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Make in India Essay for Students in English [500 Words Essay]

January 4, 2021 by Sandeep

Essay on Make in India: The Narendra Modi government launched a prestigious campaign on 25th of September, 2014 called “Make in India”. The campaign was a huge call out to all prospective investors to effectively start their investment ventures in any field, any sector on the Indian soil. It was an attractive campaign for global investors to look for enduring proposals in India. Foreign investors could set up units here owing to the huge business investments open in our country.

Essay on Make in India 500 Words in English

Below we have provided Make in India Essay in English, suitable for class 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10.

Our Prime Minister Narendra Modi initiated the Make in India project on 25th September 2014. The government launched it to boost domestic manufacturing which contributes approximately 16% of the GDP and aim is to achieve up to 25% by 2022. The project determines to focus on twenty-five sectors of the economy such as mining, automobile, electronics etc. in doing so; such a progressive step will enhance foreign exchange and improve employee benefits.

Moreover, it also aims at minimalizing imports of various products to mitigate the cost of the trade deficit. Hence our exports will increase exponentially and bring the latest technology into the country. The sign of this campaign is a lion with several mechanical wheels. The lion depicts perseverance and intelligence. The paramount principle this project follows is to encourage foreign companies to invest in India and manufacture products in India. Due to decreasing employment opportunities in the nation, the problem of unemployment proliferated, and the complexity of business and investment compelled business people to leave the country.

During such time, make in India project proved to be a milestone. It serves as a blessing to the production sector, thus bringing prosperity to the economy. With a vision to be self-sufficient, the investments from foreign countries are persuaded on a larger scale to set up new factories and job opportunities for the people. This will augment the production of affordable goods and simultaneously emerge as a major exporting country. Furthermore, the government has made several amendments regarding the rules and regulations in doing business.

Apart from this, such initiative will have linkage to other industries like start-up India, digital India and skill India. Also, there will be a single-window clearance to guide first-time investors. The campaign has already proved to be a considerable success, and if it moves at a steady pace, it will transform India into a vast manufacturing hub and upgrade our economy. MAKE IN INDIA: A DREAM COME TRUE FOR YOUNG ENTREPRENEUR

10 Lines Essay on Make in India

  • Make in India is a kind of Swadeshi campaign launched on 25th September 2014.
  • It was initiated by the new Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi during the 68th Independence Day of India.
  • The logo of the project is a lion on the prowl, made with cogs.
  • The key phrase of the campaign is “Zero Defects, Zero Effect.”
  • The mission falls under the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion.
  • The campaign aims at improving employment opportunities and focuses on the manufacturing sector.
  • Moreover, the project encourages foreign investors to invest in India.
  • The Prime Minister wants to make India self-sufficient and economically progressive.
  • The government has also started an online website to get the detail information on the same.
  • Make in India proved to be a successful attempt, and hence many other schemes were launched after that.
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Make in India Essay

The Make in India initiative aims to start domestic manufacturing of various goods instead of importing them from other countries. This scheme will give the people of India more opportunities to improve their skills and abilities. The campaign concentrated on 25 industries to increase investments and job possibilities. Here are a few sample essays on "Make in India".

Make in India Essay

100 Words Essay On Make In India

India experienced a severe economic crisis in 2013 when the developing market collapsed, and the growth rate sharply decreased. Investors from over the world were thinking about investing in India. On September 25, 2014, our prime minister, Narendra Modi, founded the "Make in India" initiative. A request for investment in India is being made to the best business investors around the world. All investors have an excellent opportunity to launch their businesses in any industry, anywhere in the nation. This attractive campaign includes creative recommendations for foreign enterprises to establish manufacturing facilities in India. The Make In India campaign can help the country's economy reach a new height and solve various social issues.

200 Words Essay On Make In India

The Indian government's Make in India campaign is centred on creating efficient physical infrastructure. Further, it was intended to extend the nation's digital network market and become a hub for international trade.

3 Is | Make in India is the promotion of foreign investment such that it brings the latest technology, increases the scope of knowledge, and promotes research and development. Thus, make in India focuses on 3Is, which are infrastructure, investment and innovation.

Focus On 25 Sectors | The campaign focused on 25 sectors to increase investments and job opportunities. The development of these 25 sectors will contribute to the nation's economy growing more quickly.

Logo | The logo for the “Make In India” mission shows a lion with wheels encompassing every inch of its body. It represents development, sturdiness, and intelligence.

Objective | This initiative's objective is to increase foreign investment in the country. This will facilitate the establishment of international corporations in India. 15% of the country's GDP comes from manufacturing. By 2022, the campaign aims to boost the manufacturing sector's GDP contribution by 25%.

In India, both unemployment and poverty rates are high. By creating new job opportunities, the "Make in India" initiative aims to reduce poverty and the unemployment rate in the country. The initiative also emphasises the growth of Indian people in rural areas.

500 Words Essay On Make In India

The "Make in India" campaign strives to promote India as a place where international investments can be made and a global hub for manufacturing, design, and innovation. The "Make in India" project encourages entrepreneurship in the nation and the manufacturing sector.

The "Make in India" initiative aims to turn India into a manufacturing centre. This campaign's primary goal is to require that everything sold everywhere in the world be made in India. Both domestic and international businesses can perform the manufacturing. This project aims to increase global investment in the country as well. This will make it easier for multinational corporations to establish operations in India.

The day following the Mars Mission, when Indian prime minister, Narendra Modi, had to leave for his first visit to the USA, this campaign was started. Indian government created this programme to improve India's manufacturing sector, which will undoubtedly help the country's economy.

Support For Investors

The Indian government is working hard to minimise any form of burden on investors. A specialised team has been set up and is prepared to respond to any questions from business organisations via the website (makeinindia.com). To reply to individual inquiries within 72 hours, there is also a back-end support team.

Advantages Of Make In India

Most of the raw materials needed to manufacture various items are readily available in our nation. By advocating this plan, the resource will only be used appropriately in our country.

This plan will strengthen the economy of our country.

Creating as many employment options for Indian nationals as possible is one of the critical goals of the Make in India campaign.

Boosting economic growth to raise GDP.

The inflow of FDI will increase, strengthening the rupee.

Small manufacturers will benefit significantly if foreign investors invest in them.

Disadvantages Of Make In India

The ecology will suffer significantly due to the growth of new industries. It will degrade the quality of water, air, and soil of the country.

The agricultural industry might get ignored as a result. Less attention would be paid to agricultural activity.

Small enterprises might lose a lot of money. They will compete more fiercely with foreign investor firms.

Since no one wants to encourage competitors, this will undoubtedly ruin relations with nations that have already established themselves in the same industry.

Examples Of Execution

A few examples of how "Make in India" came into action are discussed below.

In January 2015, Samsung Mobile Company CEO Hyun Chil Hong met MSME Minister Kalraj Mishra and discussed potential collaborations and the company's Noida facility.

In February 2015, HUAWEI inaugurated its Research and Development Campus in Bengaluru, and Hitachi discussed investing in India and stated they could set up shop there. Along with this, he discussed how the Chennai government had approved the construction of a telecom hardware plant in Chennai.

In February 2015, XIAOMI Mobile Company suggested working with the Andhra Pradesh government.

In August 2015, Lenovo announced that production of its Motorola mobile phones had begun at a facility close to Chennai.

In December 2015, VIVO Mobile Company, which employed 2200 employees, began producing its mobile devices in Noida.

When the Japanese Prime Minister visited India in December 2015, he donated 12 lakh crores of Japanese money to the Make in India initiative.

The scheme Make in India will help in developing the country in various ways. The proper execution of policy will slowly eradicate the problem of poverty and unemployment in our country.

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Make in India Essay

“Make in India” was launched by the Government of India on 25 th September 2014. As the name suggests, it calls on industries, entrepreneurs and small business houses to set up their manufacturing facilities within India. Within a year, after the launch of program, India surpassed USA and China in terms of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with $60.1 Billion. Make in India campaign primarily covers 25 sectors of economy like automobiles, biotechnology, aviation, chemicals and defence exports etc.

Inspired by the Make in India initiative, may state governments have also launched their own programs like “Vibrant Gujarat”, “Happening Haryana”, “Make in Odisha”, “Magnetic Maharashtra”, and “Tamil Nadu Global Investors Meet” etc. Since the launch of Make in India campaign, India has moved up in the ranks of ease of doing business. The campaign is expected to bring more investments on Indian soil resulting in unprecedented economic growth.

Long and Short Essay on Make in India in English

We have provided variety of essay on make in India in order to help students as they generally get assigned for writing essay in their classrooms, during exams, or any competition.

All the make in India essay are written using very simple words under various words limits according to the needs and requirements of the students of different class standard.

Essay or paragraph writing competitions are generally held in the schools or colleges in order to improve the skill level of students on various topics.

Make in India Essay 1 (100 words)

Make in India campaign is a new plan launched by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, to give foreign investors a chance to invest in India in number of businesses. It is an initiative campaign run by the Government of India to cheer up multinational companies as well as domestic companies at national and international level in order to manufacture products in India. It is the effort made by the PM to bring employment in India. This campaign was launched by the Prime Minister on 25 th of September in 2014 at the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.

Make in India

Make in India Essay 2 (150 words)

Make in India is a campaign launched by the PM, Narendra Modi, which facilitates all the big business investors worldwide who want to do business in India. This programme was launched in 2014 on 25 th of September by the PM at the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. It is a big step taken by the government of India to reduce the level of unemployment faced by the youths of the country. This campaign was launched a day after the Mars mission when PM was to go on his first visit to the USA as prime minister of India.

The aim of launching this campaign in India is to make India a world level manufacturing powerhouse which will definitely help in solving the biggest issue of Indian economy. This initiative was launched with new deals for foreign investors successfully in New Delhi with the top industrialists of India including Mukesh Ambani (Reliance Industries chairman), Azim Premji (Wipro chairman), etc.

Make in India Essay 3 (200 words)

Make in India campaign was launched on 25 th of September in 2014 in the New Delhi at Vigyan Bhawan. This campaign is to lead India towards an effective destination as well as grow the Indian economy ahead. It provides a successful track of employment to the youths of country which will surely help in reducing the poverty level and other social issues in India.

Make in India is a call to the top investors all across the world by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, that come to India and grow your business by manufacturing products here. The PM of India said to investors that no matter in whatever country you sell your products however you should manufacture in India. Youths of the India have enough talent, skill, discipline, and determination to get the goal.

Make in India campaign provides all the top investors a favorable opportunity to come in India and invest in businesses from electrical to electronics, from automobiles to agro value addition, from satellite to submarine, etc. At the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi, PM made an announcement regarding make in India plan to boost economy in the presence of top businessmen such as Mukesh Ambani, Kumar Mangalam Birla, Cyrus Mistry, Azim Premji, etc.

Make in India Essay 4 (250 words)

Make in India is an ambitious campaign launched by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 th of September in 2014 in New Delhi. The purpose of launching this campaign is to make India a destination of global manufacturing hub. In order to make this campaign a successful one, the PM of India met to the top 40 CEOs of several Fortune 500 companies. This plan was launched in the presence of top CEOs from India Inc, ambassadors, international industry leaders, ministers, government officials, etc.

This campaign has targeted to make a call to top companies of well identified countries. Some selected domestic companies who are leading in the field of innovation and new technologies have also been invited. There is a special unit in the Commerce Ministry named “Invest India” which helps in guiding all the top foreign investors in terms of regulatory and policy issues as well as assists in obtaining the regulatory clearances.

The government of India is making a huge effort in order to reduce any type of burden on the investors. There is an arrangement of a dedicated team ready to answer all the queries from business entities through the web portal (makeinindia.com). There is a back-end support team also in order to response specific queries within 72 hours of duration. Almost 25 key sectors (such as aviation, chemicals, IT, automobiles, textiles, ports, pharmaceuticals, leather, hospitality, tourism, wellness, railways, etc) have been identified by the government to work for the investors and become a world leader.

Make in India Essay 5 (300 words)

The Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi has launched an initiative named Make in India on 25 th of September, 2014 in New Delhi. The aim of this campaign is to provide India an economic global recognition. While launching the programme, PM said that investors should take it as an opportunity and not as market in India. This campaign aimed to renew an Indian economy from services-driven growth model to the labour-intensive manufacturing-driven growth. A successful implementation of the programme will be the reason of employment for more than 10 million people in India. This is an effective plan which will attract top foreign companies to set up their business here in India.

In order to attract foreign capital, there has been made huge changes in the defense manufacturing and insurance sectors, however according to the analyst it needs to do in more effective manner. More employment in the country will boost the purchasing power of common man. India is a country having unique combination of demography, democracy, and demand which can benefit the investors.

Because of the lack of resources and clarity on policy issues, Indian businessmen too were planning to quit India and set up their business somewhere else. If this happen, will cause more poor economy. Make in India campaign with various effective resources will draw the attention of worldwide top businessmen to invest in India for any related business. In order to avoid the compulsion of Indian businesses to another country, PM has launched this attractive plan. The dream of PM Narendra Modi

is to make this country free of unemployment by bringing development and growth-oriented employment through his effective governance. Poverty in India can be reduced to a great level by solving the unemployment issue for youths which in turn may solve various social issues.

Make in India Essay 6 (400 words)

Make in India campaign was launched in new Delhi by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 th of September in 2014. It is an initiative to make a call to the top business investors all across the world (national or international) to invest in India. It is a big opportunity to all the investors to set up their business (manufacturing, textiles, automobiles, production, retail, chemicals, IT, ports, pharmaceuticals, hospitality, tourism, wellness, railways, leather, etc) in any field in the country. This attractive plan has resourceful proposals for the foreign companies to set up manufacturing powerhouses in India.

Make in India campaign launched by the Indian government focuses on building the effective physical infrastructure as well as improving the market of digital network in the country to make it a global hub for business (ranging from satellites to submarines, cars to softwares, pharmaceuticals to ports, paper to power, etc). The symbol (derived from national emblem of India) of this initiative is a giant lion having many wheels (indicates peaceful progress and way to the vibrant future). A giant walking lion with many wheels indicates the courage, strength, tenacity and wisdom. The page of Make In India on the Facebook has crossed more than 120K likes and its twitter followers are more than 13K within few months of launching date.

This national program is designed to transform the country into a global business hub as it contains attractive proposals for top local and foreign companies. This campaign focuses on creating number of valuable and honored jobs as well as skill enhancement in almost 25 sectors for improving the status of youths of the country. The sectors involved are automobiles, chemicals, IT & BPM, aviation, pharmaceuticals, construction, electrical machinery, food processing, defense manufacturing, space, textiles, garments, ports, leather, media and entertainment, wellness, mining, tourism and hospitality, railways, automobile components, renewable energy, mining, bio-technology, roads and highways, electronics systems and thermal power.

The successful implementation of this plan will help in the 100 smart cities project and affordable housing in India. The main objective is to ensure solid growth and valuable employment creation in the country with the help of top investors. It will benefit both parties, the investors and our country. The government of India has created a dedicated help team and an online portal (makeinindia.com) for the easy and effective communication of investors. A dedicated cell is committed to answer all the queries from business entities anytime.

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Make in India Essay for Students and Children

Mansi Agarwal

  • March 22, 2021
  • Latest News

Table of Contents

Essay on Make in  India

This campaign is launched by the Indian government to increase the chance of investment and product manufacturing in India by the various companies domestic as well as international.

Due to this recent initiative in India, it has become a big sensation. And this is being done on a great scale, a lot of private and government schools in India are creating awareness about this campaign by asking students to write essay on make in india in english and hindi languages or in their mother tongues.

So students, if you are looking for information on Make in India topic, you will find all the detailed information right here on our website. We have covered in detail the following topics -History of Make in India, Sectors Covered by Make in India Campaign, Make in India Vision & Objective, What is Smart Cities?, Features of Smart Cities, Make in India Advantages, Disadvantages of Make in India Campaign, and the Make in India Campaign Launch. You can use this information for your own Essay.

History of Make in India

Make in India is a concept that isn’t new to our country. It had been in practice since the time of the existence of our father of nation Mahatma Gandhi. During the era of revolution, where our entire country was fighting for its freedom from Britishers the same movement was started all over the country initiated by Mahatma Gandhi called as “SWADESHI” movement where he asked our countrymen to boycott can and everything of Britishers and use our own products and goods.

The same Swadeshi was the need of the hour in present situation and hence was brought back in power by our prime minister. Make in India program supports 25 sectors of Economy of our country. The idea behind the “Make in India” program was to make our country self dependent and self reliant. The prime minister refused the idea of importing goods. He wished that we should be independent enough to make and produce enough for ourselves. To make India a self manufacturing hub this idea came into existence and was promoted with great enthusiasm. It also gave job opportunities to various unemployed. The impact of the success of the program could be seen when Indian economy shifted a step ahead at became 5 th largest economy of the world overtaking the economy of France.

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Sectors Covered by Make in India Campaign

Though we have seen Make in India program has been launched yet it hasn’t yet covered all the sectors. A few sectors that had been overtaken by it are:

  • Automobiles
  • Automobile components
  • Construction
  • Biotechnology
  • Defence exports
  • Defence manufacturing
  • Electronic systems
  • Electronic machinery
  • Food processing
  • Oil and gas
  • Entertainment and media
  • Pharmaceuticals etc.

Make in India Vision & Objective

Make in India was also brought in with a vision of development of skills and built up the best and classy infrastructure for our country. The aim was to see India as one of the developed and not as a developing in the near future. Availability of modern and facilitating infrastructure is one of the most important requirements for the development and growth of industry as well as our country. Keeping this in mind Smart cities was to be built to enhance our nation.

What is Smart Cities? 

Now arises the question of what a smart city exactly is?

Well there is no standard of a smart city which could be given or understood. It depends on the understanding and perception of the people and varies from city to city and country to country. The only need of a city to be smart is that its people should be willing to change and reform. They should be eager to resort to something that’s better leaving behind their norms and stereotypes. A smart city would be termed as one if it has amazing people with best of understanding, best infrastructure, best management resources, solution to all problems be it medical or relating to pollution, people adhering to network for their work, a digitalized form of anything and everything. An automation of all kinds in a city makes it smart.

Features of smart cities

Some typical features that a government is willing to see in a city to term it as smart are:

  • Smart agriculture- mixed use of land that is useful land could be used for cultivation whereas unused for industry development. Not giving the useful land for development and establishment of industries. Promoting afforestation seeing it as the need of the hour alongside avoiding deforestation.
  • Creation of localities those are walk able- eliminating pollution to the greatest extent possible, reduce congestion, creating parks and open spaces.
  • Governing should become people friendly. People should rely on network for every service provided to them it should as well be cost effective.
  • The plans are to avoid personal cars till we reach 2022 and major part of the population to travel through the cars connecting networks, it being both secure and cost effective.

Smart cities is a smart idea of the government still it has to face a lot of challenges before it gets accomplished in its truest sense. The biggest of which would be our people. The audience needs to shaken out of their revives and need to accept the idea of evolution and redevelopment. To accomplish this program government needs people who actively participate and help accomplish it.

Short Essay on Make in India Campaign

The idea was also supported by a thought of investing in technology. The entire nation is moving towards the technologies like Artificial intelligence and Internet of things. In such scenarios the government needs young and talented mind which would help us upgrade and adapt those changes and government in turn can provide employment to those youngsters. It’s a basic notion of the people to move abroad if they need growth in their career. To remove the same from the minds of the people and helping those growing in their career this idea has been brought in.

The government has introduced the programme “Make in India” with a hope to provide employment to millions of unemployed in India. The programme may play a major role in “domestic creation”. We all know how things in India instead of being made are imported and used at a very high rate. People prefer things imported to things made here in their own country. This preference has been a reason why rate of production in India has decreased over the years.

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The programme aims to make India a leading manufacturer in various fields among different countries. The programme not only promises growth in employment but also in the economy of the country. The programme covers almost all the sectors from construction to pottery. One such example was seen during the festival of Diwali when Prime Minister Mr.Modi requested the people of India to give up on China lights that they used to decorate their houses and use Diyas made by the potters. The idea gave an opportunity to the potters to earn.  The other biggest example of swadeshi is Patanjali. Patanjali in India is no more a brand; it’s a symbol of the country. The economic growth of clearly showcases how people have readily accepted the idea of boycotting goods of foreign and resorting to Indian based products. There are hardly a few areas that patanjali hasn’t covered in its product manufacturing among which are automobiles and apparels. The products that patanjali manufactures are:

  • Food (wheat, rice, snacks, noodles etc.)

And it is said in the recent news that it’s going to launch the range of apparels really soon.

Make in India isn’t just a program it’s a dream, dream to make India not less than abroad. But a few things that need to change to begin with are:

  • People should follow traffic rules: if people are able to follow something as small as traffic rules, following even bigger rules would be much easier. Also it would clearly avoid the problem of traffic jams.
  • People need to stop spitting anywhere on the roadsides: this simple step from the people would greatly help the government in its “Swach bharat abhyaan” which is a very much part of “make in India” program.
  • Corruption should be stopped: people blaming the government for corruption should stop right there because that isn’t in the hands of government. It’s them who are the sole owner of this problem. They need to stop heeding to such horrendous requests of officers and not give donations and money for illegal reasons.

Examples of Make in India

Make in India can be seen at various places. Some of the facts pertaining to the same are:

  • According to the news 160 airports are being renovated and operationalized altogether. The Air traffic inhouse has increased by 18% which has lead to an economic growth of 17.5%
  • Exports in aerospace and defence have increased significantly from 298 million USD to 720 million USD.
  • Manufacture all over the country has significantly risen along with the demand for the products that are made inside the country.

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Make in India Advantages

The advantages of Make in India are:

  • Develops job opportunities. The sectors which came under the radar of this scheme were telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, tourism etc. which would promise job and different new opportunities to the upcoming generation. It will also encourage new and innovative ideas which would lead the country to the path of success.
  • Increasing the value of Rupee in the international market. When India would become a hub of manufacturing products it will give a rise to the country’s economy which in turn would automatically strength the Rupee against the dollar that prevails as a master in the international market.
  • Development of India’s rural areas. A development of factory or a industry would surely result in development of the locals of the area. The quality of peoples will enhance along with the growing employment. The area would be well-flourished with basic amenities like schools, hospitals etc.

Disadvantages of Make in India Campaign

But as it is a well-known fact that everything has its pros and cons, to achieve something one needs to loose other things, similarly besides the advantages “Make in India” also has its own disadvantages.

Some of them are:

  • Depletion of natural resources: setting up of industries and factories require a lot of land area due to which cutting down of tress takes place. This leads to depletion of natural resources. There may also be projects which may require water or other natural resources on a very large scale this leads to exploitation of natural resources.
  • Negligence of Agriculture: Agriculture that has been a source of income to million since millions of years would be neglected. Introduction of industries and requirement of land would lead to shortage of cultivable land in India and would have the most negative impact on agriculture.
  • Pollution: the first and foremost problem that needs to be dealt with is pollution. India is already a polluted country and establishment of factories would only result in increase of pollution which would only make India more polluted and a country not worth living. Thus a cure for pollution needs to be found out before taking a step ahead on “make in India” programme.

Make in India Campaign Launch

Make in India Campaign was launched by PM Modi in order to do investment from foreign investors in India as well as to increase the employment level of the country.

Make in India Live

India is the largest democracy in the world and also has the second highest population in the world with 1.25 billion people. People in India face many problems in their daily life. India is also affected by illiteracy, unemployment, falling male-female ratio, corruption, poverty, lack of health, education and hygiene facilities. From last few years, the scenario is changing. Many initiatives have been started by the Government of India and Prime Minister of India Mr Narendra Modi to face those problems. Campaigns and schemes like Digital India Campaign, Swaccha Bharat Abhiyaan, Beti Bachao-Beti Padhao campaign, Make in India campaign, National Literacy Mission Programme,  Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana and many more are initiated to face the problems faced by India.

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Make in India is an initiative launched by the Government of India to encourage multinational, as well as national companies to manufacture their products in India. It was the part of a wider set of nation-building initiatives.

It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014. The main objective make in India initiative is to focus on job creation and skill enhancement in various sectors of the economy and it also aims at high-quality standards and minimizing the impact on the environment. The initiative hopes to attract capital and technological investment in India. Make in India campaign focuses on 25 industries. Some of them are Automobiles, Oil and Gas, Aviation, Chemicals, Railways, Mining, Pharmaceuticals, Electronics, Food Processing and other industries. ‘Make in Maharashtra’ is an initiative started by the Government of Maharashtra state on the sidelines of the Make in India initiative whose main objective is to create a business-friendly atmosphere in Maharashtra by increasing ease of doing business as much as possible.

A “ Make in India Week ” event was held at the MMRDA Grounds at the Bandra-Kurla Complex in Mumbai from 13 February 2016. The week long multi-sectoral industrial was attended by 2500+ international and 8000+ domestic, foreign government delegations from 68 countries and business teams from 72 countries. 17 Indian states, mostly BJP-ruled, also held expos. At the close of the event, DIPP Secretary Amitabh Kant stated that it had received over ₹15.2 lakh crore worth of investment commitments and investment inquiries worth ₹1.5 lakh crore. Maharashtra led all other states receiving ₹8 lakh crore of investments.With the rising demand for electronic hardware by 2020, India has the potential to become an electronic manufacturing hub.

In making public relation “Zero Defect Zero Effect” is a slogan coined by Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi which signifies production mechanisms wherein products have no defects and the process through which product is made has zero adverse environmental and ecological effects.The slogan also aims to prevent products developed from India from being rejected by the global market.Aarisa Pitha of Jharkhand, Gushtaba of Kashmir, Chicken Curry of Punjab, Khakhra and Khandvi of Gujarat, Bamboo Steam Fish, Vada and Medhu Vada of Karnataka, Khaja and Inarsa of Bihar and Kebab of Uttar Pradesh and Puran poli of Maharashtra have been selected as traditional regional food to be promoted in the campaign.

“Come make in India. Sell anywhere, [but] make in India .” Prime Minister Narendra Modi said while introducing his vision to the public. And it seems that the world is more than ready to embrace this vision, which is already set on a path to become a reality

The 35th edition of the India International Trade Fair (IITF) held at Pragati Maidan in November 2015, had Make in India as its theme.

This national program is designed to transform the country into a global business hub as it contains attractive proposals for top local and foreign companies. This campaign focuses on creating number of valuable and honored jobs as well as skill enhancement in almost 25 sectors for improving the status of youths of the country. The sectors involved are automobiles, chemicals, IT & BPM, aviation, pharmaceuticals, construction, electrical machinery, food processing, defence manufacturing, space, textiles, garments, ports, leather, media and entertainment, wellness, mining, tourism and hospitality, railways, automobile components, renewable energy, mining, biotechnology, roads and highways, electronics systems and thermal power.

The urgent need of eradicating the poverty and the investment in all the sectors of the India so that the India can develop . We can remove the poverty word from India by giving employment to the youth as many of the Indian youth is under unemployment in this way he country GDP will grow and can help solving the major problems of India. Many social issues happening round the country will be solved by this.

The successful implementation of this plan will help in the 100 smart cities project and affordable housing in India. The main objective is to ensure solid growth and valuable employment creation in the country with the help of top investors. It will benefit both parties, the investors and our country. The government of India has created a dedicated help team and an online portal (makeinindia.com) for the easy and effective communication of investors. A dedicated cell is committed to answering all the queries from business entities anytime.

FAQs Related to Make in India

Q) What are the things which only happens in India?

There are some points which you can add in your ‘Make in India’ essay too things which only happens in India:

  • A brilliant IAS officer writes a 1500 words amazing essay on ‘how Dowry is a social evil’ and impressively they crack the exam and after 1 year they itself ask a dowry from the girl because he is an IAS officer.
  • People kill to there own daughter at womb just because of the seek for neighbor’s daughter for ‘Kanya Puja’.
  • It’s ok to do piss in public but it is not ok to do kiss in public.
  • Only the country who is fighting for backward.

Q) What are the tips for writing the best essay on ‘Make in India’?

If you get a question for writing an essay on ‘Make in India’ in your exam then follow below steps for writing the best essay on this topic:

  • First of all, you can add in the starting of an Essay that ‘How to Make in India’ started.
  • Secondly, add ‘How government transforms to make this real for the better future of India.
  • Also, write that is Make in India is making any improvement for the growth of India in comparison to China Manufacture or not.

Q) Please share some top Sectors which are Covered by Make in India Campaign

These are some top sectors which are going to cover by Make in India Campaign.

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Essay on Make in India in English for Children and Students

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Essay on Make in India: “Make in India” was launched by the Government of India on 25 th September 2014. As the name suggests, it calls on industries, entrepreneurs, and small business houses to set up manufacturing facilities within India. Within a year after the launch of the program, India surpassed USA and China in terms of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with $60.1 Billion. Make in India campaign primarily covers 25 sectors of the economy like automobiles, biotechnology, aviation, chemicals, defence exports, etc.

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Inspired by the Make in India initiative, many state governments have also launched their own programs like “Vibrant Gujarat”, “Happening Haryana,” “Make in Odisha,” “Magnetic Maharashtra,” and “Tamil Nadu Global Investors Meet,” etc. Since the Make in India campaign launch, India has moved up in the ranks of ease of doing business. The campaign is expected to bring more investments to Indian soil resulting in unprecedented economic growth.

Long and Short Essay on Make in India in English

We have provided a variety of essays on make in India in order to help students as they generally get assigned to write essays in their classrooms, during exams, or in any competition.

All the Make in India essays are written using very simple words under various word limits according to the needs and requirements of the students of different class standards.

Essay or paragraph writing competitions are generally held in schools or colleges to improve students’ skill levels on various topics.

Make in India Essay 1 (100 words)

Make in India campaign is a new plan launched by the Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi, to give foreign investors a chance to invest in India in a number of businesses. It is an initiative campaign run by the Government of India to cheer up multinational and domestic companies at the national and international levels to manufacture products in India. It is the effort made by the PM to bring employment in India. This campaign was launched by the Prime Minister on the 25 th of September 2014 at the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.

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Make in India Essay 2 (150 words)

Make in India is a campaign launched by the PM, Narendra Modi, which facilitates all the big business investors worldwide who want to do business in India. This programme was launched in 2014 on the 25 th of September by the PM at the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. It is a big step taken by the government of India to reduce the level of unemployment faced by the youths of the country. This campaign was launched a day after the Mars mission when PM was to go on his first visit to the USA as prime minister of India.

The aim of launching this campaign in India is to make India a world-level manufacturing powerhouse which will definitely help in solving the biggest issue of the Indian economy. This initiative was launched with new deals for foreign investors successfully in New Delhi with the top industrialists of India, including Mukesh Ambani (Reliance Industries chairman), Azim Premji (Wipro chairman), etc.

Make in India Essay 3 (200 words)

The Make in India campaign was launched on 25 th September 2014 in New Delhi at Vigyan Bhawan. This campaign is to lead India towards an effective destination as well as grow the Indian economy ahead. It provides a successful track of employment to the youths of the country, which will surely help in reducing the poverty level and other social issues in India.

Make in India is a call to the top investors all across the world by the Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, to come to India and grow their business by manufacturing products here. The PM of India said to investors that no matter in which country you sell your products, you should manufacture in India. Youths of India have enough talent, skill, discipline, and determination to get the goal.

Make in India campaign provides all the top investors a favorable opportunity to come to India and invest in businesses from electrical to electronics, from automobiles to agro value addition, from satellite to submarine, etc. At the Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi, PM made an announcement regarding made in India’s plan to boost the economy in the presence of top businessmen such as Mukesh Ambani, Kumar Mangalam Birla, Cyrus Mistry, Azim Premji, etc.

Make in India Essay 4 (250 words)

Make in India is an ambitious campaign launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the 25 th of September 2014 in New Delhi. The purpose of launching this campaign is to make India a destination of a global manufacturing hub. In order to make this campaign a successful one, the PM of India met with the top 40 CEOs of several Fortune 500 companies. This plan was launched in the presence of top CEOs from India Inc, ambassadors, international industry leaders, ministers, government officials, etc.

This campaign has targeted making a call to top companies of well-identified countries. Some selected domestic companies who are leading in the field of innovation and new technologies have also been invited. A special unit in the Commerce Ministry named “Invest India” helps guide all the top foreign investors in regulatory and policy issues and assists in obtaining regulatory clearances.

The government of India is making a huge effort in order to reduce any type of burden on the investors. There is an arrangement of a dedicated team ready to answer all the queries from business entities through the web portal (makeinindia.com). There is a back-end support team also in order to respond to specific queries within 72 hours of duration. Almost 25 key sectors (such as aviation, chemicals, IT, automobiles, textiles, ports, pharmaceuticals, leather, hospitality, tourism, wellness, railways, etc.) have been identified by the government to work for the investors and become a world leaders.

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Make in India Essay 5 (300 words)

The Prime Minister of India, Shri Narendra Modi, launched an initiative named Make in India on the 25 th of September, 2014 in New Delhi. The aim of this campaign is to provide India an economic global recognition. While launching the programme, PM said that investors should take it as an opportunity, not as India’s market. This campaign aimed to renew the Indian economy from a services-driven growth model to labour-intensive manufacturing-driven growth. Successful implementation of the programme will be the reason for employment for more than 10 million people in India. It is an effective plan which will attract top foreign companies to set up their business here in India.

In order to attract foreign capital, there have been made huge changes in the defense manufacturing and insurance sectors. However, according to the analyst, it needs to be more effective. More employment in the country will boost the purchasing power of the common man. India is a country with a unique combination of demography, democracy, and demand which can benefit the investors.

Because of the lack of resources and clarity on policy issues, Indian businessmen were also planning to quit India and set up their businesses elsewhere. If this happens, it will cause a more poor economy. The Make in India campaign with various effective resources will attract top businessmen worldwide to invest in India for any related business. In order to avoid the compulsion of Indian businesses to another country, PM has launched this attractive plan. PM Narendra Modi’s dream is to free this country from unemployment by bringing development and growth-oriented employment through his effective governance. Poverty in India can be reduced to a great level by solving the unemployment issue for youths which in turn may solve various social issues.

Make in India Essay 6 (400 words)

The Make in India campaign was launched in New Delhi by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on the 25 th of September, 2014. It is an initiative to make a call to the top business investors all across the world (national or international) to invest in India. It is a big opportunity for all the investors to set up their business (manufacturing, textiles, automobiles, production, retail, chemicals, IT, ports, pharmaceuticals, hospitality, tourism, wellness, railways, leather, etc.) in any field in the country. This attractive plan has resourceful proposals for foreign companies to set up manufacturing powerhouses in India.

Make in India campaign launched by the Indian government focuses on building an effective physical infrastructure as well as improving the market of digital networks in the country to make it a global hub for business (ranging from satellites to submarines, cars to software, pharmaceuticals to ports, paper to power, etc.). The symbol (derived from the national emblem of India) of this initiative is a giant lion having many wheels (indicates peaceful progress and a way to a vibrant future). A giant walking lion with many wheels indicates courage, strength, tenacity, and wisdom. The page of Make In India on Facebook has crossed more than 120K likes, and its twitter followers are more than 13K within a few months of its launching date.

This national program is designed to transform the country into a global business hub as it contains attractive proposals for top local and foreign companies. This campaign focuses on creating a number of valuable and honored jobs and skill enhancement in almost 25 sectors to improve the status of the youth of the country. The sectors involved are automobiles, chemicals, IT & BPM, aviation, pharmaceuticals, construction, electrical machinery, food processing, defense manufacturing, space, textiles, garments, ports, leather, media and entertainment, wellness, mining, tourism and hospitality, railways, automobile components, renewable energy, mining, bio-technology, roads and highways, electronics systems and thermal power.

The successful implementation of this plan will help in the 100 smart cities project and affordable housing in India. The main objective is to ensure solid growth and valuable employment creation in the country with the help of top investors. It will benefit both parties, the investors and our country. The government of India has created a dedicated help team and an online portal (makeinindia.com) for investors’ easy and effective communication. A dedicated cell is committed to answering all the queries from business entities anytime.

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Make in India Essay

Make In India Essay | Essay on Make in India for Students and Children in English

Make in India Essay: India’s 68th Independence Day gave a new vision to its citizen by its new Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The vision has created a buzz among all the people and sectors alike. The inspiring vision is seen as the new formula for the success of every individual, every company, and every business. To boost the Indian economy, Prime Minister Narendra Modi coined the term “Make in India”. An initiative to boost manufacturing by easing business processes. It aims at attracting foreign companies to set up factories in India and invest in the country’s infrastructure. In simple terms, Modi is trying to create job opportunities for the huge population.

You can read more  Essay Writing  about articles, events, people, sports, technology many more.

Long and Short Essays on Make In India for Kids and Students in English

Given below are two essays in English for students and children about the topic of ‘ Make In India ’ in both long and short form. The first essay is a long essay on the Make in India of 400-500 words. This long essay about Make in India is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. The second essay is a short essay on Make in India of 150 – 200 words. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below.

Long Essay on Make in India 500 Words in English

Below we have given a long essay on Make in India of 500 words is helpful for classes 7, 8, 9 and 10 and Competitive Exam Aspirants. This long essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 7 to class 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants.

The mission had its origin in the Prime Minister’s Independence Day speech, inviting global companies to pick India to locate factories, promising to replace hurdles with red-carpet welcomes. Make in India, an international marketing campaigning slogan was officially launched on 25 September 2014.

The push for manufacturing could not have come at a better time as today, India needs to grow faster to increase the income level. It will create jobs for over a million people who join the workforce every year. “We at the Tata Group welcome PM Modi’s INJake in India program. It’s an opportunity to make India truly and globally competitive,” was related by Tata group CEO Cyrus Mistry. The perfect logo of the mission is personified by a lion with a mechanical body. Modi exclaimed that the logo is derived from Ashoka Chakra.

The lion in the logo stands for strength and power while the wheels are a sign of development and progress. He further said: “My definition of FDI for the people of India is First Develop India.” While inviting world-class companies to India, Narendra Modi also requested Indian manufacturers not to leave the country and supported that Indian companies too should shine as multinational companies.

On this ITC chairman, YC Deveshwar said: “The boldness of your vision and the simplicity with which you have communicated it is inspiring.” For a fruitful start, the new government has laid guidelines for the progress of the project. Some examples are: reducing the paperwork required for establishing companies and minimising the time required for government approvals, abolishing the Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) from the project cost. Guidelines have been issued for quickening clearances to projects that are approved by state governments.

Policies have been made for the easy transfer of funds while switching jobs anywhere in the country. A dedicated cell has been created to answer queries from business entities through a newly created web portal. These are some mere steps taken while the government, with the help of experts, is trying hard to improve every bit.

Make In India Essay

Short Essay on Make in India 200 Words in English

Below we have given a short essay on Make in India For Classes 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. This short essay on the topic is suitable for students of class 6 and below.

Analysts give the reason as to why the mission could prove beneficial for India: contrasting to farming, which employs nearly 50% of population, but contributes just 1 4% to GDP. The services sector contributes nearly 60% to the economy, but employs just around 27% of workforce. Indian manufacturers are becoming more competitive with respect to their product designs, manufacturing and testing facilities. Additionally, India is the third largest producer of chemicals in Asia and sixth by output, in the world. Through the last four decades, India’s space programme has attracted global attention for its accelerated rate of development.

These few examples support the fact that India has every potential to compete with developed nations. However as a flip side of a coin, there are some challenges too. India’s poor infrastructure and logistics shortfall with inefficient transport networks makes it tough for manufacturing companies to achieve just-in-time production. “The combination of improved transport connectivity and simplified, one point collection of taxation will go a long way in implementing the Prime Minister’s vision of ‘Make in India’,” Deutsche Bank says.

A lot of sectors have been included in the mission some of which are as automobiles, chemicals, construction, ports, railways, space etc. Make in India’s success relies a lot on the fate of the newer companies. But, since its inception, a lot of reputed multinational companies have re-analysed their expansion plans. Narendra Modi is about to give the source, the tool to improve the purchasing power of the common man. The coming together of smart entrepreneurs, employees, infrastructure and know-how could over time become a durable advantage, as had happened in China’s case.

10 Lines to Remember Make in India Essay

  • Boost – advance, improve, enhance
  • Coined – to make, originated, compose
  • Hurdles – barriers, difficulty, problem, obstacle
  • Abolishing – stop, eliminate, put an end to
  • Queries – question, doubt, inquiry
  • Contrasting – compare, weigh against
  • Logistics – the commercial activity of transporting goods to customers –
  • Shortfall – a deficit of something required
  • Relies – depend, entrust
  • Inception – beginning, start
  • IAS Preparation
  • UPSC Preparation Strategy
  • Make In India

Make In India - Initiatives, Aims, Advantages & Challenges [UPSC Notes GS-III]

Make in India is a Government of India scheme launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014 intended to boost the domestic manufacturing sector and also augment investment into the country. This article comprehensively covers details on objectives, schemes & initiatives under it, 25 focus sectors, advantages, challenges, & progress related to the Make in India Scheme.

Aspirants would find this article very helpful while preparing for the IAS Exam .

The government wants to revive the lagging manufacturing sector and spur the growth of the economy. The GOI also intends to encourage businesses from abroad into investing in the country and also manufacture here, by improving the country’s ‘Ease of Doing Business’ index. The long-term vision is to gradually develop India into a global manufacturing hub, and also boost employment opportunities in the country.

The highlights of this scheme are mentioned in the table below:

Make in India is a very important government programme that has under its wing, many other sub-schemes, and programmes. Government schemes are important for the IAS Exam. Candidates can also download the notes PDF at the end of this article.

Make in India Logo

The Make in India logo is a lion. It is a lion’s silhouette filled with cogs. This symbolizes manufacturing, national pride, and strength.

Make in India - Make in India Logo (1)

Make In India – Focus on 25 Sectors

The Make in India website also has listed the 25 focus sectors and also furnished all relevant details about these sectors, and related government schemes, including the FDI policies, IPR, etc. The main sectors (27 sectors) covered under this campaign are given below:

Manufacturing Sectors:

  • Aerospace and Defence
  • Automotive and Auto Components
  • Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices
  • Bio-Technology
  • Capital Goods
  • Textile and Apparels
  • Chemicals and Petro chemicals
  • Electronics System Design and Manufacturing (ESDM)
  • Leather & Footwear
  • Food Processing
  • Gems and Jewellery
  • Construction
  • New and Renewable Energy

Services Sectors:

  • Information Technology & Information Technology enabled Services (IT &ITeS)
  • Tourism and Hospitality Services
  • Medical Value Travel
  • Transport and Logistics Services
  • Accounting and Finance Services
  • Audio Visual Services
  • Legal Services
  • Communication Services
  • Construction and Related Engineering Services
  • Environmental Services
  • Financial Services
  • Education Services

Why Make in India?

There are multiple reasons why the government has chosen to focus on manufacturing. The key ones are discussed below:

  • For the past two decades, India’s growth story seems to have been led by the services sector. This approach paid off in the short-run, and India’s IT and BPO sector saw a huge leap, and India was often dubbed the ‘back office of the world’. However, even though the share of the services sector in the Indian economy rose to 57% in 2013, it contributed to only 28% in the share of employment. So, the manufacturing sector needed to be augmented to boost employment. This is because the services sector currently has low absorption potential considering the demographic dividend in the country.
  • Another reason to launch the campaign is the poor condition of manufacturing in India. The share of manufacturing in the overall Indian economy is only about 15%. This is way lower than our neighbours in East Asia. There is an overall trade deficit when it comes to goods. The trade surplus in services hardly covers one-fifth of India’s trade deficit in goods. The services sector alone cannot hope to answer this trade deficit. Manufacturing will have to chip in. The government is hoping to encourage businesses, both Indian and foreign to invest in manufacturing in India, which will help this sector and also generate employment in both skilled and unskilled levels.
  • To focus on manufacturing is that no other sector seems to have such a huge multiplier effect on economic growth in a country, according to various studies. The manufacturing sector has larger backward linkages and hence, growth in demand in manufacturing spurs growth in other sectors as well. This generates more jobs, investments, and innovation, and generally leads to a higher standard of living in an economy.

Make in India – Initiatives

  • For the first time, the sectors of railways, insurance, defense, and medical devices have been opened up for more Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).
  • The maximum limit in FDI in the defense sector under the automatic route has been raised from 49% to 74%. This increase in FDI was announced by Finance Minister Nirmala Sitaraman on May 16, 2020.
  • In construction and specified rail infrastructure projects, 100% FDI under the automatic route has been permitted.
  • There is an Investor Facilitation Cell that assists investors from the time of their arrival in India to their departure from the country. This was created in 2014 to give services to investors in all phases such as the pre-investment phase, execution, and also after delivery services.
  • The government has taken steps to improve India’s ‘Ease of Doing Business’ rank. India climbed 23 points in the Ease of Doing Business index to 77th place in 2019, becoming the highest-ranked in South Asia in this index.
  • The Shram Suvidha Portal, eBiz portal, etc. have been launched. The eBiz portal offers single-window access to eleven government services connected with starting a business in India.
  • Other permits and licenses required to start a business have also been relaxed. Reforms are being undertaken in areas like property registration, payment of taxes, getting power connection, enforcing contracts, and resolving insolvency.
  • Other reforms include licensing process, time-bound clearances for applications of foreign investors, automation of processes for registration with the Employees State Insurance Corporation and the Employees Provident Fund Organization, adoption of best practices by states in granting clearances, decreasing the number of documents for exports, and ensuring compliance through peer evaluation, self-certification, etc.
  • The government hopes to improve physical infrastructure chiefly through the PPP mode of investment. Ports and airports have seen increased investment. Dedicated freight corridors are also being developed.

The government has launched plans to create 5 industrial corridors. They are underway. These corridors are spread across the length and breadth of India, with a strategic focus on inclusive development which will augment industrialization and urbanization in a planned manner. The corridors are:

  • Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC)
  • Amritsar-Kolkata Industrial Corridor (AKIC)
  • Bengaluru-Mumbai Economic Corridor (BMEC)
  • Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC)
  • Vizag-Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC)

Make in India – Schemes

Several schemes were launched to support the Make in India programme. These schemes are discussed below:

Skill India

This mission aims to skill 10 million in India annually in various sectors. For ‘Make in India’ to turn into a reality, there is a need to upskill the large human resources available. This is important because the percentage of formally skilled workforce in India is only 2% of the population.

Startup India

The main idea behind this programme is to build an ecosystem that fosters the growth of startups, driving sustainable economic growth, and creating large-scale employment.

Digital India

This aims to transform India into a knowledge-based and digitally empowered economy. To know more about Digital India , click on the linked page.

Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY)

The mission envisages financial inclusion to ensure access to financial services, namely banking savings & deposit accounts, remittances, credit, insurance, and pension in an affordable manner. Click the linked article to know more about Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) .

Smart Cities

This mission aims to transform and rejuvenate Indian cities. The goal is to create 100 smart cities in India through several sub-initiatives.

AMRUT is the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation. It aims to build basic public amenities and make 500 cities in India more livable and inclusive.

Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

This is a mission aimed at making India more cleaner and promoting basic sanitation and hygiene. For more information on Swachh Bharat Mission , click on the linked article.

This scheme aims at developing ports and promoting port-led development in the country. Read more on the Sagarmala Project in the linked article.

International Solar Alliance (ISA)

The ISA is an alliance of 121 countries, most of them being sunshine countries, which lie either completely or partly between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. This is India’s initiative aimed at promoting research and development in solar technologies and formulating policies in that regard.

AGNII or Accelerating Growth of New India’s Innovation was launched to push the innovation ecosystem in the country by connecting people and assisting in commercializing innovations.

Make in India – Objectives

There are several targets aimed by the Make in India mission. They are:

  • Raise in manufacturing sector growth to 12-14% per year.
  • Create 100 million additional jobs in the manufacturing sector by 2022.
  • Increase in the manufacturing sector’s share in the GDP to 25% by 2022.
  • Creating required skill sets among the urban poor and the rural migrants to foster inclusive growth.
  • A rise in the domestic value addition and technological depth in the manufacturing sector.
  • Having an environmentally sustainable growth.
  • Augmenting the global competitiveness of the Indian manufacturing sector.

Make in India – Progress

There have been several milestones attributed to the Make in India scheme. Some of the prominent ones are listed below:

  • The introduction of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) has eased the tax procedural system for businesses. The GST has been a fillip to the Make in India campaign.
  • Digitization in the country has gained momentum. Taxation, company incorporation, and many other processes have been made online easing the overall process and improving efficiency. This has upped India’s rank in the EoDB index.
  • The new insolvency code namely, the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code 2016 integrated all laws and rules relating to insolvency into a single legislation. This has taken the bankruptcy code of India on par with global standards.
  • Due to schemes of financial inclusion such as the PMJDY, as of May 2019, 356 million new bank accounts were opened.
  • FDI liberalization has helped India’s EoDB index to be favourable. Larger FDI inflows will create jobs, income, and investments.
  • Infrastructure and connectivity have received major push-through schemes like Bharatmala and Sagarmala, as well as various railway infrastructure development schemes.
  • BharatNet – this is a telecom infrastructure provider set up by the GOI to enhance digital networks in the rural areas of the country. This is perhaps the world’s largest rural broadband project.
  • India is ranked fourth in the world in terms of its capacity to harness power from winds and ranked number 6 in the world in harnessing solar power. Overall, India is ranked fifth in the world in installed renewable energy capacity.

Make in India – Advantages

The Make in India campaign has had several positive developments for the country. Below are some more benefits that have been derived from this mission.

  • Generating employment opportunities.
  • Increasing the GDP by expanding economic growth.
  • When FDI inflows become more, the rupee will be strengthened.
  • Small manufacturers will get a thrust, particularly when investors from abroad invest in them.
  • When countries invest in India, they will also bring with them the latest technologies in various fields.
  • Due to the various initiatives taken under the Mission, India has moved up the ranks in the EoDB index.
  • Setting up manufacturing centres and factories in rural areas will foster the development of these areas as well.

Make in India – Challenges

Even though the campaign has seen success in some quarters, there have been criticisms as well. There are also many challenges facing the country if she is to achieve the lofty targets set by the establishment. Some of the criticisms are laid out below.

  • India has about 60% of cultivable land. The thrust on manufacturing is said to affect agriculture negatively. It can even cause a permanent disruption of arable land.
  • It is also believed that rapid industrialization (even with the thrust on “going green”) can lead to a depletion of natural resources.
  • A fallout of inviting large-scale FDI is that local farmers and small entrepreneurs may not be able to face the competition from international players.
  • The campaign, with all its focus on manufacturing, can cause pollution and environmental side effects.
  • There are serious lacunae in the physical infrastructure facilities in the country. For the campaign to be successful, it is necessary to build up the infrastructure available in the country and also reduce problems like corruption at the lowest levels. Here, India can take lessons from China, which has dramatically improved its share of global manufacturing from 2.6% in the 1990s to 24.9% in 2013. China rapidly developed its physical infrastructure like railways, roadways, power, airports, etc.

Candidates should follow the latest developments in Current Affairs related to other government schemes for their UPSC 2024 preparation.

Frequently Asked Questions about Make in India

How successful is make in india, what are the challenges of make in india.

Make in India Notes – UPSC:- Download PDF Here

Candidates can check out the detailed information on Make in India on the video given below-

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Essay on Make in India Scheme

Make in India Scheme

The name of our country if reflected among the highest manufacturing nation gives us immense pleasure and proud feeling. The scheme Make in India is about initiating the manufacturing of different items in our country despite getting those products imported from other countries. This scheme will provide an opportunity to enhance the talents of the people in India.

Short and Long Essay on Make in India in English

Here is a long essay containing an elaborate essay on this topic that may be an aid to the students of higher standards in getting relevant information about the scheme Make in India.

Make in India Essay 10 Lines (100 – 150 Words)

1) On 25 September 2014, Narendra Modi, PM of India launched the Make in India project.

2) The Make in India initiative will help to boost the country’s economy.

3) Under this project, 25 sectors are focused on enhancing job opportunities.

4) The main motive of this project is to encourage manufacturing in India.

5) This project is trying to enhance foreign investment in the country.

6) By creating more job opportunities, is a step towards reducing unemployment and poverty.

7) This project will provide a chance for the people of India to show their talent and skills.

8) Make in India project will also focus on the development of rural areas.

9) However, increasing industrialization will be harmful to the environment.

10) Small businesses and the agriculture sector will be affected by this project.

Short Essay on Make in India (250 words)

Introduction

India is stated as the fastest developing nation in the world. There are several initiatives and programs that have been launched for the welfare and development of people and the nation. The project ‘Make in India’ has been brought by the Government of India to enhance manufacturing in India. This initiative has been launched on 25th September 2014 by then Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

The campaign was focused on 25 sectors for the creation of job opportunities and investments. The development in these 25 sectors will help in boosting economic growth in the nation. A lion with its entire body full of wheels is the symbol of this mission. It signifies progress, strength, and intelligence.

The Objective of the ‘Make in India’ Campaign

‘Make in India’ is the mission that has been initiated to make India a manufacturing hub. The main agenda of this campaign is that even if anything sold in any part of the world must be manufactured in India. The manufacturing can be done by both national and foreign companies.

The mission of this initiative is also to enhance foreign investment in the nation. This will help the foreign companies to set their businesses in India. The manufacturing sector contributes 15% to the GDP of the nation. The campaign aims to foster the contribution of the manufacturing sector to GDP by 25% by 2022.

The rate of poverty and unemployment is high in India. The campaign ‘Make in India’ is targeted to reduce the poverty and unemployment rate in the nation by creating new job opportunities. The initiative also focuses on the development of people in rural areas in India.

The campaign ‘Make in India’ is a better initiative for the development of the nation. This will help in reducing the dependency of India on other nations for different products. The enhancement of skill development in the youth is required to make this mission successful in the nation.

Long Essay on Aims and Pros & Cons of Make in India Scheme (500 – 600 Words)

Make in India is a scheme that literally can be explained as an initiative to enhance manufacturing in India. There are many products that are simply assembled in India but the manufacturing of the product is carried on in some other countries. Ultimately the products and goods are imported by our country. The symbol of this scheme is a Lion which represents the king of the jungle with confidence and pride. The wheels on the body of the Lion signify progress and development.

The Vision behind Initiating the Scheme – Make in India

The scheme made in India is launched to achieve some objectives. These are enlisted below:

  • Make India a Global Manufacturing Hub – The main objective of this scheme is to enhance the manufacturing of different products and develop into a leading manufacturer of various products by involving foreign investments. This will also help India in developing its relationship with all the countries.
  • Boost the Country’s Economy – This scheme involves the process of manufacturing products in our own country and supplying the finished goods to the whole world. This will increase the production capability of the country and thus help in economic growth and development.
  • Provide Employment to Masses – It requires more set up of industrial units to foster the manufacturing process. The newly built industries will have the need of working people. Therefore there will be the creation of different jobs which will provide employment to a number of people. This will also help in raising the economy of the country.
  • Achieving 25% GDP till 2025 – The contribution of the manufacturing sector is 16-18% approximately at present but the scheme Make in India focuses on making this rate 25% till 2025.

Various Sectors Recognized by the Government to Make Them Self-reliant

There are different sectors recognized by the Government which have to be worked upon to make those sectors self-reliant. There are total of 25 sectors in the list namely: Automobiles, Automobile Component, Biotechnology, Aviation, Chemicals, Defence Manufacturing, Defence Export, Electronic System, Electrical Machinery, Food Processing, Information Technology, Leather, Media and Entertainment, Mining, Oil and Gas, Pharmaceuticals, Ports and shipping, Railways, Renewable energy, Road and highways, Space and Astronomy, Thermal power, Tourism, Textile and garments, Wellness and health care.

The foreign investors will help in funding the sectors which are facing financial issues. The incurred profit after manufacturing will provide benefit to the country’s economy as well as a foreign investing firm.

Advantages and Disadvantages of the Scheme “Make in India”

Advantages:

  • The raw materials required for the manufacturing of different products is mostly available in our country. By promoting this scheme there will be proper utilization of the resource in our country only.
  • This scheme will provide a chance for people having talent and skill. There will be various openings for the employment of employed masses.
  • This scheme will be helping in enhancing the economy of our nation.
  • This scheme is catching the interest of several foreign investors to set up their businesses in India and supply their products worldwide.
  • The successfulness of this scheme will be helping in eradicating poverty. The lifestyle of people in villages will also improve as most of the people will be employed. The construction of industry near any village or town creates a lot of opportunities for the people of that area.

Disadvantages:

  • The development of new industries will be causing a great loss to the environment. It will degrade the quality of water, air, and soil in that area.
  • This will create ignorance for the agricultural sector. No one will be paying heed towards agricultural works.
  • The small businesses will suffer a great loss. They will face greater competition from foreign investor companies.
  • This will surely destroy the relations from countries which have already established in the same field as no one desire to invite competitors.

The scheme Make in India will help in the development of the country in various ways. The proper execution of policy will slowly eradicate the problem of poverty and unemployment from our country.

FAQs: Frequently Asked Questions

Ans . The scheme has been launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25th September 2014.

Ans . The main motive of the scheme is to develop our nation into a manufacturing hub and foster foreign investment.

Ans . Yes it is, but the programs and policies under the scheme need to be brought into action instead of just saying the same or representing it in papers.

Ans . The scheme is targeted towards creating millions of jobs by 2022 that might be capable of fulfilling the job requirement of youth.

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make in india essay in english

Essay on Make in India Project- 150, 200, 250 words

Essay on Make in India Project

The Make in India Project is one of the most significant breakthroughs in the history of the Indian economy. This initiative aimed at and achieved some major goals. The government of India introduced this initiative on September 25, 2014. Make in India Project was initiated in India with a unique objective to facilitate various major commercial sectors across the world to set up their production in India and sell their product anywhere. This project has turned out to be a massive success with companies all over the world investing in it and thriving strongly. The ‘Make in India’ initiative has positively made India the hub for construction firms globally.

Below you’ll find the Essays on the ‘Make in India’ Project in different word counts of 150, 200, and 300 words.

Table of Contents

Essay on the Make in India Project in 250 words

On September 25, 2014, the Indian Prime Minister introduced the ‘Make in India’ campaign in New Delhi. This extensive project pursued the end goal of improving the country’s economy and enhancing its income.

The Focus of the Make in India project

This initiative targets increasing the participation of international companies in this project and investing in it. The promotion of the production of goods in India and the improvement of employment opportunities for the citizens was the vision of the Indian government.

The advantage of the Make in India project

This initiative has proved to be a boon for the people of India. It has provided countless opportunities for employment for a huge number of jobless people in India. It has given new improved sources of hefty income to the country. And thus, has brought about the much-needed improvement in the Indian economy.

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India has managed to become one of the biggest hubs of construction companies worldwide, with the aid of this project.

As mentioned earlier, the ‘Make in India’ Project has promoted the production of goods for the people. This production includes not only the goods produced in other countries but also, the goods produced in India. Such production will result in surplus goods, meeting the demands of the people. This will also bring down the prices of such goods that are available in abundance for the masses.

Thus, the ‘Make in India’ Project has been successful in achieving most of the goals that the government envisioned. This project has improved India’s economy and has worked towards the wholesome development of the country.

Essay on the Make in India Project in 200 words

The ‘Make in India’ Project was introduced by the government of India on September 25, 2014, in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi. This initiative was supposed to play a major role in the advancement of India’s economy by providing employment opportunities to the youth of the country and uplifting the living standards of people by reducing poverty in the country. The project has considerably made the goods affordable for the people by doing so.

This project was an official call to business investors all over the world to invest and start their production in India for their success and the country’s betterment. The Indian youth was found to possess abundant skills, discipline, and commitment to make this project a huge success. Numerous companies globally have invested in this scheme and are flourishing with the results. Thus, this project has worked for the investors as well as the people of India.

The ‘Make in India’ campaign has also provided a profitable opportunity for all the major investors to invest in any business in India from a satellite with submarines, automobiles, agricultural value yoga, electricity to electronics, etc. A total of about 25 such sectors have come under this project and experienced tremendous growth.

Essay on the Make in India Project in 150 words

The ‘Make in India’ Project was launched by the Prime Minister of India in the hopes of enabling and encouraging the major businesses worldwide to invest in various businesses in India. By promoting such investment, he aims to increase the production of goods in other countries and India and thus increase employment opportunities for the youth of the country. This campaign was initiated on September 25, 2014, in Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi, and has turned out to be a great success.

The purpose of this campaign is to make India a world-class powerhouse, which will help in addressing the larger issue of the Indian economy in the future. It was designed to convert the country into a global business center and a major hub for construction companies because it has attractive proposals for local and foreign companies. Some of the 25 key sectors undertaken by this project are automobiles, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, construction, electricity-related machines, etc.

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make in india essay in english

Make in India Essay

Make in India Essay

Make in India essay for Class 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. Find paragraph, long and short essay on Make in India for Students. Learn everything about Make in India essay in 300 words, Make in India essay in 350 words, Make in India essay in 400 words and Make in India essay in 800 words.

Essay on Make In India

Make in India Essay 250 Words

Make in India campaign was launched on 25th of September in 2014 to make India a global manufacturing hub. It is aimed towards job creation and rapid economic growth. Manufacturing sector contributes around 17% in our GDP. This initiative will utilize the talent, skill, discipline, and determination of youths of India. This campaign provides investors with a favourable opportunity to come to India and invest in various manufacturing sectors. India will be the youngest nation with 65% of its population below 35 years of age.

This initiative will reduce unemployment by bringing development and growth-oriented employment through his effective governance. It will target 25 sectors of the economy like automobile, mining, electronics etc. It will provide employment to more than 10 million people. By providing employment, this initiative will reduce poverty and other social issues in India.

Make in India will reduce India’s dependence on imports. It has already attracted a huge response from various countries. India has become a leading manufacturing hub in electronic items. Implementation of GST and ease of doing business rules have provided impetus to this initiative. It also faces some hurdles like red tapism, providing environmental clearances and getting land for big projects. Rising competition from China, the US and Japan is also a challenge.

Other initiatives like GST, Skill India and effective policy implementation should work together for making this unprecedented initiative a success. The government should provide a transparent and easy business module to attract foreign investors. We have to strike the right balance between industries and the environment. Make in India scheme will surely transform India into a manufacturing giant and improve our economy.

Make in India Essay 300 Words

Make in India is one of the flagship programmes of our government intended to boost the domestic manufacturing industry and attract foreign investors to invest in India. Manufacturing currently contributes approximately 16% to the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and the target is to take it to 25%.

Make in India focuses on 25 sectors of the economy. This emphasis on manufacturing will serve several objectives. First, it will create job opportunities within the country. Second, it will boost Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) thereby bringing development. Third, it will minimize the imports of various products and so it will mitigate the pressure on our trade deficit. Fourth, it will augment our exports and lastly, it will help in bringing the latest technologies into the country.

India is a country rich in natural resources. Labour is available in plenty and skilled labour is also readily available given the high rates of unemployment among the educated class.

There are several challenges in the way of this highly beneficial programme. The investors are wary of prevalent labour laws and bureaucratic hassles in India. At present, we are also lagging in terms of technological advancement and the quality of our products. Infrastructure is also a major concern. Chronic deficiencies in transportation and power impose prohibitive costs.

The government has taken a number of steps to improve the ease of doing business in the country. Rules and procedures are being simplified. A number of sectors have been opened up for FDI. An Investor Facilitation Cell has been created to guide the first time investors.

Sound, sustained and coherent policies are required to help the youth get good job opportunities, increase and diversify the manufacturing base and bring economic prosperity to the nation.

Make in India Essay 350 Words

Make in India is an initiative launched by the Government of India to encourage multi-national companies to manufacture their products in India. It was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 September 2014. This initiative targets 25 sectors, viz. automobile components, aviation, biotechnology, chemical, information technology etc. The Make in India website highlights each of the 25 target sectors with statistics, reasons to invest, government support & policies relevant to investors.

Through this initiative, Government expects to generate jobs and mitigate poverty. It will also help in reducing brain drain and improving Balance of Payments and foreign exchange reserves. Foreign investment will bring technical expertise and creative skills along with foreign capital.

In 2015 India emerged as the top destination for foreign direct investment by receiving US$63 billion, surpassing USA and China. Manufacturing currently contributes just over 15% to the national GDP. The aim of this campaign is to grow this to a 25% contribution. The government is targeting to achieve net zero imports of electronics by 2020.

If we look at the other side of the coin, labour reforms and policy reforms which are fundamental for the success of the Make in India campaign have not yet been implemented. A number of technology-based companies have not been enthused by the campaign launch and continue to get their components manufactured by China. Land acquisition & environmental clearance have been contentious issues for many projects.

Only with appropriate economic & labour reforms in place and simplification of rules & procedures to do business in India, Government can envisage itself to become a powerhouse of the manufacturing sector in the world which is the ultimate aim of Make in India campaign.

Make in India Essay 400 Words

Make in India program was launched on 2014,25 September in New Delhi at Vigyan Bhawan. Along with campaign the symbol for this initiative was launched. It is a giant lion which is derived from the national emblem of India. A giant lion having many wheels which indicate peaceful process, courage, strength, wisdom and way to the vibrant future.

The basic aim of launching this particular campaign in India is to make India a world level manufacturing powerhouse. A distinction of global manufacturing hub which will definitely help in solving the biggest issue of Indian economy.

It is an initiative campaign run by the government of India with new deals to cheer up multinational companies as well as domestic companies at national and international level in order to manufacture products in India and sell the products worldwide.

Companies across the globe would be invited to make an investment and set up factories and expand their facilities in India and use India’s highly talented and skilled manpower to create world-class zero defect products. It is a big step taken by the government of India to reduce the level of unemployment faced by the youth of the country.

Almost 25 key sectors (such as aviation, chemicals, IT, automobiles, textiles, ports, pharmaceuticals, leather, hospitality, tourism, railways, etc) have been identified by the government to work for the investors and become a world leader. There is a special unit in the commerce Ministry name “Invest India” which helps in guiding all he top foreign investors in terms of regulatory and policy issue as well as assists in obtaining the regulatory clearances.

There is an arrangement of a dedicated team ready to answer all the queries form business entities through the web portal makeininida. com. Government provide is a backend support team also in order to response specific queries within 72 hours of duration.

The successful implementation of this plan will help in the 100 smart cities project and affordable housing in India. The main objective behind this is to ensure solid growth and valuable employment creation in the county with the help of top investors. This will help in creating a job market for over 10 million people in India. Manufacturing done in India would boost India’s GDP, trade and economic growth. This campaign will strengthen the Value of Rupee. Development of Rural Areas. This campaign will rank India in a good position in Ease of Doing Business. This campaign will help in Up-gradation of Technology.

This program was basically for an entrepreneur in India but government show negligence towards agriculture. In long run, we can see lots of small entrepreneurs. So we can conclude that Make in India is not a brand nor it is a slogan it is a new national movement.

Make in India Essay 800 Words

Make in India is an initiative of our government to attract multinational companies to manufacture their products in India. The Indian government wants companies to present all over the world to come to India and manufacture their products on Indian soil. The main focus is on 25 sectors like automobiles, aviation, biotechnology, chemical, information technology etc. On its website information like reasons to invest policy-related information, how the government is going to support the investors and other statistical information related to each of these 25 sectors. It is given to attract the investors under this campaign.

This initiative was launched on 25th September 2014. The major objectives of this initiative are the creation of jobs and the enhancement of the skills of people. As companies will come to invest in India manufacturing hubs will be set up. So because of that jobs will be created and the skills will be enhanced by the people, then those people will be employed.

The slogan of this initiative is “Zero defect Zero effect”. What does it mean? It means that the government provides quality assurance to the investors. If you will compare it with the Chinese market or product. In general, the Chinese items have a bad reputation in the global market because of the defective nature. So the government says that all the products which will be produced under this campaign will be of such quality that will be accepted by the global market. The basic aim is to make the world know that the products will be carried out in a sustainable manner. It will have zero adverse environmental and ecological effects.

The symbol of this initiative is a lion with wheels. It indicates courage, strength and wisdom. In the year 2015 India received a direct foreign investment of $63 billion US dollars and because of this, it surpasses 90 states in China to become a top destination of foreign direct investment in the world. As per the estimates, it is expected that the global market of electronic hardware will reach a value of 400 billion U.S dollar by 2020. So by becoming a manufacturing hub, India wants to tap this market and also another target is to have a net zero import of electronic equipment.

At present, the contribution of the manufacturing sector in GDP is around 15% and government estimates that because of this initiative it will reach a value of 25%. Some companies which were attracted and have started manufacturing in India are Huawei, MI and Lenovo. As those companies which are attracted and have proposed that they will manufacture in India are Foxconn and Boeing.

Positive Aspects

It is a country which is very rich in natural resources. This will help any manufacturing hub to be set up this is a prerequisite. Because of the high rate of unemployment, skilled and unskilled labourers are present in a plenty in our country and the labour rate is very cheap as compared to the labour of any other country.

Jobs will be created and poverty will be mitigated as more and more multinational companies will come to India for investment. The inflow of foreign direct investment will increase. The balance of payment and forest figures will improve. As multinational companies will come to India they’ll bring the technical expertise and their creative skills as well to our nation which will help us in the long run.

Negative Aspects

The scheme was launched in 2014 but still, no substantial action has been made in labour reform policies and reverent economic policies. After all the effort multinational companies have shown cold response to make in India. They still prefer to get their products made from China. If we look at World Bank’s 2016 Ease of doing business index India’s ranking is 138 which is just a 4 points improvement from the previous year’s ranking.

If you look at any development project there is a high probability that it will give rise to development versus displacement debate. To set up a very large manufacturing hub large chunk of the area is required so the people who are already living over there will have to be displaced and it gives rise to this debate which is a negative aspect of a development activity.

India has been an agrarian economy from a very long time the Large proportion of Indian population has always been employed in agricultural activities. If we look at current global scenarios the technology which is used by the agriculture sector is very outdated. It is very important that the government gives special attention to the improvement in the agrarian economy as well.

Only if the government take concrete steps to reform the labour policies and economic policies in India and simplifies that rules and procedures for the foreign companies to do business in India. The government can visualise itself becoming the manufacturing hub of the world which is the ultimate aim of Make in India.

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  • India Essay

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Essay on India

India is the largest democratic country. It is a big country divided into 29 states and 7 union territories. These states and union territories have been created so that the government can run the country more easily. India also has many different kinds of physical features in different parts of the country that are spread over its states and union territories. India is a very diverse country as well, which means that the people around the country are different in many ways. Even though India is such a diverse place, it is united as one country. 

Political Divisions

India is the seventh-largest country and has the second-largest population in the world. Here is the map of India showing 29 states and 7 union territories. These political divisions are made so that the government can run the country more easily. Though we live in different states, everyone is an Indian first.

[Image will be uploaded soon]

Physical Features

The Indian subcontinent has many different physical features shared with its neighbours that are also in the subcontinent – Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan and Bangladesh. The physical features of India form six different natural regions. 

The Northern Mountains

The Northern Plains

The Great Indian Desert

The Southern Plateau

The Coastal Plains

The Island Regions

The Northern Mountains: These are the Himalayas, the highest mountain range in the world. They form a natural boundary between India and a large part of Asia. Two neighbouring countries, Nepal and Bhutan are situated in these mountains. 

The Northern Plains: They are located to the south of the Himalayas. They extend into Pakistan in the west. Bangladesh is situated on the eastern part of the plains. 

The Great Indian Desert: The western part of India is a desert with less rainfall. This desert is called the Thar Desert. 

The Southern Plateau: This plateau region lies to the south of the Great Northern Plains and is called the Deccan Plateau. The Vindhya and Satpura ranges in the north, the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats surround the Deccan Plateau. 

The Coastal Plains: The Eastern coastal plain lies between the Bay of Bengal and the Eastern Ghats. The western coastal plain lies between the Arabian Sea and the Western Ghats.

The Island Regions: The island regions of India are two archipelagos on either side of Peninsula India. The Lakshadweep Islands are in the Arabian Sea and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are in the Bay of Bengal. 

The Rivers of India

The Indian subcontinent has many rivers. Some important rivers are the Indus, Ganga, Yamuna, Brahmaputra, Sutlej, the Narmada and Tapi rivers. 

These physical features and rivers link the people of India.

National Symbols

The National Flag of India is in the tricolour of deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions. The saffron stands for courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation, the white for purity and the truth and the green for faith and fertility. In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital.

The National Emblem of India is a replica of the Lion of Sarnath and symbolizes India’s reaffirmation of its ancient commitment to world peace and goodwill. 

The National Anthem of India is Jana Gana Mana and the National song is Vande Mataram.

The National Animal of India is Tiger, which symbolizes grace, strength and power.

The National Bird of India is Peacock, which symbolizes beauty, majesty and pride. 

The National Flower of India is Lotus, which symbolizes purity, wealth, richness, knowledge and serenity.

The National Tree of India is the Great Banyan Tree and because of its characteristics and longevity, the tree is considered immortal and sacred. It is an integral part of the myths and legends in India.

The National Fruit is Mango and it is the most cultivated fruit of the tropical world. 

Indian food is diverse. The geography of a region influences the food that people eat. The staple food of people is what grows in their regions. In North India, the staple food is Wheat. In East and South India, the staple food is Rice. In West India, the staple food is Millet. Daals are eaten in almost the entire country and prepared in different ways. 

Indians speak different languages. The Constitution of India mentions 22 languages. However, India has around 800 languages. Hindi is the official language of India. 

India is a country of many different religions and each has different festivals. Some important festivals are Baisakhi, Diwali, Eid, Ganesh Chaturthi, Dussehra and Christmas. 

Unity in Diversity

The people of India, their foods, festivals and languages – all these make India a very diverse country. However, there are also things that unite the people of India:

The National symbols like the Indian flag and the National Anthem.

The Constitution of India, which was written in the early years of our Independence. It unites the Indians because it has rules and laws that are the same for all people. 

The Constitution says that all Indians are equal in the eyes of the law.

All Indians who are over the age of 18 and have registered as voters can vote in elections.

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FAQs on India Essay

Q1. Describe the National Flag of India.

Ans. The National Flag of India is in the tricolour of deep saffron at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportions. The saffron stands for courage, sacrifice and the spirit of renunciation, the white, for purity and the truth and the green for faith and fertility. In the centre of the white band, there is a wheel of law in the Sarnath Lion Capital.

Q2. What is the population of India?

Ans. The population of India is 1 billion 325 million. India has the second-largest population in the world.

Q3. What are the important Festivals Celebrated in India?

Ans. Some of the important festivals celebrated in India are Diwali, Dussehra, Eid and Christmas.

Q4. Why is India called the largest Democratic Country?

Ans. India is the largest democratic country because the citizens of India have the right to elect their representatives who form and run the government.

Essay on India For Students and Children

500+ words essay on india.

India is a great country where people speak different languages but the national language is Hindi. India is full of different castes, creeds, religion, and cultures but they live together. That’s the reasons India is famous for the common saying of “ unity in diversity “. India is the seventh-largest country in the whole world.

Geography and Culture

India has the second-largest population in the world. India is also knowns as Bharat, Hindustan and sometimes Aryavart. It is surrounded by oceans from three sides which are Bay Of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and Indian oceans in the south. Tiger is the national animal of India. Peacock is the national bird of India. Mango is the national fruit of India. “ Jana Gana Mana ” is the national anthem of India . “Vande Mataram” is the national song of India. Hockey is the national sport of India. People of different religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism , Jainism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity and Judaism lives together from ancient times. India is also rich in monuments, tombs, churches, historical buildings, temples, museums, scenic beauty, wildlife sanctuaries , places of architecture and many more. The great leaders and freedom fighters are from India.

F lag of India

The indian flag has tricolors.

The first color that is uppermost color in the flag which is the saffron color, stands for purity. The second color i.e. the middle color in the flag is the white color and it stands for peace. The third color that is the lowest color in the flag is the green color and it stands for fertility. The white color has an Ashoka Chakra of blue color on it. Ashoka Chakra contains twenty-four spokes which are equally divided. India has 29 states and 7 union territories.

essay on india map

Follow this link to get a Physical and state-wise Map of India

My Favorite States from India are as follows –

Rajasthan itself has a glorious history. It is famous for many brave kings, their deeds, and their art and architecture. It has a sandy track that’s why the nuclear test was held here. Rajasthan is full of desert, mountain range, lakes, dense forest, attractive oases, and temples, etc. Rajasthan is also known as “Land Of Sacrifice”. In Rajasthan, you can see heritage things of all the kings who ruled over there and for that, you can visit Udaipur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Chittaurgarh, etc.

Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is bigger than a foreign (Italy) country and smaller than Oman. It also has tourists attractions for its places. In Madhya Pradesh, you can see temples, lakes, fort, art and architecture, rivers, jungles, and many things. You can visit in Indore, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Bhopal, Gwalior and many cities. Khajuraho, Sanchi Stupa, Pachmarhi, Kanha national park, Mandu, etc. are the places must visit.

Jammu and Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir are known as heaven on earth . We can also call Jammu and Kashmir as Tourists Paradise. There are many places to visit Jammu and Kashmir because they have an undisturbed landscape, motorable road, beauty, lying on the banks of river Jhelum, harmony, romance, sceneries, temples and many more.

In Jammu and Kashmir, u can enjoy boating, skiing, skating, mountaineering, horse riding, fishing, snowfall, etc. In Jammu and Kashmir, you can see a variety of places such as Srinagar, Vaishnav Devi, Gulmarg, Amarnath, Patnitop, Pahalgam, Sonamarg, Lamayuru, Nubra Valley, Hemis, Sanasar,  Anantnag,  Kargil, Dachigam National Park, Pulwama, Khilanmarg, Dras, Baltal, Bhaderwah, Pangong Lake, Magnetic Hill, Tso Moriri, Khardung La, Aru Valley, Suru Basin,Chadar Trek, Zanskar Valley, Alchi Monastery, Darcha Padum Trek, Kishtwar National Park, Changthang Wildlife Sanctuary, Nyoma, Dha Hanu, Uleytokpo, Yusmarg, Tarsar Marsar Trek and many more.

It is known as the ‘God’s Own Country’, Kerala is a state in India, situated in the southwest region, it is bordered by a number of beaches; covered by hills of Western Ghats and filled with backwaters, it is a tourist destination attracting people by its natural beauty. The most important destinations which you can see in Kerela are the museum, sanctuary, temples, backwaters, and beaches. Munnar, Kovalam, Kumarakom, and Alappad.

India is a great country having different cultures, castes, creed, religions but still, they live together. India is known for its heritage, spices, and of course, for people who live here. That’s the reasons India is famous for the common saying of “unity in diversity”. India is also well known as the land of spirituality , philosophy, science, and technology.

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One Strongman, One Billion Voters, and the Future of India

Narendra modi has proved one of india’s most consequential leaders. but he has drawn criticism for anti-democratic practices and charges of religious persecution..

This transcript was created using speech recognition software. While it has been reviewed by human transcribers, it may contain errors. Please review the episode audio before quoting from this transcript and email [email protected] with any questions.

From “The New York Times,” I’m Sabrina Tavernise, and this is “The Daily.”

[MUSIC PLAYING]

India, the world’s largest democracy, is in the midst of a national election. And India’s prime minister, Narendra Modi, is running to extend his 10 years in power. Modi has become one of the most consequential leaders in India’s history. But he is also one of its most controversial, drawing criticism for anti-democratic practices and charges of religious persecution. Today, my colleague, Mujib Mashal, on the many Narendra Modis and which one India will get in his historic third term.

It’s Thursday, May 9.

So, Mujib, you are covering India’s elections, which is, of course, an enormous undertaking. It’s a country of over a billion people. So the election takes weeks. And we are, right now, in the middle of that process. So first of all, where do things stand now in the race?

Well, it’s hard to know exactly right now. There’s so much noise around the campaigning in both sides. Prime Minister Modi and his opposition are pitching their side. But most observers expect Modi to be the favorite in this race because of his own popularity. This race has become a test of the popularity of a leader who has been in power for 10 years and who has a confidence that, even if his party is struggling, his popularity can lift up their chances.

And that’s what I want to talk to you about — his popularity. I want to understand how that fits with the other thing I think of when I think of Modi, which is his authoritarian tendencies. And the last time you and I talked, it was after a political assassination in Canada that had been traced back to Modi’s government. So how is it that Modi has managed to become such a prominent, durable figure in India in the world’s largest democracy?

So I’ve been in India for over three years now. And one of the central questions that has fascinated me is exactly that. He just has this enormous grip over the imagination of what is a hugely diverse country — the number of languages, the number of ethnicities, the number of religions, across 1.4 billion people, and a huge geography. But he just has this talent of making them feel one, making them feel united as the new India that he imagines. And he’s put himself at the center of reimagining what it means to be Indian in this age.

And how is he doing that, Mujib?

A lot of it comes from the fact that he knows this country very well, that he’s traveled. He’s spent time across the districts. So he understands, I think, the pulse of this country very well. But he also does it by using technology, by using both old and new methods, by constantly painting narratives that project India as this one nation on the march. And one of the ways he does that is through this monthly radio show that he has.

A monthly radio show — kind of like FDR’s “Fireside Chat“?

Sort of, but a lot more personal in the way that he draws on his own story that most Indians are very familiar with, that here’s a man very much like them, that he comes from a really humble economic background. You know, his father was a tea seller. Also, in India’s rigid caste hierarchy, he is not from the top communities and also that he has dedicated his life almost entirely to what he says is his nation, the national cause. He doesn’t have a family. He was married at one point, but he sort of separated from his wife, and he never talks about it. He always projects himself as a bachelor who, around the clock, only thinks about India.

And this comes into the radio show.

[SPEAKING HINDI]

The range of topics that he discusses —

Lifestyle-related disease — [HINDI]

— from health to food and nutrition to transport —

— to technology, it’s almost like telling the listeners that all his time is spent thinking about all the issues that could pertain to their lives.

He’s got advice for them. He’s got thoughts for them. And the way he does it is in a very personable way —

[CONVERSATION IN HINDI]:

— where he has callers connect, where he jokes —

— where he references the places he’s visited in the country.

He makes it very relatable across a huge nation. And he goes into issues that might be very local to a community, and then he tries to connect it to a national narrative. And then he goes to issues that are very cross-cutting, for example, exam preparations. This is a country that cares about its studies. And every year, around the exam period, Modi becomes their favorite exam tutor. He does this on the radio show, but he does a special broadcast for exam preparation.

The way he sort of fills the hall with students, and he gets up almost as a TED Talk speaker. He walks around with pointers. He walks around with that kind of confidence. And he knows that here are 16 -, 17 -, 18-year-olds, potential voters in the future. But even for their families, he is a man who tells them, hear it from me.

As someone like you who has made it big, here are some of the things that worked for me.

So he’s basically connecting with the Indian people, kind of somewhere between Oprah and Dr. Phil on American television.

Basically, basically. That actually might be a better reference than FDR in a way. Just the range of things that he addresses and the tone in which he does and sort of this hope of mobility, this hope of making it, he personifies that as well. And there’s something hugely powerful about that. And he’s very consistent in it as well. Since he rose to national power 10 years ago, he’s barely missed an episode.

So every month, he is in the ears of this huge country. And wherever the information space moves, he wants to be there, whether it’s the billboards, whether it’s the radio, whether it’s the television, and especially social media. This is something that he understood much earlier than other Indian leaders — the value of social media across a country this huge to get your message, particularly a country that is very rapidly digitizing.

And a country that’s so young.

Exactly, a country that is so young, a country that is so huge, and a country that has access to cheap smartphones, cheap data. So he understood this very well. And in the past few years, he senses that some of the people, some of his potential voters, might actually be shifting to these independent spaces of information, the YouTube show people, the Instagram influencers and all. And he wanted to be there. He wanted to make sure all of them project him and his image the same way. So what did he do?

(CROWD CHANTING) Modi! Modi! Modi! Modi! Modi! Modi! Modi!

Just a couple of months before the election, he held this huge award ceremony for the influencers.

Ladies and gentlemen, join your hands together for the influencer of the influencers, the OG, the good, honorable PM, Narendra Modi Ji.

For two hours, he was standing on stage.

And the Best Storyteller Award goes to Keerthika Govindasamy.

And he was handing out award after award to hundreds of influencers from across India —

And the next category is Disruptor of the Year Award.

— while the hall filled with people who have millions of followers across these different platforms. All of them had their phones out recording Modi on stage —

— giving them a pat on the back, dropping a little detail, having something relatable with each one of these young folks who came on stage to receive the award from him.

So it’s just somebody who is so sharp to latch on to every opportunity to connect with a pocket of audience.

And that was on display.

Just imagine the power of those hundreds of influencers with millions of followers across these platforms walking out of that hall thinking one of the most powerful men in the world not only had time for us, but he made us feel that he knew us, and what they will do to then carry his message.

And this is what a successful politician is, right? They connect with voters, and they find people that can spread their message. But a successful politician is also someone who gives people a story about what their country is and who they are in it. They help people understand themselves as citizens. So what is Modi actually telling them? What is that story?

Well, it’s the story of India’s rise. Think of a country coming out of a long history of colonial oppression, a foreign invasion. He is telling the same people that we finally found our footing, that we are being respected on the world stage, that our economy is growing, that the prestige of what it is to be Indian now is changing on the world stage, that for the longest time the world treated us as this poor country, where you had to send aid. Now the world is treating us as a major power that can offer solutions.

And, again, the way he communicates this is very important. One of the things he did recently was to have Bill Gates over.

Bill Gates, as in Bill Gates?

As in Bill Gates, as in for all intents and purposes in the Indian mind, the man who invented computers.

And Modi’s government actually released a full, very heavily produced video to promote that visit and that conversation between Modi and Gates —

Good morning. Great to see you.

— these beautiful video shots of drone footage and music and all of this. He shakes hands with Modi, and they sit down for a conversation.

But the body language in this conversation is very important.

I’m just curious in terms of your journey of using PCs or phones or different types of software, was there something that really drew you in, or what’s that been like?

Bill Gates is asking a lot of the questions. He’s asking an English. Modi’s answering in Hindi.

And Modi is giving him the solutions on technology, on how do you spread technology to the villages, how do you inject technology into simplifying governance. And what this is telling his audience is that I have brought India to a stage where the man who’s associated with computers is coming to me for answers.

Right, right. I’m the guy giving that computer inventor the answers.

Exactly, exactly. And, again, that’s a powerful thing, that if you are a village boy, a teenager somewhere deep in rural India, and you watch this man in a suit asking the questions, and you watch the man who speaks your language giving him the answers and explaining to him how the world should work and what the solutions are to the AI problems of the world, what the solutions are to incorporating technology in agriculture, he is reinforcing the same narrative that I have made it far; I am clinging on to the identity that is very Indian, and look, the world is coming for answers.

That my country truly is on the top of the world.

My country is on the top of the world, but my country is on the top of the world on its own terms, in terms of holding on to a cultural identity as well, that my country can advance and progress without necessarily letting go of its cultural values. And it could offer the world solutions in terms of technology and modernity.

So Modi’s very skillfully leveraging this Gates visit. He’s using it to drive home his central message, which is India is on top of the world; I’m on top of India; and even the inventor of the personal computer is coming to me for technology advice. So that’s the story he’s telling?

Yes, but on the ground, it’s a much more mixed reality. Yes, India’s economy is growing. But it’s an economy that is not helping lift up a lot of people, that it’s a deeply unequal economic reality in this country. You’ve got the fastest growing economy in the world. It’s become the fifth largest economy in the world. And, yet, unemployment is a major problem. It can’t generate enough jobs for its huge youth population. And 800 million people are dependent on government ration handouts every month.

But Modi in his sort of control of the information space and in his political cunning, he defines these handouts and rations as development that, look, you are getting help from the government — you’re not starving — that look, you might not get a job, but you got a gas cylinder. Your mom got a gas cylinder.

A gas cylinder, like a propane tank for cooking?

Yes, and the political genius of it is in how he then follows up. He’s created this huge welfare state where he uses resources from a top-heavy economy to give handouts to the poor. And then after those handouts have been given, he’s got a huge party apparatus that knocks on each door and says, remember that monthly ration of rice and dal and cooking oil that you got? That came from Modi.

And in a lot of these places, his picture is on it. His picture is on this sort of government stores that gives the handouts.

Interesting. Like, the picture of his face?

Yeah, the picture of his face. His picture was on the vaccine certificate that every person in this country got. He does not miss an opportunity to be in the face of every citizen of this country, to tell them whatever solution you’re getting is from my end.

Interesting. So he’s essentially giving people these essential things, but he’s taking pains to make sure that people, really down to the household level, understand that he’s the one giving them. His face is there. He’s really branding it as his own accomplishment.

Yes. And I think one part of it is his mastery of narrative building and communication, but the other part of it is the economic context of this country, that for the longest time these sections of society that we talk about, what he’s giving them is more than what they had before him. They were always so weak and so poor, and the state was failing them for so long, that even a small ration handout out a month is a sign of an improved state, is a sign of a changed India. And he drives that point home by the narrative he builds around it — that, hey, I’ve given you a little bit; imagine how much more I can give you if India keeps rising.

So it sounds like Modi has really found this very unique recipe to speak to this incredibly vast country. He’s organized with his party machine and his face on aid, but he’s also deeply appealing and present in almost every Indian’s life. And that’s kind of the textbook definition of a skilled politician.

Yes, that’s one version of Modi. But there’s also another Modi, a more divisive, even dangerous, Modi. And we’ve seen that side of him come out in recent weeks.

We’ll be right back.

So, Mujib, tell us what happened over the past couple of weeks.

What changed over the past couple of weeks in this election campaign is all of a sudden Modi’s rhetoric directly started targeting Muslims. All his life, he spent as a foot soldier of a right-wing Hindu organization called the RSS. And the goal of that organization has always been to turn India into a Hindu state.

The secular republic that India was created as in 1947 after the British left, they see that as unfair. So Mr. Modi comes from that kind of a background. And so in his 10 years in office, as Mr. Modi firmed up this vision of a Hindu first state, many of his policies were seen as discriminatory towards Muslims, India’s 200 million Muslim minority population. Beyond the basics of welfare, the states sort of allowing Muslims participation in the political space, in the cultural space has shrunk completely during his time.

And Modi himself, in those years, would continue targeting of the Muslims but in a very subtle way. He would make references to their clothes. He would make references to their choice of food. He had all these ways of referring to Muslims. But then, he did two things. One is he mentioned the Muslims by name. And then second thing he did was to define the Muslims as outsiders, as infiltrators who don’t belong here, who have intruded into his vision of the Indian society. He started saying that if his opposition comes to power —

— they will take the wealth of the Hindus, and they will give it to the Muslims.

And he didn’t just say wealth, land, property. He said they would take the women’s jewelry.

They would take the necklace that Hindu women wear as a sign of their marriage. So he went very specific to something that is very associated with honor and not just wealth. And then, as he repeated the point, the way these sort of populist politicians do, he threw a question to his audience —

— a huge crowd at a campaign rally. And he said, do you want your wealth to go to the infiltrators?

So he’s kind of saying the quiet part out loud here, that Muslims are not actually part of this big national project, even though they are, as you say, 15 percent of the population of India. They are Indian citizens. So it seems like a pretty big deal that Modi himself would say this, right? I mean, why did he say this, do you think?

We were all left wondering, why would he veer from a formula that had worked for him, that others would do the dirty work of directly targeting Muslims, where he would just make subtle references, and that was good enough — particularly in a moment where he projects himself as a global statesman, as somebody who believes in these democratic values? But I think the place where he made this comment give us clues.

It was in the state of Rajasthan in Northern India, this northern more populated belt of India that is his stronghold. And within that state, there is talks that some of the Hindu castes were not happy with him, that there was discontent. And as a way of uniting the Hindu divisions within his support base, he has always united them against someone, against something. And that someone and something has consistently been the Muslims.

So despite his popularity, he’s anxious about the margin of his victory and kind of resorted to this nasty form of nationalism to bring out his Hindu base, to bring together those divisions?

Yes, and it has worked for him in the past, this sort of Hindu-Muslim division, this fear of the Muslim has helped him overcome his other moments of political weakness.

But, Mujib, just to play devil’s advocate for a second here — I mean, isn’t it possible that these things are all signs that he’s actually feeling very secure, that he’s not just resorting to bring out his base, but that he’s feeling so secure that he’s able to just wear this ethnonationalism on his sleeve and do these very illiberal things because he’s so powerful and popular that it doesn’t matter?

That’s one possibility, absolutely, that this is the peak of unchecked power, that I can govern this country, and I can use the levers of power in any way I want, the institutions. And I can say whatever I want, that there will be no checks on it domestically. And we’re seeing this. He is resorting to crackdowns on the opposition. He’s resorting to throwing opposition leaders in jail. He is resorting to drying up the source of funding for his political opponents to kind of tilt the playing field in his favor.

And there’s also the security that internationally, beyond the borders of India, nobody will say anything at all because he’s created the sense of his story. His power is so intertwined with the story and the power of this rising India. And for these outside countries who want deals with India, who want trade with India, who want transactions with India, he is confident that they will not criticize him, that they will not stand up and say, you’re crossing lines.

So, Mujib, we’ve been talking about Modi as a leader with just this wild popularity, in part because his vision of a shining modern India appeals to a lot of people. But there’s also this darker streak, this Hindu fundamentalism that we’ve been talking about. And I guess the kind of amazing and confounding thing about India and about Modi is that all of these things are true. So if you had to come up with a category for Modi, what would you say?

I guess the fascinating thing about him is that he’s not easy to label. One thing I’ve learned in my years of reporting here is that he’s many things at once. He sees himself as someone who, after the founding fathers of India, after the founding fathers of this Republic, he speaks of an ambition that no prime minister before him would speak of in the way of completely reshaping this country for the future.

But at the same time, he is someone who has demonstrated that he is amassing power around himself, that he is consistently brushing aside any checks on his power, that he has an ideology that does not see this country’s entire population as equal, that that ideology has a vision of a first class citizen and a second class citizen.

And which one of these many Modi’s we see in the future, it’s hard to tell. But in moments of tension and in moments when he is anxious, that darker side comes out more clearly. And the efforts at a visionary statesman that wants to pull up the entirety of this country to that sort of higher place that he has in mind ends up taking a back seat.

Mujib, thank you.

Here’s what else you should know today. On Wednesday —

Well, hello, everyone. It’s just another Wednesday on Capitol Hill.

— for the second time in less than a year, Republicans in Congress sought to depose their own speaker in the House of Representatives. But this time, the effort failed. The attempt was made by Representative Marjorie Taylor Greene of Georgia. House speaker, Mike Johnson, easily batted it down.

I want to say that I appreciate the show of confidence from my colleagues to defeat this misguided effort. That is certainly what it was.

Johnson survived because Democrats came to his rescue. The vote to kill Greene’s effort was an overwhelming 359 to 43. The Democrats’ support allowed Johnson to avoid the messy showdown on the House floor that had led to the historic ouster of former speaker, Kevin McCarthy, last fall. Greene had threatened to make the move for weeks, since Johnson pushed through a long-stalled $95 billion foreign aid package to Ukraine and Israel. In the end, her effort was largely symbolic. Greene was widely booed by lawmakers as she called up the resolution and read it aloud. And —

If they go into Rafah, I’m not supplying the weapons that have been used historically to deal with Rafah, to deal with the cities — to deal with that problem.

— a day after the White House acknowledged that it had halted the shipment of 3,500 bombs to Israel last week, out of concern that they might be used on Jerusalem’s planned assault on Rafah in Southern Gaza, President Biden told CNN in an interview that he would also block the delivery of weapons and artillery shells that could be fired into densely populated areas of Rafah. Biden also acknowledged that American bombs had been used to kill Palestinian civilians. Biden’s remarks underscored the growing rift between the US and Israel over its war in Gaza.

But it’s just wrong. We’re not we’re not going to supply the weapons and the artillery shells used.

Today’s episode was produced by Asthaa Chaturvedi, Eric Krupke, Will Reid, Shannon Lin, and Summer Thomad. It was edited by Brendan Klinkenberg and Michael Benoist; contains original music by Rowan Niemisto, Marion Lozano, Elisheba Ittoop, and Dan Powell; and was engineered by Chris Wood. Our theme music is by Jim Brunberg and Ben Landsverk of Wonderly.

That’s it for “The Daily.” I’m Sabrina Tavernise. See you tomorrow.

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Featuring Mujib Mashal

Produced by Asthaa Chaturvedi ,  Eric Krupke ,  Will Reid ,  Shannon M. Lin and Summer Thomad

Edited by Brendan Klinkenberg and Michael Benoist

Original music by Rowan Niemisto ,  Marion Lozano and Dan Powell

Engineered by Chris Wood

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India is in the midst of a national election and its prime minister, Narendra Modi, is running to extend his 10 years in power.

Mr. Modi has become one of the most consequential leaders in India’s history, while also drawing criticism for anti-democratic practices and charges of religious persecution.

Mujib Mashal, the South Asia bureau chief for The New York Times, discusses what we might see from Mr. Modi in a third term.

On today’s episode

make in india essay in english

Mujib Mashal , the South Asia bureau chief for The New York Times.

Modi is standing behind an orange podium with a white flower at the front. He is pointing with his hand. Behind him is a large image of Modi himself against an orange background.

Background reading

Narendra Modi’s power keeps growing, and India looks sure to give him more .

The brazenness of Mr. Modi’s vilification of India’s Muslims has made it clear that he sees few checks on his power, at home or abroad.

Mr. Modi has softened his image at home with an old-fashioned radio show , which feeds a vast social media apparatus.

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We aim to make transcripts available the next workday after an episode’s publication. You can find them at the top of the page.

The Daily is made by Rachel Quester, Lynsea Garrison, Clare Toeniskoetter, Paige Cowett, Michael Simon Johnson, Brad Fisher, Chris Wood, Jessica Cheung, Stella Tan, Alexandra Leigh Young, Lisa Chow, Eric Krupke, Marc Georges, Luke Vander Ploeg, M.J. Davis Lin, Dan Powell, Sydney Harper, Mike Benoist, Liz O. Baylen, Asthaa Chaturvedi, Rachelle Bonja, Diana Nguyen, Marion Lozano, Corey Schreppel, Rob Szypko, Elisheba Ittoop, Mooj Zadie, Patricia Willens, Rowan Niemisto, Jody Becker, Rikki Novetsky, John Ketchum, Nina Feldman, Will Reid, Carlos Prieto, Ben Calhoun, Susan Lee, Lexie Diao, Mary Wilson, Alex Stern, Dan Farrell, Sophia Lanman, Shannon Lin, Diane Wong, Devon Taylor, Alyssa Moxley, Summer Thomad, Olivia Natt, Daniel Ramirez and Brendan Klinkenberg.

Our theme music is by Jim Brunberg and Ben Landsverk of Wonderly. Special thanks to Sam Dolnick, Paula Szuchman, Lisa Tobin, Larissa Anderson, Julia Simon, Sofia Milan, Mahima Chablani, Elizabeth Davis-Moorer, Jeffrey Miranda, Renan Borelli, Maddy Masiello, Isabella Anderson and Nina Lassam.

Mujib Mashal is the South Asia bureau chief for The Times, helping to lead coverage of India and the diverse region around it, including Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan. More about Mujib Mashal

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