than that of our own death. There is no plot to follow, save the “hidden primordiality” of Being itself. This essay looks at why the most radioactive philosopher of the 20th century still speaks to us.

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The New Age of Tragedy Robert D Kaplan, John Gray and Helen Thompson For this wide-ranging exchange, we asked Kaplan, the  Cambridge  political economist Helen Thompson and the philosopher John Gray to explore what we are calling this new age of tragedy, and how societies might navigate and endure the gathering storms.

Gramsci in Florida Alberto Toscano While talk of a “Gramscian vanguard” is largely a conspiratorial fabrication of the right, it could also serve as a spur for a somewhat rudderless left to reflect on what hegemony might look like today, on what it would take to become the threat to capitalism, patriarchy and white nationalism that the right already takes it to be.

Arno J Mayer’s 20th Century Enzo Traverso The American historian Arno J Mayer belongs to an extraordinary generation of German-speaking Jewish scholars – George L Mosse, Raul Hilberg, Peter Gay and Fritz Stern among others – who were born in Europe between the end of the First World War and Hitler’s rise to power, reaching their maturity during the Second World War. The cataclysms of the 20th century forged their mental  habitus  and gave them a sharp sense of  history . Mayer helped transform the writing of history – and with it our understanding of the modern world.

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200 Awesome Philosophy Essay Topics That Will Help You Earn an A+ Grade

Table of Contents

Writing a philosophy essay is a daunting task. It requires critical analysis, extensive reading, massive research, and strong knowledge of the subject. Particularly, for writing an excellent philosophy essay, a powerful philosophy essay topic is what you need the most. As philosophy is a vast academic field that tackles every aspect of human life, it contains a wide range of essay topics to focus on.

Do you want to write an engaging philosophy essay? Are you searching for the best philosophy essay topics and ideas? Continue reading this blog post and get important tips on how to choose a good philosophy topic and craft an engaging philosophy paper. Also, you can make use of the list of awesome philosophy essay topic ideas suggested here.

How to Write an Impressive Philosophy Essay?

In general, philosophy is an interesting academic discipline that focuses on the fundamental nature of reality, knowledge, and existence. Most importantly, the subject deals with a wide range of theories that are related to primary occurrences in nature and daily life, and also revolve around the concept of reality, truth, and goodness.

As mentioned above, philosophy essay writing is not a piece of cake. For writing a philosophy essay, you must have a great philosophy essay topic and also know how to critically analyze, identify the hidden arguments and then persuade your readers with logical arguments that are relevant to your essay topic.

If you are asked to write a comprehensive philosophy essay, then this is what you should follow.

  • First, identify an outstanding philosophy essay topic.
  • Next, sketch a detailed essay outline by highlighting the key arguments.
  • Create a strong thesis statement.
  • Structure the essay by including the essential components such as introduction, body, and conclusion.
  • Add a hook sentence to your introductory paragraph and close the section with the thesis statement that you have prepared.
  • Present all the major points or arguments on your topic with supporting evidence or other credible information in the body section.
  • Wrap up the essay with a thesis restatement and a call-to-action in the conclusion paragraph.
  • In the end, create a references list or a bibliography.
  • Finally, proofread the entire essay and edit it, if there are any errors.

Tips for Choosing a Good Philosophy Essay Topic

The first step in philosophy essay writing is identifying a good topic to deal with. Generally, people will think that it is easy to search and find an essay topic. But, actually, it is not true. For choosing an essay topic, you must put a lot of effort and time into it.

Usually, the professors will either propose essay topic ideas for you to choose from, or they will ask you to write a brilliant essay by choosing a philosophy essay topic on your own. If you are asked to select a topic on your own, then you should keep the following things in mind while selecting the philosophy essay topic.

When it comes to choosing a philosophy essay topic, always remember to pick a topic that

  • Interests you and your readers.
  • Allows you to fill the areas that are lacking.
  • Addresses a specific problem in society.
  • Is not too broad or too narrow.
  • Provides solutions to life problems.
  • Contains an arguable question or a topic that is argumentative.
  • Consist of different views and opinions.
  • Matches the research methodology of your choice.
  • Contains a wide range of sources references.
  • Have enough facts and data to support the major points or arguments.

Read More – Philosophy Research Topics for Every College Student You Know

Top Philosophy Essay Topic Ideas

Till now, we saw how to choose a good philosophy essay topic and write an informative essay. Next, let us move on to the philosophy essay topic ideas.

To make your topic searching process easier, here we have compiled a list of awesome philosophy essay topic ideas for you to consider. Go through the entire list and identify a topic that suits you perfectly.

Simple Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Does wisdom increase with age?
  • What happens when people die?
  • What would happen if humans lived forever?
  • How complex is a human life from conception to adulthood?
  • Is it worth keeping memories of past events if we can’t go back to them?
  • The origins of racial prejudice.
  • Is religious education necessary?
  • Our perception of disabled people.
  • The definition of anger.
  • Politics versus moral values.

Simple Philosophy Essay Topics for University

  • Eastern moral values versus Western moral values
  • Philosophy of love in Christianity and Jainism
  • Philosophy of Hinduism
  • Personality formation and environmental science
  • God versus Evil
  • Are morals relative to society and culture?
  • Concept of Meaning in My Life: Reflective Essay.
  • Analysis of the Significance of Our Existence: Concept of Meaning of Life.
  • Concept of Meaning of Life: Critical Analysis.
  • Concept of Meaning and Its Role in Our Life: Analytical Essay

Argumentative Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Explain the purpose behind good and evil.
  • Elaborate the main attributes of Skepticism
  • Explain whether or not morality should be subjective.
  • Investigate whether knowledge is a result of experience and learning.
  • Explain why governments should conceal the evidence of extraterrestrial
  • The causes of religious wars.
  • What are the reasons and solutions to mass panic and hysteria?
  • Utilitarianism has roots in violence and social rejection.
  • What is the relationship between the spirit and the natural world?
  • What are critical moral issues around genetically modified products?
  • Legality of genetic engineering
  • Is there any moral obligation to be honest?
  • Is it ethical to have pets?
  • Individualism versus idealism
  • John Locke Versus Socrates in Ideas Concerning Just Society: Analytical Essay.
  • Violence and Nonviolence Movements: Critical Analysis. Critical Review of Interview with Adams: Issues of War and Pacifism.
  • Analytical Essay on Ethical Relativism.

Also, Read – Thought-Provoking Argumentative Essay Topics for You to Explore

Interesting Philosophy Essay Topics

  • What are the main aspects of Stoicism?
  • The world of cinema: objective versus subjective.
  • Is there an end to technology’s development?
  • Do we learn based on the legacy provided by the family?
  • What are our modern perception of anti-utopia and the link of technology?
  • Are single-family children more caring?
  • What is the human link to Mother Nature?
  • Is love only based on chemical reactions?
  • Would people commit crimes if we did not have punishment?
  • Does religion change the way people approach science?

Interesting Philosophy Essay Topics for Writing

  • Is it important to promote the concept of nuclear family?
  • Discuss the things that are truly subjective in life
  • Human rights and their significance
  • Ethical issues arise in abortion
  • Discuss the philosophy behind religious practices
  • Utilitarianism versus Deontology
  • Discuss the philosophy of Nihilism
  • The Importance of Respect for Others.
  • The Future of Pacifism. Connection of Morality with Function of a Human Being.
  • Building a Just Society Through God’s Love.

Plato Essay Topics

  • An ideal world through the prism of Plato.
  • The similarities between Plato and Aristotle.
  • A comparison of Plato’s philosophy versus Christian metaphysics.
  • The role of literary devices in Plato’s philosophy.
  • The central beliefs of Socrates versus Plato’s analytical approach.
  • Plato’s Republic: moral and subjective views.
  • Analysis of Plato’s Theory of Forms.
  • Explain different forms of the good according to Plato’s Republic
  • Examine the role of Plato and Aristotle in classical German philosophy.
  • What was the influence of other philosophers on the ideas of Plato?
  • Discuss the role of God in the philosophy of Plato
  • Plato and the Allegory of the Caves
  • Lessons one can learn from the Plato’s book ‘The Apology’

Captivating Philosophy Essay Topics

  • The philosophy of love in Buddhism.
  • The philosophy of Marxism.
  • How does payment affect satisfaction based on what a person does?
  • Can happiness be approached without a social group?
  • Personality formation and environmental science.
  • A definition of true friendship on social media.
  • Why do people participate in volunteering?
  • The sources of determinism.
  • A genetic aspect of moral perception.
  • Love and affection: do we learn from it?

Captivating Philosophy Essay Topics for Assignments

  • The phenomenon of eternity.
  • Emotional aspect in legislation.
  • The challenges of free will.
  • The philosophy of Apartheid.
  • Spiritual medical practices.
  • Why do people start wars?
  • What forces children to lie?
  • Do we truly have a right to free speech?
  • Are moral choices objective?
  • The role of digital platforms and their negative effect on human philosophy.

Philosophy Essay Topics on Worldview

  • The role of a cultural mindset and globalization.
  • Are we alone in the universe?
  • The origins of consumerism in American society.
  • Communism versus Capitalism.
  • The value of knowledge and reading of books.
  • The role of Platonic realism.
  • Feminism and idealism through the lens of behavioral
  • Future perspectives and technology.
  • An average perception of the world by the middle school child.
  • The role of the grandparents in our outlook on life.

Practical Philosophy Essay Topics

  • The definition of truth online.
  • The philosophy of peaceful protests.
  • An application of medieval philosophy in literature.
  • The anti-vaccination philosophy.
  • The philosophy of eco-friendliness and the controversies.
  • The definition of modern romance.
  • The Black Lives Matter social movement philosophy.
  • Why are people afraid of changes in the times of technology?
  • How can a person remain objective with the plethora of information we process today?
  • The role of Twitter in political processes.

Transcendentalism Essay Topics

  • The most famous Transcendentalists of the 21st century.
  • Feminism and the lack of changes to women’s rights.
  • Is there such a thing as American Transcendentalism?
  • How did social protest change since the 1920s?
  • The attitude to people with autism and other learning difficulties.
  • How do people in different cultures perceive nurturing of children?
  • The role and effect of remote education for children.
  • The philosophy that impacted the elimination of slavery.
  • Henry David Thoreau: how do his ideas apply to the 2021’s state of things?

Enlightenment Essay Topics

  • How did political songs affect education?
  • Voltaire and censorship.
  • The understanding of the Universe.
  • The pros and cons of individualism.
  • The reflection of skepticism in the literature of the 18th century.
  • How did people approach happiness in the Age of Enlightenment?
  • The access to information and the burned books.
  • The role of reason and intellectual development in the late 17th century.
  • Freedom through the lens of love and prosperity.
  • The role of power in the Age of Enlightenment.

Amazing Philosophy Essay Topics

  • How can life be without news and information?
  • Can someone love and hate at the same time?
  • The impacts of the Western philosophical tradition
  • What fosters good judgment in the life of a man?
  • Should boys and girls learn distinctively?
  • Does the weather affect the mood of women?
  • Do controversies indeed exist?
  • The role of education in fostering rationality and logic
  • Discuss the relationship between humanity, divinity, and creativity.
  • Is it reasonable to be proud after accomplishing something?

Incredible Philosophy Essay Topics

  • What is the link between genetics and human personalities?
  • Examine the freedom teenagers should have.
  • Examine the importance of preserving cultural heritage.
  • Determine if thoughts can exist without language.
  • Explain if it is possible to bridge the gap between the poor and the rich in society.
  • What are the issues and principles of ethics in psychotherapy?
  • Explain the definition and problems related to informed consent.
  • Examine conscience and its key features.
  • Point out the difference between unethical and ethical marketing.
  • Explain the link between ethics and aesthetics in axiology.

Philosophy Essay Topics for Exam

  • Highlight the main features of empiricism.
  • Explain the critical attributes of Pietism.
  • Explain how Martin Luther’s theology impacted Europe.
  • Define the concept of “logos” in different philosophies.
  • Explain the concepts of divine providence and sin.
  • Define the idea of “becoming” in atomism.
  • What is the relationship between the doctrine of Pythagoreans and Mathematics?
  • Discuss the ethics behind the application of Bitcoin and other digital currencies.
  • Discuss ethical issues surrounding organ transplant
  • Define patriotism and explain why it should be a virtue.

Excellent Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Define the term mentally conscious and how it applies to human life.
  • What is the most crucial attribute to gain human knowledge?
  • Is it possible to provide help to a stranger without doubting their intentions?
  • Which is more important, to be loved by someone or to love someone?
  • Investigate why our superstitions and cultural myths about life and death are important.
  • Explain whether achieving self-development has anything to do with self-esteem.
  • A case study of the psychology behind cheap products and their quality.
  • Elaborate if philosophy is the ultimate answer to all questions in life.
  • Discuss how the feminine gender was in ancient Greece.
  • Examine whether getting information out of the outer world is real.
  • Explain the key differences between Freudism and Marxism.
  • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of committing suicide.
  • What are the ethical issues around using embryos in genetic engineering research?
  • Is feminism opposed to religion?
  • Explain why some individuals live life without feeling alive.
  • Define a perfect life and explain what keeps people from living it.
  • What impact does the belief in God have on humans?
  • How are war and peace interrelated to each other?
  • Is death the beginning of something new or the final point of human life?
  • Define the concept of Supernatural and highlight any proof of its existence.
  • Find a source of genuine inspiration. Your lack of motivation for the subject will always be apparent.
  • Select a particular philosophical school as your methodology.
  • Continue to read the writings of many philosophers and study them.
  • The social movement’s “Black Lives Matter” ethos.
  • With the volume of information we now process, how is it possible for someone to maintain objectivity?
  • The macho idea as it relates to the ideology of feminine dress.
  • The benefits and drawbacks of sporting competition: a philosophical perspective.
  • Should people have the ability to self-govern in legal matters?
  • The function of digital platforms and how they affect human philosophy negatively.
  • What compels kids to lie?

Latest Philosophy Essay Topics

  • Do we learn first through experience or through the ongoing processing of information?
  • What kind of ideology encourages individuals to gamble?
  • The masculine idea as it relates to the ideology of feminine dress.
  • A type of nurturing is being cruel to younger siblings.
  • An ordinary middle schooler’s perspective on the world.
  • The importance of education and book reading.
  • Behavioral science seen through the prism of feminism and idealism.

Final Words

By choosing any topic from the list of philosophy essay topic ideas suggested in this blog post, you can write a top-scoring essay or research. Also, when writing your philosophy essay, make sure to follow the essential writing tips mentioned above. Remember, you can effortlessly score top grades if you choose a unique philosophy essay topic and write an effective paper by presenting all the major points with supporting evidence.

Do you still struggle to find the right philosophy essay topic? Are you confused about how to craft a detailed philosophy essay? No worries! Reach out to us and take philosophy assignment help immediately from our team of professional writers who are masters in writing academic research papers and essays on the top philosophy topics.

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  24. 200 Awesome Philosophy Essay Topics to Earn an A+ Grade

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